CN202096935U - Straw pulverization centrifugal positioning squeezer - Google Patents

Straw pulverization centrifugal positioning squeezer Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202096935U
CN202096935U CN 201120197179 CN201120197179U CN202096935U CN 202096935 U CN202096935 U CN 202096935U CN 201120197179 CN201120197179 CN 201120197179 CN 201120197179 U CN201120197179 U CN 201120197179U CN 202096935 U CN202096935 U CN 202096935U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
chamber
rubbing
shaft
stalk
main shaft
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
CN 201120197179
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
高小林
高阁
高标
张振波
Original Assignee
高小林
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Filing date
Publication date
Priority to CN201120087383 priority Critical
Priority to CN201120087383.2 priority
Application filed by 高小林 filed Critical 高小林
Priority to CN 201120197179 priority patent/CN202096935U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN202096935U publication Critical patent/CN202096935U/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01JCHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROCESSES, e.g. CATALYSIS OR COLLOID CHEMISTRY; THEIR RELEVANT APPARATUS
    • B01J2/00Processes or devices for granulating materials, e.g. fertilisers in general; Rendering particulate materials free flowing in general, e.g. making them hydrophobic
    • B01J2/20Processes or devices for granulating materials, e.g. fertilisers in general; Rendering particulate materials free flowing in general, e.g. making them hydrophobic by expressing the material, e.g. through sieves and fragmenting the extruded length

Abstract

The utility model relates to a straw pulverization centrifugal positioning squeezer, which belongs to agricultural machinery and comprises a driving machine, a variable speed gearbox, a pelleting chamber and a rubbing chamber. An output shaft of the driving machine is fixedly connected with a horizontal input shaft of the variable speed gearbox, and a perpendicular main shaft of the variable speed gearbox penetrates through the pelleting chamber and the rubbing chamber. An H-shaped roller carrier is fixed onto the perpendicular main shaft of the pelleting chamber, and more than one squeezing roller which is movably matched with a pore plate of the cylinder wall of the pelleting chamber at intervals is arranged on a vertical shaft at the outer end of the H-shaped roller carrier. Horizontal grate boards are arranged between the rubbing chamber and the pelleting chamber, more than one group of roller shafts is horizontally fixed to the perpendicular main shaft in the rubbing chamber, rubbing rollers movably matched with the grate boards at intervals are arranged on the groups of roller shafts respectively, and the circumferential wall of the rubbing chamber extends upwardly to be connected with a feeding hopper. The straw pulverization centrifugal positioning squeezer is reasonable in structural design, fine in quality tightness of produced products, not limited by moisture content of straws, high in production efficiency and adaptive to large-scale industrialized production.

Description

Stalk pulverizes centrifugal location extruder
Technical field
The utility model belongs to agricultural machinery, relates in particular to a kind of stalk and pulverizes centrifugal location extruder.
Background technology
Development along with mechanization of agriculture; The domestic basic realization of crops harvesting mechanization; Particularly wheat, paddy rice and corn have been realized combine operation basically, but a large amount of crop material that produces to agricultural production, and its processing mode mainly is to return field, bundling after the crushed stalk, cut back and do fuel, be processed into several kinds of modes such as feed; Agricultural machinery product to these several kinds of processing modes mainly contains: one, stalk crasher; Major function is to go back to the field after the crushed stalk, and its weak point is can not rot then after stalk goes back to the field, makes troubles to agro-farming; Two, straw baler, major function are to be used for generating, making feed behind the stalk bundling, and its weak point is to gather in the stalk that is cut down, does not solve the problem of transportation and storage behind the bundling, and the stalk after handling does not reach the fineness of making feed; Three, straw harvesting machine; Major function is that fuel is done in the stalk recovery, because of its straw burning calorific value is low, reduces to some extent before so reclaim the amount of doing fuel with stalk; Stalk too much expands like this, the hidden danger of being brought take up room bigger, perishable contaminated air, fire hazardous.Four, stalk factory formula rolling and forming machine, major function are to roll after transporting to the place to stalk, and weak point is the problem that unresolved stalk cuts, ties, transports; Depend merely on the peasant and cut the entrucking of falling the bundling to stalk voluntarily and transport to factory, the peasant is wasted time and energy, and the interests that obtain are few; Make its factory of would rather on-site incineration also not bothering to see me out; Cause rolling Machines Plant's starving, the processing mode of while peasant's on-site incineration is contaminated air not only, also brings hidden danger to fire safety.To above-mentioned variety of issue, used a kind of stalk granulator to receive an acclaim very much on the agricultural at present, it is stalk to be processed particle make feed or fuel reservoir; Can practice thrift a large amount of occupation of land spaces, but because its structural design is unreasonable, it there is strict demand to the stalk water content; Water content is too high, and it just can not be worked, and the close property of production product matter is poor; Production efficiency is low, can not form industrial and large-scale production.
Summary of the invention
The utility model is intended to overcome the deficiency of prior art, provides a kind of stalk to pulverize centrifugal location extruder.
The stalk of the utility model pulverizes centrifugal location extruder, is to be made up of driving machine, change gear box, granulation chamber and the chamber of rubbing.The output shaft of driving machine fixes with the horizontal power shaft of change gear box and connects, and the vertical main shaft of change gear box runs through granulation chamber and rubs the chamber.On the vertical main shaft of granulation chamber, fix I-shaped forming roll frame, on the vertical shaft of I-shaped forming roll frame outer end and with the barrel orifice plate of granulation chamber, become with gap movingly more than one compression roller.Rub horizontal grate plate is arranged between chamber and the granulation chamber, the one group of above roll shaft of having rubbed crosswise fixed on the indoor vertical main shaft, on each group roll shaft and with the grate plate, become with gap movingly to rub roller; The ring wall of rubbing the chamber extends upward and is connecting feed hopper.
As the further improvement of the utility model, on the roller wall of compression roller, arranging with orifice plate by the hole mutually convex-concave cooperate newborn protruding, synchromesh gear has been fixed in the upper end of compression roller, corresponding gear ring is meshed on gear and the granulation chamber inwall.
As the further improvement of the utility model, be provided with the pellet annular collection trough in the ring week of granulation chamber's outer wall, feeder is provided with discharging opening.
The stalk of the utility model pulverizes centrifugal location extruder, reasonable in design, and the close property of the product matter of producing is good, does not receive the moisture quantitative limitation of stalk, and production efficiency is high, can large-scale industrial production.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation that the stalk of the utility model pulverizes centrifugal location extruder.
The specific embodiment
The stalk of the utility model pulverizes centrifugal location extruder, is by driving machine 1, change gear box 2, granulation chamber 3 and rubs chamber 4 and constitute.The output shaft 5 of driving machine 1 fixes with the horizontal power shaft 6 of change gear box 2 and connects, and the vertical main shaft 7 of change gear box 2 runs through granulation chamber 3 and rubs chamber 4; On the vertical main shaft 7 of granulation chamber 3, fixed I-shaped forming roll frame 8, on the vertical shaft 20 of I-shaped forming roll frame 8 outer ends and with 9 one-tenth of the barrel orifice plates of granulation chamber 3 with gap movingly more than one compression roller 10; Rub horizontal grate plate 11 is arranged between chamber 4 and the granulation chamber 3, the one group of above roll shaft 12 of having rubbed on the vertical main shaft 7 in the chamber 4 crosswise fixed, on each group roll shaft 12 and with 11 one-tenth of grate plates with gap movingly rub roller 13; The ring wall of rubbing chamber 4 extends upward and is connecting feed hopper 14.
Arranging on the roller wall of compression roller 10 with orifice plate 9 by the hole mutually convex-concave cooperate newborn protruding 19, synchromesh gear 17 has been fixed in the upper end of compression roller 10, corresponding gear ring 18 is meshed on gear 17 and granulation chamber 3 inwalls.
Ring week at granulation chamber's 3 outer walls is provided with pellet annular collection trough 15, and feeder 15 is provided with discharging opening 16.
During work, straw sent into from feed hopper rub indoorly, roll through the pressure of rubbing roller, destroyed the moisture content of fiber in the stalk effectively, stalk moisture content is reduced, stalk powder passes when horizontal grate plate gets into granulation chamber and just can not stop up; In addition, rub in roller and the horizontal grate plate work fricative heat of high temperature and can a part of water evaporates in the stalk be fallen, also can make the stalk air dry.Stalk gets into granulation chamber through the grate plate, and in action of centrifugal force, stalk powder rotates in granulation chamber, and compression roller is squeezed into particle with stalk powder and from orifice plate, extrudes the entering feeder.Remaining water evaporates is fallen in the frictional heat pin stalk that in compression roller and orifice plate rotation extrusion, produces, thereby makes finished product.

Claims (3)

1. stalk pulverizes centrifugal location extruder; Be by driving machine (1), change gear box (2), granulation chamber (3) and rub chamber (4) and constitute; The output shaft (5) that it is characterized in that driving machine (1) fixes with the horizontal power shaft (6) of change gear box (2) and connects, and the vertical main shaft (7) of change gear box (2) runs through granulation chamber (3) and rubs chamber (4); On the vertical main shaft (7) of granulation chamber (3), fixed I-shaped forming roll frame (8), the vertical shaft (20) in I-shaped forming roll frame (8) outer end upward and with the barrel orifice plate (9) of granulation chamber (3) has become with gap movingly more than one compression roller (10); Rubbing between chamber (4) and the granulation chamber (3) has horizontal grate plate (11), rubs vertical main shaft (7) in the chamber (4) the one group of above roll shaft (12) of having gone up crosswise fixed, goes up and has become with gap movingly to rub roller (13) with grate plate (11) at each group roll shaft (12); The ring wall of rubbing chamber (4) extends upward and is connecting feed hopper (14).
2. stalk as claimed in claim 1 pulverizes centrifugal location extruder; It is characterized in that arranging on the roller wall of compression roller (10) with orifice plate (9) by hole convex-concave newborn protruding (19) that cooperate mutually; Synchromesh gear (17) has been fixed in the upper end of compression roller (10), and corresponding gear ring (18) is meshed on gear (17) and granulation chamber (3) inwall.
3. stalk as claimed in claim 1 pulverizes centrifugal location extruder, it is characterized in that granulation chamber (3) outer wall be provided with pellet annular collection trough (15) ring week, feeder (15) is provided with discharging opening (16).
CN 201120197179 2011-03-29 2011-06-13 Straw pulverization centrifugal positioning squeezer Expired - Lifetime CN202096935U (en)

Priority Applications (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201120087383 2011-03-29
CN201120087383.2 2011-03-29
CN 201120197179 CN202096935U (en) 2011-03-29 2011-06-13 Straw pulverization centrifugal positioning squeezer

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201120197179 CN202096935U (en) 2011-03-29 2011-06-13 Straw pulverization centrifugal positioning squeezer

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN202096935U true CN202096935U (en) 2012-01-04

Family

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Family Applications (2)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201110157464.XA Expired - Fee Related CN102218283B (en) 2011-03-29 2011-06-13 Straw crushing centrifugal positioning extruder
CN 201120197179 Expired - Lifetime CN202096935U (en) 2011-03-29 2011-06-13 Straw pulverization centrifugal positioning squeezer

Family Applications Before (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201110157464.XA Expired - Fee Related CN102218283B (en) 2011-03-29 2011-06-13 Straw crushing centrifugal positioning extruder

Country Status (2)

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CN (2) CN102218283B (en)
WO (1) WO2012130187A2 (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102218283A (en) * 2011-03-29 2011-10-19 高小林 Straw crushing centrifugal positioning extruder

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
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CN104841337B (en) * 2015-05-26 2017-04-05 安徽大地节能科技有限公司 A kind of cycloidal type granulator
CN105032293A (en) * 2015-07-09 2015-11-11 生之道生态农业科技股份有限公司 Biological-organic-inorganic compound fertilizer production apparatus
CN104959075A (en) * 2015-07-09 2015-10-07 生之道生态农业科技股份有限公司 Pelletizer for producing functional soil conditioner
CN105196599A (en) * 2015-08-24 2015-12-30 太仓澄天机械有限公司 Straw briquetting machine

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AUPP148398A0 (en) * 1998-01-23 1998-02-19 Crop Care Australasia Pty Ltd Granulator
JPH11276878A (en) * 1998-03-31 1999-10-12 Shinko Invest:Kk Extrusion type granulating apparatus
CN200945428Y (en) * 2006-08-09 2007-09-12 刘万里 Biomass granule forming machine
CN101239293A (en) * 2007-11-20 2008-08-13 曲阜市应用科技研究所 Stalk granule manufacturing method and equipment using the method
CN201263978Y (en) * 2008-09-22 2009-07-01 金正道 Pellet mill for stalk
CN201389444Y (en) * 2009-01-20 2010-01-27 刘殿森 Biomass fuel pelletizer
CN201572628U (en) * 2009-04-09 2010-09-08 青岛子鹤工贸有限公司 Double-millstone granulator
CN201558685U (en) * 2009-05-25 2010-08-25 广州迪森热能技术股份有限公司 A pelleting machine for preparing biomass forming fuel
CN201701908U (en) * 2010-04-16 2011-01-12 胡兴海 Double-diaphragm granulation machine
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CN102218283B (en) * 2011-03-29 2014-04-16 高小林 Straw crushing centrifugal positioning extruder

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102218283A (en) * 2011-03-29 2011-10-19 高小林 Straw crushing centrifugal positioning extruder

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
WO2012130187A2 (en) 2012-10-04
CN102218283B (en) 2014-04-16
WO2012130187A3 (en) 2012-11-22
CN102218283A (en) 2011-10-19

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
AV01 Patent right actively abandoned

Granted publication date: 20120104

Effective date of abandoning: 20140416

RGAV Abandon patent right to avoid regrant