CN202087966U - Four-axle four-linkage inverted milling composite processing device - Google Patents

Four-axle four-linkage inverted milling composite processing device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202087966U
CN202087966U CN2010206630740U CN201020663074U CN202087966U CN 202087966 U CN202087966 U CN 202087966U CN 2010206630740 U CN2010206630740 U CN 2010206630740U CN 201020663074 U CN201020663074 U CN 201020663074U CN 202087966 U CN202087966 U CN 202087966U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
inversion type
linear guides
axle
linkage
processing
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN2010206630740U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘江
李超
齐风华
陈经界
徐士昌
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
GUANGZHOU XINNAN DIGITAL CONTROL TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
SHANDONG XINTAI DIGITAL CONTROL EQUIPMENT TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
Beijing University of Technology
University of Science and Technology Beijing USTB
Original Assignee
GUANGZHOU XINNAN DIGITAL CONTROL TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
SHANDONG XINTAI DIGITAL CONTROL EQUIPMENT TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
University of Science and Technology Beijing USTB
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by GUANGZHOU XINNAN DIGITAL CONTROL TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd, SHANDONG XINTAI DIGITAL CONTROL EQUIPMENT TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd, University of Science and Technology Beijing USTB filed Critical GUANGZHOU XINNAN DIGITAL CONTROL TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
Priority to CN2010206630740U priority Critical patent/CN202087966U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN202087966U publication Critical patent/CN202087966U/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

A four-axle four-linkage inverted milling composite processing device belongs to the technical field of manufacture of numerically controlled lathes. The main technical scheme includes that a lathe bed is horizontally placed, a sliding plate is mounted on an X-direction guide track of the lathe bed, a sliding column type sliding saddle is mounted on a Y-direction guide track of the sliding plate, a spindle box unit consisting of an inverted spindle unit and a main motor is mounted on a Z-direction guide track of the front end of the sliding saddle, and a power knife tower is fixedly mounted on the left lower side of the lathe bed. The processing device utilizes the inverted spindle unit to replace a manipulator, realizes grabbing of the inverted spindle unit and four-axle four-linkage milling composition processing, is compact in integral structure, high in part processing automation and serialization degrees, high in production efficiency, low in operation labor intensity and fine in processing quality, and is particularly suitable for processing various types of discs and sleeves.

Description

Four-shaft four-linkage inversion type turnning and milling complex machining device
Technical field
Four-shaft four-linkage inversion type turnning and milling complex machining device belongs to Digit Control Machine Tool manufacturing technology field.This device surface is to machine components automation processing, is primarily aimed at dish, cover parts carries out the turnning and milling Compound Machining, has advantages such as hommization, high efficiency, high accuracy.
Background technology
At present, though free-standing upright lathe and free-standing handstand lathe to the dish, in the processing of cover parts, all played positive effect to improving aspects such as part processing precision and production efficiency, but, because positive vertical lathe and inverted lathe adopt the stand-alone configuration design, there are a plurality of needs processing or compound working procedure to add man-hour at blank, participate in adjusting or being transferred to corresponding lathe handling with regard to needs are artificial, not only reduced working (machining) efficiency, increased operating personnel's work load, also make operation serialization degree reduce, cause the precision of processing parts to be difficult for guaranteeing.
Summary of the invention
Purpose of the present invention is exactly problem and the defective at free-standing upright lathe in the above-mentioned prior art and the existence of free-standing handstand lathe, design a kind of based on stand alone type handstand lathe, inversion type turnning and milling complex machining device with turnning and milling Compound Machining function, reach and improve Digit Control Machine Tool production and processing automatization level and serialization level, the purpose of raising part processing production efficiency, the labor intensity of operating staff that alleviates, assurance product processing quality, reduction part processing cost.
Basic design of the present invention is: slide plate on lathe bed, realize X left, move right; Saddle realizes that on slide plate Y moves to forward and backward; The saddle front end has been installed the main spindle box that comprises spindle motor and inversion type main axle unit that moves up and down along Z; Power cutter tower then is packed in lathe bed lower-left side; Automatic feed mechanism is installed on the forward right side of lathe bed as feeding unit material independently; Final X-axis, Y-axis, Z axle and the C axle four-shaft four-linkage turnning and milling Compound Machining of realizing.
The present invention has avoided free-standing upright lathe and the existing deficiency of free-standing handstand lathe self, realized the processing of multiple operation, the extracting of workpiece, put back to, do not need repeated clamping in the whole process, improve working (machining) efficiency, reduced staff's labour intensity, and further guaranteed the crudy of workpiece, the production cost and the process-cycle of workpiece have been reduced, the use that is particularly useful for various dishes, overlaps class and the multiple operation processing parts is arranged.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the overall assembly structure schematic diagram of a present invention front view;
Fig. 2 is the overall assembly structure schematic diagram of a present invention left view;
Piece number explanation among the figure:
1, oild chuck, 2, inverted main axle unit, 3, encoder, 4, Z is to the linear guides pair, 5, angling cylinder, 6, Z is to ball screw assembly,, 7, Z is to servomotor, 8, main spindle box, 9, inverted main motor, 10, X is to the linear guides pair, 11, power cutter tower, 12, X is to servomotor, 13, Weighting system chain-wheel mechanism, 14, the Weighting system guide rail mechanism, 15, balancing weight, 16, saddle, 17, Y is to the linear guides pair, and 18, slide plate, 19, Y is to servomotor, 20, Y is to ball screw assembly,, and 21, lathe bed.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing embodiment of the present invention are described in detail explanation.
Integral layout of the present invention: this device belongs to cross slide column type main shaft inversion type turnning and milling complex machining device.Lathe bed 21 horizontal positioned, lathe bed 21 head rail faces are installed X to linear guides pair 10.Select the ball-screw transmission for use between two linear guides, X is installed on lathe bed 21 left sides to servomotor 12, drives the ball-screw rotation by the plum blossom shaft coupling.
Slide plate 18 is installed on X on linear guides pair 10, and slide plate 18 head rail faces are installed Y to linear guides pair 17.Select the ball-screw transmission for use between two linear guides, Y is installed on slide plate 18 rear sides to servomotor 19, drives the ball-screw rotation by the plum blossom shaft coupling.Slide plate 18 bottoms are connected with nut seat and whole link to ball screw assembly, with X, at X to the driving lower edge of servomotor 12 X to linear guides left and right sides high-speed mobile.
Column saddle 16 is installed on Y on linear guides pair 17, and saddle 16 middle chambers are installed balancing weight 15.Weighting system chain-wheel mechanism 13 is installed at saddle 16 tops, balancing weight 15 left and right sides are Weighting system guide rail mechanisms 14, saddle 16 front side rail faces are installed Z and are selected for use Z to ball screw assembly, 6 transmissions between linear guides pair 4, two guide rails, and Z is installed on saddle 16 top front to servomotor 7.Saddle 16 bottoms are connected with nut seat and whole link to ball screw assembly, 20 with Y, at Y to the driving lower edge of servomotor 19 Y to the secondary 17 front and back high-speed mobile of linear guides.
The left side square opening of main spindle box 8 is installed inverted main motor 9, the right side centre bore is installed inverted main axle unit 2, angling cylinder 5 is installed in inverted main axle unit 2 upper ends, and oild chuck 1 is installed in inverted main axle unit 2 lower ends, and inverted main axle unit 2 replaces manipulator and realizes taking, putting material.The front side Plane Installation encoder 3 of main spindle box 8, on encoder 3 and inverted main axle unit 2, inverted main axle unit 2 and the main motor 9 synchronous pulley is installed, by high efficiency synchronous band transmission campaign, realize that oild chuck 1 around 360 ° of rotations of Z axle, forms the C axle.The back plane of main spindle box 8 is connected with nut seat and integral body links with ball-screw, moves up and down to linear guides pair 4 along Z under the driving of servomotor 7 at Z.
Power cutter tower 11 is installed on the lower-left side of lathe bed 21, and dynamic tool apron is driven by the direct current generator of power cutter tower, produces relative cutting movement with cutter when the cutter rotation is moved workpiece, carries out Milling Process at the end face and the arc surface of workpiece.During processing work, the workman is at charging position place work piece blank, and rotation top layer pallet lock clamping of workpieces, be transported to the material loading position after, to system, system stops feed mechanism motor and decelerator motion to the feed mechanism travel switch with signal feedback.And send instruction simultaneously and give X to servomotor 12, driving ball screw assembly, drive slide plate 18 and move right, slide plate 18 drives saddles 16 and main spindle box 8 moves together.After arriving appointment material loading position, sending instruction gives Y to servomotor 19, driving Y moves forward and backward to ball screw assembly, 20 drive saddles 16, the position of centering material loading is also sent instruction simultaneously and is moved down for Z to servomotor 7 driving Z to ball screw assembly, 6 drive main spindle boxes 8, in this process, open oild chuck 1 claw, aim at the material loading pallet body, workpiece is compressed and closed chuck 1 grabbing workpiece, material grasping carries out turning according to the processing program order that weaves in advance then to the machining area at power cutter tower 11 places, milling, boring, bore hole or turnning and milling Compound Machining.After finishing processing, inverted main axle unit 2 carries the part that processes and is back to the material loading position along X to former road, unclamps the workpiece that oild chuck 1 puts down completion of processing.Send instructions then to the feed mechanism motor, move the supreme material level of workpiece blank of next station clockwise and put, operation is finished the processing of next workpiece before repeating.In the blanking position, artificial assisting taken off the workpiece of completion of processing, and puts new workpiece blank and carry out next batch processing.So far, the present invention finishes whole manufacturing procedures.

Claims (5)

1. four-shaft four-linkage inversion type turnning and milling complex machining device, comprise X to, Y to, Z to feeding and the rotation of C axle, it is characterized in that: slide plate (18) lathe bed (21) go up realize X left, move right; Saddle (16) is gone up at slide plate (18) and is realized that Y moves to forward and backward; Saddle (16) front end has been installed the main spindle box (8) that comprises spindle motor (9) and inversion type main axle unit (2) that moves up and down along Z; Power cutter tower (11) then is packed in lathe bed (21) lower-left side; Automatic feed mechanism is installed on the forward right side of lathe bed (21) as feeding unit material independently; Final X-axis, Y-axis, Z axle and the C axle four-shaft four-linkage turnning and milling Compound Machining of realizing.
2. four-shaft four-linkage inversion type turnning and milling complex machining device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: lathe bed (21) top processing guide pass, the X that installation is parallel to each other is to linear guides pair (10), slide plate (18) is installed on the linear guides slide block, and be connected cooperation to ball screw assembly, by nut seat with X, at X to the driving lower edge of servomotor (12) X to linear guides pair (10) move left and right.
3. four-shaft four-linkage inversion type turnning and milling complex machining device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: slide plate (18) top processing guide pass, the Y that installation is parallel to each other is to linear guides pair (17), saddle (16) is installed on the linear guides slide block, and be connected cooperation to ball screw assembly, (20) by nut seat with Y, move forward and backward to linear guides pair (17) to the driving lower edge of servomotor (19) Y at Y.
4. four-shaft four-linkage inversion type turnning and milling complex machining device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: inversion type main axle unit (2) is installed in the centre bore of main spindle box (8) right side, spindle motor (9) is installed in main spindle box (8) the square perforate that is positioned at inversion type main axle unit (2) left side, inversion type main axle unit (2) transmits motion with spindle motor (9) by being with synchronously, and inversion type main axle unit (2), main motor (9) are assembled into one with main spindle box (8); The Z that the installation of saddle (16) forward track machined surface is parallel to each other is to linear guides pair (4), main spindle box (8) is installed on the linear guides slide block, and be connected cooperation to ball screw assembly, (6) by nut seat with Z, move up and down to linear guides pair (4) to the driving lower edge of servomotor (7) Z at Z.
5. four-shaft four-linkage inversion type turnning and milling complex machining device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: angling cylinder (5) is installed in inversion type main axle unit (2) upper end, oild chuck (1) is installed in the lower end, and oild chuck (1) holding workpiece around 360 ° of rotations of Z axle, becomes the C axle voluntarily.
CN2010206630740U 2010-12-16 2010-12-16 Four-axle four-linkage inverted milling composite processing device Expired - Fee Related CN202087966U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010206630740U CN202087966U (en) 2010-12-16 2010-12-16 Four-axle four-linkage inverted milling composite processing device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010206630740U CN202087966U (en) 2010-12-16 2010-12-16 Four-axle four-linkage inverted milling composite processing device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN202087966U true CN202087966U (en) 2011-12-28

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103111814A (en) * 2013-01-05 2013-05-22 沈阳黎明航空发动机(集团)有限责任公司 Numerical control machining method of aero-engine disc-shaft integrated structure part
CN106002313A (en) * 2016-07-07 2016-10-12 宝鸡忠诚机床股份有限公司 Single-arm type milling and turning composite double-rotation workbench
CN112848239A (en) * 2020-12-22 2021-05-28 威海光威精密机械有限公司 Composite material additive-subtractive special manufacturing machine tool and production method thereof

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103111814A (en) * 2013-01-05 2013-05-22 沈阳黎明航空发动机(集团)有限责任公司 Numerical control machining method of aero-engine disc-shaft integrated structure part
CN106002313A (en) * 2016-07-07 2016-10-12 宝鸡忠诚机床股份有限公司 Single-arm type milling and turning composite double-rotation workbench
CN112848239A (en) * 2020-12-22 2021-05-28 威海光威精密机械有限公司 Composite material additive-subtractive special manufacturing machine tool and production method thereof

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GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20111228

Termination date: 20121216

C17 Cessation of patent right