CN201896738U - Combination valve of high-pressure water-injection pump - Google Patents

Combination valve of high-pressure water-injection pump Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201896738U
CN201896738U CN2010206517517U CN201020651751U CN201896738U CN 201896738 U CN201896738 U CN 201896738U CN 2010206517517 U CN2010206517517 U CN 2010206517517U CN 201020651751 U CN201020651751 U CN 201020651751U CN 201896738 U CN201896738 U CN 201896738U
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China
Prior art keywords
valve
right
left
seat
spring
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CN2010206517517U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
孙立辉
岳景梅
张金珉
杜娟
祁轩
解欣文
郭兴涛
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中原特种车辆有限公司
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Publication of CN201896738U publication Critical patent/CN201896738U/en

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a combination valve of a high-pressure water-injection pump, which comprises a valve body of which the middle part is provided with a water inlet, wherein both ends of the valve body are respectively provided with a liquid inlet cavity and a liquid outlet cavity, a right valve seat, a right conical valve in sliding fit with the right valve seat, and a right spring connected to the outer end surface of the right conical valve in a propping mode are arranged in the liquid inlet cavity, a free end of the right spring is propped to a right gland on the valve body, and the right gland is provided with a through hole; and a left valve seat, a left conical valve in sliding fit with the left valve seat, and a left spring connected with an outer end surface of the left conical valve are arranged in the liquid outlet cavity, a free end of the left spring is propped to the left gland on the valve body, and the left gland is provided with a through hole. The valve seat, the conical valve, the spring and the gland are assembled in the valve body to constitute one component, so the structure of the combination valve is improved, the assembly and disassembly difficulties are reduced, the sealing performance is improved, the production efficiency and the hydraulic efficiency are effectively improved, the characteristics of a stressed part of a working chamber are changed, the compressive strength of a pump head is relieved, and the service life of the combination pump is greatly prolonged.

Description

一种高压注水泵组合阀 A high-pressure injection pump combination valve

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本实用新型属于高压注水泵技术领域,特别涉及一种适用于油田高压注水泵的组合阀。 [0001] The present invention belongs to the technical field of high-pressure injection pump, particularly to a high-pressure injection pump for oil combination valve.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 在油田生产中,高压注水泵连续运行的过程都是靠阀座、弹簧和阀片来控制,以实现进水和出水。 [0002] In oil field production, the process of high-pressure injection pump is run continuously against the valve seat, and a valve plate spring is controlled to achieve the inlet and outlet. 目前,油田使用较广泛的是三缸注水泵,泵阀座在连续作业时很容易损坏, 使用寿命较短,更换繁琐费时,工作效率低;由于泵阀座为不锈钢材料,成本较高,增加了生产成本;另外,泵阀结构由几部分组件拼装而成,装配、拆卸难度大,密封不良,使用性能差, 水力效率低。 Currently, more extensive use of the oil injection pump triplex, easily damaged valve seat during the continuous operation, short service life, the replacement cumbersome and time-consuming, low efficiency; since the valve seat made of stainless steel, high cost, increased the cost of production; Further, valve assembly configuration consists of several parts assembled together, assembly, disassembly difficult, poor sealing, poor performance, low hydraulic efficiency.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0003] 本实用新型技术的目的是克服上述技术缺点,提供一种高压注水泵组合阀。 Objective [0003] The technique of the present invention to overcome the above technical disadvantages, there is provided a high-pressure injection pump combination valve.

[0004] 本实用新型结构是:一种高压注水泵组合阀,包括中部设有进水口的阀体,阀体两端分别设有进液腔和排液腔,所述进液腔内装配有右阀座、与右阀座滑动配合的右锥形阀和右锥形阀外端面上顶接的右弹簧,右弹簧的自由端顶触在阀体上的右压盖上,右压盖上设有通孔;排液腔内装配有左阀座、与左阀座滑动配合的左锥形阀和左锥形阀外端面上顶接的左弹簧,左弹簧的自由端顶触在阀体上的左压盖上,左压盖上设有通孔。 [0004] The structure of the present invention is: a combination of a high-pressure injection pump valve is provided comprising a central water inlet valve, the valve body are provided at both ends of the inlet chamber and the drain chamber, said inlet chamber is equipped with a right outer lid of the right seat, a right conical valve seat slidably engaged with the right and the right end face of the conical valve spring abuts the right of the right free end of the top spring contact in the valve body, on the right gland a through hole; drain chamber equipped with a left seat, the left seat sliding fit with the outside of the cone valve and the left end surface of the left cone valve spring abuts the left, the free end of the left top of the spring contact in the valve body gland on the left, a through hole on the left gland.

[0005] 所述右阀座和左阀座上分别设有与右锥形阀和左锥形阀的锥面相配合的锥面。 They are provided with the tapered surface and the left and right tapered valve cooperating tapered conical valve on the [0005] left seat and the right seat.

[0006] 沿右锥形阀和左锥形阀的锥面向外延伸的圆周上设有阀胶皮。 [0006] A valve rubber along a circumferential tapered surface and the left and right conical valve cone valve extending outwardly.

[0007] 所述右锥形阀和左锥形阀内端分别设有至少三个导向爪,导向爪外周面与右阀座和左阀座内壁面滑动配合。 Within the [0007] valve and the left and right tapered end of the conical valve guide claws are provided at least three, the outer circumferential surface of the guide claw and a left seat and the right seat with an inner wall surface of the slide.

[0008] 所述右阀座和左阀座外端面上分别设有环状弹簧卡槽,弹簧卡槽中部为弹簧导向柱,右压盖和左压盖内侧面分别设有沉台;弹簧一端套装在弹簧导向柱上、另一端装在沉台内。 [0008] The left and right seat and the seat is provided with an annular outer end face of each spring slot, the spring slot of central spring guide post, the right and left inner lid side surface of the lid are provided sink station; end of a spring set the spring guide post, and the other end mounted in the sink stage.

[0009] 所述右阀座和左阀座与阀体之间的配合面上设有0型圈。 Between the [0009] Right and left seat and the valve seat is provided with 0-ring mating surface.

[0010] 新型增压注水泵组合阀由阀体、阀座、锥形阀、排液弹簧、压盖组成。 [0010] Novel combination of pump pressure injection valve from the valve, valve seat, valve cone, drainage spring gland composition. 在阀体进水端内部有一个锥面与阀座相连,阀座中间开有进水孔,锥形阀有4个导向爪与阀座内孔壁连接,并用压盖将排液弹簧压在锥形阀上。 Inside the valve body is connected to the inlet end has a tapered surface with the valve seat, the intermediate seat inlet hole is opened, there are four conical valve seat inside the guide claw hole wall is connected with the lid and the pressure in the liquid discharge spring a conical valve. 在阀座开有10个对称分布的排液孔,而排液端与进水端一样用阀座、锥形阀、排液弹簧、压盖连接而成。 In the opened valve drain hole 10 symmetrically distributed, and on the discharge side and the inlet ends interconnected by the same valve seat, a valve cone, the spring drainage, gland.

[0011] 与现有技术相比,本实用新型的有益效果是: [0011] Compared with the prior art, the beneficial effects of the present invention are:

[0012] 1.将阀座、锥形阀、弹簧和压盖装配在阀体内部组成一个部件,改善了组合阀的结构,减少了装配和拆卸的难度,提高了密封性,有效提高了生产效率和水力效率,改变了工作腔受力部位特点,减轻泵头承压压强,大大延长了使用寿命。 [0012] 1. The valve seat, valve cone, the spring and gland assembly consisting of a member inside the valve body, improving the structure of the combination valve, reducing the difficulty of assembly and disassembly, an enhanced sealing performance, improve production efficiency and hydraulic efficiency, changing the characteristics of the working chamber parts of the force, to reduce the pressure head pressure, greatly extended service life.

[0013] 2.阀座、锥形阀采用普通钢材加工调质处理制得,且在锥形阀上设有阀胶皮,提高耐磨性能,大大降低了生产成本。 [0013] 2. The valve seat, valve cone ordinary steel processing quenching prepared, and provided with a valve rubber on the tapered valve, improve the wear resistance, significantly reducing production costs. [0014] 3、锥形阀内端设有四个导向爪,导向爪外周面与阀座内壁面滑动配合;右阀座外端面上设有环状弹簧卡槽,弹簧卡槽中部为弹簧导向柱,压盖内侧面设有沉台,弹簧一端套装在弹簧导向柱上、另一端装在沉台内,大大提高了锥形阀和弹簧的安装稳定性,不易损坏,有效提高使用性能,延长使用寿命。 [0014] 3, the inner end of the valve cone is provided with four guide claws, the outer circumferential surface of the guide claw sliding fit with the valve seat surface of the inner wall; an annular spring seat slot outer end face of the right, middle spring is a spring guide slot column, the inner side surface of the lid is provided with plunger stage, one end of the spring set in the spring guide post, and the other end mounted in the sink stage, increasing installation and stability of the cone valve spring, not damaged, effectively improve performance, prolong life.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0015] 图1为本实用新型的结构示意图; [0015] Figure 1 is a schematic view of the structure of the new utility;

[0016] 图2为图1中的AA视图。 [0016] FIG. 2 is a view AA in FIG.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0017] 如图1和2所示的高压注水泵组合阀,包括中部设有进水口11的阀体1,阀体1 两端分别设有进液腔12和排液腔13。 [0017] 1 high-pressure injection pump and valve combination 2 comprising a central body provided with a water inlet 11, the valve body 1 are respectively provided at both ends of the inlet chamber 12 and discharge chamber 13. 在阀体1的进液腔12内装配有右阀座2、与右阀座2滑动配合的右锥形阀3和右锥形阀3外端面上顶接的右弹簧4,右弹簧4的自由端顶触在阀体1上的右压盖5内侧,右压盖5上设有通孔51。 In the liquid chamber 12 fitted into the valve body 1 has a right valve 2, with a right seat and a right sliding valve cone 3 and the right end surface of the outer conical valve 3 abuts the right spring 4, the right spring 4 the free end of the valve body 1 on top of a touch right inner lid 5, a through hole 51 on the right gland 5. 在阀体1的排液腔13内装配有左阀座6、与左阀座6滑动配合的左锥形阀7和左锥形阀7外端面上顶接的左弹簧8,左弹簧8的自由端顶触在阀体1上的左压盖9上,左压盖9上设有通孔91。 In assembling the liquid discharge chamber 13 of the valve body 1 is provided with a left seat 6, the valve seat 6 and the left slider taper fit valve 7 left and the left end surface of the outer conical valve 7 abuts the left spring 8, the left spring 8 9, the lid is provided with a through hole 91 left on the free end 9 of the valve body 1 on top of a touch left gland. 右阀座2和左阀座6与阀体1之间的配合面上设有0型圈10,用于提高密封性能,提高高压注水泵的使用性能。 2 and the left and right seat mating surface between valve seat 6 and the valve body 1 is provided with O-rings 10 for improving the sealing performance, improve the performance of high-pressure injection pump.

[0018] 在右阀座2和左阀座6上分别设有与右锥形阀3和左锥形阀7的锥面相配合的锥面14和锥面15 ;右锥形阀3和左锥形阀7内端分别设有四个导向爪16和四个导向爪17, 导向爪外周面与右阀座2和左阀座6内壁面滑动配合。 [0018] The tapered surface 14 and the tapered surface are provided with a right and left tapered conical valve 3 the valve 7 cooperating tapered surfaces 15 on the right and left seat 2 seat 6; left and a right conical valve cone 3 shaped valve guide 7 is provided with four terminals are four pawls 16 and the pawl guide 17, an outer circumferential surface of the guide claw and the right seat 2 and the inner wall surface 6 left seat sliding fit. 沿右锥形阀3和左锥形阀7的锥面向外延伸的圆周上设有阀胶皮18和阀胶皮19,提高耐磨性能,延长使用寿命。 3 in the right and the left valve conical valve cone 7 is provided with a tapered surface extending circumferentially outwardly rubber valve 18 and a valve rubber 19, improved abrasion resistance, extended service life.

[0019] 另外,为了提高右弹簧4的稳定性,在右阀座2的外端面上设有环状弹簧卡槽21, 弹簧卡槽21中部为弹簧导向柱22,阀体1上的右压盖5内侧面设有沉台52,右弹簧4 一端套装在弹簧导向柱22上、另一端装在沉台52内。 [0019] In order to improve the stability of the right spring 4, the right end surface of the seat 2 is provided with an outer annular spring slot 21, central slot 21 of the spring 22 is a spring guide post, the right pressure on the valve body 1 5 with the inner surface of the lid sink units 52, the right end of the spring 4 fitted over the spring guide post 22, the other end of the table 52 mounted within the sink. 同理,在左阀座6的外端面上设有环状弹簧卡槽61,弹簧卡槽61中部为弹簧导向柱62,阀体1上的左压盖9内侧面设有沉台92,左弹簧8 —端套装在弹簧导向柱62上、另一端装在沉台92内。 Similarly, the left end surface of the valve seat 6 is provided with an outer annular slot 61 of the spring, the spring slot 61 of the central spring guide post 62, the left side surface of the lid on the body 9 is provided with a table 92 Shen, left a spring 8 - the spring end fitted over the guide post 62, the other end of the table 92 mounted within the sink.

[0020] 使用时,将本实用新型的组合阀安装在高压注水泵的工作腔中,当动力端带动柱塞运动时,泵头工作腔内压力降低,吸液通道内的液体进入进液腔12内的右阀座2中间,液体压力顶开右锥形阀3,液体通过右压盖5上的通孔51流入工作腔内;柱塞运动到一定位置后,使工作腔内液体受挤压,压力升高,进液腔12内的右锥形阀3在右弹簧4作用下关闭,液体流入排液腔13的左阀座6中间,液体压力顶开左锥形阀7,液体通过通孔91流向排液通道。 [0020] When used, the compositions of the present invention mounted in the valve working chamber of the high pressure injection pump, when the plunger moves to drive the power end, the working chamber of the pump head pressure drops, the liquid in the liquid suction passage into the inlet chamber Right in the middle of the valve seat 12 2, the liquid pressure to open the top right-conical valve 3, a liquid through the through hole 551 on the right gland flows into the working chamber; moving the plunger to a certain position, the working fluid chamber by squeezing pressure, the pressure rises, the inlet chamber 12 right under the valve cone 3 4 right spring action of closing, the liquid flows into the discharge chamber 13 of the left seat intermediate 6, the liquid pressure to open the top left conical valve 7, the liquid by the through-hole 91 flows to the liquid discharge passage.

[0021] 本实用新型中,阀座、锥形阀采用普通钢材加工调质处理制得,大大降低了生产成本。 [0021] In the present invention, a valve seat, valve cone ordinary steel processing quenching obtained, significantly reducing production costs.

Claims (6)

1. 一种高压注水泵组合阀,包括中部设有进水口的阀体,阀体两端分别设有进液腔和排液腔,其特征在于,所述进液腔内装配有右阀座、与右阀座滑动配合的右锥形阀和右锥形阀外端面上顶接的右弹簧,右弹簧的自由端顶触在阀体上的右压盖上,右压盖上设有通孔; 排液腔内装配有左阀座、与左阀座滑动配合的左锥形阀和左锥形阀外端面上顶接的左弹簧,左弹簧的自由端顶触在阀体上的左压盖上,左压盖上设有通孔。 1. A high-pressure injection pump combination valve is provided comprising a central water inlet valve, the valve body are provided at both ends of the inlet chamber and the drain chamber, wherein the inlet chamber is equipped with a right seat , and the right of the right spring seat sliding fit right conical valve cone valve and the right end of the top surface of the outer contact, the free end of the right spring contact on the right top of the lid on the body, the lid is provided through the Right hole; drain chamber equipped with a left seat, the left seat sliding fit with the outside of the cone valve and the left end surface of the left cone valve spring abuts the left, the left free end of the spring contact on the top left of the valve body gland, a through hole on the left gland.
2.如权利要求1所述的高压注水泵组合阀,其特征在于,所述右阀座和左阀座上分别设有与右锥形阀和左锥形阀的锥面相配合的锥面。 2. The high-pressure injection pump according to claim 1, the combination valve, characterized in that, provided each of the right and the left and right tapered valve cooperating tapered conical valve seat and a tapered surface on the left seat.
3.如权利要求2所述的高压注水泵组合阀,其特征在于,沿右锥形阀和左锥形阀的锥面向外延伸的圆周上设有阀胶皮。 2, the high pressure of the injection pump as claimed in claim combination valve, wherein the valve is provided along a circumferential rubber cone valve and the left and right tapered conical valve extending outwardly.
4.如权利要求1、2或3所述的高压注水泵组合阀,其特征在于,所述右锥形阀和左锥形阀内端分别设有至少三个导向爪,导向爪外周面与右阀座和左阀座内壁面滑动配合。 4. The high-pressure injection pump or valve combination according to claim 2 or 3, characterized in that the valve cone of the right and left ends of the conical valve guide claws are provided at least three, and the outer peripheral surface of the pawl guide the right seat and left seat with the inner wall surface of the slide.
5.如权利要求4所述的高压注水泵组合阀,其特征在于,所述右阀座和左阀座外端面上分别设有环状弹簧卡槽,弹簧卡槽中部为弹簧导向柱,右压盖和左压盖内侧面分别设有沉台;弹簧一端套装在弹簧导向柱上、另一端装在沉台内。 5. The high-pressure injection pump combination valve according to claim 4, wherein said left and right seat and the seat is provided with an annular outer end face of each spring slot, the spring slot of central spring guide post, the right gland and left inner side surface of the lid are provided sink station; end of a spring sleeved on a spring guide post, and the other end mounted in the sink stage.
6.如权利要求5所述的高压注水泵组合阀,其特征在于,所述右阀座和左阀座与阀体之间的配合面上设有0型圈。 The high pressure of 5 injection pump as claimed in claim combination valve, characterized in that said O-ring is provided with a right mating surface between the valve seat and a valve seat and left.
CN2010206517517U 2010-12-10 2010-12-10 Combination valve of high-pressure water-injection pump CN201896738U (en)

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CN2010206517517U CN201896738U (en) 2010-12-10 2010-12-10 Combination valve of high-pressure water-injection pump

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102767512A (en) * 2012-08-14 2012-11-07 宁波合力机泵有限公司 Dual-guide belt nonmetallic sealing conical valve and hydraulic cylinder body structure thereof
CN103291606A (en) * 2013-06-10 2013-09-11 北京工业大学 Integrated bevel-type pump valve
CN103437994A (en) * 2013-08-23 2013-12-11 西安航天动力研究所 High-volume-efficiency combined-type pump valve of reciprocating pump
CN104214084A (en) * 2013-06-04 2014-12-17 天津爱博生技术开发有限公司 Valve of plunger pump
CN108412721A (en) * 2018-03-31 2018-08-17 山东中探机械有限公司 A kind of wear-resisting voltage stabilizing mud pump with plunger

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102767512A (en) * 2012-08-14 2012-11-07 宁波合力机泵有限公司 Dual-guide belt nonmetallic sealing conical valve and hydraulic cylinder body structure thereof
CN102767512B (en) * 2012-08-14 2016-03-16 宁波合力机泵有限公司 A kind of two nonmetal sealing mitre velve of guidance tape and liquid cylinder structure thereof
CN104214084A (en) * 2013-06-04 2014-12-17 天津爱博生技术开发有限公司 Valve of plunger pump
CN103291606A (en) * 2013-06-10 2013-09-11 北京工业大学 Integrated bevel-type pump valve
CN103291606B (en) * 2013-06-10 2015-12-02 北京工业大学 A kind of integrated bevel-type pump valve
CN103437994A (en) * 2013-08-23 2013-12-11 西安航天动力研究所 High-volume-efficiency combined-type pump valve of reciprocating pump
CN103437994B (en) * 2013-08-23 2016-05-18 西安航天动力研究所 A kind of high volumetric efficiency reciprocating pump combined type pump valve
CN108412721A (en) * 2018-03-31 2018-08-17 山东中探机械有限公司 A kind of wear-resisting voltage stabilizing mud pump with plunger

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