CN201874100U - Thin plastering external insulation system of exterior wall using foam concrete insulation plate - Google Patents

Thin plastering external insulation system of exterior wall using foam concrete insulation plate Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201874100U
CN201874100U CN2009202827850U CN200920282785U CN201874100U CN 201874100 U CN201874100 U CN 201874100U CN 2009202827850 U CN2009202827850 U CN 2009202827850U CN 200920282785 U CN200920282785 U CN 200920282785U CN 201874100 U CN201874100 U CN 201874100U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
insulation
warming plate
foam concrete
external
concrete
Prior art date
Application number
CN2009202827850U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
钱海明
徐国启
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南京春迈建筑科技有限公司
钱海明
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Application filed by 南京春迈建筑科技有限公司, 钱海明 filed Critical 南京春迈建筑科技有限公司
Priority to CN2009202827850U priority Critical patent/CN201874100U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN201874100U publication Critical patent/CN201874100U/en

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Abstract

The utility model relates to a thin plastering external insulation system of an exterior wall using a foam concrete insulation plate. The system comprises an adhering layer (2), an insulation layer (3) and a thin plastering reinforcing protection layer (4), and is characterized in that the adhering layer (2), the insulation layer (3) and the thin plastering reinforcing protection layer (4) are sequentially arranged outside a base wall body (1); and the insulation layer (3) is a foam concrete insulation plate. As the foam (aerated) concrete insulation plate is used as the insulation layer, the external insulation system of the exterior wall has good construction property, and the compatibility between the layers of the system is good; after the detection and analysis by experts, the adhesion force between the wall body and the concrete insulation plate used as the insulation material of the wall body can reach 0.4Mpa. As the size of micropores of the concrete insulation plate is strictly controlled and particularly treated, the concrete insulation plate has better adhesion effect than that of the common inorganic hard insulation material and the organic insulation plate, the phenomena of hollowing and cracking do not occur, and the capability of resisting negative pressure (suction force) is strong; and the system also has the characteristics of fireproof and heat insulation performances, the service life is as the same as that of the building, the wastes can be utilized, the environment is protected, and the like.

Description

Foam concrete warming plate external insulating system for thinly plastered external wall
Technical field
The utility model relates to the construction wall field, especially a kind of foam concrete warming plate external insulating system for thinly plastered external wall.
Background technology
At present, China be usually used in that construction wall heat insulating material for external (as: polyphenyl plate, polyphenyl particle heat-insulating mortar etc.) exists constructional difficulties, cost height in practice, do not meet regulations for fire fighting, application life short (with building can not the same life-span) etc. shortcoming.Particularly use maximum stickup polyphenyl board exterior wall outer thermal insulation technology, the working procedure complexity paste to be difficult for firmly, and polyphenyl plate is not only inflammable, and can produce a large amount of noxious material styrene during thermal decomposition.Because do not have the alternative polyphenyl External Thermal Insulation Technology for External of material well, selecting polyphenyl plate for use is the thing of having no way out as exterior-wall heat insulation.Foamed plastics causes wildfire continuously in building heat preservation in recent years, cause and appeal throughout the country to eliminate, as encircling building etc. in CCTV cultural center, the Olympic Sports Center, Jinan, Beijing University Gymnasium (Olympic Games table tennis training hall), the Xin Guan of China Science and Technology Hall, the Nanjing, Chinese architecture should be accomplished heat preservation energy-saving, fire safety is an instant cardinal task in the current building energy conservation again.
Existing hard porous inorganic heat preservation sound insulation materials is as calcium silicate board with microporous, hard silicate board, magnesite cystosepiment, because the limitation on its prescription and the technical matters, most of material product structures are single, unstable, pore-forming is inhomogeneous, and porosity is low, exists the coefficient of thermal conductivity height, intensity is low, pliability is poor, and is poor every sound absorbing capabilities, problems such as frangible rapid wear, directly have influence on the popularization and the use of material, its practical application effect is undesirable.New other existing inorganic heat insulation materials exist all that technology is immature, actual detected does not pass a test etc. nearly one or two years on the market, and combination property is on the low side.The outer heat preservation technology of external wall is as the dominant direction of Energy Saving Technique for Buildings in Our Country, and the external wall heat insulating material for external system that exploitation is fit to China's actual conditions is the national affairs that are imminent.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of foam concrete warming plate external insulating system for thinly plastered external wall, number of drawbacks at the existing building heat insulating material, this system has adopted better foam (aerating) concrete insulation board of combination property (unit weight, coefficient of thermal conductivity, intensity, suction soundproof effect, adhesion strength etc.), more be applicable to the use of construction wall insulation, current China building energy conservation pressing for new building insulation material satisfied in real having accomplished.Have more fire prevention, heat insulation, with characteristics such as same life-span of building, sharp useless environmental protection.
The technical solution of the utility model is:
Foam concrete warming plate external insulating system for thinly plastered external wall of the present utility model, the system product of forming by insulation layer such as foam concrete warming plate or gas concrete warming plate (being commonly called as foam cement plate or foamed concrete plate), adhesive linkage such as cement gel scab slurry and the crab-bolt, finishing mucilage and alkaline-resisting screen cloth (or galvanized steel wire netting) and the finish coat etc. that use in case of necessity.This system adopts adhering fixed mode to be connected with the basic unit body of wall, also can assist crab-bolt.
A kind of foam concrete warming plate external insulating system for thinly plastered external wall, comprise adhesive linkage, insulation layer and the thin enhancing overcoat of plastering, described adhesive linkage, insulation layer and thin plastering strengthen the outside that overcoat is successively set on basic unit's body of wall, and insulation layer is the foam concrete warming plate.
Described insulation layer for compound with cement or cement and flyash be the foam concrete warming plate or the gas concrete warming plate (being commonly called as foam cement plate or foamed concrete plate) of base material.Described basic unit body of wall is concrete wall or masonry wall.Described adhesive linkage cement mortar, the gluing mortar of cement or bonding adhesive.The described thin enhancing overcoat of plastering is compound alkaline-resisting screen cloth or a galvanized steel wire netting of finishing mucilage.Described alkaline-resisting screen cloth is alkaline-resisting type fiberglass gridding cloth.Described finish coat is coating or face brick or wall brick.
Another kind of scheme of the present utility model also comprises connector, and connector one end places in basic unit's body of wall, and the other end places adhesive linkage, insulation layer and thin plastering to strengthen in the overcoat.Described connector is that anchor is fastened.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are:
The external thermal insulation system of making insulation layer with foam (aerating) concrete insulation board of the present utility model has excellent workability, each interlayer of system has good compatibility, through expert check and analysis, foam (aerating) concrete insulation board of using as wall heat insulation material and the adhesion stress of body of wall reach more than the 0.4Mpa.Because the micropore hole size of foam (aerating) concrete insulation board is through the control of strictness, and through specially treated, it is better to compare common inorganic hard heat insulating material and its bond effect of organic heat-insulating plate, no hollowing cracking phenomena, and system's wind suction prevention (suction) ability is stronger.
Foam concrete warming plate construction of exterior wall external heat-preservation system of the present utility model is simple, and short construction period, foam (aerating) concrete insulation board are directly pasted with cement gel scab slurry and got final product on the wall.
Foam concrete warming plate security of external thermal insulation system of the present utility model: the foam in the system (aerating) concrete insulation board is nontoxic product, high temperature resistant, anti-soda acid, can not produce any toxic gas under high temperature or fire condition.
Because the uniqueness on production technology, make product except that outward appearance with other hard inorganic heat preservation plates are similar, inherent quality and other inorganic hard warming plates have bigger difference, the surface of sheet material and subsurface minute aperture and capillary channel are effectively sealed, pore size is more scientific and reasonable, the material surface floating dust is eliminated, therefore foam (aerating) concrete insulation board have better, more stable physical and chemical performance, lower than common inorganic hard heat insulating material coefficient of thermal conductivity, coefficient of heat accumulation is higher, better toughness etc.Be applied in the exterior-wall heat insulation engineering, the combination property of system significantly improves.
Because the improvement of foam (aerating) concrete insulation board on its prescription, production technology makes that the strength of materials is higher, the later stage is stable better, its initial stage is gone up wall intensity height, meet the external wall insulation standard fully, behind the last wall, the increase that intensity will continue, and the compatibility of body of wall and warming plate is good.Special cracking resistant mortar and whole exterior wall heat-preserving system intensity, deformation coefficient reach unified in addition.Like this with regard to the stability that has guaranteed this system compare that similar inorganic hard warming plate and organic heat-insulating plate exterior wall heat-preserving system are better, application life is considerably beyond 50 years.
Foam of the present utility model (aerating) concrete insulation board has been broken through other warming plate production technology patterns on production technology, not only increased the intensity of finished-product material, also significantly reduced the floating dust on the finished-product material, increased the adhesive property of foam (aerating) concrete insulation board and base material and anticracking grout, make material that better application property arranged, effectively avoid occurring in the construction defectives such as hollowing, avoided the cracking phenomena that causes because of hollowing to greatest extent.
The material that is used for exterior-wall heat insulation in the market mainly is polyphenyl plate (EPS/XPS), polyphenyl particle heat-insulating mortar, Paper-faced gyp polyphenyl plate, GRC filled board etc.Polyphenyl plate is to be base-material with the resin, adds certain amount of foaming agent, catalyzer and stabilizing agent, forms through foamable.
Foam (aerating) concrete insulation board is to be raw material with cement, flyash or industrial residue, adds that polymer, blowing agent, specialty fibers etc. are compound, stirring, foaming.
The main performance of two kinds of heat insulating materials is to such as table 1:
The main performance contrast table of two kinds of heat insulating materials of table 1.
Project Polyphenyl plate Foam (aerating) concrete insulation board
Density (kg/m 3) 25-45 150-350
Coefficient of thermal conductivity (w/m.k) 0.028----0.030 0.04-0.09
Compressive strength (MPa) 0.2---0.25 0.3-1.5
The burning rank B2 A1
Application life 15-20 With the same life-span of building
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structure cross-sectional schematic of embodiment one of the present utility model.
Fig. 2 is the structure cross-sectional schematic of embodiment two of the present utility model.
Among the figure: 1 is that basic unit's body of wall, 2 is that adhesive linkage, 3 is that insulation layer, 4 is that finish coat, 6 is a connector for approaching the enhancing overcoat, 5 of plastering.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing the utility model is further described:
Embodiment one.
A kind of foam concrete warming plate external insulating system for thinly plastered external wall, comprise that adhesive linkage 2, insulation layer 3 and thin plastering strengthen overcoat 4, described adhesive linkage 2, insulation layer 3 and thin plastering strengthen the outside that overcoat 4 is successively set on basic unit's body of wall 1, and insulation layer 3 is the foam concrete warming plate.
Insulation layer 3 for compound with cement or cement and flyash be the foam concrete warming plate or the gas concrete warming plate (being commonly called as foam cement plate or foamed concrete plate) of base material.Basic unit's body of wall 1 is concrete wall or masonry wall.Adhesive linkage 2 cement mortar, the gluing mortar of cement or bonding adhesive.The thin enhancing overcoat 4 of plastering is compound alkaline-resisting screen cloth or the galvanized steel wire netting of finishing mucilage.The compound alkaline-resisting screen cloth of finishing mucilage is alkaline-resisting type fiberglass gridding cloth.Finish coat 5 is coating or face brick or wall brick.
Embodiment two.
A kind of foam concrete warming plate external insulating system for thinly plastered external wall, comprise that adhesive linkage 2, insulation layer 3 and thin plastering strengthen overcoat 4, described adhesive linkage 2, insulation layer 3 and thin plastering strengthen the outside that overcoat 4 is successively set on basic unit's body of wall 1, and insulation layer 3 is the foam concrete warming plate.
Insulation layer 3 for compound with cement or cement and flyash be the foam concrete warming plate or the gas concrete warming plate (being commonly called as foam cement plate or foamed concrete plate) of base material.Basic unit's body of wall 1 is concrete wall or masonry wall.Adhesive linkage 2 cement mortar, the gluing mortar of cement or bonding adhesive.The thin enhancing overcoat 4 of plastering is compound alkaline-resisting screen cloth or the galvanized steel wire netting of finishing mucilage.Finish coat 5 is coating or face brick or wall brick.
Present embodiment also comprises connector 6, and connector 6 one ends place in basic unit's body of wall 1, and the other end places adhesive linkage 2, insulation layer 3 and thin plastering to strengthen in the overcoat 4.Connector 6 is fastened for anchor.This kind structure is mainly used in the highrise building, sets up connector 6 anchors and fastens to increase bonding strength, ensures to the application life of system.
Basic unit's body of wall 1 is the outer wall body that plays load-bearing in the building or go along with sb. to guard him effect, can be foam concrete body of wall or various masonry wall.
Adhesive linkage 2 usefulness cement gel scab slurries, cement mortar or bonding adhesive.Be to be exclusively used in the foam concrete warming plate to paste material on basic unit's body of wall 1.Be a kind of gluing mortar of dry powder shape that premix gets togather in factory, only need at the construction field (site) to add a certain proportion of mixing water, stir and to use by operation instruction.
Foam concrete warming plate or gas concrete warming plate are to be raw material with cement, flyash or industrial residue, add that polymer, blowing agent, specialty fibers etc. are compound, stirring, foaming.
Foam concrete warming plate or gas concrete warming plate be continuous structure polymer, include even pore.Foam concrete warming plate or gas concrete warming plate are mechanically or the concrete mold moulding of chemical mode foaming, through natural curing or the formed a kind of novel light heat insulating material that contains a large amount of sealed porositys of steam press maintenance.Outstanding feature is the foam hole that forms sealing at inside concrete, makes concrete light materialization and thermal insulationization, is broad-spectrum energy-saving building materials.
Foam concrete warming plate or gas concrete warming plate have heat insulating ability, lightweight, globality, low damping property, sound insulation, crushing resistance, water resistance, durability, production and processing, the feature of environmental protection, economy and the simple advantage of construction of playing.

Claims (8)

1. foam concrete warming plate external insulating system for thinly plastered external wall, comprise that adhesive linkage (2), insulation layer (3) and thin plastering strengthen overcoat (4), it is characterized in that described adhesive linkage (2), insulation layer (3) and thin plastering strengthen the outside that overcoat (4) is successively set on basic unit's body of wall (1), insulation layer (3) is the foam concrete warming plate.
2. foam concrete warming plate external insulating system for thinly plastered external wall according to claim 1 is characterized in that described basic unit body of wall (1) is concrete wall or masonry wall.
3. foam concrete warming plate external insulating system for thinly plastered external wall according to claim 1 is characterized in that described adhesive linkage (2) is cement mortar, the gluing mortar of cement or bonding adhesive.
4. foam concrete warming plate external insulating system for thinly plastered external wall according to claim 1 is characterized in that the described thin enhancing overcoat (4) of plastering is compound alkaline-resisting screen cloth or the galvanized steel wire netting of finishing mucilage.
5. foam concrete warming plate external insulating system for thinly plastered external wall according to claim 4 is characterized in that the compound alkaline-resisting screen cloth of described finishing mucilage is alkaline-resisting type fiberglass gridding cloth.
6. foam concrete warming plate external insulating system for thinly plastered external wall according to claim 1 is characterized in that described system also comprises finish coat (5), and described finish coat (5) is coating or face brick or wall brick.
7. foam concrete warming plate external insulating system for thinly plastered external wall according to claim 1, it is characterized in that also comprising connector (6), connector (6) one ends place in basic unit's body of wall (1), and the other end places adhesive linkage (2), insulation layer (3) and thin plastering to strengthen in the overcoat (4).
8. foam concrete warming plate external insulating system for thinly plastered external wall according to claim 7 is characterized in that described connector (6) is crab-bolt.
CN2009202827850U 2009-12-31 2009-12-31 Thin plastering external insulation system of exterior wall using foam concrete insulation plate CN201874100U (en)

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102359200A (en) * 2011-08-23 2012-02-22 东南大学 Inorganic heat-insulating wall body and construction method thereof
CN102409768A (en) * 2011-08-11 2012-04-11 徐春花 Vacuum heat insulation plate installation system and installation method
CN105926799A (en) * 2016-04-26 2016-09-07 深圳市科源建设集团有限公司 Building exterior wall structure and construction method thereof
CN108915107A (en) * 2018-07-26 2018-11-30 中水电第十工程局(郑州)有限公司 A kind of inorganic infiltration heat preservation board construction method of EPS
CN110792191A (en) * 2019-09-19 2020-02-14 巨匠建设集团股份有限公司 Construction method of foam concrete heat-insulation plate building exterior wall external heat-insulation system

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102409768A (en) * 2011-08-11 2012-04-11 徐春花 Vacuum heat insulation plate installation system and installation method
CN102409768B (en) * 2011-08-11 2013-12-11 徐春花 Vacuum heat insulation plate installation system and installation method
CN102359200A (en) * 2011-08-23 2012-02-22 东南大学 Inorganic heat-insulating wall body and construction method thereof
CN102359200B (en) * 2011-08-23 2013-09-18 东南大学 Construction method of inorganic heat-insulating wall body
CN105926799A (en) * 2016-04-26 2016-09-07 深圳市科源建设集团有限公司 Building exterior wall structure and construction method thereof
CN108915107A (en) * 2018-07-26 2018-11-30 中水电第十工程局(郑州)有限公司 A kind of inorganic infiltration heat preservation board construction method of EPS
CN108915107B (en) * 2018-07-26 2020-07-07 中电建十一局工程有限公司 Construction method of EPS inorganic infiltration insulation board
CN110792191A (en) * 2019-09-19 2020-02-14 巨匠建设集团股份有限公司 Construction method of foam concrete heat-insulation plate building exterior wall external heat-insulation system

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Granted publication date: 20110622

Termination date: 20141231