CN201913105U - Municipal house refuse energy treating system - Google Patents

Municipal house refuse energy treating system Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN201913105U
CN201913105U CN2010206196766U CN201020619676U CN201913105U CN 201913105 U CN201913105 U CN 201913105U CN 2010206196766 U CN2010206196766 U CN 2010206196766U CN 201020619676 U CN201020619676 U CN 201020619676U CN 201913105 U CN201913105 U CN 201913105U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
equipment
anaerobic fermentation
rdf
treatment
domestic waste
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN2010206196766U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李涛
唐向阳
高国涛
孙旭海
房镇
杨斌
张洪健
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Yunnan Kunming Shipbuilding Design and Research Institute
Original Assignee
Yunnan Kunming Shipbuilding Design and Research Institute
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Yunnan Kunming Shipbuilding Design and Research Institute filed Critical Yunnan Kunming Shipbuilding Design and Research Institute
Priority to CN2010206196766U priority Critical patent/CN201913105U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN201913105U publication Critical patent/CN201913105U/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C12BIOCHEMISTRY; BEER; SPIRITS; WINE; VINEGAR; MICROBIOLOGY; ENZYMOLOGY; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING
    • C12MAPPARATUS FOR ENZYMOLOGY OR MICROBIOLOGY; APPARATUS FOR CULTURING MICROORGANISMS FOR PRODUCING BIOMASS, FOR GROWING CELLS OR FOR OBTAINING FERMENTATION OR METABOLIC PRODUCTS, i.e. BIOREACTORS OR FERMENTERS
    • C12M21/00Bioreactors or fermenters specially adapted for specific uses
    • C12M21/04Bioreactors or fermenters specially adapted for specific uses for producing gas, e.g. biogas
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C12BIOCHEMISTRY; BEER; SPIRITS; WINE; VINEGAR; MICROBIOLOGY; ENZYMOLOGY; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING
    • C12MAPPARATUS FOR ENZYMOLOGY OR MICROBIOLOGY; APPARATUS FOR CULTURING MICROORGANISMS FOR PRODUCING BIOMASS, FOR GROWING CELLS OR FOR OBTAINING FERMENTATION OR METABOLIC PRODUCTS, i.e. BIOREACTORS OR FERMENTERS
    • C12M45/00Means for pre-treatment of biological substances
    • C12M45/04Phase separators; Separation of non fermentable material; Fractionation
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E50/00Technologies for the production of fuel of non-fossil origin
    • Y02E50/10Biofuels, e.g. bio-diesel
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E50/00Technologies for the production of fuel of non-fossil origin
    • Y02E50/30Fuel from waste, e.g. synthetic alcohol or diesel
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/40Bio-organic fraction processing; Production of fertilisers from the organic fraction of waste or refuse

Abstract

The utility model provides a municipal house refuse energy treating system, relates to a house refuse energy treating system, and in particular relates to the energy treating system which performs the separation and the anaerobic fermentation to the house refuse and derives refuse derived fuel by the combustible material. The municipal house refuse treating system consists of feeding equipment, bag breaking and large piece separating equipment, screening equipment, magnetic separating equipment, wind separating equipment, refuse derived fuel (RDF) raw material pretreating equipment, RDF forming equipment and an anaerobic fermentation treating system. The municipal house refuse energy treating system is characterized in that the feeding equipment, the bag breaking and large piece separating equipment, the screening equipment, the magnetic separating equipment, the wind separating equipment, the RDF raw material pretreating equipment and the RDF forming equipment are sequentially connected with one another by transporting equipment; and the anaerobic fermentation treating system is connected with the screening equipment by the transporting equipment. The treatment of the municipal house refuse is converted to the centralized treatment in an engineering way on a large scale, so that the use ratio of the energy treatment of the municipal house refuse is improved, the running cost is reduced, and the combined revenues is obviously improved.

Description

A kind of domestic waste energy treatment system
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of turning household garbage into energy treatment system, relates in particular to the energy treatment system that house refuse can be carried out sorting, anaerobic fermentation processing and combustible system garbage derivatived fuel.
Background technology
At present the processing mode of China's domestic waste is mainly sanitary landfills, burning and compost, and domestic waste harmless treatment rate is about 62% according to statistics, and wherein 50.6% be landfill, and 9.4% is burning, and 1.6% is compost.These three kinds of processing modes differ from one another and adaptability, but also come with some shortcomings.Landfill disposal has the place to handle and the antiseepage difficulty of construction is big, landfill gas is utilized problem of difficult, and because the leachate that produces behind the garbage loading embeading may cause long-term pollution serious, that be difficult to expect fully to underground water, developed country is tending towards reducing this method of application at present; The shortcoming of compost treatment be take up an area of big, the cycle is long, the temperature, the humidity effect that are subjected to environment, directly compost also has that fertilizer quality is poor, the content of organic matter is low, content of beary metal is high, pollutes crops, enters human food chain, and then the mankind are worked the mischief.The burning disposal cost of investment is higher and easily produce flue dust with bioxin pollutes, aerobic compost has been ignored problems such as energy recovery utilization, is the hot issue that various circles of society pay close attention to, and also is a difficult problem that needs to be resolved hurrily in the rubbish processing to be harmless always.
The garbage derivatived fuel RDF (Refuse Derived Fuel) that rises can be used as the fuel of heating boiler, electricity generation boiler, cement kiln at present.Lime-ash after the burning can be used as the active ingredient of making cement, and for the resource of rubbish has been widened road, along with fast development of national economy, the energy demand of China constantly enlarges.But because build and operation cost too high, being suitable for of garbage incinerating power plant, used in the middle of populous flourishing city, this has just restricted the recovery energy of small and medium-sized cities house refuses greatly.House refuse is effectively classified, and its combustible component is used for making solid-state garbage derivatived fuel, solid fuel is concentrated the burning electricity generation factory or the factory's boiler that are transported to nearby to use again, and just the waste energy regeneration for small and medium-sized cities provides a new road.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is the deficiency that overcomes existing urban garbage disposal system; provide a kind of integrated application automation sorting technology, anaerobic fermentation technology, New-type refuse vehicle derivatived fuel production technology to carry out the system that the domestic waste energy is handled; house refuse is converted into recyclable resource carries out regeneration; to reduce the environmental pollution that house refuse is brought; preserve the ecological environment the system that the domestic waste energy that promotes sustainable development is handled.
Domestic waste energy treatment system described in the utility model is made of feeding device, broken bag and big part separation equipment, screening plant, magnetic plant, pneumatic separator, RDF pretreatment equipment, RDF former and anaerobic fermentation treatment system, feeding device, broken bag and big part separation equipment, screening plant, magnetic plant, pneumatic separator, RDF pretreatment equipment, RDF former connect by conveying equipment successively, and the anaerobic fermentation treatment system is connected with screening plant by conveying equipment.
Anaerobic fermentation treatment system described in the utility model is formed by connecting by conveying equipment by anaerobic fermentation mixing equipment, anaerobic fermentation feeder equipment, anaerobic fermentation treatment facility, anaerobic fermentation product solid-liquid separating equipment.
Described feeding device can be a kind of in board-like feeding device or the belt-type feeding device.
Described screening plant is the rotary screen subset, can be oversize and the particle diameter<80mm screenings of particle diameter>80mm with material screening;
Described RDF former adopts hot extrusion molding to produce the RDF fuel particle, the fuel particle of output is hard, structure is tight, and the shape size is in full accord, volume only is raw materials used 1/8, its heat can be suitable with common fire coal, but the discharging of burning is more much lower than common fire coal, can directly use, transports, store.
Described anaerobic fermentation mixing equipment is used for inoculum that organic waste and anaerobic fermentation is required etc. and mixes preliminary treatment, to improve the effect of follow-up fermentation process.
Described anaerobic fermentation feeder equipment adopts helical feed, and is connected with heater and can carries out heat treated to material.
But the horizontal type anaerobic fermentor that described anaerobic fermentation treatment facility is continuous feed, the shaft of band blade is equipped with in inside, mode convey materials in fermentor with plug flow, can satisfy the fermentation demand of high solid holdup material, fermentor has also disposed temperature, pH value automatic regulating system, fermentation materials can be controlled at optimum state, thereby shorten fermentation period, improve biogas output.
Anaerobic fermentation product solid-liquid separating equipment is a kind of in belt filter press or the centrifugal drier.
Compared with prior art, the utlity model has following advantage: because the utility model has adopted the automation sorting, domestic waste has been carried out effective classification before recycling treatment, divide in order directly to recycle thing, organic matter and combustible three major types, can improve the benefit of follow-up recycling.Because carrying out the high temperature dry-type anaerobic fermentation to organic waste, handles the utility model, make organic matter be converted into biogas and fertilizer, minimizing, the resource and innoxious of rubbish have been realized during the course, the anaerobic fermentation processing procedure is for aerobic compost, do not need oxygen, reduce power consumption, thereby processing cost effectively reduces, from the environmental benefit angle analysis, because rubbish is in the system of sealing, avoided foul smell and a large amount of CO2 gas, emission-free pollution makes native system tool comprehensive benefit preferably.The solid refuse derivatived fuel RDF that the system that utilizes domestic waste energy described in the utility model to handle produces is the granular product of diameter at 4-6mm, product particle is hard, structure is tight, and the shape size is in full accord, volume only is raw materials used 1/8, these fuel just can directly use, transport, store like this, and are used for burning electricity generation factory, enterprise's boiler etc. after can separating or mix pulverizing with fire coal.
The utility model can make the processing of domestic waste focus on transformation to through engineering approaches, scale, and the energy processing and utilizing rate of domestic waste is improved, and operation cost reduces, and comprehensive benefit significantly improves.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is an overall construction drawing of the present utility model.
Among the figure, 1-feeding device, 2-broken bag and big part separation equipment, the 3-screening plant, the 4-magnetic plant, 5-pneumatic separator, 6-RDF pretreatment equipment, the 7-RDF former, 8-anaerobic fermentation mixing equipment, 8-anaerobic fermentation feeder equipment, 10-anaerobic fermentation treatment facility, 11-anaerobic fermentation product solid-liquid separating equipment, 12-1,12-2,12-3,12-4,12-5,12-6-conveying equipment.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing the utility model is described in detail, but the utility model is not imposed any restrictions.
Embodiment 1
The system that domestic waste energy described in the utility model is handled is made of feeding device 1, broken bag and big part separation equipment 2, rotary screen subset 3, magnetic plant 4, pneumatic separator 5, RDF pretreatment equipment 6, RDF former 7, anaerobic fermentation mixing equipment 8, anaerobic fermentation feeder equipment 9, anaerobic fermentation treatment facility 10, anaerobic fermentation product solid-liquid separating equipment 11, conveying equipment (12-1,12-2,12-3,12-4,12-5,12-6).
Domestic waste is sent into broken bag equipment 2 through feeding device 1, broken bag and big part separation equipment 2 are at the packed characteristics of the many employings of China's domestic waste, bagged garbage can be carried out efficient broken bag handles, and large piece article separated, can reduce the load of follow-up separation and treatment facility, then material is sent into rotary screen subset 3, the organic matter of separating is sent into anaerobic fermentation material temporary storing bin, the material of other screening gained can effectively separate the ferromagnetic metal in the house refuse through magnetic plant 4, through the plastics of pneumatic separator 5 with lightweight, separation such as paper are come out; Separating obtained combustible is sent into RDF pretreatment equipment 6 and is carried out drying, broken, preliminary treatment such as batch mixing in proportion, then the combustible material that mixes is sent into RDF former 7, adopt hot extrusion molding to produce the RDF fuel particle, the product particle of gained is hard, structure is tight, and the shape size is in full accord, volume only is raw materials used 1/8, can directly use, transportation, storage, organic materials in the anaerobic fermentation material temporary storing bin is sent into anaerobic fermentation mixing equipment 8 by conveying equipment earlier, carry out mixing treatment and add the required auxiliary materials such as inoculum of anaerobic fermentation processing, send into anaerobic fermentation treatment facility 10 by anaerobic fermentation feeder equipment 9 then and carry out the anaerobic fermentation processing, but output biogas, natural pond slag and natural pond liquid, biogas can be used for generating, heat supply, air feed etc., natural pond slag and natural pond liquid carry out processed through anaerobic fermentation product solid-liquid separating equipment 11, part natural pond liquid is back to Zymolysis Equipment as inoculum, and the natural pond slag after all the other natural pond liquid and the dehydration can be made into organic fertilizer.
RDF production system of the present utility model adopts novel heat-conduction medium that material is carried out drying and handles, simultaneously material is heated to uniform temperature, alleviated the heating load of make-up machine, can quicken the thermosol of raw material, shortened the time that start preheating time and raw material stop in make-up machine, the RDF former adopts hot extrusion molding, in forming process, can make the composition of material produce chemical change, thereby reach the purpose of dechlorination and minimizing carbon dioxide content, reduce the noxious gas emission in the fuel particle later use.Anaerobic fermentation equipment of the present utility model adopts high temperature dry-type anaerobic fermentation principle to carry out the processing of organic materials, but continuous feed, fermentation period is short, high temperature in the sweat can be removed the harmful germ in the organic waste fully, the biogas output height, and the natural pond output of fluid is few, has reduced the cost that follow-up natural pond liquid is handled.The urban garbage disposal flow process that application the utility model carries out is under the prerequisite of paying attention to the reusable edible resource recycling; excavate the potentiality of house refuse aspect recovery energy to greatest extent; can make urban garbage disposal focus on transformation to through engineering approaches, scale; the resource utilization of domestic waste is improved; operation cost reduces, and comprehensive benefit significantly improves.

Claims (8)

1. domestic waste energy treatment system, constitute by feeding device, broken bag and big part separation equipment, screening plant, magnetic plant, pneumatic separator, RDF pretreatment equipment, RDF former and anaerobic fermentation treatment system, it is characterized in that, feeding device, broken bag and big part separation equipment, screening plant, magnetic plant, pneumatic separator, RDF pretreatment equipment, RDF former connect by conveying equipment successively, and the anaerobic fermentation treatment system is connected with screening plant by conveying equipment.
2. a kind of domestic waste energy treatment system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described anaerobic fermentation treatment system is formed by connecting by conveying equipment by anaerobic fermentation mixing equipment, anaerobic fermentation feeder equipment, anaerobic fermentation treatment facility, anaerobic fermentation product solid-liquid separating equipment.
3. a kind of domestic waste energy treatment system according to claim 1 is characterized in that, described feeding device can be a kind of in board-like feeding device or the belt-type feeding device.
4. a kind of domestic waste energy treatment system according to claim 1 is characterized in that described screening plant is the rotary screen subset, is oversize and the particle diameter<80mm screenings of particle diameter>80mm with material screening.
5. a kind of domestic waste energy treatment system according to claim 1 is characterized in that, described RDF former adopts hot extrusion molding equipment.
6. a kind of domestic waste energy treatment system according to claim 1 is characterized in that, described anaerobic fermentation feeder equipment adopts helical feed, and is connected with heater.
7. a kind of domestic waste energy treatment system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, but the horizontal type anaerobic fermentor that described anaerobic fermentation treatment facility is continuous feed, inside are equipped with the shaft of band blade, with mode convey materials in fermentor of plug flow.
8. a kind of domestic waste energy treatment system according to claim 1 is characterized in that, anaerobic fermentation product solid-liquid separating equipment is a kind of in belt filter press or the centrifugal drier.
CN2010206196766U 2010-11-23 2010-11-23 Municipal house refuse energy treating system Expired - Fee Related CN201913105U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010206196766U CN201913105U (en) 2010-11-23 2010-11-23 Municipal house refuse energy treating system

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010206196766U CN201913105U (en) 2010-11-23 2010-11-23 Municipal house refuse energy treating system

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN201913105U true CN201913105U (en) 2011-08-03

Family

ID=44412921

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2010206196766U Expired - Fee Related CN201913105U (en) 2010-11-23 2010-11-23 Municipal house refuse energy treating system

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN201913105U (en)

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103223416A (en) * 2012-01-29 2013-07-31 王自新 Method for producing combustible fuel
CN104607386A (en) * 2015-01-29 2015-05-13 无锡昊瑜节能环保设备有限公司 Waste wind power sorting treatment device
CN105032891A (en) * 2015-07-09 2015-11-11 大连惠川环保科技有限公司 Pyrolysis energy conversion method for fully recycling of household garbage
CN105060948A (en) * 2015-08-07 2015-11-18 周群刚 Technology for producing organic fertilizer from organic garbage
CN105665113A (en) * 2016-03-30 2016-06-15 成都菲斯普科技有限公司 Multipurpose garbage treatment device
CN106179025A (en) * 2016-08-30 2016-12-07 嘉善金亿精密铸件有限公司 A kind of raw material forming production line
CN106216350A (en) * 2016-07-25 2016-12-14 贵州毅腾环保科技有限公司 domestic garbage resource production method
CN110665936A (en) * 2019-09-23 2020-01-10 苏州市易柯露环保科技有限公司 Urban household garbage classification treatment method

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103223416A (en) * 2012-01-29 2013-07-31 王自新 Method for producing combustible fuel
CN104607386A (en) * 2015-01-29 2015-05-13 无锡昊瑜节能环保设备有限公司 Waste wind power sorting treatment device
CN105032891A (en) * 2015-07-09 2015-11-11 大连惠川环保科技有限公司 Pyrolysis energy conversion method for fully recycling of household garbage
CN105060948A (en) * 2015-08-07 2015-11-18 周群刚 Technology for producing organic fertilizer from organic garbage
CN105665113A (en) * 2016-03-30 2016-06-15 成都菲斯普科技有限公司 Multipurpose garbage treatment device
CN106216350A (en) * 2016-07-25 2016-12-14 贵州毅腾环保科技有限公司 domestic garbage resource production method
CN106216350B (en) * 2016-07-25 2019-03-15 贵州乾元盛世环保工程有限公司 Domestic garbage resource production method
CN106179025A (en) * 2016-08-30 2016-12-07 嘉善金亿精密铸件有限公司 A kind of raw material forming production line
CN110665936A (en) * 2019-09-23 2020-01-10 苏州市易柯露环保科技有限公司 Urban household garbage classification treatment method

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN201913105U (en) Municipal house refuse energy treating system
CN105855275B (en) A kind of processing method of sludge and kitchen garbage
CN101637778B (en) Comprehensive processing technology of organic wastes
CN1296150C (en) Process for treating urban house refuse using dry method cement production system
CN102319722A (en) Mixed municipal domestic garbage resource treatment process
CN105032891B (en) A kind of complete resource domestic garbage pyrolysis energy conversion method
CN102357516B (en) Linkage process of municipal waste pre-treatment and cement kiln resource comprehensive utilization and system thereof
CN101561143A (en) Pretreatment method before power generating by incinerating municipal solid waste
CN102615092B (en) A kind of municipal refuse treatment device and method
CN105886330A (en) Municipal domestic solid waste integrated treatment process system
CN101642766A (en) Town domestic garbage resource generation recycling environment-friendly treatment method
CN109761653A (en) A kind of house refuse and kitchen garbage biofermentation fertilizer manufacture
CN102489489A (en) Harmless comprehensive treatment process flow for municipal solid waste
CN102172602A (en) Novel biological treatment method for kitchen garbage
CN103911168A (en) Integral rapid carbonizing treatment technology for municipal waste
CN205183304U (en) Household refuse treatment device
CN101722173A (en) Integrated garbage treatment system
CN102504843A (en) Heat accumulation type fuel gas radiation pipe rotary hearth furnace domestic garbage dry distillation method
CN107962064A (en) A kind of house refuse produces day clear processing method daily
CN102049407A (en) Municipal bulk solid waste treatment industrial symbiotic system
CN110976472B (en) Kitchen waste and household waste co-processing method
CN105414158A (en) Anaerobic fermentation coupling and hydrothermal liquidation treatment method for kitchen waste
CN103551367A (en) Integrated municipal solid waste treatment method
CN101722174A (en) Method of integrated garbage treatment
CN203530270U (en) Refuse derived fuel production system based on bio-drying

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20110803

Termination date: 20191123