CN202092685U - Wireless industrial flow transmitter - Google Patents

Wireless industrial flow transmitter Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202092685U
CN202092685U CN2011201610660U CN201120161066U CN202092685U CN 202092685 U CN202092685 U CN 202092685U CN 2011201610660 U CN2011201610660 U CN 2011201610660U CN 201120161066 U CN201120161066 U CN 201120161066U CN 202092685 U CN202092685 U CN 202092685U
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China
Prior art keywords
pin
power supply
resistance
wireless
mcu
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN2011201610660U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王洪元
王天成
刘仁广
陈云
龙霄
万军
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JIANGSU HONGGUANG METER FACTORY CO Ltd
Changzhou University
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JIANGSU HONGGUANG METER FACTORY CO Ltd
Changzhou University
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Priority to CN2011201610660U priority Critical patent/CN202092685U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN202092685U publication Critical patent/CN202092685U/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a wireless industrial flow transmitter which comprises a three-way shell, a WIAPA-M1800 wireless adapter, a master controller circuit board, a display, a 3.3V power supply, and a WIA (Windows Image Acquisition) gateway, wherein the display is arranged at and the power supply is connected with two larger openings of the shell, the shell is internally provided with the WIAPA-M1800 wireless adapter and the master controller circuit board, a wireless antenna is arranged at a smaller opening of the shell, a pressure sensor and a temperature sensor are directly connected out from the master controller circuit board to a pipe, and the display is connected to the master controller circuit board by a contact pin. Based on an intelligent wireless network WIA technology system, the wireless industrial flow transmitter meets IEEE802.15.4 wireless communication standards, mainly orients to wireless communication of information among equipment, is especially suitable for use under severe industrial site environments, and has technical characteristics of strong anti-interference capacity, super-low power consumption, real-time communication and the like.

Description

The wireless industrial flow transmitter
Technical field
The utility model relates to flowmeter, is specifically related to the wireless industrial flow transmitter.
Background technology
Flow is one of important measurement parameter in the industrial and agricultural production process control, is all thermal technology's amount with temperature, pressure, thing position.The meaning of flow measurement is both can instruct production, is again the needs of standard technological operation and the foundation of carrying out business accounting simultaneously.Because this parameter of flow is subjected to the operating infulence of fluid, and its detection is had suitable difficulty.In order to satisfy various occasion and various measurement purpose in the modern industry, various flow-meters just arise at the historic moment.
Flowmeter is an instrument of realizing flow metering.Up to the present, the instrument that is applied to measurement of fluid flow has a variety of, application places is also different, mainly contain differential pressure flowmeter (as orifice flowmeter, differential pressure type flowmeter, mean velocity tube flowmeter etc.), suspended body flowmeter, volumeter is (as oval gear flowmeter, rotz flowmeter, blade flowmeter, rotary piston flowmeter, disk drum-type flowmeter, birotor formula flowmeter etc.), fluid oscillation formula flowmeter is (as vortex shedding flow meter, vortex precession flowmeter etc.), turbo flow meter
Electromagnetic flowmeter and ultrasonic flow meter etc.The flowmeter that these are numerous by the output signal classification, can be divided into frequency signal output and analog current (voltage) signal and export two classes.The former comprises the volumeter etc. of turbo flow meter, fluid oscillation formula flowmeter and band transmitting device.The quantity of this class flowmeter product accounts in all flowmeters and has great advantage.
The fluid that flows in pipeline has kinetic energy and potential energy, and these two kinds of energy can be changed mutually under certain condition, is constant but participate in the energy summation of changing.Using restricting element measurement flow utilizes this principle to realize.Pressure differential according to measured restriction device two ends can draw ducted flow as calculated.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is: a kind of wireless industrial flow transmitter is provided,
On the basis of satisfying commercial measurement scope and accuracy requirement, it is the wireless flow acquisition instrument that to adjust parameter according to the different model sensor in real time, this instrument is according to the measuring principle of diffuse si formula pressure transducer, in conjunction with resistance and temperature Acquisition Circuit and high-precision adc spare, accurately calculate the pressure and temperature data by the WIA network from long-range host computer download diffuse si and thermopair resistance corresponding calculated coefficient, and data in real time uploaded, utilize the power consumption control characteristic and the peripheral analog switching circuit of microcontroller self simultaneously, make whole instrument that energy consumption performance preferably be arranged.
Technical solution of the present utility model is: this flow transmitter comprises threeway shell, WIAPA-M1800 wireless adapter, main controller circuit plate, display, 3.3V power supply, WIA gateway, two big opening parts at shell are installed display and are connected power supply, WIAPA-M1800 wireless adapter and main controller circuit plate are installed by portion in the enclosure, wireless antenna is installed at shell smaller opening place, pressure transducer and temperature sensor directly connect to pipeline from the main controller circuit plate, and display is connected to the main controller circuit plate by contact pin.
Wherein, WIAPA-M1800 wireless adapter and master controller all use MSP430 model single-chip microcomputer, carry out communication by serial ports between the two; Display adopts the liquid-crystalline glasses material of 128 sections, and master controller drives it by HT1621.
Measuring method of the present utility model is: in the measurement point of commercial unit this instrument is installed, the WIA gateway is installed in the WIA network coverage, and link to each other with host computer by RS232 serial ports or Ethernet.
During work, host computer passes through the WIA network download to instrument with the calculating parameter of pressure transducer and temperature sensor correspondence, be kept in the chip external memory, the pressure and temperature of sensor probe measuring channel internal flow, signal conditioning circuit by circuit board carries out the differential signal collection to the voltage signal that sensor produces, amplify, denoising is handled, A/D is converted to digital signal with analog voltage signal, stored computation parameter obtains temperature value and force value accurately to master controller with downloading also with digital signal, calculate the flow of pipeline inner fluid according to conservation of energy principle law and fluid continuity principle, and data in real time is uploaded.
The utlity model has following advantage:
1, volume is little, and is in light weight, and sensor can be integrated with transmitter, visual good, real-time, easy to install.
2, modulus conversion chip adopt 16 A D, can make calibration number for the gamma correction acquisition precision of Pt100 thermal resistance more than 0.1 grade, data processing controller, communication controler adopt 16 MSP430 microprocessors of high-performance super low-power consumption, signal conditioning circuit on the combined circuit plate, mu balanced circuit, anti-jamming circuit and on-off circuit make whole instrument have lower power consumption and advantages of higher stability.
3, on the structure and performance basis of the wired system flow transmitter of tradition, the theory of combined with intelligent sensing system, designed a kind of intelligent flow transmitter, characteristics such as it has, and volume is little, cost is low, antijamming capability is strong, stable performance, intelligent degree and reliability height based on wireless WIA technology.
4, a plurality of digital flow transmitters are formed data acquisition network, only need by the WIA wireless network, and host computer just can obtain the data of a plurality of digital fluid level transmitters, and can be provided with it, have obtained satisfied effect in the practicality.
5, use the intelligent wireless network WIA technology relate to based on short-distance wireless communication IEEE 802.15.4 standard, use meets the free frequency band of Chinese the Radio Management Commission regulation, the various large-scale apparatus that spreads all under the solution rugged surroundings, metallic conduit etc. are to the reflection of wireless signal, the multipath effect that scattering causes, and produce the interference of electromagnetic noise during the running of motor, apparatus to radio communication, highly reliable, the real-time radio communication service that can satisfy application demand are provided.
6, flow meter signal Acquisition Circuit of the present utility model comprises charge amplifier, AC amplifier, second-order active filter device and Schmidt's reshaper, adopt the bridge diagram of Ptl00 type platinum resistance thermometer sensor, to measure temperature, silicon micro capacitor formula pressure transducer gaging pressure carries out temperature, pressure compensation, LCD MODULE has Presentation Function instantaneous and the segmentation flow, sensor parameters is demarcated by the host computer of the wireless network other end, the radio communication of information between main equipment oriented, be particularly suitable for using, have very strong antijamming capability at abominable industry spot environment, super low-power consumption, technical characterictics such as real-time Communication for Power.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a structural representation of the present utility model.
Fig. 2 is controller and the peripheral circuit schematic diagram thereof of Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is pipeline pressure data acquisition and the ambient temperature compensation circuit theory diagrams of Fig. 1.
Fig. 4 is the pipe temperature data acquisition circuit schematic diagram of Fig. 1.
Fig. 5 is data processing circuit and the wave point schematic diagram of Fig. 1.
Among the figure: 1, antenna, 2, LCDs, 3, pipeline, 4, shell, 5, temperature, pressure transducer probe.
Embodiment
Further specify technical solution of the present utility model below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, embodiment should not be construed as the restriction to technical solution.
Shown in Fig. 1-5, the circuit of this flow transmitter connects as follows:
Power supply: 3.3V lithium battery power supply, use 3.3V to change 3V gate-controlled switch chip in the main controller circuit plate and provide required power supply simulation part and numerical portion, 3.3V power supply is by C3, C14, C15, C16, C20, C21, C22, C24 filtering, the 3V power supply is by C1, C9, C10, C18 filtering;
16 A/D: the ADS1110 chip of selecting the texas,U.S electric corporation for use, adopt the interface of I2C form, 1 pin of ADS1110 is connected with the output terminal of the second operational amplifier OP2,3 pin of ADS1110,4 pin link to each other with the end of pull-up resistor R37, R38,5 pin of the other end of R7, R8 and ADS1110 are connected 2 pin of ADS1110 and 6 pin ground connection with+3.3V power supply;
MCU: the MSP430F149 chip of selecting the texas,U.S electric corporation for use, crystal oscillator is selected 3.6264MHz for use, program is downloaded use standard jtag interface, XT2IN, XT2OUT are connected with crystal oscillator, between connect resistance R 17, to ground, 54,55,56,57 pin of MCU link to each other with 1,3,5,7 pin of double cab JP2 respectively through C11, C12,12 of MCU links to each other with 6 pin with 2 pin of JP2 respectively with 22 pin, and 58 pin of MCU link to each other with 11 pin of JP2;
Platinum resistance thermometer sensor: R42, R43, R44 and Pt100 form the sensor measurement electric bridge, in order to guarantee the stability of bridge output voltage signal, the input voltage of electric bridge passes through TL431 surely to 2.5V, the differential signal that obtains from electric bridge carries out temperature compensation to thermocouple output signal, a brachium pontis of electric bridge adopts adjustable resistance R43, can adjust the differential voltage signal size that is input to amplifier by regulating R43, be generally used for adjusting zero point;
Pressure transducer: R1, R2, R3, R4, R5 and diffuse si are formed sensor circuit, a 1 pin connection-OUT of diffuse si and the end of R1, the other end of R1 connects 2 pin of diffuse si, the end of R2, the end of R5 and+IN, 3 pin of the other end connection diffuse si of R2 ,+OUT, the other end of R5 connect an end, the R4 of R3 an end ,-IN, the other end of R3 connects 3 pin of diffuse si, the other end of R4 connects 5 pin of diffuse si;
Signal conditioning circuit: an end of pressure transducer and temperature sensor is that an equilibrium point of electric bridge is connected with an end of resistance R 45, the other end of R45 is connected with amplification resistance R 47 with the in-phase input end of operational amplifier OP respectively, the inverting input of OP respectively with an end of resistance R 46, the negative input end of A/D connects, another equilibrium point of the other end electric bridge of R46 connects, the other end of R47 respectively with the end of filter capacitor C42, the output terminal of operational amplifier OP, filter resistance R40 connects, the other end of R40 is connected with the positive input terminal of A/D, the other end of filter capacitor C42, the negative power end ground connection of operational amplifier, the positive power source terminal of operational amplifier is connected with+3.3V power supply;
Eeprom memory: sheet external memory chip is selected the 24LC64 chip of MicroChip company for use, adopts the I2C interface.By the power supply of 3.3V power supply, 5, No. 6 pin links to each other with P4.5, the P4.6 mouth of MCU by R20, R21 pull-up resistor, and C25 is used for filtering, and 1,2,3, No. 4 pin ground connection is used for indicant reason address.
Display: select for use 48 pin HT1621B of spi bus structure to drive LCD screen, wherein SEG0~SEG23 and COM0~COM3 totally 24 pins be connected with liquid-crystalline glasses, the DATA pin connects an end that draws resistance R 52 and is connected with the P5.1 mouth of MCU, the CS pin connects an end that draws resistance R 53 and is connected with the P1.5 mouth of MCU, the WR pin connects an end that draws resistance R 54 and is connected with the P1.6 mouth of MCU, the RD pin connects an end that draws resistance R 55 and is connected with the P1.7 mouth of MCU, pull-up resistor R52, R53, R54, the other end of R55 is connected with VDD, be connected the R51 variable resistor between VDD and the VLCD pin, VDD is connected with ground wire respectively at the 3.3V power supply on the main controller circuit plate with VSS, and all the other pins are unsettled;
The P3.4 of radio communication: MCU, P3.5 mouth link to each other with the serial interface of WIAPA-M1800 wireless communication module.

Claims (2)

1. wireless industrial flow transmitter, it is characterized in that: this flow transmitter comprises threeway shell, WIAPA-M1800 wireless adapter, main controller circuit plate, display, 3.3V power supply, WIA gateway, two big opening parts at shell are installed display and are connected power supply, WIAPA-M1800 wireless adapter and main controller circuit plate are installed by portion in the enclosure, wireless antenna is installed at shell smaller opening place, pressure transducer and temperature sensor directly connect to pipeline from the main controller circuit plate, and display is connected to the main controller circuit plate by contact pin; Its circuit connects as follows:
Power supply: the 3.3V lithium battery power supply, use 3.3V to change 3V gate-controlled switch chip and provide required power supply to simulation part and numerical portion in the main controller circuit plate;
16 A/D: the ADS1110 chip of selecting the texas,U.S electric corporation for use, adopt the interface of I2C form, because the low-noise programmable instrument amplifier of built-in 1 one 8 gains can carry out processing and amplifying to the voltage signal that comes amplifying circuit and sampling is converted into digital signal;
MCU: choosing is handled the digital signal of A/D output, calculate temperature, communicate by letter with long-range PC, receive thermal resistance calculating parameter table by wireless module, the result who collects is uploaded PC and other real-time Communication for Power, by the switching of mode of operation being carried out energy consumption control;
Constant voltage circuit: the diffusion silicon pressure sensor of selecting for use is the constant current power supply type, supply current is 1.5mA, the three end adjustable constant-flow source LM334 that constant-current supply adopts National Semiconductor to produce, has the wide dynamic reference voltage of 1~40V, the foundation of constant current source only needs an outer meeting resistance, is the real suspension constant current source that need not the independent current source power supply; Because the output current of LM334 has the sensitivity characteristic that is directly proportional with absolute temperature, only electric current is just constant when temperature constant, therefore need compensate, as long as in basic circuit, increase a resistance and a diode again, just can constitute the zero-temperature coefficient constant current source of offsetting LM334 temperature drift;
Platinum resistance thermometer sensor: the resistance of thermal resistance can be followed the variation of environment temperature and be changed, and is hardware or software compensation that the electric bridge of core carries out temperature with the thermal resistance;
Signal conditioning circuit: the signal to the diffuse si collection amplifies, filtering;
Eeprom memory: because different thermal resistances different calculating parameter of correspondence when calculating, so use the EEPROM of 64K to store the calculating parameter of various thermal resistances commonly used;
Display: show the pressure under the environment of sensor probe place, 0.01 ℃ of measuring accuracy;
Radio communication: the data of collection send to the WIAPA-M1800 wireless communication module by serial ports, insert the WIAPA-GW1498 radio network gateway again, on long-range PC, data are shown, to be sent to MCU through this wireless module corresponding to the branch kilsyth basalt of each sensor probe by PC when using for the first time in system simultaneously, be kept in the external memory storage.
2. wireless industrial flow transmitter according to claim 1, it is as follows to it is characterized in that hardware connects with working method:
Power supply: 3.3V lithium battery power supply, use 3.3V to change 3V gate-controlled switch chip in the main controller circuit plate and provide required power supply simulation part and numerical portion, 3.3V power supply is by C3, C14, C15, C16, C20, C21, C22, C24 filtering, the 3V power supply is by C1, C9, C10, C18 filtering;
16 A/D: the ADS1110 chip of selecting the texas,U.S electric corporation for use, adopt the interface of I2C form, 1 pin of ADS1110 is connected with the output terminal of the second operational amplifier OP2,3 pin of ADS1110,4 pin link to each other with the end of pull-up resistor R37, R38,5 pin of the other end of R7, R8 and ADS1110 are connected 2 pin of DS1110 and 6 pin ground connection with+3.3V power supply;
MCU: the MSP430F149 chip of selecting the texas,U.S electric corporation for use, crystal oscillator is selected 3.6264MHz for use, program is downloaded use standard jtag interface, XT2IN, XT2OUT are connected with crystal oscillator, between connect resistance R 17, to ground, 54,55,56,57 pin of MCU link to each other with 1,3,5,7 pin of double cab JP2 respectively through C11, C12,12 of MCU links to each other with 6 pin with 2 pin of JP2 respectively with 22 pin, and 58 pin of MCU link to each other with 11 pin of JP2;
Platinum resistance thermometer sensor: R42, R43, R44 and Pt100 form the sensor measurement electric bridge, in order to guarantee the stability of bridge output voltage signal, the input voltage of electric bridge passes through TL431 surely to 2.5V, the differential signal that obtains from electric bridge carries out temperature compensation to thermocouple output signal, a brachium pontis of electric bridge adopts adjustable resistance R43, can adjust the differential voltage signal size that is input to amplifier by regulating R43, be generally used for adjusting zero point;
Pressure transducer: R1, R2, R3, R4, R5 and diffuse si are formed sensor circuit, a 1 pin connection-OUT of diffuse si and the end of R1, the other end of R1 connects 2 pin of diffuse si, the end of R2, the end of R5 and+IN, 3 pin of the other end connection diffuse si of R2 ,+OUT, the other end of R5 connect an end, the R4 of R3 an end ,-IN, the other end of R3 connects 3 pin of diffuse si, the other end of R4 connects 5 pin of diffuse si;
Signal conditioning circuit: an end of pressure transducer and temperature sensor is that an equilibrium point of electric bridge is connected with an end of resistance R 45, the other end of R45 is connected with amplification resistance R 47 with the in-phase input end of operational amplifier OP respectively, the inverting input of OP respectively with an end of resistance R 46, the negative input end of A/D connects, another equilibrium point of the other end electric bridge of R46 connects, the other end of R47 respectively with the end of filter capacitor C42, the output terminal of operational amplifier OP, filter resistance R40 connects, the other end of R40 is connected with the positive input terminal of A/D, the other end of filter capacitor C42, the negative power end ground connection of operational amplifier, the positive power source terminal of operational amplifier is connected with+3.3V power supply, eeprom memory: sheet external memory chip is selected the 24LC64 chip of MicroChip company for use, adopt the I2C interface, power by the 3.3V power supply, 5, No. 6 pin passes through R20, the P4.5 of R21 pull-up resistor and MCU, the P4.6 mouth links to each other, C25 is used for filtering, and 1,2,3, No. 4 pin ground connection is used for indicant reason address;
Display: select for use 48 pin HT1621B of spi bus structure to drive LCD screen, wherein SEG0~SEG23 and COM0~COM3 totally 24 pins be connected with liquid-crystalline glasses, the DATA pin connects an end that draws resistance R 52 and is connected with the P5.1 mouth of MCU, the CS pin connects an end that draws resistance R 53 and is connected with the P1.5 mouth of MCU, the WR pin connects an end that draws resistance R 54 and is connected with the P1.6 mouth of MCU, the RD pin connects an end that draws resistance R 55 and is connected with the P1.7 mouth of MCU, pull-up resistor R52, R53, R54, the other end of R55 is connected with VDD, be connected the R51 variable resistor between VDD and the VLCD pin, VDD is connected with ground wire respectively at the 3.3V power supply on the main controller circuit plate with VSS, and all the other pins are unsettled;
The P3.4 of radio communication: MCU, P3.5 mouth link to each other with the serial interface of WIAPA-M1800 wireless communication module.
CN2011201610660U 2011-05-19 2011-05-19 Wireless industrial flow transmitter Expired - Fee Related CN202092685U (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102297709A (en) * 2011-05-19 2011-12-28 常州大学 Wireless industrial flow transducer

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102297709A (en) * 2011-05-19 2011-12-28 常州大学 Wireless industrial flow transducer

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20111228

Termination date: 20160519

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee