CN201905045U - Harvesting device for dwarf compactly-planted fruits - Google Patents

Harvesting device for dwarf compactly-planted fruits Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201905045U
CN201905045U CN2011200008857U CN201120000885U CN201905045U CN 201905045 U CN201905045 U CN 201905045U CN 2011200008857 U CN2011200008857 U CN 2011200008857U CN 201120000885 U CN201120000885 U CN 201120000885U CN 201905045 U CN201905045 U CN 201905045U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
frame
harvesting
driving lever
dwarf
compactly
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Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN2011200008857U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
付威
坎杂
杨红英
何荣
高彬
吴翠平
肖虎
谷趁趁
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Shihezi University
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Shihezi University
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Priority to CN2011200008857U priority Critical patent/CN201905045U/en
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Publication of CN201905045U publication Critical patent/CN201905045U/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The utility model relates to a harvesting device for dwarf compactly-planted fruits, relates to harvesting machinery for fruit industry, and particularly relates to a vibratory harvesting device for dwarf compactly-planted fruits, such as red dates and the like. The harvesting device comprises a framework, and is characterized in that two shifting lever racks which are arranged side by side are disposed on the framework, and are connected with the framework via sliding devices, a plurality of shifting levers are perpendicularly disposed on each shifting lever rack, a power input shaft is arranged on the framework, and the two shifting lever racks are respectively connected with two eccentric shaft sleeves disposed on the power input shaft via connecting rods. The harvesting device for dwarf compactly-planted fruits is simple in structure, convenient in use and maintenance, fine in harvesting quality and low in cost, and is economical and practical.

Description

Downgrade dense planting woods fruit recovering device
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of harvest machinery of industry of planting forest or fruit tress, and especially a kind of being applicable to downgraded the oscillatory type harvesting apparatus of dense planting woods fruit as red date etc.
Background technology
The harvest machinery type of external industry of planting forest or fruit tress is according to used power difference, and reaping machine mainly contains two kinds of pneumatic type and mechanical types.The pneumatic type reaping machine is by high velocity air (blow out air-flow or suck air-flow) fruit to be separated with branch, is fit to results sea-buckthorn, blackcurrant etc.This reaping machine can save special conveying plant and gathering unit, but shortcoming is an air-flow fruit grain is had bigger granulitization.The mechanical type reaping machine is according to the separate mode difference, can be divided into cutting, comb down, brush down, scrape and several different methods such as vibration, using more is the mechanical-vibration type reaping machine.According to the form difference that produces mechanical oscillation, can be divided into and push away two kinds of the formula of shaking and impacting types.Pushing away the formula of shaking is to push away with certain frequency and amplitude to shake the fruit tree trunk branch, is used for arbor fruit grown reaping machine more.Impacting type is to collide or beat fruit tree with the vibration driving lever to do branch, makes the fruit vibration, gives birth to arbor, application is all arranged on the shrub fruit grown reaping machine.
Have the saving soil owing to downgrade the dense planting red date, result in advance, cost-recovering early, the quality height, kind is upgraded the fast plantation advantage that waits, and makes that downgrading the cultivated area of dense planting red date in Xinjiang increases fast.Aforesaid mechanical-vibration type reaping machine and pneumatic type reaping machine are because mechanism is complicated, and machine cost is high and gather in the crops the plant of woods fruit, the factors such as difference of kind, is not adapted at the Xinjiang region large-scale popularization and uses.
The time in extensive at present development red date dwarfing dense planting garden is shorter, downgrades the still main manually results that adopt of dense planting red date results, and artificial results mainly contain dual mode: the one, and direct harvesting; The 2nd, pick up again after shooting down with wooden stick earlier.Labour intensity is big during results, and productivity ratio is low, and labor shortage is lost big etc.In artificial results process, because it is low to downgrade the fruit bearing shoot of dense planting red date, when plucking and picking up, all hurt by the jujube thorn easily, simultaneously, the harvest time of red date harvest time and tomato, cotton is close, and the labour is more and more in short supply along with Xinjiang, causes red date not gather in the crops in good time, red date is caused very big loss, influence the sound development of red date industry.Along with the quick growth of Xinjiang woods fruit industry, rely on artificial the harvesting fully and bring very big obstruction downgrading the large-scale popularizing planting of dense planting red date.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model be to provide a kind of simple in structure, use and easy to maintenance, the results quality is good, the dwarfing dense planting woods fruit recovering device that cost is low, economical and practical.
The utility model discloses a kind of dwarfing dense planting woods fruit recovering device, comprise frame 2, it is characterized in that frame 2 is provided with two driving lever framves of settling side by side 6, described driving lever frame 6 is connected with frame 2 by carriage, vertical direction is provided with a plurality of driving levers 1 on the described driving lever frame 6, frame 2 is provided with power input shaft 4, and described two driving lever framves 6 are connected with two excentric sleeves 3 on being located at power input shaft 4 by connecting rod 5 respectively.
Opposed 180 ° of described two excentric sleeves, 3 off-centre, the balance of shaking force when making mechanism's rotation, the device running is steadily.
The structure of described carriage is to be provided with slide rail 7 on frame 2, is provided with pulley 8 on described driving lever frame 6, and described driving lever frame 6 is connected with frame 2 by pulley 8 and slide rail 7.
This device adopts the motion principle of double crank slider mechanism, when crank turns round continuously, drives slide block by connecting rod and does reciprocating linear motion; Driving lever frame 6 can be regarded the slide block device in the double crank slider mechanism as, and is reciprocating under the effect of crank, is the little amplitude of high-frequency by the control to frequency and amplitude, makes driving lever produce vibration.In the course of work driving lever 1 is inserted in the tree crown, driving force drives power input shaft 4 and rotates, and the excentric sleeve 3 on the power input shaft 4 rotates with power power shaft 4, and excentric sleeve 3 is eccentric opposed by being provided with, promptly eccentric opposed 180 °, make that device work is more steady.Driving lever 1 is installed on the driving lever frame 6, driving lever frame 6 is connected with excentric sleeve 3 by connecting rod 5, it is reciprocating on the slide rail on the frame 27 to drive driving lever frame 6 by connecting rod 5 when excentric sleeve 3 rotates, driving lever 1 on the driving lever frame 6 impacts branch with 6 reciprocating motions of driving lever frame makes branch produce exciting force, and jujube is shaken.
Compared with prior art, what the utility model adopted is double crank slider mechanism, solved the inertia force unbalanced problem that single crank mechanism does the time spent, the stability of device when having improved work, realized downgrading the mechanized harvest of close planting type red date, improve results efficient, solved the labor shortage problem, reduced the results cost; Help wideling popularize standardization, the large-scale planting of downgrading the dense planting red date, reduce labour intensity and labour cost input, improve the red date Industrial economic benefit; It is simple in structure, and working service is convenient, and fault is few and gather in the crops effective.The utility model also can be used for other and downgrades the results of dense planting woods fruit as blackcurrant, cherry etc.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the utility model embodiment 1.
Fig. 2 be among Fig. 1 A to structural representation.
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the utility model embodiment 1 connecting rod.
Fig. 4, Fig. 5 are the structural representation of the utility model embodiment 1 excentric sleeve.
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of the utility model embodiment 1 excentric sleeve, connecting rod annexation.
As shown in the figure: 1 is driving lever, and 2 is frame, and 3 is excentric sleeve, and 4 is power input shaft, and 5 is connecting rod, and 6 is the driving lever frame, and 7 is slide rail, and 8 is pulley, and 9 is connecting rod bearing.
Embodiment
Embodiment 1: with reference to Fig. 1~Fig. 5, present embodiment comprises frame 2, on frame 2, be provided with two driving lever framves of settling side by side 6, described driving lever frame 6 is connected with frame 2 by carriage, vertical direction is provided with a plurality of driving levers 1 on the described driving lever frame 6, frame 2 is provided with power input shaft 4, and described two driving lever framves 6 are connected with two excentric sleeves 3 on being located at power input shaft 4 by connecting rod 5 respectively.Opposed 180 ° of described two excentric sleeves, 3 off-centre.
Described connecting rod 5 is provided with connecting rod bearing 9, when connecting excentric sleeve 3 is set in connecting rod bearing 9 axis holes, connects by bearing between them.
The structure of described carriage is to be provided with slide rail 7 on frame 2, is provided with pulley 8 on described driving lever frame 6, and described driving lever frame 6 is connected with frame 2 by pulley 8 and slide rail 7.

Claims (3)

1. downgrade dense planting woods fruit recovering device for one kind, comprise frame (2), it is characterized in that frame (2) is provided with two driving lever framves of settling side by side (6), described driving lever frame (6) is connected with frame (2) by carriage, described driving lever frame (6) is gone up vertical direction and is provided with a plurality of driving levers (1), frame (2) is provided with power input shaft (4), and described two driving lever framves (6) are connected with two excentric sleeves (3) on being located at power input shaft (4) by connecting rod (5) respectively.
2. dwarfing dense planting woods fruit recovering device as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that eccentric opposed 180 ° of described two excentric sleeves (3).
3. dwarfing dense planting woods fruit recovering device as claimed in claim 1 or 2, the structure that it is characterized in that described carriage is to be provided with slide rail (7) on frame (2), be provided with pulley (8) on described driving lever frame (6), described driving lever frame (6) is connected with frame (2) by pulley (8) and slide rail (7).
CN2011200008857U 2011-01-04 2011-01-04 Harvesting device for dwarf compactly-planted fruits Expired - Fee Related CN201905045U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011200008857U CN201905045U (en) 2011-01-04 2011-01-04 Harvesting device for dwarf compactly-planted fruits

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011200008857U CN201905045U (en) 2011-01-04 2011-01-04 Harvesting device for dwarf compactly-planted fruits

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN201905045U true CN201905045U (en) 2011-07-27

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102523838A (en) * 2012-01-27 2012-07-04 石河子大学 Forest fruit harvesting device
CN102656999A (en) * 2012-05-28 2012-09-12 新疆农业科学院农业机械化研究所 Vibrating fruit tree harvester
CN103039190A (en) * 2011-10-17 2013-04-17 新疆中收农牧机械公司 Swinging combing corn-ear-picking device
CN103430704A (en) * 2013-07-22 2013-12-11 刘文海 Chinese wolfberry picking machine
CN103782724A (en) * 2014-02-10 2014-05-14 陈永忠 Variable-speed high-frequency vibration type tea-oil tree fruit picking machine
CN104885705A (en) * 2015-05-15 2015-09-09 浙江理工大学 Epitrochoid trajectory based fruit vibration harvesting device
CN108283059A (en) * 2017-01-08 2018-07-17 西北农林科技大学 A kind of contact vibration formula collecting medlar device

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103039190A (en) * 2011-10-17 2013-04-17 新疆中收农牧机械公司 Swinging combing corn-ear-picking device
CN102523838A (en) * 2012-01-27 2012-07-04 石河子大学 Forest fruit harvesting device
CN102656999A (en) * 2012-05-28 2012-09-12 新疆农业科学院农业机械化研究所 Vibrating fruit tree harvester
CN103430704A (en) * 2013-07-22 2013-12-11 刘文海 Chinese wolfberry picking machine
CN103430704B (en) * 2013-07-22 2015-06-10 刘文海 Chinese wolfberry picking machine
CN103782724A (en) * 2014-02-10 2014-05-14 陈永忠 Variable-speed high-frequency vibration type tea-oil tree fruit picking machine
CN104885705A (en) * 2015-05-15 2015-09-09 浙江理工大学 Epitrochoid trajectory based fruit vibration harvesting device
CN108283059A (en) * 2017-01-08 2018-07-17 西北农林科技大学 A kind of contact vibration formula collecting medlar device

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GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20110727

Termination date: 20140104

C17 Cessation of patent right