CN201976709U - Edible-fungus drying equipment - Google Patents

Edible-fungus drying equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201976709U
CN201976709U CN2010206828713U CN201020682871U CN201976709U CN 201976709 U CN201976709 U CN 201976709U CN 2010206828713 U CN2010206828713 U CN 2010206828713U CN 201020682871 U CN201020682871 U CN 201020682871U CN 201976709 U CN201976709 U CN 201976709U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
gas channel
gas
air
drying
chamber
Prior art date
Application number
CN2010206828713U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
真强寿
丁应永
Original Assignee
邵武市九亮工贸有限公司
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Publication date
Application filed by 邵武市九亮工贸有限公司 filed Critical 邵武市九亮工贸有限公司
Priority to CN2010206828713U priority Critical patent/CN201976709U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN201976709U publication Critical patent/CN201976709U/en

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/80Food processing, e.g. use of renewable energies or variable speed drives in handling, conveying or stacking
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/80Food processing, e.g. use of renewable energies or variable speed drives in handling, conveying or stacking
    • Y02P60/85Food storage or conservation, e.g. cooling or drying

Abstract

The utility model discloses edible-fungus drying equipment, which comprises a heat-pump set, a gas-flow channel, a heating chamber, a drying chamber, a dehumidifying chamber and a gas-flow circulating device, wherein the heating chamber is used for heating a gas flow, the drying chamber is used for drying edible fungi and the like, the dehumidifying chamber is used for removing air moisture, and the gas-flow circulating device is used for driving the gas in the gas-flow channel to flow; the gas-flow channel sequentially penetrates through the heating chamber, the drying chamber and the dehumidifying chamber along a gas-flow direction, the gas-flow channel positioned in the heating chamber is a heating gas-flow channel, the gas-flow channel positioned in the drying chamber is a drying gas-flow channel, the gas-flow channel positioned in the dehumidifying chamber is a dehumidifying gas-flow channel, and the heating gas-flow channel, the drying gas-flow channel and the dehumidifying gas-flow channel are communicated end to end to form a circulating gas-flow channel; the drying equipment is provided with a wind opening for communicating the outside and the gas-flow channel, and the drying chamber is provided with a baking-house door for the edible fungi to get in and out; and the heat-pump set comprises a compressor, an evaporator and a condenser, wherein the evaporator is positioned in a heating and dehumidifying channel, and the condenser is positioned in the heating gas-flow channel.

Description

Edible fungus drying equipment
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of drying plant, relates in particular to a kind of edible fungus drying equipment.
Background technology
Existing edible fungus drying equipment heat-supplying mode is to carry out heat exchange by fuel combustion, then the heat oven dry edible mushroom that produces with burning.
But when burning discharged a large amount of carbon dioxide, sulfur dioxide and greater than 160 ℃ used heat, the thermal efficiency is low and environmental pollution is serious.
At present, the temperature of control in the barn is that the oxygen feeding amount during by the control fuel combustion is realized, because burning is the process that can not in time regulate and control, it is untimely to heat up, the inertia constant temperature that has surplus heat during because of fuel combustion when barn is wanted constant temperature is incessantly permanent, temperature control is inaccurate, fluctuation is big, and edible mushroom oven dry thing is caused very big quality problems, has reduced the product quality grade.In the existing barn technology, a large amount of damp-heat airs directly is discharged in the atmosphere during baking, and global warming is also had certain influence.Simultaneously, add firewood or coal burning in large quantities in order to guarantee the temperature in the barn, wasted a large amount of can not cycle energy.Need to add fuel because of burning in the existing barn technology, the cleaning cinder wants the omnidistance meeting of professional on duty, needs frequent position of transferring the dry thing of edible mushroom, and labour intensity is big.Heating equipment greatly reduces the service life of equipment because of the inevitable high-temperature oxydation that burns.
The utility model content
The technical problem that the utility model mainly solves provides a kind of good drying effect, the edible fungus drying equipment of energy-conserving and environment-protective.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the technical scheme that the utility model adopts is: a kind of edible fungus drying equipment is provided, and described edible fungus drying equipment comprises drying chamber such as the heating clamber, oven dry edible mushroom of source pump, gas channel, heated air stream, remove removing moist chamber, driving the air current circulation of gas flow in the gas channel of air moisture;
Described gas channel runs through heating clamber, drying chamber successively and removes moist chamber by airflow direction, the gas channel that is arranged in heating clamber is the heated air stream passage, the gas channel that is arranged in drying chamber is the oven dry gas channel, be arranged in the gas channel that removes moist chamber and be the dehumidifying gas channel, heated air stream passage, oven dry gas channel connect the gas channel that constitutes circulation from beginning to end with dehumidifying gas channel three;
Drying plant is provided with and is communicated with air port extraneous and gas channel, and drying chamber is provided with the barn door of edible mushroom turnover;
Described source pump comprises compressor, evaporimeter and condenser, and described evaporimeter is positioned at the heating and dehumidification passage, and described condenser is positioned at the heated air stream passage.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are: the edible fungus drying equipment that is different from available technology adopting burning mode of heating, it is the hot-air source that the utility model has adopted heat pump, under same energy consumption, the heat that heat pump produced is much larger than the heat of direct burning or heating generation.Humid gas after the utility model also will be dried is simultaneously removed the gas that becomes drying by the heat exchange of evaporimeter with the condensate moisture in the humid gas, more helps oven dry and uses.And the heat that heat pump produces is convenient controlled, helps keeping drying the quality of edible mushroom.
Wherein, described compressor is arranged in the gas channel, be positioned at the evaporimeter on the airflow direction after, before the condenser.
Wherein, described evaporimeter is arranged at the condenser below.
Wherein, described oven dry gas channel comprises oven dry air-flow by-path in parallel more than two.
Wherein, described air current circulation comprises and is arranged at every interior circulating fan in the oven dry air-flow by-path.
Wherein, described air current circulation comprises the condenser fan that is arranged at heating clamber, is arranged at the circulating fan of drying chamber, is arranged at the evaporator fan except that moist chamber.
Wherein, described air port comprises and is communicated with heating clamber with extraneous heating clamber air inlet and is communicated with gas channel and the air outlet in the external world, described air port is provided with the air door that is driven by door driving device, described number of compressors is more than 2, described edible fungus drying equipment is provided with in controller, the described drying chamber and is provided with temperature sensor and humidity sensor, and described controller is connected with temperature sensor, humidity sensor, door driving device, compressor, air current circulation and air damper controller respectively.
Wherein, described drying plant also is provided with the Pressure gauge that detects gas pressure intensity in the drying plant.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the described edible mushroom drying unit of a utility model specific embodiment structure principle chart.
Label declaration:
1, heating clamber 11, heated air stream passage 13, heating clamber air inlet 2, drying chamber 21, oven dry gas channel 211, oven dry air-flow by-path 22, barn door 3, remove moist chamber 31, dehumidifying gas channel 41, compressor 42, evaporimeter 43, condenser 51, condenser fan 52, interior circulating fan 53, evaporator fan 6, controller 7, Pressure gauge
The specific embodiment
By describing technology contents of the present utility model, structural feature in detail, realized purpose and effect, give explanation below in conjunction with embodiment and conjunction with figs. are detailed.
See also Fig. 1, the utility model provides a kind of edible fungus drying equipment, described edible fungus drying equipment comprise source pump, gas channel, heated air stream heating clamber 1, drying chamber 2 such as oven dry edible mushroom etc., remove removing moist chamber 3, driving the air current circulation of gas flow in the gas channel of air moisture;
Described gas channel runs through heating clamber, drying chamber successively and removes moist chamber by airflow direction, the gas channel that is arranged in heating clamber is a heated air stream passage 11, the gas channel that is arranged in drying chamber is oven dry gas channel 21, be arranged in the gas channel that removes moist chamber and be dehumidifying gas channel 31, heated air stream passage 11, oven dry gas channel 21 connect the gas channel that constitutes circulation from beginning to end with dehumidifying gas channel 31 threes;
Drying plant is provided with and is communicated with air port extraneous and gas channel, and drying chamber is provided with the barn door 22 of edible mushroom turnover;
Described source pump comprises compressor 41, evaporimeter 42 and condenser 43, and described evaporimeter 42 is positioned at the heating and dehumidification passage, and described condenser 43 is positioned at the heated air stream passage.
It is the hot-air source that the utility model has adopted heat pump, and under same energy consumption, the heat that heat pump produced is much larger than the heat of direct burning or heating generation.Humid gas after the utility model also will be dried is simultaneously removed the gas that becomes drying by the heat exchange of evaporimeter with the condensate moisture in the humid gas, more helps oven dry and uses.And the heat that heat pump produces is convenient controlled, helps keeping drying the quality of edible mushroom.
In another embodiment, referring to Fig. 1, described compressor 41 is arranged in the gas channel, be positioned at the evaporimeter 42 on the airflow direction after, before the condenser 43.It is advantageous that, produce heat during compressor work itself, need heat radiation, and lower through the gas flow temperature behind the evaporimeter, both can cooling compressor, the heat that the compressor operating of loosing produces, can utilize this heat heated air stream again, the air-flow that enters condenser is carried out preheating, energy savings.
In another embodiment, as shown in Figure 1, described evaporimeter 42 is arranged at condenser 43 belows.
In another embodiment, as shown in Figure 1, described oven dry gas channel 21 comprises oven dry air-flow by-path 211 in parallel more than two.
Edible mushroom after air-flow by-path in parallel can be avoided leaning on the long oven dry path can not get the oven dry of dry high temperature gas flow, helps improving drying efficiency.
In another embodiment of the present utility model, as shown in Figure 1, described air current circulation comprises and is arranged at every interior circulating fan 52 in the oven dry air-flow by-path 211.Circulating fan in utilizing can make above-mentioned each bar oven dry air-flow by-path obtain sufficient air stream drives.
In another embodiment of the present utility model, as shown in Figure 1, described air current circulation comprises the condenser fan 51 that is arranged at heating clamber 1, is arranged at the circulating fan of drying chamber, is arranged at the evaporator fan 53 except that moist chamber 3.Through the relay of multistage blower fan, air-flow can more effectively circulate.
As improvement to the various embodiments described above, described air port comprises and is communicated with heating clamber 1 with extraneous heating clamber air inlet 13 and is communicated with gas channel and the air outlet in the external world, described air port is provided with the air door that is driven by door driving device, described compressor 41 quantity are more than 2, described edible fungus drying equipment is provided with in controller 6, the described drying chamber and is provided with temperature sensor and humidity sensor, and described controller 6 is connected with temperature sensor, humidity sensor, door driving device, compressor, air current circulation and air damper controller respectively.
In this embodiment, controller is by temperature sensor and the detected information of humidity sensor, root a tree name baking process curve requires setting value, control automatically evaporimeter from air, absorbs sensible heat and latent heat how much and the workbench number of compressor control temperature in the drying chamber.
Humidity in the control drying chamber is the humidity value by measuring in real time in the drying chamber, root a tree name baking process curve requires to set humidity value, automatically the control air port size of opening or close, control enter outside air in the gas channel what and efflux gas how much guarantee dry indoor humidity with set value identical.
On the basis of the foregoing description, as shown in Figure 1, drying plant also is provided with the Pressure gauge 7 that detects gas pressure intensity in the drying plant.
The above only is embodiment of the present utility model; be not so limit claim of the present utility model; every equivalent structure or equivalent flow process conversion that utilizes the utility model specification and accompanying drawing content to be done; or directly or indirectly be used in other relevant technical fields, all in like manner be included in the scope of patent protection of the present utility model.

Claims (8)

1. edible fungus drying equipment, it is characterized in that, described edible fungus drying equipment comprise source pump, gas channel, heated air stream heating clamber, drying chamber such as oven dry edible mushroom etc., remove removing moist chamber, driving the air current circulation of gas flow in the gas channel of air moisture;
Described gas channel runs through heating clamber, drying chamber successively and removes moist chamber by airflow direction, the gas channel that is arranged in heating clamber is the heated air stream passage, the gas channel that is arranged in drying chamber is the oven dry gas channel, be arranged in the gas channel that removes moist chamber and be the dehumidifying gas channel, heated air stream passage, oven dry gas channel connect the gas channel that constitutes circulation from beginning to end with dehumidifying gas channel three;
Drying plant is provided with and is communicated with air port extraneous and gas channel, and drying chamber is provided with the barn door of edible mushroom turnover;
Described source pump comprises compressor, evaporimeter and condenser, and described evaporimeter is positioned at the heating and dehumidification passage, and described condenser is positioned at the heated air stream passage.
2. edible fungus drying equipment according to claim 1 is characterized in that described compressor is arranged in the gas channel, be positioned at the evaporimeter on the airflow direction after, before the condenser.
3. edible fungus drying equipment according to claim 2 is characterized in that, described evaporimeter is arranged at the condenser below.
4. edible fungus drying equipment according to claim 1 is characterized in that, described oven dry gas channel comprises oven dry air-flow by-path in parallel more than two.
5. edible fungus drying equipment according to claim 4 is characterized in that, described air current circulation comprises and is arranged at every interior circulating fan in the oven dry air-flow by-path.
6. edible fungus drying equipment according to claim 1 is characterized in that described air current circulation comprises the condenser fan that is arranged at heating clamber, is arranged at the circulating fan of drying chamber, is arranged at the evaporator fan except that moist chamber.
7. according to any described edible fungus drying equipment of claim 1 to 6, it is characterized in that, described air port comprises and is communicated with heating clamber with extraneous heating clamber air inlet and is communicated with gas channel and the air outlet in the external world, described air port is provided with the air door that is driven by door driving device, described number of compressors is more than 2, described edible fungus drying equipment is provided with controller, be provided with temperature sensor and humidity sensor in the described drying chamber, described controller respectively with temperature sensor, humidity sensor, door driving device, compressor, air current circulation and air damper controller are connected.
8. edible fungus drying equipment according to claim 7 is characterized in that, described drying plant also is provided with the Pressure gauge that detects gas pressure intensity in the drying plant.
CN2010206828713U 2010-12-27 2010-12-27 Edible-fungus drying equipment CN201976709U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010206828713U CN201976709U (en) 2010-12-27 2010-12-27 Edible-fungus drying equipment

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010206828713U CN201976709U (en) 2010-12-27 2010-12-27 Edible-fungus drying equipment

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN201976709U true CN201976709U (en) 2011-09-21

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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103206799A (en) * 2013-04-28 2013-07-17 江苏枫叶能源技术有限公司 Heat pump loop for edible fungus drying device
CN103202520A (en) * 2013-04-28 2013-07-17 南京师范大学 Edible fungus dried air circulation treatment device
CN104041922A (en) * 2014-07-02 2014-09-17 姜少华 Vegetable and fruit drying and juice extraction machine
CN105639681A (en) * 2016-02-03 2016-06-08 昆明农沃新能源科技有限公司 Combined heat source type fruit and vegetable drying machine and processing method thereof
CN106247783A (en) * 2016-10-31 2016-12-21 黄剑春 Heat pump drying machine room and heat pump drying circulation machine room
CN106247787A (en) * 2016-10-31 2016-12-21 黄剑春 Heat pump drying total system and heat pump drying circulation total system
CN108489252A (en) * 2018-03-09 2018-09-04 浙江海莱芙电子科技有限公司 Temperature monitoring system in a kind of air energy heat pump high temperature drying chamber
CN108489254A (en) * 2018-03-09 2018-09-04 浙江海莱芙电子科技有限公司 A kind of full-automatic drying room temperature regulating system of air energy heat pump tobacco leaf
CN108576870A (en) * 2018-02-01 2018-09-28 福建益升食品有限公司 Edible mushroom ultra redray drier

Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103206799A (en) * 2013-04-28 2013-07-17 江苏枫叶能源技术有限公司 Heat pump loop for edible fungus drying device
CN103202520A (en) * 2013-04-28 2013-07-17 南京师范大学 Edible fungus dried air circulation treatment device
CN103202520B (en) * 2013-04-28 2015-04-08 南京师范大学 Edible fungus dried air circulation treatment device
CN104041922A (en) * 2014-07-02 2014-09-17 姜少华 Vegetable and fruit drying and juice extraction machine
CN104041922B (en) * 2014-07-02 2015-09-30 姜少华 Fruit and vegetable dryness juice extracting machine
CN105639681A (en) * 2016-02-03 2016-06-08 昆明农沃新能源科技有限公司 Combined heat source type fruit and vegetable drying machine and processing method thereof
CN106247783A (en) * 2016-10-31 2016-12-21 黄剑春 Heat pump drying machine room and heat pump drying circulation machine room
CN106247787A (en) * 2016-10-31 2016-12-21 黄剑春 Heat pump drying total system and heat pump drying circulation total system
CN106247787B (en) * 2016-10-31 2018-12-21 黄剑春 Heat pump drying total system and heat pump drying recycle total system
CN108576870A (en) * 2018-02-01 2018-09-28 福建益升食品有限公司 Edible mushroom ultra redray drier
CN108576870B (en) * 2018-02-01 2020-04-28 福建益升食品有限公司 Infrared drying device for edible fungi
CN108489254A (en) * 2018-03-09 2018-09-04 浙江海莱芙电子科技有限公司 A kind of full-automatic drying room temperature regulating system of air energy heat pump tobacco leaf
CN108489252A (en) * 2018-03-09 2018-09-04 浙江海莱芙电子科技有限公司 Temperature monitoring system in a kind of air energy heat pump high temperature drying chamber

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GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20110921

Termination date: 20131227

C17 Cessation of patent right