CN202047935U - Intelligent flexible variable-pitch device of wind generator - Google Patents

Intelligent flexible variable-pitch device of wind generator Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN202047935U
CN202047935U CN2011201215727U CN201120121572U CN202047935U CN 202047935 U CN202047935 U CN 202047935U CN 2011201215727 U CN2011201215727 U CN 2011201215727U CN 201120121572 U CN201120121572 U CN 201120121572U CN 202047935 U CN202047935 U CN 202047935U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
support
wind
wheel hub
fixed base
turning axle
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
CN2011201215727U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘先军
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Jiangyin Jiangyuan New Energy Science & Technology Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Jiangyin Jiangyuan New Energy Science & Technology Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Jiangyin Jiangyuan New Energy Science & Technology Co Ltd filed Critical Jiangyin Jiangyuan New Energy Science & Technology Co Ltd
Priority to CN2011201215727U priority Critical patent/CN202047935U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN202047935U publication Critical patent/CN202047935U/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/70Wind energy
    • Y02E10/72Wind turbines with rotation axis in wind direction

Landscapes

  • Wind Motors (AREA)

Abstract

The utility model relates to a variable-pitch device, particularly an intelligent flexible variable-pitch device of a wind generator, which belongs to the technical field of wind power generation. The variable-pitch device comprises a wheel hub (1), a support (2), a fixing base I (3), revolving bodies (5) and a fixing base II (6). The support (2), the fixing base I (3) and the fixing base II (6) are arranged inside the wheel hub (1). The fixing base II (6) is fixedly connected with the lower end of the support (2). The fixing base I (3) sleeved on the support (2) is fixedly connected with the wheel hub (1). The lower part of the support (2) is fixedly equipped with a bevel gear I (7). The upper part of the support (2) is fixedly equipped with a plurality of inertia energy storage mechanisms (4) and the plurality of inertia energy storage mechanisms (4) are uniformly distributed along the outer edge of the support (2). The variable-pitch device is equipped with three revolving bodies (5) and the three revolving bodies (5) are uniformly arranged on the outer edge of the wheel hub (1). The intelligent flexible variable-pitch device of a wind generator has the advantages of safe and reliable performances, no hysteresis, high wind power generation efficiency and stable output power.

Description

Wind-driven generator intelligence flexible vane change device
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of vane change device, specifically relates to a kind of intelligence flexible vane change device that is used for wind-driven generator, belongs to technical field of wind power generation.
Background technique
Wind energy is nearest from us, takes most convenient, the clean energy resource that storage volume is huge.The development and use of wind energy are the trends in the world, and national governments all pay much attention to, and the wind energy industry is placed on very important strategic position, have put into effect every preferential policy, encourage and ensure the fast development of wind energy industry.Existing abroad more than the 100 year history of wind-powered electricity generation, only there are short ten years at home, no matter but be at present domestic or external, the limiting overload problem of wind-driven generator never is well solved under the high wind condition, the fan blade of wind-driven generator can produce high wind and carries under the high wind speed state, and power of fan is big more, blade is big more, it is big more that wind carries intensity, can cause the judder of blower fan, thereby cause machinery or fatigue damage, a lot of future troubles are arranged, the consequence that causes is exactly the intensity and the cost that must increase substantially pylon and unit.There is a lot of blower fan manufacturer to adopt braking device, but most braking devices need often maintenance and change, increased a large amount of maintenance costs, and generating efficiency is lower, and also some producer adopts feather angle control technique, and certain effect is arranged, but there is hysteresis quality in the control system clock, and the wind regime of nature is Protean, meets severse weather, still can not well play a role.After only being incorporated into the power networks, just can give full play to by big-and-middle-sized blower fan the usefulness of big blower fan, and one of condition that networks must satisfy frequency stabilization, voltage stabilizing and the steady requirement mutually of electrical network exactly, if brake that neither one is good or vane change device, blower fan " online " is just unlimited difficult so.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is to overcome above-mentioned deficiency, and a kind of wind-driven generator intelligence flexible vane change device of safe and reliable, no hysteresis quality is provided, and it need not manual operation, and intelligent automation, and blower fan output power fully is stable, the generating efficiency height.
The purpose of this utility model is achieved in that a kind of wind-driven generator intelligence flexible vane change device, be characterized in: it comprises wheel hub, support, fixed base I, solid of rotation and fixed base II, described support, fixed base I and fixed base II are arranged at wheel hub inside, described fixed base II is fixedly connected on the support lower end, fixed base I is set on the support and with wheel hub fixedlys connected, the support bottom is set with bevel gear I, support top is set with several inertia energy storage mechanisms, described several inertia energy storage mechanisms evenly distribute along the support outer rim, described solid of rotation has three, and described three solid of rotation evenly are arranged on the wheel hub outer rim.
Described each inertia energy storage mechanism comprises guide rail, slide block and pressure spring I, and described guide rail is inner fixedlys connected with support, and the outer end is set with block, and slide block and pressure spring I are set on the guide rail, and slide block is positioned at pressure spring I inboard.
Described solid of rotation comprises turning axle and revolution casing, in the middle of the described turning axle by Bearing Installation in the revolution casing, the revolution casing is stretched out at two ends, wherein turning axle the inner is provided with bevel gear II, the outer end is provided with flange II, bevel gear II and bevel gear I cooperatively interact, flange II is connected with the fan blade of wind-driven generator, the inner of revolution casing is provided with flange I, and flange I is connected with wheel hub, fixedly is fitted with spring bearer plate on the described turning axle, spring bearer plate is positioned at the revolution box house, spring bearer plate is provided with row's guide pillar on two sides up and down, and described two row's guide pillars lay respectively at the both sides of turning axle, are set with pressure spring II on the described guide pillar.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the utility model are:
A kind of wind-driven generator intelligence flexible of the utility model vane change device, when wind speed surpasses cut-out wind speed, can adjust the angle of facining the wind of fan blade according to the wind speed size automatically, no hysteresis quality, contained the unlimited raising of fan blade rotating speed, reduced the endergonic efficient of fan blade, made blower fan in certain wind speed range, keep stable power output, safety reliability is good, and generating efficiency is higher; And also be provided with inertia energy storage mechanism on its support, can when fluctuations in wind speed, play and cut the effect that low ebb is filled out on the peak, stablize the blower fan output power.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the general assembly drawing of the utility model wind-driven generator intelligence flexible vane change device.
Fig. 2 is the A-A sectional view of Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is the internal structure schematic representation of the utility model wind-driven generator intelligence flexible vane change device.
Fig. 4 is the B-B sectional view of Fig. 2.
Wherein:
Wheel hub 1, support 2, fixed base I3, inertia energy storage mechanism 4, guide rail 4.1, block 4.1.1, slide block 4.2, pressure spring I4.3, solid of rotation 5, turning axle 5.1, revolution casing 5.2, flange I5.3, flange II5.4, bevel gear II5.5, bearing 5.6, spring bearer plate 5.7, guide pillar 5.7.1, pressure spring II5.8, fixed base II6, bevel gear I7.
Embodiment
Referring to Fig. 1 ~ Fig. 4, the utility model relates to a kind of wind-driven generator intelligence flexible vane change device, it comprises wheel hub 1, support 2, fixed base I3, solid of rotation 5 and fixed base II6, described support 2, fixed base I3 and fixed base II6 are arranged at wheel hub 1 inside, described fixed base II6 is fixedly connected on support 2 lower ends, fixed base I3 is set on the support 2 and by bolt fixedlys connected with wheel hub 1, support 2 bottoms are set with bevel gear I7, support 2 tops are set with several inertia energy storage mechanisms 4, described several inertia energy storage mechanisms 4 evenly distribute along support 2 outer rims, each inertia energy storage mechanism 4 comprises guide rail 4.1, slide block 4.2 and pressure spring I4.3, fixedly connected with support 2 in described guide rail 4.1 the inners, the outer end is set with block 4.1.1, slide block 4.2 all is set on the guide rail 4.1 with pressure spring I4.3, slide block 4.2 is positioned at the pressure spring I4.3 outside, described solid of rotation 5 is three, described three solid of rotation 5 evenly are arranged on wheel hub 1 outer rim, each solid of rotation 5 comprises turning axle 5.1 and revolution casing 5.2, be arranged in the revolution casing 5.2 by bearing 5.6 in the middle of the turning axle 5.1, revolution casing 5.2 is stretched out at turning axle 5.1 two ends, wherein the inner of turning axle 5.1 is provided with bevel gear II5.5, the outer end is provided with flange II5.4, bevel gear II5.5 and bevel gear I7 cooperatively interact, flange II5.4 is connected with the fan blade of wind-driven generator, the inner of revolution casing 5.2 is provided with flange I5.3, flange I5.3 is connected with wheel hub 1, be fitted with spring bearer plate 5.7 on the described turning axle 5.1, spring bearer plate 5.7 is positioned at revolution casing 5.2 inside, be bolted to connection between spring bearer plate 5.7 and the turning axle 5.1, spring bearer plate is provided with row's guide pillar 5.7.1 on two sides about in the of 5.7, described two row's guide pillar 5.7.1 lay respectively at the both sides of turning axle 5.1, are set with pressure spring II5.8 on the described guide pillar 5.7.1.
Working principle:
During blower fan work, increasing when wind speed, when surpassing cut-out wind speed, in order to prevent the wind driven generator principal shaft overspeed rotation, bring infringement for fan blade, mechanical part and electrical system, at this moment will take to slow down or fan blade is become oar to reduce the wind energy uptake blower fan.Become oar and make fan blade reverse an angle exactly, allow the fan blade best angle that facings the wind of angle deviating that facings the wind.After wind speed surpasses the cut-out wind speed of fan design, pressure spring II begins to yield to the pressure that fan blade brings, increasing gradually along with wind speed, the pressure that fan blade passes to spring bearer plate continues to increase, spring bearer plate imposes on pressure of pressure spring II constantly is compressed pressure spring II, turning axle rotates, because the change of angle, the endergonic efficient of fan blade constantly reduces, blower fan just can keep the stable of output power in certain wind speed range like this, has contained the unlimited raising of fan blade rotating speed.When wind speed reduced gradually, the fan blade torsional pressure also reduced, and pressure spring II makes spring bearer plate get back to original position gradually because self elastic force overcomes the fan blade torsional pressure, has recovered power absorption efficiently.Every typical coefficient of pressure spring II is to require through calculating customizedly according to blower fan, can bear pressure at the following spring force of cut-out wind speed and does not shorten the constant oar of blower fan in the hope of reaching, wind speed surpasses after the cut-out wind speed, pressure increases gradually, and spring begins compression, blower variable-pitch.Extend again when wind speed reduces, directly controlled by nature wind regime, need not pass through other control system, do not have shortcomings such as hysteresis quality.
Bevel gear I and three bevel gear II match, and guarantee that the time of three vane propeller-changings is consistent with angle, have avoided the change oar not simultaneously, the inconsistent rotation imbalance that brings of angle.Inertia energy storage mechanism effect is similar to flywheel, and the wind speed of nature can not always remain on the wind speed, but instantaneous a fluctuation is arranged, and this stored energy mechanism can play the effect that low ebb is filled out on the peak of cutting.When wind speed is bigger, the centrifugal force that the slide block of inertia energy storage mechanism brings during owing to the wind wheel high speed rotating slides into the guide rail outer end, when wind speed is instantaneous when reducing, slide block since inertia can not rebound immediately, but stay for some time in the outer end, releasing energy, rotation provides a power-assisted to wheel hub, slowly gets back to this end of carriage center then, when wind speed becomes big again, part energy is absorbed by slide block again, slowly slide to the outer end, peak load shifting is stablized the blower fan output power so repeatedly.

Claims (3)

1. wind-driven generator intelligence flexible vane change device, it is characterized in that: it comprises wheel hub (1), support (2), fixed base I (3), solid of rotation (5) and fixed base II (6), described support (2), fixed base I (3) and fixed base II (6) are arranged at wheel hub (1) inside, described fixed base II (6) is fixedly connected on support (2) lower end, fixed base I (3) is set in support (2) and upward and with wheel hub (1) fixedlys connected, support (2) bottom is set with bevel gear I (7), support (2) top is set with several inertia energy storage mechanisms (4), described several inertia energy storage mechanisms (4) evenly distribute along support (2) outer rim, described solid of rotation (5) has three, and described three solid of rotation (5) evenly are arranged on wheel hub (1) outer rim.
2. a kind of wind-driven generator intelligence flexible vane change device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described each inertia energy storage mechanism (4) comprises guide rail (4.1), slide block (4.2) and pressure spring I (4.3), described guide rail (4.1) is inner fixedlys connected with support (2), the outer end is set with block (4.1.1), slide block (4.2) is set on the guide rail (4.1) with pressure spring I (4.3), and slide block (4.2) is positioned at pressure spring I (4.3) inboard.
3. a kind of wind-driven generator intelligence flexible vane change device according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that: described solid of rotation (5) comprises turning axle (5.1) and revolution casing (5.2), be installed in the revolution casing (5.2) by bearing (5.6) in the middle of the described turning axle (5.1), revolution casing (5.2) is stretched out at two ends, wherein turning axle (5.1) the inner is provided with bevel gear II (5.5), the outer end is provided with flange II (5.4), bevel gear II (5.5) and bevel gear I (7) cooperatively interact, flange II (5.4) is connected with the fan blade of wind-driven generator, the inner of revolution casing (5.2) is provided with flange I (5.3), flange I (5.3) is connected with wheel hub (1), described turning axle (5.1) is gone up and fixedly is fitted with spring bearer plate (5.7), spring bearer plate (5.7) is positioned at revolution casing (5.2) inside, spring bearer plate (5.7) is provided with row's guide pillar (5.7.1) on two sides up and down, described two row's guide pillars (5.7.1) lay respectively at the both sides of turning axle (5.1), are set with pressure spring II (5.8) on the described guide pillar (5.7.1).
CN2011201215727U 2011-04-22 2011-04-22 Intelligent flexible variable-pitch device of wind generator Expired - Lifetime CN202047935U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011201215727U CN202047935U (en) 2011-04-22 2011-04-22 Intelligent flexible variable-pitch device of wind generator

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011201215727U CN202047935U (en) 2011-04-22 2011-04-22 Intelligent flexible variable-pitch device of wind generator

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN202047935U true CN202047935U (en) 2011-11-23

Family

ID=44988246

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2011201215727U Expired - Lifetime CN202047935U (en) 2011-04-22 2011-04-22 Intelligent flexible variable-pitch device of wind generator

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN202047935U (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102146881A (en) * 2011-04-22 2011-08-10 江阴江源新能源科技有限公司 Intelligent flexible pitch-changing device for wind power generator
CN104912749A (en) * 2015-06-30 2015-09-16 河北工业大学 Wind generator adaptive adjustment hub device
CN106286131A (en) * 2016-11-03 2017-01-04 安徽理工大学 Small-sized wind power generator pitch control mechanism

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102146881A (en) * 2011-04-22 2011-08-10 江阴江源新能源科技有限公司 Intelligent flexible pitch-changing device for wind power generator
CN102146881B (en) * 2011-04-22 2013-03-06 江阴江源新能源科技有限公司 Intelligent flexible pitch-changing device for wind power generator
CN104912749A (en) * 2015-06-30 2015-09-16 河北工业大学 Wind generator adaptive adjustment hub device
CN106286131A (en) * 2016-11-03 2017-01-04 安徽理工大学 Small-sized wind power generator pitch control mechanism

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN102146881B (en) Intelligent flexible pitch-changing device for wind power generator
EP2463513B1 (en) Wind generating device
CN101963139B (en) Lift-drag composite vertical axis wind generator
CN202047935U (en) Intelligent flexible variable-pitch device of wind generator
CN103089547A (en) Balanced vertical-axis large wind power generation unit
CN201574891U (en) Wind-driven generator with multistage impellers
CN101852179B (en) Multi-stage impeller wind-driven generator
CN101457744B (en) Passive paddle changing wind power generator
CN202065128U (en) Rotating bucket speed regulation vertical shaft wind power generating device
CN201339543Y (en) Passive pitch-controlled wind-powered generator
CN201065812Y (en) Tornado type wind power machine
CN202746116U (en) Impeller
CN201723389U (en) Split wind driven generator
CN201778959U (en) Three-vertical shaft wind power generation device
CN201155427Y (en) Multi-blade wind power generation plant
CN204738910U (en) Three -dimensional aerogenerator of formula of folding
CN202991350U (en) Balanced type perpendicular-shaft large-sized wind-power generator set
CN103615355A (en) Perpendicular shaft offset distance type wind machine with wind collection covers
CN207554265U (en) The barrel type wind-driven generator on variable blade face
CN203230530U (en) Fine-adjustable wind power transmission mechanism
CN201972860U (en) Pneumatic variable propeller pitch type direct-drive permanent magnet wind power generating set
CN201963488U (en) Half-direct-drive permanent magnet complex vertical axis wind power generator set
CN102182627A (en) Semi-direct drive permanent magnet duplex type perpendicular shaft wind generating set
CN201763516U (en) Wind turbine having front area-adjustable blades
CN201250752Y (en) Wind shoe of wind-driven generator

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
AV01 Patent right actively abandoned

Granted publication date: 20111123

Effective date of abandoning: 20130306

RGAV Abandon patent right to avoid regrant