CN201863095U - Carriage movable type three axes numerical control special grinding machine - Google Patents

Carriage movable type three axes numerical control special grinding machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201863095U
CN201863095U CN2010202480763U CN201020248076U CN201863095U CN 201863095 U CN201863095 U CN 201863095U CN 2010202480763 U CN2010202480763 U CN 2010202480763U CN 201020248076 U CN201020248076 U CN 201020248076U CN 201863095 U CN201863095 U CN 201863095U
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China
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grinding
bed
numerical control
support
grinding wheel
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CN2010202480763U
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Chinese (zh)
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唐剑
申钢宁
郑子亮
陆受东
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桂林桂北机器有限责任公司
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Priority to CN2010202480763U priority Critical patent/CN201863095U/en
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a carriage movable type three axes numerical control special grinding machine, which comprises a bed, a crossed carriage, a workbench, an upright column and a support. The crossed carriage is disposed on the front part of the bed supported by a longitudinal straight rolling guide rail; the workbench is disposed on the crossed carriage supported by a transverse straight rolling guide rail; the upright column is disposed on the rear part of the bed, and is provided with a vertical slide guide rail for supporting a holder; a grinding head which is designed and manufactured by modularization is installed on the holder; the back and forth movement of the crossed carriage, the left and right movement of the workbench and the up and down movement of the holder are respectively driven by the ball screw pairs which are disposed correspondingly; every ball screw pair is connected with a corresponding servo motor; and the servo motors are controlled by a numerical control system to realize three axes linkage; the grinding head can be a vertical axis grinding wheel grinding assembly or a horizontal axis grinding wheel grinding assembly, and can be exchanged according to different machining conditions. The utility model combines multiple machining performances of plane grinding machines into one machine, and integrates the side surface, inner circle surface, ex-circle surface and circular arc surface machining function into the machine at the same time.

Description

拖板移动式三轴数控专用磨床 Special mobile carriage axis CNC grinding machine

(-)技术领域: (-) FIELD:

[0001] 本实用新型涉及磨床,具体为一种拖板移动式三轴数控专用磨床。 [0001] The present invention relates to a grinding machine, in particular to a specific mobile extension units axis NC grinder.

(二)背景技术: (B) Background:

[0002] 平面磨削加工主要设备为卧轴矩台平面磨床、卧轴圆台平面磨床、立轴圆台平面磨床和立轴矩台平面磨床,在此基础上又相继开发有数控卧轴矩台平面磨床、数控卧轴圆台平面磨床、数控立轴圆台平面磨床和数控立轴矩台平面磨床,在有些特殊场合,需要对工件的侧面进行平面磨削加工或对工件的内外圆弧面磨削,在正常的装夹情况下,上述各类平面磨床却往往无能为力。 [0002] Grinding machine made horizontal axis moments Taiwan surface grinder, horizontal spindle rotary table surface grinder, vertical shaft rotary table surface grinder and the vertical shaft rectangular table surface grinder, based on this and have developed NC horizontal spindle and rectangular table surface grinder, NC rotary table surface grinder horizontal axis, vertical axis NC rotary table surface grinder and rectangular table surface grinder CNC vertical shaft, in some special occasions, it is necessary for the side of the workpiece machining or surface grinding the inner and outer arcuate grinding surface of the workpiece, the normal loading under clip case, the various types of surface grinder is often powerless. 虽然一些立式加工中心有磨削功能,更换磨削刀柄能进行短暂且小范围的平面、侧面和内外圆弧面磨削,但立式加工中心是为切削加工而设计,其磨削加工能力有限,其提供的转速远远达不到要求,很难保障所需的光洁度。 Although some vertical machining center with a function of grinding, the grinding holder replacement can be short and small plane, the inner and outer side arc surface grinding, the vertical machining center designed for cutting, grinding thereof limited capacity, speed it provides far below standard, is difficult to guarantee the required finish.

(三)实用新型内容: (C) SUMMARY:

[0003] 本实用新型的目的是设计一种一次装夹、可以完成五面加工的拖板移动式三轴数控专用磨床。 [0003] The object of the present invention is to design a clamping time, five-face machining can be done in a dedicated mobile extension units axis NC grinder.

[0004] 能够实现上述目的的拖板移动式三轴数控专用磨床,和立式加工中心一样包括有床身、十字拖板、工作台、立柱和支架等部件,十字拖板在前床身上由前后向直线滚动导轨支撑,工作台在十字拖板上由左右向直线滚动导轨支撑;立柱设在后床身上,立柱采用竖向滑动导轨支撑支架,十字拖板的前后移动、工作台的左右移动和支架的上下移动分别由对应设置的滚珠丝杠副驱动,各滚珠丝杠副连接对应的伺服电机,各伺服电机由数控系统集中控制实现三轴联动,所不同的是本实用新型还包括模块化设计和制造的磨头,所述各磨头安装于支架上,针对不同类型加工,更换不同类型的磨头,分别实现平面、侧面、成型面和内外圆弧面的磨削加工。 Special mobile carriage axis CNC grinding machines, machining centers and vertical [0004] achieves the above object comprises a member of the same bed, cross board, table, column, and other stents, the front bed carriage body by the cross rolling the front and rear linear guide support, cross board table in the rolling line defined by the left and right rail support; column body provided on the rear bed, moving back and forth using the vertical column support bracket slide rail, the cross board, left and right movement of the table and the sub-drives the ball screw by the vertical movement of the bracket are respectively provided corresponding to each ball screw connected to the corresponding servo motors, servomotors centralized control system to achieve three-axis CNC, except that the present invention further comprises a module design and manufacture of the grinding head, the grinding head mounted on respective brackets, different types of processing, switch to a different type of grinding, respectively, to achieve a plane, side, grinding the molding surface of the inner and outer arcuate surface.

[0005] 所述磨头有两种类型: [0005] The grinding of two types:

[0006] 1、所述磨头为立轴砂轮磨削总成,可实现平面、侧面和内外圆弧面的磨削加工。 [0006] 1, the grinding wheel grinding assembly vertical shaft, may be implemented grinding plane, the inner and outer side arc surface.

[0007] 立轴砂轮磨削总成的动力为电主轴,砂轮直接安装于电主轴上,电主轴的无级调速可以满足各种砂轮的磨削速度要求。 [0007] The kingpin assembly power for the grinding wheel spindle, the wheel is mounted directly on the spindle, a grinding spindle speed of variable speed to meet the requirements of various wheel.

[0008] 2、所述磨头为卧轴砂轮磨削总成,实现平面和成型面的磨削加工。 [0008] 2, the horizontal axis is a grinding wheel grinding assembly, and to achieve planar molding surface grinding.

[0009] 所述数控系统采用众为兴ADT-CNC4340三坐标数控系统。 [0009] The use of numerical control system for public-ADT-CNC4340 numerical coordinate system.

[0010] 本实用新型的优点: [0010] The advantages of the present invention:

[0011] 本实用新型拖板移动式三轴数控专用磨床采用更换不同模块化的磨头,集多种平面磨床的加工性能为一身,同时还融入了加工中心所具有的磨削侧面、内外圆和圆弧面功能,基本上可以满足所有类型的磨削加工。 [0011] The present invention is a dedicated mobile extension units axis CNC grinding machine used to replace the different modular grinding, grinding machines plane set various performance a and also into the grinding machining center side has the inner and outer circle functions and arc surface, substantially meet all types of grinding.

(四)附图说明: (Iv) Brief Description:

[0012] 图1为本实用新型一种实施方式的结构示意图。 [0012] Fig 1 a schematic structural diagram of one embodiment of the invention. [0013] 图号标识:1、床身;2、十字拖板;3、工作台;4、立柱;5、支架;6、磨头;7、直线滚动导轨;8、滑动导轨;9、伺服电机。 [0013] FIG identification number: 1, bed; 2, cross board; 3, table; 4, column; 5, holder; 6, grinding; 7, the linear rolling guide; 8, the sliding guide; 9, servo motor.

(五)具体实施方式: (E) Detailed Description:

[0014] 本实用新型拖板移动式三轴数控专用磨床为数控系统控制的三轴(X轴、Y轴和Z 轴)联动磨床,其总体结构由床身1、十字拖板2、工作台3、立柱4、支架5和模块化的磨头6等主要部件及数控系统、电气系统和润滑系统组成。 [0014] triaxial (X axis, Y axis and Z-axis) of the present invention, a mobile carriage axis CNC grinding machine CNC system dedicated control linkage grinding machine, the general structure of the bed 1, 2 cross board, table 3, column 4, the bracket 5 and 6 modular grinding and other major components of the numerical control system, electrical system and lubricating system.

[0015] 前床身1上布置两条前后方向的直线滚动导轨7用于支撑十字拖板2,十字拖板2 的传动副为滚珠丝杠副,由伺服电机9驱动的滚珠丝杠副带动十字拖2板沿前床身上的直线滚动导轨7作前后移动(Y轴);十字拖板2上布置两条左右方向的直线滚动导轨7用于支撑工作台3,工作台3的传动副为滚珠丝杠副,由伺服电机9驱动的滚珠丝杠副带动工作台3沿十字拖板2上的直线滚动导轨7作左右移动(X轴);立柱4竖立在后床身1上,立柱4中的两条垂直滑动导轨8支撑悬伸的支架5,支架5的传动副为滚珠丝杠副,由伺服电机9驱动的滚珠丝杠副带动支架5沿立柱4的滑动导轨8上、下移动(Z轴),如图1所示。 [0015] The two front-rear direction of the front bed is arranged on a linear motion guide 7 for supporting the cross board 2, the sub-transmission cross board 2 is ball screw driven by a servo motor driven ball screw 9 cross drag plate 2 along the front of the bed body linear motion guide 7 moves back and forth (Y-axis); straight cross board 2 is arranged on the two right and left direction rolling guide 7 for supporting the table 3, table 3 to the sub-transmission ball screw, the straight line 2 is driven by a servo motor driven ball screw 9 in the cross board table 3 as rolling guides 7 move around (X-axis); columns 4 erected on the bed 1, column 4 the two vertical sliding guides 8 support overhanging bracket 5, the sub-transmission is the ball screw holder 5, the holder 5 along the post 4 of the sliding guide 8 is driven by a servo motor driven ball screw 9, the mobile (Z-axis), as shown in FIG.

[0016] 磨头6安装于支架5前端并位于工作台3之上,磨头6有两种形式,分别为已装配好的立轴砂轮磨削总成和卧轴砂轮磨削总成,可根据具体加工情况选择磨头6的类型。 [0016] The grinding head 6 is attached to the bracket 5 and a front end positioned above the table 3, the grinding head 6 there are two forms, the assembled vertical axis of the grinding wheel assembly and the horizontal shaft grinding wheel assembly, according to select the type of specific processing conditions of the grinding head 6.

[0017] 1、对于平面、侧面和内外圆或圆弧面加工选用立轴砂轮磨削总成,立轴砂轮磨削总成包括安装于支架5前端的砂轮架,砂轮架是变速机构的承载体,变速机构的输出轴于砂轮架底部垂直伸出与砂轮连接,立轴砂轮磨削总成的动力为调速电机,调速电机安装于砂轮架顶部,调速电机输出轴连接变速机构的输入轴;立轴砂轮磨削总成的动力可以直接使用电主轴,砂轮直接安装在电主轴的输出轴上,本实用新型即可演变成磨削加工中心,如图1所示。 [0017] 1, relative to the plane, and the inner and outer side circular arc surface machining or grinding wheel kingpin assembly selection, the kingpin assembly includes a grinding wheel holder 5 is attached to the front end of the wheel frame, a carrier frame gear wheel mechanism, transmission mechanism output shaft extending perpendicular to the bottom of the wheel frame is connected to the grinding wheel, grinding wheel kingpin assembly power for motor speed, motor speed wheelhead is mounted on top of the input shaft connected to the motor output shaft speed of the transmission mechanism; kingpin grinding wheel assembly may be used as a power spindle, mounted directly on the output shaft of the grinding wheel spindle, the present invention can be turned into a grinding center, as shown in FIG.

[0018] 2、对于平面、导轨面和成型面加工选用卧轴砂轮磨削总成:使用ISkW以上卧轴砂轮磨削总成,砂轮修整成形一次磨削成形加工,可使本实用新型成为数控卧轴成形磨床;使用5. 5kff以上卧轴砂轮磨削总成可将本实用新型设计成数控导轨磨床及平面磨床,磨削各种导轨及平面等。 [0018] 2, to a plane, the guide surface and the horizontal axis of the molding surface processing selected grinding wheel assembly: ISkW using the above grinding wheel assembly horizontal axis, a grinding wheel dressing shaped molding, the present invention can be NC horizontal shaft forming grinder; 5. 5kff using more horizontal shaft grinding wheel assembly of the present invention is designed to guide the NC grinding machine and the grinding machine may be planar, and the plane grinding a variety of other rail.

[0019] 本实用新型采用众为兴ADT-CNC4340三坐标数控系统,可编制专用程序分别实现自动成形磨削,自动平面磨削,自动左端面磨削,自动右端面磨削、自动内外圆(弧)面磨削,三坐标轴均可以快速移动及分别实现电子手轮进给。 [0019] The present invention uses for public-ADT-CNC4340 numerical coordinate system, may be prepared as special programs are automatically form grinding, surface grinding automatic, automatic grinding of left end face, the right end surface grinding automatic, automatic external cylindrical ( arc) ground plane, the coordinate axes can be moved quickly and respectively feed for electronic handwheel.

Claims (5)

1.拖板移动式三轴数控专用磨床,包括床身(1)、十字拖板(2)、工作台(3)、立柱(4) 和支架(5),十字拖板(2)在前床身(1)上由前后向直线滚动导轨(7)支撑,工作台(3)在十字拖板⑵上由左右向直线滚动导轨⑵支撑,立柱⑷设在后床身⑴上,立柱⑷内采用竖向滑动导轨(8)支撑支架(5),十字拖板(2)的前后移动、工作台(3)的左右移动和支架(5)的上下移动分别由对应设置的滚珠丝杠副驱动,各滚珠丝杠副连接对应的伺服电机(9),各伺服电机(9)由数控系统集中控制实现三轴联动,其特征在于:还包括模块化设计和制造的磨头(6),所述磨头(6)安装于支架(5)上。 1. The mobile carriage axis NC special grinder, comprising a bed (1), a cross slide (2), the table (3), the post (4) and the support (5), a cross slide (2) front on the bed (1) to scroll forward and backward by a linear guide (7) support table (3) on the cross board ⑵ ⑵ rolling guide support to the line defined by the left and right, ⑷ uprights provided on the rear bed ⑴, pillar inner ⑷ using the vertical sliding guide (8) before and after the support bracket (5), a cross slide (2) movement of the stage (3) move around and the holder (5) are provided by the vertical movement of the corresponding ball screw drive sub , each connected to the corresponding servo ball screw motor (9), each of the servo motors (9) by the central control system to achieve three-axis numerical control, characterized by: further comprising a modular design and grinding head (6) is manufactured, the said grinding head (6) mounted on the support (5).
2.根据权利要求1所述的拖板移动式三轴数控专用磨床,其特征在于:所述磨头(6) 为立轴砂轮磨削总成。 The mobile carriage axis NC special grinder according to claim 1, wherein: said grinding head (6) for the grinding wheel assembly vertical shaft.
3.根据权利要求2所述的拖板移动式三轴数控专用磨床,其特征在于:所述立轴砂轮磨削总成的动力为电主轴。 3. A mobile carriage axis NC special grinder according to claim 2, characterized in that: said kingpin is powered grinding wheel spindle assembly.
4.根据权利要求1所述的拖板移动式三轴数控专用磨床,其特征在于:所述磨头(6) 为卧轴砂轮磨削总成。 The mobile carriage axis NC special grinder according to claim 1, wherein: said grinding head (6) is a horizontal shaft grinding wheel assembly.
5.根据权利要求1〜4中任意一项所述的拖板移动式三轴数控专用磨床,其特征在于: 所述数控系统为众为兴ADT-CNC4340三坐标数控系统。 ~ 4 according to any one of the mobile carriage axis NC special grinder as claimed in claim wherein: said numerical control system for public-ADT-CNC4340 numerical coordinate system.
CN2010202480763U 2010-07-05 2010-07-05 Carriage movable type three axes numerical control special grinding machine CN201863095U (en)

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Cited By (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102490108A (en) * 2011-12-13 2012-06-13 文登威力高档工具有限公司 Abrasive cloth wheel polisher for double-faced curve grinding and polishing method thereof
CN103029018A (en) * 2013-01-16 2013-04-10 山东赛尔机械导轨有限公司 Special chamfering device for end surfaces of linear guide rails
CN103042450A (en) * 2013-01-04 2013-04-17 江门市同源科技有限公司 Numerically-controlled edge grinding machine
CN103231246A (en) * 2013-03-18 2013-08-07 宁波市凯博数控机械有限公司 Vertical type numerical-control drilling and milling machine tool
CN103331694A (en) * 2013-07-24 2013-10-02 厦门大学 Polishing device with adjustable polishing area
CN103481191A (en) * 2013-09-07 2014-01-01 江苏海建股份有限公司 High-speed grinding machine
CN103659597A (en) * 2012-09-03 2014-03-26 李宜君 Workpiece-to-be-ground machining feeding structure of grinder
CN103786092A (en) * 2012-10-31 2014-05-14 正达国际光电股份有限公司 Grinding tool, three-shaft machine stand, method of machining three-shaft machine stand, and method of machining housing
CN104002228A (en) * 2013-02-27 2014-08-27 正达国际光电股份有限公司 Grinding machine and processing method thereof
CN104097130A (en) * 2014-07-10 2014-10-15 江苏三鼎水处理设备有限公司 Polisher
CN105666276A (en) * 2016-04-05 2016-06-15 唐山宇洁科技有限公司 Three-axis numerical-control stone round bottom arc edge grinding machine
CN105881120A (en) * 2014-12-31 2016-08-24 无锡索立源机床制造有限公司 Numerical control vertical internal grinding machine structure
CN108527667A (en) * 2018-03-06 2018-09-14 航天材料及工艺研究所 A kind of quartz enhancing SiO2Ceramic radome drilling equipment and method
CN108723920A (en) * 2018-06-08 2018-11-02 刘州豪 A kind of gear for gear box side grinding machine structure

Cited By (20)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102490108A (en) * 2011-12-13 2012-06-13 文登威力高档工具有限公司 Abrasive cloth wheel polisher for double-faced curve grinding and polishing method thereof
CN103659597A (en) * 2012-09-03 2014-03-26 李宜君 Workpiece-to-be-ground machining feeding structure of grinder
CN103786092A (en) * 2012-10-31 2014-05-14 正达国际光电股份有限公司 Grinding tool, three-shaft machine stand, method of machining three-shaft machine stand, and method of machining housing
CN103786092B (en) * 2012-10-31 2016-08-10 正达国际光电股份有限公司 Milling cutter, three axle boards and processing method thereof and the processing method of housing
CN103042450A (en) * 2013-01-04 2013-04-17 江门市同源科技有限公司 Numerically-controlled edge grinding machine
CN103029018B (en) * 2013-01-16 2016-02-24 山东赛尔机械导轨有限公司 A kind of linear guide rail end surface Special chamfering device
CN103029018A (en) * 2013-01-16 2013-04-10 山东赛尔机械导轨有限公司 Special chamfering device for end surfaces of linear guide rails
CN104002228A (en) * 2013-02-27 2014-08-27 正达国际光电股份有限公司 Grinding machine and processing method thereof
CN104002228B (en) * 2013-02-27 2016-05-11 正达国际光电股份有限公司 Grinder station and processing method thereof
CN103231246A (en) * 2013-03-18 2013-08-07 宁波市凯博数控机械有限公司 Vertical type numerical-control drilling and milling machine tool
CN103231246B (en) * 2013-03-18 2016-04-06 宁波市凯博数控机械有限公司 A kind of vertical numerical control drilling and milling machine tool
CN103331694A (en) * 2013-07-24 2013-10-02 厦门大学 Polishing device with adjustable polishing area
CN103331694B (en) * 2013-07-24 2016-04-13 厦门大学 The adjustable burnishing device of a kind of polishing area
CN103481191A (en) * 2013-09-07 2014-01-01 江苏海建股份有限公司 High-speed grinding machine
CN103481191B (en) * 2013-09-07 2015-11-18 江苏海建股份有限公司 High-speed grinding lathe
CN104097130A (en) * 2014-07-10 2014-10-15 江苏三鼎水处理设备有限公司 Polisher
CN105881120A (en) * 2014-12-31 2016-08-24 无锡索立源机床制造有限公司 Numerical control vertical internal grinding machine structure
CN105666276A (en) * 2016-04-05 2016-06-15 唐山宇洁科技有限公司 Three-axis numerical-control stone round bottom arc edge grinding machine
CN108527667A (en) * 2018-03-06 2018-09-14 航天材料及工艺研究所 A kind of quartz enhancing SiO2Ceramic radome drilling equipment and method
CN108723920A (en) * 2018-06-08 2018-11-02 刘州豪 A kind of gear for gear box side grinding machine structure

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