The efficient buffer storage of a kind of wrapping machine
The utility model relates to a kind of wrapping machine, particularly a kind of efficient buffer storage of being located between wrapping machine article dispensing apparatus and the palletizing apparatus of wrapping machine.
Having a kind of in the known wrapping machine is to be used for rectangular pack article such as some cigarettes are carried out piling by the quantity of setting, and places a label then on the good article of piling, again these buttress article is carried out the film-covering sealing packing.With reference to figure 1, Fig. 2, this kind wrapping machine comprises frame 6 ' and is located at feedway 1 ' on the frame 6 ', counting assembly 2 ', palletizing apparatus 3 ', film-covering sealing device 4 ', label dispensing apparatus 5 ' and turning device 7 ', wherein said feedway 1 ' adopt go up pinch roller 11 ' and down pinch roller 12 ' carry by the flat belt clamping, the strip article are transported on the turning device 7 ', station of rotation dropped on the catching device of palletizing apparatus 3 ' upset downwards of strip article after turning device 7 ' received the packed article of setting quantity, counting assembly 2 ' is located at feedway 1 ' outlet and is used for the strip article that enter on the turning device 7 ' are counted, described film-covering sealing device 4 ' is used for the good strip article of piling are put layer of plastic film, engage position at plastic sheeting cuts off plastic sheeting and sealing-in simultaneously, above-mentioned each mechanism and relative position relation promptly are provided with existing clear record in the disclosed patent documentation of automatic coating seal thermal shrinking package machine of accurate guiding mechanism at the Chinese patent CN2595676 of on December 31st, 2003 bulletin, will not describe in detail at this.(patent No.: 200720045635.9) disclosed a kind of film-covering sealing thermal shrinking package machine also discloses dependency structure to the Chinese patent CN201102643 that announced on August 20th, 2008 simultaneously, this technical scheme realizes the packing material feedway by stack trays and pushes away buffer memory between the bag support, but owing to there is not palletizing apparatus, the number of plies of stack trays will design morely like this, entire bracket is higher, is unfavorable for the operation and maintenance maintenance.The deficiency that aforementioned two kinds of wrapping machine all exist is: since the bar cigarette of piling finish after plectrum 31 ' to push on the next station, in the process of stirring, turning device 7 ' is the flip bar cigarette downwards, otherwise the bar cigarette can not arrive the position and the state of setting in the process of dropping, so that the piling operation can not be finished smoothly, turning device 7 ' discharges article downwards and gives palletizing apparatus 3 ' after the strip article that piling is good that need wait plectrum 31 ' when palletizing apparatus 3 ' is carried the strip article of setting quantity are removed like this, turning device 7 ' spacing movement make whole wrapping machine efficient can not be effectively played.From the scope of broad sense more, it generally all is provided with article dispensing apparatus and palletizing apparatus for the wrapping machine of similar structures, the article that manufacturing line comes out pass through dispensing apparatus continuously to the palletizing apparatus granting, palletizing apparatus need enter next step packaging process well with the article piling, between adjacent two piling operations, dispensing apparatus faces the problem identical with aforementioned structure: promptly not matching on turning device of providing continuously and the interruption piling speed causes wrapping machine production efficiency not to be not fully exerted.
Be to solve aforementioned technical problem, the present inventor is used for accepting products to be packaged between two operations at catching device and plays the buffer memory effect in that a buffer storage is set between wrapping machine article dispensing apparatus mouth and the palletizing apparatus.With reference to figure 3, described buffer storage 8 ' comprises cylinder 81 ', two connecting rods 82 ' and two supporting plates 83 ', described two supporting plates 83 ' are respectively equipped with the horizontal-extending part, the frame 6 ' that two supporting plates 83 ' can be symmetrically set in wrapping machine with laterally relatively moving go up and an end of each supporting plate hinged with an end of each connecting rod 82 ' respectively, the other end of each connecting rod 82 ' is hinged with the piston rod of cylinder 81 ' respectively.By increasing this buffer storage, when reaching the quantity of piling, packed article need remove the good article of piling, accept by buffer storage from the turning device article that get off that overturn during this time, when palletizing apparatus can carry out the next round piling, actuating device just is discharged into the article of buffer memory on the supporting plate in the palletizing apparatus, turning device just can overturn after just need not waiting for and removing the good article of piling like this, thereby turning device is connected with the operation of palletizing apparatus, and wrapping machine can continuous running.Find in the use that when wrapping machine speed was very fast, row's caching function that buffer storage provides did not satisfy the needs of wrapping machine, the equipment operation fault rate is higher.
The utility model content
The purpose of this utility model provides a kind of buffer efficiency height, the reliable efficient buffer storage of wrapping machine.
The technical scheme that the utility model adopted is such: the efficient buffer storage of a kind of wrapping machine, it is located between the article dispensing apparatus and supporting plate of wrapping machine, comprise frame, two groups of swing type mechanisms, actuating device and electric control system, two groups of swing type mechanisms are symmetrically set in the frame both lateral sides, described each swing type mechanism comprises two rotating shafts respectively, four sprocket wheels, two chains, the complex root pressure pin, described two rotating shafts are located at the horizontal side of frame and vertically at interval along continuous straight runs are set and are arranged side by side, four sprocket wheels are located at an axial end of each rotating shaft respectively, article two, chain is located at respectively and is made two rotating shafts rotate synchronously on each sprocket wheel, axial end of at least one rotating shaft and actuating device are in transmission connection, the axial two ends of each pressure pin are hubbed on two chains, and the mouth of electric control system is electrically connected with actuating device.
The efficient buffer storage of above-mentioned wrapping machine, described pressure pin are two to the six roots of sensation.
By adopting the aforementioned techniques scheme, the beneficial effects of the utility model are: packed article is discharged into buffer storage from dispensing apparatus, the every release one row's packed article of dispensing apparatus, then electric control system accessory drive action, two swing type mechanisms rotate a station, show that being positioned at the pressure pin of accepting station moves down the distance that is equivalent to the packed article height, dispensing apparatus can be followed and discharge row's packed article again this moment, so constantly repeat, when reaching the piling quantity of setting, the action of electric control system accessory drive, when being positioned at the pressure pin of accepting station and moving down the supporting plate that is lower than palletizing apparatus, this pressure pin outwards is rotated away from palletizing apparatus downwards along the rotating shaft that is positioned at the below, packed article is released on the supporting plate of palletizing apparatus, the plectrum of palletizing apparatus can the packed article that piling is good be removed and can not interfered with pressure pin this moment, therefore driving lever and pressure pin have been realized seamless link, accept this structure of packed article with respect to traditional palletizing apparatus with the cylinder lifting, this buffer storage need not to wait for the round buffer efficiency that improved of cylinder, thereby the reliability of equipment operation also is protected.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the front view of known wrapping machine;
Fig. 2 is the birds-eye view of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is known wrapping machine buffer storage structural representation;
Fig. 4 is the utility model embodiment wrapping machine block diagram;
Fig. 5 is the block diagram of buffer storage among the utility model embodiment;
Fig. 6 is another visual angle block diagram of buffer storage among the utility model embodiment;
Fig. 7 is the partial perspective view of buffer storage among Fig. 6;
The specific embodiment
What the utility model mainly solved is the buffer storage problem of seamless link between known wrapping machine article dispensing apparatus and the palletizing apparatus, and therefore for better understanding this structure, what embodiment enumerated is the example of a concrete wrapping machine.
With reference to figure 4, embodiment discloses a kind of cigarette-packaging machine, it comprises frame 1 and is located at feedway 2 on the frame 1, counting assembly 3, article dispensing apparatus 6, buffer storage, palletizing apparatus 4 and film-covering sealing device 5, described feedway 2, article dispensing apparatus 6, buffer storage, palletizing apparatus 4 and film-covering sealing device 5 are located on the frame 1 successively according to the packaging process of packing material, feedway 2 is used for cigarette is delivered to article dispensing apparatus 6, the upset blade discharged cigarette to buffer storage after article dispensing apparatus 6 received a whole cigarette of arranging, buffer storage discharges cigarette to palletizing apparatus 4 again, palletizing apparatus 4 moves to film-covering sealing device 5 with cigarette to carry out film-covering sealing packing and finishes whole packaging process, each component part of except that buffer storage other and relative position relation partly and in the mentioned patent documentation all have in detail openly in background technology, do not repeat them here.
Described buffer storage comprises frame, two groups of swing type mechanisms 7, servomotor 8, electric control system, described frame is used for fixing and supports other each component part, here frame is the component part of cigarette-packaging machine frame 1, two groups of swing type mechanisms 7 are symmetrically set in frame 1 both lateral sides, described here laterally is with respect to the direction at cigarette its place, length direction two ends when article dispensing apparatus 6 discharges, described each swing type mechanism 7 comprises two rotating shafts 71 respectively, four sprocket wheels 72, two chain (not shown)s, three pressure pins 74, described two rotating shafts 71 are located at frame 1 a horizontal side and vertically at interval along continuous straight runs are set and are arranged side by side, four sprocket wheels 72 are located at an axial end of each rotating shaft 71 respectively, article two, chain is located at respectively and is made two rotating shafts 71 rotate synchronously on each sprocket wheel 72, two rotating shafts 71 that frame 1 both lateral sides is positioned at the below are in transmission connection by the output shaft of tooth commentaries on classics 75 and helical wheel transmission system 76 and servomotor 8 respectively, the axial two ends of three pressure pins 74 articulate respectively to be located on each chain and to be horizontally disposed with, because the gearing of each chain in each group swing type mechanism 7, two swing type mechanisms 7 drive respectively each chain and on the gyroscopic movement that from up to down outwards makes progress again of pressure pin 74, the whole row cigarette that discharges from article dispensing apparatus 6 two pressure pins 74 being positioned at the both lateral sides of buffer storage inboard are caught like this, and the mouth of electric control system is electrically connected with servomotor 8.
In the time of the cigarette-packaging machine operation, the cigarette of one rule constantly is admitted to article dispensing apparatus 6 from feedway 2, described article dispensing apparatus 6 partly has clear the announcement in background technology, the blade 62 of dispensing apparatus is after five cigarettes of axial direction reception of rotating shaft 61, servomotor control rotating shaft 61 is rotated a station, these five cigarette by gravitys are released in frame 1 inboard and its transverse ends is held by two pressure pins 74 of both sides, each rotating shaft 71 of servomotor 8 controls is rotated then, chain drives the distance that pressure pin 74 moves down a cigarette thickness, rotating shaft 61 is rotated once more after article dispensing apparatus 6 receives five cigarettes once more, article five, cigarette is released to the top of described five cigarettes in pressure pin 74 tops, so repeat, cigarette row number on the pressure pin 74 constantly increases, servomotor 8 constantly control pressure pin 74 moves down, when the piling quantity that reaches setting during as five layers, pressure pin 74 is outwards done circular motion downwards under the drive of chain, five layers of bar cigarette are released on the supporting plate of palletizing apparatus 4, meanwhile, originally two pressure pins 74 that were positioned at frame 1 outside upwards inwardly enter the station of accepting cigarette do circular motion, simultaneously the driving lever 41 of palletizing apparatus 4 does not influence the buffer storage operation when removing the good five layers of bar cigarette of piling, the ingenious realization buffer storage of gyroscopic movement by adopting pressure pin 74 and the seamless link of supporting plate.
In the foregoing description, thickness and needs of production according to packed article, the quantity of described pressure pin can be in 2 to 6 any one quantity in addition can be more, it can realize the purpose of this utility model equally, on the other hand, the displacement of detection pressure pin can be used near switch and also can adopt photoelectric switch, both are widely used in commercial unit already, the electric control system of wrapping machine can adopt near switch or the running of photoelectric switch control servomotor with respect to the electric control system of conventional bag installation, and then the function of control pressure pin 74 displacements, this mode can realize for the Electrical Engineer of this area easily, the support that perhaps obtains the servomotor factory engineer realizes this control process, chain also can just be finished with bringing synchronously, and the mechanics of this wrapping machine buffer storage is only the utility model essence improvement part.In addition, based on same design, two chains and cooresponding sprocket wheel described in the embodiment can adopt is located at an axially chain realization at middle part of rotating shaft, and it can realize the purpose of this utility model equally, surely belongs to the scope of the utility model institute letter lid.