CN202066374U - Discharging system for calcined petroleum coke calciner - Google Patents

Discharging system for calcined petroleum coke calciner Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202066374U
CN202066374U CN2011200386831U CN201120038683U CN202066374U CN 202066374 U CN202066374 U CN 202066374U CN 2011200386831 U CN2011200386831 U CN 2011200386831U CN 201120038683 U CN201120038683 U CN 201120038683U CN 202066374 U CN202066374 U CN 202066374U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
discharge
discharging
ratchet
leaflet
housing
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Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN2011200386831U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈连云
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YUNHAI CARBON PRODUCTS CO Ltd TIANJIN CITY
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YUNHAI CARBON PRODUCTS CO Ltd TIANJIN CITY
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Priority to CN2011200386831U priority Critical patent/CN202066374U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN202066374U publication Critical patent/CN202066374U/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The utility model relates to a discharging system for a calcined petroleum coke calciner. The discharging system comprises discharging equipment composed of a discharging machine and a discharging machine controller, wherein the discharging machine and the discharging machine controller are connected with the calciner; the discharging machine controller is a ratchet and pawl mechanism connected with one end of a connecting rod; the other end of the connecting rod is hinged with a control rail which moves back and forth along the horizontal direction; a limiting roller which ensures that the control rail moves horizontally is fixed on the discharging machine; one end of the control rail is hinged on an eccentric wheel mechanism driven by a motor; a conveyer for conveying materials to a circulation bin is arranged below an discharging opening of the discharging machine; the circulation bin is connected with a hoister; an outlet of the hoister is connected with a storage bin; a plurality of discharging equipment which is respectively connected with the calciner are arranged on the control rail; and each discharging equipment discharges and then enters the storage bin through the conveyor, the circulation bin and the hoister, so that an automatic continuous control discharging system is realized in which a plurality of calciners can discharge the materials through the discharging equipment in a linkage mode, therefore, both time and labor are saved, and the production efficiency is improved.

Description

A kind of after-smithing petroleum coke calcining furnace discharge system
Technical field
The utility model relates to the process facility of after-smithing petroleum coke manufacture field, relates in particular to a kind of after-smithing petroleum coke calcining furnace discharge system.
Background technology
After-smithing petroleum coke is the final stage product after the Petroleum refining, is widely used in the metallurgical carburetting link and the carbon element industries such as production of graphite electrode, and the after-smithing petroleum coke primary product contain oiliness impurity, needs just can reach suitable standard through further calcining.The equipment that is used to calcine after-smithing petroleum coke is calcining furnace, the material that produces after calcining is connected to discharge apparatus by calcining furnace, discharge apparatus is made up of discharge machine and manual controller, as shown in Figure 4, existing discharge machine comprises that the top is provided with charging aperture 1b, the bottom is provided with the housing 5b of discharging opening 2b and is arranged on the interior discharge leaflet roller of housing 5b, the discharge leaflet roller of discharge machine is to reach some minutes blade 4b that are provided with on it around the mandrel radiation by mandrel 3b to constitute, during work, the material of the rotation of the discharge leaflet roller by the discharge machine after with calcining in the calcining furnace discharged through discharge gate.There is following shortcoming in present discharge apparatus: the ⑴ needs are the discharge machine of the single discharge apparatus of control manually, and material is discharged on the collecting cart, stores through man-handling of materials again, and the whole operation process is interrupted operation, and labour intensity is big, wastes time and energy, and production efficiency is low; ⑵ also there are following shortcoming in and present discharge machine structure: the charging aperture 1b of discharge engine housing 5b, discharge leaflet roller core shaft 3b and discharging opening 2b aim at vertical direction and are provided with, export in the calcining furnace material, after entering, the charging aperture 1b of discharge machine directly is pressed on the discharge leaflet roller core shaft, again through the blade rotation material toggling, material is discharged from discharging opening 2b, in whole discharge process, discharge leaflet roller core shaft bears the significant stress from material all the time, cause the fracture of discharge leaflet roller core shaft easily, influence its life-span.
The utility model content
Technical problem to be solved in the utility model is, overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, a kind of automatic continuous operation is provided, enhance productivity, and in the discharge machine course of work, release is to the pressure of discharge leaflet roller core shaft, the after-smithing petroleum coke calcining furnace discharge system that prolongs its service life.
The utility model is to be achieved by the following technical programs:
A kind of after-smithing petroleum coke calcining furnace discharge system, comprise the discharge apparatus that the discharge machine that connects calcining furnace and discharge machine controller are formed, described discharge machine controller is the ratchet and pawl arrangement that is connected with a connecting rod one end, the reciprocating control rail of the other end of described connecting rod and along continuous straight runs is hinged, on described discharge machine, fixedly install the limiting roll that makes the horizontal movement of control rail, one end of described control rail is articulated and connected on by motor-driven eccentric mechanism, described discharge machine discharging opening below is provided with the conveyer that material is sent to the circulation storehouse, described circulation storehouse connects elevator, and the outlet of described elevator links to each other with storage bin.
Described ratchet and pawl arrangement is made up of the ratchet that ratchet is fixed with control handle, and described control handle and coaxial ratchet are hinged, described control handle control end and described rod hinge connection.
Described discharge apparatus is set up in parallel one or more along described control rail, and the control handle of each discharge apparatus is hinged with the control rail by connecting rod.
Described discharge machine comprises that the top is provided with charging aperture, the bottom is provided with the housing of discharging opening and is arranged on the interior discharge leaflet roller of housing, described discharge leaflet roller is to reach some minutes blades that are provided with on it around the mandrel radiation by mandrel to constitute, discharge leaflet roller runs through housing by its mandrel and is fixed on the housing, described charging aperture, the setting of staggering successively of discharge leaflet roller core shaft and discharging opening in the vertical direction, the swash plate that described housing bottom setting is tilted to discharge end by feed end, described ratchet is concentric affixed with mandrel.
In described discharge engine housing charging aperture one side the open-close type observation window is set.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are: the technical scheme that is provided by above the utility model as seen, compared with prior art, provide a kind of automatic continuous operation, enhance productivity, and in the discharge machine course of work, release is to the pressure of discharge leaflet roller core shaft, the after-smithing petroleum coke calcining furnace discharge system that prolongs its service life.Because the control rail is by the discharge of connecting rod by eccentric mechanism control discharge apparatus, especially can on the control rail, a plurality of discharge apparatus that connect calcining furnace respectively be set, pass through conveyer behind each discharge apparatus discharge, the circulation storehouse, elevator enters storage bin, realized the automation continuous control discharge system of a plurality of calcining furnaces by many discharge apparatus interlock discharges, time saving and energy saving, enhance productivity; And the charging aperture of discharge machine, the setting of staggering successively of the discharging opening in the vertical direction of discharge leaflet roller core shaft and discharge machine, material in the calcining furnace no longer is pressed on the discharge leaflet roller core shaft, can charging and discharging leaflet roller build-up of pressure in discharge leaflet roller rotation process, prolong its service life.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a main TV structure schematic diagram of the present utility model.
Fig. 2 is the main TV structure schematic diagram of discharge machine of the present utility model.
Fig. 3 is the right TV structure schematic diagram of discharge machine of the present utility model.
Fig. 4 is the main TV structure schematic diagram of the discharge machine of prior art.
Among the figure: 1. calcining furnace, 2. discharge machine, 3. ratchet, 4. ratchet, 5. connecting rod, 6. bearing pin, 7. drive link, 8. motor, 9. control rail, 10. limiting roll, 11. conveyers, 12. circulation storehouses, 13. elevator, 14. storage bins, 15. drives, 16. control handles, 1a. charging aperture, 2a. discharging opening, 3a. mandrel, 4a. the branch blade, 5a. housing, 6a. swash plate 7a. observation window; 1b. charging aperture, the 2b. discharging opening, the 3b. mandrel, 4b. divides blade, the 5b. housing.
The specific embodiment
In order to make those skilled in the art person understand the technical solution of the utility model better, the utility model is described in further detail below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and most preferred embodiment.
As shown in Figure 1, the utility model comprises a kind of after-smithing petroleum coke calcining furnace discharge system, comprise the discharge apparatus that the discharge machine 2 that connects calcining furnace 1 and discharge machine controller are formed, described discharge machine controller is the ratchet and pawl arrangement that is connected with connecting rod 5 one ends, the reciprocating control rail of the other end of connecting rod 5 and along continuous straight runs 9 is hinged, on described discharge machine 2, fixedly install the limiting roll 10 that makes 9 horizontal movements of control rail, one end of described control rail 9 is articulated and connected on the eccentric mechanism that is driven by motor 8, described eccentric mechanism is to be reached with the eccentric hinged drive link 7 of drive by the drive 15 that motor 8 drives to form, the terminal hinged control rail of drive link 7 wherein, described discharge machine discharging opening 2a below is provided with the conveyer 11 that material is sent to circulation storehouse 12, described circulation storehouse 12 connects elevator 13, and the outlet of described elevator links to each other with storage bin 14.Conveyer, elevator are commercially available conventional equipment.The jigging conveyer of the long-range production in the east area of the Liao River, coextensive with eastern and southern Liaoning Province that conveyer adopts, the elevator of mine, Jinzhou production of machinery that elevator adopts.
Described ratchet and pawl arrangement is made up of ratchet 4 and the ratchet 3 that is fixed with control handle 16, and described control handle 16 is coaxial hinged with ratchet 4, and described control handle 16 control ends and described connecting rod 5 are hinged.
Described discharge apparatus is set up in parallel one or more along described control rail 9, and the control handle 16 of each discharge apparatus is hinged with control rail 9 by connecting rod 5.
Described discharge machine comprises that the top is provided with charging aperture 1a, the bottom is provided with the housing 5a of discharging opening 2a and is arranged on the interior discharge leaflet roller of housing, described discharge leaflet roller is to reach some minutes blade 4a that are provided with on it around the mandrel radiation by mandrel 3a to constitute, discharge leaflet roller runs through housing 5a by its mandrel 3a and is fixed on the housing 5a, described charging aperture 1a, the setting of staggering successively of discharge leaflet roller core shaft 3a and discharging opening 2a in the vertical direction, described housing 5a bottom are provided with the swash plate 6a that tilted to discharge end by feed end.
In this example, be provided with three discharge apparatus that connect calcining furnace respectively, the ratchet and the control handle of ratchet and pawl arrangement are affixed, and the discharge leaflet roller core shaft 3a of ratchet and discharge machine is affixed, and eccentric mechanism is to be reached with the eccentric hinged drive link 7 of drive by the drive 15 that motor 8 drives to constitute.
During work, material enters the discharge machine after calcining in calcining furnace, motor 8 drives drive 15 and moves back and forth by drive link 7 drive control rails 9 periodicity along continuous straight runs, control rail 9 articulated linkage 5, when control rail relative motor pushes away connecting rod 5 far away, rotate counterclockwise on next tooth that slides into the affixed ratchet 4 of the discharge leaflet roller core shaft 3a of discharge machine with the ratchet of the hinged control handle 16 of connecting rod 5, when the relative motor of control rail furthers connecting rod 5, clockwise rotate with the ratchet of the hinged control handle 16 of connecting rod 5, and press tooth with the affixed ratchet 4 of the discharge leaflet roller core shaft 3a of discharge machine, ratchet is clockwise rotated, clockwise rotate thereby drive discharge leaflet roller core shaft, the branch blade 4a of discharge leaflet roller transfers to discharge machine discharging opening 2a with material.Owing to be set up in parallel three discharge apparatus along described control rail 9, by control rail 9 periodicity horizontal reciprocating movements, the back material of forging that drives the calcining furnace that three discharge apparatus will connect is separately discharged, material falls into conveyer 11, enters circulation storehouse 12 by transmission, promotes through elevator 13 and enters storage bin 14, whole process does not need man-handling of materials, realized the automation continuous control discharge system of multiple devices interlocks, time saving and energy saving, improved production efficiency.
Adopted novel discharge machine shown in Figure 2 in the present embodiment, material enters the discharge machine from charging aperture, and when discharge leaflet roller rotated, the moving blade 4a that divides of discharge leaflet roller strap toggled it to discharging opening 2a from housing 5a below along swash plate 6a with material, is discharged by discharging opening.Because charging aperture 1a, the setting of staggering successively of discharge leaflet roller core shaft 3a and discharging opening 2a in the vertical direction, described housing 5a bottom is by the inclined-plane of feed end to the discharge end inclination, so material is directly stirred transmission by the branch blade 4a that rotates in entire work process, deliver to discharging opening 2a along the inclined-plane and discharge, whole process, material is not pressed on the mandrel 3a of discharge leaflet roller, can charging and discharging leaflet roller core shaft build-up of pressure in discharge leaflet roller 3a rotation process, prolong its service life.
And, can also open-close type observation window 7a be set in charging aperture one side of described housing, when having the hard thing of bulk to enter the discharge machine from charging aperture 1a, discharge leaflet roller 3a rotates and the hard thing of bulk can not be discharged, influence the operate as normal of discharge machine, at this moment just can open observation window 7a the hard thing of bulk is taken out, make the discharge machine recover operate as normal.For guaranteeing device security; the control handle bearing pin 6 hinged with controlling rail can adopt the material of suitable intensity according to technological requirement; guarantee when having the hard thing of bulk that discharge leaflet roller 3a can't be rotated from charging aperture 1a; and when control handle can't spur discharge leaflet roller 3a; bearing pin 6 twists off automatically, thereby protection discharge leaflet roller 3a is not drawn bad.
The above only is a preferred implementation of the present utility model; should be pointed out that for those skilled in the art, under the prerequisite that does not break away from the utility model principle; can also make some improvements and modifications, these improvements and modifications also should be considered as protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (5)

1. after-smithing petroleum coke calcining furnace discharge system comprises the discharge apparatus that the discharge machine that connects calcining furnace and discharge machine controller are formed, it is characterized in that, described discharge machine controller be with OneThe ratchet and pawl arrangement that connecting rod one end connects, the reciprocating control rail of the other end of described connecting rod and along continuous straight runs is hinged, on described discharge machine, fixedly install the limiting roll that makes the horizontal movement of control rail, one end of described control rail is articulated and connected on by motor-driven eccentric mechanism, described discharge machine discharging opening below is provided with the conveyer that material is sent to the circulation storehouse, described circulation storehouse connects elevator, and the outlet of described elevator links to each other with storage bin.
2. a kind of after-smithing petroleum coke calcining furnace discharge system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described ratchet and pawl arrangement is made up of ratchet and the ratchet that is fixed with control handle, and described control handle and coaxial ratchet are hinged, described control handle control end and described rod hinge connection.
3. a kind of after-smithing petroleum coke calcining furnace discharge system according to claim 2 is characterized in that described discharge apparatus is set up in parallel one or more along described control rail, and the control handle of each discharge apparatus is hinged with the control rail by connecting rod.
4. according to claim 1,2 or 3 described a kind of after-smithing petroleum coke calcining furnace discharge systems, it is characterized in that, described discharge machine comprises that the top is provided with charging aperture, the bottom is provided with the housing of discharging opening and is arranged on the interior discharge leaflet roller of housing, described discharge leaflet roller is to reach some minutes blades that are provided with on it around the mandrel radiation by mandrel to constitute, discharge leaflet roller runs through housing by its mandrel and is fixed on the housing, described charging aperture, the setting of staggering successively of discharge leaflet roller core shaft and discharging opening in the vertical direction, the swash plate that described housing bottom setting is tilted to discharge end by feed end, described ratchet is concentric affixed with mandrel.
5. a kind of after-smithing petroleum coke calcining furnace discharge machine according to claim 4 is characterized in that, in described discharge engine housing charging aperture one side the open-close type observation window is set.
CN2011200386831U 2011-02-15 2011-02-15 Discharging system for calcined petroleum coke calciner Expired - Fee Related CN202066374U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011200386831U CN202066374U (en) 2011-02-15 2011-02-15 Discharging system for calcined petroleum coke calciner

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011200386831U CN202066374U (en) 2011-02-15 2011-02-15 Discharging system for calcined petroleum coke calciner

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CN202066374U true CN202066374U (en) 2011-12-07

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102213551A (en) * 2011-02-15 2011-10-12 天津市云海碳素制品有限公司 Discharging system for calcined petroleum coke calcining furnace
CN104249015A (en) * 2013-06-27 2014-12-31 沈阳铝镁设计研究院有限公司 Material crusher for pot type furnace
CN104709726A (en) * 2014-12-31 2015-06-17 太原重工股份有限公司 Swing feeder and coal tower

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102213551A (en) * 2011-02-15 2011-10-12 天津市云海碳素制品有限公司 Discharging system for calcined petroleum coke calcining furnace
CN104249015A (en) * 2013-06-27 2014-12-31 沈阳铝镁设计研究院有限公司 Material crusher for pot type furnace
CN104709726A (en) * 2014-12-31 2015-06-17 太原重工股份有限公司 Swing feeder and coal tower

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20111207

Termination date: 20180215

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee