CN202089903U - Nano zirconia ceramic ultrasonic vibration processing equipment - Google Patents

Nano zirconia ceramic ultrasonic vibration processing equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202089903U
CN202089903U CN2011201990195U CN201120199019U CN202089903U CN 202089903 U CN202089903 U CN 202089903U CN 2011201990195 U CN2011201990195 U CN 2011201990195U CN 201120199019 U CN201120199019 U CN 201120199019U CN 202089903 U CN202089903 U CN 202089903U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
ultrasonic vibration
platform
main shaft
processing units
zirconium oxide
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN2011201990195U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李长河
刘占瑞
韩振鲁
丁玉成
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Qingdao University of Technology
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Qingdao University of Technology
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Priority to CN2011201990195U priority Critical patent/CN202089903U/en
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Publication of CN202089903U publication Critical patent/CN202089903U/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a nano ceramic material processing machine, in particular to nano zirconia ceramic ultrasonic vibration processing equipment which is characterized in that a five-degree of freedoms parallel platform for clamping workpieces and an ultrasonic vibration processing system opposite to the parallel platform are arranged on a frame (1) of the equipment. The nano zirconia ceramic ultrasonic vibration processing equipment has the beneficial effects that a tool head (5) not only does high-speed cutting rotating movement under the driving of a main shaft (21) but also does up-down vibration under the action of an ultrasonic transducer (3), so that the processing work of the workpieces is completed under the two movement modes, and the problems of high rigidity of the ceramic material and difficult cutting are solved. Through the adoption of the devices of five-degree of freedoms parallel platform and the electric main shaft, the high-accuracy operation of the nano ceramic material is completed under the computer control; moreover, the space utilization ratio is high, the energy consumption is low, and the production cost is greatly reduced.

Description

Nanometer zirconium oxide ceramic ultrasonic vibration processing units
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of mechanism, promptly a kind of nanometer zirconium oxide ceramic ultrasonic vibration processing units.
Background technology
Nano zirconia ceramic material is to add nanoparticle and the new medical material that obtains on the basis of zirconia ceramics material, is widely used in fields such as Oral Repair and the manufacturing of biological joint.At present, the medical pottery of nano zircite hot pressed sintering commonly used is made moulding, because sintering process is usually brought distortion and shunk, dimensional precision and form accuracy all are difficult to control, so the agglomerating blank also needs to carry out precision work and just can make medical ceramic.Because the high rigidity and the high fragility of stupalith can produce various types of surfaces or sub-surface damage after the pottery processing mostly, cause ceramics strength and surface integrity to descend, and then have limited in bio-medical applications.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model provides a kind of being suitable for nano zirconia ceramic material is carried out ultrasonic vibration processing, particularly can reduce the cutting difficulty, improves processing quality, satisfies the processing units of medical stupalith requirement.
Above-mentioned purpose is realized by following technical scheme: develop a kind of nanometer zirconium oxide ceramic ultrasonic vibration processing units, be characterized in: on the frame of this equipment, be provided with the five degree of freedom parallel connection platform of the zirconia ceramics workpiece that is installed, relative with this parallel connection platform ultrasonic vibration system of processing that is equipped with.
Said five degree of freedom parallel connection platform has fixed platform and moving platform, fixed platform is fixed on the base of frame, moving platform is relative with fixed platform, there are five expansion links to support mutually between fixed platform and the moving platform, the upper end of each expansion link is connected by floating junction with moving platform, and the lower end is connected by hook hinge with fixed platform.
Said expansion link is enclosed among the cylinder, and the cylinder tail end links to each other with actuating device of atmospheric pressure, is provided with gas barrier at the front end of cylinder.
Said ultrasonic vibration system of processing by main shaft, angular contact bearing, upper box, end cap, lower box, preceding join piece, after join piece, slide bar, spline, ultrasonic transducer, horn and tool heads and form.Main shaft is connected with electric main shaft, and under the drive of electric main shaft, main shaft is joined piece, ultrasonic transducer, horn and tool heads high speed rotating before driving under the support of two angular contact ball bearings.
Said upper box is connected with end cap with lower box mutually by bolt.
Join piece before said and link to each other with main shaft by spline, the preceding piece lower end of joining connects ultrasonic transducer, horn and tool heads successively.
Said ultrasonic transducer links to each other with ultrasonic generator on the right side.
Join piece before said and be connected with the slide bar wringing fit, after join piece and be cemented on the main shaft, join piece mesopore and slide bar running fit after wherein.
Join before said piece with after join piece at a distance of the gap of 2mm.
Said ultrasonic generator is fixed on the vertical wall of frame.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are: the electroshock of ultrasonic generator generation ultrasonic frequency is swung in working angles, and the ultrasonic frequency that produces more than the 16000Hz by transverter vertically shakes.And amplitude is amplified to 0.05-0.1mm, thereby make tool heads do the ultrasonic frequency vibration by means of horn.Between tool heads and workpiece, inject abrasive suspension, tool heads forces the abrasive particle in the abrasive particle suspension constantly to clash into surface to be machined with very big speed and acceleration, the removal processing of material is the high speed rotary motion of tool heads and the result of ultrasonic vibration processing comprehensive action, solved the material hardness height, the problem of difficult cutting.Adopt devices such as five degree of freedom parallel connection platform and electric main shaft, can under computer control, can accurately finish the processing operation of the nano ceramic material of complicated track.Compare with existing processing units, can reduce thermal deformation errors, improve response speed, reach higher precision; And have low price, space availability ratio height, advantage such as energy consumption is little, production cost is low.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the front view of this embodiment;
Fig. 2 is the left view of this embodiment;
Fig. 3 is the moving platform of this embodiment and the synoptic diagram of stationary platform connection portion;
Fig. 4 is the ultrasonic vibration system of processing synoptic diagram of this embodiment;
Work synoptic diagram when Fig. 5 is the processing work of this embodiment.
Among the figure as seen: frame 1, electric main shaft 2, ultrasonic transducer 3, horn 4, tool heads 5, moving platform 6, floating junction 7, expansion link 8, ultrasonic generator 9, cylinder 10, hook hinge 11, fixed platform 12, abrasive suspension 13, workpiece 14, the preceding piece 15 of joining, slide bar 16, spline 17, after join piece 18, lower box 19, upper box 20, main shaft 21, angular contact bearing 22, end cap 23.
Embodiment
The total design of the utility model is a kind of time variable control nano zircite processing units of development on the basis of five degree of freedom parallel connection platform, this equipment is made of devices such as ultrasonic vibration processing unit (plant), five degree of freedom parallel connection platform and electric main shafts, do by tool heads that ultrasonic frequency vibration smashes workpiece material and the tool heads high speed rotary motion combines, by five degree of freedom parallel connection platform and electric main shaft and sequence control system, satisfy the processing request of the medical stupalith of different shape.Introduce a kind of embodiment below in conjunction with accompanying drawing.
Shown in Fig. 1,2 is a kind of ultrasonic vibration machining tool, and a five degree of freedom parallel connection platform is housed on the base of the frame 1 of lathe.Electric main shaft 2 is equipped with in the top of parallel connection platform on the cantilever of frame 1, ultrasonic transducer 3, horn 4 and tool heads 5.During work, workpiece 14 is fixed on the moving platform 6, setting tool head 5 on horn 4, tool heads can realize ultrasonic vibration processing again in high speed rotary motion under the effect of electric main shaft and ultrasonic transducer.Certainly, requiring of this processing is high, requires each parts all will have excellent function.The structure and the performance of several major partss are described respectively below.
In conjunction with Fig. 1,2 as seen, the fixed platform 12 of five degree of freedom parallel connection platform is fixed on the base of frame 1, moving platform 6 is relative with fixed platform 12, there are five expansion links 8 to support mutually between fixed platform 12 and the moving platform 6, the upper end of each expansion link is connected by floating junction 7 with moving platform, and the lower end is connected by hook hinge 11 with fixed platform.In conjunction with Fig. 3 as seen, this expansion link 8 is enclosed among the cylinder 10, cylinder 10 adopts double-acting cylinder, its tail end links to each other with actuating device of atmospheric pressure, can be under computer control in cylinder feeds air under pressure, be provided with gas barrier at the front end of cylinder 10, therefore this expansion link 8 can be swung freely, moving platform 6 above driving does translation, lifting, around 3-D walls and floor rotation and various compound motion, near and drive workpiece and realize the complex-curved little Milling Process of five degree of freedom.
Compare with traditional series connection platform, the platform that this fixed platform is relative with the moving platform table top belongs to parallel connection platform.Obviously, this parallel connection platform has following advantage: 1. the error of platform execution member no longer is that simple linearity adds up, the precision that the easier acquisition of moving platform is higher; 2. the motion of platform topworks is easy to realize multiple-freedom linking, thereby is easier to the processing of implementation space curved surface flexibly; 3. the platform trajectory planning is simple, is easy to control; 4. platform structure is simple, and the part sum is less, and cost is controlled easily; 5. the main deformation element in the platform to be bearing pressure, and because the sealing of closed loop power stream makes lathe have higher stiffness/weight ratio; 6. platform moving-member quality is little, and response speed is fast, and dynamic property is good, is more suitable for High-speed machining; 7. the degree of modularity height of platform is easy to reconstruct; 8. platform hardware is simple, and the software complexity has higher technical value added.
In order to obtain higher cutting ability, this equipment adopts electric main shaft 2 directly to link to each other with main shaft 21, as seen from Figure 4, main shaft 21 is joined piece 15, ultrasonic transducer 3, horn 4 and tool heads 5 high speed rotating before driving by spline 17 under the support of two angular contact ball bearings 22.
In conjunction with Fig. 4,5 as seen, under the drive of main shaft 21, before join piece 15 and drive tool heads 5 and do high speed rotary motion, under the control of ultrasonic generator 9, make tool heads 5 do the surface that up-down vibration makes the abrasive particle bump workpiece to be machined 14 in the abrasive suspension 13 simultaneously by ultrasonic transducer 3, horn 4, tool heads 5 is finished processing operation to workpiece 14 by these two kinds of mode of motion.
Adopt the nanometer zirconium oxide ceramic ultrasonic vibration processing units of technique scheme, ultrasonic vibration system is attached in the ceramic machining tool, setting tool head on the horn of ultrasonic vibration system, make tool heads both under the drive of electric main shaft, do high speed rotary motion, under the effect of ultrasonic generator, do up-down vibration again, under these two kinds of mode of motion, finish processing operation workpiece.The utility model had both reduced the cutting difficulty for the great surface quality processing of nano zirconia ceramic material provides the equipment that is suitable for, and had improved process velocity, prolonged cutter life, had reduced tooling cost, had improved processing quality again, had guaranteed the performance of product.

Claims (10)

1. nanometer zirconium oxide ceramic ultrasonic vibration processing units is characterized in that: be provided with the five degree of freedom parallel connection platform of card engaging workpiece on the frame (1) of this equipment, relative with this parallel connection platform ultrasonic vibration system of processing that is equipped with.
2. nanometer zirconium oxide ceramic ultrasonic vibration processing units according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: said five degree of freedom parallel connection platform has fixed platform (12) and moving platform (6), fixed platform (12) is fixed on the base of frame (1), moving platform (6) is relative with fixed platform (12), there are five expansion links (8) to support mutually between fixed platform (12) and the moving platform (6), the upper end of each expansion link (8) is connected by floating junction (7) with moving platform (6), and the lower end is connected by hook hinge (11) with fixed platform (12).
3. nanometer zirconium oxide ceramic ultrasonic vibration processing units according to claim 2 is characterized in that: said expansion link (8) is enclosed among the cylinder (10), and the cylinder tail end links to each other with actuating device of atmospheric pressure, is provided with gas barrier at the front end of cylinder.
4. nanometer zirconium oxide ceramic ultrasonic vibration processing units according to claim 1 is characterized in that: said ultrasonic vibration system of processing by main shaft (21), angular contact bearing (22), upper box (20), end cap (23), lower box (19), preceding join piece (15), after join piece (18), slide bar (16), spline (17), ultrasonic transducer (3), ultrasonic generator (9), horn (4) and tool heads (5) and form; Main shaft (21) is connected with electric main shaft (2), under the drive of electric main shaft, joins piece (15), ultrasonic transducer (3), horn (4) and tool heads (5) high speed rotating before main shaft (21) drives under the support of two angular contact ball bearings (22).
5. nanometer zirconium oxide ceramic ultrasonic vibration processing units according to claim 4 is characterized in that: said upper box (20) is connected with end cap (23) with lower box (19) mutually by bolt.
6. nanometer zirconium oxide ceramic ultrasonic vibration processing units according to claim 4, it is characterized in that: join piece (15) before said and link to each other with main shaft (21) by spline (17), preceding piece (15) lower end of joining connects ultrasonic transducer (3), horn (4) and tool heads (5) successively.
7. nanometer zirconium oxide ceramic ultrasonic vibration processing units according to claim 4 is characterized in that: said ultrasonic transducer (3) links to each other with ultrasonic generator (9) on the right side.
8. nanometer zirconium oxide ceramic ultrasonic vibration processing units according to claim 4, it is characterized in that: join piece (15) before said and be connected with slide bar (16) wringing fit, after join piece (18) and be cemented on the main shaft (21), join piece (18) mesopore and slide bar (16) running fit after wherein.
9. nanometer zirconium oxide ceramic ultrasonic vibration processing units according to claim 4 is characterized in that: join before said piece (15) with after join piece (18) at a distance of the gap of 2mm.
10. nanometer zirconium oxide ceramic ultrasonic vibration processing units according to claim 4 is characterized in that: said ultrasonic generator (9) is fixed on the vertical wall of frame (1).
CN2011201990195U 2011-05-30 2011-05-30 Nano zirconia ceramic ultrasonic vibration processing equipment Expired - Fee Related CN202089903U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011201990195U CN202089903U (en) 2011-05-30 2011-05-30 Nano zirconia ceramic ultrasonic vibration processing equipment

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011201990195U CN202089903U (en) 2011-05-30 2011-05-30 Nano zirconia ceramic ultrasonic vibration processing equipment

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN202089903U true CN202089903U (en) 2011-12-28

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CN2011201990195U Expired - Fee Related CN202089903U (en) 2011-05-30 2011-05-30 Nano zirconia ceramic ultrasonic vibration processing equipment

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103191668A (en) * 2013-04-07 2013-07-10 青岛理工大学 Cam roller type ultrasonic vibration nanofluid mixing device
CN103542947A (en) * 2013-08-02 2014-01-29 北京七星华创电子股份有限公司 Thermocouple lifting device
CN105033302A (en) * 2015-08-03 2015-11-11 湖州美胜机械有限公司 Improved structure of drilling machine

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103191668A (en) * 2013-04-07 2013-07-10 青岛理工大学 Cam roller type ultrasonic vibration nanofluid mixing device
CN103542947A (en) * 2013-08-02 2014-01-29 北京七星华创电子股份有限公司 Thermocouple lifting device
CN103542947B (en) * 2013-08-02 2016-05-18 北京七星华创电子股份有限公司 A kind of thermocouple lowering or hoisting gear
CN105033302A (en) * 2015-08-03 2015-11-11 湖州美胜机械有限公司 Improved structure of drilling machine

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20111228

Termination date: 20120530

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