CN201934545U - Clutch - Google Patents

Clutch Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201934545U
CN201934545U CN2011200340804U CN201120034080U CN201934545U CN 201934545 U CN201934545 U CN 201934545U CN 2011200340804 U CN2011200340804 U CN 2011200340804U CN 201120034080 U CN201120034080 U CN 201120034080U CN 201934545 U CN201934545 U CN 201934545U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
baffle
friction plate
clutch
cover
plate
Prior art date
Application number
CN2011200340804U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
黄胜
曾建
Original Assignee
重庆帅昌机械制造有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 重庆帅昌机械制造有限公司 filed Critical 重庆帅昌机械制造有限公司
Priority to CN2011200340804U priority Critical patent/CN201934545U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN201934545U publication Critical patent/CN201934545U/en

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Abstract

The utility model provides a clutch, which comprises driving friction plates and driven friction plates, wherein the driving friction plates are arranged on a housing in the radial direction, and the driven friction plates are arranged on a central sleeve in the radial direction; the driving friction plates and the driven friction plates are arranged in parallel in a cross manner; a first baffle and a second baffle which can shift relatively are arranged at two ends of an assembling groove; the driving friction plates and the driven friction plates are arranged between the first baffle and the second baffle; an elastic device is arranged between the first baffle and the second baffle, and can drive the first baffle and the second baffle to shift relatively; raceway grooves are formed on the housing in the radial direction; the side walls of the raceway grooves can transit from wide groove ends to narrow groove ends in a gradual shrink manner from minor diameter to major diameter of the housing; the narrow groove ends are arranged on the side of the first baffle; and rolling bodies that are held in the raceway grooves can be propped against the first baffle selectively. Therefore, the clutch can effectively avoid the problem of potential safety hazards caused by delayed operation.

Description

Clutch
Technical field
The utility model relates to the locomotive transmission field, relates to a kind of clutch more specifically.
Background technique
Along with continuous progress in science and technology, the application of Motor Vehicle more and more widely simultaneously, has driven the continuous progress of locomotive drive technology.Following content will be elaborated with clutch with agricultural ploughing machine.
In the prior art, clutch comprise the axes sleeve that is clamped in the agricultural ploughing machine driven shaft, radially be arranged at axes sleeve and can drive that this axes sleeve rotates from movable friction plate, selectable with this from the contacted active friction plate of movable friction plate.Above-mentioned active friction plate and above-mentioned from the equal radial arrangement of movable friction plate in the fitting recess of outer cover, and the two is arranged in a crossed manner, when applying to the two when making its power of drawing close direction mutually, the two can be in contact with one another; Wherein, active friction plate rotates with the rotation of outer cover, when active friction plate with when movable friction plate contacts, active friction plate can drive from movable friction plate and rotate with outer cover.Above-mentioned outer cover is connected with the tray joint shaft relative fixed of clutch and has same rotating center with tray joint shaft; Tray joint shaft is connected with agricultural ploughing machine driving shaft relative fixed, and rotates with driving shaft.
Therefore, active friction plate rotates with the agricultural ploughing machine driving shaft.When agricultural ploughing machine travelled, driving shaft drove active friction plate and rotates with it, at this moment, active friction plate with closely contact from movable friction plate, by the frictional force action of the two, the active friction plate drive is rotated from movable friction plate.Because, can provide the axes sleeve torque from movable friction plate, rotate thereby drive axes sleeve, and then drive the rotation of agricultural ploughing machine driven shaft from movable friction plate.
In the prior art, active friction plate with between the movable friction plate by driver's Joystick to realize the two contact of control or to separate.Therefore, when agricultural ploughing machine is run into dangerous situation, need the staff operating grip, agricultural ploughing machine is stopped controlling active friction plate and to be separated from movable friction plate.Yet under the more urgent situation of danger, the driver has little time operating grip, and then causes dangerous generation.
Therefore, clutch how to stop prior art becomes present technique field personnel important technological problems to be solved because of operating the untimely security hidden trouble that brings.
The model utility content
According to above-mentioned technical problem, the utility model provides a kind of clutch, and its clutch that can effectively evade prior art is because of operating the untimely security hidden trouble that brings.
The clutch that the utility model provides, comprise the active friction plate that radially is arranged at outer cover and radially be arranged at central sleeve from movable friction plate, and the two is arranged in a crossed manner side by side, but the two ends of described fitting recess are provided with first baffle plate and the second baffle of relative displacement, described active friction plate and describedly be arranged between described first plate washer and the described second baffle from movable friction plate, and have the elastic device that can drive the two relative displacement between described first baffle plate and the described second baffle; Described outer cover radially is provided with the raceway groove, and the sidewall of described raceway groove is tapered to narrow groove end along path to the big footpath direction of described outer cover by the sipes end, described narrow groove end is arranged at the avris of described first baffle plate, and selectable and described first baffle plate of rolling element that is placed in described raceway groove connects.
Preferably, described fitting recess is provided with the limit position part that the described second baffle of restriction breaks away from described fitting recess.
Preferably, described limit position part is a jump ring.
Preferably, described elastic device is a spring.
Preferably, described outer cover has directional post, and described spring shackle winding places described directional post.
Preferably, described rolling element is a steel ball, and described diameter of the steel ball is less than the distance between the two side of the sipes end of described raceway groove, and greater than the distance between the two side of the narrow groove end of described raceway groove.
The clutch that the utility model provides, comprise radially be arranged at outer cover fitting recess in from movable friction plate and active friction plate, but the two ends of described fitting recess are provided with first baffle plate and the second baffle of relative displacement, described active friction plate and describedly be arranged between described first plate washer and the described second baffle from movable friction plate, and have the elastic device that can drive the two relative displacement between described first baffle plate and the described second baffle; Described outer cover radially is provided with the raceway groove, and the sidewall of described raceway groove is tapered to narrow groove end along path to the big footpath direction of described outer cover by the sipes end, described narrow groove end is arranged at the avris of described first baffle plate, and selectable and described first baffle plate of rolling element that is placed in described raceway groove connects.So be provided with, when driving shaft drive outer cover reaches certain rotating speed, under the driving of centrifugal force, rolling element rolls to the big footpath of described outer cover direction along the raceway groove, when rolling element when the raceway groove is moved to the narrow groove end of raceway groove, the rolling element and first baffle plate connect, rolling element applies the driving force of first baffle plate along the fitting recess displacement of outer cover, therefore, first baffle plate pushes active friction plate along the fitting recess displacement and from movable friction plate, so that the two tight contact.And then, drive from the movable friction plate rotation by active friction plate, thereby realized that driving shaft drives the purpose that driven shaft rotates.When speed drive shaft reduces, because rolling element institute centrifugalization power descends, its by the narrow groove end movement of raceway groove to the sipes end, first baffle plate lose and rolling element between interaction force, recover at elastic device under the driving of deformation effect power, first baffle plate is along the direction displacement away from second baffle, and then, active friction plate with break away from mutually from movable friction plate, driven shaft stops operating.Therefore, the clutch that the utility model provides, do not need people's handling so that active friction plate with separate from movable friction plate, effectively avoided the prior art clutch because of operating the problem of the untimely potential safety hazard of bringing.
In preferred version of the present utility model, described fitting recess is provided with the limit position part that the described second baffle of restriction breaks away from described fitting recess.So be provided with, second baffle is limited in the described fitting recess by described limit position part, when effectively having avoided it to be subjected to spring to recover deformation effect power, breaks away from described fitting recess.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a clutch cross-sectional view described in the embodiment;
Fig. 2 is a cover structure schematic representation described in the embodiment;
Fig. 3 is a clutch A bilge construction enlarged diagram.
Embodiment
Core of the present utility model provides a kind of clutch, and it can effectively evade clutch of the prior art because of operating the untimely security hidden trouble that brings.
In order to make present technique field personnel better understand the utility model scheme, the utility model content is described in detail below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments.
Please refer to Fig. 1 and Fig. 2, Fig. 1 is a clutch cross-sectional view described in the embodiment, and Fig. 2 is a cover structure schematic representation described in the embodiment.
Clutch provided in the present embodiment, comprise in the fitting recess 111 that is arranged at outer cover 11 active friction plate 12 and from movable friction plate 13.
Need to prove that above-mentioned outer cover 11 means the parts that are connected with clutch tray joint shaft 14 relative fixed, its shaft center line overlaps with the shaft center line of tray joint shaft 14.Above-mentioned tray joint shaft 14 means the parts that are connected with Motor Vehicle driving shaft (not shown) relative fixed, and rotates with Motor Vehicle driving shaft (not shown).
Please refer to Fig. 3, Fig. 3 is a clutch A bilge construction enlarged diagram.
Above-mentioned active friction plate 12 and fitting recess 111 inside that all radially are arranged at outer cover 11 from movable friction plate 13, wherein active friction plate 12 has annexation with fitting recess 111, and active friction plate 12 rotates with the rotation of outer cover 11.Need to prove active friction plate 12 and arranged in a crossed manner side by side in fitting recess 111 from movable friction plate 13, the two can be fitted under the driving force effect mutually.
Need to prove, above-mentionedly radially be connected in central sleeve 15 from movable friction plate 13.This place's central sleeve 15 means the parts that are socketed on Motor Vehicle driven shaft (not shown), has same shaft center line from movable friction plate 13 and central sleeve 15.When active friction plate 12 with when movable friction plate 13 is in contact with one another, the two has big frictional force, thereby, from movable friction plate 13 under the driving of active friction plate 12, can rotate with active friction plate 12, and then, drive central sleeve 15 from movable friction plate 13 and rotate synchronously.
In this embodiment, the two ends of fitting recess 111 are respectively arranged with first baffle plate 161 and second baffle 162.Need to prove, active friction plate 12 and all be arranged between this first baffle plate 161 and the second baffle 162 from movable friction plate 13, first baffle plate 161 and second baffle 162 can be along fitting recess 111 relative displacements.Be provided with the elastic device 17 that the two relative displacement driving force is provided between the two.
Clutch provided in the present embodiment, its outer cover 11 radially is provided with raceway groove 112, and this raceway groove 112 has sipes end 1121 and narrow groove end 1122, is tapered to narrow groove end 1122 along path to the big footpath direction sipes end 1121 of outer cover 11.Need to prove that this raceway groove 112 is surrounded jointly by the outer cover 11 and first baffle plate 161, above-mentioned narrow groove end 1122 is arranged at the avris of first baffle plate 161.
It is pointed out that to be equipped with rolling element 18 in the raceway groove 112, it is pointed out that this rolling element 18 can roll along raceway groove 112, and it is when being rolled into narrow groove end 1122, rolling element 18 can connect with first baffle plate 161.
So be provided with, when driving shaft (not shown) drive outer cover 11 reaches certain rotating speed, under the driving of centrifugal force, rolling element 18 can roll to the big footpath of outer cover 11 direction along raceway groove 112, when rolling element 18 when raceway groove 112 is moved to the narrow groove end 1122 of raceway groove 112, the rolling element 18 and first baffle plate 161 connect, rolling element 18 applies the driving force of first baffle plate 161 along fitting recess 112 displacements of outer cover 11, therefore, first baffle plate 161 push along the fitting recess displacement active friction plate 12 with from movable friction plate 13 so that the two tight contact.And then, drive from movable friction plate 13 rotations by active friction plate 12, thereby realized that the driving shaft (not shown) drives the purpose that the driven shaft (not shown) is rotated.
When the rotating speed of driving shaft (not shown) reduces, because 18 centrifugalization power of rolling element diminish, its narrow groove end 1122 by raceway groove 112 is moved to sipes end 1121, first baffle plate 161 lose and rolling element 18 between interaction force, recover at elastic device 17 under the driving of deformation effect power, first baffle plate 161 is along the direction displacement away from second baffle 162, and then, active friction plate 12 with break away from mutually from movable friction plate 13, the driven shaft (not shown) stops operating.Therefore, the clutch that the utility model provides, do not need people's handling so that active friction plate 12 with separate from movable friction plate 13, effectively evaded the prior art clutch because of operating the problem of the untimely potential safety hazard that exists.
For first baffle plate 161 and second baffle 162 are arranged in the fitting recess 111 of outer cover 11 reliably, can be provided with limit position part 19 in the outboard end of second baffle 162 relative fitting recess 111.Limit position part 19 can be specially jump ring 191 in this embodiment, certainly, also can be other limit position part.It specifically can followingly be provided with, and outer cover 11 can be provided with the draw-in groove (not shown) suitable with jump ring 191, and jump ring is arranged at the end of outer cover 11 by this draw-in groove.
So be provided with, jump ring 191 can stop effectively that second baffle 162 and fitting recess 111 break away from, and then, effectively guaranteed second baffle 162, first baffle plate 161 and inner active friction plate 12 and from the assembly reliability of movable friction plate 13.
Need to prove that above-mentioned elastic device 17 can be specially spring 171, certainly, also can be other elastic device.The spring 171 that provides in order to make in this embodiment has more stability, and outer cover 11 can be provided with directional post 172, and spring 171 is surrounded on the outer circumferential face of this directional post 172.So be provided with, spring 171 can effectively have been avoided problems such as its resiliently deformable track distortion along these directional post 172 direction displacements when elastic strain takes place for it under directional post 172 leading roles.Directional post 172 provided in the present embodiment has more stability when therefore, can make spring 171 that elastic strain takes place.
In the preferred version of this embodiment, above-mentioned rolling element 18 can be specially steel ball 181.Need to prove that the diameter of steel ball 181 is greater than the distance between the two side of the narrow groove end 1122 of raceway groove 112, and less than the distance between the two side of sipes end 1121.So be provided with, when steel ball 181 was positioned at narrow groove end 1122, it can be subjected to the extruding of raceway groove 112 sidewalls, and then, make it produce extruding forces to first baffle plate 161.When driving shaft (not shown) speed descends and since sipes end 1121 two sides between distance greater than steel ball 181 diameters, steel ball 181 can be moved to sipes end 1121 smoothly, and disengages with first baffle plate 161.
Need to prove that outer cover 11 provided in the present embodiment can form with steel plate cold stamping with central sleeve 15.So be provided with, effectively improved the abrasion resistance of outer cover 11, improve its working life greatly with central sleeve 15.Certainly, active friction plate 12 is required to be high-abrasive material with material from movable friction plate 13 in this embodiment, so can effectively guarantee the working life of the two.
More than a kind of clutch provided by the utility model is described in detail, used specific case herein principle of the present utility model and mode of execution are set forth, above embodiment's explanation just is used for helping to understand method of the present utility model and core concept thereof.Should be understood that; for those skilled in the art; under the prerequisite that does not break away from the utility model principle, can also carry out some improvement and modification to the utility model, these improvement and modification also fall in the protection domain of the utility model claim.

Claims (6)

1. clutch, comprise the active friction plate that radially is arranged at outer cover and radially be arranged at central sleeve from movable friction plate, and the two is arranged in a crossed manner side by side, it is characterized in that, but the two ends of described fitting recess are provided with first baffle plate and the second baffle of relative displacement, described active friction plate and describedly be arranged between described first plate washer and the described second baffle from movable friction plate, and have the elastic device that can drive the two relative displacement between described first baffle plate and the described second baffle; Described outer cover radially is provided with the raceway groove, and the sidewall of described raceway groove is tapered to narrow groove end along path to the big footpath direction of described outer cover by the sipes end, described narrow groove end is arranged at the avris of described first baffle plate, and selectable and described first baffle plate of rolling element that is placed in described raceway groove connects.
2. clutch as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that, described fitting recess is provided with the limit position part that the described second baffle of restriction breaks away from described fitting recess.
3. clutch as claimed in claim 2 is characterized in that, described limit position part is a jump ring.
4. clutch as claimed in claim 3 is characterized in that, described elastic device is a spring.
5. clutch as claimed in claim 4 is characterized in that described outer cover has directional post, and described spring shackle winding places described directional post.
6. clutch as claimed in claim 5 is characterized in that, described rolling element is a steel ball, and described diameter of the steel ball is less than the distance between the two side of the sipes end of described raceway groove, and greater than the distance between the two side of the narrow groove end of described raceway groove.
CN2011200340804U 2011-01-31 2011-01-31 Clutch CN201934545U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011200340804U CN201934545U (en) 2011-01-31 2011-01-31 Clutch

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011200340804U CN201934545U (en) 2011-01-31 2011-01-31 Clutch

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN201934545U true CN201934545U (en) 2011-08-17

Family

ID=44446064

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2011200340804U CN201934545U (en) 2011-01-31 2011-01-31 Clutch

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN201934545U (en)

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103277427A (en) * 2013-05-22 2013-09-04 马加良 Conical disc type automatic clutch
CN103895799A (en) * 2014-04-17 2014-07-02 毛泽彬 Automatic speed changing system
CN103912605A (en) * 2014-04-17 2014-07-09 毛泽彬 Automatic transmission clutch
CN106065905A (en) * 2015-04-24 2016-11-02 杨裕修 Has the automobile-used dry clutch of saddle of the coaxial passive clutch-plate of stationary plane contact
CN106912213A (en) * 2017-02-23 2017-07-04 洛阳理工学院 A kind of dry type friction plate PTO and its control method for agricultural machinery

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103277427A (en) * 2013-05-22 2013-09-04 马加良 Conical disc type automatic clutch
CN103895799A (en) * 2014-04-17 2014-07-02 毛泽彬 Automatic speed changing system
CN103912605A (en) * 2014-04-17 2014-07-09 毛泽彬 Automatic transmission clutch
CN106065905A (en) * 2015-04-24 2016-11-02 杨裕修 Has the automobile-used dry clutch of saddle of the coaxial passive clutch-plate of stationary plane contact
CN106912213A (en) * 2017-02-23 2017-07-04 洛阳理工学院 A kind of dry type friction plate PTO and its control method for agricultural machinery

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Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20110817

Termination date: 20130131

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee