CN202172607U - Knapsack tea picker - Google Patents

Knapsack tea picker Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202172607U
CN202172607U CN2011202716446U CN201120271644U CN202172607U CN 202172607 U CN202172607 U CN 202172607U CN 2011202716446 U CN2011202716446 U CN 2011202716446U CN 201120271644 U CN201120271644 U CN 201120271644U CN 202172607 U CN202172607 U CN 202172607U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
tea
knapsack
frame
cutter
glassware
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN2011202716446U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
秦广明
宋志禹
肖宏儒
石元值
王明友
任彩红
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Nanjing Research Institute for Agricultural Mechanization Ministry of Agriculture
Original Assignee
Nanjing Research Institute for Agricultural Mechanization Ministry of Agriculture
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Nanjing Research Institute for Agricultural Mechanization Ministry of Agriculture filed Critical Nanjing Research Institute for Agricultural Mechanization Ministry of Agriculture
Priority to CN2011202716446U priority Critical patent/CN202172607U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN202172607U publication Critical patent/CN202172607U/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The utility model relates to a knapsack tea picker and belongs to the technical field of agriculture and forestry machinery. The knapsack tea picker comprises a fixed cutter, a movable cutter, a material falling device and a draft fan, wherein the material falling device is positioned on a knapsack frame; the draft fan is arranged on the knapsack frame and is driven by a power device; the material falling device is a sealed tank body; an air outlet is arranged at the center of the top of the sealed tank body and an air inlet is tangentially arranged at the upper part of the sealed tank body; the air outlet is communicated with a wind inlet of the draft fan through a wind pipe with a filter screen; the air inlet is communicated with a shearing head through a collecting pipe with a hose section; the shearing head is provided with a V-shaped opening; the fixed cutter is arranged at one side of the V-shaped opening; the movable cutter capable of pneumatically rotating is arranged in the shearing head; and when the movable cutter rotates, a shearing port positioned at the V-shaped opening is formed by the movable cutter and the fixed cutter. When the cutters are driven to shear, the collection and conveying and the subsequent separation of picked tea are naturally completed, so the knapsack tea picker is very ingenious. After the knapsack tea picker is used, not only can the requirement of high-grade tea on the selective collection be met, but also the knapsack tea picker is convenient to operate and has high efficiency.

Description

The backpack tea picking
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of tea picking equipment, and especially a kind of backpack tea picking belongs to the agriculture and forestry machinery technical field.
Background technology
For a long time, tealeaves relies on manual harvesting always.Though application number is the disclosed Knapsack type manual tea-plucking scissors of the Chinese patent of CN90205687.5 by as the electric tea clippers of instrument, still needs to rely on manual operation.
In order to realize the mechanized of tea picking; Application number is that the Chinese patent of CN201020302633.5 discloses a kind of direct current drive tea picking; It comprises frame; Frame is provided with direct current generator, cutter, the bottom knife of transmission mechanism, drive transmission device, also is provided with the direct current generator and the adjustable lifter plate of combing collecting frame, driving combing collecting frame on the frame, and the combing collecting frame links to each other with frame through turning cylinder; Turning cylinder links to each other with the direct current generator that drives the combing collecting frame, and adjustable lifter plate is located at the frame bottom.
Above-mentioned two kinds of tea picking machines all are along the fluffy surface of tea all tealeaves of being longer than the fluffy surface of tea to be sheared the back to collect with mechanical system; Can't be directed against simple bud, a bud one leaf, a bud two leaves etc. as required and carry out the selectivity harvesting; Therefore adopt down simple bud is arranged in the tea, a bud one leaf, a bud two leaves; The bud head that old stalk is also arranged and display for the first time need carry out hierarchical processing.Simultaneously, the bud epicranium of displaying for the first time is adopted down the output that the back influences tealeaves.To collect percent of loss big for the mechanical system of above-mentioned tea picking machine in addition, and fluffy pruning requires highly to tea, all can't stereo holds tip tea place and picks tea-leaves, so only be applicable to large tea harvesting.
In addition; Application number is that the Chinese patent of CN200820162518.5 discloses a kind of tea picking; Use hollow pipe as the picking up pipe of plucking tealeaves; Many picking up pipe are connected with the inlet scoop of air main, in picking up pipe, form to the swirling eddy that rises through power set, and air main is connected to the storage tea bag through feed pipe.This mode of picking tea-leaves is adopted following time when the air-flow of rotation with tealeaves, and leaf separates with bud, and tealeaves has not had complete shape, and commercial value reduces, and part Lao Ye is also plucked simultaneously, needs subsequent sort.
The utility model content
The purpose of the utility model is: to the shortcoming that above-mentioned prior art exists, proposes a kind of backpack tea picking that can high efficiency selected collection tealeaves, thereby satisfy the demand of high-grade tea picking.
In order to reach above purpose; The backpack tea picking of the utility model comprises cutter, moving cutting knife and is positioned at the glassware of bearing on the frame that falls; Also comprise being placed in and bear the air exhauster that drives by power set on the frame; The said glassware that falls is that top center has the airtight tank body that gas outlet and upper tangential have air inlet, and said gas outlet is communicated with the air inlet of said air exhauster through the airduct that is provided with screen pack, and said air inlet is communicated with cutting head through the collection tube with flexible pipe link; Said cutting head has v-shaped openings; Said v-shaped openings is cutter on one side, be equipped with in the said cutting head can pneumatic rotation moving cutting knife, be positioned at the sheared edge at v-shaped openings place during said moving cutting knife rotation with the formation of said cutter.
During work, the operator bears blower fan and falls glassware, and hand-held collection tube makes tealeaves point to be plucked be positioned at the v-shaped openings place of cutting head.The negative pressure that produces behind the fan starting is through falling the cutting head generation swabbing action of glassware to collection tube, and suction airflow drives moving cutting knife rotation, cooperates with cutter; The tealeaves point is cut, and meanwhile, suction airflow sucks collection tube with the tealeaves of cutting; Be transported to the air inlet that falls the glassware upper tangential, the tealeaves after the harvesting drops on and falls the glassware bottom along falling glassware bucket wall tangential underspin; The air-flow that falls the glassware center then under the effect of whirlwind effect, is extracted out by the gas outlet, thereby realizes that the gas leaf separates.
It is that the said glassware inwall that falls has the spiral plate by the air inlet underspin that the utility model further improves.Like this, get into the tealeaves that falls glassware and have better underspin guide effect, be more convenient for tealeaves under the comprehensive function of deadweight and whirlwind effectiveness, fall and fall the glassware bottom, thereby the harvesting of accomplishing tealeaves is collected along the inwall rotation.
This shows, the utility model not only with air-flow as carry, detachment dynamic, and as the rotary power of cutting knife, when driving cutting knife and shearing, accomplish the collection of plucking tealeaves naturally and carry, and follow-up separation, therefore ten minutes is ingenious.After the use, not only can satisfy the selectivity collection of high-grade tealeaves, and easy to operate, and efficient is high.
Description of drawings
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing the utility model is further described.
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of an embodiment of the utility model.
Fig. 2 is the end view of Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is the B-B section partial enlarged drawing of Fig. 1.
Fig. 4 is that the A of Fig. 2 is to partial enlarged drawing.
Embodiment
Embodiment one
The backpack tea picking of present embodiment is as depicted in figs. 1 and 2; Comprise have cutter, the cutting head 3 (referring to Fig. 4) of moving cutting knife and being positioned at extends backwards L shaped bear frame 14 back upper places glassware 17 falls, the air exhauster 15 that is driven by gasoline engine 20 is placed in the L shaped frame rear side of bearing.Has braces 13 on the frame 14.Fall glassware 17 and have the airtight tank body that gas outlet and upper tangential have air inlet for top center, inwall has the spiral plate by the air inlet underspin, thereby forms cyclone separator structure.The bottom that falls glassware 17 is provided with openable discharging opening 19.The gas outlet is communicated with the air inlet of air exhauster 15 through the airduct 16 that is provided with screen pack, and air inlet is communicated with cutting head 3 through the collection tube 10 of moulding firmly with flexible pipe link 12.The handle of being convenient to grip 11 is housed on the collection tube 10.The concrete structure of cutting head 3 is as shown in Figure 4; Has v-shaped openings; This v-shaped openings is cutter 5 on one side, and being equipped with in the cutting head 3 can be around the moving cutting knife 4 of three leaves of slitter shaft 2 pneumatic rotations, is positioned at the sheared edge at v-shaped openings place during moving cutting knife 4 rotations with cutter 5 formation.
To have prompt facility when falling the long-pending full tealeaves of glassware 17 in order making, buzzer 18 to be housed in the airduct 16, its concrete structure is as shown in Figure 3, and this buzzer has by airduct 16 and leads to externally ported S shape air flue, and vibrating reed 7 is equipped with at this externally ported place.The pressure control one-way valve is equipped with in the bending place of S shape air flue, and this check valve is made up of the steel ball 6 that can open and close S shape air flue, pressure regulating screw 9 and the spring between steel ball and adjustment screw 8, when falling the long-pending full tealeaves of glassware 17; Air exhauster raises the negative pressure of falling in the glassware gradually; Until opening check valve, at this moment, suck extraneous air by S shape air flue; Air flow will cause the vibrating reed vibration, send the buzzing alarm sound.
The backpack tea picking of present embodiment has following major advantage:
Picking efficiency improves than manual the harvesting obviously when 1, plucking with two picking head.
2, no hand contact is pollution-free.
3, can pluck famous-brand and high-quality tea such as simple bud, a bud one leaf, a bud two leaves, overcome the shortcoming that existing tea picking machine can only be adopted large tea.
4, to the fluffy lower tea place of tea, need not bend over to pluck, can reduce labor intensity.
5, reasonable in design, easy for operation.
Except that the foregoing description, the utility model can also have other embodiments.All employings are equal to the technical scheme of replacement or equivalent transformation formation, all drop on the protection domain of requirement of the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. backpack tea picking; Comprise cutter, moving cutting knife and be positioned at the glassware of bearing on the frame that falls; It is characterized in that: also comprise being placed in and bear the air exhauster that drives by power set on the frame; The said glassware that falls is that top center has the airtight tank body that gas outlet and upper tangential have air inlet, and said gas outlet is communicated with the air inlet of said air exhauster through the airduct that is provided with screen pack, and said air inlet is communicated with cutting head through the collection tube with flexible pipe link; Said cutting head has v-shaped openings; Said v-shaped openings is cutter on one side, be equipped with in the said cutting head can pneumatic rotation moving cutting knife, be positioned at the sheared edge at v-shaped openings place during said moving cutting knife rotation with the formation of said cutter.
2. backpack tea picking according to claim 1; It is characterized in that: in the said airduct buzzer is housed; Said buzzer has by airduct and leads to externally ported S shape air flue, and vibrating reed is equipped with at said externally ported place, and the pressure control one-way valve is equipped with in the bending place of said S shape air flue.
3. backpack tea picking according to claim 2 is characterized in that: said check valve is made up of the steel ball that can open and close S shape air flue, pressure regulating screw and the spring between steel ball and adjustment screw.
4. backpack tea picking according to claim 3 is characterized in that: said frame is extend L shaped backwards, has braces; The said glassware that falls is positioned at said frame back upper place, and said air exhauster is placed in said frame rear side.
5. backpack tea picking according to claim 4 is characterized in that: the said bottom that falls glassware is provided with openable discharging opening.
6. backpack tea picking according to claim 5 is characterized in that: the handle of being convenient to grip is housed on the said collection tube.
CN2011202716446U 2011-07-29 2011-07-29 Knapsack tea picker Expired - Fee Related CN202172607U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011202716446U CN202172607U (en) 2011-07-29 2011-07-29 Knapsack tea picker

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011202716446U CN202172607U (en) 2011-07-29 2011-07-29 Knapsack tea picker

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN202172607U true CN202172607U (en) 2012-03-28

Family

ID=45862518

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2011202716446U Expired - Fee Related CN202172607U (en) 2011-07-29 2011-07-29 Knapsack tea picker

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN202172607U (en)

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102379192A (en) * 2011-07-29 2012-03-21 农业部南京农业机械化研究所 Knapsack-type tea plucking machine
CN103477800A (en) * 2013-08-08 2014-01-01 苏州市西山宏运材料用品厂 Damping backpack tea picking machine and working method
CN104303707A (en) * 2014-11-03 2015-01-28 盛伯康 Famous tea picking machine
CN113115637A (en) * 2019-12-31 2021-07-16 季华实验室 Intelligent negative pressure air suction collecting device

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102379192A (en) * 2011-07-29 2012-03-21 农业部南京农业机械化研究所 Knapsack-type tea plucking machine
CN103477800A (en) * 2013-08-08 2014-01-01 苏州市西山宏运材料用品厂 Damping backpack tea picking machine and working method
CN104303707A (en) * 2014-11-03 2015-01-28 盛伯康 Famous tea picking machine
CN113115637A (en) * 2019-12-31 2021-07-16 季华实验室 Intelligent negative pressure air suction collecting device

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Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20120328

Termination date: 20160729