CN202174949U - Double drive solar charging electric vehicle - Google Patents

Double drive solar charging electric vehicle Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202174949U
CN202174949U CN201120276596XU CN201120276596U CN202174949U CN 202174949 U CN202174949 U CN 202174949U CN 201120276596X U CN201120276596X U CN 201120276596XU CN 201120276596 U CN201120276596 U CN 201120276596U CN 202174949 U CN202174949 U CN 202174949U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
controller
electrical motor
battery
storage battery
compartment
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201120276596XU
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
田惠庆
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田惠庆
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Priority to CN201120276596XU priority Critical patent/CN202174949U/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/70Energy storage systems for electromobility, e.g. batteries

Abstract

The utility model relates to an electric vehicle, and particularly relates to a double drive solar charging electric vehicle. The electric vehicle comprises a front wheel, a driver's seat, a compartment, and a back wheel, the compartment is disposed at the back part of the driver's seat, the upper part of the compartment is provided with a solar panel, the solar panel is fixedly connected with the compartment via a supporting rack, wherein, the front wheel of the electric vehicle is provided with an electromotor driving the front wheel to operate, the lower part of the driver's seat is provided with an internal combustion engine driving the back wheel to operate, the internal of the compartment is provided with an accumulator box, an accumulator is disposed in the accumulator box, the electromotor is provided with charging and discharging circuits, and is connected with the accumulator via the charging circuit. The double drive solar charging electric vehicle is advantaged by small oil consumption, less environmental pollution, long operation distance, and very convenient charging.

Description

Two driving solar recharging battery-driven cars
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of battery-driven car, especially a kind of two solar recharging battery-driven cars that drive.
Background technology
Existing motor bike, three-wheel vehicle and automobile adopt traditional fuel mode as vehicle-mounted power mostly, and its shortcoming is that oil consumption is high, and because gasoline combustion is incomplete, very easily causes serious tail gas pollution.Especially along with rising violently of oil price in recent years, cause the over-the-road expense of traditional fuel oil power car increasingly high.In order to solve environmental protection and power saving, reduce operating cost simultaneously, battery-driven car has appearred on the market.In actual use, battery-driven car also exists following defective: at first, the battery-driven car cost is high, and the on-vehicle battery consumption is very big, so the cost of battery-driven car is high always; The second, mostly on-vehicle battery is storage battery, and battery age is short, and under power causes the range ability of battery-driven car limited, and battery needs long-time charging simultaneously, and leaving in the long journey way, residence can't fast charge, so its charging is very inconvenient; The 3rd, storage battery itself also can pollute environment.
The utility model content
The purpose of the utility model is to have proposed a kind of two solar recharging battery-driven car that drives, and this battery-driven car consumption of fuel is few, and environmental pollution is little, and range ability is long, and it is very convenient to charge.
The utility model is that the technical scheme below adopting realizes: a kind of two solar recharging battery-driven cars that drive, comprise front-wheel, operator's saddle, compartment and trailing wheel, and the compartment is positioned at the rear portion of operator's saddle; The top in compartment is provided with solar panel, and solar panel is captiveed joint with the compartment through bracing frame, wherein; The front-wheel place of this battery-driven car is provided with the electrical motor that drives the front-wheel operation; The below of operator's saddle is provided with the combustion engine that drives the trailing wheel operation, is provided with storage battery box in the compartment, and storage battery is arranged in the storage battery box; Described electrical motor place is provided with charge-discharge circuit, and electrical motor is connected with storage battery through charge circuit.
In the utility model, described combustion engine adopts stroke piston combustion engine, and the piston place of combustion engine is provided with magne to coil, and magne to coil is connected with storage battery through rectifying circuit.
Described solar panel is through diode, amperemeter/ammtr and overcharge on off controller and be connected with two group storage batteries; Be connected in series with the second switch controller between two group storage batteries; First on off controller and first group storage battery and second switch controller are connected in parallel, and the 3rd on off controller and second group storage battery and second switch controller are connected in parallel.
Described on off controller also can be replaced by linear controller.
Said electrical motor is for having brush during electrical motor, and the charge-discharge circuit at electrical motor place is that an end of electrical motor is connected with the positive pole of storage battery with diode through the 4th on off controller, current-limiting resistance, should hold simultaneously also to pass through the 5th controller and be connected with controller; The other end of electrical motor is connected with the negative pole of storage battery through the minion gateway controller, should also be connected with controller through the 6th on off controller by end simultaneously.
When said electrical motor was brushless motor, the charge-discharge circuit at electrical motor place was that three stator winding of electrical motor are connected with three-phase full-bridge rectifier through switch respectively, and the two ends of three-phase full-bridge rectifier are connected with storage battery; Simultaneously three stator winding are connected with controller through switch respectively, and wherein three-phase full-bridge rectifier and controller are and are connected in parallel.
The beneficial effect of the utility model is: through electrical motor, combustion engine and solar panel are set on this battery-driven car simultaneously; At first, make this battery-driven car realize going of vehicle, both significantly reduced the consumption of fuel of vehicle through electrical motor and combustion engine; Reduced pollution to environment; Overcome the defective that the range ability of existing battery-driven car is restricted simultaneously, improved the power of battery-driven car, prolonged the range ability of battery-driven car; The second, through the charging of storage battery in electrical motor, combustion engine and the solar panel realization battery-driven car, can charge to storage battery whenever and wherever possible, it is very convenient to charge; The 3rd, this battery-driven car cost is low.In sum, this battery-driven car has realized that hybrid power drives and many charge systems, can be applied to various two take turns, three-wheel and four wheeler.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the utility model;
Fig. 2 is the fundamental diagram of the utility model;
Fig. 3 is the circuit diagram of solar panel in the utility model;
Fig. 4 has brush electrical motor charge-discharge circuit figure among the embodiment 1;
Fig. 5 is brushless motor charge-discharge circuit figure among the embodiment 2.
Among the figure: 1 front-wheel; 2 electrical motors; 3 operator's saddles; 4 combustion engines; 5 storage batterys; 6 storage battery boxs; 7 trailing wheels; 8 bracing frames; 9 compartments; 10 solar panels; A overcharges on off controller; B first on off controller; C second switch controller; D the 3rd on off controller; E the 4th on off controller; F the 5th on off controller; G the 6th on off controller; H minion gateway controller.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing the utility model is further specified.
Embodiment 1
Fig. 1 to Fig. 4 is embodiment 1 described two solar recharging battery-driven cars that drive.This battery-driven car comprises front-wheel 1, handle, operator's saddle 3, compartment 9 and trailing wheel 7, and compartment 9 is positioned at the rear portion of operator's saddle 3.Front-wheel 1 place of this battery-driven car is provided with electrical motor 2, drives front-wheel 1 operation through electrical motor 2.The below of operator's saddle 3 is provided with the closure casing, is provided with combustion engine 4 in the casing, and combustion engine 4 is used to drive trailing wheel 7 operations.Be provided with storage battery box 6 in the compartment 9, storage battery box 6 is closed, and storage battery 5 is arranged in the storage battery box 6.The top in compartment 9 is provided with solar panel 10, and solar panel 10 is captiveed joint with compartment 9 through bracing frame 8, and the top of bracing frame 8 is connected with solar panel 10, and the bottom of bracing frame 8 is connected with compartment 9.
In the utility model, the circuit diagram between solar panel and the storage battery is as shown in Figure 3, and solar panel is through diode, amperemeter/ammtr and overcharge on off controller a and be connected with two group storage batteries.Wherein diode has played the effect that prevents electric current backflow.After the electricity in the storage battery is full of, overcharge on off controller a automatic cutout, prevent that solar panel from continuing as battery charge, prevents accumulator super-charge.Realize series connection and parallel connection exchange through on off controller b, c and d between two group storage batteries; Promptly be connected in series with second switch controller c between two group storage batteries; The first on off controller b and first group storage battery and second switch controller c are connected in parallel; The 3rd on off controller d and second group storage battery and second switch controller c are connected in parallel, and on off controller b and d open and close simultaneously.As shown in Figure 3, when on off controller b and d closed simultaneously, on off controller c opened, and parallel with one another between this moment two storage batterys, solar panel has been realized charged in parallel to two battery charges; When on off controller b and d opened simultaneously, on off controller c closed, series connection each other between two storage batterys, and this moment, solar panel stopped battery charge, and storage battery discharges to electrical motor, thereby makes the operation of direct motor drive front-wheel, has realized discharged in series.In addition, above-mentioned switching mode controller a, b, c and d also can be replaced by linear controller.
Described combustion engine adopts stroke piston combustion engine, and the piston place of combustion engine is provided with magne to coil, and magne to coil is connected with storage battery through rectifying circuit.The magnetic field that meeting and sectioned coil produce in the reciprocating motion of the pistons process produces alternating current, is direct current (DC) through rectifying circuit with AC rectification, thereby is battery charge.
In the present embodiment, described electrical motor is for there being the brush electrical motor, and has brush electrical motor place to be provided with charge-discharge circuit, and electrical motor is connected with storage battery through charge circuit.Electrical motor is slided at vehicle can be used as electrical generator in the process and use through this circuit is set, and be battery charge.This has the charge-discharge circuit of brush electrical motor to be: an end of electrical motor is connected with the positive pole of storage battery with diode through the 4th on off controller e, current-limiting resistance, should also be connected with controller through the 5th controller f by end simultaneously; The other end of electrical motor is connected with the negative pole of storage battery through minion gateway controller h, should also be connected with controller through the 6th on off controller g by end simultaneously.When battery-driven car is in sliding state, electrical motor is not worked, and is as shown in Figure 4, and the 4th on off controller e and minion gateway controller h close, and the 5th on off controller f and the 6th on off controller g open, at this moment, electrical motor as electrical generator to battery charge; When electrical motor was worked, the 5th on off controller f and the 6th on off controller g closed, and the 4th on off controller e and minion gateway controller h open, battery discharging this moment, and, drive the front-wheel walking through the work of controller control motor.
This battery-driven car principle of work in motion is as shown in Figure 2: when this battery-driven car goes by day, can only discharge to electrical motor through storage battery, make 1 walking of direct motor drive front-wheel; Go thereby drive whole electrical motor, when vehicle was in sliding state, electrical motor was not worked; This moment, electrical motor can also be as electrical generator to battery charge; This moment, solar panel 10 can not be battery charge, had only when battery-driven car stops, and solar panel could be battery charge; Also can only drive trailing wheel 7 walkings through combustion engine 4, go thereby drive whole electrical motor, combustion engine 4 can also be battery charge simultaneously; Certainly electrical motor and combustion engine also can move simultaneously, i.e. direct motor drive front-wheel walking, the walking of internal combustion engine drive trailing wheel; Combustion engine can be battery charge in the driving process; When vehicle was in sliding state, electrical motor was not worked simultaneously, and also can be used as electrical generator is battery charge; When vehicle stops to go, be battery charge through solar cell panel.When this battery-driven car during at night running, can go thereby drive whole electrical motor through 7 walkings of internal combustion engine drive trailing wheel, in the time of combustion engine 4 work, can also be battery charge, thereby for utilizing daytime the direct motor drive vehicle ' that electric energy is provided.In sum; This battery-driven car not only can adopt two driving of electrical motor and combustion engine to go; And realized that electrical motor, solar panel and combustion engine are battery charge jointly; Therefore the consumption of fuel of this battery-driven car significantly reduces, and its charging simultaneously is convenient, and the length that can guarantee battery-driven car is apart from movement travel.
Embodiment 2
Fig. 5 is embodiment 2 described two charge-discharge circuits that the electrical motor place is provided with in the solar recharging battery-driven car that drive.In the present embodiment, described electrical motor is a brushless direct current motor.The electrical motor place is provided with charge-discharge circuit, and electrical motor is connected with storage battery through charge circuit.Three stator winding of electrical motor are connected with three-phase full-bridge rectifier through switch respectively, and the two ends of three-phase full-bridge rectifier are connected with storage battery; Simultaneously three stator winding are connected with controller through switch respectively, and wherein three-phase full-bridge rectifier and controller are and are connected in parallel.When vehicle was in sliding state, electrical motor was not worked, and is as shown in Figure 5, this moment and three-phase full-bridge rectifier bonded assembly switch closure, and with controller bonded assembly switch opens, three-phase full-bridge rectifier work is battery charge also.When electrical motor is worked, with controller bonded assembly switch closure, with three-phase full-bridge rectifier bonded assembly switch opens, battery discharging this moment, and, drive the front-wheel walking through the work of controller control motor.
Other is with embodiment 1.

Claims (6)

1. one kind pair drives the solar recharging battery-driven car; Comprise front-wheel (1), operator's saddle (3), compartment (9) and trailing wheel (7); Compartment (9) is positioned at the rear portion of operator's saddle (3), and the top of compartment (9) is provided with solar panel (10), and solar panel (10) is captiveed joint with compartment (9) through bracing frame (8); It is characterized in that: the front-wheel of said battery-driven car (1) locates to be provided with the electrical motor (2) that drives the front-wheel operation; The below of operator's saddle (3) is provided with the combustion engine (4) that drives the trailing wheel operation, is provided with storage battery box (6) in compartment (9), and storage battery (5) is arranged in the storage battery box (6); Said electrical motor (2) locates to be provided with charge-discharge circuit, and electrical motor (2) is connected with storage battery through charge circuit.
2. two solar recharging battery-driven car that drives according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described combustion engine (4) adopts stroke piston combustion engine, and the piston place of combustion engine is provided with magne to coil, and magne to coil is connected with storage battery through rectifying circuit.
3. two solar recharging battery-driven car that drives according to claim 1; It is characterized in that: described solar panel (10) is through diode, amperemeter/ammtr and overcharge on off controller (a) and be connected with two group storage batteries; Be connected in series with second switch controller (c) between two group storage batteries; First on off controller (b) is connected in parallel with first group storage battery and second switch controller (c), and the 3rd on off controller (d) is connected in parallel with second group storage battery and second switch controller (c).
4. two solar recharging battery-driven car that drives according to claim 3, it is characterized in that: described on off controller is replaced by linear controller.
5. two solar recharging battery-driven car that drives according to claim 1; It is characterized in that: said electrical motor (2) is for having brush during electrical motor; The charge-discharge circuit at electrical motor place is that an end of electrical motor (2) is connected with the positive pole of storage battery with diode through the 4th on off controller (e), current-limiting resistance, should also be connected with controller through the 5th controller (f) by end simultaneously; The other end of electrical motor is connected with the negative pole of storage battery through minion gateway controller (h), should also be connected with controller through the 6th on off controller (g) by end simultaneously.
6. two solar recharging battery-driven car that drives according to claim 1; It is characterized in that: when said electrical motor (2) is brushless motor; The charge-discharge circuit at electrical motor place is that three stator winding of electrical motor are connected with three-phase full-bridge rectifier through switch respectively; The two ends of three-phase full-bridge rectifier are connected with storage battery, and simultaneously three stator winding are connected with controller through switch respectively, and three-phase full-bridge rectifier and controller are and are connected in parallel.
CN201120276596XU 2011-08-01 2011-08-01 Double drive solar charging electric vehicle Expired - Fee Related CN202174949U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201120276596XU CN202174949U (en) 2011-08-01 2011-08-01 Double drive solar charging electric vehicle

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201120276596XU CN202174949U (en) 2011-08-01 2011-08-01 Double drive solar charging electric vehicle

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN202174949U true CN202174949U (en) 2012-03-28

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CN201120276596XU Expired - Fee Related CN202174949U (en) 2011-08-01 2011-08-01 Double drive solar charging electric vehicle

Country Status (1)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102700420A (en) * 2012-06-21 2012-10-03 章丘市杜星摩托车配件厂 Electric vehicle with solar panel
CN105947060A (en) * 2016-06-02 2016-09-21 长葛市尚辰机械制造有限公司 Electric tricycle bucket provided with solar panels

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102700420A (en) * 2012-06-21 2012-10-03 章丘市杜星摩托车配件厂 Electric vehicle with solar panel
CN105947060A (en) * 2016-06-02 2016-09-21 长葛市尚辰机械制造有限公司 Electric tricycle bucket provided with solar panels

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
C17 Cessation of patent right
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20120328

Termination date: 20130801