Electric cleaning car
The utility model relates to a kind of electric cleaning car.
Along with the development that urbanization is built, road conditions is improved, and helps the mechanization cleaning work.Simultaneously, the cleaning of city appearance environment health is heavier, and the manual cleaning work labour intensity of transmission is big, operating efficiency is low.
For the traffic major trunk roads in the city or between the city; Adopt at present usually the operation of keeping a public place clean of large-scale garbage truck for cleaning, yet, for places such as street, sub-district, park, stadium, parking lot or factories; Because the limitation in cleaning space, existing large-scale cleaning vehicle can't be competent at.
Compare with large-scale cleaning vehicle, electric cleaning car is small and exquisite flexibly, can be in the incompetent occasion work of large-scale cleaning vehicle, and have automatic walking function, and help to alleviate environmental sanitation personnel's labour intensity, increase work efficiency, at present in the fast development.
Electric cleaning car mainly can be divided into two kinds of hand held and drive types.Drive type electric cleaning car operating efficiency and automaticity are all high than hand held, and have improved operating environment, receive very much sanitationman's favor.
The cleaning works process of electric cleaning car is following: utilize cleaning head cleaning road surface, through conveying mechanism rubbish is delivered in the dustbin, to assigned address garbage-cleaning in the dustbin or self-unloading are come out.
On the prior electric road-sweeper; Normal employing Pneumatic Conveying Mechanism or device are inhaled and are picked up and carry rubbish; Promptly utilize pull of vacuum to inhale and pick up and carry rubbish, rubbish is after being delivered to dustbin, and rubbish need adopt strainer to separate with air; In use, the filtering holes of strainer can be stopped up and the forfeiture filter effect by dust at leisure.
The utility model content
The purpose of the utility model is to provide a kind of electric cleaning car, to solve strainer by the dust blocking problem.
For this reason; The utility model provides a kind of electric cleaning car; Comprise traveling vehicle frame, be arranged on Pneumatic conveyer and clearing apparatus on the traveling vehicle frame; This Pneumatic conveyer comprises: negative pressure box, link to each other with exhaust gear, and comprise upper box, hold the lower box of rubbish and the pluggable tabular strainer of interval upper box and lower box; And inhale and pick up mouth, link to each other with the lower box of negative pressure box through sweep-up pipe.
Further, the rear wall of above-mentioned negative pressure box is provided with suction garbage can door, tabular strainer can plug be mounted to the negative pressure box from the outside of negative pressure box, and the installation access of tabular strainer is sealed by suction garbage can door.
Further, be provided with the valve in the face of tabular strainer in the above-mentioned upper box, valve links to each other with ventilator.
Further, above-mentioned ventilator is positioned at the device space of negative pressure box bottom.
Further, above-mentioned electric cleaning car also is included in and drives the translation mechanism that valve moves back and forth on the length direction of tabular strainer.
Further, be provided with the guide rail bracket of accommodating plate-shaped strainer in the above-mentioned negative pressure box and apply the vibrating grid of vibration to tabular strainer, wherein, vibrating grid links to each other with vibrator.
Further, above-mentioned vibrating grid has the pressing plate that extends in the frame over top of tabular strainer, and facing between the side of guide rail bracket of pressing plate is provided with first seal gasket, and the side in the face of tabular strainer of pressing plate is provided with second seal gasket.
Further, above-mentioned guide rail bracket has the support guide groove at the tabular strainer of width supported on both sides of tabular strainer, is provided with guide roller in this support guide groove.
Further, above-mentioned exhaust gear comprises plenum chamber and two induced draft fans that link to each other with plenum chamber, wherein, and the gas collection implication sealed butt joint of the exhaust opening of negative pressure box and plenum chamber.
Further, above-mentioned negative pressure box is articulated on the pivot of afterbody of traveling vehicle frame, has the discharge position of turning over and is seated in the operating position on the traveling vehicle frame.
In the utility model electric cleaning car, adopt tabular strainer, and tabular strainer can be mounted to the negative pressure box with plugging from the outside of negative pressure box, so convenient tabular strainer is carried out disassembly, cleaning, to improve its filter effect and to increase the service life.
Except top described purpose, characteristic and advantage, other purpose, characteristic and the advantage that the utlity model has are with combining accompanying drawing to do further detailed explanation.
Description of drawings
Constitute the preferred embodiment that the part of this manual, the accompanying drawing that is used for further understanding the utility model show the utility model, and be used for explaining the principle of the utility model with manual.Among the figure:
Fig. 1 shows the structural representation according to the electric cleaning car of utility model;
Fig. 2 shows the structural representation of the negative pressure box of electric cleaning car shown in Figure 1 at rollover states;
Fig. 3 shows the stereochemical structure according to the electric cleaning car of the utility model embodiment;
Fig. 4 shows the plenum chamber of electric cleaning car shown in Figure 1 and the schematic layout pattern of two air exhausters;
Fig. 5 shows the schematic layout pattern of clearing apparatus on traveling vehicle frame of the described electric cleaning car of Fig. 1;
Fig. 6 shows the partial structurtes of the clearing apparatus of electric cleaning car shown in Figure 1;
Fig. 7 shows the viewgraph of cross-section of the negative pressure box of electric cleaning car shown in Figure 1;
Fig. 8 shows the enlarged diagram of the local A of electric cleaning car shown in Figure 7;
Fig. 9 shows the filter installing structure exploded view in the negative pressure box shown in Figure 7; And
Figure 10 shows the stereochemical structure of translation mechanism of the valve of electric cleaning car shown in Figure 1.
Description of reference numerals
10 traveling vehicle frames, 11 driver's cabins
12 installing spaces, 13 device spaces
14 pivots, 15 lifting mechanisms
20 Pneumatic conveyers 21 are inhaled and are picked up mouth
211 rollers, 212 guide peg groups
213 lifting mechanisms, 22 negative pressure boxs
221 upper boxes, 222 lower boxes
223 tabular strainer 224 suction garbage can doors
225 snap closes, 226 outer walls
227 exhaust funnels, 23 sweep-up pipes
24 plenum chambers 25 blower fan of bleeding
26 electric door locks, 261 latch hooks
27 valves, 28 ventilators
29 translation mechanisms, 291 drive motors
292 gears, 293 tooth bars
294 leading truck 24a air inlet ports
22a exhaust opening 30 clearing apparatus
31 electronic circle brush 32 cantilever shalvings
321 fixed arms, 322 length adjustment arms
323 mounting blocks, 33 mount pads
34 fabric width governor motions, 35 curved pull bars
36 drivers, 50 mounting structures
51 guide rail brackets 511 first support guide groove
512 second support guide groove 513 guide rollers
52 vibrating grids, 521 pressing plates
53 first seal gaskets, 54 second seal gaskets.
The specific embodiment
Embodiment to the utility model is elaborated below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, but the multitude of different ways that the utility model can be defined by the claims and cover is implemented.
Fig. 1 to Fig. 3 shows the structure according to the electric cleaning car of the utility model one embodiment.To shown in Figure 3, electric cleaning car comprises traveling vehicle frame 10, is arranged on Pneumatic conveyer 20 and clearing apparatus 30 on the traveling vehicle frame like Fig. 1.
Wherein, Pneumatic conveyer 20 comprises: inhale and pick up mouth 21, be positioned at the lower front of traveling vehicle frame 10; Negative pressure box 22 is positioned at above the rear portion of traveling vehicle frame 10, and it comprises upper box 221, lower box 222, the tabular strainer 223 of upper box 221 and lower box 222 at interval; Sweep-up pipe 23, one ends connect suction and pick up mouth 21, other end connection lower box 222, pick up diagonally extending between mouth 21 and the lower box 222 in suction; Plenum chamber 24 links to each other with two blower fans 25 of bleeding, and wherein, this plenum chamber 24 links to each other with upper box 221.
Compare with vertically arranged admission pipe, in the utility model, admission pipe is and is in tilted layout, and rubbish is upwards carried in the admission pipe medium dip, and when carrying rubbish to the equal height of equal in quality, required suction is littler than the vertical transport.So, when the suction of the suction of the admission pipe that is in tilted layout and vertically arranged admission pipe was identical, the admission pipe that is in tilted layout can be inhaled and pick up and carry the bigger rubbish of quality, and the suction of rubbish is picked up efficient and obtained raising.Preferably, suction pipe bevel 45 degree are placed, to improve conveying capacity.
The exhaust opening that is connected in negative pressure box with the blower fan of will bleeding is compared; In the utility model, set up plenum chamber, the air inlet port of plenum chamber links to each other with the exhaust opening of negative pressure box; The layout of blower fan of bleeding is flexible; Can utilize the bleed blower fan of space layout more than two or two of negative pressure box bottom,, and allow negative pressure box to turn over to dump rubbish with the bigger suction of formation.
Traveling vehicle frame 10 has driver's cabin 11, and this driver's cabin 11 is preferably the driver's cabin of sealing, and air-conditioning is set, and thinks that the environmental sanitation personnel provide comfortable working environment, and dust is polluted.
Fig. 4 shows the plenum chamber of electric cleaning car shown in Figure 1 and the schematic layout pattern of two air exhausters.As shown in Figure 4, plenum chamber 24 and is fixedly mounted on the back of driver's cabin 11 between driver's cabin and negative pressure box in the installing space 12, and two blower fans 25 of bleeding are arranged on the traveling vehicle frame 10, are positioned at the lower part equipment space 13 of negative pressure box 22.Ventilator 28 also is arranged in the device space 13, and plenum chamber 24 and connection flexible pipe b1 and the connection flexible pipe (not shown) between valve 27 and the ventilator 28 of bleeding between the blower fan 25 are arranged in the installing space 12 between driver's cabin 11 and the negative pressure box 22.
Negative pressure box 22 has the outer wall 226 that docks with driver's cabin 11 hermetic seals, and outer wall 226 extends around installing space 12, and exhaust funnel 227 is formed on the top of outer wall 22b, and the gas that the blower fan 25 of bleeding is discharged is through installing space 12 exhaust funnel 227 eliminatings from the top.This exhaust funnel 227 makes the direction of exhaust towards the tailstock, and dirt catcher can be installed.
As shown in Figure 2; Negative pressure box 22 is articulated on the pivot 14 of afterbody of traveling vehicle frame 10; Have the discharge position P1 that turns over and be seated in the operating position P2 on the traveling vehicle frame; The air inlet port 24a of this plenum chamber 24 and the exhaust opening 22a of negative pressure box 22 hermetic seal when the operating position lump together, and when negative pressure box 22 upsets, throw off each other.
In the device space 13 of negative pressure box 22 bottoms, be provided with lifting mechanism 15, through elongating or shortening of this lifting mechanism is set, negative pressure box 22 can turn to discharge position automatically by the operating position, realizes automatic discharging.
Be provided with suction garbage can door 224 at the rear portion of negative pressure box 22, the upper articulation of this suction garbage can door 224 is locked through electric door lock 26 in negative pressure box 22 upper and lower parts.When negative pressure box 22 when turning under the effect of lifting mechanism 15 to discharge position, the locking that the latch hook of electric door lock 26 261 is removed the snap close 225 of suction garbage can door 224, suction garbage can door 224 is opened, so that rubbish is toppled over downwards.When negative pressure box 22 was positioned at the operating position, the latch hook 261 of electric door lock 26 stretched in the snap close 225, realized automatic locking.
Suction garbage can door of the present invention adopts exclusive automatic opening and closing mechanism, conveniently tips rubbish.
Fig. 5 shows the schematic layout pattern of clearing apparatus on traveling vehicle frame of the described electric cleaning car of Fig. 1, and Fig. 6 shows the partial structurtes of the clearing apparatus of electric cleaning car shown in Figure 1.In conjunction with reference to Fig. 5 and Fig. 6; Clearing apparatus 30 comprises and is arranged in the two electronic circle brushes 31 and the cantilever shalving 32 that supports each electronic circle brush of inhaling the left and right sides pick up mouth 21 the place aheads; This cantilever shalving 32 comprises the fixed arm that extends in parallel 321 and length adjustment arm 322 and the mounting blocks 323 that is articulated with the end of fixed arm 321 and length adjustment arm 322, and electronic circle brush 31 is fixedly connected on the mounting blocks 323.
When the length of manual adjustments length adjustment arm 322, the pitch attitude of mounting blocks 323 changes thereupon, so can change the operating attitude of electronic circle brush.Compare with the mounting structure of prior electric circle brush 31, electronic circle brush 31 jitter phenomenon when work has reduced.
Two cantilever shalvings 32 are articulated on the mount pad 33, and through the angle between the fabric width governor motion 34 regulated quantity cantilever shalvings 32, thereby the working width of change electric cleaning car.
Preferably, fabric width governor motion 34 comprises and is positioned at cantilever shalving 32 inboards, is hinged on two curved pull bars 35 on two cantilever shalvings, and the other end that drives two curved pull bars 35 follows away the driver 36 that the length direction of vehicle frame moves back and forth.This driver 36 can be realized that leading screw rotates by screw pair, drives nut and moves forward and backward, and make two curved pull bars 35 and the same moved further of nut.
Mount pad 33 is articulated on the traveling vehicle frame 10; Preferably, the middle part on the length direction of traveling vehicle frame of mount pad 33 is articulated on the traveling vehicle frame 10, and its drive-connecting shaft line parallel is in the width of traveling vehicle frame 10; So; When mount pad 33 swung up and down around the pivot joint axis, two cantilever shalvings 32 are pitch regulation thereupon, to regulate the operating attitude of electronic circle brush.
The both sides, bottom that mouth 21 is picked up in suction are provided with roller 211, are attached on the ground and roll, and in addition, suction is picked up mouth 21 and linked to each other with lifting mechanism 213 with guide peg group 212, pick up operating position that mouth is in and fit in ground or the overhead positions of lifting so that make to inhale.
Suction is picked up mouth 21 and preferably is placed on apart from 38cm place, electronic round brush center, can the rubbish and the dust of brush cleaning all be sopped up, and reduces dust polluting environment.Preferably, mount pad 33 drives electronic circle brush 31 and picks up mouth 21 1 liftings with suction.
In the utility model, preferably adopt flat tabular strainer 223, and tabular strainer 223 can be mounted to the negative pressure box from the outside of negative pressure box with plugging, with cleaning for convenience detach.
Particularly, open the suction garbage can door on the rear wall of negative pressure box, negative pressure box can extracted or insert to tabular strainer.After suction garbage can door was closed, the installation access of tabular strainer also was closed immediately.
Fig. 8 to Figure 10 shows tabular filter installing structure 50., be provided with the guide rail bracket 51 that supports said tabular strainer in the negative pressure box and apply the vibrating grid 52 of vibration to tabular strainer 223 to shown in Figure 10 like Fig. 8, wherein, vibrating grid 52 links to each other with the vibrator (not shown).
The first support guide groove 511 and second that guide rail bracket 51 has at the said tabular strainer of width supported on both sides of said tabular strainer supports guide groove 512, and first, second supports in guide groove and is provided with guide roller 513.
Vibrating grid 52 has the pressing plate 521 that extends in the frame over top of said tabular strainer, and the side in the face of said tabular strainer in the face of being provided with first seal gasket, 53 said pressing plates between the side of said guide rail bracket of said pressing plate is provided with second seal gasket 54.
When needs are dismantled tabular strainer 223, from guide rail bracket 51, pull out tabular strainer and get final product.When needs are installed tabular strainer 223; Make tabular strainer aim at the construction opening of guide rail bracket, push inward tabular strainer, then tabular strainer is under the guide effect of guide roller 513; Entering installs and fixes the position, and second seal gasket 54 contacts with tabular strainer all the time and is sealed and matched.
Figure 10 shows the stereochemical structure of translation mechanism of the valve of electric cleaning car shown in Figure 1; Shown in figure 10, translation mechanism 29 is made up of the rack-and-pinion that is installed on the leading truck 294, wherein; The tooth bar 293 that gear 292 is installed on the output shaft of drive motors 291, upper box 221 is provided with and gear 292 meshes; When drive motors 291 rotated, drive motors 291 driven wheels 292 rotated, and drive drive motors 291 and move along leading truck 294 straight lines with valve 27.
Particularly; The position corresponding to tabular strainer both sides of negative pressure box 22 is provided with the guide rail (not shown), and tabular strainer 223 is movably along guide rail, when opening the suction garbage can door 224 of negative pressure box 22; Tabular strainer can shift out from negative pressure box 22, cleans.
In upper box 221, also be provided with valve 27; This valve 27 links to each other through the flexible pipe (not shown) with ventilator 28 (shown in Fig. 4); Valve 27 moves back and forth with the length direction of translation mechanism 29 at upper box 221, with will be attached to the rubbish on the tabular strainer 223 and the dust tabular strainer 223 that blows off.
In the utility model, when tabular filter bits when negative pressure box is inner, can adopt to tabular strainer to apply vibration and utilize valve 27 to come dedusting, to obtain dust removing effects preferably to tabular strainer this two kinds of means of oppositely blowing.In addition, can also regularly tabular strainer be disassembled from negative pressure box and clean, with the dust removing effects and the application life of improving tabular strainer.
The cleaning process of the electric cleaning car of the utility model is following: rubbish is concentrated rubbish to deliver to inhale through two electronic circle brushes 31 and is picked up mouth 21 places, and suction is picked up mouth 21 and linked to each other with sweep-up pipe 23, and rubbish is delivered in the lower box (being dustbin) 222 of negative pressure box by sweep-up pipe 23.
Because the big suction of volume of lower box 222 reduces; Rubbish breaks away from air-flow and drops in lower box 222 bottoms; Tabular strainer 223 is clean with the air filtration in the lower box 222; And through plenum chamber 24 air is divided into two strands of air-flows, deliver to two bleed blower fan 25, two bleed blower fan 25 with the air-flow upset after the exhaust funnel 227 at top discharge to tailstock direction.
The preferred embodiment that the above is merely the utility model is not limited to the utility model, and for a person skilled in the art, the utility model can have various changes and variation.All within the spirit and principle of the utility model, any modification of being done, be equal to replacement, improvement etc., all should be included within the protection domain of the utility model.