CN202028997U - Full-automatic grinder for high-precision crystal polygonal surfaces - Google Patents

Full-automatic grinder for high-precision crystal polygonal surfaces Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202028997U
CN202028997U CN2011201031117U CN201120103111U CN202028997U CN 202028997 U CN202028997 U CN 202028997U CN 2011201031117 U CN2011201031117 U CN 2011201031117U CN 201120103111 U CN201120103111 U CN 201120103111U CN 202028997 U CN202028997 U CN 202028997U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
mill
magnet
motor
full
controller
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN2011201031117U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李秀国
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
JIANGLE MINBEI MACHINERY CO Ltd
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JIANGLE MINBEI MACHINERY CO Ltd
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Priority to CN2011201031117U priority Critical patent/CN202028997U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN202028997U publication Critical patent/CN202028997U/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a full-automatic grinder for high-precision crystal polygonal surfaces, which comprises a framework, an abrasive wheel, an aluminum row, a lifting motor, a rotating motor, an aluminum row deflecting motor, a transmission and a closed-ring feedback automatic control device. The deflecting motor and the lifting motor are stepper motors, the deflection transmission is a worm gear and worm transmission, a rotating disc is coaxially fixedly connected onto a transmission shaft of the lifting motor and the abrasive wheel, magnets are embedded at proper positions of the end surfaces of the rotating disc and a worm gear, the magnet of the rotating disc is in the shape of an annular block, the transmission shaft penetrates through an annular center of the magnet of the rotating disc, magnetic induction sensors are abutted to the outer end surfaces of the magnets, output ends of the sensors are electrically connected with an input end of a controller, and an output end of the controller is electrically connected with input ends of the stepper motors. By the aid of the closed-ring feedback automatic control device, both the deflection angle and the lifting height can be set in the controller, the full-automatic grinder can automatically turn to machine a next working surface after a particular surface is machined in place, and the full-automatic grinder is simple in structure, low in cost and high in precision and automation degree.

Description

The full-automatic grinder of the quartzy many faceted pebbles of a kind of high accuracy
Technical field
The utility model relates to the grinding machinery technical field, relates in particular to the full-automatic grinder of the many faceted pebbles of a kind of crystal.
Background technology
Crystalline is transparent sparkling and crystal-clear, and to the refractive index height of light, spectrophotometric result is good.At optics industry and ornament, light trade purposes is widely arranged, it is more beautiful that quartzy color separation can make us see from common light, the more excellent world, and the light refraction of planar crystal and pure round crystal ball is all very dull, not attractive in appearance.Faceted pebble plane of refraction at most is many, effect of shadow is just better, therefore, people expect and can just can be efficiently carry out omnibearing layering attrition process to the many faceted pebbles of multi-angle of batch crystalline with the machine of simple structure as far as possible, it is thinner that quartzy plane of refraction is got, thereby make the crystal under the light become more truly beautiful colorful.
Quartzy many faceted pebbles grinder of prior art, its structure all are frame, the mill that is arranged on frame top that comprises frame structure, the aluminium row who is arranged on the mill top, the mill lifting motor that is arranged on the mill below, the mill electric rotating machine that is arranged on the mill side, aluminium row deflection motor, transmission device basically.The mill that is fixed with abrasive material during use rotates by constant speed, and operating personnel's manual operation electric switch by rule of thumb have the adjustable height of aluminium row's the deflection angle of crystal ball and mill to realize grinding to each face of crystal ball with adhesive securement with control.Single-deck formula and double plate two classes are arranged, and corresponding mill, aluminium row, supporting motor, transmission device are respectively single or two.Automaticity is low, labour intensity is big, efficient is low, the uniformity of batch machining is bad.Therefore, people have expected quartzy many faceted pebbles grinder of invention automation control.
For example, Granted publication number is in the Chinese patent of CN 201483324U, the technology of a kind of " the coding control lifting-positioning device of the quartzy flour milling machine of double plate " by name is disclosed, on on the basis of above-mentioned prior art structure, also be provided with the coding control device, the coding control device is connected with lifting motor by electric wire, the motor shaft of lifting motor is connected with screw mandrel, is provided with worm-wheel shaft between elevator chamber and the motor case, and worm-wheel shaft and screw mandrel pass through gears engaged.Store all information that different model crystal adds man-hour by the coding control device, access the information of the crystal processing of original storage when can process same model crystal afterwards, thereby regulate the height of lowering or hoisting gear etc. automatically, has the accuracy rate height, the location has accurately guaranteed the quality of same model crystal in different time processing.
Adopting such technology certainly normally to grind uses, also improved efficient to a certain extent, alleviated labour intensity, but it is to store the relevant information that different model crystal adds man-hour in advance by the coding control device, access the information of the crystal processing of original storage when processing same model crystal afterwards, thereby waiting, realizes the height of regulating lowering or hoisting gear, owing to there is not the feedback of sensor detection information, this comes down to a kind of open-loop control system, can not satisfy the processing flexibility requirement, the uniformity degree of different batches processing obviously can be subjected to the influence of each crystal ball riding position uniformity degree.Machining accuracy is high not enough, invents the active demand that a kind of full-automatic grinder of the quartzy many faceted pebbles of high accuracy that has the closed loop feedback self-con-tained unit becomes people.
The utility model content
For overcoming the deficiencies in the prior art, the utility model provides a kind of closed loop feedback self-con-tained unit that has, and simple in structure, cost is low, can high accuracy, the many faceted pebbles of multi-angle of batch crystalline are carried out quartzy many faceted pebbles grinder of full-automatic attrition process efficiently.
The utility model is to reach the technical scheme that above-mentioned technical purpose adopts to be: the full-automatic grinder of the quartzy many faceted pebbles of a kind of high accuracy, comprise frame structure frame, be arranged on frame top mill, be arranged on the aluminium row of mill top, the mill lifting motor that is arranged on the mill below, the mill electric rotating machine that is arranged on the mill side, aluminium row deflection motor, transmission device; Also comprise the closed loop feedback self-con-tained unit, aluminium row's deflection motor and mill lifting motor are stepper motors, aluminium row deflection transmission device is a worm gearing, the coaxial rotating disk that is fixedly connected with on the power transmission shaft of mill lifting motor and mill, the end face appropriate location of rotating disk and worm gear is embedded with magnet, rotating disk magnet is annulus piece shape, power transmission shaft passes the ring heart, corresponding magnet outer face is by being provided with magnetic induction sensor, the output of sensor is electrically connected with the controller input of robot control system(RCS), and the controller output end of robot control system(RCS) is electrically connected with the stepper motor input.
The change in displacement value is linear between the output signal value of described magnetic induction sensor and magnet and magnetic induction sensor.
The controller of described robot control system(RCS) is a computer.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are: owing to have the closed loop feedback self-con-tained unit.Aluminium row's deflection angle value, the adjustable height value of mill all can be set in the controller of self-con-tained unit in advance or temporarily, the magnetic induction sensor feedback signal detects and is automatically brought to next working face processing after certain face processing puts in place, reponse system can compensate the position degree deviation that different batches is installed crystal ball automatically, simple in structure, cost is low, can high accuracy, the many faceted pebbles of multi-angle to the batch crystalline carry out full-automatic attrition process efficiently.
Description of drawings
The utility model is described in further detail below in conjunction with drawings and Examples.Wherein:
Fig. 1 is the overall schematic of the utility model embodiment.
Marker number in the accompanying drawing is described as follows: deflection motor 1, worm screw 2, deflection magnetic induction sensor 3, worm gear magnet 4, worm gear 5, aluminium row 6, mill 7, lifting magnetic induction sensor 8, rotating disk 9, rotating disk magnet 10, elevating screw 11, lifting motor 12, frame 13, electric rotating machine 14, controller 15, driving-belt 16
The specific embodiment
Embodiment of the present utility model, as shown in Figure 1, the full-automatic grinder of the quartzy many faceted pebbles of a kind of high accuracy, comprise frame structure frame 13, be arranged on frame 13 tops mill 7, be arranged on mill 7 tops aluminium row 6, be arranged on the mill lifting motor 12 of mill 7 belows, the mill electric rotating machine 14 that is arranged on mill 7 sides, aluminium row deflection motor 1, transmission device; Also comprise the closed loop feedback self-con-tained unit, aluminium row's deflection motor 1 and mill lifting motor 12 are stepper motors, aluminium row deflection transmission device is a worm gearing, 7 on mill lifting motor 12 and mill play the coaxial rotating disk 9 that is fixedly connected with on the elevating screw 11 of gearings, the end face appropriate location of rotating disk 9 and worm gear 5 is embedded with magnet, worm gear magnet 4 can with box-shaped or other are any how much block, needed only the magnet size suitably, worm gear magnet 4 outer faces are by being provided with deflection magnetic induction sensor 3; Rotating disk magnet 10 is annulus piece shapes, and elevating screw 11 passes the rotating disk magnet 10 ring hearts, and rotating disk magnet 10 outer faces are by being provided with lifting magnetic induction sensor 8; The output of two sensors is electrically connected with the controller of robot control system(RCS) 15 corresponding inputs, and controller 15 corresponding outputs are electrically connected with two stepper motor inputs respectively.
Electric rotating machine 14 drives mill 7 rotations by the rotating shaft that driving-belt 16 connects mill 7.Controller 15 corresponding outputs are electrically connected with electric rotating machine 14 inputs.
The change in displacement value is linear between the output signal value of described magnetic induction sensor and magnet and magnetic induction sensor.Even the change in displacement value is not linear between the output signal value of magnetic induction sensor and magnet and magnetic induction sensor, also can in controller 15, carry out correction-compensation with program.Decide according to concrete installation site, be to be relative straight line between magnetic induction sensor and magnet in this way, short distance circular arc line deciliter, magnet can with box-shaped or other are any how much block, needed only the magnet size suitably, magnet is to be contained on the rotary body in this way, survey the upper and lower displacement of rotary body, then magnet will be used annulus piece shape, be installed on the rotating disk 9 with rotating shaft coaxle, rotating shaft is contained in the arbitrfary point in the magnet ring scope pressed close to above or below the magnet around, magnetic induction sensor, like this, because annulus piece shape magnet is axisymmetric fully, the magnetic induction that the factor that rotatablely moves of rotary body just can not influence the upper and lower displacement of rotary body detects.
The controller 15 of described robot control system(RCS) is a computer.Computer can be the supporting the corresponding interface device of all-purpose computer, also available custom-designed Industrial Control Computer.
Because the crystal ball volume is very little, in the processing aluminium arrange 6 deflection strokes and mill 7 lifting travels all very little, therefore, displacement variable is change in very among a small circle between magnetic induction sensor and magnet, as long as the magnet size suitably, the magnetic field range that just can not exceed active strength, as long as magnetic induction sensor can be measured at the variable quantity of this magnetic field of magnets that moves among a small circle and be converted into the variation input of the signal of telecommunication or just can realize the importing of feedback signal, realization closed-loop control by analog-digital converter input controller 15.This just can realize with current techique that on the automatic control sensor technology corresponding processing automatic program also is easy to realize on controller 15 or computer programming.
The crux point of the utility model technology is to have adopted magnetic induction sensor and the supporting displacement detecting method of magnet on quartzy grinder, technical easy realization, reliability height, inexpensive, practical, handy.As with other common low-cost mechanical displacement detecting methods such as Photoelectric Detection head and mobile card diverse location coding punching supporting technology, the displacement measurement precision is not by far up to the mark; As with the good slightly transformer displacement detecting technology of precision, two coil devices do not stop to relatively move unavoidably can positioning, and reliability is not high enough, implements relative trouble, and maintenance load is big; As mechanical displacement detection technique,, can increase substantially the manufacturing cost of complete machine again as the ultrasonic displacement detection head with other high accuracy high technology contents.

Claims (3)

1. the full-automatic grinder of the quartzy many faceted pebbles of a high accuracy, comprise frame structure frame, be arranged on frame top mill, be arranged on the aluminium row of mill top, the mill lifting motor that is arranged on the mill below, the mill electric rotating machine that is arranged on the mill side, aluminium row deflection motor, transmission device; It is characterized in that: also comprise the closed loop feedback self-con-tained unit, aluminium row's deflection motor and mill lifting motor are stepper motors, aluminium row deflection transmission device is a worm gearing, the coaxial rotating disk that is fixedly connected with on the power transmission shaft of mill lifting motor and mill, the end face appropriate location of rotating disk and worm gear is embedded with magnet, rotating disk magnet is annulus piece shape, power transmission shaft passes the ring heart, corresponding magnet outer face is by being provided with magnetic induction sensor, the output of sensor is electrically connected with the controller input of robot control system(RCS), and the controller output end of robot control system(RCS) is electrically connected with the stepper motor input.
2. the full-automatic grinder of the quartzy many faceted pebbles of a kind of high accuracy according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the change in displacement value is linear between the output signal value of described magnetic induction sensor and magnet and magnetic induction sensor.
3. the full-automatic grinder of the quartzy many faceted pebbles of a kind of high accuracy according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that: the controller of described robot control system(RCS) is a computer.
CN2011201031117U 2011-03-30 2011-03-30 Full-automatic grinder for high-precision crystal polygonal surfaces Expired - Fee Related CN202028997U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011201031117U CN202028997U (en) 2011-03-30 2011-03-30 Full-automatic grinder for high-precision crystal polygonal surfaces

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011201031117U CN202028997U (en) 2011-03-30 2011-03-30 Full-automatic grinder for high-precision crystal polygonal surfaces

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102729115A (en) * 2011-03-30 2012-10-17 将乐县闽北机械有限公司 High-precision crystal multi-faceted full-automatic grinder
CN103406814A (en) * 2013-08-22 2013-11-27 梧州学院 Gem processing device
CN104526489A (en) * 2014-12-24 2015-04-22 常熟市梅李镇亚贸玻璃配件厂 Glass surface grinding device
CN106493865A (en) * 2016-11-10 2017-03-15 安曼博珠宝控股有限公司 A kind of intelligent jewelry cuts topping machanism
CN110434728A (en) * 2019-07-29 2019-11-12 浦江县恒凯水晶有限公司 Crystal grinding device

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102729115A (en) * 2011-03-30 2012-10-17 将乐县闽北机械有限公司 High-precision crystal multi-faceted full-automatic grinder
CN103406814A (en) * 2013-08-22 2013-11-27 梧州学院 Gem processing device
CN104526489A (en) * 2014-12-24 2015-04-22 常熟市梅李镇亚贸玻璃配件厂 Glass surface grinding device
CN106493865A (en) * 2016-11-10 2017-03-15 安曼博珠宝控股有限公司 A kind of intelligent jewelry cuts topping machanism
CN106493865B (en) * 2016-11-10 2018-06-05 安曼博珠宝控股有限公司 A kind of intelligence jewelry cutting cutting apparatus
CN110434728A (en) * 2019-07-29 2019-11-12 浦江县恒凯水晶有限公司 Crystal grinding device

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20111109

Termination date: 20150330

EXPY Termination of patent right or utility model