CN201852361U - Mine return air source heat pump system - Google Patents

Mine return air source heat pump system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201852361U
CN201852361U CN2010206019884U CN201020601988U CN201852361U CN 201852361 U CN201852361 U CN 201852361U CN 2010206019884 U CN2010206019884 U CN 2010206019884U CN 201020601988 U CN201020601988 U CN 201020601988U CN 201852361 U CN201852361 U CN 201852361U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
return air
heat
heat exchanger
water
air source
Prior art date
Application number
CN2010206019884U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王建学
裴伟
牛永胜
荣金利
孟杰
Original Assignee
北京矿大节能科技有限公司
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Application filed by 北京矿大节能科技有限公司 filed Critical 北京矿大节能科技有限公司
Priority to CN2010206019884U priority Critical patent/CN201852361U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN201852361U publication Critical patent/CN201852361U/en

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Abstract

The utility model relates to a mine return air source heat pump system, which is characterized in that the mine return air source heat pump system comprises a retention tower and a heat pump machine set, wherein an inlet of the retention tower is connected with a mine return air source, an air outlet is arranged at the top of the retention tower, a return air heat exchanger is arranged at the inner upper part, a water gathering pool is arranged at the inner lower part, a spraying pipe with a plurality of spray heads is arranged in the return air heat exchanger, the input end of the spraying pipe is connected with a water collection pool arranged outside the retention tower, the water collection pool is respectively connected with the water gathering pool and on-line water treatment equipment through pipelines, two casing pipe type heat exchangers are arranged in the heat pump machine set, refrigeration work media are respectively filled in the two heat exchangers, and in addition, the refrigeration work media filled in the two heat exchangers are communicated through two refrigerant pipelines, wherein a compressor with a reverse valve is arranged on one refrigerant pipeline, an expansion valve is arranged on the other refrigerant pipeline, both ends of the heat exchange pipe arranged in one heat exchanger are respectively connected with the on-line water treatment equipment and the water collection pool, and both ends of the heat exchange pipe arranged inside the other heat exchanger are respectively connected with a water inlet and a water outlet of user equipment.

Description

A kind of mine return air source heat pump system
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of heat pump, particularly about a kind of heat pump that is used for reclaiming coal mine return air source low-temperature heat quantity or cold.
Background technology
On the one hand (for example: office building, production system, staff quarters, dining room etc.) heating, pit shaft is antifreeze and worker bathroom bathing water etc. needs to consume a large amount of heat energy, and traditional method is to provide thermal source to satisfy above-mentioned requirements by coal-burning boiler for the surface structures of colliery surface plant.Like this, not only consume a large amount of coals, and discharge a large amount of pollutants during coal burning and very easily cause environmental pollution.
Mine ventilation system is the important leverage of Safety of Coal Mine Production on the other hand, generally speaking, it is constant that the temperature in mine return air source, humidity keep throughout the year substantially, mine return air amount is big in addition, and therefore, mine return air is being contained a large amount of low temperature heat energies in the source, but because this part heat energy is not utilized at present, mine return air directly is discharged to atmosphere, therefore, has caused the waste of heat energy again.
Summary of the invention
At the problems referred to above, the purpose of this utility model provides a kind of be used for reclaiming coal mine return air source low-temperature heat quantity or cold, for the heat pump that required heat energy or cold are provided is produced in the colliery life.
For achieving the above object, the utility model is taked following technical scheme: a kind of mine return air source heat pump system is characterized in that: it comprises a retention tower and a source pump; The import of described retention tower connects mine return air source, and air outlet is arranged on the top of described retention tower, and internal upper part is provided with a return air heat exchanger, and interior bottom is provided with a collection chamber; Be provided with a shower with some shower nozzles in the described return air heat exchanger, described shower input connects a collecting-tank that is arranged on described retention tower outside; Described collecting-tank connects described collection chamber and online water treatment facilities by pipeline respectively; Two shell and tube exchangers are set in the described source pump, all be filled with refrigeration working medium in the two described heat exchangers, and the refrigeration working medium in the two described heat exchangers is communicated with by two refrigerant tubings, wherein a described refrigerant tubing is provided with a compressor that has a reversal valve, and another described refrigerant tubing is provided with an expansion valve; Wherein the heat exchanger tube two ends in the described heat exchanger connect described online water treatment facilities and collecting-tank respectively; Heat exchanger tube two ends in another described heat exchanger connect described user respectively and send out water inlet and the delivery port that is equipped with.
Described collecting-tank inwall is provided with the polyurethane foam warming plate.
Described compressor is a screw compressor.
Described subscriber equipment is the air-conditioning with refrigeration and heat-production functions.
The utility model is owing to take above technical scheme, it has the following advantages: 1, the utility model is provided with needed other equipment components of retention tower, return air heat exchanger, collection chamber, collecting-tank, online water treatment facilities, source pump and this system of operation, during operation, by low-temperature heat quantity or the cold in the return air heat exchanger extraction mine return air source, just heat or cold are supplied with the user by source pump again, the user can select the heat pump running status with its coupling according to heat, refrigeration requirement.For example: during winter operation,, by source pump low temperature heat energy is supplied with hot user then by the low temperature heat energy in the return air heat exchanger extraction mine return air; During summer operation,, by source pump the low temperature cold is supplied with air conditioner user then by the low temperature cold in the return air heat exchanger extraction mine return air.Therefore, the utility model can be applied to the colliery life and produce, and substitutes coal-burning boiler and central air-conditioning, for colliery building winter heating, domestic hot-water and the antifreeze heat that provides of well head, for summer air-conditioning provides cold, has the effect of energy-saving and emission-reduction.2) be provided with shower in the return air heat exchanger of the present utility model, spray water smoke by shower, water smoke and mine return air directly carry out the air-water heat exchange, the heat exchange efficiency height, not only can reclaim mine return air sensible heat heat, can also reclaim the latent heat heat, Pen Chu water smoke also has the function of mine return air source being carried out dedusting and noise reduction simultaneously, reduces thermal loss.3) return air heat exchanger of the present utility model does not have electrical equipment, need not explosion-proofly, does not influence back lass.4) return air heat exchanger of the present utility model increases resistance less than 50Pa, and is less to the mine main ventilator influence.5) the filtering accuracy height of the online water treatment facilities of the utility model employing makes the water quality that enters source pump can reduce the thermal resistance of heat exchange, well protects source pump.6) water source after the air-water heat exchange enters collecting-tank in the utility model, the cooling water source when low level heat energy when this water source can be used as the source pump winter operation and summer operation.7) behind the process of the water source in the utility model source pump heat-shift, return collecting-tank and continue and the mine for air exhaustion heat exchange, thereby reached the saving water source, the purpose that cuts down the consumption of energy.The utility model structural design is ingenious, the heat exchange efficiency height, and noise is little, and the life-span is long, is convenient to maintenance and repair, can be widely used in the Waste Heat Recovery process of mine return air.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is that the utility model is used for heat supply operating mode operation principle schematic diagram
Fig. 2 is that the utility model is used for cooling condition operation principle schematic diagram
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the utility model is described in detail.
As shown in Figure 1, the utility model comprises a retention tower 1, a collecting-tank 2 and a source pump 3; Be provided with return air heat exchanger 4 and collection chamber 5 in the retention tower 1; Be provided with shell and tube evaporator 6, shell and tube condenser 7, compressor 8 and expansion valve 9 in the source pump 3.
Retention tower 1 is arranged on mine return air source and exports 10 places, and retention tower 1 top is provided with air outlet 11, and return air heat exchanger 4 is arranged on retention tower 1 internal upper part, and collection chamber 5 is arranged on bottom in the retention tower 1.Return air heat exchanger 4 inside are provided with a shower 12, are arranged at intervals with some shower nozzles on the shower 12, and the input of shower 12 passes return air heat exchanger 4 and connects collecting-tanks 2, and collecting-tank 2 connects collection chambers 5 by the pipeline 13 that catchments.Be provided with a recycling outlet 14 in the collecting-tank 2, recycling outlet 14 passes the evaporation tubes input that collecting-tank 2 connects in the shell and tube evaporator 6 by online water treatment facilities 15, and the evaporation tubes output loops back water pipe 16 by one and connects collecting-tank 2.Be filled with refrigeration working medium between the housing of shell and tube evaporator 6 and the evaporation tubes, the housing of shell and tube evaporator 6 is provided with a cold-producing medium output channel, the cold-producing medium output channel connects in the housing of shell and tube condenser 7 by compressor 8, also be provided with the defeated return pipe road of a cold-producing medium on the housing of shell and tube condenser 7, the defeated return pipe road of cold-producing medium connects back in the housing of shell and tube evaporator 6 by expansion valve 9.The output of the condensation pipe of shell and tube condenser 7 inside connects a water supply line 17, water supply line 17 connects to the user by a water pump, after hot water in the water supply line 17 is user's heat supply, connect back the input of the condensation pipe of shell and tube condenser 7 inside by a water return pipeline 18.
In the foregoing description, for user's heat supply can be for the air-conditioning heat supply, the domestic hot-water is provided, and other hot users or heat dissipation equipment etc.
Shell and tube evaporator 6 in the source pump 3 is identical with the structure of shell and tube condenser 7, all can adopt shell and tube exchanger.As shown in Figure 2, when needs provide cold, can switch the reversal valve on the compressor 8, make the refrigeration working medium reverse flow, at this moment, shell and tube evaporator 6 becomes shell and tube condenser 7, and shell and tube condenser 7 becomes shell and tube evaporator 6, and shell and tube evaporator 6 can provide cold for air conditioner refrigerating or other refrigeration plants etc.
In the foregoing description, collecting-tank 2 inwalls are provided with the polyurethane foam warming plate.
In the foregoing description, online water treatment facilities 15 also can be other filters of the prior art.
In the foregoing description, the compressor 8 in the source pump 3 can adopt screw compressor, and compressor 8 is driven and then made source pump 3 to start operation by electric energy.
The utility model can provide heat energy or cold for the user, and its concrete operation principle is as follows.
As shown in Figure 1, winter, mine return air source temperature was higher, and high humidity contains a large amount of low temperature heat energies in the mine return air.When the utility model moves in the winter time, mine return air source at first enters retention tower 1, in the retention tower 1, shower 12 downward spray water mist in the return air heat exchanger 4, after heat exchange is carried out in water smoke and mine return air source, discharge from air outlet 11 in mine return air source, the water smoke that obtains heat imports collecting-tank 2 by collection chamber 5, hot water in the collecting-tank 2 is after online water treatment facilities 15 filter, enter the shell and tube evaporator 6 in the source pump 3, refrigeration working medium in the shell and tube evaporator 6 with enter after water source heat exchange in the shell and tube evaporator 6 obtains heat, become high temperature and high pressure gas by the compressor 8 in the source pump 3, enter the shell and tube condenser 7 in the source pump 3, use the water source release heat to needs heating, the liquid that becomes low-temp low-pressure through the expansion valves 9 in the source pump 3 enters shell and tube evaporator 6 again, continues and enter the continuous cycle heat exchange in water source of shell and tube evaporator 6.Water source in the shell and tube condenser 7 obtains to realize colliery building heating, domestic hot-water and the antifreeze heat demand of well head behind the heat.
As shown in Figure 2, the relative atmospheric temperature of mine return air source temperature in summer is low, can absorb a large amount of heats.The utility model is when summer operation, mine return air source at first enters retention tower 1, in the retention tower 1, shower 12 downward spray water mist in the return air heat exchanger 4, water smoke is after the release heat of mine return air source, discharge through air outlet 11 in mine return air source, water smoke after the heat release imports collecting-tank 2 by collection chamber 5, cold water in the collecting-tank 2 is after online water treatment facilities 15 filter, enter the shell and tube condenser 7 in the source pump 3, refrigeration working medium in the shell and tube condenser 7 with enter the water source heat exchange release heat of shell and tube condenser 7 after, refrigeration working medium becomes low-temp low-pressure liquid by expansion valve 9 and enters shell and tube evaporator 6, to needs refrigeration absorb heat with the water source, the liquid that becomes HTHP through compressor 8 enters shell and tube condenser 7 again, continues and enter the continuous cycle heat exchange in water source of shell and tube condenser 7.Reducing in the shell and tube evaporator 6 with temperature after the water source release heat, thus cold provided for the colliery building air conditioning.
In the foregoing description, the utility model has different running statuses in winter, summer, and the change of its running status is to realize by switching the reversal valve that is provided with on the compressor 8.
In the foregoing description, the water smoke by the shower in the return air heat exchanger 4 12 sprays downwards can also carry out the dedusting noise reduction to mine return air source, to reduce thermal loss, improves the utilization rate of heat.
The various embodiments described above only are used to illustrate the utility model; wherein the structure of each parts, connected mode etc. all can change to some extent; every equivalents of carrying out on the basis of technical solutions of the utility model and improvement all should not got rid of outside protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (5)

1. mine return air source heat pump system, it is characterized in that: it comprises a retention tower and a source pump;
The import of described retention tower connects mine return air source, and air outlet is arranged on the top of described retention tower, and internal upper part is provided with a return air heat exchanger, and interior bottom is provided with a collection chamber; Be provided with a shower with some shower nozzles in the described return air heat exchanger, described shower input connects a collecting-tank that is arranged on described retention tower outside; Described collecting-tank connects described collection chamber and online water treatment facilities by pipeline respectively;
Two shell and tube exchangers are set in the described source pump, all be filled with refrigeration working medium in the two described heat exchangers, and the refrigeration working medium in the two described heat exchangers is communicated with by two refrigerant tubings, wherein a described refrigerant tubing is provided with a compressor that has a reversal valve, and another described refrigerant tubing is provided with an expansion valve; Wherein the heat exchanger tube two ends in the described heat exchanger connect described online water treatment facilities and collecting-tank respectively; Heat exchanger tube two ends in another described heat exchanger connect the water inlet and the delivery port of described subscriber equipment respectively.
2. a kind of mine return air source heat pump system as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described collecting-tank inwall is provided with the polyurethane foam warming plate.
3. a kind of mine return air source heat pump system as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described compressor is a screw compressor.
4. a kind of mine return air source heat pump system as claimed in claim 2, it is characterized in that: described compressor is a screw compressor.
5. as claim 1 or 2 or 3 or 4 described a kind of mine return air source heat pump systems, it is characterized in that: described subscriber equipment is the air-conditioning with refrigeration and heat-production functions.
CN2010206019884U 2010-11-09 2010-11-09 Mine return air source heat pump system CN201852361U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (17)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102410665A (en) * 2011-11-22 2012-04-11 北京矿大节能科技有限公司 Waste heat recovery and utilization system for coal mine air compressor
CN102410036A (en) * 2011-09-27 2012-04-11 北京矿大节能科技有限公司 High-speed mine return-air heat exchanger and application method thereof
CN102494442A (en) * 2011-12-08 2012-06-13 北京矿大节能科技有限公司 Direct expansion type mine return air source heat pump system and operation method thereof
CN102518461A (en) * 2011-12-02 2012-06-27 清华大学 Coal mine low-post secondary heat energy resource comprehension utilization system
CN102606185A (en) * 2012-03-15 2012-07-25 大连理工大学 Device for utilizing induced air and heat energy of air-collecting cover for air outlet of main fan diffuser
CN102606184A (en) * 2012-03-15 2012-07-25 大连理工大学 Multi-level air collection and heat utilization device in main-fan retention tower
CN102619546A (en) * 2012-04-12 2012-08-01 大连理工大学 Main fan diffusing tower exhaust outlet deflector induced air and heat energy utilization device
CN102733840A (en) * 2012-07-12 2012-10-17 北京矿大节能科技有限公司 Mine underground cooling and waste heat recycling system
CN102778082A (en) * 2012-07-28 2012-11-14 合肥天鹅制冷科技有限公司 Low-temperature exhaust air source spray heat capturing efficient water source heat pump fresh air system
CN103075172A (en) * 2013-01-08 2013-05-01 北京矿大节能科技有限公司 Original diffusion tower-based mine return air heat energy utilization device
CN103216974A (en) * 2013-04-28 2013-07-24 大连创达技术交易市场有限公司 Novel heat pump energy-saving system
CN103629858A (en) * 2013-12-13 2014-03-12 北京矿大节能科技有限公司 Direct-evaporation-type mine air return source heat pump system with spray dedusting function
CN104676951A (en) * 2013-11-26 2015-06-03 北京中矿博能节能科技有限公司 Coal mine air inlet wellhead temperature adjusting system
CN105110413A (en) * 2015-09-14 2015-12-02 济南国海能源科技有限公司 Mine high-temperature three-ash-water underground cooling, softening and regeneration system and method
CN105807609A (en) * 2015-05-18 2016-07-27 山东信合节能科技股份有限公司 Multi-parameter mine spraying heat exchange efficiency calculation method-based spraying system
CN106440855A (en) * 2016-12-02 2017-02-22 广东巨大铝业有限公司 Waste heat utilization system
CN107270584A (en) * 2017-07-25 2017-10-20 中南大学 A kind of distributed cooling air source heat pump system of utilization mine low grade heat energy

Cited By (22)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102410036A (en) * 2011-09-27 2012-04-11 北京矿大节能科技有限公司 High-speed mine return-air heat exchanger and application method thereof
CN102410665A (en) * 2011-11-22 2012-04-11 北京矿大节能科技有限公司 Waste heat recovery and utilization system for coal mine air compressor
CN102518461A (en) * 2011-12-02 2012-06-27 清华大学 Coal mine low-post secondary heat energy resource comprehension utilization system
CN102518461B (en) * 2011-12-02 2013-08-21 清华大学 Coal mine low-post secondary heat energy resource comprehension utilization system
CN102494442A (en) * 2011-12-08 2012-06-13 北京矿大节能科技有限公司 Direct expansion type mine return air source heat pump system and operation method thereof
CN102494442B (en) * 2011-12-08 2013-12-18 北京矿大节能科技有限公司 Direct expansion type mine return air source heat pump system and operation method thereof
CN102606185A (en) * 2012-03-15 2012-07-25 大连理工大学 Device for utilizing induced air and heat energy of air-collecting cover for air outlet of main fan diffuser
CN102606184A (en) * 2012-03-15 2012-07-25 大连理工大学 Multi-level air collection and heat utilization device in main-fan retention tower
CN102619546A (en) * 2012-04-12 2012-08-01 大连理工大学 Main fan diffusing tower exhaust outlet deflector induced air and heat energy utilization device
CN102733840A (en) * 2012-07-12 2012-10-17 北京矿大节能科技有限公司 Mine underground cooling and waste heat recycling system
CN102778082A (en) * 2012-07-28 2012-11-14 合肥天鹅制冷科技有限公司 Low-temperature exhaust air source spray heat capturing efficient water source heat pump fresh air system
CN103075172A (en) * 2013-01-08 2013-05-01 北京矿大节能科技有限公司 Original diffusion tower-based mine return air heat energy utilization device
CN103075172B (en) * 2013-01-08 2015-08-12 北京矿大节能科技有限公司 A kind of mine return air heat energy based on original retention tower utilizes device
CN103216974A (en) * 2013-04-28 2013-07-24 大连创达技术交易市场有限公司 Novel heat pump energy-saving system
CN104676951A (en) * 2013-11-26 2015-06-03 北京中矿博能节能科技有限公司 Coal mine air inlet wellhead temperature adjusting system
CN103629858B (en) * 2013-12-13 2016-08-17 北京矿大节能科技有限公司 A kind of direct-evaporation-type mine return air source heat pump system of band spraying and dedusting
CN103629858A (en) * 2013-12-13 2014-03-12 北京矿大节能科技有限公司 Direct-evaporation-type mine air return source heat pump system with spray dedusting function
CN105807609A (en) * 2015-05-18 2016-07-27 山东信合节能科技股份有限公司 Multi-parameter mine spraying heat exchange efficiency calculation method-based spraying system
CN105110413A (en) * 2015-09-14 2015-12-02 济南国海能源科技有限公司 Mine high-temperature three-ash-water underground cooling, softening and regeneration system and method
CN106440855A (en) * 2016-12-02 2017-02-22 广东巨大铝业有限公司 Waste heat utilization system
CN107270584A (en) * 2017-07-25 2017-10-20 中南大学 A kind of distributed cooling air source heat pump system of utilization mine low grade heat energy
CN107270584B (en) * 2017-07-25 2019-09-24 中南大学 A kind of distributed cooling air source heat pump system using mine low grade heat energy

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
PLDC Enforcement, change and cancellation of contracts on pledge of patent right or utility model
PE01 Entry into force of the registration of the contract for pledge of patent right

Denomination of utility model: Mine return air source heat pump system

Effective date of registration: 20121224

Granted publication date: 20110601

Pledgee: Haidian Beijing science and technology enterprise financing Company limited by guarantee

Pledgor: Beijing CUMT Energy Saving Technology Co., Ltd.

Registration number: 2012990000837

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20110601

Termination date: 20171109