CN201936457U - Road traffic accident prevention and control internet of things - Google Patents

Road traffic accident prevention and control internet of things Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201936457U
CN201936457U CN2011200106845U CN201120010684U CN201936457U CN 201936457 U CN201936457 U CN 201936457U CN 2011200106845 U CN2011200106845 U CN 2011200106845U CN 201120010684 U CN201120010684 U CN 201120010684U CN 201936457 U CN201936457 U CN 201936457U
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China
Prior art keywords
module
things
vehicle
wireless sensing
road traffic
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN2011200106845U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张恩迪
许春香
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Jiangsu Sumeilun Intelligent Technology Co., Ltd.
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许春香
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Abstract

A road traffic accident prevention and control internet of things comprises a management center processing device, a vehicle entrance and exit processing device and vehicular wireless sensing devices. Each vehicular wireless sensing device comprises a single chip microcomputer, a GPS (global positioning system) module, a wireless receiving and transmitting module, a collision sensor, a voice and display reminding module and the like. The road traffic accident prevention and control internet of things effectively prevents and controls serious traffic accidents on modern highways, can directly transmit accident information to follow-up vehicles to prevent serious accidents of chain collision within an extremely short time after an accident occurs, also continues transmitting the information to each toll station and a management center so as to take rescue measures, can timely remind drivers of car distances, speeds and the like, and effectively avoids the serious traffic accidents on highways.

Description

A kind of road traffic accident prevention and control Internet of Things
Technical field
The utility model relates to the traffic safety field, still refers to expressway traffic safety.
Background technology
We have made highway with high cost, to we the trip and logistics brought unprecedented facility.Yet according to Public Security Department of Ministry of Public Security statistics, highway per 100 km accident rate and mortality ratio are respectively 4 times and 2 times of common road, 5.2 hundred million yuan/year of direct property losss, and indirect economic loss is big must to be difficult to statistics!
As seen, the pernicious traffic hazard of highway takes place frequently and becomes undisputable fact, in case take place just very easily to cause a chain of traffic accident, the state of affairs is very serious, traffic is produced have a strong impact on, and loss has greatly become a world-class difficult problem!
Analyze according to the statistics made by the departments concerned, the main cause that the pernicious traffic hazard of highway takes place frequently is as follows:
Weather extremes causes the accident of shunting into one another
Knock into the back and cause the accident of shunting into one another
Hypervelocity causes accident
Blow out and cause involuntary stoppage so that the accident that shunts into one another
Accident-prone road section, driving in night
Fatigue driving, highway hypnosis, drive absent-minded
Drive when intoxicated
Not enough even the basic not prompting of chapter assisting automobile driver is pressed for the driver in the expressway
The pernicious traffic hazard of highway has following characteristics:
A chain of traffic accident occurred in the short several seconds, often not free reaction when driver who treats the back sees
In case take place, just very easily cause a chain of traffic accident, cause huge life and property loss
Highway is very long, and administrative authority is difficult to find the spot rapidly, can't implement efficient rescue and traffic dispersion, often makes that the state of affairs further worsens, and loss further strengthens
Above culprit and characteristics have ubiquity
Prior art is described below:
1. freeway toll station video monitoring
This is obviously atomic to solving the traffic accidents effect.
2. express highway all-way video monitoring
Judge and the control accident by artificial (or software) by concentrating the situation that monitors each control point.
The shortcoming of this mode:
The one, artificial (or software) is unrealistic at all to the pan of thousands of control points
The 2nd, artificial (or software) pan erroneous judgement easily
The 3rd, reaction velocity is slow
The 4th, can't in time notify follow-up vehicle with the incident situation.So, extremely limited to the prevention and control effect of accident
Example: as the video monitoring system of Chongqing high speed group construction
3. highway radar monitoring, surveillance
This system mainly as speed of a motor vehicle monitoring, candid photograph function, in fact can only suppress the hypervelocity problem now.
In sum, in fact the present domestic technology that can comprehensively, effectively solve a traffic accidents difficult problem of still not having belongs to technological gap.
4. a highway intelligent transportation monitoring and managing system (application number 200910070088.3)
Its claim 1 is:
1. a highway intelligent transportation monitoring and managing system is characterized in that, includes: vehicle-mounted machine, Surveillance center and the charge computer more than two; Described charge computer is arranged on the place, charge station gateway of highway, and links to each other with Surveillance center; Described vehicle-mounted machine is arranged on travels on the vehicle of porch to the exit of highway this section distance, and this information of vehicles is imported this vehicle-mounted machine, carries out telecommunication between described vehicle-mounted machine and the Surveillance center.
This scheme has following shortcoming:
(1) vehicle-mounted machine and Surveillance center carry out the information that telecommunication could obtain necessity, reaction velocity is slow, especially this radio communication can only utilize existing mobile communication network (as GSM from actual it seems, GPRS, 3G), because highway often reaches several hundred kilometers, do not utilize the mobile communication base station that has now spread all over to realize at all, and its network service speed is (cognition is just arranged when utilizing its online) that is difficult to guarantee, follow-up vehicle is difficult to obtain immediately accident information when taking place for accident like this, and the driver of back still has little time to handle;
(2) this vehicle-mounted machine must be provided with and very high-powerly could carry out radio communication with the center, in order to send as early as possible and acquired information, wireless transmission circuit must be in high-power transmit status constantly, so its battery capacity and volume all make this vehicle-mounted machine can't enter degree of being practical.
5. its claim 1 of highway visa card (application number 200820111265.9) with accident early warning function is:
1, a kind of highway visa card with accident early warning function, mainly formed by card body and the GPS positioning chip, GSM mobile communication positioning chip, cpu chip, battery and the automatic charge power supply that are positioned at the card body, it is characterized in that: in the card body, also be provided with the curing recording chip and a Microspeaker that can receive cpu chip instruction playback, solidify recording chip and be connected with Microspeaker.
Shortcoming: the same with precedent, reaction velocity can't ensure, battery capacity with " card " and volume can't reach practicability.
6. based on the highway collision detecting system (application number 200910103434.3) of wireless sensor network
The utility model discloses highway collision detecting system, comprise highway barrier based on wireless sensor network; It is characterized in that: mainly form by voice signal detecting sensor, signal Processing and central control unit, wireless sensor network apparatus, electrical energy devices and data sending device; The voice signal detecting sensor is arranged in the described highway barrier, and the voice signal detecting sensor is transported to the sound that transmits in the highway barrier of collecting in signal Processing and the central control unit by wired or wireless mode; Be the two-way signaling transmission relation between signal Processing and central control unit and the wireless sensor network apparatus, electrical energy devices is to signal Processing and central control unit supply electric energy; It between data sending device and signal Processing and the central control unit two-way signaling transmission relation.
Shortcoming: require to install on highway guardrail on the way big amount detecting device, its energy, cost and maintenance all can't reach the degree of practicability.
In sum, in fact the present domestic technology that can comprehensively, effectively solve a traffic accidents difficult problem of still not having belongs to technological gap.
The utility model content
In view of above-mentioned, a kind of road traffic accident prevention and control Internet of Things of the present utility model, adopt modern GPS location technology, crash sensor, state-of-the-art technology and methods such as ad-hoc wireless sensing network, effective prevention and control pernicious traffic hazard of above Modern High-Speed highway also adapts to its characteristics, can the accident generation utmost point in the short time (0.06 second) accident information is directly sent to follow-up vehicle to prevent the serious accident that shunts into one another, and continue to send information to each charge station, administrative center, so that in time take the relief measure, can in time remind the driver's spacing and the speed of a motor vehicle etc., effectively avoid the pernicious traffic hazard of highway to take place.
A kind of road traffic accident prevention and control Internet of Things of the present utility model is achieved in that
Form by administrative center's treating apparatus, vehicle in and out port treating apparatus, onboard wireless sensing device, it is characterized in that:
Described administrative center treating apparatus links to each other with the vehicle in and out port treating apparatus by wired or wireless network, to obtain and to handle road conditions and accident information;
Described vehicle in and out port treating apparatus comprises computer, wireless transmitter, onboard wireless sensing device charging module, and wireless transmitter links to each other with described computer, and carries out radio communication with described onboard wireless sensing device;
Described onboard wireless sensing device comprises single-chip microcomputer and coupled GPS locating module, radio receiving transmitting module, crash sensor, voice reminder module, display module, battery supply module.
Described a kind of road traffic accident prevention and control Internet of Things also comprises: the alcohol sensing module, and link to each other with described single-chip microcomputer.
From the above mentioned, a kind of road traffic accident prevention and control Internet of Things of the present utility model has thoroughly overcome in the prior art shortcomings such as reaction velocity is slow and impracticable, has following a series of fairly obvious advantage:
(1) attainable major function
1. moment warning synchronously automatically takes place in traffic accident:
Notify back every chassis driver that travels in the same way to slow down jogging immediately to stop a chain of the collision
Notify center (all cash desks, traffic rescue, medical first aid center) location of accident efficiently to succour immediately
2. exception parking is reported to the police automatically and is sought help: be similar to above-mentioned functions and handle
3. spacing, vehicle speed alarm: according to different weather, time period, spacing and hypervelocity alarm point (hypervelocity can be done record violating the regulations automatically) are set automatically, take place to stop this type of accident
4. overtake other vehicles and pointed out by overtaking process: the accident of avoiding overtaking other vehicles takes place
5. warm voice suggestion: pre-anti-fatigue-driving, highway hypnosis, drive absent-minded
6. drunk driving caution: (can do record violating the regulations automatically)
7. only need be by a button, response at once:
At any time to administrative center's distress call
At any time seek help to administrative center
8. automatic charging, vehicle flowrate are monitored, DYNAMIC DISTRIBUTION figure etc. is driven a vehicle on the road surface
(2) principal feature
1. clear voice suggestion, flashing light prompting
2. system is simple, reliable: the safe driving elfin need not any installation, can be placed on pilothouse conveniently, can adopt and keep away the elastic flame material of staggering along, and realizes the dynamic circulation use in each charge station
3. ultrafast response speed: the follow-up vehicle of colliding in 0.06 second just can promptly be warned
4. not influenced by weather extremes such as dense fog, sleet
5. Intelligent treatment: according to safe driving spacing and speed limit (automatically according to " People's Republic of China's law on road traffic safety implementing regulations " predetermined processing) are set automatically at greasy weather, rainy day, snow sky, night etc.
6. build fast: need not laying-out and set up highway facilities, only need at each automatic networked devices of configuration rescue centre of charge station, expense is low, and is ultrafast
7. be easy to management, maintenance cost is low
8. do not influence existing Fare Collection System, this function can be merged yet
(3) meaning: contribution to society and economic benefit
1. traffic accidents rate: be expected to reduce more than the 80%-90%
2. the dead quantity of the pernicious traffic hazard of highway: be expected to reduce more than the 80%-90%
3. reduction direct and consequential damage: be expected to reduce more than the 80%-90%
4. produce market: 51.7 hundred million yuan
5. can be country pays taxes: 5.7 hundred million yuan
6. but solving employment: 73914 people/years
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the theory diagram of car-mounted device in a kind of road traffic accident prevention and control Internet of Things typical case case study on implementation of the present utility model.
Fig. 2 is the software approach process flow diagram of a kind of road traffic accident prevention and control Internet of Things typical case case study on implementation of the present utility model.
Embodiment
A typical case study on implementation of a kind of road traffic accident prevention and control Internet of Things of the present utility model is described as follows:
This road traffic accident prevention and control Internet of Things is made up of administrative center's treating apparatus, vehicle in and out port treating apparatus, onboard wireless sensing device; The onboard wireless sensing device is given each car and can be placed on pilothouse conveniently the granting of highway inlet, reclaims in the exit recycling, and
Administrative center's treating apparatus is made up of network computer (perhaps server), links to each other with the vehicle in and out port treating apparatus by wired or wireless internet, to obtain and to handle road conditions and accident information.
The vehicle in and out port treating apparatus comprises network computer, wireless transmitter, onboard wireless sensing device charging module, wireless transmitter links to each other with described computer (perhaps server), and carry out radio communication with described onboard wireless sensing device, information is sent to this network computer handles, onboard wireless sensing device charging module charges to the onboard wireless sensing device that reclaims.
Referring to Fig. 1, described onboard wireless sensing device comprises single-chip microcomputer 1 and coupled GPS locating module 2, radio receiving transmitting module 3, crash sensor 4, voice reminder module 5, display module 6, battery supply module 7 and alcohol sensing module 8.Radio receiving transmitting module adopts modern self-organization low-consumption wireless sensing net module, and as ZigBee, information can communicate with each other.Obtain positional information by the GPS locating module, communicate by letter with the vehicle in and out port treating apparatus with other car-mounted device by radio receiving transmitting module, crash sensor detects information such as Vehicular impact, the voice reminder module to the driver and conductor voice messaging is provided, by display module to driver and conductor's display reminding information, by the battery supply module for power supply, have or not by alcohol sensing module test driver and to drink, carry out information processing by single-chip microcomputer.The battery that uses in the battery supply module is rechargeable battery (also can adopt other type cell), display module sampling the simplest pilot lamp (also can take other display device, as LCD).
A kind of road traffic accident prevention and control Internet of Things typical case case study on implementation of the present utility model can be realized in conjunction with following software approach:
Comprise administrative center's processing module, vehicle in and out port processing module, onboard wireless sensing processing module, and
Described administrative center processing module is concentrated road conditions and accident information and is handled;
Described vehicle in and out port processing module is handled and is uploaded administrative center, communicates to be provided with and to obtain information with described onboard wireless sensing device road conditions and accident information;
Referring to Fig. 2, described onboard wireless sensing processing module comprises spacing calculating and processing module, speed of a motor vehicle calculating and processing module, collision perception and processing module, alcohol perception and processing module, exception parking perception and processing module, voice reminder module, display alarm module, transinformation module each other.Initialization information (as which inlet, driving path, climate condition, pavement behavior etc.) need be set when highway enters the mouth, when highway exports, then collect necessary information (as from that inlet, traffic safety information etc.).Can calculate this vehicle speed, spacing by the GPS locating information of accepting this car and front car, and whether impression has exception parking, know whether this car crashes, can know by alcohol perception and processing module whether the driver drinks by collision perception and processing module, can know the information that send other information of vehicles and highway gateway by transinformation module each other.When above abnormal conditions take place, or when receiving the important information of sending in other vehicle or highway gateway, just start corresponding voice and display reminding by voice reminder module, display alarm module.

Claims (2)

1. a road traffic accident prevention and control Internet of Things is made up of administrative center's treating apparatus, vehicle in and out port treating apparatus, onboard wireless sensing device, it is characterized in that:
Described administrative center treating apparatus links to each other with the vehicle in and out port treating apparatus by wired or wireless network, to obtain and to handle road conditions and accident information;
Described vehicle in and out port treating apparatus comprises computer, wireless transmitter, onboard wireless sensing device charging module, and wireless transmitter links to each other with described computer, and carries out radio communication with described onboard wireless sensing device;
Described onboard wireless sensing device comprises single-chip microcomputer and coupled GPS locating module, radio receiving transmitting module, crash sensor, voice reminder module, display module, battery supply module.
2. a kind of road traffic accident prevention and control Internet of Things according to claim 1 is characterized in that described onboard wireless sensing device also comprises: the alcohol sensing module, and link to each other with described single-chip microcomputer.
CN2011200106845U 2011-01-04 2011-01-04 Road traffic accident prevention and control internet of things Expired - Fee Related CN201936457U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102291420A (en) * 2011-01-04 2011-12-21 许春香 Internet of things capable of preventing and controlling highway traffic accidents and method thereof
CN103730020A (en) * 2014-01-17 2014-04-16 中国联合网络通信集团有限公司 Traffic accident early warning method and device
CN103914995A (en) * 2014-03-28 2014-07-09 南京邮电大学 Traffic safety control method based on wireless network

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102291420A (en) * 2011-01-04 2011-12-21 许春香 Internet of things capable of preventing and controlling highway traffic accidents and method thereof
CN103730020A (en) * 2014-01-17 2014-04-16 中国联合网络通信集团有限公司 Traffic accident early warning method and device
CN103730020B (en) * 2014-01-17 2015-12-30 中国联合网络通信集团有限公司 Traffic hazard method for early warning and device
CN103914995A (en) * 2014-03-28 2014-07-09 南京邮电大学 Traffic safety control method based on wireless network
CN103914995B (en) * 2014-03-28 2015-10-28 南京邮电大学 A kind of traffic safety control method based on wireless network

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
ASS Succession or assignment of patent right

Owner name: JIANGSU SUMEILUN INTELLIGENT TECHNOLOGY CO., LTD.

Free format text: FORMER OWNER: XU CHUNXIANG

Effective date: 20120828

COR Change of bibliographic data

Free format text: CORRECT: ADDRESS; FROM: 410001 CHANGSHA, HUNAN PROVINCE TO: 210014 NANJING, JIANGSU PROVINCE

Free format text: CORRECT: INVENTOR; FROM: ZHANG ENDI XU CHUNXIANG TO: ZHANG ENDI XU CHUNXIANG XU ZHI

C41 Transfer of patent application or patent right or utility model
TR01 Transfer of patent right

Effective date of registration: 20120828

Address after: The four floor No. 1 Baixia high-tech talent 321 building 210014 Guanghua Road Nanjing city Jiangsu Province

Patentee after: Jiangsu Sumeilun Intelligent Technology Co., Ltd.

Address before: 410001 4 Hualian homes, North Station Road, Hunan, Changsha 1106

Patentee before: Xu Chunxiang

CB03 Change of inventor or designer information

Inventor after: Zhang Endi

Inventor after: Xu Chunxiang

Inventor after: Xu Zhi

Inventor before: Zhang Endi

Inventor before: Xu Chunxiang

C53 Correction of patent for invention or patent application
DD01 Delivery of document by public notice

Addressee: Jiangsu Sumeilun Intelligent Technology Co., Ltd.

Document name: Notification of Termination of Patent Right

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20110817

Termination date: 20170104