CN202124625U - Multifunctional biological solid fermentation tank - Google Patents

Multifunctional biological solid fermentation tank Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202124625U
CN202124625U CN 201120229646 CN201120229646U CN202124625U CN 202124625 U CN202124625 U CN 202124625U CN 201120229646 CN201120229646 CN 201120229646 CN 201120229646 U CN201120229646 U CN 201120229646U CN 202124625 U CN202124625 U CN 202124625U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
fermentation tank
tank
horizontal
fermentor tank
top
Prior art date
Application number
CN 201120229646
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
翟磊
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南京润泽生物工程设备有限公司
翟磊
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Priority to CN 201120229646 priority Critical patent/CN202124625U/en
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Publication of CN202124625U publication Critical patent/CN202124625U/en

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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C12BIOCHEMISTRY; BEER; SPIRITS; WINE; VINEGAR; MICROBIOLOGY; ENZYMOLOGY; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING
    • C12MAPPARATUS FOR ENZYMOLOGY OR MICROBIOLOGY; APPARATUS FOR CULTURING MICROORGANISMS FOR PRODUCING BIOMASS, FOR GROWING CELLS OR FOR OBTAINING FERMENTATION OR METABOLIC PRODUCTS, i.e. BIOREACTORS OR FERMENTERS
    • C12M21/00Bioreactors or fermenters specially adapted for specific uses
    • C12M21/16Solid state fermenters, e.g. for koji production
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C12BIOCHEMISTRY; BEER; SPIRITS; WINE; VINEGAR; MICROBIOLOGY; ENZYMOLOGY; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING
    • C12MAPPARATUS FOR ENZYMOLOGY OR MICROBIOLOGY; APPARATUS FOR CULTURING MICROORGANISMS FOR PRODUCING BIOMASS, FOR GROWING CELLS OR FOR OBTAINING FERMENTATION OR METABOLIC PRODUCTS, i.e. BIOREACTORS OR FERMENTERS
    • C12M23/00Constructional details, e.g. recesses, hinges
    • C12M23/38Caps; Covers; Plugs; Pouring means
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C12BIOCHEMISTRY; BEER; SPIRITS; WINE; VINEGAR; MICROBIOLOGY; ENZYMOLOGY; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING
    • C12MAPPARATUS FOR ENZYMOLOGY OR MICROBIOLOGY; APPARATUS FOR CULTURING MICROORGANISMS FOR PRODUCING BIOMASS, FOR GROWING CELLS OR FOR OBTAINING FERMENTATION OR METABOLIC PRODUCTS, i.e. BIOREACTORS OR FERMENTERS
    • C12M29/00Means for introduction, extraction or recirculation of materials, e.g. pumps
    • C12M29/06Nozzles; Sprayers; Spargers; Diffusers
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C12BIOCHEMISTRY; BEER; SPIRITS; WINE; VINEGAR; MICROBIOLOGY; ENZYMOLOGY; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING
    • C12MAPPARATUS FOR ENZYMOLOGY OR MICROBIOLOGY; APPARATUS FOR CULTURING MICROORGANISMS FOR PRODUCING BIOMASS, FOR GROWING CELLS OR FOR OBTAINING FERMENTATION OR METABOLIC PRODUCTS, i.e. BIOREACTORS OR FERMENTERS
    • C12M41/00Means for regulation, monitoring, measurement or control, e.g. flow regulation
    • C12M41/42Means for regulation, monitoring, measurement or control, e.g. flow regulation of agitation speed

Abstract

The utility model relates to a multifunctional biological solid fermentation tank. The multifunctional biological solid fermentation tank comprises a horizontal fermentation tank, wherein the horizontal fermentation tank is provided with a clamping sleeve, a charging hole is arranged at the top of the fermentation tank, a discharging hole is arranged at the bottom of the fermentation tank, a horizontal scrapper pushing paddle is horizontally arranged at the middle part of the horizontal fermentation tank, an auger is arranged at the lower part of the fermentation tank and is parallel to the horizontal scrapper pushing paddle, a spraying device and a gas inlet device are respectively arranged at the top of the fermentation tank and the bottom of the auger, and an air pressure cap is arranged at the top of the fermentation tank and is connected with a vacuum pumping system. In the utility model, as a unique horizontal propeller in a tank body and an auger below a pipe body matching system is adopted, the axial and radial circulation of solid materials in the tank body can be realized during the fermentation through controlling rotating speed and rotating direction of the tank body, so that the solid materials can be mixed completely, and non-uniform mixing of the materials in the tank is avoided; vacuum drying and automatic discharging can be realized after the fermentation; and the multifunctional biological solid fermentation tank has the advantages that the microbiological contamination is not easy, the occupied space is small, the automation degree is high, the labor force is saved, and the investment is saved, etc.

Description

A kind of multifunctional bio solid-state fermentation tank

Technical field

The utility model relates to a kind of multifunctional bio solid-state fermentation tank, belongs to biological fermentation equipment processing and manufacturing field.

Background technology

Solid fermentation is risen in China; Have long history in several thousand, solid fermentation can be used for producing numerous products such as biological fodder, biological chemical fertilizer, biological pesticide, zymin, organic acid, functional food, has the production efficiency height; Facility investment is few, advantages such as environmentally safe.Solid fermentation by insoluble with form in the solid of water, a spot of moisture and air; Fermenting process production by biological thermal conductance causes moisture evaporation; Make fermentation system have the solid uneven three-phase of gas-liquid; There are serious concentration gradient and heat transfer, mass transfer difficulty, are difficult to control pH value, moisture, fermentation humiture etc. like this, fermentation yield is descended greatly.Fairly large solid fermentation device mainly contains shallow tray fermentation, thick-layer ventilating fermentation pond, disc type solid fermentation, three-dimensional tapered solid fermentor tank etc. at present.But shallow tray fermentation exists the amount of labour used big, the easy microbiological contamination of inoculation culture link, can't large-scale production etc. shortcoming; Thick-layer ventilating fermentation pond exists the charging discharging can't realize robotization, and inoculation and the easy microbiological contamination of fermenting process such as can't mix at shortcoming; The disc type solid fermentation exists coefficient low, mix inhomogeneous, inoculation difficulty, shortcoming such as discharging is unclean has only single fermentation function, can't realize functions such as sterilization, vacuum dehydrating at lower temperature; The mixing of materials of three-dimensional tapered solid fermentor tank is inhomogeneous, and energy consumption is big, inoculation difficulty, and no functions/drying can't uniform mixing to material in the fermenting process, and humiture is inhomogeneous.Therefore there are many shortcomings in existing solid fermentation equipment, and the generation application of solid fermentation is almost stayed cool, and can't realize the suitability for industrialized production of solid fermentation.

The utility model content

The utility model technical problem to be solved is; Overcome the shortcoming of prior art; Propose a kind of multifunctional bio solid-state fermentation tank, the functions such as required automatic feed, batch mixes, sterilization on the throne, cooling, liquid inoculation, temperature control, control are wet, fermentation, ventilation, vacuum drying, self-emptying of can fermenting to solid materials are accomplished in solid-state fermentation tank simultaneously.

In order to solve above technical problem, the utility model provides a kind of multifunctional bio solid-state fermentation tank, comprises the horizontal fermentor tank that is provided with chuck, and the top of fermentor tank has opening for feed, and the bottom has discharge port; The middle part of horizontal fermentor tank is horizontally installed with horizontal scraping and copies the propelling blade, is provided with in the bottom of fermentor tank with horizontal scraping and copies the parallel auger of propelling blade; Be respectively equipped with spraying plant and gas access equipment at the top of fermentor tank and the bottom of auger; The fermentor tank top is provided with the air pressure cap that links to each other with pumped vacuum systems.

The utility model is provided with horizontal scraping and copies the propelling blade in tank body; Has installed screw auger and has advanced the blade sheet side under jar; Select stainless steel or carbon steel material for use; Adopt chuck and gas access equipment that tank body is incubated and cool off, intravital the scraping of jar copied propelling blade and auger backward rotation each other when work; During discharging, material is advanced to discharging place equilibrium, guarantee a jar interior no buildup, be convenient to clear up through auger square under the jar; Sterile air is fed through the gas access equipment at pot bottom; To ventilating in the fermentation tank body; Adopt the different multiple logical oxygen modes of controlling for different materials and different nutrient solutions, utilization air-flow pulse and atomized water spray mode make a jar interior material roll humiture, moisture and amount of oxygen in the controlling tank up and down; Copy the stirring that advances blade through scraping, when material move in jar about, about roll, can make material in jar, not change dead and be bonded together, material is uniformly dispersed in jar.

The technical scheme that the utility model further limits is: aforesaid multifunctional bio solid-state fermentation tank; Pumped vacuum systems comprises by vacuum pump, vacuum cooling tower, vacuum air water separator and vacuum buffer tank and being composed in series successively through pipeline; The connecting tube of the air pressure cap of vacuum buffer tank and fermentor tank is provided with air pressure reduction pulse formula SV; Be used with the gas access equipment of bottom, make material in jar, not be prone to the dead angle, fully stirring reaction through being blown into gas.

Aforesaid multifunctional bio solid-state fermentation tank, some airflow manifold that the gas access equipment is responsible for and is connected on the gas person in charge by gas are formed, and airflow manifold links to each other with the auger bottom, makes the gas that is blown into even, and the bottom does not have buildup.

Aforesaid multifunctional bio solid-state fermentation tank is equipped with thermometric moisture probe and material moisture detection probe respectively at the two ends of fermentor tank, in order to measure jar interior real-time humiture and real-time moisture content.

Aforesaid multifunctional bio solid-state fermentation tank, fermentor tank top is provided with the visor mouth, also is provided with the visor lamp in the relative side with the visor mouth.

Further, aforesaid multifunctional bio solid-state fermentation tank, in order in time to understand jar internal reaction situation and jar internal pressure and air flow quantity, tensimeter and air flowmeter also are equipped with in the top of fermentor tank.

The beneficial effect of the utility model is: in the utility model, can accomplish all operations of solid fermentation; Thoroughly solved conventional solid fermentation equipment function singleness; Be prone to microbiological contamination, labor capacity is big, coefficient is low; Difficult problems such as uncontrollable mixing stirring, temperature, humidity, moisture content have realized the commercial scale prodn of solid fermentation, reduce production costs and facility investment.

Description of drawings

Fig. 1 is the utility model fermentor tank structural representation.

Fig. 2 is the utility model fermentor tank sectional view.

Figure: 1. Spout 2. Auger 3. Temperature, humidity and moisture content detection probe 4. Bush 5. Spray tube 6. Spray casing 7. Gauge 8. pressure cap 9. Inlet 10. insulation jacket 11. bearing envelope 12. bearing seat 13. spindle 14 gas into the apparatus manifold 15. gas through into the unit supervisor 16 Air pressure pulsed solenoid valve 17. vacuum buffer tank 18. vacuum separator 19. vacuum cooling tower 20. cooling water pump 21. vacuum pump 22. Depending on mirror mouth 23. horizontal blades scraping advance copy 24. jacket inlet 25. jacket outlet 26. insulation laminated sleeve 27. sight glass lamp

Embodiment

Embodiment 1

A kind of multifunctional bio solid-state fermentation tank that present embodiment provides, structure is as depicted in figs. 1 and 2, comprises the horizontal fermentor tank that is provided with chuck, and the top of fermentor tank has opening for feed 9, and the bottom has discharge port 1; The middle part of horizontal fermentor tank be horizontally installed with horizontal scrape to copy advance blade 23, be provided with in the bottom of fermentor tank with horizontal scraping and copy the auger 2 that advances blade 23 parallel; Be respectively equipped with spraying plant and gas access equipment at the top of fermentor tank and the bottom of auger 2; The fermentor tank top is provided with the air pressure cap 8 that links to each other with pumped vacuum systems; At the two ends of fermentor tank thermometric humidity and moisture content detection probe 3 are housed respectively; The gas access equipment is by the gas person in charge 15 and be connected that gas is responsible for if gas access equipment arm 14 being formed; Gas access equipment arm 14 links to each other with auger 2 bottoms; Fermentor tank top is provided with visor mouth 22; Relative side with visor mouth 22 also is provided with visor lamp 27, and tensimeter 7 and air flowmeter (meaning not shown in the figures) also are housed at the top of fermentor tank, respectively in order in time to understand jar internal reaction situation and jar internal pressure and air flow quantity.

Pumped vacuum systems comprises by vacuum pump 21, vacuum cooling tower 19, vacuum air water separator 18 and vacuum buffer tank 17 and being composed in series successively through pipeline; Lower the temperature through cooling-water pump 20 on vacuum cooling tower 19 tops, vacuum buffer tank 17 is provided with air pressure reduction pulse formula SV 16 with the connecting tube of the air pressure cap 8 of fermentor tank.

The use step of the utility model: at first the fermentor tank raw material is fed in the fermentor tank through machinery or manual method from opening for feed 9, feeding quantity is about 50% of a jar cubic capacity, adds suitable moisture; Start a speed governing master motor and jar auger motor of beneath side, horizontal spiral oar 23 is motion stirring in the other direction with auger 2 under the driving of motor, make the material cyclic motion reach even; The sealing charging opening; Gas access equipment through auger bottom at the bottom of the jar be responsible for 15 and isocon feed 120~125 ℃ steam material carried out high-temperature sterilization; After sterilization finishes; In the outside chuck of tank body, feeding water coolant cools off the material after sterilizing; After being cooled to predetermined leavening temperature, launch a plurality of spraying plants that tank body top is provided with and be injected to the liquid seeds in the seeding tank in the solid-state fermentation tank with aseptic compressed air, the person in charge 15 of the air access equipment through auger bottom at the bottom of the jar and shunt pipe 14 feed sterile airs and carry out pressurize and operate again; Free air delivery in tank body top is provided with exhaust air pressure cap 8 and air pressurized SV 16 control fermentor tanks; When the pressure of the tensimeter 7 of fermentor tank reaches pre-set pressure, open automatically through air pressure reduction pulse formula SV 16 on the vapor pipe and to carry out exhaust, material in the jar is carried out dynamic temperature-regulating, damping and pulse mix; After the fermentation ends, close the gas access equipment and be responsible for the valve on 15, in chuck, feed hot water or directly feed steam material in the jar is carried out heating operation; After reaching preset temperature, to carrying out the pulling vacuum operation in the fermentor tank, make the moisture in the material pull out a jar outer purpose that reaches oven drying at low temperature through gas exhaust duct; Oven drying at low temperature is during to predetermined moisture; Open discharge port 1, start buncher, drives horizontal scrape to copy advance blade 23 and auger 2 that material is removed out fermentor tank fully.

Except that the foregoing description, the utility model can also have other embodiments.All employings are equal to the technical scheme of replacement or equivalent transformation formation, all drop on the protection domain of the utility model requirement.

Claims (6)

1. a multifunctional bio solid-state fermentation tank comprises the horizontal fermentor tank that is provided with chuck, and the top of said fermentor tank has opening for feed, and the bottom has discharge port; It is characterized in that: the middle part of said horizontal fermentor tank is horizontally installed with horizontal scraping and copies the propelling blade, is provided with in the bottom of said fermentor tank with said horizontal scraping and copies the parallel auger of propelling blade; Be respectively equipped with spraying plant and gas access equipment at the top of said fermentor tank and the bottom of said auger; Said fermentor tank top is provided with the air pressure cap that links to each other with pumped vacuum systems.
2. multifunctional bio solid-state fermentation tank according to claim 1; It is characterized in that: said pumped vacuum systems comprises by vacuum pump, vacuum cooling tower, vacuum air water separator and vacuum buffer tank and being composed in series successively through pipeline that the connecting tube of the air pressure cap of said vacuum buffer tank and said fermentor tank is provided with air pressure reduction pulse formula SV.
3. multifunctional bio solid-state fermentation tank according to claim 1 is characterized in that: some airflow manifold that said gas access equipment is responsible for and is connected by gas on the said gas person in charge are formed, and said airflow manifold links to each other with said auger bottom.
4. multifunctional bio solid-state fermentation tank according to claim 1 is characterized in that: at the two ends of said fermentor tank thermometric moisture probe and material moisture detection probe are housed respectively.
5. multifunctional bio solid-state fermentation tank according to claim 1 is characterized in that: said fermentor tank top is provided with the visor mouth, also is provided with the visor lamp in the relative side with said visor mouth.
6. multifunctional bio solid-state fermentation tank according to claim 1 is characterized in that: tensimeter also is equipped with at the top of said fermentor tank.
CN 201120229646 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 Multifunctional biological solid fermentation tank CN202124625U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201120229646 CN202124625U (en) 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 Multifunctional biological solid fermentation tank

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201120229646 CN202124625U (en) 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 Multifunctional biological solid fermentation tank

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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102634454A (en) * 2012-04-27 2012-08-15 镇江江工生物工程成套设备有限公司 Solid-state rapid sterilizing microorganism reactor and control method thereof
CN103027250A (en) * 2012-12-09 2013-04-10 河北省科学院生物研究所 Fermentation and sterilization integrated equipment for natto production and fermentation method
CN103497891A (en) * 2013-10-09 2014-01-08 长沙理工大学 Microbiological solid-state seed producing and fermenting device
CN103976137A (en) * 2014-03-13 2014-08-13 候瑞平 Equipment and technology for utilizing abelmoschus esculentus residue to prepare efficient bioactive feed
CN104725092A (en) * 2015-04-02 2015-06-24 浙江明佳环保科技有限公司 Fermenting, reversing and drying all-in-one machine for organic fertilizer
CN105462813A (en) * 2016-01-05 2016-04-06 贵州省轻工业科学研究所 Combined mechanical ventilation fermenting and drying dual-purpose tank
CN106399085A (en) * 2016-09-22 2017-02-15 福州科力恩生物科技有限公司 Device and method for degrading residual toxin in medicine residues
CN106881334A (en) * 2017-03-23 2017-06-23 爱壹可(厦门)生物科技有限公司 Animals and plants fermenting organic material mechanism of degradation
CN108948783A (en) * 2018-07-12 2018-12-07 苏州麻朵纺织科技有限公司 The method of indigo plant leaf High Efficiency Solid-State fermenting and producing vegetable colour

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102634454A (en) * 2012-04-27 2012-08-15 镇江江工生物工程成套设备有限公司 Solid-state rapid sterilizing microorganism reactor and control method thereof
CN103027250A (en) * 2012-12-09 2013-04-10 河北省科学院生物研究所 Fermentation and sterilization integrated equipment for natto production and fermentation method
CN103497891A (en) * 2013-10-09 2014-01-08 长沙理工大学 Microbiological solid-state seed producing and fermenting device
CN103976137A (en) * 2014-03-13 2014-08-13 候瑞平 Equipment and technology for utilizing abelmoschus esculentus residue to prepare efficient bioactive feed
CN104725092A (en) * 2015-04-02 2015-06-24 浙江明佳环保科技有限公司 Fermenting, reversing and drying all-in-one machine for organic fertilizer
CN105462813A (en) * 2016-01-05 2016-04-06 贵州省轻工业科学研究所 Combined mechanical ventilation fermenting and drying dual-purpose tank
CN106399085A (en) * 2016-09-22 2017-02-15 福州科力恩生物科技有限公司 Device and method for degrading residual toxin in medicine residues
CN106399085B (en) * 2016-09-22 2019-04-30 福州科力恩生物科技有限公司 A kind of dregs of a decoction remnants toxin decomposition apparatus and its biodegrading process
CN106881334A (en) * 2017-03-23 2017-06-23 爱壹可(厦门)生物科技有限公司 Animals and plants fermenting organic material mechanism of degradation
CN108948783A (en) * 2018-07-12 2018-12-07 苏州麻朵纺织科技有限公司 The method of indigo plant leaf High Efficiency Solid-State fermenting and producing vegetable colour

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20120125

Termination date: 20150701

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