CN202152669U - Direct-drive drum full-balanced pumping unit - Google Patents

Direct-drive drum full-balanced pumping unit Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202152669U
CN202152669U CN2011202267930U CN201120226793U CN202152669U CN 202152669 U CN202152669 U CN 202152669U CN 2011202267930 U CN2011202267930 U CN 2011202267930U CN 201120226793 U CN201120226793 U CN 201120226793U CN 202152669 U CN202152669 U CN 202152669U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
frame
cylinder
fixed
polished rod
running block
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN2011202267930U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王建萍
李金民
叶鑫锐
李发成
刘彦涛
苏颖
胡晓林
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Daqing Petroleum Administration Bureau
China National Petroleum Corp
Original Assignee
Daqing Petroleum Administration Bureau
China National Petroleum Corp
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Daqing Petroleum Administration Bureau, China National Petroleum Corp filed Critical Daqing Petroleum Administration Bureau
Priority to CN2011202267930U priority Critical patent/CN202152669U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN202152669U publication Critical patent/CN202152669U/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The utility model relates to a direct-drive drum full-balanced pumping unit, which mainly solves the problems that the existing beam pumping unit has low system effectiveness, bigger energy consumption and inconvenience for parameter adjusting, and is characterized in that a revolution and counter-revolution motor (2)and a drum (3) which are connected through a synchronous pulley and a synchronous belt are fixed at the top of a machine frame (1), wherein a rotary bracket (10) capable of being upward turned is connected to the upper end of the machine frame (1) corresponding to one side of a wellhead through a pin; a steel wire rope (5) wound on the drum (3) is fixed at the upper end of the machine frame (1) after passing through a guide wheel (4) and a polished rod movable pulley block (7); the polished rod movable pulley block (7) is connected with a rope hanger; the other end of the steel wire rope (5) is connected with a balancing weight (11) through a weight movable pulley block (6); position switches (8) are fixed at the upper and the lower parts of a slideway (12); and a sensor (9) is fixed at the upper end of the machine frame (1) corresponding to the position switch (8). The direct-drive drum full-balanced pumping unit has the characteristics of high system effectiveness, small energy consumption and convenience for parameter adjusting.

Description

Directly drive the full balanced oil extractor of cylinder
Technical field
The utility model relates to the used lifting device in oil recovery field, oil field, especially directly drives the full balanced oil extractor of cylinder.
Background technology
In the oil recovery field, oil pumper is the visual plant that recovers the oil.At present, beam pumping unit is mainly adopted in the oil field, and it is made up of mechanisms such as horse head, walking beam, support, reducer, crank connecting link, motor, switch boards.Beam pumping unit exists floor space bigger, and need safeguard whole reducer mechanism intermittent oiling, and because the existence of reducer and quadric chain makes that the efficient of whole pumping unit system is very low, and it is bigger consume energy, transfers the problem of joining inconvenience.Influence cost for oil production.
Summary of the invention
Low in order to solve existing beam pumping unit system efficient, it is bigger to consume energy, and transfers the inconvenient problem of ginseng.The utility model provides a kind of full balanced oil extractor of cylinder that directly drives.This directly drives the full balanced oil extractor of cylinder and has the system effectiveness height, and it is little to consume energy, and transfers the characteristics easily of joining.
The technical scheme of the utility model is: this directly drives the full balanced oil extractor of cylinder and comprises frame, clockwise and anticlockwise motor, cylinder, directive wheel, wire rope, counterweight running block, polished rod running block, travel switch and sensor.Frame top is fixed with clockwise and anticlockwise motor and cylinder, and clockwise and anticlockwise motor links to each other with cylinder with synchronous band through synchronous pulley, and have through pin hinge can retrousse runing rest for corresponding well head one side on the frame; Be connected with directive wheel on the runing rest; Be fixed on the frame upper end behind wire rope process directive wheel that twines on the cylinder and the polished rod running block, the polished rod running block links to each other with polished rod eye, and the wire rope other end is connected with balancing weight through the counterweight running block; Balancing weight is slidingly connected on the guide rail in the frame; The top and the bottom of frame are fixed with travel switch, and frame upper end correspondence course switch is fixed with sensor, and the frame upper end is fixed with switch board; Brake gear is arranged on the cylinder, and the brake of brake gear is placing frame lower.
The utlity model has following beneficial effect: this directly drives the full balanced oil extractor of cylinder owing to adopt frame top to be fixed with clockwise and anticlockwise motor and cylinder, and clockwise and anticlockwise motor links to each other with cylinder with band synchronously through synchronous pulley, and have through pin hinge can retrousse runing rest for corresponding well head one side on the frame; Be connected with directive wheel on the runing rest; Be fixed on the frame upper end behind wire rope process directive wheel that twines on the cylinder and the polished rod running block, the polished rod running block links to each other with polished rod eye, and the wire rope other end is connected with balancing weight through the counterweight running block; Balancing weight is slidingly connected on the guide rail in the frame; Be fixed with travel switch on the frame, frame upper end correspondence course switch is fixed with sensor, and the frame upper end is fixed with switch board; Brake gear is arranged on the cylinder, and the brake of brake gear is the structure that places frame lower.Utilize clockwise and anticlockwise motor, synchronous belt drive mechanism, drive the cylinder rotation, pass through counterweight running block and polished rod running block by the wire rope that is wrapped on the cylinder again, the pumping work of crude oil is accomplished in the sucker rod and the counterweight straight reciprocating motion of traction both sides.Simultaneously because travel switch and sensor have been installed on frame, after being used with the electric-control system of oil pumper, can realize the stroke to oil pumper, the stepless adjustment of jig frequency, can realize that the intelligent trouble of oil pumper is reported to the police and remote control function simultaneously.Thereby the raising system effectiveness, reduce power consumption, make and transfer ginseng convenient.
The improvements that this directly drives the full balanced oil extractor of cylinder have been to cancel transmission mechanisms such as heavy frame, horse head, reducer, four connecting rods, adopt clockwise and anticlockwise motor to drive the cylinder transfer torque through synchronous belt drive mechanism; By the wire rope on cylinder as the traction parts; Counterweight running block and polished rod running block through the cylinder both sides are connected with counterweight and sucker rod, reduced middle transmission link, so energy loss are little; Operational efficiency is high, but saves energy is more than 30%; And, can effectively improve the diameter of motor speed and reduction wire rope owing to adopt the movable pulley Drive Structure; Counterweight adopts the cuboid balancing weight in addition, slides up and down along the guide rail of vertically setting upright on the frame, makes whole oil pumping system operation more steady, reliable; This drives directly that the full balanced oil extractor rack construction of cylinder is simple, volume is little, in light weight, the installation of system, safeguard that to transfer ginseng convenient.This directly drives the full balanced oil extractor of cylinder and has the system effectiveness height thus, and it is little to consume energy, and transfers the characteristics easily of joining.
Description of drawings:
Accompanying drawing 1 is the utility model structural representation.
1-frame among the figure, 2-clockwise and anticlockwise motor, 3-cylinder, 4-directive wheel, 5-wire rope, 6-counterweight running block, 7-polished rod running block, 8-travel switch, 9-sensor, 10-runing rest, 11-balancing weight, 12-guide rail, 13-switch board, 14-are braked.
The specific embodiment:
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing the utility model is described further:
Shown in accompanying drawing, this directly drives the full balanced oil extractor of cylinder and comprises frame 1, clockwise and anticlockwise motor 2, cylinder 3, directive wheel 4, wire rope 5, counterweight running block 6, polished rod running block 7, travel switch 8 and sensor 9.The top of frame 1 is equipped with operating platform; Be fixed with clockwise and anticlockwise motor 2 and cylinder 3 on the operating platform; Clockwise and anticlockwise motor 2 links to each other with cylinder 3 with being with synchronously through synchronous pulley, adopts synchronous belt drive mechanism to realize slowing down, and prevents to take out of synchronously in the transmission process existing skidding.Corresponding well head one side in frame 1 upper end has through pin hinge can retrousse runing rest 10, and runing rest 10 can upwards turn over around bearing pin, through upwards turning over runing rest 10, can get out of the way well head during well workover, makes things convenient for workover treatment.Be connected with directive wheel 4 on the runing rest 10; Be fixed on frame 1 upper end behind six roots of sensation wire rope 5 process directive wheels 4 that twine on the cylinder 3 and the polished rod running block 7; Polished rod running block 7 links to each other with polished rod eye, and wire rope 5 other ends are connected with balancing weight 11 through counterweight running block 6, and balancing weight 11 is slidingly connected on the guide rail 12 in the frame 1; Make the complete machine operation more steady through guide rail 12; The top and the bottom of guide rail 12 are fixed with travel switch 8, and frame 1 upper end correspondence course switch 8 is fixed with sensor 15, and frame 1 upper end is fixed with switch board 13; Travel switch 8 cooperates with the electric-control system of oil pumper with sensor 9, the stepless adjustment of the electronic switching-over of realization clockwise and anticlockwise motor 2 and stroke, jig frequency; Easy for installation and avoid theft for the control system, switch board 13 is installed on the operating platform.On the cylinder 3 brake gear is arranged, the brake of brake gear places frame 1 bottom to 14.
For easy to operate; This oil pumper is equipped with remote controller, and operating personnel can be under the monitoring of ground control system, through clockwise and anticlockwise motor 2, synchronous belt drive mechanism; Drive cylinder 3 rotations; Pass through counterweight running block 6 and polished rod running block 7 by the wire rope 5 that is wrapped on the cylinder 3 again, the pumping work of crude oil is accomplished in the sucker rod and counterweight 11 straight reciprocating motions of traction both sides.
Because this machine adopts wire rope 5 to be wrapped on the cylinder 3 as the traction parts, therefore there are not wire rope 5 and cylinder 3 problem of slip; Owing to adopt synchronous belt drive mechanism, thereby can avoid taking out of synchronously in the transmission process existing skidding.Owing to adopt the movable pulley Drive Structure, thereby can effectively improve the diameter of clockwise and anticlockwise motor 2 rotating speeds and reduction wire rope 5.Owing to adopt bearing pin, when workover treatment, the runing rest part that only needs to be fixed with directive wheel 4 and combination fag end rotates up certain angle around bearing pin, just can abdicate the seat in the plane and carry out workover treatment.Simultaneously because travel switch 8 and sensor 9 have been installed on frame 1, after being used with the electric-control system of oil pumper, can realize the stroke to oil pumper, the stepless adjustment of jig frequency, can realize that the intelligent trouble of oil pumper is reported to the police and remote control function simultaneously.
During actual the use; Through clockwise and anticlockwise motor 2, synchronous belt drive mechanism, drive cylinder 3 rotations, pass through counterweight running block 6 and polished rod running block 7 by the wire rope 5 that is wrapped on the cylinder 3 again; The pumping work of crude oil is accomplished in the sucker rod and counterweight 11 straight reciprocating motions of traction both sides.When clockwise and anticlockwise motor 2 turns clockwise, drive cylinder 3 through synchronous belt drive mechanism and turn clockwise, sucker rod moves downward; Counterweight 11 moves upward, and realizes the pumping function, when counterweight 11 moves upward to design point; Travel switch 8 switching-overs when clockwise and anticlockwise motor 2 is rotated counterclockwise, drives cylinder 3 through synchronous belt drive mechanism and are rotated counterclockwise; Sucker rod moves upward, and counterweight 11 moves downward.Reciprocation cycle and then realize the purpose of lifting well liquid like this.

Claims (1)

1. one kind is directly driven the full balanced oil extractor of cylinder; Comprise frame (1), clockwise and anticlockwise motor (2), cylinder (3), directive wheel (4), wire rope (5), counterweight running block (6), polished rod running block (7), travel switch (8) and sensor (9); It is characterized in that: frame (1) top is fixed with clockwise and anticlockwise motor (2) and cylinder (3), and clockwise and anticlockwise motor (2) links to each other with cylinder (3) with synchronous band through synchronous pulley, and have through pin hinge can retrousse runing rest (10) for corresponding well head one side on the frame (1); Be connected with directive wheel (4) on the runing rest (10); Be fixed on frame (1) upper end behind wire rope (5) process directive wheel (4) that cylinder (3) upward twines and the polished rod running block (7), polished rod running block (7) links to each other with polished rod eye, and wire rope (5) other end is connected with balancing weight (11) through counterweight running block (6); Balancing weight (11) is slidingly connected on the guide rail (12) in the frame (1); The top and the bottom of frame (1) are fixed with travel switch (8), and frame (1) upper end correspondence course switch (8) is fixed with sensor (9), and frame (1) upper end is fixed with switch board (13); Cylinder has brake gear on (3), and the brake of brake gear places frame (1) bottom to (14).
CN2011202267930U 2011-06-30 2011-06-30 Direct-drive drum full-balanced pumping unit Expired - Fee Related CN202152669U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011202267930U CN202152669U (en) 2011-06-30 2011-06-30 Direct-drive drum full-balanced pumping unit

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011202267930U CN202152669U (en) 2011-06-30 2011-06-30 Direct-drive drum full-balanced pumping unit

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN202152669U true CN202152669U (en) 2012-02-29

Family

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2011202267930U Expired - Fee Related CN202152669U (en) 2011-06-30 2011-06-30 Direct-drive drum full-balanced pumping unit

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN202152669U (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101949279A (en) * 2010-09-29 2011-01-19 叶江波 Counterweight balancing vertical hydraulic pumping unit
CN102926715A (en) * 2012-11-19 2013-02-13 潍坊天信散热器有限公司 Chain-type oil pumping unit
CN103615221A (en) * 2013-12-18 2014-03-05 黑龙江大学 Energy-saving pumping unit

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101949279A (en) * 2010-09-29 2011-01-19 叶江波 Counterweight balancing vertical hydraulic pumping unit
CN102926715A (en) * 2012-11-19 2013-02-13 潍坊天信散热器有限公司 Chain-type oil pumping unit
CN103615221A (en) * 2013-12-18 2014-03-05 黑龙江大学 Energy-saving pumping unit
CN103615221B (en) * 2013-12-18 2016-03-09 黑龙江大学 A kind of energy-saving pumping unit

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Date Code Title Description
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20120229

Termination date: 20170630