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Automatic collection device for fertilized egg of aquatic animals

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Publication number
CN201911178U
CN201911178U CN 201020685838 CN201020685838U CN201911178U CN 201911178 U CN201911178 U CN 201911178U CN 201020685838 CN201020685838 CN 201020685838 CN 201020685838 U CN201020685838 U CN 201020685838U CN 201911178 U CN201911178 U CN 201911178U
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CN
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Grant
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Prior art keywords
water
collection
fertilized
tank
eggs
Prior art date
Application number
CN 201020685838
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
吴建平
杨海萍
刘海林
陈爱华
张志勇
许津
沈德华
陆勤勤
张朝晖
Original Assignee
江苏省海洋水产研究所
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Publication date
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    • Y02A40/81

Abstract

The utility model discloses an automatic collection device for fertilized eggs of aquatic animals, which comprises a culture water tank (1), a siphon tube (2) and an overflow water tank (8). The water inlet of the siphon tube (2) is arranged in the culture water tank (1) and the water outlet of the siphon tube (2) is arranged in the overflow water tank (8). A large-mesh net drum is installed at the water inlet of the siphon tube (2). An egg collection net hopper (5) is installed at the water outlet of the siphon tube (2). The bottom of the egg collection net hopper (5) is connected with an egg collection tank (7). By adopting the technical scheme, the automatic collection of the fertilized eggs is realized through the siphon tube, the fertilized eggs flow into the egg collection tank under the condition that the fertilized eggs are always kept in water, no damage is caused to the fertilized eggs in the whole process and the hatching rate of the fertilized eggs is effectively improved.

Description

一种水产动物受精卵自动收集装置 One kind of automatic collection device aquatic animal zygote

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本实用新型属于水产养殖技术领域,特别涉及人工繁殖受精卵自动收集工艺。 [0001] The present invention belongs to the technical field of aquaculture, in particular, it relates to artificial breeding fertilized automatic collection process. 背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 在水生动物人工繁殖过程中,亲体产卵后,除了将亲体移除、受精卵在原池孵化培养外,大多数情况下,需要将受精卵收集起来置于专门的孵化装置中孵化。 [0002] In the process of artificial breeding of aquatic animals, broodstock after spawning, except that the parent body is removed, fertilized eggs hatch in culture outside the original pool, in most cases, it is necessary to collect the fertilized egg placed in special hatching incubator apparatus. 通用的两种方法是用捞网人工捞出和将水排出进行收集,这两种收集方法有可能造成受精卵离水和机械损伤,使得受精卵的质量下降、孵化率降低。 Two common methods use artificial fishing nets and the fish will be collected water discharge, these two methods may cause a fertilized egg was collected from the water and mechanical damage, so that the fertilized egg quality decreases hatchability.

实用新型内容 SUMMARY

[0003] 本实用新型所要解决的技术问题是要提供一种水产养殖动物受精卵自动收集装置,使受精卵不离水、不受机械损伤。 [0003] The present invention is to solve the technical problem is to provide an aquaculture animal zygote automatic collecting device, water separated from a fertilized egg, from mechanical damage.

[0004] 为解决上述技术问题,本实用新型的技术方案为:一种水产动物受精卵自动收集装置,包括养殖水槽、虹吸管、过水槽,虹吸管的入水口置于养殖水槽中、出水口置于过水槽中,虹吸管的入水口装有大眼网筒,虹吸管的出水口装有集卵网斗,集卵网斗底部连接有集卵罐。 [0004] To solve the above technical problem, the technical solution of the present invention is: a form of fish eggs automatic animal collection means comprises a culture tank, siphon sink too, the siphon inlet is placed in the culture tank, a water outlet disposed through the tank, the siphon inlet with large mesh tube, siphon tube outlet with egg collection hopper network, collection hopper connected to the bottom egg network can set eggs. 该技术方案通过虹吸管实现受精卵的自动收集,受精卵在始终不离水的条件下流入集卵罐,整个过程不会对受精卵造成任何损伤,有效提高受精卵的孵化率。 The technical solution achieved by automatically collecting siphon fertilized eggs, fertilized eggs inflow under the conditions set eggs always separated from the water tank, the whole process will not cause any damage to the zygote, the fertilized egg hatching rate increase effective.

[0005] 养殖水槽和过水槽之间连接有水泵和管路,水泵通过管路将水从过水槽送到养殖水槽。 [0005] connected between the water tank and the culture tank through pumps and tubing, to pump water through the pipe from the tank through the culture tank. 该技术方案实现培养水的循环使用。 The technical solution of the water circulation of the culture.

[0006] 本实用新型还包括水质净化器,水泵将水送入水质净化器后再进入养殖水槽。 [0006] The present invention further includes a water purification device, the water pump into the water purification filter and then into the culture tank. 水质净化器内活性碳吸附水中有害物质,使培养水得到净化,循环使用减少了水的排放,使本装置在自动集卵的同时做到环境友好。 Water purifier the activated carbon adsorption of harmful substances in water, the culture is purified water, recycling water discharge is reduced, so that the apparatus automatically sets the eggs do while environmentally friendly.

[0007] 本实用新型的虹吸管为具有高、低峰的双峰虹吸管,在双峰虹吸管的低峰顶端开设有虹吸破坏孔。 [0007] The present invention is a siphon having a high and low peaks of the bimodal siphon, the siphon bimodal low peak top defines a siphon hole. 由于虹吸破坏孔的作用,培养水槽能保持安装设定的水位,而且虹吸破坏孔吸入的气泡能够为集卵罐自动充氧。 Since the siphon action hole, tank culture can maintain the level of the installation set, and a suction siphon hole bubble oxygenator is automatically set eggs tank.

[0008] 水质净化器内可以设置活性碳。 [0008] The activated carbon may be disposed within the water purification device.

[0009] 本实用新型的优点: [0009] The advantages of the present invention:

[0010] 1.本发明通过双峰虹吸管实现受精卵的自动收集,受精卵在始终不离水的条件下流入集卵罐,虹吸水流从虹吸破坏孔吸入气泡为集卵罐自动充气,整个过程不会对受精卵造成任何损伤,有效提高受精卵的孵化率; [0010] 1. The present invention is achieved by a bimodal siphon automatically collect the fertilized egg, the egg fertilized incoming current always separated from the tank at the water, siphon the water from the siphon intake air bubble collector aperture eggs can automatically inflatable, the whole process is not the fertilized egg will cause any damage, improve the hatching rate of fertilized eggs;

[0011] 2 .虹吸破坏孔稳定养殖水槽的水位,受精卵收集过程连续自动运行; . [0011] 2 siphon sink hole stable breeding water, eggs were collected continuously during the automatic operation;

[0012] 3 .集卵网斗下部连接集卵罐的设计实现了整个过程受精卵不需离水,避免了干露造成受精卵损伤,保证了受精卵的质量; . [0012] a lower arm 3 connected to network set eggs egg collection canister design and implementation of the whole process from the water without zygote, a fertilized egg to avoid damage caused by the dry gel, to ensure the quality of the eggs;

[0013] 4 .水质净化器内活性碳吸附水中有害物质,使培养水得到净化,循环使用减少了水的排放,使本装置在自动集卵的同时做到环境友好。 [0013] 4. Activated carbon adsorption of the water purification harmful substances in water, the culture is purified water, recycling water discharge is reduced, so that the apparatus automatically sets the eggs do while environmentally friendly. 附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0014] 图1为本实用新型的结构示意图。 [0014] Figure 1 is a schematic view of the structure of the new utility. 具体实施方式 detailed description

[0015] 下面通过实施例对本实用新型作进一步详细的说明,但本实用新型不局限于以下的实施例。 [0015] The following embodiments described in further detail by embodiments of the present invention to make, but the present invention is not limited to the following examples.

[0016] 如图1所示,一种水产动物受精卵自动收集装置,包括养殖水槽1、双峰虹吸管2、 过水槽8,双峰虹吸管2的入水口置于养殖水槽1中、出水口置于过水槽8中,双峰虹吸管2 的入水口装有大眼网筒4,双峰虹吸管2的出水口装有集卵网斗5,集卵网斗5底部连接有集卵罐7,集卵网斗5上有锥形微孔网衣6。 [0016] 1 A fertilized eggs of aquatic animals automatic collecting device, comprising a culture tank 1, doublet siphon 2, through the tank 8, doublet siphon inlet 2 is placed in a breeding tank, opposite the outlet in the over the water tank 8, a bimodal 2 siphon inlet tube 4 with large mesh, doublet siphon outlet is equipped with 2 egg collection hopper network 5, the bottom of egg collection hopper 5 is connected to the network egg collection tank 7 set tapered porous mesh netting eggs 6 on the bucket 5. 在双峰虹吸管2的低峰顶端开设有虹吸破坏孔3。 In the low peak top bimodal 2 defines a siphon siphon hole 3. 养殖水槽1和过水槽8之间连接有水泵9和管路10,水泵9通过管路10将水从过水槽8送到养殖水槽1。 Culture tank is connected to the pump 9 and line 10, line 10 by pump 9 through the water from the water tank to the culture tank 18 between the tank 81 and over.

[0017] 大眼网筒4的网目孔径以受精卵能安全通过同时能拦挡养殖对象而确定,锥形微孔网衣6的网目孔径小于受精卵卵径。 [0017] The large pore mesh wire mesh tube 4 to be able to simultaneously fertilized by safely retaining breeding object is determined, a microporous netting mesh tapered aperture 6 is smaller than the diameter of fertilized egg. 集卵罐7用来盛双峰虹吸管2送来的受精卵,是不透水的。 Egg collection tank 7 is sent to Shengshuang Feng siphon 2 fertilized eggs are watertight. 双峰虹吸管2出水口至虹吸破坏孔3的高度以虹吸水流速度能携带足量的气泡12 来确定。 Doublet siphon 2 to siphon outlet hole 3 at the height of the siphon flow rate can carry a sufficient amount of the bubbles 12 is determined. 水泵9的流量以双峰虹吸管2的流量来确定。 Flow pump 9 at a flow rate of 2 peaks siphon determined. 在集卵过程中,一旦养殖水槽1水位下落至的双峰虹吸管2低峰,虹吸破坏孔3作用使水流暂时停止,由于水泵9的作用养殖水槽1水位重新回升,虹吸自动恢复,集卵过程自动连续进行。 In the egg collection process, once the water level drops farming sink 1 to 2 siphon bimodal low peak, siphon action of the water hole 3 is temporarily stopped due to the water pump 9 1 breeding tank water level rose again, siphon automatic recovery, egg collection process automatic continuously.

[0018] 图中鱼为养殖对象产卵亲体示意,箭头为水流方向。 [0018] FIG farmed fish spawning target body a schematic, flow direction arrows.

[0019] 本实用新型的使用方法如下: [0019] Use of the present invention as follows:

[0020] 将装置安装好,虹吸破坏孔3与养殖水槽1水位平齐,双峰虹吸管2第一次使用时由人工注满水,起动水泵9。 [0020] The apparatus is installed, siphon flush with the hole 3 a water cultivation tank, doublet siphon when it is first used manually filled with water to start the pump 9. 虹吸开始后受精卵随水流通过大眼网筒4进入虹吸管,亲体则被大眼网筒4阻隔而不会堵塞虹吸管。 4 after the fertilized egg enters the siphon start with the water siphon tube through a large mesh, mesh broodstock were large cylinder 4 without clogging the siphon barrier. 受精卵进入集卵网斗5流进不透水的集卵罐7,由于集卵网斗5上的锥形微孔网衣6的网目孔径小于受精卵卵径,因此受精卵不会流入过水槽8,水流则通过锥形微孔网衣6流入过水槽8。 Fertilized eggs into the collection hopper 5 flows into the water-impermeable network of egg collection tank 7 due to the tapered micropores netting mesh pore size of the mesh collection hopper 56 eggs fertilized egg is smaller than the diameter, and therefore does not flow through the fertilized egg tank 8, the water flow through the porous network coating flows into the cone tank 86. 水泵9及管路10将水抽入水质净化器11后流回培养水槽1。 Pump 9 and line 10 to pump water into the water purification filter 11 back into the culture tank 1. 当集卵罐7内收集的受精卵达到需要数量时将其取出用于孵化。 When collecting tank 7 collecting fertilized eggs reaches the number needs to be removed for incubation.

[0021] 本实用新型还能起到监察亲体排卵的作用,在不确切了解养殖对象产卵时间的情况下,启动本装置,通过检查集卵罐7中是否有卵即可掌握是否产卵。 [0021] The present invention also play a role in monitoring the ovulation parent body, in the case of inaccurate understanding of the object culture spawning time, starting the unit, by checking whether a set of eggs in the tank 7 can grasp whether egg lay eggs. 养殖对象成熟初期零星产卵,卵量不多时,本装置还可起到受精卵富集作用,避免由于养殖水槽受精卵密度过低取不到卵影响判断,有利于及时掌握产卵的开始时间。 Breeding mature early sporadic spawning an object, when the small amount of eggs, the present apparatus can also play a role in the enrichment of fertilized eggs, fertilized eggs to avoid too low a density culture fail to sink Egg judgment, conducive to grasp the start time of spawning .

[0022] 以上仅表达了本发明的实施方式,其描述较为具体和详细,但并不能因此而理解为对发明专利范围的限制。 [0022] Expression of the above are only embodiments of the present invention, and detailed description thereof is more specific, but can not therefore be understood to limit the scope of the invention. 应当指出的是,对于本领域的普通技术人员来说,在不脱离本发明构思的前提下,还可以做出若干变形和改进,这些都属于本发明的保护范围。 It should be noted that those of ordinary skill in the art, without departing from the spirit of the present invention, can make various changes and modifications, which fall within the protection scope of the present invention. 因此,本发明专利的保护范围应以所附权利要求为准。 Therefore, the protection scope of the present invention should be subject to the appended claims.

Claims (4)

1. 一种水产养殖动物受精卵自动收集装置,其特征在于,包括:养殖水槽(1)、虹吸管(2)、过水槽(8),虹吸管(2)的入水口置于养殖水槽(1)中、出水口置于过水槽(8)中,虹吸管(2)的入水口装有大眼网筒(4),虹吸管(2)的出水口装有集卵网斗(5),集卵网斗(5)底部连接有集卵罐(7)。 1. An aquaculture animal zygote automatic collecting device, characterized by comprising: a culture tank (1), the siphon (2), through the tank (8), a siphon (2) is placed in the inlet culture tank (1) , the outlet disposed over the water tank (8), a siphon (2) is provided with a large mesh inlet tube (4), the siphon (2) is provided with outlet hopper network egg collector (5), the network set eggs hopper (5) is connected to the bottom of the egg collection tank (7).
2.根据权利要求1所述的水产养殖动物受精卵自动收集装置,其特征在于,养殖水槽(1)和过水槽(8)之间连接有水泵(9)和管路(10),所述水泵(9)通过管路(10)将水从过水槽(8)送到养殖水槽(1)。 Aquaculture animals according to claim 1, wherein said means to automatically collect the fertilized egg, characterized in that the water pump (9) and the line (10) between the culture tank (1) and through the tank (8), said pump (9) via line (10) through the water from the water tank (8) to the culture tank (1).
3.根据权利要求2所述的水产养殖动物受精卵自动收集装置,其特征在于,还包括水质净化器(11),所述水泵(9 )将水送入水质净化器(11)后再进入养殖水槽(1)。 The animals of the aquaculture fertilized automatic collection device 2, characterized in that, further comprising a water purification unit (11), said pump (9) feeds water into the water purification unit (11) before entering the claims breeding tank (1).
4.根据权利要求1、2或3所述的水产养殖动物受精卵自动收集装置,其特征在于,所述虹吸管(2)为具有高、低峰的双峰虹吸管,在双峰虹吸管的低峰顶端开设有虹吸破坏孔(3)。 The aquaculture animals 1, 2 or 3 eggs automatic collecting device, characterized in that the siphon tube (2) having high and low peaks of the bimodal siphon, the siphon doublet peak at low claim the top is opened siphon hole (3).
CN 201020685838 2010-12-29 2010-12-29 Automatic collection device for fertilized egg of aquatic animals CN201911178U (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102511421A (en) * 2011-12-21 2012-06-27 浙江海洋学院普陀科学技术学院 Continuous incubation device
CN102550452A (en) * 2011-12-31 2012-07-11 江苏省海洋水产研究所 Cultivating method of Sea anemone parents
CN103155908A (en) * 2013-04-07 2013-06-19 中国水产科学研究院黑龙江水产研究所 Salmonidae fish zygote collector for field investigation
CN104304112A (en) * 2014-10-11 2015-01-28 大连海洋大学 Sea cucumber gamete collection device

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102511421A (en) * 2011-12-21 2012-06-27 浙江海洋学院普陀科学技术学院 Continuous incubation device
CN102550452A (en) * 2011-12-31 2012-07-11 江苏省海洋水产研究所 Cultivating method of Sea anemone parents
CN102550452B (en) 2011-12-31 2013-09-11 江苏省海洋水产研究所 Cultivating method of Sea anemone parents
CN103155908A (en) * 2013-04-07 2013-06-19 中国水产科学研究院黑龙江水产研究所 Salmonidae fish zygote collector for field investigation
CN103155908B (en) 2013-04-07 2014-05-07 中国水产科学研究院黑龙江水产研究所 Salmonidae fish zygote collector for field investigation
CN104304112A (en) * 2014-10-11 2015-01-28 大连海洋大学 Sea cucumber gamete collection device

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