CN202186217U - Vertical numerical control carving machine - Google Patents

Vertical numerical control carving machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202186217U
CN202186217U CN2011202370880U CN201120237088U CN202186217U CN 202186217 U CN202186217 U CN 202186217U CN 2011202370880 U CN2011202370880 U CN 2011202370880U CN 201120237088 U CN201120237088 U CN 201120237088U CN 202186217 U CN202186217 U CN 202186217U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
multiaxis
numerical control
vertical
engraving machine
spindle box
Prior art date
Application number
CN2011202370880U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈元培
Original Assignee
陈元培
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Priority to CN2011202370880U priority Critical patent/CN202186217U/en
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Publication of CN202186217U publication Critical patent/CN202186217U/en

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Abstract

The utility model relates to a vertical numerical control carving machine which comprises a base and a portal frame fixed above the base, and is characterized in that a multi-shaft spindle box with an upward spindle head and a vertical guide rail are arranged on the upper side of the front end of the base; the vertical guide rail is provided with a multi-shaft tailstock matched with the multi-shaft spindle box, and the multi-shaft spindle and the multi-shaft tailstock are in coaxial arrangement so as to clamp a workpiece; the portal frame is internally provided with a lifting beam which is provided with a knife rest capable of moving left and right as well as front and back; and the knife rest is provided with a tool corresponding to the multi-shaft spindle box. The vertical numerical control carving machine has reasonable design, a simple structure, lower manufacturing cost, high processing accuracy and convenience in use, and can process larger workpieces.

Description

The vertical numerical control engraving machine
Technical field
The utility model relates to the numerical control machine tool technique field, especially a kind of vertical numerical control engraving machine.
Background technology
What existing digital-controlled carving machine generally adopted is horizontal structure, and this kind structure is unfavorable for processing more greatly, heavier workpiece, because workpiece is bigger; Its weight is big, if the horizontal method of clamping of the level of employing receives the effect of cutting force in addition; The good workpiece of difficult clamping causes machining accuracy not high, in addition; The multiaxis main spindle box of existing digital-controlled carving machine adopts multiple electric motors to drive simultaneously, because the general employing of the motor of Digit Control Machine Tool is servomotor or stepper motor, the expense of motor is higher; Cause the cost of whole lathe comparatively expensive, and the maintenance trouble; What be used for that the tail stock for machine tool of clamping workpiece adopts is thimble structure, often because of the piece-holder tension workpiece is broken, and workpiece is scrapped, and causes waste; What the base downside of lathe adopted is that lower margin is regulated bolt, because the vibration of lathe, after use a period of time, foundation bolt is loosening easily; Cause lathe to rock, influence machining accuracy, this shows; Existing digital-controlled carving machine structure is comparatively complicated, and manufacturing cost is higher, and machining accuracy is not high.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of the utility model is to provide a kind of vertical numerical control engraving machine, and this vertical numerical control engraving machine is reasonable in design, simple in structure, and cost is lower, can process bigger workpiece, and machining accuracy is high, and is easy to use.
The utility model is characterised in that: a kind of vertical numerical control engraving machine; Comprise base and the portal frame that is fixed on the base top; It is characterized in that: said base front end upside is provided with main tapping multiaxis main spindle box and vertical guide up, and said vertical guide is provided with the multiaxis tailstock that cooperates with the multiaxis main spindle box, said multiaxis main spindle box and the coaxial setting of multiaxis tailstock; In order to the clamping workpiece; In the said portal frame hoisting cross beam is installed, be equipped with on the said hoisting cross beam can about with the knife rest that moves forward and backward, the cutter corresponding with the multiaxis main spindle box is installed on the said knife rest.
Comprise a motor, a N shaft coupling, a N decelerator and N main tapping in the above-mentioned multiaxis main spindle box; A said N decelerator is through N-1 shaft coupling; Another output shaft of a said N decelerator is in transmission connection with N main tapping respectively; Said motor is connected with the reducer input shaft that is positioned at a side through shaft coupling, and above-mentioned N is more than or equal to 1.
The Y that is provided with move left and right between above-mentioned knife rest bottom side and the hoisting cross beam to feed system and the X that moves forward and backward to feed system, said Y to feed system and X feed system by motor, screw pair, guide rail sliding pair and slide plate formation.
The two ends of above-mentioned hoisting cross beam are respectively arranged with guide rail slide block and feed screw nut, and the vertical leading screw upper end that is located on the feed screw nut is in transmission connection through bevel gear and horizontal drive shaft, and said horizontal drive shaft is by motor-driven.
Above-mentioned main tapping comprises the chuck that can be locked on the reducer output shaft, and the front end face center of said chuck is the awl shape, and its all side has been disposed radially some roads swaging clamp, and said chuck periphery also is provided with load-bearing plate, and said load-bearing plate downside is provided with sealing ring.
The thimble of above-mentioned multiaxis tailstock is taken over a business for the bowl formula; It is flexible vertically through the rotation handwheel a bowl formula to be taken over a business; To cooperate main tapping to clamp workpiece to be machined; Said bowl formula takes over a business that the front end face center is the awl shape and perimembranous is provided with flanged ring, and the left and right sides portion of said multiaxis tailstock cooperates with vertical guide through slide block and clamp.
Above-mentioned base downside is provided with the adjusting pad, for regulating bolt, adopts pad more stable, because bolt is loosening easily, causes base not steady easily after use a period of time, thereby influences machining accuracy.
The upper end of above-mentioned vertical guide is connected with the projection of the upside of portal frame, and said projection is provided with the pulling apparatus of multiaxis tailstock, and said pulling apparatus is a torsion spring volume box, the similar tape measure of its structure.
The advantage of the utility model is: the one, and reasonable in design, adopt vertical structure, change the horizontal type structure of transmission, its piece-holder is more firm, helps processing more greatly, heavier workpiece, and machining accuracy is high; The 2nd, be simple in structure, cheap, adopt the main shaft of a motor and a plurality of main transmissions simultaneously of several shaft couplings, saved the usage quantity of motor, reduced manufacturing cost; The 3rd, be that the thimble of multiaxis tailstock adopts the bowl formula to take over a business, workpiece can not broken because of excessively stepping up, improved the qualification rate of product; The 4th, adopt the base downside to regulate pad, for regulating bolt, adopt pad more stable, improved machining accuracy.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the perspective view of vertical numerical control engraving machine assembly.
Fig. 2 is a hoisting cross beam Drive Structure sketch map
Fig. 3 is the schematic top plan view of knife rest feeding structure.
Among the figure: 1-base, 2-portal frame, 3-main tapping, 4-multiaxis main spindle box, 5-vertical guide; 6-multiaxis tailstock, 7-hoisting cross beam, 8-knife rest, 9-Y are to feed system, and 10-X is to feed system; 12-pulling apparatus, 13-roller, 14-steel wire rope, 15-adjusting pad;
41-motor, 42-shaft coupling, 43-decelerator; 70-bearing block, 71-guide rail slide block, 72-feed screw nut, 73-vertical leading screw, 74-bevel gear, 75-horizontal drive shaft, 76-motor; 31-load-bearing plate, 32-sealing ring, 33-steel ball, 61-bowl formula is taken over a business 62-handwheel;
91-cross slide way, 93-screw pair, 94-motor, 95-cross slide;
101-vertical guide, 103-screw pair, 104-motor, 105-vertical slide plate.
The specific embodiment
The vertical numerical control engraving machine that the utility model is provided below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and concrete embodiment is done and is specified.
The vertical numerical control engraving machine of the utility model is applicable to processing woodcarving and stone carving; Comprise base 1 and the portal frame 2 that is fixed on the base top; It is characterized in that: said base 1 front end upside is provided with main tapping 3 multiaxis main spindle box 4 and vertical guide 5 up, and said vertical guide 5 is provided with the multiaxis tailstock 6 that cooperates with multiaxis main spindle box 4, said multiaxis main spindle box 4 and the 6 coaxial settings of multiaxis tailstock; In order to the clamping workpiece; Hoisting cross beam 7 is installed in the said portal frame, be equipped with on the said hoisting cross beam 7 can about with the knife rest 8 that moves forward and backward, the cutter corresponding with multiaxis main spindle box 4 is installed on the said knife rest 8.
Comprise a motor 41, a N shaft coupling 42, a N decelerator 43 and N main tapping 3 in the above-mentioned multiaxis main spindle box 4; A said N decelerator is through N-1 shaft coupling 42; Another output shaft of a said N decelerator 43 is in transmission connection with N main tapping respectively; Said motor is connected with the decelerator that is positioned at a side 43 power shafts through shaft coupling 42, and above-mentioned N is more than or equal to 1.
The Y that is provided with move left and right between above-mentioned knife rest 8 bottom sides and the hoisting cross beam 7 to feed system 9 and the X that moves forward and backward to feed system 10, said Y to feed system and X feed system by motor, screw pair, guide rail sliding pair and slide plate formation.
The two ends of above-mentioned hoisting cross beam 7 are respectively arranged with guide rail slide block 71 and feed screw nut 72, and vertical leading screw 73 upper ends that are located on the feed screw nut are in transmission connection through bevel gear 74 and horizontal drive shaft 75, and said horizontal drive shaft 75 is driven by motor 76.
Above-mentioned main tapping 3 comprises the chuck that can be locked on the reducer output shaft; The front end face center of said chuck is the awl shape; Its all side has been disposed radially some roads swaging clamp, and said chuck periphery also is provided with load-bearing plate 31, and said load-bearing plate downside is provided with sealing ring 32.
The thimble of above-mentioned multiaxis tailstock 6 takes over a business 61 for the bowl formula; It is flexible vertically through rotation handwheel 62 a bowl formula to be taken over a business; To cooperate main tapping 3 to clamp workpiece to be machined; Said bowl formula takes over a business that the front end face center is the awl shape and perimembranous is provided with flanged ring, and the left and right sides portion of said multiaxis tailstock 6 cooperates with vertical guide 5 through slide block and clamp.
Above-mentioned base 1 downside is provided with regulates pad 15, for regulating bolt, adopts pad more stable, because bolt is loosening easily, causes base 1 not steady easily after use a period of time, thereby influences machining accuracy.
The upper end of above-mentioned vertical guide 5 is connected with the projection of the upside of portal frame, and said projection is provided with the pulling apparatus 12 of multiaxis tailstock 6, and said pulling apparatus is a torsion spring volume box, the similar tape measure of its structure.
In above-mentioned preferred embodiment, said motor is servomotor or stepper motor, and described decelerator is the turbine and worm decelerator; It is raw material that the shaft coupling buffer unit adopts polyurethane elastomer, but absorbed oscillation and impact compensate radial and axial deviation; The turbine and worm decelerator is particularly important through the transmission accuracy that is connected of shaft coupling with being connected precision, otherwise, a large amount of substandard products can appear; Can damage main spindle box when serious, if there is not shaft coupling, a plurality of turbine and worm decelerators are difficult to be connected on the same straight line; Because a plurality of tie points are deviation a little generally, the turbine and worm decelerator after the connection just not on same straight line, just has vibration and turns round strength; Fragile like this turbine and worm decelerator, motor also can influence the engraving precision.
The utility model does not limit to above-mentioned preferred forms, and all equalizations of being done according to the utility model claim change and modify, and all should belong to the covering scope of the utility model.

Claims (8)

1. vertical numerical control engraving machine; Comprise base and the portal frame that is fixed on the base top; It is characterized in that: said base front end upside is provided with main tapping multiaxis main spindle box and vertical guide up, and said vertical guide is provided with the multiaxis tailstock that cooperates with the multiaxis main spindle box, said multiaxis main spindle box and the coaxial setting of multiaxis tailstock; In order to the clamping workpiece; In the said portal frame hoisting cross beam is installed, be equipped with on the said hoisting cross beam can about with the knife rest that moves forward and backward, the cutter corresponding with the multiaxis main spindle box is installed on the said knife rest.
2. vertical numerical control engraving machine according to claim 1; It is characterized in that: comprise a motor, a N shaft coupling, a N decelerator and N main tapping in the said multiaxis main spindle box; A said N decelerator is through N-1 shaft coupling; Another output shaft of a said N decelerator is in transmission connection with N main tapping respectively, and said motor is connected with the reducer input shaft that is positioned at a side through shaft coupling.
3. vertical numerical control engraving machine according to claim 2; It is characterized in that: the Y that is provided with move left and right between said knife rest bottom side and the hoisting cross beam to feed system and the X that moves forward and backward to feed system; By motor, screw pair, guide rail sliding pair and slide plate constitute said Y to feed system and X feed system.
4. vertical numerical control engraving machine according to claim 1; It is characterized in that: the two ends of said hoisting cross beam are respectively arranged with guide rail slide block and feed screw nut; The vertical leading screw upper end that is located on the feed screw nut is in transmission connection through bevel gear and horizontal drive shaft, and said horizontal drive shaft is by motor-driven.
5. vertical numerical control engraving machine according to claim 1 and 2; It is characterized in that: said main tapping comprises the chuck that can be locked on the reducer output shaft; The front end face center of said chuck is the awl shape; Its all side has been disposed radially some roads swaging clamp, and said chuck periphery also is provided with load-bearing plate, and said load-bearing plate downside is provided with sealing ring.
6. vertical numerical control engraving machine according to claim 1; It is characterized in that: the thimble of said multiaxis tailstock is taken over a business for the bowl formula; It is flexible vertically through the rotation handwheel a bowl formula to be taken over a business; Cooperating main tapping to clamp workpiece to be machined, said bowl formula takes over a business that the front end face center is the awl shape and perimembranous is provided with flanged ring, and the left and right sides portion of said multiaxis tailstock cooperates with vertical guide through slide block and clamp.
7. vertical numerical control engraving machine according to claim 1 is characterized in that: said base downside is provided with the adjusting pad.
8. vertical numerical control engraving machine according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the upper end of said vertical guide is connected with the projection of the upside of portal frame, and said projection is provided with the pulling apparatus of multiaxis tailstock.
CN2011202370880U 2011-07-07 2011-07-07 Vertical numerical control carving machine CN202186217U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011202370880U CN202186217U (en) 2011-07-07 2011-07-07 Vertical numerical control carving machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011202370880U CN202186217U (en) 2011-07-07 2011-07-07 Vertical numerical control carving machine

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Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102825962A (en) * 2012-08-24 2012-12-19 黄泉福 Novel vertical numerical-control engraving machine
CN103129286A (en) * 2013-02-07 2013-06-05 陈元培 Workpiece clamping device of numerical control (NC) vertical 3D engraving machine
CN103231616A (en) * 2013-04-23 2013-08-07 青岛速霸数控设备有限公司 Three-dimensional art carving machine
CN103522817A (en) * 2013-10-25 2014-01-22 安庆市宏大涛业精啄数控科技有限公司 U-shaft clamping device of numerical control cylinder engraving machine
CN103587323A (en) * 2012-08-15 2014-02-19 苏州市兴博塑胶模具有限公司 Z-axis part sliding plate of lead screw carving machine
CN103935171A (en) * 2014-03-05 2014-07-23 福建唐煌数控雕刻机械设备有限公司 Large environmentally-friendly multifunctional vertical type three-dimensional numerical control carving machine
CN104827812A (en) * 2015-05-07 2015-08-12 郑建兵 Three-dimensional vertical type carving machine
CN106427332A (en) * 2016-09-28 2017-02-22 上海海事大学 Small three-dimensional carving machine
CN106926625A (en) * 2016-10-28 2017-07-07 汪贤荣 A kind of safe stone column engraving device
CN108656813A (en) * 2018-06-14 2018-10-16 汪洪涛 A kind of sand mo(u)ld wooden model digital-controlled carving machine

Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103587323A (en) * 2012-08-15 2014-02-19 苏州市兴博塑胶模具有限公司 Z-axis part sliding plate of lead screw carving machine
CN102825962B (en) * 2012-08-24 2015-06-17 黄泉福 Novel vertical numerical-control engraving machine
CN102825962A (en) * 2012-08-24 2012-12-19 黄泉福 Novel vertical numerical-control engraving machine
CN103129286A (en) * 2013-02-07 2013-06-05 陈元培 Workpiece clamping device of numerical control (NC) vertical 3D engraving machine
CN103231616A (en) * 2013-04-23 2013-08-07 青岛速霸数控设备有限公司 Three-dimensional art carving machine
CN103522817A (en) * 2013-10-25 2014-01-22 安庆市宏大涛业精啄数控科技有限公司 U-shaft clamping device of numerical control cylinder engraving machine
CN103935171A (en) * 2014-03-05 2014-07-23 福建唐煌数控雕刻机械设备有限公司 Large environmentally-friendly multifunctional vertical type three-dimensional numerical control carving machine
CN103935171B (en) * 2014-03-05 2016-08-24 福建唐煌数控雕刻机械设备有限公司 A kind of large-scale environmental protection vertical type multifunctional 3 D carving machine
CN104827812A (en) * 2015-05-07 2015-08-12 郑建兵 Three-dimensional vertical type carving machine
CN106427332A (en) * 2016-09-28 2017-02-22 上海海事大学 Small three-dimensional carving machine
CN106926625A (en) * 2016-10-28 2017-07-07 汪贤荣 A kind of safe stone column engraving device
CN106926625B (en) * 2016-10-28 2019-02-26 宿州市鑫尧健康科技有限公司 A kind of safe stone column engraving device
CN108656813A (en) * 2018-06-14 2018-10-16 汪洪涛 A kind of sand mo(u)ld wooden model digital-controlled carving machine

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20120411

Termination date: 20140707

EXPY Termination of patent right or utility model