CN202177736U - Automatic straight-arranged metallographic microscope - Google Patents

Automatic straight-arranged metallographic microscope Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202177736U
CN202177736U CN2011202542961U CN201120254296U CN202177736U CN 202177736 U CN202177736 U CN 202177736U CN 2011202542961 U CN2011202542961 U CN 2011202542961U CN 201120254296 U CN201120254296 U CN 201120254296U CN 202177736 U CN202177736 U CN 202177736U
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China
Prior art keywords
platen
fixed
nosepiece
stepper motor
photoelectric sensor
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN2011202542961U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
萧泽新
邓仕超
于新业
孟庆新
肖华鹏
赵莹莹
柴华昕
张雪飞
李鹏
肖冉
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Guilin University of Electronic Technology
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Guilin University of Electronic Technology
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Priority to CN2011202542961U priority Critical patent/CN202177736U/en
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Publication of CN202177736U publication Critical patent/CN202177736U/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
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Abstract

Provided is an automatic straight-arranged metallographic microscope which comprises a lens barrel, a lens arm, a workbench, an object lens, a light source stand and a circuit board. A CCD interface is disposed on the top of the lens barrel. The workbench is a triaxial linkage workbench composed of an X-direction plate, a Y-direction plate and a Z-direction plate which are respectively controlled by an X-direction stepping motor, a Y-direction stepping motor and a Z-direction stepping motor. The object lens is arranged on an object lens converter controlled by a W-axis stepping motor. A single-chip microcomputer circuit is disposed on the circuit board inside the microscope, wherein the single-chip microcomputer circuit can be used for receiving instructions of a PC, processing light sources and adjusting the light sources in a digitalized manner. According to the automatic straight-arranged metallographic microscope, electric adjustment for X direction, Y direction and Z direction of the workbench and electric switching of the lens are controlled by a computer, the position of an object stage can be controlled, the position of the object lens converter can be detected, images can be collected by the digitalized CCD and displayed on the computer, and requirements for a remote network experiment are satisfied.

Description

Automatic upright metallurgical microscope
Technical field
The utility model relates to microscope, specifically is a kind of automatic upright metallurgical microscope.
Background technology
At present, traditional automatic upright metallurgical microscope structure by diopter adjusting ring, eyepiece, change times regulator, focusing handwheel, epi-illuminator, object lens, end tight handwheel, worktable, Microscope base, transmitted light seat, catoptron adjusting knob and form.Metallographic sample is placed on the worktable, regulates light-source brightness, rotate change times regulator and carry out the conversion of object lens multiplying power, the rotation focusing handwheel carries out manual focusing, can observe the surface structure and the tissue morphology of metallographic specimen after focusing is clear.
There is following problem in present automatic upright metallurgical microscope:
Though 1, light-source brightness is adjustable, lacks brightness intuitively and show.
2, worktable X, Y, Z have had certain electronic control, but can not realize freely changing and automatic focusing of object lens.
3, the electronic opertaing device that adopts is expensive, technical sophistication, thus cause equipment price expensive.
Summary of the invention
In order to improve automaticity, realize the intuitive and convenient of automatic upright metallurgical microscope operation, and realize the telecommunication network application that the utility model provides a kind of new automatic upright metallurgical microscope.
The automatic upright metallurgical microscope of the utility model; Comprise lens barrel, handel, worktable, object lens, light source base, circuit board; At the lens barrel top CCD interface is set; The three-shaft linkage worktable that the X that worktable is controlled respectively to stepper motor to stepper motor, Z to stepper motor, Y by X forms to platen to platen, Z to platen, Y; Object lens are installed on the Nosepiece by W shaft step motor control, can receive the PC instruction and handle and light source is carried out the single chip circuit that digitizing regulates to be arranged in the circuit board in the microscope.
Above-mentioned three-shaft linkage worktable be followed successively by from bottom to up Z to platen, Y to platen, X to platen; Be provided with spherical guide between three blocks of platens, Z is arranged on the handel to stepper motor, and X is arranged on the side edge of Y to platen to stepper motor; Y is arranged on Z to the platen downside to platen; Z is connected with the stationary table frame to platen, and Z is provided with trimming hand wheel to stepper motor output shaft axle head, and Z is provided with gear and the tooth bar engagement that is arranged on the handel guide rail slide block to the stepper motor output shaft; The stationary table frame connects through slide block and vertical handel guide rail; Y is provided with control hand wheel to an end of stepper motor output shaft, and Y is connected with helical screw through shaft coupling to the other end of stepper motor output shaft, and is fixed on the nut of Z on platen and meshes; X is provided with control hand wheel to an end of stepper motor output shaft, X to the other end of stepper motor output shaft through the screw mandrel that connects be arranged on the nut engagement of X on platen.
For limit better X to platen, Y to the motion of platen, Z to platen; The utility model have restriction X to platen, Y to platen, Z to the photoelectric sensor catch of platen motion and supporting left and right sides extreme position photoelectric sensor, front and back extreme position photoelectric sensor, high-low limit photoelectric sensor for position thereof; X is fixed on X on platen to the photoelectric sensor catch; The limit on the left photoelectric sensor for position be fixed on Y to the platen side along the left side; The limit on the right-right-hand limit photoelectric sensor for position be fixed on Y to the platen side along the right, Y is fixed on Y to the platen bottom side to the photoelectric sensor catch, preceding extreme position photoelectric sensor is fixed on Z to platen bottom side front end; Back extreme position photoelectric sensor is fixed on Z to rear end, platen bottom side; Z is fixed on platen seat side to the photoelectric sensor catch, and the limes superiors photoelectric sensor for position is fixed on top, handel side through the Nosepiece fixing rack for sensor, and the smallest limit photoelectric sensor for position is fixed on bottom, handel side by the Nosepiece fixing rack for sensor.
The utility model is fixed on Nosepiece on the light source base; The W shaft step motor is fixed on the center bottom of light source base through supporting base; A fixing small synchronous pulley on the W shaft step motor axle; Big synchronous pulley is fixed on the Nosepiece side, and big synchronous pulley is connected through being with synchronously with small synchronous pulley.On Nosepiece, settle the Nosepiece sensor; The Nosepiece sensor is fixed on the middle part of Nosepiece fixing rack for sensor; The Nosepiece fixing rack for sensor is fixed on the bottom of light source base, and Nosepiece sensor washer is fixed on the Nosepiece upper end-face edge.
The utility model the Lights section adopts chip microcontroller digitizing light modulation; (three-shaft linkage is the link gear of X Y Z working plate, and four axle linkages are the X, Y, Z of Control work platform electronic switchings to motorized adjustment and camera lens to adopt four axle linkage modes.), can issue an order the X, Y, Z of Control work platform to the electronic switching of motorized adjustment and camera lens to single-chip microcomputer through computing machine; Use photoelectric sensor that objective table is carried out position control, can satisfy the telecommunication network experimental requirements, effectively prevent the maloperation in the motion process simultaneously, the protection instrument.Use photoelectric sensor that Nosepiece is carried out initial position and detect, reduce the cumulative errors of Nosepiece rotation; The CCD interface that is provided with can show on computers through digitizing CCD images acquired, and realize automatic focusing.
In a word, the automatic upright metallurgical microscope of the utility model:
1, automaticity improves greatly, utilizes stepper motor to realize X, Y, the rotation of Z axle and the automatic conversion of Nosepiece, has made things convenient for various focusing operations.
2, automatic focusing is accurate, and speed is fast, utilizes stepper motor to realize moving horizontally of objective table, and control accuracy is high; Through the vertical focusing of stepper motor, realize automatic focusing, controlled progress is high.
3, handling safety, but owing to adopted photoelectric limit switch to make the correctness that moves the opereating specification in the process with automatic focusing at objective table be guaranteed, reduced maloperation effectively.
4, the utility model cost performance is high, and home products is 3 ~ 60,000 yuan, and this product price probably is 1.5 ten thousand yuan.Be starkly lower than similar products at home and abroad, have high cost performance.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the thematic structure synoptic diagram of the automatic upright metallurgical microscope of the utility model;
Fig. 2 is the Mechatronic control system synoptic diagram of the utility model.
Embodiment
See that Fig. 1 combines Fig. 2.
At lens barrel 2 tops CCD1 is set; It under the CCD1 CCD interface 14; The three-shaft linkage worktable that the X that worktable is controlled respectively to stepper motor 10 to stepper motor 7, Z to stepper motor 3, Y by X forms to platen 6 to platen 5, Z to platen 11, Y; Object lens are installed on the Nosepiece 4 by W shaft step motor 28 control, can receive the PC instruction and handle and light source is carried out the single-chip microcomputer 9 that digitizing regulates to be arranged in the circuit board in the microscope.
The X of worktable, Y, Z each to motorized adjustment mechanism mainly to act on be to carry out automatic focusing.Described control gear comprise three-shaft linkage worktable, X to stepper motor 3, Y to stepper motor 7, Z to stepper motor 10, stationary table frame 33, X feed screw nut 29, Y feed screw nut 15 and control hand wheel; The three-shaft linkage worktable is combined to working plate 6 to working plate 5, Z to working plate 11, Y by X; Be followed successively by from bottom to up Z to working plate 6, Y to working plate 5, X to working plate 11; Be provided with spherical guide 24 between three blocks of platens; Z is arranged on the handel 12 to stepper motor 10, and X is arranged on the side edge of Y to working plate 5 to stepper motor 3, and Y is arranged on Z to working plate 6 downsides to working plate 7; Z is connected with stationary table frame 33 to working plate 6; Z is provided with trimming hand wheel to stepper motor 10 output shaft axle heads; Axle is provided with gear and the tooth bar engagement that is arranged on the handel 12 guide rail slide blocks; Stationary table frame 33 connects through slide block and vertical handel 12 guide rails, and Z drives the guide rail slide block to stepper motor 10 and moves to the Z direction, and the Z that realizes whole worktable is to moving; Y is provided with Y to control hand wheel to an end of working plate 7 output shafts; The other end is connected with helical screw through shaft coupling; Mesh with being fixed on the nut of Z on working plate 6, Y makes Y direction to feed screw nut 15 and X to stepper motor 3 to working plate 11, Y to working plate 5, X to working plate 7 rotation drive Y and moves; X links to each other through spherical guide 24 to working plate 5 with Y to working plate 11; X is provided with X to control hand wheel to an end of stepper motor 3; The other end is connected with screw mandrel and is arranged on the nut engagement of X on working plate 11, X to stepper motor 3 rotate drive X to working plate 11, be fixed on the fixed head of the specimen holder of X on working plate 11, microslide and sample and move as directions X.
X is fixed on X on platen 11 to photoelectric sensor catch 23; Limit on the left photoelectric sensor for position 22 be fixed on Y to platen 5 sides along the left side; Limit on the right-right-hand limit photoelectric sensor for position (not marking among the figure) be fixed on Y to platen 5 sides along the right; Y is fixed on Y to platen 5 bottom sides to photoelectric sensor catch 17; Preceding extreme position photoelectric sensor 16 is fixed on Z to platen 6 bottom side front ends, and back extreme position photoelectric sensor 18 is fixed on Z to rear end, platen 6 bottom side, and Z is fixed on platen seat side to photoelectric sensor catch 20; Limes superiors photoelectric sensor for position 11 is fixed on top, handel 12 side through Nosepiece fixing rack for sensor 31, and smallest limit photoelectric sensor for position 19 is fixed on bottom, handel 12 side by Nosepiece fixing rack for sensor 31.
Nosepiece 4 is used to install object lens, is fixed on light source base 12, and the axial stepper motor 28 of W is fixed on the center bottom of light source base 12 through supporting base, a fixing small synchronous pulley 27 on the motor shaft; Big synchronous pulley (not marking among the figure) is fixed on Nosepiece 4 sides, and big synchronous pulley is connected through being with synchronously with small synchronous pulley 27.4 settle Nosepiece sensor 30 on Nosepiece; Nosepiece sensor 30 is fixed on the middle part of Nosepiece fixing rack for sensor 31; Nosepiece fixing rack for sensor 31 is fixed on the bottom of light source base 12, and object lens sensor washer 32 is fixed on Nosepiece 4 upper end-face edges.
The automatic upright metallurgical microscope operational process of the utility model is following: host computer (PC) start, slave computer 9 (single-chip microcomputer) start; Host computer (PC) and slave computer 9 link to each other through data line.Sample is placed on the microslide; Slave computer 9 carries out initial position according to 30 pairs of Nosepieces of Nosepiece sensor 4 and detects, and slave computer 9 is after receiving the reset request of host computer, and the axial stepper motor 28 of control W rotates; Drive Nosepiece 4 and turn to initial position; The axial stepper motor 28 of W stops, and Z rotates to stepper motor 10, and worktable is to motion up and down; Z stops to stepper motor 10, and completion resets; Slave computer 9 is after request is regulated in a left side that receives host computer (right side); Control X rotates to stepper motor 3; Sample with microslide be fixed on the fixed head of sample clipping plate and the specimen holder of X on platen 11, X moves to platen 11 left sides (right side); When X touches the surveyed area of a left side (right side) extreme position photoelectric sensor 22 (not marking the limit on the right-right-hand limit photoelectric sensor for position among the figure) to photoelectric sensor catch 23; A left side (right side) limit position sensor 22 (not marking the limit on the right-right-hand limit photoelectric sensor for position among the figure) sends signal and gives slave computer 9, and slave computer 9 control X stop to stepper motor 3; Slave computer 9 is after request is regulated in preceding (back) that receive host computer; Control Y rotates to platen 7; Sample and Y to platen 5, X to platen 11 together before (back) motion; When Y before photoelectric sensor catch 17 touches (after) surveyed area of limit photoelectrical position sensor 16 (18), preceding (back) limit photoelectrical position sensor 16 (18) sends signals and gives slave computer 9, slave computer 9 control Y stop to platen 7; Slave computer 9 is after the focusing request that receives host computer; Slave computer 9 sends to host computer and detects application and control Z rotates to stepper motor 10, and host computer receives to detect and begins to carry out image data acquiring and image recognition behind the application signal and testing result is shown; Before host computer begins Flame Image Process, need according on once the result of image recognition send the focusing signal to slave computer 9; Slave computer 9 control Z are to stepper motor 10 rotatings; With " hill climbing " search out the most clearly object lens once as, Z stops to stepper motor 10, focusing is accomplished; When Z touches the surveyed area of (descending) extreme position photoelectric sensor 21 (19) to photoelectric sensor catch 20, to go up (descend) limit photoelectrical position sensor 21 (19) and send signals and give slave computer 9, slave computer 9 is controlled Z and is stopped to stepper motor 10.

Claims (5)

1. automatic upright metallurgical microscope; Comprise lens barrel, mirror post, object lens, light source base, circuit board; It is characterized in that: the lens barrel top is provided with the CCD interface; The three-shaft linkage worktable that the X that worktable is controlled respectively to stepper motor to stepper motor, Z to stepper motor, Y by X forms to platen to platen, Z to platen, Y; Object lens are installed on the Nosepiece by W shaft step motor control, can receive the PC instruction and handle and light source is carried out the single chip circuit that digitizing regulates to be arranged in the circuit board in the microscope.
2. automatic upright metallurgical microscope according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the three-shaft linkage worktable be followed successively by from bottom to up Z to platen, Y to platen, X to platen, be provided with spherical guide between three blocks of platens; Z is arranged on the handel to stepper motor; X is arranged on the side edge of Y to platen to stepper motor, and Y is arranged on Z to the platen downside to platen, and Z is connected with the stationary table frame to platen; Z is provided with trimming hand wheel to stepper motor output shaft axle head; Z is provided with gear and the tooth bar engagement that is arranged on the handel guide rail slide block to the stepper motor output shaft, and the stationary table frame connects through slide block and vertical handel guide rail, and Y is provided with control hand wheel to an end of stepper motor output shaft; Y is connected with helical screw through shaft coupling to the other end of stepper motor output shaft; Be fixed on the nut engagement of Z on platen, X is provided with control hand wheel to an end of stepper motor output shaft, X to the other end of stepper motor output shaft through the screw mandrel that connects be arranged on the nut engagement of X on platen.
3. automatic upright metallurgical microscope according to claim 1 and 2; It is characterized in that: have restriction X to platen, Y to platen, Z to the photoelectric sensor catch of platen motion and supporting left and right sides extreme position photoelectric sensor, front and back extreme position photoelectric sensor, high-low limit photoelectric sensor for position thereof; X is fixed on X on platen to the photoelectric sensor catch; The limit on the left photoelectric sensor for position be fixed on Y to the platen side along the left side; The limit on the right-right-hand limit photoelectric sensor for position be fixed on Y to the platen side along the right, Y is fixed on Y to the platen bottom side to the photoelectric sensor catch, preceding extreme position photoelectric sensor is fixed on Z to platen bottom side front end; Back extreme position photoelectric sensor is fixed on Z to rear end, platen bottom side; Z is fixed on platen seat side to the photoelectric sensor catch, and the limes superiors photoelectric sensor for position is fixed on top, handel side through the Nosepiece fixing rack for sensor, and the smallest limit photoelectric sensor for position is fixed on bottom, handel side by the Nosepiece fixing rack for sensor.
4. automatic upright metallurgical microscope according to claim 1; It is characterized in that: Nosepiece is fixed on the light source base; The W shaft step motor is fixed on the center bottom of light source base through supporting base; A fixing small synchronous pulley on the W shaft step motor axle, big synchronous pulley is fixed on the Nosepiece side, and big synchronous pulley is connected through being with synchronously with small synchronous pulley.
5. according to claim 1 or 3 described automatic upright metallurgical microscopes; It is characterized in that: settle the Nosepiece sensor on the Nosepiece; The Nosepiece sensor is fixed on the middle part of Nosepiece fixing rack for sensor; The Nosepiece fixing rack for sensor is fixed on the bottom of light source base, and Nosepiece sensor washer is fixed on the Nosepiece upper end-face edge.
CN2011202542961U 2011-07-19 2011-07-19 Automatic straight-arranged metallographic microscope Expired - Fee Related CN202177736U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011202542961U CN202177736U (en) 2011-07-19 2011-07-19 Automatic straight-arranged metallographic microscope

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011202542961U CN202177736U (en) 2011-07-19 2011-07-19 Automatic straight-arranged metallographic microscope

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102253483A (en) * 2011-07-19 2011-11-23 桂林电子科技大学 Automatic upright metallurgical microscope
CN103399398A (en) * 2013-07-30 2013-11-20 济南华天恒达科技有限公司 Automatically-focused microscope
CN105911311A (en) * 2016-07-05 2016-08-31 北京工业大学 In-situ test system and method for mechanical properties of nano material
CN107505698A (en) * 2017-07-17 2017-12-22 中国家用电器研究院 A kind of biological identification counting device and method
CN112945957A (en) * 2021-02-08 2021-06-11 郑州中普医疗器械有限公司 High-precision microscopic scanning platform capable of automatically loading slide
CN113189764A (en) * 2021-05-18 2021-07-30 哈尔滨工业大学(深圳) Optical intelligent microscope device

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102253483A (en) * 2011-07-19 2011-11-23 桂林电子科技大学 Automatic upright metallurgical microscope
CN103399398A (en) * 2013-07-30 2013-11-20 济南华天恒达科技有限公司 Automatically-focused microscope
CN103399398B (en) * 2013-07-30 2015-07-15 济南华天恒达科技有限公司 Automatically-focused microscope
CN105911311A (en) * 2016-07-05 2016-08-31 北京工业大学 In-situ test system and method for mechanical properties of nano material
CN107505698A (en) * 2017-07-17 2017-12-22 中国家用电器研究院 A kind of biological identification counting device and method
CN107505698B (en) * 2017-07-17 2024-01-12 中国家用电器研究院 Biological identification counting device and method
CN112945957A (en) * 2021-02-08 2021-06-11 郑州中普医疗器械有限公司 High-precision microscopic scanning platform capable of automatically loading slide
CN112945957B (en) * 2021-02-08 2024-05-14 郑州中普医疗器械有限公司 High-precision microscopic scanning platform capable of automatically loading slide
CN113189764A (en) * 2021-05-18 2021-07-30 哈尔滨工业大学(深圳) Optical intelligent microscope device

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GR01 Patent grant
C17 Cessation of patent right
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20120328

Termination date: 20120719