CN201955068U - Automatic online wheel external diameter measuring device - Google Patents

Automatic online wheel external diameter measuring device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201955068U
CN201955068U CN2011200092240U CN201120009224U CN201955068U CN 201955068 U CN201955068 U CN 201955068U CN 2011200092240 U CN2011200092240 U CN 2011200092240U CN 201120009224 U CN201120009224 U CN 201120009224U CN 201955068 U CN201955068 U CN 201955068U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
measuring
external diameter
wheel
elevating
gauge head
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
CN2011200092240U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
易峻坚
杜金虎
刘爱兵
王洋
余光祥
谢永祥
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Maanshan Iron and Steel Co Ltd
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Maanshan Iron and Steel Co Ltd
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Publication date
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Priority to CN2011200092240U priority Critical patent/CN201955068U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN201955068U publication Critical patent/CN201955068U/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The utility model discloses an automatic online wheel external diameter measuring device which is installed on a rollgang of a wheel finished product detection line, and comprises a support, a lifting mechanism and a measurement mechanism, wherein the support adopts a gate-type structure and stretches over the rollgang; the lifting mechanism is installed in the middle of the support and used for completing the lifting movement of the measurement mechanism; the measurement mechanism is installed below the lifting mechanism and comprises measuring heads which are arranged at two ends of a measurement mechanism body, are used for measuring the outer diameter of a wheel and move forward and backward along a linear guide rail installed below the measurement mechanism; and the moving distance of the probe is read by a grating ruler installed on the measurement body and the original point of the probe is calibrated by a master gauge. By adopting the automatic online wheel external diameter measuring device with the special structure, the measuring device for disc type parts can be more perfect, and the measurement precision can be enhanced to 0.05mm, therefore, the measurement precision is greatly enhanced, and the requirements on productive technology can be met.

Description

The on-line automatic measurement mechanism of a kind of wheel external diameter
Technical field
The utility model relates to the fields of measurement of disk-like accessory, especially relates to a kind of device that is used for the on-line automatic measurement of wheel external diameter.
Background technology
The wheel outside diameter measuring is the part that disk-like accessory is measured, although the disk-like accessory metering system is varied at present, as modes such as rolling-wheel method, outside micrometer measurement, pneumatic process, grating measuring, laser measurements, but because wheel shape reaches the restriction to the measuring point, at present, the measurement of wheel external diameter all is to carry out off-line measurement by special-purpose wheel external diameter chi, and measuring error is more than 0.1mm; And, manually use wheel external diameter chi that the wheel external diameter is measured, can not guarantee measuring accuracy, more can not satisfy the quantity-produced requirement, working strength of workers is also very high.Though and pneumatic process, laser optical method etc. can reach very high accuracy, these method performance difficulties, maintenance workload is big, and the cost height is difficult to apply in production practices.
The utility model content
Technical problem to be solved in the utility model is to provide a kind of wheel external diameter on-line automatic measurement mechanism at problems of the prior art, its objective is the on-line automatic measurement of finishing the wheel external diameter, satisfy timely, accurate, the reliable production engineering specifications of the on-line automatic measurement of wheel external diameter, realize the serialization production operation.
The technical solution of the utility model is that the on-line automatic measurement mechanism of this kind wheel external diameter is installed on the wheel finished product detection line rollgang, the on-line automatic measurement mechanism of described wheel external diameter comprises support, elevating mechanism and measuring mechanism, described support adopts the gate-type structure, and is across on the rollgang; Described elevating mechanism is installed in the middle part of support, finishes the elevating movement of measuring mechanism; Described measuring mechanism is installed in the below of elevating mechanism, described measuring mechanism comprises the gauge head that is used to measure the wheel external diameter that is positioned at measuring mechanism body two ends, the line slideway that the gauge head edge is installed in measuring mechanism body below advances, setback, the displacement of gauge head is read by the grating chi that is installed on the measuring mechanism body, and initial point is edited by master gauge.
Described elevating mechanism is by air cylinder driven, and elevating mechanism and measuring mechanism adopt oscillating bearing to connect, by the ball pivot degree of freedom and the measuring basis face of the tested wheel of reference field self-adaptation that makes measuring mechanism of pressing.
Described gauge head drive by stepping motor and ball-screw advance, setback, gauge head is installed on the gauge head matrix that is positioned at measuring mechanism body below, also be provided with on the gauge head matrix travel switch, with the contacted stage clip that bears down on one device and play buffering and reset response of tested vechicle wheel tread circle.
The top of described measuring mechanism body also is provided with the slide block that applies ergometry to gauge head, is provided with the shaft coupling by free supported between slide block and stepping motor; The inside of described slide block is provided with the limit switch with process defencive function, and described limit switch triggers by feed screw nut, feed screw nut compression retarding spring.
Described elevating mechanism is connected by terminal pad with measuring mechanism, and is provided with the guide pole that is used to lead between elevating mechanism and the measuring mechanism, also has been provided with the balancing weight of equilibrium activity on the described elevating mechanism.
The reference field of described measuring mechanism is that three locating pieces that are positioned at measuring mechanism body below are formed, and the middle part of described measuring mechanism body also is provided with fixed support, dust cover and fixed support dish.
The on-line automatic measurement mechanism of a kind of wheel external diameter with said structure has the following advantages:
1, the on-line automatic measurement mechanism of this kind wheel external diameter makes the disk-like accessory measurement mechanism more perfect, compare with mechanical dial gauge reading mode with wheel outside diameter measuring digital display reading mode in the past, measuring accuracy is brought up to 0.05mm, has improved the precision of measuring greatly, satisfies the production technology demand.
2, the on-line automatic measurement mechanism of this kind wheel external diameter is whole is arranged on the wheel finished product detection line rollgang, utilize the location that existing locating device is realized wheel on the finished product detection line rollgang, novel structure, configuration is compact, reasonable, reduced investment, operation and maintenance cost is low; Easy to operate, reliable; The automaticity height.
Description of drawings
The utility model is described in further detail below in conjunction with accompanying drawing:
Fig. 1 is a structural representation of the present utility model.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of elevating mechanism in the utility model.
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of measuring mechanism in the utility model.
Fig. 4 is the plan structure synoptic diagram of structure shown in Figure 3.
Fig. 5 is local (I place) structure enlarged diagram in the structure shown in Figure 3.
In Fig. 1-5,1: support; 2: elevating mechanism; 3: measuring mechanism; 4: cylinder; 5: guide pole; 6: balancing weight; 7: stepping motor; 8: shaft coupling; 9: freely support; 10: ball-screw; 11: slide block; 12: feed screw nut; 13: limit switch; 14: retarding spring; 15: fixed support; 16: dust cover; 17: terminal pad; 18: oscillating bearing; 19: locating piece; 20: the fixed support dish; 21: stage clip; 22: device bears down on one; 23: gauge head; 24: travel switch; 25: the gauge head matrix; 26: line slideway; 27: the grating chi; 28: wheel; 29: rollgang.
Embodiment
By Fig. 1-structure combination shown in Figure 5 as can be known, the on-line automatic measurement mechanism of this kind wheel external diameter is installed on the wheel finished product detection line rollgang 29, the on-line automatic measurement mechanism of wheel external diameter comprises support 1, elevating mechanism 2 and measuring mechanism 3, support 1 adopts the gate-type structure, and is across on the rollgang 29; Elevating mechanism 2 is installed in the middle part of support 1, finishes the elevating movement of measuring mechanism 3; Measuring mechanism 3 is installed in the below of elevating mechanism 2, measuring mechanism 3 comprises the gauge head 23 that is used to measure wheel 28 external diameters that is positioned at measuring mechanism body two ends, the line slideway 26 that gauge head 23 edges are installed in measuring mechanism body below advances, setback, the displacement of gauge head 23 is read by the grating chi 27 that is installed on the measuring mechanism body, and initial point is edited by master gauge.
Elevating mechanism 2 is driven by cylinder 4, and elevating mechanism 2 and measuring mechanism 3 adopt oscillating bearings 18 to connect, by the ball pivot degree of freedom and the measuring basis face of the tested wheel 28 of reference field self-adaptation that makes measuring mechanism 3 of pressing.
Gauge head 23 drive by stepping motor 7 and ball-screw 10 advance, setback, gauge head 23 is installed on the gauge head matrix 25 that is positioned at measuring mechanism body below, also be provided with on the gauge head matrix 25 travel switch 24, with the contacted stage clip 21 that bears down on one device 22 and play buffering and reset response of tested wheel 28 treads circle.
The top of measuring mechanism body also is provided with the slide block 11 that applies ergometry to gauge head 23, is provided with between slide block 11 and stepping motor 7 by freely supporting 9 shaft couplings 8 that support; The inside of slide block 11 is provided with the limit switch 13 with process defencive function, and limit switch 13 triggers by feed screw nut 12, feed screw nut 12 compression retarding springs 14.
Elevating mechanism 2 is connected by terminal pad 17 with measuring mechanism 3, and is provided with the guide pole 5 that is used to lead between elevating mechanism 2 and the measuring mechanism 3, also has been provided with the balancing weight 6 of equilibrium activity on the elevating mechanism 2.
The reference field of measuring mechanism 3 is that three locating pieces 19 that are positioned at measuring mechanism body below are formed, and the middle part of measuring mechanism body also is provided with fixed support 15, dust cover 16 and fixed support dish 20.
The method and the course of work of utilizing the on-line automatic measurement mechanism of this kind wheel external diameter to measure are: when wheel 28 after rollgang 29 transports and is positioned in measurement mechanism below, the cylinder 4 of the on-line automatic measurement mechanism elevating movement of control wheel external diameter obtains signal and begins action, driving measuring mechanism 3 moves downward, stop when the locating piece 19 of measurement mechanism contacts tested rim for automobile wheel medial surface fully, this moment, cylinder 4 was by oscillating bearing 18 and impose the reference field (three isometry blocks 19 are formed) that certain pressure makes measuring mechanism 3 and overlap with the measuring basis face of tested wheel 28.
When the locating piece 19 of measurement mechanism 3 with after tested wheel 28 closely contacts, the drive unit of gauge head parts---two stepping motors 7 obtain signal and begin rotation simultaneously, drive ball-screw 10 rotations, driving gauge head 23 entad moves, the device 22 that bears down on one on gauge head matrix 25 touches tested vechicle wheel tread bowlder, position switch 24 actions, stepping motor 7 continues rotation, make ball-screw 10 drive feed screw nut 12 and continue the 5mm that moves ahead along line slideway 26, compression retarding spring 14, apply certain ergometry for gauge head 23 by slide block 11, guarantee that two gauge heads 23 contact fully with the tread circle of wheel 28, at this moment the grating chi 27 on the measurement mechanism begins the reading of taking a sample, because tested wheel 28 how much centers of circle need not overlap with measurement mechanism 3 geometric centers, the tread bowlder of the tested wheel 28 of two grating chis, 27 contacts, both sides numerical value reads in the NC system respectively, with the master gauge value of editing of storing in the system relatively, its difference and master gauge numerical algebra be tested wheel measured value.For guaranteeing to measure accurately, when two gauge heads 23 contacted fully with the tread circle of tested wheel 28, the NC system read repeatedly grating footage value, gets its arithmetic mean.Its numerical value back as calculated shows on computer screen with the diameter form.
Wherein, 21 bufferings of the stage clip on the gauge head parts and reset response; Limit switch 13 in the slide block 11 has the overrange protection function; if gauge head 23 is with after tested wheel 28 contacts; feed screw nut 12 forward travel distances surpass 5mm not to be stopped yet, and feed screw nut 12 triggers limit switch 13 warnings and makes gauge head 23 withdraw from measurement, in case cause the damage of gauge head 23.
Measure and finish, gauge head 23 is first horizontal reset under the driving of ball-screw 10, and measuring mechanism 3 resets under the effect of cylinder 4, finishes one-shot measurement.

Claims (6)

1. on-line automatic measurement mechanism of wheel external diameter, it is characterized in that: the on-line automatic measurement mechanism of this kind wheel external diameter is installed on the wheel finished product detection line rollgang (29), the on-line automatic measurement mechanism of described wheel external diameter comprises support (1), elevating mechanism (2) and measuring mechanism (3), described support (1) adopts the gate-type structure, and is across on the rollgang (29); Described elevating mechanism (2) is installed in the middle part of support (1), finishes the elevating movement of measuring mechanism (3); Described measuring mechanism (3) is installed in the below of elevating mechanism (2), described measuring mechanism (3) comprises the gauge head (23) that is used to measure wheel (28) external diameter that is positioned at measuring mechanism body two ends, the line slideway (26) that gauge head (23) edge is installed in measuring mechanism body below advances, setback, the displacement of gauge head (23) is read by the grating chi (27) that is installed on the measuring mechanism body, and initial point is edited by master gauge.
2. the on-line automatic measurement mechanism of a kind of wheel external diameter according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described elevating mechanism (2) is driven by cylinder (4), elevating mechanism (2) and measuring mechanism (3) adopt oscillating bearing (18) to connect, by the ball pivot degree of freedom and the measuring basis face of the tested wheel of reference field self-adaptation (28) that makes measuring mechanism (3) of pressing.
3. the on-line automatic measurement mechanism of a kind of wheel external diameter according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: described gauge head (23) drive by stepping motor (7) and ball-screw (10) advance, setback, gauge head (23) is installed on the gauge head matrix (25) that is positioned at measuring mechanism body below, also be provided with on the gauge head matrix (25) travel switch (24), with tested wheel (28) tread circle contacted device that bears down on one (22) and the stage clip (21) that plays buffering and reset response.
4. the on-line automatic measurement mechanism of a kind of wheel external diameter according to claim 3, it is characterized in that: the top of described measuring mechanism body also is provided with the slide block (11) that applies ergometry to gauge head (23), is positioned to be provided with between slide block (11) and the stepping motor (7) by freely supporting the shaft coupling (8) that (9) are supported; The inside of described slide block (11) is provided with the limit switch (13) with process defencive function, and described limit switch (13) triggers by feed screw nut (12), feed screw nut (12) compression retarding spring (14).
5. according to the on-line automatic measurement mechanism of the described a kind of wheel external diameter of each claim of claim 1-4, it is characterized in that: described elevating mechanism (2) is connected by terminal pad (17) with measuring mechanism (3), and be provided with the guide pole (5) that is used to lead between elevating mechanism (2) and the measuring mechanism (3), also be provided with the balancing weight (6) of equilibrium activity on the described elevating mechanism (2).
6. the on-line automatic measurement mechanism of a kind of wheel external diameter according to claim 5, it is characterized in that: the reference field of described measuring mechanism (3) is that three locating pieces (19) that are positioned at measuring mechanism body below are formed, and the middle part of described measuring mechanism body also is provided with fixed support (15), dust cover (16) and fixed support dish (20).
CN2011200092240U 2011-01-13 2011-01-13 Automatic online wheel external diameter measuring device Expired - Lifetime CN201955068U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011200092240U CN201955068U (en) 2011-01-13 2011-01-13 Automatic online wheel external diameter measuring device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011200092240U CN201955068U (en) 2011-01-13 2011-01-13 Automatic online wheel external diameter measuring device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN201955068U true CN201955068U (en) 2011-08-31

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2011200092240U Expired - Lifetime CN201955068U (en) 2011-01-13 2011-01-13 Automatic online wheel external diameter measuring device

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102147235A (en) * 2011-01-13 2011-08-10 马鞍山钢铁股份有限公司 Device for automatically measuring outer diameter of vehicle wheel on line and measurement method thereof
CN103743371A (en) * 2013-11-21 2014-04-23 江苏太平洋液压机械制造有限公司 Detection apparatus capable of on-line automatic detection of nut closing-up groove depth dimensions
CN104515490A (en) * 2014-11-27 2015-04-15 苏州紫金港智能制造装备有限公司 Automatic turnover online outer diameter measuring device

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102147235A (en) * 2011-01-13 2011-08-10 马鞍山钢铁股份有限公司 Device for automatically measuring outer diameter of vehicle wheel on line and measurement method thereof
CN102147235B (en) * 2011-01-13 2013-11-20 马鞍山钢铁股份有限公司 Device for automatically measuring outer diameter of vehicle wheel on line and measurement method thereof
CN103743371A (en) * 2013-11-21 2014-04-23 江苏太平洋液压机械制造有限公司 Detection apparatus capable of on-line automatic detection of nut closing-up groove depth dimensions
CN104515490A (en) * 2014-11-27 2015-04-15 苏州紫金港智能制造装备有限公司 Automatic turnover online outer diameter measuring device
CN104515490B (en) * 2014-11-27 2017-11-07 苏州紫金港智能制造装备有限公司 A kind of convertible online external diameter self-operated measuring unit

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AV01 Patent right actively abandoned

Granted publication date: 20110831

Effective date of abandoning: 20131120

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