CN201997970U - Pneumatic clamping type numerical control module - Google Patents

Pneumatic clamping type numerical control module Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201997970U
CN201997970U CN2011200400595U CN201120040059U CN201997970U CN 201997970 U CN201997970 U CN 201997970U CN 2011200400595 U CN2011200400595 U CN 2011200400595U CN 201120040059 U CN201120040059 U CN 201120040059U CN 201997970 U CN201997970 U CN 201997970U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
support
control module
numerical control
key
piston
Prior art date
Application number
CN2011200400595U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
余胜东
Original Assignee
余胜东
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Priority to CN2011200400595U priority Critical patent/CN201997970U/en
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Publication of CN201997970U publication Critical patent/CN201997970U/en

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Abstract

The utility model relates to a tooling module for mechanical manufacture, in particular to a precise tooling module, which can clamp a workpiece and do revolution motion. A pneumatic clamping type numerical control module comprises a support, a left end cover, a right end cover, a clamping cover, a clamping head, a driving shaft and a piston, wherein the left end cover and the right end cover are fixedly connected with the support, the clamping cover is movably connected onto the support through a bearing, the clamping head is arranged in the clamping cover, the driving shaft is fixedly connected onto the claming head, and the piston is movably connected onto the driving shaft, the shape of a second slide ring of the piston is matched with the shape of the fluid cavity on the support, a fluid inlet/outlet is arranged on the support, and is connected to the fluid cavity, the piston is driven by fluid to slide in the support, a first guide slot is formed on the driving shaft along the axial direction, the first guide slot is internally provided with a key, the shape of the key is matched with the shape of the first guide slot, a second slide slot matched with the key is formed on the clamping head, and the driving shaft is fixedly connected with a motor through a coupler.

Description

Pneumatic clamping numerical control module

Technical field

The utility model relates to a kind of frock module that is used for machine-building, especially for realizing the clamping of workpiece and doing the accurate digital control module of gyration.

Background technology

In the existing machine tool anchor clamps, for the less optical axis class part of diameter, generally all be to adopt collet to clamp, the endoporus of collet is installed workpiece, and has several grooves, can make collet radially produce the micro-deformation clamping work pieces; The male cone (strobilus masculinus) of collet cooperates with the inner conical surface of chuck, chuck be fixed on the main shaft or the fixed structure of lathe on, the inner of collet is connected with pull bar, utilize the pulling of pull bar, make the relative chuck of collet produce axially-movable, because the effect of the male cone (strobilus masculinus) of collet and the inner conical surface of chuck makes collet contraction clip clamping of workpieces.Existing above-mentioned anchor clamps generally are used for revolution processing, and the employing clamp mechanism combines with rotary motion mechanism.Pull bar relies on the operator manually to strain, and makes the relative chuck of collet produce axially-movable, thereby chuck is shunk and clamping work pieces.The pull bar operation is wasted time and energy, and makes production efficiency low, can not satisfy intense market competition day by day.

In actual processing, often run into some workpiece requirements and in the once mounting of anchor clamps, process one group of surface, and this group surface distributes by certain angle.Like this, just require these anchor clamps to add at following part and can carry out calibration in the fourth process, promptly workpiece whenever processes after the surface in clamping, turns over certain angle by the moving part on the anchor clamps together with workpiece, to change the position of finished surface.

The utility model content

The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of frock module, can automatically realize clamping and revolution to workpiece, the utility model compact conformation, clamp mechanism and slew gear have been realized organically combination, are realizing that can drive workpiece to workpiece after stable the clamping does precision rotating.

A kind of Pneumatic clamping numerical control module, comprise support, the left end cap and the right end cap that are connected with support, be connected to chuck on the described support versatilely by bearing, described chuck inside is provided with chuck, be fixedly connected to the driving shaft on the described chuck, be connected with piston on the described driving shaft versatilely, the profile of second slip ring of described piston and the fluid cavity on the described support are complementary, described support is provided with stream socket, and be connected to fluid cavity, driving described piston by fluid slides at described internal stent, have first gathering sill in axial direction on the described driving shaft, be provided with the key that profile is complementary with it in the described first gathering sill inside, have second sliding tray that is complementary with described key on the described chuck, described driving shaft is realized being connected by shaft coupling and motor.

Preferably, described left end cap is provided with lug, and described lug cylindrical and described fluid cavity are complementary, and the interior circle of described lug and first slip ring on the described piston are complementary.

Preferably, described internal stent is provided with interior ring, and described interior ring extends to its central axial direction from the matrix of described support, and is complementary with described the 3rd slip ring.

Preferably, described key is an A type key, and greater than described key length, the cooperation of described key and described first sliding tray is interference fits or interference fit to described second sliding tray along the length of axis direction, and the cooperation of described key and described second sliding tray is a matched in clearance.

Preferably, the end positions place on the described piston axis direction is provided with two clutch shaft bearings, and described clutch shaft bearing places in the endoporus of described piston, and withstands on the shaft shoulder of described driving shaft and the described left end cap and axial restraint.

Preferably, the inside of described chuck is provided with internal thread, and the right part of described driving shaft is provided with the external screw thread that is complementary with described internal thread.

Preferably, described motor and support are fixed on the base, described base is the cast iron casting moulding, its mechanism comprises and is used for realizing first connecting plate that flange form is connected with motor, realize second connecting plate that flange form is connected with support, described second connecting plate is provided with U type hole, is provided with reinforcement in the bottom of described first connecting plate and second connecting plate.

The beneficial effects of the utility model are:

By in described import and export, injecting or the eliminating fluid, can drive described piston and drive driving shaft and move along axis direction together by piston, the right part of described driving shaft drives chuck by being threaded and axially moves, the male cone (strobilus masculinus) of described chuck and the inner conical surface of described chuck are complementary, described chuck is provided with some seams, and realizes clamping or unclamping.

Described driving shaft is realized being connected by shaft coupling and motor, and the workpiece that chuck is held obtains accurate rotational angle.Servomotor is mainly located by pulse, basically can understand like this, servomotor receives 1 pulse, will rotate the angle of 1 pulse correspondence, thereby realizes displacement, because, servomotor itself possesses the function of the pulse of sending, thus angle of the every rotation of servomotor, the pulse that all can send respective amount, like this, the pulse shaping of accepting with servomotor concord, perhaps be closed loop, thus, system will know that having sent out how many pulses gives servomotor, simultaneously received how many pulses again and has returned, like this, rotation that just can very accurate control motor, thereby the realization accurate localization can reach 0.001mm.

Description of drawings

Fig. 1 is the outside general structure schematic diagram under the assembled state of the utility model Pneumatic clamping numerical control module;

Fig. 2 is the complete section structural representation of the utility model Pneumatic clamping numerical control module;

Fig. 3 is the driving shaft on the utility model Pneumatic clamping numerical control module and the assembly structure schematic diagram of key;

Fig. 4 is the structural representation of the collet on the utility model Pneumatic clamping numerical control module;

Fig. 5 is the structural representation of the base on the utility model Pneumatic clamping numerical control module.

The specific embodiment

Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing the utility model is described in further detail, but does not constitute any restriction of the present utility model.

Fig. 1 is the outside general structure schematic diagram under the assembled state of the utility model Pneumatic clamping numerical control module, Fig. 2 is the complete section structural representation of the utility model Pneumatic clamping numerical control module, and Fig. 5 is the structural representation of the base on the utility model Pneumatic clamping numerical control module.A kind of Pneumatic clamping numerical control module, comprise support 10, the left end cap 20 and the right end cap 30 that are connected with support 10, be connected to chuck 40 on the described support 10 versatilely by bearing 41, described chuck 40 inside are provided with chuck 50, be fixedly connected to the driving shaft 70 on the described chuck 50, be connected with piston 60 versatilely on the described driving shaft 70, the profile of second slip ring 65 of described piston 60 and the fluid cavity 15 on the described support are complementary, described support 10 is provided with stream socket 14, and be connected to fluid cavity 15, drive described piston 60 in described support 10 slides within by fluid.

Fig. 3 is the driving shaft on the utility model Pneumatic clamping numerical control module and the assembly structure schematic diagram of key, have first gathering sill 72 in axial direction on the described driving shaft 70, be provided with the key 71 that profile is complementary with it in described first gathering sill 72 inside, have second sliding tray 42 that is complementary with described key 71 on the described chuck 40, described driving shaft 70 is realized being connected by shaft coupling 81 and motor 80.

More specifically, described left end cap 20 is provided with lug 21, and described lug 21 cylindricals and described fluid cavity 15 are complementary, and first slip ring 62 on the interior circle of described lug 21 and the described piston 60 is complementary.

More specifically, described support 10 inside are provided with interior ring 17, and described interior ring 17 extends to its central axial direction from the matrix of described support 10, and is complementary with described the 3rd slip ring 63.

More specifically, described key 71 is an A type key, and described second sliding tray 42 is along the length of the axis direction length greater than described key 71.The cooperation of described key 71 and described first sliding tray 72 is interference fits or interference fit.The cooperation of described key 71 and described second sliding tray 72 is a matched in clearance.

More specifically, the end positions place on described piston 70 axis directions is provided with two clutch shaft bearings 61, and described clutch shaft bearing 61 places in the endoporus of described piston 60, and withstands on the shaft shoulder of described driving shaft 70 and the described left end cap 20 and axial restraint.

More specifically, the inside of described chuck 50 is provided with internal thread 51, and the right part 30 of described driving shaft 70 is provided with the external screw thread 74 that is complementary with described internal thread 51.

More specifically, described motor 80 and support 10 are fixed on the base 90, described base 90 is the cast iron casting moulding, its mechanism comprises and is used for realizing first connecting plate 92 that flange form is connected with motor 80, realize second connecting plate 91 that flange form is connected with support 10, described second connecting plate 91 is provided with U type hole 93, is provided with reinforcement 94 in the bottom of described first connecting plate 92 and second connecting plate 91.

Below in conjunction with structure of the present utility model, the course of work of the present utility model and operation principle are described once:

Fig. 4 is the structural representation of the collet on the utility model Pneumatic clamping numerical control module, and the male cone (strobilus masculinus) 54 of described chuck 50 and the inner conical surface 43 of described chuck 40 are complementary, and described chuck 50 is provided with some seams 53, and workpiece places cavity volume 52.

By injecting or get rid of fluid for 14 li toward described import and export, can drive described piston 60 and drive driving shaft 70 and move along axis direction together by piston 60, the right part of described driving shaft drives chuck 50 by being threaded and axially moves, and realizes clamping or unclamping.

At last, should be pointed out that above embodiment only is the more representational example of the utility model.Obviously, the utility model is not limited to the foregoing description, and many distortion can also be arranged.Every foundation technical spirit of the present utility model all should be thought to belong to protection domain of the present utility model to any simple modification, equivalent variations and modification that above embodiment did.

Claims (8)

1. Pneumatic clamping numerical control module, comprise support, the left end cap and the right end cap that are connected with support, be connected to chuck on the described support versatilely by bearing, described chuck inside is provided with chuck, it is characterized in that, also comprise: be fixedly connected to the driving shaft on the described chuck, be connected with piston on the described driving shaft versatilely, the profile of second slip ring of described piston and the fluid cavity on the described support are complementary, described support is provided with stream socket, and be connected to fluid cavity, driving described piston by fluid slides at described internal stent, have first gathering sill in axial direction on the described driving shaft, be provided with the key that profile is complementary with it in the described first gathering sill inside, have second sliding tray that is complementary with described key on the described chuck.
2. Pneumatic clamping numerical control module according to claim 1 is characterized in that described left end cap is provided with lug, and described lug cylindrical and described fluid cavity are complementary, and the interior circle of described lug and first slip ring on the described piston are complementary.
3. Pneumatic clamping numerical control module according to claim 1 is characterized in that described internal stent is provided with interior ring, and described interior ring extends to its central axial direction from the matrix of described support, and is complementary with described the 3rd slip ring.
4. Pneumatic clamping numerical control module according to claim 1 is characterized in that, described key is an A type key, described second sliding tray along the length of axis direction greater than described key length.
5. Pneumatic clamping numerical control module according to claim 1 is characterized in that the cooperation of described key and described first sliding tray is interference fits or interference fit, and the cooperation of described key and described second sliding tray is a matched in clearance.
6. Pneumatic clamping numerical control module according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, end positions place on the described piston axis direction is provided with two clutch shaft bearings, described clutch shaft bearing places in the endoporus of described piston, and withstands on the shaft shoulder of described driving shaft and the described left end cap and axial restraint.
7. Pneumatic clamping numerical control module according to claim 1 is characterized in that the inside of described chuck is provided with internal thread, and the right part of described driving shaft is provided with the external screw thread that is complementary with described internal thread.
8. Pneumatic clamping numerical control module according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described motor and support are fixed on the base, described base is the cast iron casting moulding, its mechanism comprises and is used for realizing first connecting plate that flange form is connected with motor, realize second connecting plate that flange form is connected with support, described second connecting plate is provided with U type hole, is provided with reinforcement in the bottom of described first connecting plate and second connecting plate.
CN2011200400595U 2011-02-16 2011-02-16 Pneumatic clamping type numerical control module CN201997970U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011200400595U CN201997970U (en) 2011-02-16 2011-02-16 Pneumatic clamping type numerical control module

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CN201997970U true CN201997970U (en) 2011-10-05

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Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102632417A (en) * 2012-03-23 2012-08-15 施亨庆 Automatic clamping device
CN103949685A (en) * 2014-04-18 2014-07-30 河源富马硬质合金股份有限公司 Rotating clamping device
CN103949897A (en) * 2014-04-18 2014-07-30 河源富马硬质合金股份有限公司 Double-work position hydraulic clamping rotating table
WO2014153925A1 (en) * 2013-03-29 2014-10-02 Shuai Jiayuan Rotary cutting machine
CN104493520A (en) * 2014-11-28 2015-04-08 无锡培基机械有限公司 High precision thin film clamp head module structure
CN104827321A (en) * 2015-04-10 2015-08-12 嘉兴川页奇精密自动化机电有限公司 High-precision two-part flat chuck device
CN105382744A (en) * 2015-11-30 2016-03-09 沈阳飞机工业(集团)有限公司 Pneumatic positioning clamping mechanism for aircraft assembly tool
CN105750384A (en) * 2016-05-16 2016-07-13 安徽德系重工科技有限公司 Improved inner-pushing type clamping device for numerical control tube bending machine
CN106826551A (en) * 2016-12-11 2017-06-13 安徽海拓志永智能装备股份有限公司 Milling robot cartridge device is automated suitable for inner container of electric cooker
CN107355482A (en) * 2016-05-09 2017-11-17 邱菩宣 Index the coupling body of rotating device

Cited By (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102632417B (en) * 2012-03-23 2016-02-24 施亨庆 A kind of automatic clamping device
CN102632417A (en) * 2012-03-23 2012-08-15 施亨庆 Automatic clamping device
WO2014153925A1 (en) * 2013-03-29 2014-10-02 Shuai Jiayuan Rotary cutting machine
CN103949897A (en) * 2014-04-18 2014-07-30 河源富马硬质合金股份有限公司 Double-work position hydraulic clamping rotating table
CN103949897B (en) * 2014-04-18 2017-01-11 河源富马硬质合金股份有限公司 Double-work position hydraulic clamping rotating table
CN103949685A (en) * 2014-04-18 2014-07-30 河源富马硬质合金股份有限公司 Rotating clamping device
CN104493520A (en) * 2014-11-28 2015-04-08 无锡培基机械有限公司 High precision thin film clamp head module structure
CN104493520B (en) * 2014-11-28 2016-08-17 无锡培基机械有限公司 A kind of high accuracy film-clamp head modular structure
CN104827321A (en) * 2015-04-10 2015-08-12 嘉兴川页奇精密自动化机电有限公司 High-precision two-part flat chuck device
CN104827321B (en) * 2015-04-10 2017-03-08 嘉兴川页奇精密自动化机电有限公司 A kind of flat cartridge device of two lobes of high accuracy
CN105382744A (en) * 2015-11-30 2016-03-09 沈阳飞机工业(集团)有限公司 Pneumatic positioning clamping mechanism for aircraft assembly tool
CN107355482A (en) * 2016-05-09 2017-11-17 邱菩宣 Index the coupling body of rotating device
CN105750384A (en) * 2016-05-16 2016-07-13 安徽德系重工科技有限公司 Improved inner-pushing type clamping device for numerical control tube bending machine
CN106826551A (en) * 2016-12-11 2017-06-13 安徽海拓志永智能装备股份有限公司 Milling robot cartridge device is automated suitable for inner container of electric cooker

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GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20111005

Termination date: 20140216

C17 Cessation of patent right