CN202017008U - Edible fungus dreg recycling treatment device - Google Patents

Edible fungus dreg recycling treatment device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202017008U
CN202017008U CN2011200082592U CN201120008259U CN202017008U CN 202017008 U CN202017008 U CN 202017008U CN 2011200082592 U CN2011200082592 U CN 2011200082592U CN 201120008259 U CN201120008259 U CN 201120008259U CN 202017008 U CN202017008 U CN 202017008U
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China
Prior art keywords
anaerobic reactor
biogas
anaerobic
edible fungi
marsh gas
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CN2011200082592U
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Inventor
王艳芹
袁长波
边文范
任鹏飞
张昌爱
姚利
刘�英
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Institute of Agricultural Resources and Environment of Shandong Academy of Agricultural Sciences
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Institute of Agricultural Resources and Environment of Shandong Academy of Agricultural Sciences
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C12BIOCHEMISTRY; BEER; SPIRITS; WINE; VINEGAR; MICROBIOLOGY; ENZYMOLOGY; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING
    • C12MAPPARATUS FOR ENZYMOLOGY OR MICROBIOLOGY; APPARATUS FOR CULTURING MICROORGANISMS FOR PRODUCING BIOMASS, FOR GROWING CELLS OR FOR OBTAINING FERMENTATION OR METABOLIC PRODUCTS, i.e. BIOREACTORS OR FERMENTERS
    • C12M21/00Bioreactors or fermenters specially adapted for specific uses
    • C12M21/04Bioreactors or fermenters specially adapted for specific uses for producing gas, e.g. biogas
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C12BIOCHEMISTRY; BEER; SPIRITS; WINE; VINEGAR; MICROBIOLOGY; ENZYMOLOGY; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING
    • C12MAPPARATUS FOR ENZYMOLOGY OR MICROBIOLOGY; APPARATUS FOR CULTURING MICROORGANISMS FOR PRODUCING BIOMASS, FOR GROWING CELLS OR FOR OBTAINING FERMENTATION OR METABOLIC PRODUCTS, i.e. BIOREACTORS OR FERMENTERS
    • C12M23/00Constructional details, e.g. recesses, hinges
    • C12M23/02Form or structure of the vessel
    • C12M23/18Open ponds; Greenhouse type or underground installations
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C12BIOCHEMISTRY; BEER; SPIRITS; WINE; VINEGAR; MICROBIOLOGY; ENZYMOLOGY; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING
    • C12MAPPARATUS FOR ENZYMOLOGY OR MICROBIOLOGY; APPARATUS FOR CULTURING MICROORGANISMS FOR PRODUCING BIOMASS, FOR GROWING CELLS OR FOR OBTAINING FERMENTATION OR METABOLIC PRODUCTS, i.e. BIOREACTORS OR FERMENTERS
    • C12M41/00Means for regulation, monitoring, measurement or control, e.g. flow regulation
    • C12M41/12Means for regulation, monitoring, measurement or control, e.g. flow regulation of temperature
    • C12M41/18Heat exchange systems, e.g. heat jackets or outer envelopes
    • C12M41/24Heat exchange systems, e.g. heat jackets or outer envelopes inside the vessel
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C12BIOCHEMISTRY; BEER; SPIRITS; WINE; VINEGAR; MICROBIOLOGY; ENZYMOLOGY; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING
    • C12MAPPARATUS FOR ENZYMOLOGY OR MICROBIOLOGY; APPARATUS FOR CULTURING MICROORGANISMS FOR PRODUCING BIOMASS, FOR GROWING CELLS OR FOR OBTAINING FERMENTATION OR METABOLIC PRODUCTS, i.e. BIOREACTORS OR FERMENTERS
    • C12M43/00Combinations of bioreactors or fermenters with other apparatus
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E50/00Technologies for the production of fuel of non-fossil origin
    • Y02E50/30Fuel from waste, e.g. synthetic alcohol or diesel
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P20/00Technologies relating to chemical industry
    • Y02P20/10Process efficiency
    • Y02P20/133Renewable energy sources, e.g. sunlight
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/40Bio-organic fraction processing; Production of fertilisers from the organic fraction of waste or refuse

Abstract

The utility model relates to a method and a device for treating edible fungus dregs. The method mainly comprises the following steps of: putting waste fungus dregs and maize straws or cattle farm dungs into an anaerobic reactor; and fermenting to generate marsh gas. In the device, a red mud plastic top cap is covered above the anaerobic reactor; and an obliquely-arranged stirrer is arranged in the anaerobic reactor, so that incrustation is prevented while the material feeding and discharging of fungus dreg raw materials are facilitated. The generated marsh gas is used for generating electricity or is used for agriculture, marsh gas dregs are used for preparing organic fertilizers, and marsh gas liquid is used for preparing leaf surface fertilizers for fruits or vegetables; and new energy sources, namely the marsh gas and the organic fertilizers are obtained while the fungus dregs are treated. The device and the method are mainly applied to main edible fungus production areas; the device is used in coordination with a sunlight plate brooder and a solar heat supply device; the method is used in coordination with a complex microorganism fungicide; and the anaerobic reactor can be normally used throughout the year.

Description

A kind of treatment unit of edible fungi residue recycling
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of treatment unit of edible fungi residue recycling, can solve the waste bacterial slag wasting of resources and problem of environmental pollution simultaneously, belongs to agricultural technology field.
Background technology
At present, China has become Edible Fungi first big country in the world, and national edible mushrooms ultimate production reached 2.02 * 10 in 2009 7T accounts for more than 70% of global ultimate production, and Shandong Province's edible mushrooms ultimate production reaches 2,060,000 t, accounts for 10.2% of national edible mushrooms ultimate production.Be accompanied by the flourish of mushroom industry, have every year a large amount of edible fungi residues to produce, press edible fungus biology efficient average 40% and calculate national edible fungi residue ultimate production about 5.05 * 10 in 2009 7T, Shandong Province's edible fungi residue total amount reaches 5,150,000 t, enormous amount.
It is reported that Shandong Province's culturing edible fungus is mainly with cotton seed hull, corn cob, vinasse are major ingredient, and the contained nutrition of cotton seed hull is more comprehensive, water-absorbent is strong, good permeability is convenient to send out the bacterium fruiting, is mainly used in cultivating flammulina velutipes, and dried corn cob contains moisture 8.7%, organic matter 91.3%, wherein crude protein 2.0%, crude fat 0.7%, robust fibre 28.2%, soluble-carbohydrate 58.4%, coarse ash 2.0%, calcium 0.1%, phosphorus 0.08%, mainly be suitable for cultivating white mushroom, vinasse also are a kind of good edible fungus culturing raw materials, and its nutritive ingredient is fit to the growth of shaggy mane mycelium, both the Coprinus comatus production cost can be reduced, contaminate environment can be prevented again.These raw materials are extensive use of by the mushroom farming because of its distinctive character.
Yet how edible fungi residue is carried out environmental protection effectively handle, never be well solved.Be used as fertilizer except that a small amount of bacterium slag every year, a large amount of bacterium slags arbitrarily abandon, this has not only caused the huge waste of agriculture organic resource, also caused the deterioration of surrounding environment, cause bacterial reproduction, pathophoresis has been caused near resident living environment and has a strong impact on, and has caused significant damage also near mushroom industry.
In recent years, the agricultural wastes anaerobic treatment process development of China is very rapid, various novel procesies, novel method constantly occur, as full-mixing type anaerobic reactor (CSTR), flow lifting type solid reactor (USR), upflow anaerobic sludge blanket reactor (UASB) and internal-circulation anaerobic reactor (IC) etc., all obtained significant effect.Full-mixing type anaerobic reactor (CSTR) is mainly used in handles plant's ight soil, the solid substance of fermentation raw material (TS) concentration can reach 8-12%, stirring system is set, flow lifting type solid reactor (USR) mainly is suitable for the livestock and poultry feces of solid substance (TS) concentration 5-8%, inside is provided with water distribution system, upflow anaerobic sludge blanket reactor (UASB) and internal-circulation anaerobic reactor (IC) are mainly used to handle high concentrated organic wastewater, as alcohol, molasses, factory effluents such as citric acid, also can handle intermediate concentration organic waste water, as beer, butcher, factory effluents such as soft drink, can also handle low-concentration organic waste water, as sanitary sewage, municipal effluent etc., but solid substance (TS) concentration is unsuitable too high.
Because of the characteristic of edible fungi residue material, if use anaerobic reactor (as common full-mixing type anaerobic reactor) or hydraulic type domestic methane tank (10-30m commonly used at present 3) wait the anaerobic digestion device anaerobically fermenting, there is the charging difficulty, crust easily in the anaerobic fermentation process, problem such as discharging difficulty behind the anaerobically fermenting.Produce biogas for a kind of new anaerobically fermenting of handling edible fungi residue that is applicable to, can make things convenient for input and output material, prevent crust, can guarantee the anaerobic reaction apparatus that run well winter again, still do not have report at present.
Summary of the invention
At the deficiencies in the prior art, the utility model provides a kind of treatment unit of edible fungi residue recycling, realizes the edible fungi residue recycling.
The term explanation:
Red-sludge plastic: a kind of biogas anaerobic reaction apparatus top cover material, mainly by compound composition of red soil high-intensity fiber of antiaging agent, antioxidant, it is good to have heat absorptivity, anticorrosive, uvioresistant, advantage such as anti-aging can fully absorb solar energy, anaerobically fermenting temperature height, the methane gas producing amount is big, there is the plurality of specifications model commercially available prod, all can be used in the utility model.
Brick mix structure: brick mix structure is a kind of of mixed structure, is to adopt brick wall to come load-bearing the mixed structure system that members such as reinforced concrete beam column plate constitute.
The enameling sheet structure: enameling sheet is the titanium alloy steel plate special, and thickness can reach 20mm, and steel plate thickness 3-8mm commonly used, contains rust, contains oxide skin the surface of steel plate oil-containing, through pre-treating technologies such as overpickling, alkali cleaning, sandings, surface of steel plate is handled totally; At electric furnace back warp 900 high temperature secondary enamel, coat the 0.3mm enamel coating again on the inside and outside two sides of steel plate.Has very strong bonding force between enamel coating and the steel plate.Enamel coating can not only stop the tank body corrosion, and has anti-strong acid, the alkaline function.And has an extremely strong abrasion resistance.The Beijing YingheRui environmental protection equipment Co., Ltd is on sale.
The technical solution of the utility model is:
A kind of treatment unit of edible fungi residue recycling, comprise anaerobic reaction apparatus, biogas dehydration devulcanizer, accumulator unit and biogas utilization device, it is characterized in that described anaerobic reaction apparatus comprises anaerobic reactor, brooder, solar energy heat collector; The anaerobic reactor top covers the red-sludge plastic top cover, and anaerobic reactor inside is provided with inclined type agitator and interior hot channel, and interior hot channel is communicated with the some loop pipes of pressing close to pool wall, and this loop pipe is covered with the anaerobic reactor pool wall; The anaerobic reactor outside has brooder, solar energy heat collector places outside the brooder, the solar energy heat collector bottom has the solar-heating pipeline to link to each other with hot channel feed-water end in the anaerobic reactor, and the hot channel water side is connected by return water pipe and solar energy heat collector top water inlet in the anaerobic reactor; The anaerobic reactor top has methane outlet to be communicated with the biogas escape pipe.
Described anaerobic reaction apparatus size can be selected according to Edible Fungi district raw material condition, can be made as 8-200m 3, can be 1 of every household, also can produce the edible mushrooms district for batch production.
Described solar energy heat collector can be selected according to anaerobic reactor size and temperature of charge requirement in winter, and market is on sale, and for example Sangle Solar Co., Ltd., Shandong produces and sells.
Anaerobic reactor can link to each other with dewater desulphurization system, accumulator unit of biogas successively by the biogas escape pipe, is connected with biogas generator or household biogas kitchen range then, uses for the user.The dehydration desulphurization system is the universal product, and market is on sale.(for example Dongguan City Condar environmental protection heat company limited produce sell), according to every day gas production rate can select different models, those skilled in the art all can select.
The treatment unit of the edible fungi residue recycling that uses for every household, volume is 8-30m 3, can be complete underground brick mix structure, do not match biogas residue and biogas liquid storage pool, natural pond liquid preparing pool and natural pond slag and handle the field, biogas residue and biogas liquid peasant household can apply the farmland voluntarily.
Produce the edible mushrooms district for batch production, anaerobic reaction apparatus volume is 30-200m 3, can be semi-underground type enameling sheet structure, need supporting biogas residue and biogas liquid storage pool, natural pond liquid preparing pool and natural pond slag to handle the field, natural pond liquid is deployed into fruit, fertilizer special for vegetable, and the natural pond slag is made fertilizer.
Devulcanizer is a kind of instrument in the household biogas gas transmission system of rural area.Devulcanizer is made up of tensimeter, switch, cylinder for desulfurization and sweetening agent.The family generally is 1.6 liters with the cylinder for desulfurization volume, dress sweetening agent in the cylinder for desulfurization.Sweetening agent has two kinds: a kind of is solid desulfurating agent; Another kind is the liquid sweetening agent.Market is on sale.
According to said apparatus of the present utility model, be preferably as follows:
Described anaerobic reactor is complete underground or right cylinder semi-underground type enameling sheet structure.Described brooder material is double-deck sunlight board, and market is on sale.
Described solar-heating installs pipes and the anaerobic reactor interior conduit is the water medium heat-transfer pipe.
Said apparatus is opened the red-sludge plastic top cover when input and output material, feed liquid is gone out clearly from anaerobic reactor, and new disposable the entering of edible fungi residue fermentation raw material reloaded 1 time every 2-3 month.Try not to reload winter (December-March).
The red-sludge plastic top cover of described anaerobic reactor top, by compound composition of red soil high-intensity fiber of antiaging agent, antioxidant, commercially available, the plurality of specifications model is arranged,, and do not have flowability because edible fungi residue is wooden, content of cellulose is high, the mixed fermentation solid-liquid ratio is than difficult degradation, the problem that has the input and output material difficulty, the red-sludge plastic top cover of use can directly be opened, and input and output material is convenient.
Described anaerobic reactor is complete underground or right cylinder semi-underground type structure, the top has the sunlight board brooder, inside is provided with the anaerobic reactor interior conduit, and by the heat supply of solar-heating device, these measures can guarantee that in the winter time feed liquid reaches more than 10 ℃ in the anaerobic reactor.
Inclined type agitator in the described anaerobic reactor mainly is near the scum silica frost the slurries can be squeezed in the fermented liquid in mixing process, prevents the scum silica frost sclerosis, plays the broken shell effect.
The facility supporting with said apparatus also comprises facilities such as preprocessing field, biogas residue and biogas liquid storage pool, natural pond liquid preparing pool and natural pond slag processing field, and these parts all are well known to those skilled in the art.
Described biogas residue and biogas liquid storage pool, natural pond liquid preparing pool are underground brick mix structure, and the biogas residue and biogas liquid storage pool is used for the storage of edible fungi residue anaerobic reactor fermentation back biogas residue and biogas liquid.Natural pond liquid preparing pool is used for biogas residue and biogas liquid after solid-liquid separation, and natural pond liquid enters natural pond liquid preparing pool, is modulated into vegetables or fruit dedicated liquid fertilizer by adding trace element.
It mainly is cement face place on the ground that described preprocessing field and natural pond slag are handled, and preprocessing field is used for the mixing stack retting pre-treatment of edible fungi residue and agricultural crop straw, plant's ight soil, and pretreated mixture material directly enters anaerobic reactor.The natural pond slag is handled the field and is mainly used in biogas residue and biogas liquid after solid-liquid separation, the drying and other treatment of natural pond slag, the natural pond dregs for producing organic fertilizer after the mummification.
The treatment unit of above-mentioned edible fungi residue recycling, size is according to how many selections of the bacterium quantity of slag that produces, and those skilled in the art can implement according to general knowledge.
The application of the treatment unit of this edible fungi residue recycling, method is as follows:
Place the anaerobic reactor combined ferment to produce biogas waste bacterial slag and maize straw or cattle farm ight soil, elder generation is with edible fungi residue and maize straw or cattle farm ight soil mixing stack retting in the method, regulate the plain decomposition rate of suitable carbon-nitrogen ratio and accelerating fibers, material adds microbiobacterial agent after entering anaerobic ferment devices, can quicken the carrying out of marsh gas fermentation processes, improve bacterium slag raw material gas producing efficiency, the anaerobic reactor top covers the red-sludge plastic top cover in the device, and be provided with the inclined type agitator, when being beneficial to bacterium slag raw material input and output material, avoided crust, device adopts semi-underground or full underground type, can utilize part ground temperature, place in the greenhouse, can absorb and utilize part sun power that material is heated, supporting in the winter time sun power, these measures can guarantee that the anaerobic reaction apparatus runs well winter.The biogas that produces is used for generating or agricultural, and the natural pond slag is made fertilizer, and natural pond liquid is deployed into fruit or vegetables are used foliage fertilizer, when handling the bacterium slag, has also obtained new forms of energy---biogas and organic fertilizer.
The utility model compared with prior art has following advantage:
1, the utility model device anaerobic reactor is right cylinder half a ground type anaerobic reactor, and the top covers red-sludge plastic, because of the bacterium slag is the characteristic of main raw material material, red-sludge plastic can be opened during this structure input and output material, and is easy to use.
2, the utility model anaerobic reaction apparatus adopts semi-underground type, the top has sunlight plane skylight brooder, inside is provided with the sun power coil pipe, these insulation intensification measures can guarantee that feed liquid reaches more than 10 ℃ in the anaerobic reactor in winter, supporting use complex micro organism fungicide in method can make non-cogeneration biogas engineering normally use winter.
3, the utility model anaerobic reaction apparatus is provided with the inclined agitator, mainly can solve bacterium slag or straw buoyant problem in anaerobic reactor, improves gas producing efficiency.
4, the utility model edible fungi residue treatment unit is simple to operate, and is easy to use, practical, can be in large-scale application.
5, the treatment unit of the utility model edible fungi residue recycling, edible fungi residue as a kind of resource, is used as the methane-generating pit fermentation raw material, when having solved the bacterium slag waste pollution problem of edible mushrooms main producing region, obtained new forms of energy-biogas, organic fertilizer-natural pond slag and natural pond liquid.
Description of drawings:
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the treatment unit-anaerobic reaction apparatus of the utility model edible fungi residue recycling;
Wherein: 1, anaerobic reactor, 2, the red-sludge plastic top cover, 3, the inclined type agitator, 4, brooder, 5, solar energy heat collector, 6, hot channel in the anaerobic reactor, 7, solar-heating pipeline, 8, the biogas escape pipe, 9, water trap, 10, methane desulfurizer, 11, accumulator unit, 12, biogas generator or household biogas kitchen range, 13, biogas residue and biogas liquid storage pool, 14, natural pond liquid preparing pool, 15, the heat collector return water pipe, 16, loop pipe, 17, ground level.
Dotted line in the accompanying drawing in the anaerobic reactor is represented fermented feed liquid; Dotted line representative between anaerobic reactor and biogas residue and biogas liquid storage pool, the natural pond liquid preparing pool does not have pipe connection, and preprocessing field, biogas residue and biogas liquid storage pool, natural pond liquid preparing pool and natural pond slag are handled the independent separately setting in field.
Embodiment:
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples the utility model is described further but is not limited only to these embodiment.Among the embodiment not in detail the explanation all by state of the art.
Embodiment 1: the device that with the corn cob is the golden mushroom slag anaerobically fermenting production biogas of main raw material
The anaerobic reaction apparatus that is used for the edible fungi residue treatment process, as shown in Figure 1, comprise anaerobic reaction apparatus, biogas water trap, methane desulfurizer, accumulator unit and biogas utilization device, it is characterized in that described anaerobic reaction apparatus comprises anaerobic reactor 1, brooder 4, solar energy heat collector 5; The anaerobic reactor top covers red-sludge plastic top cover 2, and anaerobic reactor inside is provided with hot channel 6 in inclined type agitator 3 and the anaerobic reactor, and hot channel 6 is communicated with the some loop pipes of pressing close to pool wall in the anaerobic reactor, and this loop pipe is covered with the anaerobic reactor pool wall; Anaerobic reactor 1 outside has brooder 4, solar energy heat collector 5 places outside the brooder, solar energy heat collector 5 bottoms have solar-heating pipeline 7 to link to each other with hot channel 6 in the anaerobic reactor, and hot channel 6 water sides are connected by heat collector return water pipe 15 and solar energy heat collector 5 top water inlets in the anaerobic reactor; The anaerobic reactor top has methane outlet to be communicated with biogas escape pipe 8.
The biogas escape pipe is connected with dehydration desulphurization system, methane storage device, biogas generator or household biogas kitchen range, uses for the user.
Also comprise facilities such as preprocessing field, biogas residue and biogas liquid storage pool, natural pond liquid preparing pool and natural pond slag processing field with the facility of said apparatus quota cover, these parts all term are well known to those skilled in the art.
The edible fungi residue raw material is the bacterium slag of corn cob raw material planting needle mushroom, and main nutrient composition is (being mass percent):
Corn cob raw material daily output 1t needle mushroom enterprise, can produce waste bacterial slag 500t every year, according to the fermentation period of bacterium slag, every batch of material liquid fermentation 3 months, solid content is 10-12%, and each fermentation materials is 340t, and try not to reload winter (December-March).
Concrete device is as follows:
1, the preprocessing field area is 50m 2, be used for the stack retting of fermentation materials, be of a size of length * wide 10.0m * 5.0m;
2, anaerobic reaction device is the enameling sheet structure, and hydraulic detention time is 120d, and reactor volume is 190m 3, 2 anaerobic reactors are arranged, cubic capacity 380m 3
3, calculating 90d anaerobic reactor 2/3 biogas residue and biogas liquid feed liquid according to routine is 240m 3, biogas residue and biogas liquid storage pool volume is 260m 3, material is that brick mixes, and is of a size of length * wide * height=13.0m * 5.0m * 4.0m;
4, calculate 260m according to routine 3Biogas residue and biogas liquid natural pond liquid measure after solid-liquid separating machine separates is 200m 3, natural pond liquid preparing pool is 210m 3, brick mix structure is of a size of length * wide * height=7.0m * 3.0m * 10.0m;
5, natural pond slag processing field is 100m 2, be of a size of length * wide=10.0m * 10.0m.
Concrete grammar is as follows:
(1) takes out edible fungi residues, the edible fungi residue enclosed mass is pulverized, make the bacterium slag be loose shape, place preprocessing field with pulverizer; This moment, water ratio was 60%;
(2) edible fungi residues is added water and mix, the limit adds the waterside and stirs, and making final water ratio is 70%;
(3) with bacterium slag muck growth 2-2.7m, wide 1.5-2m, high 1.2-1.6m.Jack in the middle of the stockpile.With the thin cloth covering carrying out of plastics stack retting, jack is so that air admission in the middle of the plastic cloth.The stack retting time is 5-6 days summer, 7-8 days winter, 6-7 days season in spring and autumn.
(4) the bacterium slag fermentation raw material behind the stack retting is dropped in 2 anaerobic reactors, each adds 30m 3Inoculum, add water to that feed liquid is 180m in each anaerobic reactor 3, and adjusting pH value is 7.2-7.5;
(5) each anaerobic reactor adds complex micro organism fungicide 20kg, stirs, and capping gets final product.Complex micro organism fungicide is that Shandong Jin Mao biological products limited liability company produces the microbiobacterial agent of selling (1kg dress).
The mushroom farming of corn cob raw material planting needle mushroom, every family can build 10m 3Household methane tank, annual charging gets final product for 2 times.
Concrete device is as follows:
1, anaerobic reaction device is the enameling sheet structure, and reactor volume is 10m 3
2, opening for feed connects the lavatory, and lavatory excrement dirt directly enters methane-generating pit, can regulate carbon-nitrogen ratio, improves gas production rate simultaneously.
3, need not preprocessing field, biogas residue and biogas liquid storage pool, natural pond liquid preparing pool and natural pond slag and handle the field, the biogas residue and biogas liquid peasant household of generation directly applies the farmland and makes fertilizer;
Concrete grammar is as follows:
(1) takes out edible fungi residues, the edible fungi residue enclosed mass is pulverized, make the bacterium slag be loose shape, place in the institute with pulverizer; This moment, water ratio was 60%;
(2) edible fungi residues is added water and mix, the limit adds the waterside and stirs, and making final water ratio is 70%;
(3) with bacterium slag muck growth 1.0-1.2m, wide 1.5-2m, high 1.0-1.2m.Jack in the middle of the stockpile.With the thin cloth covering carrying out of plastics stack retting, jack is so that air admission in the middle of the plastic cloth.The stack retting time is 5-6 days summer, 7-8 days winter, 6-7 days season in spring and autumn.
(4) the bacterium slag fermentation raw material behind the stack retting is dropped in the methane-generating pit, add 1.5m 3Inoculum, add water to methane-generating pit volume 70%, and to regulate the pH value be 7.2-7.5;
(5) add complex micro organism fungicide 1kg, stir, capping gets final product.Complex micro organism fungicide is that Shandong Jin Mao biological products limited liability company produces the microbiobacterial agent of selling (1kg dress).

Claims (3)

1. the treatment unit of an edible fungi residue recycling, comprise anaerobic reaction apparatus, methane desulfurizer, accumulator unit and biogas utilization device, it is characterized in that described anaerobic reaction apparatus comprises anaerobic reactor, brooder, solar energy heat collector; The anaerobic reactor top covers the red-sludge plastic top cover, and anaerobic reactor inside is provided with inclined type agitator and interior hot channel, and interior hot channel is communicated with the some loop pipes of pressing close to pool wall, and this loop pipe is covered with the anaerobic reactor pool wall; The anaerobic reactor outside has brooder, solar energy heat collector places outside the brooder, the solar energy heat collector bottom has the solar-heating pipeline to link to each other with hot channel feed-water end in the anaerobic reactor, and the hot channel water side is connected by return water pipe and solar energy heat collector top water inlet in the anaerobic reactor; The anaerobic reactor top has methane outlet to be communicated with the biogas escape pipe.
2. the treatment unit of a kind of edible fungi residue recycling as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that hot channel is the water medium heat-transfer pipe in described solar-heating pipeline and the anaerobic reactor.
3. the treatment unit of a kind of edible fungi residue recycling as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that described anaerobic reactor is complete underground or right cylinder semi-underground type enameling sheet structure.
CN2011200082592U 2011-01-12 2011-01-12 Edible fungus dreg recycling treatment device Expired - Lifetime CN202017008U (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102174586A (en) * 2011-01-12 2011-09-07 山东省农业科学院农业资源与环境研究所 Method and device for recycling edible mushroom residues
CN103923818A (en) * 2013-01-10 2014-07-16 张启富 Shaking methane tank
CN104311180A (en) * 2014-10-23 2015-01-28 泗县孙苏生态农业科技有限公司 Organic fertilizer production equipment with bacterial spore separation device

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102174586A (en) * 2011-01-12 2011-09-07 山东省农业科学院农业资源与环境研究所 Method and device for recycling edible mushroom residues
CN102174586B (en) * 2011-01-12 2013-07-03 山东省农业科学院农业资源与环境研究所 Method and device for recycling edible mushroom residues
CN103923818A (en) * 2013-01-10 2014-07-16 张启富 Shaking methane tank
CN104311180A (en) * 2014-10-23 2015-01-28 泗县孙苏生态农业科技有限公司 Organic fertilizer production equipment with bacterial spore separation device

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