CN201843229U - Z-shaped energy-saving composite block masonry wall - Google Patents

Z-shaped energy-saving composite block masonry wall Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201843229U
CN201843229U CN2010205873660U CN201020587366U CN201843229U CN 201843229 U CN201843229 U CN 201843229U CN 2010205873660 U CN2010205873660 U CN 2010205873660U CN 201020587366 U CN201020587366 U CN 201020587366U CN 201843229 U CN201843229 U CN 201843229U
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wall
block
building
block masonry
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CN2010205873660U
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石正
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石正
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a Z-shaped energy-saving composite block masonry wall which consists of a Z-shaped thermal-insulating block masonry internal leaf wall, a rectangular hollow block masonry external leaf wall, a polystyrene sandwich panel and a reinforcing mesh, wherein the Z-shaped thermal-insulating block masonry internal leaf wall consists of a main Z-shaped thermal-insulating block masonry and an auxiliary L-shaped thermal-insulating block masonry, the rectangular hollow block masonry external leaf wall consists of a main rectangular hollow block masonry and an auxiliary L-shaped hollow block masonry, a Z-shaped thermal-insulating block masonry shell is provided with two staggered through holes, and thermal-insulating pellets are filled in the through holes. When building a wall, the composite block masonry wall also comprises a step-shaped thermal-insulating block which can be partially embedded in a groove with depth of 1-2 cm at the top surface of the block masonry, so that a polystyrene thermal-insulating strip is formed in a cement mortar layer between every two layers of block masonry. The composite block masonry wall has the advantages of reducing the thickness of a polystyrene plate in a thermal-insulating layer under the conduction of reaching the energy-saving rate of 65%, not only saving cost, but also reducing the wall thickness, and enhancing the wall stability. The performance and service life of thermal-insulating materials are the same as those of construction wall. The composite block masonry wall is convenient in construction and low in cost.

Description

Z type energy-saving composite block body of wall
Affiliated technical field
A kind of building energy conservation composite exterior wall body of wall relates to construction work and constructional materials, particularly a kind of Z type energy-saving composite block body of wall with energy-saving heat preserving performance of building non-bearing exterior wall and load-bearing exterior wall by laying bricks or stones that is applicable to.
Background technology
In recent years, several heat preserving exterior wall wall body structures have appearred in building trade.The disclosed name of Chinese patent literature is called " insulation blocks and the heat-insulating wall structure that utilizes insulation blocks " patent application, application number 01109265.3 publication number CN1373273.It is characterized in that, the insulation filling materials that filling polyvinyl chloride particle, flyash and cement are made in the hole of cement block member when constructing composite thermal-insulating wall, has wall between exterior wall that utilization is constructed and the interior wall, can insert warming plate in it, make the coefficient of thermal conductivity of body of wall reach 0.7.The weak point of this technology is: building block itself is a rectangle, its rib frame and frame are serious cold bridges, average thermal resistance after the insulation filling materials that filling polyvinyl chloride particle, flyash and cement are made in the building block hole can not be greatly improved, so its heat insulation effect is not remarkable; Secondly to reach 0.7 be to satisfy energy-conservation 50% and energy-conservation 65% requirement far away to the coefficient of thermal conductivity of body of wall.The Chinese patent net has also been announced the patent of invention of " heat-preserving wall ", and the patent No. is CN200610027144.1.It is characterized in that the building block of insulation blocks layer has pre-buried insulating board and the on-the-spot bayonet socket insulation blocks that inserts insulating board.At the external surface of the constructional column of body of wall and collar tie beam successively to being outside equipped with thermal baffle layer, glass fiber reticular cloth and mucilage screed.Mainly solve the cold bridge of eliminating constructional column and circle fine strain of millet formation, construct complete heat-preserving wall.The weak point of this patented technology is that the thermal baffle layer of constructional column and collar tie beam external surface and the mucilage screed of skim on surface and the cement mortar layer of building block layer external surface are not commaterials, is easy to occur the crack, causes the defective of workmanship.The Chinese patent net has also been announced the utility model patent of " a kind of structure of heat-preserving wall ", and the patent No. is ZL200720014627.8.Its summary of the invention is the body of wall of being built by laying bricks or stones by Hollow brick, and every layer of body of wall is made of the horizontally-arranged Hollow brick of arranging and brick the building of vertical emptying core of arrangement.It is characterized in that horizontally-arranged Hollow brick and vertical row at every layer add insulation benzene plate between the Hollow brick.The weak point of this patent is, the loam brick that building block itself also is to use, even structural clay tile also is national building material industry use that policy limits, secondly be not have connector between horizontally-arranged Hollow brick and the vertical row's Hollow brick, can make the bad stability of body of wall like this.
Summary of the invention
The utility model purpose is according to above-mentioned the deficiencies in the prior art part, propose a kind ofly can satisfy the requirement that fractional energy savings 65% all can be realized in different climatological regions, exterior wall intensity is higher, the crack can not appear, the stability and the anti-seismic performance of body of wall have been strengthened simultaneously, the Z type energy-saving composite block body of wall that the life-span of heat insulating material and performance is identical with construction wall.Can directly build into non-bearing exterior wall and load-bearing exterior wall by laying bricks or stones.
The utility model purpose is realized by following technical scheme:
A kind of Z type energy-saving composite block body of wall is made up of Z type insulation blocks internal lobe wall, square type building-block siphonal lobe wall, sandwich polyphenyl plate and reinforced mesh.Z type insulation blocks internal lobe wall is made up of Z type insulation blocks master's piece and the auxilliary piece of L type insulation blocks; Square type building-block siphonal lobe wall is made up of square type building-block master's piece and the auxilliary piece of L type building-block.Be provided with two dislocation through holes in the insulation blocks master piece housing of described Z type, be filled with the insulation pellet in the through hole, it is characterized in that the upper surface of the 2 insulation pellets insulation pellet wherein in the described Z type insulation blocks is lower than building-block shell end face 1-2cm, forms the groove of a 1-2cm.When building a wall, also comprise a step heat insulating block, this step heat insulating block can be partly embedded in the dark groove of building block end face 1-2cm, makes to form a polyphenyl insulation bar in each layer cement mortar.Simultaneously the upper surface of step heat insulating block when building a wall above the insulation blocks bottom face of one deck directly contact.Described square type building-block master piece is the building-block in single two holes of a square type, and upper bottom surface is arranged, and does not have bottom surface.The thickness of described polyphenyl plate is different along with different areas with different climates, generally at 30-100mm.Described reinforced mesh is ladder shape, and by the net sheet that the reinforcing bar of diameter of phi 4-Φ 6mm is made, the width of net sheet is than the little 30-50mm of width of body of wall, and the reinforcing bar longitudinal pitch is 200-600mm.During masonry panel, build two layers of Z type insulation blocks internal lobe wall and square type building-block siphonal lobe wall earlier by laying bricks or stones, in the insulation blocks of the insulation blocks internal lobe wall of every layer of Z type, place the step heat insulating block.In two layers of laying, insert the polyphenyl plate of about two layer heights in the siphonal lobe body of wall centre joint, place reinforced mesh afterwards thereon, smeared cement mortar, continue to build by laying bricks or stones the 3rd, 4 layer, place a slice reinforced mesh for per two layers, by that analogy.Respectively smear at last the cement mortar of 20mm at interior exterior wall surface.
The tangible technique effect of the utility model is: by adjusting the thickness of polyphenyl plate, can realize the requirement of different climatological regions energy-conservation 65%, reach good heat-insulating property, can build into non and load bearing wall as required by laying bricks or stones again.Use the utility model, integral wall does not have cold bridge, and exterior wall surface material unanimity the crack can not occur.After particularly adopting the utility model to build a wall, heat insulating material is crisscross in body of wall, not only solved the heat conduction problem of vertical mortar joint in the body of wall, and the heat conduction problem of the horizontal mortar joint of solution body of wall, promptly solved the cold bridge effect that the employed sand-lime layer of connection is produced between the building block when building a wall.Therefore under the condition that reaches fractional energy savings 65%, reduced the thickness of the polyphenyl plate of insulation layer, promptly saved cost, dwindled again body of wall thickness, strengthened the stability of body of wall, the life-span of heat insulating material and performance is identical with construction wall.Easy construction, cost is low.
Description of drawings
Accompanying drawing 1 is the utility model section structure schematic diagram;
Accompanying drawing 2 is the utility model Z type insulation blocks schematic diagram;
Accompanying drawing 3 is a L type insulation blocks schematic diagram;
Accompanying drawing 4 is a square type building-block three-view diagram;
Accompanying drawing 5 is a L type building-block three-view diagram;
Accompanying drawing 6 is the modular construction schematic diagram of step heat insulating block;
Accompanying drawing 7 is the reinforced mesh schematic diagram.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing feature of the present invention and other correlated characteristic are described in further detail
Label 1-7 in the accompanying drawing 1,2,3,4,5,6,7 represents 1-Z type insulation blocks, 2-L type insulation blocks, 3-square type building-block, 4-L type building-block, 5-polyphenyl plate, 6-reinforced mesh, 7-insulation pellet, 8-step heat insulating block respectively.
Embodiment 1:
Z type non-bearing energy-saving composite block body of wall, the use specification is the Z type non-bearing heat-preserving building block master piece of long 390mm, wide 190mm, high 190mm; The building-block master piece of long 390mm, wide 100mm, high 190mm; Be equipped with auxilliary piece of an amount of L type insulation blocks and the auxilliary piece of L type building-block on demand, molding polyphenyl plate and reinforced mesh that 80mm is thick are built a wall.
During masonry panel, build the insulation blocks internal lobe wall and the square type building-block siphonal lobe wall of two layers of Z type earlier by laying bricks or stones, in the insulation blocks of the insulation blocks internal lobe wall of every layer of Z type, place the step heat insulating block.In two layers of laying, insert the molding polyphenyl plate of about two layer heights in the siphonal lobe body of wall centre joint, place reinforced mesh afterwards thereon, smeared cement mortar, continue to build by laying bricks or stones the 3rd, 4 layer, place a slice reinforced mesh for per two layers, by that analogy.Respectively smear at last the cement mortar of 20mm at interior exterior wall surface.
The outer wall body of present embodiment, except that the every index that satisfies standard GB/15229-2002 " light aggregate concrete building-block ", body of wall main body section thermal transmittance can reach 0.338W/m 2℃.The body of wall mean thermal transmittance can reach 0.433W/m 2℃.The public building of climatological regions, severe cold area A district, the Inner Mongol such as present embodiment can be in Manzhouli, Dongwuzhumuqin Banner, Hailaer adopts, and fractional energy savings reaches 50%.Simultaneously can be in the Wuchuan County, the residential building of Inner Mongol B1 such as Tongliao City, Huhehaote City, Fengzhen, Guyang County, B2 climatological region adopts, fractional energy savings reaches 65%.
Embodiment 2:
Z type non-bearing energy-saving composite block body of wall, the use specification is the Z type insulation blocks master piece of long 390mm, wide 190mm, high 190mm; The square type building-block master piece of long 390mm, wide 100mm, high 190mm; Be equipped with auxilliary piece of an amount of L type insulation blocks and the auxilliary piece of L type building-block on demand, extruded polystyrene board and reinforced mesh that 50mm is thick are built a wall.
The masonry panel method is with embodiment 1.
The outer wall body of present embodiment, except that the every index that satisfies standard GB/15229-2002 " light aggregate concrete building-block ", body of wall main body section thermal transmittance can reach 0.346W/m 2℃.The body of wall mean thermal transmittance can reach 0.45W/m 2℃.Present embodiment also with in Manzhouli, the public building of climatological regions, severe cold area A district, the Inner Mongol such as Dongwuzhumuqin Banner, Hailaer adopts, fractional energy savings reaches 50%.Simultaneously can be in the Wuchuan County, the residential building of Inner Mongol B1 such as Tongliao City, Huhehaote City, Fengzhen, Guyang County, B2 climatological region adopts, fractional energy savings reaches 65%.
Embodiment 3:
Z type non-bearing energy-saving composite block body of wall, the use specification is the Z type insulation blocks master piece of long 390mm, wide 190mm, high 190mm; The square type building-block master piece of long 390mm, wide 100mm, high 190mm; Be equipped with auxilliary piece of an amount of L type insulation blocks and the auxilliary piece of L type building-block on demand, extruded polystyrene board and reinforced mesh that 100mm is thick are built a wall.
The masonry panel method is with embodiment 1.
The outer wall body of present embodiment, except satisfying the every index of national building trade standard about load bearing wall, body of wall main body section thermal transmittance can reach 0.227W/m 2℃.The body of wall mean thermal transmittance can reach 0.299W/m 2℃.The residential building in the A1 area of Inner Mongol severe cold areas such as present embodiment can be in the Genhe City, Yakeshi City, Manzhouli City, Hulunbeier City adopts, and fractional energy savings reaches 65%.
Though below design and embodiment according to the utility model purpose have been done to elaborate with reference to accompanying drawing; but those of ordinary skills can recognize; under the precondition that does not break away from the claim limited range; still can make various improvement and conversion to the utility model; such as the shape of two of Z type insulation blocks dislocation through holes is done simple conversion; simply become single three holes or four holes such as single two holes again and to the simple shape change in hole etc., and these improve and conversion still should belong to protection domain of the present utility model with square type building-block.

Claims (4)

1. Z type energy-saving composite block body of wall, it is characterized in that, by Z type insulation blocks internal lobe wall, square type building-block siphonal lobe wall, sandwich polyphenyl plate and reinforced mesh are formed, Z type insulation blocks internal lobe wall is made up of Z type insulation blocks master's piece and the auxilliary piece of L type insulation blocks, square type building-block siphonal lobe wall is made up of square type building-block master's piece and the auxilliary piece of L type building-block, the upper surface of the insulation pellet in the Z type insulation blocks is lower than building-block shell end face 1-2cm, form the groove of a 1-2cm, when building a wall, also comprise a step heat insulating block, this step heat insulating block can be partly embedded in the dark groove of building block end face 1-2cm, makes to form a polyphenyl insulation bar in the cement sand bed in the middle of per two layers of building block.
2. a kind of Z type energy-saving composite block body of wall according to claim 1, feature are that square type building-block master piece is the single two hole building-blocks of a square type, and upper bottom surface is arranged, and does not have bottom surface.
3. a kind of Z type energy-saving composite block body of wall according to claim 1, feature are that the length of the last piece of step heat insulating block is than the thickness of long two the building block wall thickness of length of following piece.
4. a kind of Z type energy-saving composite block body of wall according to claim 1, feature be, reinforced mesh is ladder shape, and the width of net sheet is than the little 30-50mm of width of body of wall, and the reinforcing bar longitudinal pitch is 200-600mm.
CN2010205873660U 2010-10-24 2010-10-24 Z-shaped energy-saving composite block masonry wall Expired - Fee Related CN201843229U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010205873660U CN201843229U (en) 2010-10-24 2010-10-24 Z-shaped energy-saving composite block masonry wall

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010205873660U CN201843229U (en) 2010-10-24 2010-10-24 Z-shaped energy-saving composite block masonry wall

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN201843229U true CN201843229U (en) 2011-05-25

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C17 Cessation of patent right
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Granted publication date: 20110525

Termination date: 20131024