CN201876732U - Sun real-time tracking system - Google Patents

Sun real-time tracking system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201876732U
CN201876732U CN2010206432082U CN201020643208U CN201876732U CN 201876732 U CN201876732 U CN 201876732U CN 2010206432082 U CN2010206432082 U CN 2010206432082U CN 201020643208 U CN201020643208 U CN 201020643208U CN 201876732 U CN201876732 U CN 201876732U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
box
time tracking
sun
microcontroller
lucifuge box
Prior art date
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Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN2010206432082U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
严兵
代晓磊
李峰
郏中辉
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ANHUI WIND-SOLAR TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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ANHUI WIND-SOLAR TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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Priority to CN2010206432082U priority Critical patent/CN201876732U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN201876732U publication Critical patent/CN201876732U/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a sun real-time tracking system, which comprises a microcontroller, a light avoiding box, a driver used for controlling the working state of a motor and the motor used for changing the direction angle of a solar collection panel. A light hole is arranged on the inner top surface of the light avoiding box. A horizontally-arranged convex lens planar array is arranged in the light avoiding box. A photosensitive element array is arranged at the bottom of the light avoiding box. Each photosensitive element is connected with the microcontroller. The microcontroller is used for calculating the azimuth angle of the sun according to the signals acquired by the photosensitive elements and sending commands to the driver. The sun real-time tracking system is particularly suitable for a solar power generation system and has the advantages of high detection accuracy, high automation and intelligent level, high environment adaptability, high system reliability, low cost, simple structure and the like.

Description

Sun real-time tracking system
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of sun real-time tracking system, especially a kind of sun real-time tracking system that is used for solar power system.
Background technology
The energy is the important substance basis that human society is depended on for existence and development.Along with China's rapid growth of economy, energy demand significantly increases, and energy supply and demand is particularly thorny.Country also encourages new forms of energy such as development and utilization sun power, wind energy and hydropower when promotion is energy-conservation.Sun power is a kind of cleaning, oligosaprobic new forms of energy, but solar energy utilization rate is lower at present.Use at present photoelectric transformation efficiency in the photovoltaic power generation apparatus more widely only up to about 16%, low excessively light energy use efficiency causes cost of electricity-generating too high, and this is the one of the main reasons that the restriction solar energy generation technology develops.As everyone knows, when the sunray vertical irradiation during in lighting equipment the efficiency of light energy utilization the highest.If sunray can keep the state perpendicular to the lighting equipment of device of solar generating always, so just can make device of solar generating keep best light-use state, can improve solar energy utilization rate.In the prior art, solar tracking device is at present main to adopt following several method to realize: the constant voltage determining method, progressively reduce the method, admittance differential method of the distance of original state and dbjective state and by the method for Two-dimensional PSD for the basis, more than big, the sampled result of these method ubiquity error ratios about maximum power point, vibrate back and forth and the more high shortcoming of price.Present solar automatic tracking system mostly has problems such as system complex, reliability and stability are relatively poor, system maintenance operating cost is too high, environmental suitability is poor, automaticity is low.
The utility model content
The utility model is the weak point that exists in the above-mentioned prior art for avoiding, and a kind of sun real-time tracking system is provided, and with the cost of the sum of errors system that reduces solar tracking, simplified system also improves the automaticity and the adaptive capacity to environment of system.
The utility model be the technical solution problem by the following technical solutions.
Sun real-time tracking system, its design feature are the driver that comprises microcontroller, lucifuge box, is used to change the motor of solar energy collecting plate deflection and is used to control electric machine operation state; Offer light hole on the end face in the lucifuge box, be provided with the convex lens planar array that is provided with in the mode that is parallel to lucifuge box bottom surface in the lucifuge box, lucifuge box bottom is provided with photoarray; Each light activated element all is connected with microcontroller; Microcontroller is used for the position angle according to the calculated signals sun that obtains from light activated element, and sends instruction to driver; Be connected by data line between driver and the microcontroller; Be connected by lead between motor and the driver.
The design feature of sun real-time tracking system of the present utility model also is:
Described lucifuge box is the cuboid box, and light hole is located at the central part of lucifuge box top.
Described lucifuge box is cylindrical box, and the end face of lucifuge box is a circular conical surface, and light hole is located at the cone top part of circular conical surface; Wherein the angle between circular conical surface bus and the circular conical surface axis is A, and 80 °≤A≤85 °.
Described light hole place is sealed and installed with glass sheet.
Described microcontroller is the mega16 single-chip microcomputer.
Described driver is the uln2003 darlington array.
The plane parallel at described convex lens planar array place is in the bottom surface of lucifuge box, and the distance between the plane at planar array place and the lucifuge box bottom surface is 2/3 of a lucifuge box overall height.
The horizontal section of described convex lens is regular hexagon.
Compared with the prior art, the utility model beneficial effect is embodied in:
The utility model utilizes the principle of corona, establish light hole by backing down at airtight lucifuge box, sunshine is introduced the lucifuge box and used convex lens optically focused, converge light by the light activated element reception, can avoid adopting extraneous light to influence light activated element, light activated element is not subject to the influence of extraneous scattered light, has improved the accuracy in detection of angle of sun rays, can reduce the error of solar tracking.Adopt the microprocessor controls driver, and, improved the robotization and the intelligent degree of system by the driver drives motor.Solar azimuth is to calculate acquisition according to trigonometric function and inverse trigonometric function, and computational accuracy can reach 0.01 °.The end face of lucifuge box is set to circular conical surface, and the light hole place is sealed and installed with glass sheet, can avoid rainwater to enter the lucifuge box, has improved the adaptive capacity to environment of system.The horizontal section of convex lens is regular hexagon, can make each convex lens be connected with six adjacent convex lens, improves the resolution characteristic of facula position, and the accuracy in computation with the angle that improves sunray reduces systematic error; And can come the detection resolution of Adjustment System by the size of adjusting convex lens, adjustable is relatively good.The mega16 single-chip microcomputer, that the uln2003 darlington array is compared the like product price is lower, can reduce the cost of system; The uln2003 darlington array is the high-voltage large current darlington array, and characteristics such as have current gain height, operating voltage height, temperature range is wide, carrying load ability is strong can be adapted to the system of each generic request high-power driving, have improved the reliability of system.The utility model is established light hole by backing down at airtight lucifuge box, in the lucifuge box, establish convex lens optically focused, simple in structure, realize easily and cost of manufacture lower, also have accuracy in detection height, robotization and intelligent degree height, adaptive capacity to environment is good, system reliability is high and low cost and other advantages.
The utility model is particularly useful for solar power system, also can be used for the equipment that solar water heater etc. utilizes sun power.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structured flowchart of the utility model sun real-time tracking system.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the lucifuge box of the utility model sun real-time tracking system.
Fig. 3 is that angle of sun rays of the present utility model is calculated synoptic diagram.
Fig. 4 is the connection diagram between light activated element of the present utility model and the microcontroller.
Fig. 5 is the motor-driven schematic diagram of one of them embodiment of the present utility model.
Label in accompanying drawing 1, accompanying drawing 2, accompanying drawing 3, accompanying drawing 4 and the accompanying drawing 5: 1 lucifuge box, 2 light holes, 3 convex lens, 4 light activated elements, 5 sunrays, 6 microcontrollers, 7 drivers, 8 motors.
Below pass through embodiment, and the utility model is described in further detail in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
Embodiment
Referring to Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 3, Fig. 4 and Fig. 5, sun real-time tracking system, the driver 7 that comprises microcontroller 6, lucifuge box 1, is used to change the motor 8 of solar energy collecting plate deflection and is used to control motor 8 duties; Offer light hole 2 on the end face in the lucifuge box 1, be provided with convex lens 3 planar arrays that are provided with in the mode that is parallel to lucifuge box bottom surface in the lucifuge box 1, lucifuge box 1 bottom is provided with light activated element 4 arrays; Each light activated element 4 all is connected with microcontroller 6; Microcontroller 6 is used for the position angle according to the calculated signals sun that obtains from light activated element 4, and sends instruction to driver 7; Be connected by data line between driver 7 and the microcontroller 6; Be connected by lead between motor 8 and the driver 7.Lucifuge box 1 is the cuboid box, and light hole 2 is located at the central part of lucifuge box 1 end face.Lucifuge box 1 is cylindrical box, and the end face of lucifuge box 1 is a circular conical surface, and light hole 2 is located at the cone top part of circular conical surface; Wherein the angle between circular conical surface bus and the circular conical surface axis is A, and 80 °≤A≤85 °.Light hole 2 places are sealed and installed with glass sheet, enter the lucifuge box to prevent rainwater, dust and other impurities.Microcontroller 6 is preferably the mega16 single-chip microcomputer.Driver 7 is preferably the uln2003 darlington array.The plane parallel at convex lens 3 planar array places is in the bottom surface of lucifuge box 1, and the distance between the plane at planar array place and lucifuge box 1 bottom surface is 2/3 of lucifuge box 1 overall height.The horizontal section of convex lens 3 is regular hexagon.
Adopt seamless link between hexagonal convex lens, form tight convex lens planar array.Light activated element is located at the bottom of lucifuge box, and the position of each light activated element determines that the distance of light activated element and bottom center's point is also fixed.When sunray 5 is injected in the lucifuge box by light hole, form hot spot by aperture, hot spot is radiated on the convex lens and by convex lens sunray 5 is converged, hot spot after converging is radiated on the light activated element, the light activated element that is shone by hot spot produces electric signal and electric signal is inputed to microcontroller, according to the position of light activated element in array, calculate the position angle of the sun by microcontroller according to default formula.Be provided with the original state of solar energy collecting plate in the microcontroller, can original state be set to solar energy collecting plate towards the due south or due east, the angle of solar energy collecting plate and surface level is 45 °.Microcontroller is according to original state and real-time position angle of calculating, the calculation control parameter also produces control signal corresponding, and control signal is sent to driver, move by the driver drives motor, change the deflection of solar energy collecting plate, make the sunray vertical irradiation on solar energy collecting plate, to reach the purpose of farthest utilizing sun power.
Control program is installed in the microcontroller, can be in program working time of initialization system, as 7:00-19:00.In the working time of setting, the initialization of the advanced line position of system, determine to adjust benchmark, such as with solar energy collecting plate towards due east, the angle of solar energy collecting plate and surface level is 45 ° and is initial normal condition, according to solar azimuth and the normal condition calculated, by motor solar energy collecting plate is adjusted, the location parameter with system after the adjustment deposits in the storer of microcontroller.When needs are adjusted once more,, carry out adjustment next time according to last time location parameter that obtains and the solar azimuth that calculates gained.When the evening draws on, control program according to the time of setting with system closing.At dark weather, owing to there is not hot spot to occur on the light activated element, system can be in original state always.
Among Fig. 3, α is the angle between sunray 5 and the surface level.β is the angle of sunray 5 between the direction in the projection on the surface level and due east of presetting or due south.According to trigonometric function and inverse trigonometric function,, obtain controlled variable and produce control signal by calculating α and β.Among Fig. 4, R1~R4 is a resistance, and PB0~PB3, PC0~PC3 are the input port of single-chip microcomputer mega16.Fig. 5 is the motor-driven schematic diagram, and single-chip microcomputer mega16 is connected with darlington array uln2003 by line interface, and the output port of darlington array uln2003 is connected with motor; PD0~PD3 is the output port of single-chip microcomputer mega16, and 1B~3B is the input port of darlington array uln2003, and 1C~3C's is the output port of darlington array uln2003.
The utility model utilizes the principle of corona, establish light hole by backing down at airtight lucifuge box, sunshine is introduced the lucifuge box and used convex lens optically focused, converge light by the light activated element reception, can avoid adopting extraneous light to influence light activated element, light activated element is not subject to the influence of extraneous scattered light, has improved the accuracy in detection of angle of sun rays, can reduce the error of solar tracking.Adopt the microprocessor controls driver, and, improved the robotization and the intelligent degree of system by the driver drives motor.Solar azimuth is to calculate acquisition according to trigonometric function and inverse trigonometric function, and computational accuracy can reach 0.01 °.The end face of lucifuge box is set to circular conical surface, and the light hole place is sealed and installed with glass sheet, can avoid rainwater to enter the lucifuge box, has improved the adaptive capacity to environment of system.The horizontal section of convex lens is regular hexagon, can make each convex lens be connected with six adjacent convex lens, improves the resolution characteristic of facula position, and the accuracy in computation with the angle that improves sunray reduces systematic error; And can come the detection resolution of Adjustment System by the size of adjusting convex lens, adjustable is relatively good.The mega16 single-chip microcomputer, that the uln2003 darlington array is compared the like product price is lower, can reduce the cost of system; The uln2003 darlington array is the high-voltage large current darlington array, and characteristics such as have current gain height, operating voltage height, temperature range is wide, carrying load ability is strong can be adapted to the system of each generic request high-power driving, have improved the reliability of system.The utility model is established light hole by backing down at airtight lucifuge box, in the lucifuge box, establish convex lens optically focused, simple in structure, realize easily and cost of manufacture lower, also have accuracy in detection height, robotization and intelligent degree height, adaptive capacity to environment is good, system reliability is high and low cost and other advantages.
The utility model is particularly useful for solar power system, also can be used for the equipment that solar water heater etc. utilizes sun power.

Claims (8)

1. sun real-time tracking system is characterized in that, comprises microcontroller (6), lucifuge box (1), is used to change the motor (8) of solar energy collecting plate deflection and is used to control the driver (7) of motor (8) duty; Offer light hole (2) on the end face in the lucifuge box (1), be provided with convex lens (3) planar array that is provided with in the mode that is parallel to lucifuge box bottom surface in the lucifuge box (1), lucifuge box (1) bottom is provided with light activated element (4) array; Each light activated element (4) all is connected with microcontroller (6); Microcontroller (6) is used for the position angle according to the calculated signals sun that obtains from light activated element (4), and sends instruction to driver (7); Be connected by data line between driver (7) and the microcontroller (6); Be connected by lead between motor (8) and the driver.
2. sun real-time tracking system according to claim 1 is characterized in that described lucifuge box (1) is the cuboid box, and light hole (2) is located at the central part of lucifuge box (1) end face.
3. sun real-time tracking system according to claim 1 is characterized in that described lucifuge box (1) is cylindrical box, and the end face of lucifuge box (1) is a circular conical surface, and light hole (2) is located at the cone top part of circular conical surface; Wherein the angle between circular conical surface bus and the circular conical surface axis is A, and 80 °≤A≤85 °.
4. according to claim 1,2 or 3 described sun real-time tracking systems, it is characterized in that described light hole (2) locates to be sealed and installed with glass sheet.
5. sun real-time tracking system according to claim 1 is characterized in that described microcontroller (6) is the mega16 single-chip microcomputer.
6. sun real-time tracking system according to claim 1 is characterized in that described driver (7) is the uln2003 darlington array.
7. sun real-time tracking system according to claim 1, the plane parallel that it is characterized in that described convex lens (3) planar array place is in the bottom surface of lucifuge box (1), and the distance between the plane at planar array place and lucifuge box (1) bottom surface is 2/3 of lucifuge box (a 1) overall height.
8. sun real-time tracking system according to claim 1 is characterized in that the horizontal section of described convex lens (3) is regular hexagon.
CN2010206432082U 2010-12-06 2010-12-06 Sun real-time tracking system Expired - Fee Related CN201876732U (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101995882A (en) * 2010-12-06 2011-03-30 安徽风日光电科技有限责任公司 Real-time sun tracking system
WO2013170563A1 (en) * 2012-05-17 2013-11-21 上海植晶生物科技有限公司 Real-time solar energy tracking system
CN107643769A (en) * 2017-07-31 2018-01-30 东南大学 A kind of solar focusing sun-following device and position of sun monitoring method

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101995882A (en) * 2010-12-06 2011-03-30 安徽风日光电科技有限责任公司 Real-time sun tracking system
WO2013170563A1 (en) * 2012-05-17 2013-11-21 上海植晶生物科技有限公司 Real-time solar energy tracking system
US20150076319A1 (en) * 2012-05-17 2015-03-19 Hefei Zhang Real-time Solar Tracking System
US9354294B2 (en) * 2012-05-17 2016-05-31 Junjun Fu Solar tracking system in real time including a light-resistant box with a loophole at a top surface being smaller than each convex lens in a conex lens plane array located within the light-resistant box
CN107643769A (en) * 2017-07-31 2018-01-30 东南大学 A kind of solar focusing sun-following device and position of sun monitoring method
CN107643769B (en) * 2017-07-31 2021-05-11 东南大学 Solar focusing sun tracking device and sun position monitoring method

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20110622

Termination date: 20121206

C17 Cessation of patent right