CN201859174U - On-line monitoring system for grounding current of transformer iron core - Google Patents

On-line monitoring system for grounding current of transformer iron core Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201859174U
CN201859174U CN2010205472557U CN201020547255U CN201859174U CN 201859174 U CN201859174 U CN 201859174U CN 2010205472557 U CN2010205472557 U CN 2010205472557U CN 201020547255 U CN201020547255 U CN 201020547255U CN 201859174 U CN201859174 U CN 201859174U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
module
control unit
main control
circuit
line monitoring
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Application number
CN2010205472557U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李刚
王子香
王彩俊
施磊
刘俊涛
李民越
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思源电气股份有限公司
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Priority to CN2010205472557U priority Critical patent/CN201859174U/en
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Publication of CN201859174U publication Critical patent/CN201859174U/en

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Abstract

The utility model aims to disclose an on-line monitoring system for the grounding current of a transformer iron core. The on-line monitoring system can carry out analysis processing to collected data by adopting a FFT (Fast Fourier Transform) algorithm to convert a time domain signal into a frequency domain signal and then calculate the amplitude values of a power frequency signal and each harmonic component; then, the on-line monitoring system is used for analyzing according to the effective value of the amplitude value of the power frequency signal in a current signal and the effective value of the amplitude value of each harmonic component so as to determine the power frequency current value and the current value of each harmonic component in the transformer grounding iron core; and finally, a user determines whether the multipoint grounding occurs to the transformer iron core or not based on the current values. By adopting the on-line monitoring system, field data copy through an output module and the parameter setup to a field system through a display module and a keyboard module can be conveniently realized, so that the field data can be conveniently obtained, and the system parameter is adjusted under the situations that the communication is interrupted or a communication line is inconvenient to install on the site. The on-line monitoring system is convenient to debug and install to achieve the purposes.

Description

The transformer iron core grounding current on-line monitoring system
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of on-line monitoring system, particularly a kind of transformer iron core grounding current on-line monitoring system based on the DSP algorithm.
Background technology
At present, in electric power system, power transformer is a most important electrical equipment in the electric system, in case in service breaking down will be caused serious consequence to electric system; During normal the operation, the transformer core of power transformer has only one point earth, in case 2 ground connection of transformer core or multipoint earthing occur, then will form current return between the transformer core of power transformer and the earth, maximum current in the current return can reach tens amperes, will cause the transformer core local overheating even burns.
Be used at present judging whether the transformer core of power transformer exists multipoint earthing to mainly contain this three kinds of methods: the electric method of clamp on amperemeter periodic monitoring transformer iron core grounding current; The electric-resistivity method of measuring transformer iron core insulation against ground; The gas chromatography of monitoring transformer insulation oil characteristic gas; The deficiency that above method exists is to find the multipoint earthing of iron core of transformer fault timely, can not take appropriate measures timely in case break down, and it is very necessary therefore transformer iron core grounding current being monitored in real time.
In prior art, as Chinese patent application number is 200710061733.6, Granted publication number discloses a kind of power transformer iron core grounding current on-Line Monitor Device and overcurrent limitting device for the utility model patent of CN101038306A, wherein metering circuit is by current transformer, signal processing circuit, DSP, current-limiting resistor network and control circuit constitute, but the algorithm that this equipment uses DSP that signal is analyzed and handled can only obtain the size of current power current, and can't realize the analysis of electric current multiple harmonic, the losing of data that causes each harmonic, and this technology can only be connected with host computer by wireless or wired mode and transmits data and can't carry out copying data at the scene.
In sum, at the defective of prior art, need a kind of transformer iron core grounding current on-line monitoring system especially, to solve above-mentioned problem.
The utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of transformer iron core grounding current on-line monitoring system, at the prior art above shortcomings, overcome the defective that to analyze each harmonic current value in the current signal, the voltage signal that collects is converted to frequency-region signal according to the method for mathematic(al) manipulation with time-domain signal, calculate the current value of power frequency component and each harmonic more successively, the data of transformer iron core grounding current each harmonic are provided.
The technical matters that the utility model solved can realize by the following technical solutions:
A kind of transformer iron core grounding current on-line monitoring system, it is characterized in that it comprises that a signal processing module that is used for the signal that collects is handled, changes into frequency-region signal with the time-domain signal of signal processing module output and calculates the current value of power frequency component and the main control unit module of the current value of each harmonic, the output module that data that provide the clock module and of clock signal to be used for that the main control unit module is obtained for the main control unit module derive by fft algorithm; The output terminal of described signal processing module is connected with the input end of described main control unit module, and the output terminal of described main control unit module is connected to each other with described output module and clock module respectively.
In an embodiment of the present utility model, described main control unit module is connected with remote user end by a remote control unit that is used to export with the receiving remote instruction.
Further, described remote control unit is by communication mode and the remote user end transport communication of RS232, RS485, CAN bus or GSM; RS232 is fit to short-range communication, and RS485 and CAN bus are suitable for than long-distance transmissions, realize the transmission of farther distance by GSM.
In an embodiment of the present utility model, also be connected with one on the described main control unit module and be used for display module and the Keysheet module that local search data and systematic parameter are set.
In an embodiment of the present utility model, described signal processing module comprises filtering circuit, reference source circuit, modulation circuit and zero-cross triggering circuit, the input end of described filtering circuit connects the current signal of isolated location output, the output terminal of described filtering circuit is connected to the input end of described main control unit module by modulation circuit, and described reference source circuit and zero-cross triggering circuit also are connected to the input end of described main control unit module.
In an embodiment of the present utility model, described main control unit module comprises DSP main control unit, external memory storage and external interface change-over circuit, described DSP main control unit, external memory storage and external interface change-over circuit are connected to each other, and the output terminal of described DSP main control unit is connected with described clock module with described output module respectively.
In an embodiment of the present utility model, described clock module comprises electrical energy storage circuit, crystal oscillating circuit, clock chip and IO interface, described clock chip is connected with described IO interface, crystal oscillating circuit and electrical energy storage circuit respectively, and the input end of described IO interface connects described main control unit module.
In an embodiment of the present utility model; described output module is a USB module; it comprises USB interface chip, crystal oscillating circuit, IO interface and holding circuit; described USB interface chip is connected with described crystal oscillating circuit, IO interface and holding circuit respectively, and the input end of described IO interface is connected with described main control unit module.
In an embodiment of the present utility model, described fft algorithm is developed by fourier series, and fourier series is to have characterized each sampled point to be made up of the waveform of different frequency composition, and formulae express is:
f ( t ) = a 0 + Σ n = 1 ∞ ( an cos nωt + bn sin nωt ) = A 0 + A 1 cos ( ωt + φ 1 ) + A 2 cos ( 2 ωt + φ 2 )
+ . . . . . ;
Wherein, A 0Be the DC component in the signal, A 1Be the peak value of the electric current of ω angular velocity, ω is an angular velocity, φ 1Be the initial phase of ω angular velocity, A 2Be the peak value of the electric current of 2 ω angular velocity, φ 2Be the initial phase of 2 ω angular velocity, t is the sampling time.
Transformer iron core grounding current on-line monitoring system of the present utility model, adopt fft algorithm that the data that collect are carried out analyzing and processing, change time-domain signal into frequency-region signal, calculate the amplitude of power frequency component and each harmonic more successively, system analyzes according to the effective value of the amplitude of the effective value of the power frequency component amplitude in this current signal and each harmonic component then, the power current value in next definite transformer grounding iron core at this moment and the current value of each harmonic, whether the definite on this basis transformer core at this moment of user the situation of multipoint earthing occurs, the utility model can be by the convenient field data copy of realizing of output module, realize the fielded system parameter setting by display module and Keysheet module, make and be inconvenient to install under the situation of communication line in communication disruption or scene, can get access to on-the-spot data easily and systematic parameter is adjusted, be convenient to debugging and the realization the purpose of this utility model is installed.
Characteristics of the present utility model can be consulted the detailed description of the graphic and following better embodiment of this case and be obtained to be well understood to.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structured flowchart of transformer iron core grounding current on-line monitoring system of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is the time domain waveform figure of input signal of the present utility model;
Fig. 3 is the frequency-domain waveform figure of input signal of the present utility model.
Embodiment
For technological means, creation characteristic that the utility model is realized, reach purpose and effect is easy to understand, below in conjunction with concrete diagram, further set forth the utility model.
As Fig. 1, Fig. 2, shown in Figure 3, transformer iron core grounding current on-line monitoring system of the present utility model, it comprises a signal processing module 100, a main control unit module 200, a clock module 300 and an output module 400; The current signal of transformer iron core grounding current is input to the input end of signal processing module 100 by current transformer and isolated location, the output terminal of signal processing module 100 is connected with the input end of main control unit module 200, and the output terminal of main control unit module 200 is connected to each other with output module 400 and clock module 300 respectively.
Signal processing module 100 is used for the signal that collects is handled, main control unit module 200 changes into frequency-region signal and calculates the current value of power frequency component and the current value of each harmonic by the time-domain signal of fft algorithm with signal processing module 100 outputs, clock module 300 links to each other with main control unit module 200, so that system time and change system time to be provided, the data that output module 400 is used for main control unit module 200 is obtained are exported; Main control unit module 200 is connected with remote user end by a remote control unit 500, is convenient to both sides' swap data.
Remote control unit 500 is by communication mode and the remote user end transport communication of RS232, RS485, CAN bus or GSM; RS232 is fit to short-range communication, and RS485 and CAN bus are suitable for than long-distance transmissions, realize the transmission of farther distance by GSM.
Remote control unit 500 links to each other with main control unit module 200 and carries out Long-distance Control to export various teleinstructions, and teleinstruction comprises: clock setting, cycle setting, status poll, the inquiry of historical data, real-time data acquisition, alarm current limit value are provided with.
Remote control unit 500 carries out communication with main control unit module 200 by communication cable, optical fiber, network adjustment device or gsm module.
Communication cable is a two-wire system, and equipment is realized the communication of remote control unit 500 and main control unit module 200 by two twisted-pair feeders in the 4 core cables; As information carrier, with a kind of communication mode of optical fiber as transmission medium, equipment is realized the communication of remote control unit 500 and main control unit module 200 by fiber optic switching module, network adjustment device and fiber optic cable with light wave in optical-fibre communications; Network communication is with a kind of communication mode of netting twine as transmission medium, and equipment and network adjustment device are in same LAN (Local Area Network), and equipment is realized the communication of remote control unit 500 and main control unit module 200 by the network adjustment device; Described GSM communication sticks into row communication by mobile phone, and equipment is connected with the GSM modular converter, and remote control unit 500 is connected with the GSM modular converter, and two GSM modular converters are set up communication by mobile phone card transmission information.
Also be connected with one on the main control unit module 200 and be used for display module 600 and the Keysheet module 700 that local search data and systematic parameter are set; In the utility model, display module 600 is a LED display.
Signal processing module 100 comprises filtering circuit 110, reference source circuit 120, modulation circuit 130 and zero-cross triggering circuit 140, the input end of filtering circuit 110 connects current signal by isolated location 111 summation current transformers 112, the output terminal of filtering circuit 110 is connected to the input end of main control unit module 200 by modulation circuit 130, reference source circuit 120 and zero-cross triggering circuit 140 also are connected to the input end of main control unit module 200, and the output terminal of isolated location is connected with the input end of zero-cross triggering circuit 140.
Main control unit module 200 comprises DSP main control unit 210, external memory storage 220 and external interface change-over circuit 230, DSP main control unit 210, external memory storage 220 and external interface change-over circuit 230 are connected to each other, and the output terminal of DSP main control unit 210 is connected with clock module 300 with output module 400 respectively.
At first DSP main control unit 210 begins signal is gathered according to the signal controlling of zero-cross triggering circuit 140 outputs, according to the sampling interval time signal is gathered then, after data acquisition finishes, DSP main control unit 210 uses fft algorithm that the signal that collects is transformed from the time domain to frequency domain, and then the amplitude of calculating different frequency, calculate corresponding current value according to amplitude then.Secondly DSP main control unit 210 stores the current value that calculates into external memory storage 220 together with the current time.The 230 main effects of external interface change-over circuit are: because the voltage of the IO interface of the IO interface of peripheral cell and main control unit module 200 is inconsistent, so external interface change-over circuit 230, connects DSP main control unit 210 and other unit as a bridge.
Clock module 300 comprises electrical energy storage circuit 310, crystal oscillating circuit 320, clock chip 330 and IO interface 340, clock chip 330 is connected with IO interface 340, crystal oscillating circuit 320 and electrical energy storage circuit 310 respectively, and the input end of IO interface 340 connects main control unit module 200.
Wherein, electrical energy storage circuit 310 is used for when there is external power supply in system clock chip 330 and can enables extraneous power supply the energy storage components and parts are charged, do not have in system under the situation of external power supply power supply, the energy storage components and parts can be powered to clock chip 330, it can be worked on, guarantee can not cause temporal error.Crystal oscillating circuit 320 is used to do the clock source of clock chip, clock chip 330 can provide second, branch, the time, day, the moon, year information.IO interface 340 is used for connecting clock chip 330 and main control unit module 200 makes it adjust and can obtain current system time from clock chip 330 time of clock chip 330.
Output module 400 is a USB module; it comprises USB interface chip 410, crystal oscillating circuit 420, IO interface 430 and holding circuit 440; USB interface chip 410 is connected with crystal oscillating circuit 420, IO interface 430 and holding circuit 440 respectively, and the input end of IO interface 430 is connected with main control unit module 200.
Wherein, USB interface chip 410 is used for being responsible for detection USB flash disk attribute; crystal oscillating circuit 420 produces the necessary clock frequency of USB interface chip 410 normal operations institute; IO interface 430 is used for connecting DSP main control unit 210 and USB interface chip 410, and holding circuit 440 is used for guaranteeing that USB interface chip 410 can not be subjected to the impact of outside big voltage signal.
Described fft algorithm is developed by fourier series, and fourier series is to have characterized each sampled point to be made up of the waveform of different frequency composition, and formulae express is:
f ( t ) = a 0 + Σ n = 1 ∞ ( an cos nωt + bn sin nωt ) = A 0 + A 1 cos ( ωt + φ 1 ) + A 2 cos ( 2 ωt + φ 2 )
+ . . . . . ;
Wherein, A 0Be the DC component in the signal, A 1Be the peak value of the electric current of ω angular velocity, ω is an angular velocity, φ 1Be the initial phase of ω angular velocity, A 2Be the peak value of the electric current of 2 ω angular velocity, φ 2Be the initial phase of 2 ω angular velocity, t is the sampling time.
Transformer iron core grounding current on-line monitoring system of the present utility model and its implementation provide USB interface by output module 400, the user only needs a USB flash disk just can easily realize the copy of field equipment data, then the data of copy are resolved the current data that can consult this equipment, overcome the former equipment problem of copies data at the scene, equipment also is furnished with display module 600 and Keysheet module 700 simultaneously, being used for data query and systematic parameter sets, user's installation and use have been made things convenient for, to the safety of transformer, economical operation has very profound significance.
More than show and described ultimate principle of the present utility model and principal character and advantage of the present utility model.The technician of the industry should understand; the utility model is not restricted to the described embodiments; that describes in the foregoing description and the instructions just illustrates principle of the present utility model; under the prerequisite that does not break away from the utility model spirit and scope; the utility model also has various changes and modifications; these changes and improvements all fall in claimed the utility model scope, and the claimed scope of the utility model is defined by appending claims and equivalent thereof.

Claims (8)

1. transformer iron core grounding current on-line monitoring system, it is characterized in that it comprises that a signal processing module that is used for the signal that collects is handled, changes into frequency-region signal with the time-domain signal of signal processing module output and calculates the current value of power frequency component and the main control unit module of the current value of each harmonic, the output module that data that provide the clock module and of clock signal to be used for that the main control unit module is obtained for the main control unit module derive by fft algorithm; The output terminal of described signal processing module is connected with the input end of described main control unit module, and the output terminal of described main control unit module is connected to each other with described output module and clock module respectively.
2. transformer iron core grounding current on-line monitoring system as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that, described main control unit module is connected with remote user end by a remote control unit that is used to export with the receiving remote instruction.
3. transformer iron core grounding current on-line monitoring system as claimed in claim 2 is characterized in that, described remote control unit can pass through any one and the remote user end transport communication in the communication mode of RS232, RS485, CAN bus or GSM.
4. transformer iron core grounding current on-line monitoring system as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that, also is connected with one on the described main control unit module and is used for display module and the Keysheet module that local search data and systematic parameter are set.
5. transformer iron core grounding current on-line monitoring system as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, described signal processing module comprises filtering circuit, reference source circuit, modulation circuit and zero-cross triggering circuit, the input end of described filtering circuit connects the current signal of isolated location output, the output terminal of described filtering circuit is connected to the input end of described main control unit module by modulation circuit, and described reference source circuit and zero-cross triggering circuit also are connected to the input end of described main control unit module.
6. transformer iron core grounding current on-line monitoring system as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, described main control unit module comprises DSP main control unit, external memory storage and external interface change-over circuit, described DSP main control unit, external memory storage and external interface change-over circuit are connected to each other, and the output terminal of described DSP main control unit is connected with described clock module with described output module respectively.
7. transformer iron core grounding current on-line monitoring system as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, described clock module comprises electrical energy storage circuit, crystal oscillating circuit, clock chip and IO interface, described clock chip is connected with described IO interface, crystal oscillating circuit and electrical energy storage circuit respectively, and the input end of described IO interface connects described main control unit module.
8. transformer iron core grounding current on-line monitoring system as claimed in claim 1; it is characterized in that; described output module is a USB module; it comprises USB interface chip, crystal oscillating circuit, IO interface and holding circuit; described USB interface chip is connected with described crystal oscillating circuit, IO interface and holding circuit respectively, and the input end of described IO interface is connected with described main control unit module.
CN2010205472557U 2010-09-29 2010-09-29 On-line monitoring system for grounding current of transformer iron core CN201859174U (en)

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102004182A (en) * 2010-09-29 2011-04-06 思源电气股份有限公司 System and implementation method for monitoring grounding current of transformer core on line
CN102411084A (en) * 2011-07-26 2012-04-11 东北电力科学研究院有限公司 Online monitoring device and method of grounding current of iron core of transformer
CN103116063A (en) * 2013-01-23 2013-05-22 大连新安越电力设备有限公司 Transformer iron core ground connection electric current monitor
CN103575970A (en) * 2013-11-14 2014-02-12 国家电网公司 Transformer grounding current monitoring device and system
CN103901314A (en) * 2014-03-26 2014-07-02 国家电网公司 Online monitoring device for monitoring power transformer core ground faults and online monitoring method of online monitoring device
CN104316824A (en) * 2014-11-18 2015-01-28 国家电网公司 On-line iron core grounding current monitoring device
CN104931770A (en) * 2015-05-18 2015-09-23 国家电网公司 Internet of things technology-based transformer iron core grounding current detection method
CN106093690A (en) * 2016-08-11 2016-11-09 国网天津市电力公司 Utilize the iron core on-line monitoring system of thermo-electric generation supply source

Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102004182A (en) * 2010-09-29 2011-04-06 思源电气股份有限公司 System and implementation method for monitoring grounding current of transformer core on line
CN102004182B (en) * 2010-09-29 2013-07-10 思源电气股份有限公司 System and implementation method for monitoring grounding current of transformer core on line
CN102411084A (en) * 2011-07-26 2012-04-11 东北电力科学研究院有限公司 Online monitoring device and method of grounding current of iron core of transformer
CN102411084B (en) * 2011-07-26 2014-02-12 东北电力科学研究院有限公司 Online monitoring device and method of grounding current of iron core of transformer
CN103116063A (en) * 2013-01-23 2013-05-22 大连新安越电力设备有限公司 Transformer iron core ground connection electric current monitor
CN103575970A (en) * 2013-11-14 2014-02-12 国家电网公司 Transformer grounding current monitoring device and system
CN103901314A (en) * 2014-03-26 2014-07-02 国家电网公司 Online monitoring device for monitoring power transformer core ground faults and online monitoring method of online monitoring device
CN103901314B (en) * 2014-03-26 2017-08-25 国家电网公司 Electrical transformer cores are grounded on-Line Monitor Device and its on-line monitoring method
CN104316824A (en) * 2014-11-18 2015-01-28 国家电网公司 On-line iron core grounding current monitoring device
CN104931770A (en) * 2015-05-18 2015-09-23 国家电网公司 Internet of things technology-based transformer iron core grounding current detection method
CN106093690A (en) * 2016-08-11 2016-11-09 国网天津市电力公司 Utilize the iron core on-line monitoring system of thermo-electric generation supply source

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Granted publication date: 20110608

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