CN201890587U - Spiral quantitative feeding device - Google Patents

Spiral quantitative feeding device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201890587U
CN201890587U CN2010205800833U CN201020580083U CN201890587U CN 201890587 U CN201890587 U CN 201890587U CN 2010205800833 U CN2010205800833 U CN 2010205800833U CN 201020580083 U CN201020580083 U CN 201020580083U CN 201890587 U CN201890587 U CN 201890587U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
cylindrical
control motor
feeding
spiral
screw
Prior art date
Application number
CN2010205800833U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张西良
许俊
高文祥
路欣
罗胜
贾松华
孙晓佳
靳露露
Original Assignee
江苏大学
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Application filed by 江苏大学 filed Critical 江苏大学
Priority to CN2010205800833U priority Critical patent/CN201890587U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN201890587U publication Critical patent/CN201890587U/en

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a spiral quantitative feeding device, which comprises a horizontal spiral conveyer, an automatic feeding adjusting device, a motor control and transmission system, a rotation angle sensor and a single chip microcomputer measurement and control system. The spiral conveyer consists of a spiral shaft, spiral blades, a cylindrical feeding barrel and the like, a rectangular feeding port is arranged on the upper portion of one end of the barrel and connected with the automatic feeding adjusting device, an end surface, which extends out of one end of the feeding port of the barrel, of the spiral shaft is connected with the transmission system, an extending portion of the other end of the spiral shaft is connected with the rotation angle sensor, the spiral shaft is in transmission with a shaft of a control motor by the aid of a synchronous belt, and the automatic feeding adjusting device consists of a cylindrical shell, a cylindrical trough, a cylindrical roller, a baffle plate and a receiving hopper. The spiral quantitative feeding device can be applied to transportation, distribution and packaging production of bulk materials in agriculture, industry, chemical industry and food processing industry.

Description

A kind of spiral quantitative feeding device
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of spiral quantitative feeding device, belongs to the device for transporting objects technical field, can be applicable to industries such as food, chemical industry, agricultural, and realization powder granule material is stablized the batching production or the packing of quantifying feed and produced.
Background technology
The screw feeding device has steerability and stability preferably to the conveying of powder and granule materials, is widely used in transportation, batching and the package productions such as industrial mineral, material for agriculture, chemical industry and raw materials of food processing finished product.Characteristics such as that the screw feeding device has is simple and compact for structure, reliable operation, convenient operating maintenance, working environment are airtight, by controlling its screw rod rotational speed and time, can control feeding quantity, be fit to not to be afraid of extruding, density evenly, be difficult for the transportation of sticking long-pending powder of moisture absorption and granule materials and reinforced.But it also has such as watt loss shortcomings such as big, quick abrasion, and the screw feeding device needs even charging, otherwise is easy to generate latch up phenomenon the sensitivity that overloads.
Adopt the screw feeding device to realize quantitative ingredient and quantitative package, introduce in " light industry and machinery " by Zhu Dengjie etc. and to adopt large and small double auger as main reinforced and auxilliary charging process development quantitative weighing equipment, this quantitative weighing equipment is based on auger loader can carry out accurate quantifying feed, but present screw feeding device is mainly used in convey materials, the often out of reach requirement of quantifying feed performance.
In the feeding process of screw feeding device unit pitch, be subjected to the influence of helicallobe termination endface, when helicallobe forwards different positions to, helicallobe is different with the material stock space that barrel forms, and when the helicallobe end face moves to different positions, the situation that material is stopped is also different, has therefore produced the difference of blanking, has caused the instability of flow, uneven phenomenon; The variation of expecting in the feed bin simultaneously also can influence mass flow, causes problems such as feeding quantity is inaccurate, error is big.In addition, in process of production, when material entered screw feeding device feed zone from feed bin, inlet amount can not get control, and the material bulk deposition has increased the overload danger of the starting torque and the motor of feeding device, causes problems such as high starting torque and energy consumption are big.The existence of these problems has influenced the work efficiency and the reinforced accuracy of screw feeding device greatly, has caused a large amount of loss of material and device damage.
Summary of the invention
The utility model exists the instability of flow, uneven phenomenon at present screw feeder and charging process thereof, and feeding quantity is inaccurate, error is big, and the defective that inlet amount can not get controlling provides a kind of spiral quantitative feeding device.
The technical solution of the utility model is: comprise horizontal auger loader, charging self-checking device, control motor and driving system, rotary angle transmitter and single chip microcomputer TT﹠C system.
Described horizontal auger loader is made up of screw shaft, helicallobe and cylinder feeding barrel etc., is fixed on the horizontal operation face by frame.Barrel one end top has a rectangle inlet point, and inlet point links to each other with the charging self-checking device, and the other end bottom of barrel has a circular feed opening, and feed opening stretches out one section downwards and is the column type discharging opening, conveniently links to each other with proportioning device.The screw shaft centering that has helicallobe is installed in the barrel, and roller bearings is used at two ends.Screw shaft stretches out end face at barrel inlet point one end, is connected with the driven pulley of the synchronous strap drive of driving system, and screw shaft other end sponson is connected with rotary angle transmitter by flexible connector.The synchronous strap drive of transmission adopted between screw shaft and the control motor shaft, the control motor drives screw shaft by synchronous strap drive and rotates.
Described charging self-checking device is a device between feed bin and barrel inlet point, and it is made up of cylindrical shell, cylindrical hopper, cylindrical roller, baffle plate, the funnel that connects material etc.
Described single chip microcomputer TT﹠C system comprises partly composition such as rotary angle transmitter testing circuit, control motor driving controling circuit, single chip microcomputer and IO interface, keyboard, telltale.
The utility model is on the one hand by being provided with the charging self-checking device, height of materials changes the influence to the reinforced stability of screw feeding device on the reduction feed bin, momentary overload phenomenon when the extruding of elimination material in the spiral barrel causes start shooting next time, detect corner and then the control rotating speed of motor and the corner of screw shaft on the other hand by rotary angle transmitter, realize accurate paced work material.Can carry out stable quantitative conveying or reinforced to powder in bulk or granule materials, easy to operate, energy consumption is low.Its loose unpacked material transportation, batching and packing that can be widely used in agricultural, industry, chemical industry and food-processing industry is produced.
Description of drawings
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments the utility model is described in further detail.
Fig. 1 is the scheme drawing of spiral quantitative feeding device.
Fig. 2 is the birds-eye view of charging self-checking device 2.
Fig. 3 is that the single chip microcomputer TT﹠C system of spiral quantitative feeding device is formed structural representation.
Among the figure, 1, horizontal screw feeding conveyer; 2, the charging self-checking device; 3, cylindrical hopper; 4, baffle plate; 5, funnel connects material; 6, material receiving port; 7, cylindrical shell; 8, cylindrical roller; 9, support A; 10, support B; 11, helicallobe; 12, screw shaft; 13, circular feed opening; 14, the rectangle inlet point; 15, antifriction-bearing box A; 17, antifriction-bearing box B; 18, flexible connector; 19, barrel; 20, the cylinder tremie pipe; 21, the left end sponson; 22, the right-hand member sponson; 23, rotary angle transmitter; 24, synchrome conveying belt; 25, the control motor; 26 control motor and driving systems; 27, driven pulley; 28, driving pulley; 29, feed pipe; 30, the cylinder ear; 31, hood; 32, the ear hole.
The specific embodiment
As shown in Figure 1, 2, the spiral quantitative feeding device comprises horizontal screw feeding conveyer, charging self-checking device 2, control motor and driving system 26, rotary angle transmitter 23 and single chip microcomputer TT﹠C system composition.Screw shaft 12 left end sponsons 21 at screw feeding conveyer 1 are connected with control motor and driving system 26 transmission shafts, right-hand member sponson 22 is connected with rotary angle transmitter 23 transmission shafts by flexible connector 18, be connected with charging self-checking device 2 by a rectangle inlet point 14 on screw feeding conveyer 1 top, screw feeding conveyer 1 is fixed on the horizontal operation face by support A 9 and support B 10.
Screw feeding conveyer 1 comprises that helicallobe 11, screw shaft 12, barrel 19, antifriction-bearing box A15 and antifriction-bearing box B17 form.Helicallobe 11 is wound on the screw shaft 12, screw shaft 12 centerings are installed in the barrel 19, adopt antifriction-bearing box A 15, antifriction-bearing box B17 support helix axle 12 at barrel 19 two ends, the positive top of barrel 19 left ends has a rectangle inlet point 14, be connected with charging self-checking device 2, have a circular feed opening 13 in another proper bottom, link to each other with proportioning device by cylinder tremie pipe 20, screw shaft 12 left end sponsons 21 are connected with control motor and driving system 26 transmission shafts, and right-hand member sponson 22 is connected with rotary angle transmitter 23 transmission shafts by flexible connector 18.
Charging self-checking device 2 comprises cylindrical shell 7, cylindrical hopper 3, cylindrical roller 8, baffle plate 4, the funnel 5 that connects material is formed.The feed pipe 29 of cylindrical shell 7 lower ends is connected with the inlet point 14 of screw feeding conveyer 1, cylindrical shell 7 inside are cylindrical hopper 3, two concentric cylinder ears 30 of symmetry are arranged on cylindrical roller 8 both ends of the surface, cylinder ear 30 embeds on the cylindrical shells 7 in the cooresponding with it ear hole 32, thereby support cylinder cylinder 8, with cylindrical hopper 3 concentric installations, cylindrical roller 8 can freely be overturn in cylindrical hopper 3, welded eight baffle plates 4 of well-distributed on the cylindrical roller 8.Baffle plate 4 is block length square plates, isometric with cylindrical roller 8, cylindrical hopper 3, and the inwall of its outer and cylindrical hopper 3 leaves small gap, cylindrical shell 7 upper ends take over and have the rectangle material receiving port 6 that width is slightly less than cylindrical hopper 3 radiuses, the funnel 5 that connects material links to each other with material receiving port 6, material receiving port 6 is one section rectangular duct that are communicated with the cylindrical hopper 3 and the funnel 5 that connects material, be positioned at the right radius section of cylindrical hopper 3, and its opening length and cylindrical hopper 3, cylindrical roller 8 are isometric, the funnel 5 that connects material is that a upper end open is big, the trapezoidal funnel that lower ending opening is little.
Control motor and driving system 26 comprise synchrome conveying belt 24, driven pulley 27, hood 31, driving pulley 28 and control motor 25.Hood 31 is fixed on screw feeder 1 barrel 19, covers driven pulley 27, and driven pulley 27 is installed in the sponson of the screw shaft 12 of screw feeder 1, and driving pulley 28 is installed on 25 in the motor of control, and control motor 25 is installed on the horizontal operation face.
Rotary angle transmitter 23 shells are fixed on the side of barrel 19 1 ends.
As shown in Figure 3, the single chip microcomputer TT﹠C system of spiral quantitative feeding device comprises AT89C52 single chip microcomputer, I/O interface, keyboard, telltale, rotary angle transmitter testing circuit, control motor driving controling circuit, control motor (stepping motor or servomotor).Single chip microcomputer is gathered rotary angle transmitter 23 corner information under programming control under keyboard and the operation of telltale man-machine interface, drive controlling motor 25 is finished the control that screw shaft is turned over angle and speed, and then the control feeding quantity.
The working process of spiral quantitative feeding device is as follows:
(1) material fill process.Material enters the funnel 5 that connects material from feed bin, enter cylindrical roller 8 and the storing section between adjacent two baffle plates 4 on it by material receiving port 6, because material receiving port 6 takes over and sets, momentum effect when material falls is on baffle plate 4 and then drive cylinder 8 upsets, material constantly falls with cylinder 8 upsets in the storing section, until entering in the screw feeder 1, realize stablizing the process of charging by inlet point 14.
(2) material charging control process.When control motor 25 is out-of-run, material is piled up below inlet point 14, stopped the upset of baffle plate 4 and cylindrical roller 8 from the below, and then stoped material to continue to enter in the screw feeder 1, realization is regulated the material charging in the screw feeder 1, the momentary overload phenomenon when preventing motor startup next time.
(3) the streams momentum distribution process of the test in the unit pitch.The spiral quantitative feeding device is carried out different material test the streams momentum distribution relation in the unit's of obtaining pitch with the feeding quantity under the different velocities of rotation at different screw shaft angle positions.
(4) the reinforced process of spiral quantitative.During the work of spiral quantitative feeding device, after material enters screw feeder 1, the single chip microcomputer TT﹠C system is started working by drive controlling motor and driving system thereof according to control program, driving material by helicallobe 11 advances to feed opening 13 directions, by detecting with screw shaft 12 bonded assembly rotary angle transmitters 23, the angle that turns over of monitoring screw shaft 12 is controlled the inventory of its propelling according to the streams momentum distribution relation in the unit pitch, realizes the reinforced process of accurate quantification.
By above working process, reach the purpose of material being stablized quantifying feed control.

Claims (5)

1. spiral quantitative feeding device, comprise horizontal screw feeding conveyer (1), charging self-checking device (2), control motor and driving system (26), rotary angle transmitter (23) and single chip microcomputer TT﹠C system, it is characterized in that, screw shaft (12) the left end sponson (21) of described horizontal screw feeding conveyer (1) is connected with control motor and driving system (26) transmission shaft, screw shaft (12) right-hand member sponson (22) is connected with rotary angle transmitter (23) transmission shaft by flexible connector (18), screw feeding conveyer (1) top is connected with charging self-checking device (2) by a rectangle inlet point (14), and screw feeding conveyer (1) is fixed on the horizontal operation face by support A (9) and support B (10).
2. a kind of spiral quantitative feeding device according to claim 1 is characterized in that, described charging self-checking device (2) comprises cylindrical shell (7), cylindrical hopper (3), cylindrical roller (8), baffle plate (4), the funnel that connects material (5); The feed pipe (29) of cylindrical shell (7) lower end is connected with the inlet point (14) of screw feeding conveyer (1), cylindrical shell (7) inside is cylindrical hopper (3), concentric two the cylinder ears (30) of symmetry are arranged on cylindrical roller (8) both ends of the surface, cylinder ear (30) embeds on the cylindrical shell (7) in the cooresponding with it ear hole (32), thereby support cylinder cylinder (8), with the concentric installation of cylindrical hopper (3), eight baffle plates of well-distributed (4) have been welded on the cylindrical roller (8), baffle plate (4) is a block length square plate, with cylindrical roller (8), cylindrical hopper (3) is isometric, and the inwall of its outer and cylindrical hopper (3) leaves small gap, cylindrical housings (7) upper end takes over and has the rectangle material receiving port (6) that width is slightly less than cylindrical hopper (3) radius, the funnel (5) that connects material links to each other with material receiving port (6), material receiving port (6) is positioned at the right radius section of cylindrical hopper (3), and its opening length and cylindrical hopper (3), cylindrical roller (8) is isometric, the funnel (5) that connects material is that a upper end open is big, the trapezoidal funnel that lower ending opening is little.
3. a kind of spiral quantitative feeding device according to claim 1 is characterized in that, described control motor and driving system (26) comprise synchrome conveying belt (24), driven pulley (27), hood (31), driving pulley (28) and control motor (25); Hood (31) is fixed on the barrel (19) of screw feeder (1), cover driven pulley (27), driven pulley (27) is installed in the sponson of the screw shaft (12) of screw feeder (1), driving pulley (28) is installed on control motor (25) axle, and control motor (25) is installed on the horizontal operation face.
4. a kind of spiral quantitative feeding device according to claim 1 is characterized in that, described rotary angle transmitter (23) shell is fixed on the side of barrel (19) one ends.
5. a kind of spiral quantitative feeding device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described single chip microcomputer TT﹠C system comprises AT89C52 single chip microcomputer, I/O interface, keyboard, telltale, rotary angle transmitter testing circuit, control motor driving controling circuit, control motor; The control motor is stepping motor or servomotor.
CN2010205800833U 2010-10-28 2010-10-28 Spiral quantitative feeding device CN201890587U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101966925A (en) * 2010-10-28 2011-02-09 江苏大学 Spiral quantitative feeding device and stable feeding method
CN102963689A (en) * 2012-12-11 2013-03-13 赣州逸豪实业有限公司 Automatic feeder for copper foil dissolving pot
CN103318659A (en) * 2013-07-17 2013-09-25 王克伟 Spiral quantitative charging system and method
CN103721867A (en) * 2013-12-26 2014-04-16 广西科技大学 Massecuite feed quantity measuring and controlling device and massecuite feed quantity measuring and controlling method
CN103979320A (en) * 2013-02-07 2014-08-13 上海尊优自动化设备有限公司 Screw feeder
CN105170294A (en) * 2015-07-21 2015-12-23 柳州正高科技有限公司 Drum type corn feeding device
CN105648583A (en) * 2016-01-07 2016-06-08 上海应用技术学院 Glass fiber quantitative conveyer
RU2626057C1 (en) * 2016-10-11 2017-07-21 федеральное государственное бюджетное образовательное учреждение высшего образования "Самарская государственная сельскохозяйственная академия" Mixer-doser of press extruder
CN108669572A (en) * 2018-03-30 2018-10-19 广东技术师范学院天河学院 Stone fruit stoner
CN108787411A (en) * 2017-05-04 2018-11-13 贵港市瑞成科技有限公司 A kind of paddy screening machine

Cited By (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101966925B (en) * 2010-10-28 2012-06-20 江苏大学 Spiral quantitative feeding device and stable feeding method
CN101966925A (en) * 2010-10-28 2011-02-09 江苏大学 Spiral quantitative feeding device and stable feeding method
CN102963689A (en) * 2012-12-11 2013-03-13 赣州逸豪实业有限公司 Automatic feeder for copper foil dissolving pot
CN103979320A (en) * 2013-02-07 2014-08-13 上海尊优自动化设备有限公司 Screw feeder
CN103979320B (en) * 2013-02-07 2016-03-30 上海尊优自动化设备有限公司 Feed screw
CN103318659B (en) * 2013-07-17 2016-05-25 王克伟 Spiral quantitative charging system and spiral quantitative charging process
CN103318659A (en) * 2013-07-17 2013-09-25 王克伟 Spiral quantitative charging system and method
CN103721867A (en) * 2013-12-26 2014-04-16 广西科技大学 Massecuite feed quantity measuring and controlling device and massecuite feed quantity measuring and controlling method
CN103721867B (en) * 2013-12-26 2015-08-19 广西科技大学 Massecuite feeding detector and investigating method
CN105170294A (en) * 2015-07-21 2015-12-23 柳州正高科技有限公司 Drum type corn feeding device
CN105648583A (en) * 2016-01-07 2016-06-08 上海应用技术学院 Glass fiber quantitative conveyer
CN105648583B (en) * 2016-01-07 2017-09-12 上海应用技术学院 Glass fibre apron quantitive conveyor
RU2626057C1 (en) * 2016-10-11 2017-07-21 федеральное государственное бюджетное образовательное учреждение высшего образования "Самарская государственная сельскохозяйственная академия" Mixer-doser of press extruder
CN108787411A (en) * 2017-05-04 2018-11-13 贵港市瑞成科技有限公司 A kind of paddy screening machine
CN108669572A (en) * 2018-03-30 2018-10-19 广东技术师范学院天河学院 Stone fruit stoner

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
AV01 Patent right actively abandoned

Granted publication date: 20110706

Effective date of abandoning: 20120620