CN201974020U - Tunnel kiln for drying brown coal - Google Patents

Tunnel kiln for drying brown coal Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201974020U
CN201974020U CN2011200066759U CN201120006675U CN201974020U CN 201974020 U CN201974020 U CN 201974020U CN 2011200066759 U CN2011200066759 U CN 2011200066759U CN 201120006675 U CN201120006675 U CN 201120006675U CN 201974020 U CN201974020 U CN 201974020U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
brown coal
tunnel cave
combustion apparatus
kiln car
guide rail
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN2011200066759U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张毅
刘振强
何鹏
苗文华
陶晓东
张旭辉
白中华
石长江
杨生智
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XILINHOT NATIONAL ENERGY TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
Original Assignee
XILINHOT NATIONAL ENERGY TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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Publication date
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Priority to CN2011200066759U priority Critical patent/CN201974020U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN201974020U publication Critical patent/CN201974020U/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The utility model relates to a tunnel kiln for drying brown coal, which comprises a kiln car, a tunnel kiln main body, wherein the kiln car is provided with a structure which is suitable to pass through the tunnel kiln main body and load and unload the brown coal; the tunnel kiln main body is a long tunnel, a guide rail and combustion equipment are arranged in the tunnel kiln main body, wherein the guide rail guides the kiln car to pass through the tunnel kiln main body; and the combustion equipment provides a heat source for drying the brown coal, and is arranged along the length direction of the tunnel kiln main body in a sealing way, the flame of the combustion equipment is isolated from the space through which the kiln car passes. Because the tunnel kiln for drying the brown coal utilizes the structure, convenience is brought to dry the brown coal in large scale and batch, and meanwhile, the drying cost can be greatly reduced, so the tunnel kiln for drying the brown coal is convenient to popularize and apply.

Description

The brown coal drying tunnel cave
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of drying device, specifically is a kind of brown coal drying tunnel cave.
Background technology
Traditional handicraft is by the roller drying brown coal; cylinder itself and its dynamical system parts are numerous; and cylinder also will roll; so in the process of using, be worn; often breaking down needs shutdown maintenance; and then make brown coal drying cost height, since the restriction of cylinder itself, the inconvenient scale drying brown coal in enormous quantities of existing roller drying.
Tunnel cave generally is a long linear tunnel, and fixing wall and vault are arranged at its both sides and top, is moving kiln car on the track that lay the bottom.Combustion apparatus is located at the both sides, middle part of tunnel cave, constituted fixing high temperate zone--clinkering zone, the high-temperature flue gas that burning produces is under the effect of tunnel cave front end chimney or air-introduced machine, flow to the kiln hood direction along the tunnel, preheating enters the interior goods of kiln step by step simultaneously, and this section constituted the preheating zone of tunnel cave.Kiln tail at tunnel cave blasts cold wind, and back one section goods in the cooling tunnel kiln, the cold wind that blasts are flowed through goods and after being heated, being extracted out and send into the thermal source of drier as dried, and this section just constituted the salband of tunnel cave.
Place the saggar of the ceramic of packing on chassis, the inlet by the preheating zone pushes at leisure continuously, and is loaded with the chassis of the product of burning till, and just the outlet by salband is pushed out gradually.
Because be not subjected to the influence of rapid heat cycle in the kiln of tunnel cave, so kiln body long service life, durable in use, it is low to fire cost.In addition, tunnel cave itself is exactly the Thermal Equipment that a kind of modern continous way is burnt till, and can realize continuous large-scale production.
But,, be easy to putting and loading and unloading of ceramic product so kiln car is traditionally arranged to be unlimited sandwich construction because the existing tunnel kiln owner will be used for the baked for producing of ceramic product.Specific to brown coal, be the mud shape before its drying, be powdery, bulk after the drying, all do not have solid shape, can not as ceramic product, direct loading and unloading put, and brown coal itself are inflammable, can not directly contact with thermal source.
The utility model content
For this reason, to be solved in the utility model is roller drying brown coal production cost height that brings and the technical problems that are not easy to large-scale production, and a kind of tunnel cave that is used for dry brown coal is provided.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the technical solution adopted in the utility model is as follows:
A kind of brown coal drying tunnel cave comprises,
Kiln car has and is suitable for by described tunnel cave body and the structure that is suitable for loading and unloading brown coal;
The tunnel cave body is a long tunnel, is provided with guide rail and combustion apparatus in it, wherein,
Described guide rail is guided described kiln car by described tunnel cave body;
Described combustion apparatus for dry brown coal provide thermal source, is provided with along the sealing of the length direction of described tunnel cave body, makes the space isolation that described kiln car passes through in flame and the described tunnel of described combustion apparatus.
Described combustion apparatus is arranged on the place, centre position of described tunnel cave body, has the top that raises up; Described kiln car has bottom surface and the side that links to each other with the periphery of described bottom surface, and described bottom surface and described side surround the drying room that is used for the described brown coal of splendid attire, and described bottom surface has the recess that cooperates with the top of described combustion apparatus projection; In the dry run, described kiln car is erected on the described combustion apparatus.
The cross section of described combustion apparatus is a triangle.
The described bottom surface of described kiln car is provided with the cylindrical bump that is deep into described drying room.
Has the side door that is suitable for opening on the described side of described kiln car.
The upper end of described side door and the support of described kiln car are rotationally connected, between described side door and the described bottom surface for removably connecting.
Described being rotationally connected to being coupling, the described bolt that is detachably connected as connects.
Distance D between the top of described combustion apparatus and the described bottom surface is 5mm.
The quantity of described guide rail is three, and wherein, two described guide rails are laid on the bottom of described tunnel cave body, the both sides of described combustion apparatus respectively; A described guide rail is arranged on the top of described combustion apparatus.
Technique scheme of the present utility model has the following advantages compared to existing technology:
A kind of brown coal drying tunnel cave comprises, kiln car has and is suitable for by described tunnel cave body and the structure that is suitable for loading and unloading brown coal; The tunnel cave body is a long tunnel, comprises guide rail and combustion apparatus, and wherein, described guide rail is arranged in the described tunnel cave body, guides described kiln car by described tunnel cave body; Described combustion apparatus, along the length direction of described tunnel cave body, sealing is arranged in the described tunnel cave body, for dry brown coal provide thermal source.Owing to utilized the dry brown coal of the tunnel cave of said structure, be convenient to scale dry brown coal in batches, simultaneously, can significantly reduce drying cost, easy to utilize.
Description of drawings
For the easier quilt of content of the present utility model is clearly understood, according to specific embodiment of the utility model also in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, the utility model is described in further detail, wherein below
Fig. 1 is the kiln car structural representation of an embodiment of the utility model;
Fig. 2 is the tunnel cave structural representation of an embodiment of the utility model.
Reference numeral is expressed as among the figure: 1-kiln car, 11-bottom surface, 12-side, the 13-drying room, 141-first wheel, 142-second wheel, 143-the 3rd wheel, 15-support, 16-cylindrical bump, 2-tunnel cave body, 211-first guide rail, 212-second guide rail, 213-the 3rd guide rail, the 22-combustion apparatus, the 23-dry face.
The specific embodiment
Shown in Fig. 1-2, the brown coal drying tunnel cave of an embodiment of the utility model, comprise kiln car 1, described kiln car 1 has the side 12 that bottom surface 11 links to each other with periphery with described bottom surface 11, have openable side door on the described side 12, described bottom surface 11 and described side 12 surround the drying room 13 that is used for the described brown coal of splendid attire, described bottom surface 11 has the recess that cooperates with the top of described combustion apparatus 22 projectioies, the support 15 of the upper end of described side door and described kiln car 1 is coupling, be connected for bolt between the lower end of described side door and the described bottom surface 11, guarantee that two described side doors can upwards be opened when unloading coal, dry good brown coal utilize self gravitation that side door is upwards pushed open, and then make dry good brown coal fall into feed bin, also be provided with the cylindrical bump 16 that penetrates into described drying room 13 on the described bottom surface 11 of described kiln car 1, be convenient to heat is conducting to the centre of described drying room 13, accelerate dry run; Tunnel cave body 2 is a long linear tunnel, is provided with guide rail and combustion apparatus 22 in it, and wherein, described guide rail is guided described kiln car 1 by described tunnel cave body 2; Described combustion apparatus 22, for dry brown coal provide thermal source, be arranged on the place, centre position of described tunnel cave body 2 along the length direction sealing of described tunnel cave body 2, cross section is a triangle, have the top that raises up, make the space that described kiln car passes through in the flame of described combustion apparatus and the described tunnel isolate; The quantity of described guide rail is three, wherein, second guide rail 212 and the 3rd guide rail 213 be laid on respectively described tunnel cave body 2 the bottom, be symmetricly set on the both sides of described combustion apparatus 22; One first guide rail 211 is arranged on the top that raises up of described combustion apparatus 22, described recess on the described kiln car 1 is provided with first wheel 141, one second wheel 142 and the one or three wheel 143 are symmetricly set on the bottom of described kiln car 1, in the course of work, described first wheel 141 operates on described first guide rail 211, described second wheel 142 and described the 3rd wheel 143 operate in respectively on described second guide rail 212 and described the 3rd guide rail 213, guarantee that kiln car 1 described in the dry run stably is erected at motion on the described combustion apparatus 22, limits the preset distance D that keeps 5mm between described bottom surface 11 and the described dry face 23.The present invention is applied to the brown coal drying field with tunnel cave, compares this equipment with traditional cylinder brown coal drying equipment and reduces cost of investment greatly, and can satisfy in enormous quantities, large-scale production.
Described brown coal drying is divided into two sections with tunnel cave on function, wherein being used for the part that brown coal to described kiln car 1 carry out heat drying is dryer section, and the part that is connected, is used for the good brown coal of cool drying with described dryer section is a cooling section.Cold air enters from kiln car 1 upper space and tunnel, kiln body bottom respectively from the cooling section end, hot-air is drawn at the cooling section end, then with hot-air as combustion air, enter kiln car 1 dryer section tunnel, fully burning in the dryer section tunnel, produce hot flue gas, at the dryer section end hot flue gas is drawn, enter kiln car 1 upper space, dryer section kiln car 1 upper space is drawn hot flue gas, and this measure is further heated brown coal from kiln car 1 top, improve drying effect, take away moisture a large amount of in the brown coal the most at last, contain the hot flue gas of a large amount of steam, can be by heat exchange, with unnecessary heat to staff quarters, or the surrounding resident heating, simultaneously hot flue gas is carried out the condensed water collection and treatment, obtain water for industrial use.
As a distortion of the foregoing description, described kiln car 1 has and is suitable for realizing the purpose of this utility model equally by described tunnel cave body 2 and other structures of being suitable for loading and unloading brown coal, belongs to protection domain of the present utility model.
As another distortion of the foregoing description, keep other preset distances D except that 5mm between described bottom surface 11 and the described dry face 23, such as 3mm, 8mm etc., can realize the purpose of this utility model equally, belong to protection domain of the present utility model.
As the 3rd distortion of the foregoing description, described being coupling can be other replacements that is rotationally connected; Described bolt connection can be other replacements that removably connects, and can realize the purpose of this utility model equally, belongs to protection domain of the present utility model.
As the 4th distortion of the foregoing description, described linear pattern tunnel also can be curved tunnel and replaces, and can realize the purpose of this utility model equally, belongs to protection domain of the present utility model.
As the 5th distortion of the foregoing description, two described side doors can upwards opening can be located at other predetermined portions on the side, but also side is opened, as long as can reach the purpose of conveniently unloading coal, belongs to protection domain of the present utility model equally.
Obviously, the foregoing description only is for example clearly is described, and is not the qualification to embodiment.For those of ordinary skill in the field, can also make other changes in different forms on the basis of the above description.Here need not also can't give exhaustive to all embodiments.And conspicuous variation of being extended out thus or change still are among the protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (9)

1. brown coal drying tunnel cave is characterized in that: comprises,
Kiln car has and is suitable for by described tunnel cave body and the structure that is suitable for loading and unloading brown coal;
The tunnel cave body is a long tunnel, is provided with guide rail and combustion apparatus in it, wherein,
Described guide rail is guided described kiln car by described tunnel cave body;
Described combustion apparatus for dry brown coal provide thermal source, is provided with along the sealing of the length direction of described tunnel cave body, makes the space isolation that described kiln car passes through in flame and the described tunnel of described combustion apparatus.
2. brown coal drying tunnel cave according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described combustion apparatus is arranged on the place, centre position of described tunnel cave body, has the top that raises up; Described kiln car has bottom surface and the side that links to each other with the periphery of described bottom surface, and described bottom surface and described side surround the drying room that is used for the described brown coal of splendid attire, and described bottom surface has the recess that cooperates with the top of described combustion apparatus projection; In the dry run, described kiln car is erected on the described combustion apparatus.
3. brown coal drying tunnel cave according to claim 2 is characterized in that: the cross section of described combustion apparatus is a triangle.
4. brown coal drying tunnel cave according to claim 3 is characterized in that: the described bottom surface of described kiln car is provided with the cylindrical bump that is deep into described drying room.
5. brown coal drying tunnel cave according to claim 4 is characterized in that: have the side door that is suitable for opening on the described side of described kiln car.
6. brown coal drying tunnel cave according to claim 5 is characterized in that: the upper end of described side door and the support of described kiln car are rotationally connected, between described side door and the described bottom surface for removably connecting.
7. brown coal drying tunnel cave according to claim 6 is characterized in that: described being rotationally connected to being coupling, the described bolt that is detachably connected as connects.
8. brown coal drying tunnel cave according to claim 7 is characterized in that: the distance D between the top of described combustion apparatus and the described bottom surface is 5mm.
9. brown coal drying tunnel cave according to claim 8 is characterized in that: the quantity of described guide rail is three, and wherein, two described guide rails are laid on the bottom of described tunnel cave body, the both sides of described combustion apparatus respectively; A described guide rail is arranged on the top of described combustion apparatus.
CN2011200066759U 2011-01-11 2011-01-11 Tunnel kiln for drying brown coal Expired - Fee Related CN201974020U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011200066759U CN201974020U (en) 2011-01-11 2011-01-11 Tunnel kiln for drying brown coal

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011200066759U CN201974020U (en) 2011-01-11 2011-01-11 Tunnel kiln for drying brown coal

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN201974020U true CN201974020U (en) 2011-09-14

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103242876A (en) * 2013-04-28 2013-08-14 蔡京鹏 Drying or low-temperature dry distillation method and device of brown coal or low-metamorphic candle coal
CN103333703A (en) * 2013-06-22 2013-10-02 蔡京鹏 Drying or low-temperature destructive distillation method and device of brown coal or low-deterioration long flame coal
WO2015013990A1 (en) * 2013-07-29 2015-02-05 Cai Jingpeng Method and apparatus for drying and dry distillation or pyrolysis, in which the majority of the heat of vaporization can be recycled
CN107388790A (en) * 2017-08-31 2017-11-24 贵州大学 The quick tunnel type drying device of circulation in a kind of

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103242876A (en) * 2013-04-28 2013-08-14 蔡京鹏 Drying or low-temperature dry distillation method and device of brown coal or low-metamorphic candle coal
CN103333703A (en) * 2013-06-22 2013-10-02 蔡京鹏 Drying or low-temperature destructive distillation method and device of brown coal or low-deterioration long flame coal
WO2014201708A1 (en) * 2013-06-22 2014-12-24 Cai Jingpeng Drying or low-temperature destructive distillation method and apparatus for brown coal or low-deterioration long flame coal
CN103333703B (en) * 2013-06-22 2015-06-10 蔡京鹏 Drying or low-temperature destructive distillation method and device of brown coal or low-deterioration long flame coal
WO2015013990A1 (en) * 2013-07-29 2015-02-05 Cai Jingpeng Method and apparatus for drying and dry distillation or pyrolysis, in which the majority of the heat of vaporization can be recycled
CN107388790A (en) * 2017-08-31 2017-11-24 贵州大学 The quick tunnel type drying device of circulation in a kind of

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20110914

Termination date: 20170111