CN201959823U - Flaxseed peeling and separating device - Google Patents

Flaxseed peeling and separating device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201959823U
CN201959823U CN2011200466978U CN201120046697U CN201959823U CN 201959823 U CN201959823 U CN 201959823U CN 2011200466978 U CN2011200466978 U CN 2011200466978U CN 201120046697 U CN201120046697 U CN 201120046697U CN 201959823 U CN201959823 U CN 201959823U
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China
Prior art keywords
outlet
peeling
linseed
friction
machine
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN2011200466978U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
邓占国
邓亚东
张兴
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邓占国
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Priority to CN2011200466978U priority Critical patent/CN201959823U/en
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Publication of CN201959823U publication Critical patent/CN201959823U/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The utility model relates to relevant equipment for fruit peeling and seed-peel separation of crops, in particular to a flaxseed peeling and separating device, which comprises a centrifugal peeling machine, wherein an outlet of the centrifugal peeling machine is connected with a rotating speed reducer, an outlet of the rotating speed reducer is connected with a sorting box for whole seeds, cores and peels, the sorting box is provided with three outlets, a whole seed outlet and a seed outlet are arranged at the lower side, a peel outlet is arranged at the back side, the peel outlet is connected with a cyclone separator, a friction separating machine is arranged under the whole seed outlet and the seed outlet of the sorting box, the inclination angle of a conveyor belt of the friction separation machine is regulated so that the whole seeds can slide down from the conveyor belt, and the cores are attached on the belt to upwards and forwards move, so the further separation effect is reached. The flaxseed peeling and separating device adopts the centrifugal peeling machine for peeling, and the flaxseed peeling industrial continuous operation is solved. Because a separation box is used, and then, the friction separation machine is used for separation after the gravity separation, the operation is simple, and the peeling separation effect is good.

Description

A kind of linseed decortication separator
Technical field
The utility model relates to the decortication of a kind of crops fruit and seed, skin separates relevant device, is specifically related to a kind of linseed decortication separator.
Background technology
Linseed is a kind of oily crop and fruit, and oil content is very high in the seed, and contains the б-leukotrienes about 48% in oil.Containing the flax glue about 8% in the shell skin, is the unique available natural plant gum resource in the grease crop.Contain a large amount of flax lignanoids in flax grouts, as the estrogen of a kind of plant, its content is about 800 times of other crop.Up to now, the processing and utilization of above-mentioned effective ingredient all is to carry out without decortication or on without the basis that seed, skin separate effectively.Therefore, the yield of above-mentioned various useful compositions is very low.Linseed is flat ellipse.Because linseed oil content height and shape are special, commonly used roll or the peeling method that rubs can make seed and shell skin stick together, make decortication seed, skin separate very difficult.
Its mode that adopts that Chinese patent 02825044.3 discloses a kind of " linseed becomes component separation and device " is that dried linseed is sent into a separation bin that the friction circulator is housed, by friction linseed is shelled, form flax seed husk skin and seed benevolence, through screen cloth and/or Gravity Separation mode the shell skin is separated with seed benevolence then.It also needs to feed air-flow and add light material in the storehouse in order to control the flowing velocity of linseed in separation bin.This separation method is too complicated and be difficult to control.
" Hubei Polytichnic College's journal " the 18th volume fifth phase disclosed " multi-functional oilseed decortication systematic research " discloses a kind of linseed decortication separation method, it is 3.5~9% that this method is dried to moisture content with linseed, send into then in the centrifugal peeling machine, make linseed decortication form the mixture of shell skin and seed benevolence, with shell skin and seed benevolence mixture by sieve nest vibrate with eolian suspension under both separate.This wind-force suspended pattern is difficult to control the size of wind-force or wind speed when separating, its separating effect is relatively poor.
The utility model content
The purpose of this utility model provides the linseed decortication separator of a kind of linseed kernel, skin good separating effect.
The utility model mainly comprises centrifugal peeling machine, the outlet of centrifugal peeling machine is connected to the rotation decelerator, the outlet of rotation decelerator is connected to whole seed, benevolence, skin separatory vessel, separatory vessel is provided with three outlets, be whole seed, two outlets of benevolence below, the back is the skin outlet, and the skin outlet connects cyclone separator, and the following whole seed of separatory vessel, two outlet belows of benevolence are provided with the friction seperator.
First and second grade belt feed angle of above-mentioned friction seperator is greater than the angle of repose of linseed, less than the angle of repose of linseed kernel, whole seed outlet below is facing to first order belt conveyor, between whole seed outlet below and the first order belt conveyor hopper feed machine is arranged, whole benevolence outlet below is facing to second level belt conveyor, there are returning charge hopper and refeed line in friction seperator below, and refeed line connects the import of centrifugal peeling machine.
The first order belt conveyor of above-mentioned friction seperator and second level belt conveyor and hopper feed machine pass through the driving-belt transmission by a motor.
The opposite of charging aperture is provided with a curved baffle in the above-mentioned separatory vessel.
The utility model has following advantage compared with prior art:
The utility model adopts the method for centrifugal separator decortication, has solved linseed decortication industrialization and has worked continuously.Owing to use separator box, after the Gravity Separation, re-use the friction seperator and separate, make the shell skin separate to carry out with seed benevolence thoroughly, simple to operate, decortication is effective.
Description of drawings
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples the utility model is further specified.
Fig. 1 is a device schematic diagram of the present utility model,
Fig. 2 is a friction separator structure schematic diagram of the present utility model,
Among the figure: 1. hopper, 2. feed pipe, 3. rotation decelerator, 4. centrifugal peeling machine, 5. separatory vessel, 6. curved baffle, 7. whole seed outlet, 8. whole benevolence outlet, 9. skin outlet, 10. cyclone separator, 11. discharging openings, 12. material box, 13. the friction seperator, 14. hopper feed machines, 15. returning charge buckets, 16. refeed line, 17. first order belt conveyors, 18. drive sprockets, 19. driving-chain, 20. second level belt conveyors, 21. bunchers, 22. little pulley concial disk, 23. V-belts, 24. big pulley concial disks, 25. speed-changing chain, 26. chain, 27. flower roller drive sprockets, 28. material togglings flower roller.
The specific embodiment
The utility model mainly comprises hopper 1, feed pipe 2, centrifugal peeling machine 4, centrifugal peeling machine 4 is a Middle pressure draught fan, the outlet of centrifugal peeling machine 4 is connected to rotation decelerator 3, the outlet of rotation decelerator 3 is connected to whole seed, benevolence, skin separatory vessel 5, separatory vessel 5 is provided with three outlets, is whole seed, two outlets 7,8 of benevolence below, and the back is skin outlet 9, skin outlet 9 connects cyclone separator 10, and separatory vessel 5 following two outlets of whole seed, benevolence, 7,8 belows are provided with friction seperator 13.
Above-mentioned friction seperator 13 is different according to the coefficient of friction of whole seed and benevolence, and their stocking angle is had any different and adopted two-stage to separate, and the inclination angle of conveyer belt is adjusted at just in time whole seed and slides from being with, the benevolence grain then attached on tape upwards the place ahead move.
First and second grade belt feed angle of above-mentioned friction seperator 13 is greater than the angle of repose of linseed, less than the angle of repose of linseed kernel, whole seed exports 7 belows facing to first order belt conveyor 17, whole seed exports between 7 belows and the first order belt conveyor 17 hopper feed machine 14, whole benevolence exports 8 belows facing to second level belt conveyor 20, there are returning charge hopper 15 and refeed line 16 in friction seperator 13 belows, and refeed line 16 connects the import of centrifugal peeling machine 4.
The first order belt conveyor 17 of above-mentioned friction seperator 13 and second level belt conveyor 20 and hopper feed machine 14 pass through the driving-belt transmission by a motor 21: first order belt conveyor 17 on top, second level belt conveyor 20 is in bottom, buncher 21 rotates the little pulley concial disk 22 that drives on the motor shaft and rotates, driving big pulley concial disk 24 by V-belt 23 rotates, rotate thereby drive with the coaxial speed-changing chain 25 of big pulley concial disk 24, speed-changing chain 25 rotates the material toggling that drives drive sprocket 19 on the drive roll of drive sprocket 18 and second level belt conveyor 20 on the drive roll of first order belt conveyors 17 and hopper feed machine 14 by chain 26 and spends the colored roller drive sprocket 27 on the roller 28 to rotate together.
The opposite of charging aperture is provided with a curved baffle 6 in the above-mentioned separatory vessel 5, makes separating effect better.
Its principle is that linseed sucks through blower fan, and the centrifugal force that produces with blower fan blade rotation gets rid of to fan casing and breaks and reach the effect of decortication.Mixture after cot gets rid of brokenly blows out at a high speed through blower fan, reach selection by winnowing effect preferably in order to reduce its speed, be provided with rotation decelerator 3, rotate along wall through several times, because frictional force reduces its speed, enters separatory vessel 5, under the effect of wind-force, with curved baffle 6 collisions, from three outlets 7,8,9, flow out successively varying in size of wind-force effect lower stress by whole seed, benevolence, skin.From the whole seed that flow out in 7 exits, contain a spot of whole benevolence; From the benevolence seed that flow out in 8 exits, also contain whole seed in a small amount.Purer in order further to assign to, below above-mentioned outlet 7,8, be provided with friction seperator 13.The operation principle of friction seperator 13 is because the coefficient of friction of whole seed and benevolence is different, and their stocking angle is had any different, thereby the inclination angle of conveyer belt is adjusted at just in time whole seed and slides from being with, the benevolence grain then attached on tape upwards the place ahead move, thereby reached the effect of further separation.Friction seperator 13 adopts two-stage to separate, purer benevolence grain after the first order is separated drops on the secondary separating belt, under the further selected band is whole seed, concentrate in the returning charge bucket 15 and get rid of brokenly again by refeed line 16 suction blower fans, with on the benevolence grain that comes out fall into material box 12 and be finished product, the cot that cyclone separator 10 is collected flows out from cyclone separator lower end discharging opening 11.

Claims (4)

1. linseed decortication separator, mainly comprise centrifugal peeling machine, the outlet that it is characterized in that centrifugal peeling machine is connected to the rotation decelerator, the outlet of rotation decelerator is connected to whole seed, benevolence, skin separatory vessel, separatory vessel is provided with three outlets, is whole seed, two outlets of benevolence below, and the back is the skin outlet, skin outlet connects cyclone separator, and the whole seed below the separatory vessel, the below of two outlets of benevolence are provided with the friction seperator.
2. a kind of linseed decortication separator as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that first and second grade belt feed angle of described friction seperator is greater than the angle of repose of linseed, less than the angle of repose of linseed kernel, whole seed outlet below is facing to first order belt conveyor, between whole seed outlet below and the first order belt conveyor hopper feed machine is arranged, whole benevolence outlet below is facing to second level belt conveyor, there are returning charge hopper and refeed line in friction seperator below, and refeed line connects the import of centrifugal peeling machine.
3. a kind of linseed decortication separator as claimed in claim 2, it is characterized in that the first order belt conveyor of described friction seperator and second level belt conveyor and hopper feed machine by a motor by the driving-belt transmission.
4. a kind of linseed decortication separator as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that the opposite of charging aperture in the described separatory vessel is provided with a curved baffle.
CN2011200466978U 2011-02-24 2011-02-24 Flaxseed peeling and separating device Expired - Fee Related CN201959823U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011200466978U CN201959823U (en) 2011-02-24 2011-02-24 Flaxseed peeling and separating device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011200466978U CN201959823U (en) 2011-02-24 2011-02-24 Flaxseed peeling and separating device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN201959823U true CN201959823U (en) 2011-09-07

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2011200466978U Expired - Fee Related CN201959823U (en) 2011-02-24 2011-02-24 Flaxseed peeling and separating device

Country Status (1)

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CN (1) CN201959823U (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108323769A (en) * 2018-04-16 2018-07-27 广州利众生物科技有限公司 A kind of Flaxseed peeling method and corollary equipment
CN109395802A (en) * 2017-08-15 2019-03-01 岳阳县诚爱米业有限公司 A kind of brown rice processing unit (plant)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109395802A (en) * 2017-08-15 2019-03-01 岳阳县诚爱米业有限公司 A kind of brown rice processing unit (plant)
CN109395802B (en) * 2017-08-15 2021-08-13 岳阳县诚爱米业有限公司 Brown rice processing device
CN108323769A (en) * 2018-04-16 2018-07-27 广州利众生物科技有限公司 A kind of Flaxseed peeling method and corollary equipment

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
C17 Cessation of patent right
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20110907

Termination date: 20140224