CN202025476U - Novel dismountable, adjustable and maintainable numerical control teaching lathe - Google Patents

Novel dismountable, adjustable and maintainable numerical control teaching lathe Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202025476U
CN202025476U CN2011201116897U CN201120111689U CN202025476U CN 202025476 U CN202025476 U CN 202025476U CN 2011201116897 U CN2011201116897 U CN 2011201116897U CN 201120111689 U CN201120111689 U CN 201120111689U CN 202025476 U CN202025476 U CN 202025476U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
bearing
screw
motor
ball
lathe
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
CN2011201116897U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
黄华圣
李坚坚
朱秀娟
刘洋
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Zhejiang Tianhuang Science and Technology Industrial Co Ltd
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Zhejiang Tianhuang Science and Technology Industrial Co Ltd
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Priority to CN2011201116897U priority Critical patent/CN202025476U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN202025476U publication Critical patent/CN202025476U/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The utility model relates to a novel dismountable, adjustable and maintainable numerical control teaching lathe, comprising a lathe bed, a Z axle moving mechanism, an X axle moving mechanism, a headstock and a tailstock, wherein the headstock is arranged at one side of the Z axle moving mechanism, and the tailstock is arranged at the other side; the Z axle moving mechanism is driven by a Z axle ball screw, and the X axle moving mechanism is driven by an X axle ball screw; two ends of each ball screw are respectively connected with a bearing, the bearing is arranged on a bearing support, and a bottom of at least one bearing support is provided with an adjusting block used for adjusting height of the ball screw. Parts of the lathe are separated, convenient for carrying out training about the assembling and maintenance of the numerical control lathe, and in particular an adjusting block is arranged on the Z axle moving mechanism, convenient for a trainee to carry out training on adjusting parallelism between the ball screw and a guide rail. The trainee can not only learn about structural principle of the numerical control lathe, but also repeatedly dismount and maintain the lathe, thereby improving his/her understanding and hand using ability.

Description

A kind of novel maintenance numerical control teaching lathe of debuging
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of numerical control teaching lathe, particularly a kind of novel maintenance numerical control teaching lathe of debuging.
Background technology
The development of China NC Machine is very fast, the total amount of numerically-controlled machine increases year by year, enterprise presents quick growth to the demand for talent amount with numerical control operating and maintenance skills, the lifting of industry has proposed new requirement to the vocational education of serving enterprise development, to not only grasping the numerical control programming operation, but also having the inter-disciplinary talent's who debugs maintenance skills cultivation, be that society generally is concerned about, enterprise pumps up and vocational school's problem demanding prompt solution.
At present, the talent of maintenance skills aspect debugs in order to cultivate numerical control device in each vocational education school, has offered various associative skills training courses.But, because numerically controlled lathe is bulky, move difficulty, each mechanical part is difficult for debuging, the numerically controlled lathe of each vocational education school is debug the training of debuging that the maintenance education activities are primarily aimed at electric aspect, and the machinery assembling adjustment aspect that the student is difficult in numerically controlled lathe is able to effective training.Therefore, it is little, in light weight to press for a kind of volume of design, can debug the numerical control teaching lathe that maintenance can actually be processed again by machinery.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved in the utility model provides a kind of novel maintenance numerical control teaching lathe of debuging, and described lathe is made up of multiple mechanical module, can realize that numerically controlled lathe machinery debugs maintenance training, connects the electrical control part and can carry out physical treatment.
For addressing the above problem, the technical solution of the utility model is:
A kind of novel maintenance numerical control teaching lathe of debuging, comprise lathe bed, be installed on the lathe bed and cooperate the Z shaft movement mechanism that slides with its guide rail, be installed on the Z shaft movement mechanism and cooperate the X-axis motion that slides with its guide rail, be installed on main spindle box and the tailstock that is installed on the lathe bed on the lathe bed, main spindle box and tailstock are installed in the both sides of Z shaft movement mechanism respectively, described Z shaft movement mechanism and X-axis motion are respectively by Z axle ball-screw and the transmission of X-axis ball-screw, described each ball-screw two ends are connected with bearing respectively, Bearing Installation is on bearing spider, and described at least one bearing spider bottom is provided with the adjustment piece that is used to adjust the ball-screw height.
Preferably, described adjustment piece is arranged on the bottom of Z axle ball-screw right bearing bearing.
Preferably, described X-axis motion is provided with passive workpiece X-axis mobile pallet, and the X-axis mobile pallet is connected with the X-axis ball-screw by feed screw nut, and described X-axis mobile pallet is provided with nut seat, and feed screw nut is connected with nut seat.
Preferably, described Z shaft movement mechanism is provided with passive workpiece Z axle mobile pallet, and Z axle mobile pallet is connected with Z axle ball-screw by feed screw nut, and described Z axle mobile pallet is provided with nut seat, and feed screw nut is connected with nut seat.
Preferably, described X-axis motion also comprises motor, motor bearing, guide rail slide block, left bearing, right bearing, left bearing bearing, right bearing bearing, band and synchronizing wheel synchronously, left bearing and right bearing are separately positioned on the two ends, the left and right sides of X-axis ball-screw, left bearing is installed on the left bearing bearing, right bearing is installed on the right bearing bearing, synchronizing wheel is arranged on the X-axis ball-screw, synchronizing wheel links to each other with motor by being with synchronously, motor is fixed on the motor bearing, and described guide rail slide block is arranged on the bottom of X-axis mobile pallet.
Preferably, described Z shaft movement mechanism also comprises motor, motor bearing, left bearing, right bearing, right bearing bearing, shaft coupling and linear line slideway, left bearing and right bearing are separately positioned on two ends, the Z axle ball-screw left and right sides, right bearing is installed on the right bearing bearing, motor and left bearing are installed on the motor bearing, motor links to each other with Z axle ball-screw by shaft coupling, and described linear line slideway is arranged on Z axle mobile pallet top.
Preferably, described guide rail slide block and linear line slideway are used.
Preferably, described Z axle ball-screw and X-axis ball-screw top is equipped with the stainless steel protective cover.
Preferably, described motor is DC servo motor or AC servo motor or stepper motor.
A kind of novel maintenance numerical control teaching lathe of debuging that the utility model provides has unique small-scale structure Design Mode, and the parts in the lathe adopt the separate type design, can realize the training to numerically controlled lathe assembling maintenance easily; Particularly be provided with the adjustment piece on the Z shaft movement mechanism, can make things convenient for the student to realize the training that the depth of parallelism between ball screw and guide rail is adjusted; The student not only can understand the structural principle of numerically controlled lathe in theory, and can also carry out repeated disassembled and assembled and maintenance real training to the utility model, thereby improves student's understanding and manipulative ability.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the utility model master TV structure synoptic diagram.
Fig. 2 is the utility model left side TV structure synoptic diagram.
Fig. 3 is the right TV structure synoptic diagram of the utility model.
Fig. 4 is the cross-sectional view of the utility model right view.
Embodiment
Further describe the utility model below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, but protection domain of the present utility model is not limited to this.
With reference to Fig. 1-4, a kind of novel maintenance numerical control teaching lathe of debuging of the present utility model, comprise lathe bed 19, be installed on the lathe bed and cooperates the Z shaft movement mechanism that slides with its guide rail, be installed on the Z shaft movement mechanism and cooperate with its guide rail slip the X-axis motion, be installed on the main spindle box 9 on the lathe bed and be installed on tailstock 15 on the lathe bed.Main spindle box 9 and tailstock 15 are installed in the both sides of Z shaft movement mechanism respectively, and main spindle box 9 is installed on lathe bed 19 left sides, and tailstock 15 is installed in the right side of lathe bed 19, and some bed ways 41 are be arrangeding in parallel on the lathe bed 19.
Described main shaft 8 is installed in the main spindle box 9, polywedge bet wheel 7 is installed on the left end of main shaft 8, link to each other with spindle motor 3 by polywedge bet 1, simultaneously, main shaft 8 left ends are equipped with main shaft synchronizing wheel 5, main shaft synchronizing wheel 5 is with 4 to link to each other with scrambler 6 by main shaft synchronously, realizes main shaft 8 and scrambler 6 synchronous operations and carries out the synchronous feedback of main shaft 8 rotating speeds; Spindle motor 3 is installed on the spindle motor support 2.Spindle chuck 10 is installed on the right-hand member of described main shaft 8, can be when carrying out process operation retaining element easily so that the carrying out smoothly of processing.
The Z shaft movement mechanism comprises Z axle ball-screw 18, feed screw nut 37, nut seat 20, Z axle mobile pallet 14, motor 25, motor bearing 23, left bearing 22, right bearing 17, right bearing bearing 16, shaft coupling 24, linear line slideway 13, adjusts piece 40 and Z axial filament bar protective cover 38.The Z shaft movement mechanism is by 18 transmissions of Z axle ball-screw, described left bearing 22 and right bearing 17 are separately positioned on two ends, Z axle ball-screw 18 left and right sides, right bearing 17 is installed on the right bearing bearing 16, right bearing bearing 16 bottoms are provided with adjusts piece 40, by regulating the height of described adjustment piece 40, realize the depth of parallelism of 41 of Z shaft ball screw 18 and bed ways easily.Motor 25 and left bearing 22 are installed on the motor bearing 23, and motor 25 links to each other with Z axle ball-screw 18 by shaft coupling 24, and drive Z axle ball-screw 18 rotation synchronously.Linear line slideway 13 is arranged on Z axle mobile pallet 14 tops, Z axle mobile pallet 14 is passive workpiece of Z axle ball-screw 18, do rectilinear motion by 18 drives of Z axle ball-screw, Z axle mobile pallet 14 is connected with Z axle ball-screw 18 by feed screw nut 37, Z axle mobile pallet 14 is provided with nut seat 20, feed screw nut 37 is installed on the Z axle ball-screw 18, and feed screw nut 37 is connected with nut seat 20.Described Z axial filament bar protective cover 38 adopts stainless steel, and is fixed on the lathe bed 19, in order to protection Z axle ball-screw 18.Described motor is DC servo motor or AC servo motor or stepper motor.
Described X-axis motion comprises X-axis ball-screw 29, feed screw nut 30, X-axis mobile pallet 28, nut seat 42, motor 33, motor bearing 35, guide rail slide block 12, left bearing 26, right bearing 31, left bearing bearing 27, right bearing bearing 36, is with 34 synchronously, synchronizing wheel 32 and X-axis stainless steel protective cover.The X-axis motion is by 29 transmissions of X-axis ball-screw, described left bearing 26 and right bearing 31 are separately positioned on the two ends, the left and right sides of X-axis ball-screw 29, left bearing 26 is installed on the left bearing bearing 27, right bearing 31 is installed on the right bearing bearing 36, and left bearing 26 and right bearing 31 are fixed on the Z axle mobile pallet 14.Synchronizing wheel 32 is arranged on the X-axis ball-screw 29, and synchronizing wheel 32 is by being with 34 to link to each other with motor 33 synchronously, and motor 33 is fixed on the motor bearing 35.Described guide rail slide block 12 is arranged on the bottom of X-axis mobile pallet 28, guide rail slide block 12 cooperates slip with linear line slideway 13, described guide rail slide block has four, four guide rail slider support X-axis mobile pallets 28, and described line slideway briquetting 11 links to each other with the guide rail slide block.X-axis mobile pallet 28 is connected with X-axis ball-screw 29 by feed screw nut 30 and drives 28 slips of X-axis mobile pallet by 29 rotations of X-axis ball-screw, described X-axis mobile pallet 28 is provided with nut seat 42, feed screw nut 30 is arranged on the X-axis ball-screw 29, and feed screw nut 30 is connected with nut seat 42.Described X-axis stainless steel protective cover adopts stainless steel, in order to protection X-axis ball-screw 29.Described motor is DC servo motor or AC servo motor or stepper motor.
At last, should be pointed out that above example only is the more representational example of the utility model.Obviously, the technical solution of the utility model is not limited to above-mentioned example, and many distortion can also be arranged.All distortion that those of ordinary skill in the art can directly derive or associate from the disclosed content of the utility model all should be thought protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (9)

1. novel debuging keeped in repair numerical control teaching lathe, comprise lathe bed (19), be installed on the lathe bed and cooperate the Z shaft movement mechanism that slides with its guide rail, be installed on the Z shaft movement mechanism and cooperate the X-axis motion that slides with its guide rail, be installed on the main spindle box (9) on the lathe bed and be installed on tailstock (15) on the lathe bed, main spindle box (9) and tailstock (15) are installed in the both sides of Z shaft movement mechanism respectively, it is characterized in that, described Z shaft movement mechanism and X-axis motion are respectively by Z axle ball-screw (18) and X-axis ball-screw (29) transmission, described each ball-screw two ends are connected with bearing respectively, Bearing Installation is on bearing spider, and described at least one bearing spider bottom is provided with the adjustment piece that is used to adjust the ball-screw height.
2. a kind of novel maintenance numerical control teaching lathe of debuging according to claim 1 is characterized in that described adjustment piece is arranged on the bottom of Z axle ball-screw (18) right bearing bearing (16).
3. a kind of novel maintenance numerical control teaching lathe of debuging according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described X-axis motion is provided with passive workpiece X-axis mobile pallet (28), X-axis mobile pallet (28) is connected with X-axis ball-screw (29) by feed screw nut (30), described X-axis mobile pallet (28) is provided with nut seat (42), and feed screw nut (30) is connected with nut seat (42).
4. a kind of novel maintenance numerical control teaching lathe of debuging according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described Z shaft movement mechanism is provided with passive workpiece Z axle mobile pallet (14), Z axle mobile pallet (14) is connected with Z axle ball-screw (18) by feed screw nut (37), described Z axle mobile pallet (14) is provided with nut seat (20), and feed screw nut (37) is connected with nut seat (20).
5. a kind of novel maintenance numerical control teaching lathe of debuging according to claim 3, it is characterized in that, described X-axis motion also comprises motor (33), motor bearing (35), guide rail slide block (12), left bearing (26), right bearing (31), left bearing bearing (27), right bearing bearing (36), be with (34) and synchronizing wheel (32) synchronously, left bearing (26) and right bearing (31) are separately positioned on the two ends, the left and right sides of X-axis ball-screw (29), left bearing (26) is installed on the left bearing bearing (27), right bearing (31) is installed on the right bearing bearing (36), synchronizing wheel (32) is arranged on the X-axis ball-screw (29), synchronizing wheel (32) links to each other with motor (33) by being with (34) synchronously, motor (33) is fixed on the motor bearing (35), and described guide rail slide block (12) is arranged on the bottom of X-axis mobile pallet (28).
6. a kind of novel maintenance numerical control teaching lathe of debuging according to claim 4, it is characterized in that, described Z shaft movement mechanism also comprises motor (25), motor bearing (23), left bearing (22), right bearing (17), right bearing bearing (16), shaft coupling (24) and linear line slideway (13), left bearing (22) and right bearing (17) are separately positioned on Z axle ball-screw (18) two ends, the left and right sides, right bearing (17) is installed on the right bearing bearing (16), motor (25) and left bearing (22) are installed on the motor bearing (23), motor (25) links to each other with Z axle ball-screw (18) by shaft coupling (24), and described linear line slideway (13) is arranged on Z axle mobile pallet (14) top.
7. a kind of novel maintenance numerical control teaching lathe of debuging according to claim 5 is characterized in that described guide rail slide block (12) is used with linear line slideway (13).
8. a kind of novel maintenance numerical control teaching lathe of debuging according to claim 1 is characterized in that described Z axle ball-screw (18) and X-axis ball-screw (29) top are equipped with the stainless steel protective cover.
9. according to claim 5 or 6 described a kind of novel debug maintenance numerical control teaching lathes, it is characterized in that described motor is DC servo motor or AC servo motor or stepper motor.
CN2011201116897U 2011-04-15 2011-04-15 Novel dismountable, adjustable and maintainable numerical control teaching lathe Expired - Lifetime CN202025476U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011201116897U CN202025476U (en) 2011-04-15 2011-04-15 Novel dismountable, adjustable and maintainable numerical control teaching lathe

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011201116897U CN202025476U (en) 2011-04-15 2011-04-15 Novel dismountable, adjustable and maintainable numerical control teaching lathe

Publications (1)

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CN202025476U true CN202025476U (en) 2011-11-02

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CN2011201116897U Expired - Lifetime CN202025476U (en) 2011-04-15 2011-04-15 Novel dismountable, adjustable and maintainable numerical control teaching lathe

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103010825A (en) * 2012-12-06 2013-04-03 沧州华海风电设备科技技术开发有限公司 Cable arrangement device and electric excavator
CN104485048A (en) * 2014-07-29 2015-04-01 西北农林科技大学 Miniature manually-operated lathe

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103010825A (en) * 2012-12-06 2013-04-03 沧州华海风电设备科技技术开发有限公司 Cable arrangement device and electric excavator
CN104485048A (en) * 2014-07-29 2015-04-01 西北农林科技大学 Miniature manually-operated lathe

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Granted publication date: 20111102