CN201994723U - 智能电网的实时无线通信监测显示终端装置 - Google Patents

智能电网的实时无线通信监测显示终端装置 Download PDF

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CN201994723U
CN201994723U CN201120037531XU CN201120037531U CN201994723U CN 201994723 U CN201994723 U CN 201994723U CN 201120037531X U CN201120037531X U CN 201120037531XU CN 201120037531 U CN201120037531 U CN 201120037531U CN 201994723 U CN201994723 U CN 201994723U
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power supply
wireless communication
contact
unit
supply contact
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王升
李宏
吴涛
余华兴
陈歆
朱彬
陈宾
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State Grid Corp of China SGCC
Chongqing City Power Supply Co of State Grid Chongqing Electric Power Co Ltd
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YANGJIAPING POWER SUPPLY BUREAU OF CHONGQING ELECTRIC POWER CORP
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E60/00Enabling technologies; Technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02E60/7853
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y04INFORMATION OR COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES HAVING AN IMPACT ON OTHER TECHNOLOGY AREAS
    • Y04SSYSTEMS INTEGRATING TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO POWER NETWORK OPERATION, COMMUNICATION OR INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES FOR IMPROVING THE ELECTRICAL POWER GENERATION, TRANSMISSION, DISTRIBUTION, MANAGEMENT OR USAGE, i.e. SMART GRIDS
    • Y04S10/00Systems supporting electrical power generation, transmission or distribution
    • Y04S10/40Display of information, e.g. of data or controls
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y04INFORMATION OR COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES HAVING AN IMPACT ON OTHER TECHNOLOGY AREAS
    • Y04SSYSTEMS INTEGRATING TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO POWER NETWORK OPERATION, COMMUNICATION OR INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES FOR IMPROVING THE ELECTRICAL POWER GENERATION, TRANSMISSION, DISTRIBUTION, MANAGEMENT OR USAGE, i.e. SMART GRIDS
    • Y04S40/00Systems for electrical power generation, transmission, distribution or end-user application management characterised by the use of communication or information technologies, or communication or information technology specific aspects supporting them
    • Y04S40/12Systems for electrical power generation, transmission, distribution or end-user application management characterised by the use of communication or information technologies, or communication or information technology specific aspects supporting them characterised by data transport means between the monitoring, controlling or managing units and monitored, controlled or operated electrical equipment
    • Y04S40/126Systems for electrical power generation, transmission, distribution or end-user application management characterised by the use of communication or information technologies, or communication or information technology specific aspects supporting them characterised by data transport means between the monitoring, controlling or managing units and monitored, controlled or operated electrical equipment using wireless data transmission

Abstract

智能电网的实时无线通信监测显示终端装置涉及电气工程技术。其电池单元(5)的电源输出接点连接能量模块(6)输入电源接点,能量模块(6)的无线通信输出电源接点连接无线通信单元(3)的输入电源接点、控制器模块的输出电源接点连接单片机模块(2)的输入电源接点、存储器单元的输出电源接点连接存储器单元(4)的输入电源接点;单片机模块(2)的无线通信数据接点与无线通信单元(3)输入数据接点相连、显示单元的数据接点与显示单元(7)输入数据接点相连、存储器单元数据接点与存储器单元(4)输入数据接点相连。按照ZigBee无线通信标准进行通信,显示和储存每天不同时段电力的使用和电费外,提醒用户缴费、检修停电的信息,以及供电企业下达的阶梯电费费率等特点。

Description

智能电网的实时无线通信监测显示终端装置
技术领域
[0001] 本实用新型属于电气工程技术领域,具体涉及一种用于智能电网的实时无线通信监测显示终端装置。
背景技术
[0002] 智能电网,即电网智能化,也被称为“电网2.0”,是建立在集成的、高速双向通信网络的基础上,通过先进的传感和测量技术、先进的设备技术、先进的控制方法以及先进的决策支持系统技术的应用,实现电网的可靠、安全、经济、高效、环境友好的使用安全的目标, 电网能够实现这些目标,就可以称其为智能电网。如何将智能电网的信息化、数字化、自动化和互动化特征应用到需求侧(如智能小区)的电网建设中,是我们面临的一个重要问题。 智能电网信息技术的应用,首先是需要有稳定可靠的数据链路的传输技术来保证各点测试数据的获取和控制信息的可靠到达。具有低功耗、抗干扰能力强、传输距离远的ZigBee技术正是这种数据传输的保证。ZigBee是一组基于IEEE批准通过的802. 15. 4无线标准研制开发的,有关组网、安全和应用软件方面的技术标准。
[0003] 全世界智能电网项目的全面启动是在2009年才提上日程,由于我国对智能电网建设的侧重点在高压输电网部分,而实时无线监测显示终端属于中低压配电网,即需求侧部分,所以起步相对较晚。智能电网概念在需求侧(即终端用户)的实现,必须要有智能电表系统以及与之配套的监测、显示系统等基础部分,所以智能电表及其显示终端是需求侧电网智能化的第一步。而参数量测试技术获得数据并将其转换成数据信息,以供智能电网的各个方面使用。用来评估电网设备的健康状况和电网的完整性,进行表计的读取、消除电费估计以及防止窃电、缓减电网阻塞以及与用户的沟通。未来的智能电网将取消所有的电磁表计及其读取系统,取而代之的将是可以使供电企业与用户进行双向通信的智能电表及其家用终端。目前,智能电表已陆续开发、研制并试用在各个智能小区中,但智能电网家用终端的研究开发只处于起步阶段。所以,广大供电企业急需一种能实时显示、无线传输、友好互动的智能终端的出现。以适应需求侧(如智能小区)的电网建设需要,除了可以显示每天不同时段电力的使用和电费外,还可以储存供电企业下达的阶梯电费费率,并通知用户及时缴费、检修停电等各种有效信息。
发明内容
[0004] 实用新型的目的在于提供一种用于智能电网的实时无线通信监测显示终端装置, 它具备基于无线通信标准“ZigBee”的收发功能,它可与的智能电表无线通信,显示并向用户传达实时用电情况,缴费、停电通知等信息。可以让用户清楚地知道自己每时每刻的用电量,一方面可以增强用电消费的透明度和用户节约用电意识,另一方面可以方便供电企业对用户进行信息、通知的发布。
[0005] 本实用新型所采用的技术方案是:智能电网实时无线通信监测显示终端器包括单片机模块、无线通信单元、存储器单元、电池单元、能量模块、显示单元;带有无线通信功能的智能电表,其电池单元的电源输出接点连接能量模块输入电源接点,能量模块的无线通信输出电源接点连接无线通信单元的输入电源接点、控制器模块的输出电源接点连接单片机模块的输入电源接点、存储器单元的输出电源接点连接存储器单元的输入电源接点;单片机模块的无线通信数据接点与无线通信单元输入数据接点相连、显示单元的数据接点与显示单元输入数据接点相连、存储器单元数据接点与存储器单元输入数据接点相连。
[0006] 本实用新型按照ZigBee无线通信标准进行通信,显示和储存每天不同时段电力的使用和电费外,提醒用户缴费、检修停电的信息,以及供电企业下达的阶梯电费费率等特点ο
附图说明
[0007] 下面结合附图进一步说明本实用新型。
[0008] 附图是本实用新型电路连接示意图。
[0009] 图中:1-智能电网实时无线通信监测显示终端器2-单片机模块 3-无线通信单元 4-存储器单元 5-电池单元 6-能量模块 7-显示单元 8-带有无线通信功能的智能电表。
具体实施方式
[0010] 下面结合附图和实施例对本实用新型作进一步说的明。
[0011] 如附图所示,智能电网实时无线通信监测显示终端器1包括单片机模块2、无线通信单元3、存储器单元4、电池单元5、能量模块6、显示单元7 ;带有无线通信功能的智能电表8,其电池单元5的电源输出接点连接能量模块6输入电源接点,能量模块6的无线通信输出电源接点连接无线通信单元3的输入电源接点、控制器模块的输出电源接点连接单片机模块2的输入电源接点、存储器单元的输出电源接点连接存储器单元4的输入电源接点; 单片机模块2的无线通信数据接点与无线通信单元3输入数据接点相连、显示单元的数据接点与显示单元7输入数据接点相连、存储器单元数据接点与存储器单元4输入数据接点相连。
[0012] 电池单元5与能量模块6的电源接点相连;能量模块6与无线通信单元3、单片机模块2、存储器单元4的电源接点相连,分别对这几部分进行供电。
[0013] 单片机模块2的数据接点与无线通信单元3的数据接点相连,进行数据交换与校验;无线通信单元3与带有无线通信功能的智能电表8按照某种无线通信标准(如ZigBee) 进行通信,将带有无线通信功能的智能电表的实时用电情况,缴费、停电通知等信息记录传至单片机模块2。
[0014] 单片机模块2的数据接点与显示单元7的数据接点相连,显示每天不同时段电力的使用和电费外,提醒用户缴费、检修停电的信息。
[0015] 单片机模块2的数据接点与存储器单元4的数据接点相连,可以储存每天不同时段电力的使用和费用,用户缴费提醒、检修停电的信息以及供电企业下达的阶梯电费费率寸。
[0016] 单片机模块2采用ATMEL公司的ATmegaUS芯片,实现双路RS485通讯、数据处理、脉冲记录存取,显示状态控制等。ATmegal^是ATMEL公司的一款基于AVR内核的8位
4RISC结构高速低功耗单片机,在16M时钟频率时系统性能可达16MIPS,内带12¾的Flash、 4k的EEPR0M、4k系统SRAM ;可扩展64k外部存储器;两路UART通讯口,有53个可编程I/O 口 ;ATmegaUS单片机通过RS 232直接对图像进行解码然后发送到LED显示单元7上进行显不。
[0017] 无线通信单元3采用基于ZigBee标准和德州TI公司的CCM30芯片进行设计,可集成PCB陶瓷天线和SMA插座外接天线,有多个I/O和A/D接口。
[0018] 存储器单元4采用HM62256芯片进行扩展。
[0019] 电池单元5采用普通的5号干电池或可充电电池2节。
[0020] 能量模块6采用MAX691CWE芯片来进行电源管理,在系统有辅助供电的情况下保证主电源供电,当主电源掉电时则自动切换到后备电池供电方式。同时此芯片还兼有看门狗功能,在系统死机的极端情况下及时复位CPU使系统快速恢复至受控状态。
[0021] 显示单元7采用DSU864型号的12864点阵液晶屏,并带有国家标准二级汉字库控制器ST7920,供电电压3V。
5

Claims (1)

1. 一种智能电网的实时无线通信监测显示终端装置,智能电网实时无线通信监测显示终端器(1)包括单片机模块(2)、无线通信单元(3)、存储器单元(4)、电池单元(5)、能量模块(6)、显示单元(7);带有无线通信功能的智能电表(8),其特征在于:电池单元(5)的电源输出接点连接能量模块(6)输入电源接点,能量模块(6)的无线通信输出电源接点连接无线通信单元(3)的输入电源接点、控制器模块的输出电源接点连接单片机模块(2)的输入电源接点、存储器单元的输出电源接点连接存储器单元(4)的输入电源接点;单片机模块 (2)的无线通信数据接点与无线通信单元(3)输入数据接点相连、显示单元的数据接点与显示单元(7)输入数据接点相连、存储器单元数据接点与存储器单元(4)输入数据接点相连。
CN201120037531XU 2011-02-14 2011-02-14 智能电网的实时无线通信监测显示终端装置 Expired - Fee Related CN201994723U (zh)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103427491A (zh) * 2013-08-30 2013-12-04 国家电网公司 智能电网数据自动采集监测系统
CN104505946A (zh) * 2014-12-31 2015-04-08 宁波三博电子科技有限公司 一种微网之间的无线电通讯控制系统

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103427491A (zh) * 2013-08-30 2013-12-04 国家电网公司 智能电网数据自动采集监测系统
CN104505946A (zh) * 2014-12-31 2015-04-08 宁波三博电子科技有限公司 一种微网之间的无线电通讯控制系统

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Patentee before: Chongqing Power Company Yangjiaping Power Supply Bureau

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20110928

Termination date: 20200214