CN202048567U - Biomass combustor - Google Patents

Biomass combustor Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202048567U
CN202048567U CN2011201541092U CN201120154109U CN202048567U CN 202048567 U CN202048567 U CN 202048567U CN 2011201541092 U CN2011201541092 U CN 2011201541092U CN 201120154109 U CN201120154109 U CN 201120154109U CN 202048567 U CN202048567 U CN 202048567U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
combustion chamber
feeding
hopper
automatic feeding
casing
Prior art date
Application number
CN2011201541092U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
何飞昆
Original Assignee
何飞昆
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Publication date
Application filed by 何飞昆 filed Critical 何飞昆
Priority to CN2011201541092U priority Critical patent/CN202048567U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN202048567U publication Critical patent/CN202048567U/en

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a biomass combustor which comprises a control box, a box body, an automatic feeding device, a combustion chamber and a fire nozzle. The automatic feeding device is arranged on the right upper side of the box body; the combustion chamber is arranged on the left side of the box body; the fire nozzle is communicated with the combustion chamber; a main blower and a main bellow which are used for supplying oxygen to the combustion chamber as well as an air supplement machine and an air supplement box which are used for supplying oxygen to the fire nozzle are arranged in the box body at the lower side of the automatic feeding device; the main blower is communicated with a furnace bridge used for supplying oxygen to the combustion chamber and burning the biomass in the combustion chamber, and an air supplement pipe is communicated between the air supplement box and the fire nozzle; an ash outlet is arranged at the bottom of the combustion chamber; an ignition port is arranged in a wall of the combustion chamber; and an inclined feeding port is arranged at the side of the combustion chamber and close to the automatic feeding device.

Description

Biomass burner

Technical field

The utility model relates to the combustion furnace technology, relates in particular to a kind of biomass burner.

Background technology

China is a large agricultural country, biomass resource is very abundant, traditional biomass resource is handled by cooking, open-air burning and open-air the accumulation mostly, not only cause biomass resource utilization efficient low, seriously polluted simultaneously environment, biomass burner is to replace optimal low-carbon energy-saving environment-friendly type equipment such as diesel fuel burner, heavy oil burner, day combustion vapour burner, biomass granule fuel is fully burnt, can effectively be applied to boiler, spraying coating line and other heating system, reach industrial applications.

But present biomass burner complex structure, material consumption height, fuel gases calorific value is not high, and flame is red partially, and energy-saving effect is not very desirable, has two common faults not break through, the one, the easy coking in combustion chamber causes its life cycle short; The 2nd, nozzles place flame is inhomogeneous, causes nozzles to be burnt easily.

Summary of the invention

The utility model provides a kind of simple in structure, convenient, sufficient combustion of control, thermal efficiency height, reliable and stable, low-carbon environment-friendly, energy-efficient biomass burner.

The technical scheme that its technical problem that solves the utility model adopts is:

A kind of biomass burner comprises control cabinet, casing, automatic feeding, combustion chamber and nozzles, and automatic feeding is installed in the casing upper right side, and the combustion chamber is arranged on the left side in the casing, and nozzles are connected with the combustion chamber; In the casing of automatic feeding downside, be provided with to the main air blower of combustion chamber oxygen supply and main air case, and to the benefit blower fan of nozzles oxygen supply with mend bellows, described main air case is communicated with the combustion chamber oxygen supply and makes the grate of its endogenous substance burning, is communicated with secondary air channel between described benefit bellows and the nozzles; Bottom in the combustion chamber is provided with ash hole; In chamber wall, be provided with lighting-up tuyere, be provided with the inclination charging aperture near the automatic feeding side in the combustion chamber.

Described automatic feeding comprises the grand feeding screw mechanism of glue that is fixed on stock support on the casing, hopper, the hopper endogenous substance is rubbed and drives the feeding motor that the grand feeding screw mechanism of glue rotates, hopper is installed in the grand feeding screw mechanism of glue, grand feeding screw mechanism of glue and feeding motor are installed on the stock support, and the discharging opening of the grand feeding screw mechanism of glue is connected with the charging aperture on the described combustion chamber.

Also be provided with the material lid of sealing dog-house on the described hopper.

Described bottom half is convenient to castor and the rail that complete machine moves in addition.

Described hopper bottom side also is provided with and lacks the material warning device.

Described outer wall of combustion chamber side also is provided with temperature alarm.

The beneficial effects of the utility model are:

On this biomass burner, the burning interior flame is by the effect of main air blower and main air case, new wind-force sprays rectilinear burning by flame in the combustion chamber, simultaneously, the flame at nozzles place is being mended blower fan, is being mended under the effect of bellows, secondary air channel, flame directly ejects nozzles, and burning very abundant makes this biomass burner have the following advantages:

1. energy-efficient, on the hopper of automatic feeding, can repeat to add biomass granule fuel, burn, make this burner use cost low, reduce the operation cost of 30-60% than fuel oil (gas);

2. thermal efficiency height, this biomass burner adopt biological particles boiling suspension combustion technology, with main air blower and main air case, revolve nest band oxygen strong wind by what grate produced, and centralized heat energy is sent into supporting burner hearth, guarantee that the combustion heat energy utilization rate is more than 90%;

3. reliable and stable, operation under positive pressure is revolved in the combustion chamber of this biomass burner, tempering does not take place and take off fiery phenomenon;

4. low-carbon environment-friendly, this machine flue dust, carbon emission are low, and sulfur dioxide (SO2) emissions meet the requirement of national GB13271 soot emissions near zero;

5. simple to operate: this biomass burner adopts the automatic feeding feeding, a bonding electron igniter, and workload is little, and the solo operation gets final product.

This biomass burner is applicable to the supporting replacement and the reducing energy consumption of other thermal hardwares such as diesel oil boiler, heavy oil boiler, natural gas boiler, die casting stove, industrial furnace, drying equipment, drying plant, spraying coating line baking oven.

Description of drawings

Fig. 1 is a structural representation of the present utility model.

The specific embodiment

As shown in Figure 1, a kind of biomass burner comprises control cabinet 1, casing 2, automatic feeding 3, combustion chamber 4 and nozzles 5, and automatic feeding 3 is installed in casing 2 upper right sides, and combustion chamber 4 is arranged on the left side in the casing 2, and nozzles 5 are connected with combustion chamber 4; In the casing 2 of automatic feeding 3 downsides, be provided with to the main air blower 6 of combustion chamber 4 oxygen supplys and main air case 7, and to the benefit blower fan 8 of nozzles 5 oxygen supplys with mend bellows 9, described main air case 7 is communicated with combustion chamber 4 oxygen supplys and makes the grate 10 of its endogenous substance burning, is communicated with secondary air channel 11 between described benefit bellows 9 and the nozzles 5; 4 bottom is provided with the ash hole 12 of removing combustion residue in the combustion chamber; Be provided with lighting-up tuyere 13 in 4 walls of combustion chamber, 4 close automatic feeding 3 sides are provided with inclination charging aperture 14 in the combustion chamber.

Described automatic feeding 3 comprises the grand feeding screw mechanism 32 of glue that is fixed on stock support 30 on the casing 2, hopper 31, hopper 31 endogenous substances are rubbed and drives the feeding motor 33 that the grand feeding screw mechanism 32 of glue rotates, hopper 31 is installed in the grand feeding screw mechanism 32 of glue, on hopper 31, also be provided with the material lid 34 of sealing dog-house, grand feeding screw mechanism 32 of glue and feeding motor 33 are installed on the stock support 30, and the discharging opening of the grand feeding screw mechanism 32 of glue is connected with the charging aperture on the described combustion chamber 4.

Be convenient to castor 15 and rail 16 that complete machine moves in addition in casing 2 bottoms, described hopper 31 bottom sides also are provided with and lack material warning device 17, and described combustion chamber 4 outer wall sides also are provided with temperature alarm 18.

The supporting use of this biomass burner and boiler, send electricity after, the power supply beacon lamp on the control cabinet 1 lights, the starting switch that closes, if the pressure in the boiler below setting pressure, burner will operate in the big fire state automatically; If close starting switch, and this moment boiler pressure in the over pressure setting range, burner will keep the furnace temperature and the pressure of boiler with little fire; Under normal operation, utilize main air blower 6 and main air case 7 to revolve nest band oxygen strong wind by what grate 10 produced, adopt biological particles boiling suspension combustion technology, living beings are fully burnt, mend blower fan 8 and carry out the secondary oxygen supply by 11 pairs of nozzles of secondary air channel 5 with benefit bellows 9, make flame combustion more even more abundant at nozzles 5 places, in this process, and by control to main air blower 6 and feeding motor 33, according to boiler pressure, constantly between big and small fire, change, for boiler provides dynamic variable lasting heat energy.

In addition, the control system of control cabinet 1 adopts simple and intelligentized setting, gives the energy-and time-economizing to the client, and reduces workload; When biomass granule fuel during in hopper 31 bottoms, promptly hopper 31 is in when lacking material, lacks material and reports to the police by lacking the inductive probe action of material warning device 17 on the hopper 31, showing on control cabinet 1; When the temperature on 4 surfaces, combustion chamber surpassed design temperature, the temperature alarm 18 of the temperature on monitoring bio matter burner 4 surfaces showed overtemperature alarm on control cabinet 1.

The above embodiment for preferred embodiment of the present utility model, is not to limit practical range of the present utility model with this just, and the equivalence that all shapes according to the utility model, structure and principle are done changes, and all should be covered by in the protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (6)

1. a biomass burner comprises control cabinet, casing, automatic feeding, combustion chamber and nozzles, and automatic feeding is installed in the casing upper right side, and the combustion chamber is arranged on the left side in the casing, and nozzles are connected with the combustion chamber; It is characterized in that:
In the casing of automatic feeding downside, be provided with to the main air blower of combustion chamber oxygen supply and main air case, and to the benefit blower fan of nozzles oxygen supply with mend bellows, described main air case is communicated with the combustion chamber oxygen supply and makes the grate of its endogenous substance burning, is communicated with secondary air channel between described benefit bellows and the nozzles;
Bottom in the combustion chamber is provided with ash hole; In chamber wall, be provided with lighting-up tuyere, be provided with the inclination charging aperture near the automatic feeding side in the combustion chamber.
2. according to the described biomass burner of claim 1, it is characterized in that, described automatic feeding comprise be fixed on stock support on the casing, hopper, to hopper endogenous substance fuel by the grand feeding screw mechanism of glue with drive the feeding motor that the grand feeding screw mechanism of glue rotates, hopper is installed in the grand feeding screw mechanism of glue, grand feeding screw mechanism of glue and feeding motor are installed on the stock support, and the discharging opening of the grand feeding screw mechanism of glue is connected with the charging aperture on the described combustion chamber.
3. according to the described biomass burner of claim 2, it is characterized in that, also be provided with the material lid of sealing dog-house on the described hopper.
4. according to claim 1 or 2 described biomass burners, it is characterized in that described bottom half is convenient to castor and the rail that complete machine moves in addition.
5. according to claim 1 or 2 described biomass burners, it is characterized in that described hopper bottom side also is provided with and lacks the material warning device.
6. according to claim 1 or 2 described biomass burners, it is characterized in that described outer wall of combustion chamber side also is provided with temperature alarm.
CN2011201541092U 2011-05-16 2011-05-16 Biomass combustor CN202048567U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011201541092U CN202048567U (en) 2011-05-16 2011-05-16 Biomass combustor

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011201541092U CN202048567U (en) 2011-05-16 2011-05-16 Biomass combustor

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN202048567U true CN202048567U (en) 2011-11-23

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2011201541092U CN202048567U (en) 2011-05-16 2011-05-16 Biomass combustor

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CN (1) CN202048567U (en)

Cited By (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102533307A (en) * 2012-02-13 2012-07-04 郭丰亮 Biomass fuel cracker
CN102679322A (en) * 2012-05-14 2012-09-19 开平市雅科机电设备有限公司 Biomass burning machine of rotary furnace bridge
CN103644562A (en) * 2013-11-13 2014-03-19 李而宏 Combined type energy-saving biomass fuel boiler
CN103968370A (en) * 2014-05-27 2014-08-06 山西灵英生物质能源开发有限公司 Burner
CN104121574A (en) * 2014-07-24 2014-10-29 武汉日和汽车零部件有限公司 Bio-fuel machine
CN104329661A (en) * 2014-09-25 2015-02-04 郑州鼎力新能源技术有限公司 Wood chip combustion furnace suitable for dryer
CN104848204A (en) * 2015-05-27 2015-08-19 黄伟健 Open-type biomass gas combustion engine
CN105003910A (en) * 2014-04-24 2015-10-28 农业部规划设计研究院 Centralized heat supply device adopting biomass briquette as raw materials
CN105318358A (en) * 2015-10-27 2016-02-10 重庆光煦科技有限公司 Biomass cooking range for restaurant
CN105423287A (en) * 2015-12-29 2016-03-23 云南佳叶工贸有限公司 Novel biomass granular fuel combustion device
CN106678774A (en) * 2015-11-05 2017-05-17 魏冰玲 Biomass combustion machine
CN107218723A (en) * 2017-08-01 2017-09-29 蒙城县华飞缝纫设备制造有限公司 A kind of novel energy-saving environment-friendly intelligence conduct hot oil furnace
CN108626717A (en) * 2017-03-17 2018-10-09 王坤明 A kind of biomass particle burning machine of Efficient intelligent
CN109059029A (en) * 2018-06-12 2018-12-21 合肥科塑信息科技有限公司 A kind of high energy efficiency biomass combustion furnace
CN109489031A (en) * 2018-11-16 2019-03-19 崔小勤 It is a kind of based on natural gas, the boiler of biomass composition fuel and its method

Cited By (18)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102533307A (en) * 2012-02-13 2012-07-04 郭丰亮 Biomass fuel cracker
CN102679322A (en) * 2012-05-14 2012-09-19 开平市雅科机电设备有限公司 Biomass burning machine of rotary furnace bridge
CN103644562A (en) * 2013-11-13 2014-03-19 李而宏 Combined type energy-saving biomass fuel boiler
CN105003910B (en) * 2014-04-24 2017-11-03 农业部规划设计研究院 A kind of biomass molding fuel central heating device
CN105003910A (en) * 2014-04-24 2015-10-28 农业部规划设计研究院 Centralized heat supply device adopting biomass briquette as raw materials
CN103968370A (en) * 2014-05-27 2014-08-06 山西灵英生物质能源开发有限公司 Burner
CN104121574A (en) * 2014-07-24 2014-10-29 武汉日和汽车零部件有限公司 Bio-fuel machine
CN104329661A (en) * 2014-09-25 2015-02-04 郑州鼎力新能源技术有限公司 Wood chip combustion furnace suitable for dryer
CN104848204A (en) * 2015-05-27 2015-08-19 黄伟健 Open-type biomass gas combustion engine
CN104848204B (en) * 2015-05-27 2018-07-24 黄伟健 A kind of open biogas combustion engine
CN105318358A (en) * 2015-10-27 2016-02-10 重庆光煦科技有限公司 Biomass cooking range for restaurant
CN106678774A (en) * 2015-11-05 2017-05-17 魏冰玲 Biomass combustion machine
CN105423287A (en) * 2015-12-29 2016-03-23 云南佳叶工贸有限公司 Novel biomass granular fuel combustion device
CN108626717A (en) * 2017-03-17 2018-10-09 王坤明 A kind of biomass particle burning machine of Efficient intelligent
CN107218723A (en) * 2017-08-01 2017-09-29 蒙城县华飞缝纫设备制造有限公司 A kind of novel energy-saving environment-friendly intelligence conduct hot oil furnace
CN109059029A (en) * 2018-06-12 2018-12-21 合肥科塑信息科技有限公司 A kind of high energy efficiency biomass combustion furnace
CN109489031A (en) * 2018-11-16 2019-03-19 崔小勤 It is a kind of based on natural gas, the boiler of biomass composition fuel and its method
CN109489031B (en) * 2018-11-16 2020-01-14 迁安联钢增洲钢管有限公司 Boiler based on natural gas and biomass combined fuel and method thereof

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20111123

Termination date: 20140516

C17 Cessation of patent right