CN201887976U - Remote monitoring system for wind-light supplementary street lamp - Google Patents

Remote monitoring system for wind-light supplementary street lamp Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201887976U
CN201887976U CN2010205653213U CN201020565321U CN201887976U CN 201887976 U CN201887976 U CN 201887976U CN 2010205653213 U CN2010205653213 U CN 2010205653213U CN 201020565321 U CN201020565321 U CN 201020565321U CN 201887976 U CN201887976 U CN 201887976U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
module
wind
road lamp
light complementary
control system
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Expired - Lifetime
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CN2010205653213U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
吴昌宏
王洪伟
舒杰
张先勇
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Jiangxi Yinan New Energy Technology Co ltd
Guangzhou Institute of Energy Conversion of CAS
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Jiangxi Yinan New Energy Technology Co ltd
Guangzhou Institute of Energy Conversion of CAS
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Priority to CN2010205653213U priority Critical patent/CN201887976U/en
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Publication of CN201887976U publication Critical patent/CN201887976U/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B20/00Energy efficient lighting technologies, e.g. halogen lamps or gas discharge lamps
    • Y02B20/40Control techniques providing energy savings, e.g. smart controller or presence detection
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B20/00Energy efficient lighting technologies, e.g. halogen lamps or gas discharge lamps
    • Y02B20/72Energy efficient lighting technologies, e.g. halogen lamps or gas discharge lamps in street lighting

Abstract

The utility model discloses a remote monitoring system for a wind-light supplementary street lamp. The remote monitoring system is characterized in that an external sensor, a remote monitoring device, and a server data monitoring center are comprised. The external sensor, the remote monitoring device and the server data monitoring center are sequentially connected; the remote monitoring device comprises a microprocessor, a GPRS (General Packet Radio Service) module, an A/D sampling module, a memorizer module and a switching value output module, wherein the GPRS module, the A/D sampling module, the memorizer module and the switching value output module are respectively connected with the microprocessor; and the GPRS module is in wireless connection with the server data monitoring center. By adopting the remote monitoring system, local wind power and solar energy conditions (wind-speed distribution and solar energy radiation), the system running state (real time power, voltage/current and accumulated generated electrical energy), load performance, system fault treatment, etc. can be informed in a real-time manner.

Description

A kind of wind and light complementary road lamp long distance control system
Technical field
The utility model relates to the renewable energy power generation application, and the in particular a kind of GPRS of employing mechanics of communication is carried out the system of remote monitoring to wind and light complementary road lamp.
Background technology
The development and use of new forms of energy and regenerative resource are the important means that solves human energy shortage, reduces greenhouse gas emission.In recent years, the development and use of regenerative resources such as solar energy, wind energy were swift and violent in China's development, and annual growth reaches more than 50%.Because wind energy, solar energy resources have complementarity on time and region, so wind light mutual complementing power generation becomes a kind of important energy and utilizes scheme.Wind and light complementary road lamp is that wind light mutual complementing utilizes modal form, and it mainly comprises solar panel, small-sized wind power generator, controller, batteries and lamp stand, road-light light-source.Different with conventional street lamp, wind and light complementary road lamp adopts clean solar energy, wind energy as the energy, do not consume fossil energy, do not discharge pernicious gases such as carbon dioxide, and easy for installation, do not need transmission line, do not need ditching to sunken cord yet, do not consume the civil power electric energy, install at the road of no transmission lines such as rural road, highway and have excellent economy.Wind and light complementary road lamp had obtained applying at home gradually in recent years, and the construction of wind and light complementary road lamp has embodied the city theory of government building low-carbon (LC), energy-conserving and environment-protective, had represented a direction of following street lamp development.
Wind and light complementary road lamp generally is installed in remote and unattended place, and it is very difficult, loaded down with trivial details carrying out monitoring and maintenance to widely-dispersed wind and light complementary road lamp on the region, needs great amount of manpower and material resources.
Therefore, prior art has yet to be improved and developed.
The utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of wind and light complementary road lamp long distance control system, is intended to the problem that solves the monitoring in real time of existing wind and light complementary road lamp system and safeguard.
The technical solution of the utility model is as follows:
A kind of wind and light complementary road lamp long distance control system wherein, comprises external sensor, long-distance monitorng device and server data monitor center, and described external sensor, long-distance monitorng device and server data monitor center are connected successively;
Described long-distance monitorng device comprises microprocessor, GPRS module, A/D sampling module, memory module and switching value output module,
Described GPRS module, A/D sampling module, memory module and switching value output module all are connected to described microprocessor,
The described server data of described GPRS module wireless connections Surveillance center.
Described wind and light complementary road lamp long distance control system, wherein, described long-distance monitorng device also comprises real-time clock module, described real-time clock module connects described microprocessor.
Described wind and light complementary road lamp long distance control system, wherein, described long-distance monitorng device also comprises the state display module, described state display module connects described microprocessor.
Described wind and light complementary road lamp long distance control system, wherein, described external sensor comprises solar radiation sensor, described solar radiation sensor is connected to the A/D sampling module.
Described wind and light complementary road lamp long distance control system, wherein, described external sensor comprises air velocity transducer, described air velocity transducer is connected directly to microprocessor.
Described wind and light complementary road lamp long distance control system, wherein, described external sensor comprises voltage sensor, described voltage sensor is connected to the A/D sampling module.
Described wind and light complementary road lamp long distance control system, wherein, described external sensor comprises current sensor, described current sensor is connected to the A/D sampling module.
Described wind and light complementary road lamp long distance control system, wherein, described external sensor comprises temperature sensor, described temperature sensor is connected to the A/D sampling module.
Described wind and light complementary road lamp long distance control system, wherein, described switching value output module is relay output, the external auxiliary relay of output is by the switch of auxiliary relay control street lamp.
Described wind and light complementary road lamp long distance control system, wherein, described server data Surveillance center is a computer.
The beneficial effects of the utility model: the utility model carries out remote monitoring by adopting the GPRS mechanics of communication to wind and light complementary road lamp, understands local wind-force/solar energy resources situation (wind speed profile, solar radiation), system operation situation (realtime power, voltage/current, accumulative total energy output), loaded work piece situation, system failure processing etc.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a principle of compositionality block diagram of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is a microcontroller circuit schematic diagram of the present utility model;
Fig. 3 is a power module circuitry schematic diagram of the present utility model;
Fig. 4 is a GPRS modular circuit schematic diagram of the present utility model;
Fig. 5 is the circuit theory diagrams of A/D sampling module of the present utility model;
Fig. 6 is the circuit theory diagrams of real-time clock module of the present utility model and memory module;
Fig. 7 is the circuit theory diagrams of switching value output module of the present utility model and state display module.
Embodiment
For making the purpose of this utility model, technical scheme and advantage clearer, clear and definite, below the utility model is further described with reference to the accompanying drawing embodiment that develops simultaneously.
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of wind and light complementary road lamp long distance control system of the utility model, it adopts the GPRS mechanics of communication that wind and light complementary road lamp is carried out remote monitoring, it comprises external sensor, long-distance monitorng device and server data monitor center, and described external sensor, long-distance monitorng device and server data monitor center are connected successively.Described long-distance monitorng device is installed near the controller of wind and light complementary road lamp.Described long-distance monitorng device comprises microprocessor, power module, GPRS module, A/D sampling module, real-time clock module, memory module, switching value output module and state display module.Microprocessor is controlled core as system, and described GPRS module, A/D sampling module, real-time clock module, memory module, switching value output module and state display module all are connected to described microprocessor.Described power module is used for providing working power to each module of device.
Described external sensor comprises solar radiation sensor, air velocity transducer, voltage sensor, current sensor and temperature sensor.Respectively the output voltage of intensity of solar radiation, wind speed, blower fan/solar cell, temperature etc. are carried out data acquisition by external each external sensor.Solar radiation sensor, voltage sensor, current sensor and temperature sensor are connected to the A/D sampling module; Described air velocity transducer is connected directly to microprocessor.
Described microprocessor also sends communicating to connect of instruction foundation and server data Surveillance center to the GPRS module.The switch control of street lamp is carried out in the instruction that described GPRS module also is used to receive and the resolution server data monitor center sends, control switch amount output module.Server data Surveillance center is the computer of the Internet in the connection.
Described power module adopts the direct battery power of wind and light complementary road lamp, output provide 5V, 4.2V, ± three kinds of electric pressures of 15V, microprocessor, external device module and external sensor working power as long-distance monitorng device, wherein peripheral module operating voltage such as microprocessor is 5V, GPRS module operating voltage is 4.2V, and ± 15V is the external electrical quantity sensor operating voltage of A/D sampling module.
As shown in Figure 2, power module directly adopts the battery tension input, and input voltage range is 7-40V, is output as 3 kinds of electric pressures.Be input to the adjustable integrated regulator U4 of LM2576T, 2 pairs of output voltages of resistance R 1 and resistance R carry out dividing potential drop and feed back to U4, and control makes output voltage V BAT be stabilized in 4.2V, and maximum output current reaches 3A, as the working power of GPRS module.Be input to LM2575T integrated regulator U2, output VCC is 5V, as the working power of microprocessor and other peripheral module.Be input to DC-DC module U6, exporting provides ± and 15V voltage is external transducer power supply, and power output is 3W.
Referring to Fig. 3, microprocessor U7 is 8 high-speed microprocessor ATmega128, mainly carries out data acquisition, GPRS module radio communication etc.Other module is connected with the port pinout of ATmega128, mainly carries out data acquisition, wireless data transceiving, switch/State Control etc.
The GPRS module adopts the SIM300 of SIMCOM company, have functions such as short message receiving-transmitting, GPRS online, phone, support agreements such as PPP, TCP/IP, DNS, pin level is 3V, is undertaken being connected with the Asynchronous Serial Interface of ATmega128 after the 3V-5V level conversion by the 74HC07 buffer.
As shown in Figure 4, GPRS module U13 model is SIM300, and the SIM card interface directly is connected with 3.0VSIM card U16.Because the port level of SIM300 is 3V, must be through could being connected with the single chip computer AT mega128 of 5V power supply after the level conversion, here adopt high-speed buffer 74HC07 to carry out the 3V-5V level conversion, be connected with the Asynchronous Serial Interface of single chip computer AT mega128, ATmega128 sends the AT instruction by serial ports, and SIM300 is carried out machine open/close, state-detection, sets up operations such as network connection, data wireless transmitting-receiving.
The A/D sampling module is 11 tunnel 12 A/D converter spare TLC2543, range 0-5V, external voltage transducer, current sensor, solar radiation sensor and PT100 temperature sensor.The pulse signal of described air velocity transducer output is directly received the counter input pin of single chip computer AT mega128, calculates the size of wind speed by measuring pulse frequency.Solar radiation sensor is output as millivolt signal, needs to be amplified to 0-5V through amplifying circuit, just can be linked into TLC2543 sampling input pin.
As shown in Figure 5, the A/D sampling module is that 11 tunnel 12 A/D device U5 and the current/voltage input channel of TLC2543 constitutes by model, can sample to voltage or electric current, only need switch by short circuit cap W1 to W8.When being input as voltage, disconnect short circuit cap, insert the TLC2543 input pin after the input voltage process RC filtering, voltage range is 0-5V; When being input as electric current, connect short circuit cap W, electric current flows through 250 Ohmic resistances and is converted into voltage, through being input to the TLC2543 pin after the RC filtering, current range is 4-20mA, and the SPI interface of TLC2543 is connected with the SPI interface of single chip computer AT mega128, realizes the data high-speed sampling.
Real-time clock module is DS1302, microprocessor reads DS1302 when carrying out data acquisition such as electric energy time, obtain the wind and light complementary road lamp generating situation under at a time in real time, and the time interval of data acquisition is 1 second.
As shown in Figure 6, the model of real-time timepiece chip U3 is DS1302, be circumscribed with 3.6V 20mAh nickel-hydrogen chargeable cell, in the time of power supply battery is charged, keep the clock chip non-stop run, microprocessor reads DS1302 when carrying out data acquisition such as electric energy time obtains the wind and light complementary road lamp generating situation under at a time in real time, and the time interval of data acquisition is 1 second.
Continuation is referring to Fig. 6, memory chip U9 is the outage preservation type EEPROM of 256K, model is 24C256, be connected with the TWI interface of single chip computer AT mega128 by the I2C bus, the day photovoltaic energy output that single-chip microcomputer will calculate, day blower fan energy output, daily load power consumption, accumulative total energy output, accumulative total power consumption etc. are stored in the memory.
As shown in Figure 7, switching value output module 11 is relay output, and the external auxiliary relay of output is by the switch of auxiliary relay control street lamp.
Please continue referring to Fig. 7, state display module 12 adopts 3 LED light-emitting diodes to export as state, and wherein LED1 is a power supply indicator, and LED2 is that network connects indicator light, and network will be bright on connecting, otherwise for going out; LED3 is the wireless data transmission indicator light, the data transmission is arranged or receive data, and LED3 will glimmer.By observing LED light, can recognize the operating state of system.Adopt 2 relays to export as switch module, by controlling external auxiliary relay, can the big street lamp load of power controlling, avoid the excessive electric current in remote supervisory and control(ling) equipment upper reaches.
The monitoring interface software of server data Surveillance center for developing under Microsoft Visual Basic6.0 platform carries out real time data demonstration, storage, and can be by the switching value output module action of GPRS network commands for controlling long-distance monitorng device.
The wireless remote monitering technology mainly by means of the relay transmission technology of microwave station or artificial satellite as: utilize that the special-purpose signal channel of travelling frequently transmits on the base station of mobile communication, the solar photovoltaic power plant on the western a lot of mobile base stations of China comes to this and realizes monitoring; Another is based on the industrial process control and the supervisory control system of GSM/GPRS module radio mobile communication network, it is to utilize the data communication business of mobile communication GSM/GPRS or SMS (Short Message Service) SMS service etc. to realize remote monitoring, along with the maturation of mobile communication 3G technology, can also realize the magnanimity transmission of audio video data.Another is exactly in non-isolated area but the place that inconvenience is connected up and had Internet to cover, and adopts radio modem or wireless network card to combine with the Internet that widely uses and realizes remote monitoring.
The GPRS network wide coverage, no space and distance limit, the wind and light complementary road lamp remote control technology scheme that the utility model provides adopts the GPRS mechanics of communication, has the following advantages:
1), adopt packet-switch technology, each user can take a plurality of wireless channels simultaneously, same channel again can be for a plurality of users use, to improve the utilance of wireless channel.
2), the user is always online, guarantees real time of data transmission, presses flow charging, can effectively reduce cost.
3), based on the IP agreement, powerful Internet access capability is provided.
4), access speed is fast, wireless transmission rate theoretical velocity 171.15kb/s.
The utility model wind and light complementary road lamp long distance control system collects a large amount of field datas through outdoor installation and operation, and for wind and light complementary road lamp system performance analysis and evaluation provide useful material, also the engineering application for wind and light complementary road lamp provides reference.
Adopt remote control technology that wind and light complementary road lamp is monitored in real time, its meaning is:
1), can monitor in real time and control the operation conditions of wind and light complementary road lamp.Because wind and light complementary road lamp mostly is installed in unattended remote districts, the operation conditions to system that people can not real-time on-site is accomplished monitoring; A lot of in addition wind and light complementary road lamp systems that relatively concentrate also need centralized monitor.Can reduce artificial disturbance, save manpower, reduce maintenance cost etc. by remote control technology, realize intellectual monitoring and control.
2), to the real-time monitoring of wind and light complementary road lamp, can obtain raw measurement data, for the improvement of system and optimization and scientific research provide useful data.Wind and light complementary road lamp is a stand alone generating system, the reasonable disposition of system's each several part capacity is extremely important to the functional reliability that guarantees road lamp system, particularly wind-powered electricity generation and electro-optical system capacity configuration between the two not only affects systematic function but also is related to system cost.At first Dang Di solar energy, wind energy resources situation etc. are foundations of wind-powered electricity generation and photoelectricity Capacity Selection.Its less important understanding street lamp load power load, in order to guarantee the street lamp operate as normal, the per day energy output of design electricity generation system is greater than daily load power consumption.Environmental factors such as intensity of solar radiation, wind speed, temperature in time, Changes in weather is widely different, energy output to the wind and light complementary road lamp system has a significant impact, thereby need the complete supervisory control system of a cover that the major parameter of wind and light complementary road lamp is monitored, recognize real-time environmental resource situation, wind and light complementary road lamp working condition, loaded work piece situation etc., simultaneously by continuous data monitoring to wind and light complementary road lamp, for street lamp performance and economic analysis provide the data foundation, further optimization system configuration improves road lamp system efficient.
Should be understood that; application of the present utility model is not limited to above-mentioned giving an example; for those of ordinary skills, can be improved according to the above description or conversion, all these improvement and conversion all should belong to the protection range of the utility model claims.

Claims (10)

1. a wind and light complementary road lamp long distance control system is characterized in that, comprises external sensor, long-distance monitorng device and server data monitor center, and described external sensor, long-distance monitorng device and server data monitor center are connected successively;
Described long-distance monitorng device comprises microprocessor, GPRS module, A/D sampling module, memory module and switching value output module,
Described GPRS module, A/D sampling module, memory module and switching value output module all are connected to described microprocessor,
The described server data of described GPRS module wireless connections Surveillance center.
2. wind and light complementary road lamp long distance control system according to claim 1 is characterized in that described long-distance monitorng device also comprises real-time clock module, and described real-time clock module connects described microprocessor.
3. wind and light complementary road lamp long distance control system according to claim 1 is characterized in that described long-distance monitorng device also comprises the state display module, and described state display module connects described microprocessor.
4. wind and light complementary road lamp long distance control system according to claim 1 is characterized in that described external sensor comprises solar radiation sensor, and described solar radiation sensor is connected to the A/D sampling module.
5. wind and light complementary road lamp long distance control system according to claim 1 is characterized in that described external sensor comprises air velocity transducer, and described air velocity transducer is connected directly to microprocessor.
6. wind and light complementary road lamp long distance control system according to claim 1 is characterized in that described external sensor comprises voltage sensor, and described voltage sensor is connected to the A/D sampling module.
7. wind and light complementary road lamp long distance control system according to claim 1 is characterized in that described external sensor comprises current sensor, and described current sensor is connected to the A/D sampling module.
8. wind and light complementary road lamp long distance control system according to claim 1 is characterized in that described external sensor comprises temperature sensor, and described temperature sensor is connected to the A/D sampling module.
9. wind and light complementary road lamp long distance control system according to claim 1 is characterized in that, described switching value output module is relay output, and the external auxiliary relay of output is by the switch of auxiliary relay control street lamp.
10. wind and light complementary road lamp long distance control system according to claim 1 is characterized in that, described server data Surveillance center is a computer.
CN2010205653213U 2010-10-15 2010-10-15 Remote monitoring system for wind-light supplementary street lamp Expired - Lifetime CN201887976U (en)

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102593935A (en) * 2012-02-08 2012-07-18 苏州大学 Wind energy and light energy complementary power supply system and street lamp
CN103002486A (en) * 2012-03-27 2013-03-27 李岳华 GPRS (general packet radio service)/GSM (global system for mobile communication) network based relay station remote wireless monitoring system
CN105208725A (en) * 2015-09-10 2015-12-30 安徽弘宇照明科技有限公司 Wireless-network-interconnected type streetlamp device
CN107231739A (en) * 2017-07-05 2017-10-03 江苏腾宇信息科技有限公司 A kind of field level Street Lamp Monitor System
CN107396513A (en) * 2017-06-29 2017-11-24 江苏腾宇信息科技有限公司 A kind of streetlamp monitoring terminal controller

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102593935A (en) * 2012-02-08 2012-07-18 苏州大学 Wind energy and light energy complementary power supply system and street lamp
CN103002486A (en) * 2012-03-27 2013-03-27 李岳华 GPRS (general packet radio service)/GSM (global system for mobile communication) network based relay station remote wireless monitoring system
CN105208725A (en) * 2015-09-10 2015-12-30 安徽弘宇照明科技有限公司 Wireless-network-interconnected type streetlamp device
CN107396513A (en) * 2017-06-29 2017-11-24 江苏腾宇信息科技有限公司 A kind of streetlamp monitoring terminal controller
CN107396513B (en) * 2017-06-29 2020-04-21 江苏腾宇信息科技有限公司 Street lamp monitoring terminal controller
CN107231739A (en) * 2017-07-05 2017-10-03 江苏腾宇信息科技有限公司 A kind of field level Street Lamp Monitor System

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Granted publication date: 20110629