CN202157372U - Water storage device - Google Patents

Water storage device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202157372U
CN202157372U CN2011202198451U CN201120219845U CN202157372U CN 202157372 U CN202157372 U CN 202157372U CN 2011202198451 U CN2011202198451 U CN 2011202198451U CN 201120219845 U CN201120219845 U CN 201120219845U CN 202157372 U CN202157372 U CN 202157372U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
water storage
tank
water
storage device
sidewall
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN2011202198451U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
秦升益
秦升龙
秦申二
陈梅娟
贾屹海
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Renchuang ecological environmental protection Polytron Technologies Inc
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Beijing Rechsand Science and Technology Group Co Ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A20/00Water conservation; Efficient water supply; Efficient water use
    • Y02A20/108Rainwater harvesting

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a water storage device, which comprises a water storage container (10) which is provided with a bottom wall with an impermeable layer (80) and a side wall and the top of which is covered with a cover plate (12), a water collecting part which allows water out of the water storage container to flow in the water storage container, and at least one water outlet well (30) which is located in the water storage container and is connected with the outer part of the water storage container and the side wall of which is water-permeable and is extended to the bottom wall of the water storage container. The water storage device also comprises a frame structure (11) which is located in the water storage container and is supported between the bottom wall of the water storage container and the cover plate for dividing the inner part of the water storage container into water storage spaces (11b) communicated with each other. The water storage device has not only filtering purifying function but also higher water storage rate.

Description

A kind of water storage device
Technical field
The utility model relates to the storage and the processing of water resource, more specifically, relates to a kind of water storage device.
Background technology
At present, the water resources shortage in the whole world, lack of water is local a lot of all over the world.In the area of a lot of lacks of water, all there are shortage problem in people's drinking water, life industrial water.Especially in the last few years, because climate reasons, the precipitation in a lot of areas was lack of standardization, caused the long-time arid in these areas.In order to solve these regional water shortage problems, a lot of regional sink wells, but since a little water through filtering, be not suitable for drinking; Although water can become limpider at long-time post precipitation, after the time was long, the water capacity is prone to foul, and was rotten; And the water in the well permeates the ground soon, or evaporates.
Compare with underground water, rainwater is limy matter not, belongs to soft water, does not need the high softening handling of extra increase as industry or commercial the use.Therefore, rainwater collect for make full use of water resource, the using water wisely cost is significant.
CN 101839009A discloses a kind of multi-well water storage system, and Fig. 1 is the generalized section of this multi-well water storage system, and is as shown in Figure 1, and this multi-well water storage system comprises: the tank 10 of top opening, the chamber wall of this tank 10 are waterproof construction; Be positioned at the many mouthfuls of collecting wells 40 of tank 10 inside; The borehole wall of this collecting well 40 is a permeable structure; Be filled with filler between collecting well 40 and the tank 10, this filler comprises the fine sand 70 and the water-permeable water storage carrier 50 of mixing, and this water-permeable water storage carrier 50 has water storage cavity 60.Rainwater that this multi-well water storage system is collected or sewage can access purer water through the sedimentation and filtration of fine sand 70, and water is kept in the filler or not perishable, smelly in the collecting well.Simultaneously, the water-permeable water storage carrier 50 in the filler has increased the water storage capacity effectively.But, for reach filtration must be in the inside of tank 10 filling part fine sand 70, big limitations the water storage rate of this multi-well water storage system, can not satisfy the demand of a large amount of collections, storing rainwater.
Therefore, how to guarantee that the water storage rate that can improve water storage device under the prerequisite of filtering function becomes this area problem demanding prompt solution.
The utility model content
The purpose of the utility model provides the water storage device that can improve the water storage rate of water storage device under a kind of prerequisite of guaranteeing filtering function.
To achieve these goals, the utility model provides a kind of water storage device, and this water storage device comprises:
Tank, this tank comprise diapire and the sidewall with impervious barrier, and cover plate is stamped at the top of this tank;
Water collecting part, this water collecting part allow the outside water of said tank to get in the said tank; With
At least one wet well, this wet well be positioned at said tank inner and with the external communications of this tank, the sidewall of said wet well is porous and diapire that extend to said tank;
Wherein, Said water storage device also comprises frame construction; This frame construction is in the inside of said tank and be supported between the said diapire and said cover plate of said tank, and said frame construction is separated into the water space that communicates with each other with the inside of said tank.
Preferably, said frame construction is piled up by the polylith building block and is formed.
Preferably; Said building block is a cuboid; Said polylith building block is piled up along the depth direction of said tank to another sidewall relative with this sidewall from a sidewall of said tank and is multilayer; A plurality of building blocks in every layer are arranged as many gang saws tooth waveform spaced in parallel to each other, and the zig-zag on depth direction in the adjacent layer staggers each other, thereby make the spatial communication between the zig-zag adjacent arbitrarily in each layer form said water space.
Preferably, in the said multi-layer building block, begin from the diapire of said tank, the projection of the zig-zag of the odd-level in the said multilayer on horizontal plane overlaps mutually, and the projection of the zig-zag of the even level in the said multilayer on horizontal plane overlaps mutually.
Preferably, said first building block and/or said cover plate are porous.
Preferably, said building block is the sand base brick that obtains through the sand based composition and use thereof in packaging moulding that contains silica sand and hydrophilic agglomerant.
Preferably; Said building block is to comprise the permeable top layer that is closely as one and the composite water permeable brick of porous base course; Include aggregate and the cementing agent that coats aggregate in this permeable top layer and the porous base course respectively, and the cementing agent in the said permeable top layer comprises hydrophilic agglomerant at least.
Preferably, said frame construction comprises the truss of being processed by steel.
Preferably, at least a portion of said impervious barrier is a breathable.
Preferably, said impervious barrier is laid by sand base hydrophobic granule and is formed.
Preferably, said water storage device also comprises former layer of sand, and this former layer of sand is laid on the said impervious barrier top of the diapire of said tank.
Preferably, the sidewall of said tank comprises impervious concrete.
Preferably, said tank is to be arranged on underground water storage hole.
Preferably, said water collecting part comprises at least one inlet well, this at least one inlet well be positioned at said tank inner and with the external communications of said tank, the sidewall of said inlet well is porous and diapire that extend to said tank.
Preferably, said water collecting part also comprises the header with the external communications of said inlet well and said tank.
Preferably, the bleed off pipe that the sidewall of said inlet well is provided with overfall and is connected with this overfall, this overfall are positioned at and the adjoining position of the well head of said inlet well, the exterior of said bleed off pipe and said tank.
Lead to and in water storage device, be provided with frame construction, both guaranteed the filtering function of water storage device, increased the water storage rate of water storage device again effectively with water space.
Other feature and advantage of the utility model will partly specify in the specific embodiment subsequently.
Description of drawings
Accompanying drawing is the further understanding that is used to provide the utility model, and constitutes the part of manual, is used to explain the utility model with the following specific embodiment, but does not constitute the restriction to the utility model.In the accompanying drawings:
Fig. 1 is the sketch map of existing water storage device;
Fig. 2 is the sketch map of the described water storage device of the utility model;
Fig. 3 is the schematic perspective view of the frame construction in the water storage device shown in Fig. 2;
Fig. 4 is the perspective view of the frame construction shown in Fig. 3 on horizontal plane; With
Fig. 5 is the sketch map of the tank of the water storage device described in Fig. 2.
Description of reference numerals
10 tanks, 11 frame constructions
12 cover plates, 20 inlet wells
30 wet wells, 40 collecting wells
50 water-permeable water storage carriers, 60 water storage cavities
70 fine sands, 80 impervious barriers
90 former layer of sand 11a building blocks
11b water space 20a header
The 20b bleed off pipe
The specific embodiment
Be elaborated below in conjunction with the specific embodiment of accompanying drawing to the utility model.Should be understood that the specific embodiment described herein only is used for explanation and explains the utility model, is not limited to the utility model.
As shown in Figure 2, the utility model provides a kind of water storage device, and this water storage device comprises:
Tank 10, this tank 10 comprises diapire and the sidewall with impervious barrier 80, and cover plate 12 is stamped at the top of this tank 10;
Water collecting part, this water collecting part allow tank 10 outside water to get into the said water space 11b of frame construction 11; With
At least one wet well 30, this at least one wet well 30 be positioned at tank 10 inner and with the external communications of tank 10, the sidewall of wet well 30 is porous and the diapire that extends to tank 10;
Wherein, The said water storage device of the utility model also comprises frame construction 11; This frame construction 11 is inner and be supported between the diapire and cover plate 12 of tank 10 at tank 10, and frame construction 11 is separated into the water space 11b that communicates with each other with the inside of tank 10.
Described frame construction 11 both can be to form the structure that constitutes bearing system by beam and column to rigidly connect or to be hinged and connected to connect in the building field.Can be meant that also having supporting role and inner arbitrarily has the structure in space.
Use the described frame construction 11 of the utility model not only to play the effect of supporting cover plate 12; But also made full use of the inner space of tank 10; Frame construction 11 has been separated into the water space 11b that interconnects with the inner space of water space 10; Outside water enters into water space 11b through the guiding of water collecting part, thereby the water storage rate of water storage device has been improved in the inner space of the tank that makes full use of 10.
Said water collecting part can have the structure that can tank 10 outside water be guided entering tank 10 inside that those skilled in the art can expect.
For example, water collecting part can be arranged on the through hole that is positioned at frame construction 11 tops on the cover plate 12, and tank 10 outside water enter into the inside of tank 10 through the through hole on the cover plate, and are stored among the water space 11b of frame construction 11.
For another example, water collecting part can also comprise hole on the sidewall that is arranged on tank 10 and the pipeline that is communicated with this hole.Tank 10 outside water are introduced the inside of tank 10 through the hole on the tank sidewall and in the pipeline of this hole connection, and are stored among the water space 11b of frame construction 11.
When the described water storage device of the utility model as catch-basin, when collecting rainwater, cover plate 12 also can be used as water collecting part, the cover plate 12 that is used as water collecting part is preferably processed by the porous material.Like this, drop on that rainwater on the cover plate 12 is permeable to enter into water space 11b through cover plate 12.
Water space 11b communicates with each other, thereby the water that stores among the water space 11b can be contacted with the sidewall of wet well 30, and penetrates into wet well 30 inside through the sidewall of wet well 30.
As stated, the water that gets in the water storage device not only can be stored in the wet well 30, can also be stored among the water space 11b in the frame construction 11.Owing to do not need again in tank 10 filling sand to play a supporting role, thereby increased the water storage rate of water storage device largely to cover plate 12.
And; The sidewall porous of wet well 30 and diapire that extend to tank 10; When the water that stores among the water space 11b penetrates in the wet well 30; The borehole wall of wet well 30 can play catharsis to the water that infiltrates in this wet well 30 with the solid particle in the water that infiltrates in this wet well 30 at a distance from keeping off in wet well 30 outsides.Usually, can grow microorganism in the water, these microorganisms can react with the pollutant (like ammonia nitrogen, COD etc.) that exists in the water, thereby this pollutant is decomposed.In the described water storage device of the utility model; Sand base seepage brick can be used as the carrier of growth of microorganism; When thereby assurance is extracted the water of the storage in the wet well 30 out use; Still have microorganism in the sand base seepage brick, when tank 10 outside water got into these tank 10 inside, the microorganism in the sand base seepage brick can continue the pollutant in the decomposition water.
Thereby make the water storage device of the utility model when having increased the water storage rate, guarantee the function that water storage device is purified waste water.The sidewall of wet well 30 extends to the diapire of tank 10, and the constituting by material impervious to water of this tank 10, the water that penetrates into wet well 30 can not infiltrate through underground from diapire.And, in this structure, do not need the extra diapire that constructs well 30, improved the efficient that makes up the described water storage device of the utility model, reduced construction cost.
The sidewall of wet well 30 can be formed by various seepy materials well known in the art, for example can be that sand base seepage brick that the Beijing Huichuang Technology Group Co., Ltd provides is piled up and formed, and the transmission coefficient of said sand base seepage brick is more than or equal to 2.0 * 10 -2Cm/s is preferably (4.0-10.0) * 10 -2Cm/s.
Preferably, the sidewall of wet well 30 can also comprise filtration beds, thereby to penetrating into the effect that wet well 30 inner water play filtration.Said filtration beds can be made up of fine filtering material commonly used, in the water storage device of the utility model, preferably adopts active carbon to constitute said filtration beds.
The tank 10 of the described water storage device of the utility model comprises diapire and the sidewall with impervious barrier 80, and the water in the tank 10 can not ooze out tank 10 through diapire and sidewall.The utility model can be for well known to a person skilled in the art the various materials that are used for anti-sealing infiltration for the not special qualification of the material of the diapire of said impervious barrier 80 and wet well 30, and for example: said impervious barrier can be the layer that is formed by waterproofing materials.From the angle of further minimizing water loss, the transmission coefficient of said impervious barrier preferably is lower than 1 * 10 -6Cm/s is more preferably less than 1 * 10 -7Cm/s.Said impervious barrier in the utility model for example can be served as reasons to be purchased from the water-proof sheet material of Beijing Huichuang Technology Group Co., Ltd and laid the layer that forms.
When using the water that stores in the described water storage device of the utility model, when perhaps the water in the wet well 30 has reached predetermined water level, can pass through pumping equipment (for example water pump), the water in the wet well 30 is extracted out for use.
In the described water storage device of the utility model, when the wet well in the described water storage device of the utility model 30 when being a plurality of, these a plurality of wet wells 30 can be arranged in the tank independently of each other, also can interconnect through pipeline.And, in the utility model, the form of wet well 30 is not had concrete requirement.The sidewall of wet well 30 can be the face of cylinder, also can be the plane, as long as can play the function of store water.
Preferably, frame construction 11 can be piled up by polylith building block 11a and formed.Use building block 11a to pile up formation frame construction 11 and can reduce the required cost of the described water storage device of the utility model, and improve the efficient of building this water storage device.And, similar with the building block of piling up formation wet well 30, pile up the building block 11a that forms frame construction 11 and also can be used as the microorganism carrier that generates in the water, thereby play the effect of filtering water pollutant.
When piling up frame construction 11, the shape of the first building block 11a is not had specific (special) requirements, the first building block 11a can be various forms of building blocks, as long as make the frame construction 11 of piling up acquisition can support cover plate 12.
For example, building block 11a is the cuboid shown in Fig. 3 and Fig. 4.
Can be in several ways the building block 11a of cuboid be piled into frame construction 11, as long as can have the water space 11b that communicates in the implementation framework structure 11.
For example, can polylith building block 11a be piled up along the depth direction of tank 10 and be multilayer, and the building block 11a that is positioned at one deck is provided with at interval, to form water space 11b.In order to guarantee that frame construction 11 has enough intensity, can use cementing agent (for example cement) that the building block of adjacent two layers is bonded together.
When the building block 11a that uses cuboid piles up frame construction 11; Preferably; Can pile up building block 11a through the mode shown in Fig. 3, that is, polylith building block 11a piles up along the depth direction of tank 10 to another sidewall relative with this sidewall from a sidewall of tank 10 and is multilayer; A plurality of building block 11a in every layer are arranged as many gang saws tooth waveform spaced in parallel to each other; Zig-zag on depth direction in the adjacent layer staggers each other, thereby makes the spatial communication between the zig-zag adjacent arbitrarily in each layer, forms water space 11b.Pile up polylith building block 11a by the way, on the depth direction of tank 10 adjacent two-layer in, the one deck that is positioned at the below supports the one deck that is positioned at this layer top, need not cementing agent and bonds and can obtain more firm braced structures 11.
Preferably; Among the multi-layer building block 11a; Begin from the diapire of tank 10; The projection of the zig-zag of the odd-level in the said multilayer on horizontal plane overlaps mutually, and the projection of the zig-zag of the even level in the said multilayer on horizontal plane overlaps mutually, thereby makes the more firm braced structures of acquisition 11.Further preferably, the crest and the trough of the neighbouring zig-zag of the sawtooth waveforms in said odd-level and the said even level are relative, and be maximum with the water space 11b that guarantees to obtain.
Described " sawtooth waveforms " is not that index is learned the zig-zag on the meaning, but the ripple of sawtooth like shape.Use in the frame construction 11 that rectangular building block 11a piles up, same row's building block 11a piles up and is zigzag.Described " crest of sawtooth waveforms " and described " trough of sawtooth waveforms " is meant in every adjacent three building block 11a, middle building block 11a respectively with the crossing part of the adjacent two building block 11a of the building block 11a of this centre.
Frame construction 11 shown in Fig. 3 and Fig. 4 has higher compression, fracture resistance is high.Through test shows, the compressive strength of said frame construction 11 is Cc25-Cc35, and rupture strength is Cf3.0-Cf4.0.When the described water storage device of the utility model is arranged on below ground, do not influence the ground function of water storage device, for example, can carry Light-duty Vehicle on the cover plate 12, greenery patches, square etc. can also be set on cover plate 12.
As can be seen from Figure 4; Lay the water space 11b that obtains behind the building block 11a by the way and on horizontal plane, be projected as a plurality of quadrangles that join; Thereby both guaranteed that frame construction 11 can support cover plate 12 preferably, and can guarantee to obtain bigger water space 11b again.
Polylith building block 11a piece is piled up by above-mentioned mode and is formed frame construction 11, and the building block 11a of last layer piles up on following one deck building block 11a, and the process that can not need bond between the polylith building block 11a has shortened the engineering time of building said water storage device.
Preferably, building block 11a is a porous, thereby can be cleaned when making water infiltration among the water space 11b through building block 11.
Preferably; Building block 11a is the sand base brick that obtains through the sand based composition and use thereof in packaging moulding that contains silica sand and hydrophilic agglomerant; In order to guarantee that when the moulding, silica sand can bond together well, in said sand based composition and use thereof in packaging; Silica sand with 100 weight portions is a benchmark, and the content of said cementing agent is the 1-15 weight portion.
Said silica sand can be various silica sands, for example, and can be for being selected from drift-sand, artificial sand, reclaimed sand, river sand, extra large sand and the mountain sand one or more.
In the utility model, the kind of said cementing agent does not have special qualification, can the various hydrophilic agglomerants that silica sand bonds together all can be used in the utility model and realizes the purpose of the utility model.For example, this hydrophilic agglomerant can be a hydrophilic resin, like one or more of, epoxy resin, polyvinylidene fluoride resin, water glass, phenolic resins, acrylic resin, polyamine fat resin.
When shaping building block 11a; Preferably; Said sand based composition and use thereof in packaging can also contain curing compound; Silica sand with 100 weight portions is a benchmark, and the content of said curing compound is the 0.01-15 weight portion, and said curing compound is selected from one or more in amine type curing compound, anhydride type curing agent, poly aluminium phosphate, prodan and the methenamine.
Alternatively; Building block 11a comprises the permeable top layer that is closely as one and the composite water permeable brick of porous base course; Include aggregate and the cementing agent that coats aggregate in this permeable top layer and the porous base course respectively, and the cementing agent in the said permeable top layer comprises hydrophilic agglomerant at least.Since the permeable top layer possess hydrophilic property cementing agent of building block 11a, thus the surface that can guarantee building block 11a has fine and close structure, and have water permeability preferably.
Preferably, said hydrophilic agglomerant is the hydrophilic resin cementing agent.For example, can be in epoxy resin, polyurethane and the acrylic resin one or more.Molecular side chain in above-mentioned epoxy resin, polyurethane and the acrylic resin contains enough hydrophilic carboxylate, sulfonate, ammonium salt, hydroxyl or main chain and contains the non-ionic hydrophilic segment.
Preferably, the aggregate size in the said permeable top layer is 0.05mm-2mm, and is fine and close to guarantee permeable top layer, thereby makes building block 11a have higher intensity.
Preferably, comprise cement in the cementing agent in the said porous base course, the grain diameter of the aggregate in the said porous base course is 2mm-10mm, thereby can reduce the cost of building block 11a.
Usually, said aggregate is a quartz sand, to practice thrift the whole cost that makes up the described water storage device of the utility model.The concrete composition of composite water permeable brick and manufacturing process see disclosed content among the CN 1966861Y for details.
Certainly, building block 11a also can be the sand base seepage brick identical with piling up wet well 30.
In order to make frame construction 11 have sufficiently high intensity, to support the cover plate 12 of tank 10, preferably, frame construction 11 can also be the trussed construction of being processed by steel.
More than combine Fig. 2 to Fig. 4 that the frame construction 11 of the described water storage device of the utility model has been done detailed description with wet well 30, will combine Fig. 5 that tank is described below.
In the described water storage device of the utility model, cover plate 12 is preferably porous, like this, when the described water storage device of the utility model is used to collect rainwater, drops on the permeable inside that gets into tanks 10 through cover plate 12 of rainwater on the cover plate 12.And cover plate 12 also can preliminary purification permeate the rainwater through cover plate 12.In like manner, cover plate 12 also can adopt identical sand base brick with building block 11a or with piling up wet well 30 identical sand base seepage bricks lay and form.
Rotten for the water body that prevents to store in the described water storage device of the utility model, preferably, at least a portion of the diapire of formation tank 10 and the impervious barrier 80 of sidewall is a breathable.In order to reach the purpose that prevents that water body is rotten better, more preferably, the sidewall of tank 10 and the impervious barrier of diapire 80 all are breathable.
The utility model does not limit for the material of impervious barrier 80 is special, can for example, can form by laying through the sand base hydrophobic granule of cementing agent bonding for well known to a person skilled in the art various anti-sealing infiltration and the ventilative materials of being used for.Can also form sheet material for antiseepage sand (available from the Beijing Huichuang Technology Group Co., Ltd) compacting of will breathing freely.Usually the transmission coefficient of said ventilative impervious barrier is 1 * 10 -3-1 * 10 -6Get final product in the scope of cm/s.Said transmission coefficient is used to reflect the penetrating power of said impervious barrier, permeable formation and ventilative impervious barrier, refers to the specific discharge under the unit hydraulic gradient, measures with reference to the method for JC/T945-2005.
Preferably, said sand base hydrophobic granule comprises the hydrophobic resin film of aggregate and coating aggregate.
Preferably, said aggregate is one or more in quartz sand, haydite or the glass microballoon, and the particle diameter of said aggregate is the 6-300 order.
Preferably, said hydrophobic resin film is by one or more films that form in hydrophobicity epoxy resin, phenolic resins, polyurethane resin and the silicones.The concrete composition of sand base hydrophobic granule and manufacturing process see disclosed content among the CN 101838116A for details.
Preferably, when the thickness of impervious barrier 80 is 30~80mm, both can reach ventilative purpose, and can save material again.
When the outside water of water storage device enters into tank 10 inside of water storage device through water collecting part, can have certain impact force usually, wash away the impervious barrier 80 of tank 10 diapires.As time goes on, the impervious barrier of the diapire of tank 10 can receive damage to a certain degree, and therefore, preferably, impervious barrier 80 tops of the diapire of tank 10 are equipped with former layer of sand 90, with protection impervious barrier 80.Usually, roughing sand is meant common silica sand.
Preferably, the thickness of former layer of sand 90 is 50mm~100mm, both can play the purpose of the airing function of protection impervious barrier 80, assurance impervious barrier 80, can save material again, reduces the cost of building water storage device.
Usually, for the sidewall that guarantees tank 10 has enough intensity, the impervious barrier 80 that is positioned at the sidewall of tank 10 can comprise impervious concrete.The sidewall of tank 10 can be built by impervious concrete fully and formed, and also can form by piling up through the building block of impervious concrete 10b bonding.
Preferably, the difficulty of construction when building water storage device in order to reduce can be arranged on this water storage device underground.Therefore, when water storage device is arranged on when underground, tank 10 is and is arranged on underground water storage hole.
In order further to enlarge water space; Improve the efficient of collecting water resource; Preferably; The water collecting part of the utility model can comprise at least one inlet well 20, this at least one inlet well 20 be positioned at tank 10 inner and with the external communications of tank 10, the sidewall of inlet well 20 is porous and diapire that extend to tank 10.After getting into inlet well 20, tank 10 outside water penetrate into frame construction 11 again.
Preferably, the sidewall of inlet well 20 can also comprise filtration beds, thereby the water that penetrates inlet well 20 is played the effect of filtration.The filtration beds of inlet well 20 can be made up of fine filtering material commonly used, in the water storage device of the utility model, preferably adopts active carbon to constitute said filtration beds.
Outside water resource like rainwater, sewage etc., is directed into inlet well 20, and therefore the volume of inlet well 20, has improved the efficient of collecting water resource greater than the volume of single water space 11b.Water in the inlet well 20 penetrates into the water space 11b of frame construction 11 through the sidewall of this inlet well 20, because the sidewall of inlet well 20 also has the function of purifying waste water, therefore, the water that enters into water space 11b has passed through the primary purification processing.
In the utility model, inlet well 20 is not necessary.Under the situation that does not have inlet well 20, outside water directly gets in the water space of frame construction 11.But preferably, the described water storage device of the utility model is provided with inlet well 20, and inlet well 20 can bear higher impact force, and the water resource of collected outside is directed immediately into the application life that inlet well 20 can prolong the described water storage device of the utility model.
When the water storage device of the utility model is used for the rainwater of store collected, can the rainwater guiding that fall to the ground be got into inlet well 20 through on the cover plate above the inlet well 20, offering the water inlet that directly communicates with inlet well 20.
Similar with wet well 30, in the utility model, the form of inlet well 20 there is not concrete requirement.The sidewall of inlet well 20 can be the face of cylinder, also can be the plane, collects the also function of store water as long as can play.Inlet well 20 can adopt with wet well 30 identical forms and make up.
The sidewall of inlet well 20 extends to the diapire of tank 10, and the constituting by material impervious to water of this tank 10, the water that gets into inlet well 20 can not infiltrate through underground from diapire.And, in this structure, do not need the diapire of extra structure inlet well 20, improved the efficient that makes up the described water storage device of the utility model, reduced construction cost.
Preferably, said water collecting part can also comprise header 20a.Through the external communications of header 20a, to collect water resource with inlet well 20 and tank 10.
For example, during sewage after the water storage device of the utility model is used to store processing, can inlet well 20 be linked to each other with the delivery port of treatment tank through header 20a, thereby with water guiding entering inlet well 20.
Here, header 20a can be the pipe with collection water function that any those skilled in the art can expect.For example, can be metal tube, flexible pipe or pile up the pipeline that forms by building block.
Preferably, the bleed off pipe 20b that overfall can also be set on the sidewall of inlet well 20 and be connected with this overfall, this overfall is positioned at and the adjoining position of the well head of inlet well 20, the exterior of bleed off pipe 20b and tank.
After overfall and bleed off pipe 20b were set, the volume that gets into the water in the inlet well 20 reached the outside that just can be discharged to water storage device after the predetermined value through bleed off pipe 20b, thereby anti-effectively sealing is emerged from inlet well 20.
Equally, the form of bleed off pipe 20b also can be the pipeline with drain function that any those skilled in the art can expect.For example, can be that metal tube, flexible pipe are perhaps piled up the pipeline that forms by building block.
Below in conjunction with the preferred implementation of the utility model among Fig. 2, the course of work of the described water storage device of the utility model is carried out detailed description.
Water storage device shown in Fig. 2 is arranged on below ground, is used to collect rainwater.It is inner that rainwater gets into water storage device through two kinds of approach:
1, a large amount of rainwater flow into inlet well 20 through header 20a.When the amount of the water in getting into inlet well 20 surpasses the capacity of inlet well 20,, make water in the inlet well 20 can flow to the outside of water storage device through bleed off pipe 20b with the valve open that is arranged on the bleed off pipe 20b.The rainwater that enters into inlet well 20 sees through the water space 11b of the sidewall entering frame construction 11 of the inlet well 20 with filtering function, obtains purifying for the first time.
2, a small amount of rainwater infiltrates water storage device inside through the cover plate 12 with permeable filtering function, and when this a small amount of rainwater infiltrated water storage device inside, cover plate 12 had carried out purifying for the first time to it.
The water that infiltrates among the water space 11b permeates to wet well 30 through the building block 11a that porous filters, thereby obtains purifying for the second time.Water infiltration through purifying for the second time arrives wet well 30, and penetrates into wet well 30 inside through the sidewall of wet well 30.Filter permeable function because the sidewall of this wet well 30 also has simultaneously, therefore, penetrate into wet well 30 inner water and passed through filtration, purification three times.When the needs use is stored in the water in the water storage device, only need passes through aspirator (like water pump) the water extraction is got final product.
Show that through measuring use the described water storage device water storage of the utility model rate can reach 85-90%, through the water body test shows, CODCr is lower than 30mg/L in the water that from wet well 30, extracts, the concentration of SS is lower than 6mg/L, and ammonia nitrogen concentration is less than 1mg/L.Thereby proved that the described water storage device of the utility model had both had higher water storage rate, had good filtering function again.
The described water storage device of the utility model through comprise the frame construction of water space in the tank set inside, has improved the water storage rate of water storage device greatly in the filtering function that has guaranteed water storage device.
Though the utility model is described the course of work of water storage device so that to collect rainwater be example, it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that the utility model is not limited to collect rainwater, but can also be applied to other occasions.For example, can be used for sewage after the stores processor.
Described in the utility model to the water purification effect; When being meant building block through frame construction of water infiltration, inlet well sidewall and/or wet well sidewall; Solid particle to suspending in the water adsorbs, and through existence and the microorganism in the water pollutant (like ammonia nitrogen, COD etc.) is decomposed.
More than combine accompanying drawing to describe the preferred implementation of the utility model in detail; But; The utility model is not limited to the detail in the above-mentioned embodiment; In the technical conceive scope of the utility model, can carry out multiple simple variant to the technical scheme of the utility model, these simple variant all belong to the protection domain of the utility model.
Need to prove in addition; Each concrete technical characterictic described in the above-mentioned specific embodiment under reconcilable situation, can make up through any suitable manner; For fear of unnecessary repetition, the utility model is to the explanation no longer separately of various possible compound modes.
In addition, also can carry out combination in any between the various embodiment of the utility model, as long as its thought without prejudice to the utility model, it should be regarded as content disclosed in the utility model equally.

Claims (16)

1. water storage device, this water storage device comprises:
Tank (10), this tank (10) comprise the have impervious barrier diapire and the sidewall of (80), and cover plate (12) is stamped at the top of this tank (10);
Water collecting part, this water collecting part allow the outside water of said tank (10) to get in the said tank (10);
At least one wet well (30), this wet well (30) be positioned at said tank (10) inner and with the external communications of this tank (10), the sidewall of said wet well (30) is porous and diapire that extend to said tank (10);
It is characterized in that; Said water storage device also comprises frame construction (11); This frame construction (11) is positioned at said tank (10) inside and is supported between the said diapire and said cover plate (12) of said tank (10), and said frame construction (11) is separated into the water space (11b) that communicates with each other with the inside of said tank (10).
2. water storage device according to claim 1 is characterized in that, said frame construction (11) is piled up by polylith building block (11a) and formed.
3. water storage device according to claim 2; It is characterized in that; Said building block (11a) is a cuboid; Said polylith building block (11a) is piled up along the depth direction of said tank (10) to another sidewall relative with this sidewall from a sidewall of said tank (10) and is multilayer; A plurality of building blocks (11a) in every layer are arranged as many gang saws tooth waveform spaced in parallel to each other, and the zig-zag on depth direction in the adjacent layer staggers each other, thereby make the spatial communication between the zig-zag adjacent arbitrarily in each layer form said water space (11b).
4. water storage device according to claim 3; It is characterized in that; In the said multi-layer building block (11a); Begin from the diapire of said tank (10), the projection of the zig-zag of the odd-level in the said multilayer on horizontal plane overlaps mutually, and the projection of the zig-zag of the even level in the said multilayer on horizontal plane overlaps mutually.
5. according to any described water storage device in the claim 2 to 4, it is characterized in that said building block (11a) and/or said cover plate (12) are porous.
6. water storage device according to claim 5 is characterized in that, said building block (11a) is the sand base brick that obtains through the sand based composition and use thereof in packaging moulding that contains silica sand and hydrophilic agglomerant.
7. water storage device according to claim 5; It is characterized in that; Said building block (11a) is to comprise the permeable top layer that is closely as one and the composite water permeable brick of porous base course; Include aggregate and the cementing agent that coats aggregate in this permeable top layer and the porous base course respectively, and the cementing agent in the said permeable top layer comprises hydrophilic agglomerant at least.
8. water storage device according to claim 1 is characterized in that, said frame construction (11) comprises the truss of being processed by steel.
9. water storage device according to claim 1 is characterized in that, at least a portion of said impervious barrier (80) is a breathable.
10. water storage device according to claim 9 is characterized in that, said impervious barrier (80) is laid by sand base hydrophobic granule and formed.
11., it is characterized in that this water storage device also comprises former layer of sand (90) according to claim 1,9 or 10 described water storage devices, this former layer of sand (90) is laid on the said impervious barrier (80) of diapire of said tank (10).
12., it is characterized in that the impervious barrier (80) that is positioned at the sidewall of said tank (10) comprises impervious concrete according to claim 1,9 or 10 described water storage devices.
13. water storage device according to claim 1 is characterized in that, said tank (10) is for being arranged on underground water storage hole.
14. water storage device according to claim 1; It is characterized in that; Said water collecting part comprises at least one inlet well (20); This at least one inlet well (20) be positioned at said tank (10) inner and with the external communications of said tank (10), the sidewall of said inlet well (20) is porous and diapire that extend to said tank (10).
15. water storage device according to claim 14 is characterized in that, said water collecting part also comprises the header (20a) with the external communications of said inlet well (20) and said tank (10).
16. according to claim 14 or 15 described water storage devices; It is characterized in that; The bleed off pipe (20b) that the sidewall of said inlet well (20) is provided with overfall and is connected with this overfall; This overfall is positioned at the adjoining position of well head with said inlet well (20), the exterior of said bleed off pipe (20b) and said tank.
CN2011202198451U 2011-06-24 2011-06-24 Water storage device Expired - Fee Related CN202157372U (en)

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102839716A (en) * 2011-06-24 2012-12-26 北京仁创科技集团有限公司 Water storage device
CN103174196A (en) * 2012-04-26 2013-06-26 北京仁创科技集团有限公司 Water body purification device
CN103174195A (en) * 2012-04-26 2013-06-26 北京仁创科技集团有限公司 Water purification and water storage system
CN103174194A (en) * 2012-04-26 2013-06-26 北京仁创科技集团有限公司 Water purification and storage system
WO2013159737A1 (en) * 2012-04-26 2013-10-31 北京仁创科技集团有限公司 Water purification and storage system, water-filtering well and polygonal building block
CN104631547A (en) * 2015-02-12 2015-05-20 云南彬然建筑节能科技有限公司 Rainwater collecting system

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102839716A (en) * 2011-06-24 2012-12-26 北京仁创科技集团有限公司 Water storage device
CN103174196A (en) * 2012-04-26 2013-06-26 北京仁创科技集团有限公司 Water body purification device
CN103174195A (en) * 2012-04-26 2013-06-26 北京仁创科技集团有限公司 Water purification and water storage system
CN103174194A (en) * 2012-04-26 2013-06-26 北京仁创科技集团有限公司 Water purification and storage system
WO2013159737A1 (en) * 2012-04-26 2013-10-31 北京仁创科技集团有限公司 Water purification and storage system, water-filtering well and polygonal building block
CN103174195B (en) * 2012-04-26 2015-02-04 北京仁创科技集团有限公司 Water purification and water storage system
CN103174196B (en) * 2012-04-26 2015-04-15 北京仁创科技集团有限公司 Water body purification device
CN103174194B (en) * 2012-04-26 2015-07-15 北京仁创科技集团有限公司 Water purification and storage system
US9359755B2 (en) 2012-04-26 2016-06-07 Beijing Rechsand Science & Technology Group Co., Ltd. Water purification and storage system, water-filtering well and polygonal building block
CN104631547A (en) * 2015-02-12 2015-05-20 云南彬然建筑节能科技有限公司 Rainwater collecting system

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