CN201833867U - Controller and control system for petrol-electric direct current motor - Google Patents

Controller and control system for petrol-electric direct current motor Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201833867U
CN201833867U CN201020117735XU CN201020117735U CN201833867U CN 201833867 U CN201833867 U CN 201833867U CN 201020117735X U CN201020117735X U CN 201020117735XU CN 201020117735 U CN201020117735 U CN 201020117735U CN 201833867 U CN201833867 U CN 201833867U
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China
Prior art keywords
electricity
controller
gasoline
dual
brushless motor
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201020117735XU
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
余小波
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Guangdong Gobao Electronic Technology Co Ltd
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Shenzhen Gobao Electronic Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201020117735XU priority Critical patent/CN201833867U/en
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Publication of CN201833867U publication Critical patent/CN201833867U/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/62Hybrid vehicles

Abstract

The utility model provides a controller and a control system for a petrol-electric direct current motor. Since the petrol-electricity mode conversion input circuit, the relay driving circuit, the motor driving circuit, the main controller and the switch module are additionally arranged, the switching of two modes of petrol and electricity is realized; the three-linkage switch is controlled through the coil in the external relay, so that the on/off of the controller for the petrol-electric direct current motor and the motor is controlled; and the petrol-electric vehicles adopting the controller or the control system for the petrol-electric direct current motor can realize petrol drive, electric drive and petrol-electric hybrid drive. The utility model has the advantages of security, environmental friendliness, and simplicity and convenience in operation of an electric bicycle, also achieves high driving speed and strong climbing ability of a motorcycle, even can work in the mode of petrol-electric hybrid drive, generate greater torque and higher speed than the motorcycle, can be used for charging for the battery and provide farther endurance mileage and more reliable riding guarantee for a user.

Description

Dual-use with gasoline and electricity DC brushless motor controller and control system
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of controller, relates in particular to a kind of dual-use with gasoline and electricity DC brushless motor controller and control system.
Background technology
Electrical Bicycle because of safety, environmental protection, ride simple to operationly, be widely used at present, be difficult to satisfy deficiency such as long distance travel demand but it exists again that moving velocity is slow, hill climbing ability is poor, the battery accumulation of energy is limited.And traditional fuel motorcycle moving velocity is fast, hill climbing ability is strong, but owing to use gasoline to be fuel, not only price is expensive, and exhaust emissions also easily causes environmental pollution.These two kinds of vehicle respectively have merits and faults, if can be with both combinations, it be moving then both can to start oil in the more abominable mountain area of the condition of riding, even oily electric mixed function, reach requirement than higher rotating speed of common motor bike and bigger moment, and when descending or oil are moving to battery charge; Can the peace and quiet of electricity consumption flowing mode travel on smooth urban pavement again, it is safer to drive a vehicle, and has reduced oil consumption, saves cost.But, how to realize in the process of moving that electronic, oil moves and the switching of oily electric hybrid mode, be masty key issue always.
Summary of the invention
The utility model is at the above-mentioned problems in the prior art, a kind of dual-use with gasoline and electricity DC brushless motor controller and control system are provided, make car when not having oil or oil price higher, adopt electricity to drive, when electric weight exhausts, adopt oil to drive, promoted travelled distance greatly.Dual-use with gasoline and electricity DC brushless motor controller of the present invention and control system both can two kinds of patterns of oil/electricity work alone, and can adopt the pattern work of oily electric combination again, for the user provides multiple choices.
The dual-use with gasoline and electricity DC brushless motor controller that the utility model provides comprises
Switch module has an oily TURP and changes a switch and a flame-out master cock, and described flame-out master cock connects the flame-out line of dual-use with gasoline and electricity car, and described oily TURP changes switch and exports oily TURP and change signal;
Oil power mode conversion input circuit, its input end receives described oily TURP and changes signal, the mouth output primary controller control signal of described oily power mode conversion input circuit;
Primary controller, its input end is electrically connected with the mouth of described oily power mode conversion input circuit, receive described primary controller control signal, the first mouth output relay driving circuit control signal of described primary controller, the second mouth output motor driving circuit control signal of described primary controller;
Relay drive circuit, its input end links to each other with first mouth electricity of described primary controller, receives described relay drive circuit control signal, described relay drive circuit output relay control signal;
Motor-drive circuit, its input end is electrically connected with second mouth of described primary controller, receives described motor-drive circuit control signal, and described motor-drive circuit mouth has A, B, three output of C phase line.
The dual-use with gasoline and electricity DC brushless motor controller that the utility model provides, described oily power mode conversion input circuit comprises first resistance, second resistance and electric capacity, described oily TURP changes switch and is electrically connected with the input end of described primary controller by described first resistance, described oily TURP changes switch and is electrically connected with first Input voltage terminal by described second resistance, and the input end of described primary controller is by described capacity earth.
Preferably, the described first Input voltage terminal input+5V voltage.
The dual-use with gasoline and electricity DC brushless motor controller that the utility model provides, described relay drive circuit comprises an aerotron and a diode, the base stage of described aerotron is electrically connected with first mouth of described primary controller, receive described relay drive circuit control signal, the described reversal of diode between the collecting electrode and second Input voltage terminal of described aerotron, the grounded emitter of described aerotron; The voltage signal at described diode two ends is described relay control signal.
Preferably, the described second Input voltage terminal input+48V voltage.
Preferably, described primary controller is a micro controller system.
Another purpose of the present utility model is to provide a kind of dual-use with gasoline and electricity dc brushless motor control system, comprise aforesaid dual-use with gasoline and electricity DC brushless motor controller, a three-phase direct-current brushless motor and an external relay, described external relay comprises three gang switchs, first switch ends of described three gang switchs is connected electrically in respectively on the A phase line of the A phase line of described three-phase direct-current brushless motor and described motor-drive circuit, the two ends of the second switch of described three gang switchs are connected electrically in respectively on the B phase line of the B phase line of described three-phase direct-current brushless motor and described motor-drive circuit, and the two ends of the 3rd switch of described three gang switchs are connected electrically in respectively on the C phase line of the C phase line of described three-phase direct-current brushless motor and described motor-drive circuit; Also comprise the coil of controlling described three gang switchs in described external relay, described coil is controlled by described relay control signal.
Compared with prior art, the utility model is by increasing oily power mode conversion input circuit, relay drive circuit, motor-drive circuit, primary controller and switch module, realize oil, the switching of two kinds of patterns of electricity, and control three gang switchs by the coil in the external relay, and then the break-make of control dual-use with gasoline and electricity DC brushless motor controller and motor, make and adopt the dual-use with gasoline and electricity car of described dual-use with gasoline and electricity DC brushless motor controller and control system (both can use engine operation, can use machine operation again) realization " oil is moving ", the function of " electronic " and " oily electric combination drive ", existing Electrical Bicycle safety, environmental protection, advantage such as simple to operation, the moving velocity that has motor bike again is fast, the advantage that hill climbing ability is strong, even can be with the oil electricity in conjunction with drive pattern work, generation is than bigger moment of motor bike and more speed, and can be battery charge, can provide farther continuation of the journey mileage and the more failure-free guarantee of riding for the user.
Description of drawings
The constructional drawing of the dual-use with gasoline and electricity DC brushless motor controller that Fig. 1 the utility model embodiment provides;
The system diagram of the control system that Fig. 2 the utility model embodiment provides.
The specific embodiment
See also Fig. 1, the constructional drawing of the dual-use with gasoline and electricity DC brushless motor controller that provides for the utility model embodiment.In the present embodiment, dual-use with gasoline and electricity brushless motor controller 1 comprises oily power mode conversion input circuit 11, relay drive circuit 12, primary controller 13 and switch module 14 and motor-drive circuit 15.The input end of oil power mode conversion input circuit 11 is electrically connected with switch module 14, described switch module 14 comprises that the oily TURP that is installed on the dual-use with gasoline and electricity car (not shown) changes switch 141 and flame-out master cock 142, described oily TURP changes switch 141 1 end ground connection, the other end is electrically connected to the input end of oily power mode conversion input circuit 11, described flame-out master cock 142 1 end ground connection, the other end is connected on the flame-out line 143 of dual-use with gasoline and electricity car, change switch 141 and flame-out master cock 142 is controlled whether stopping working of car by oily TURP, change the oily TURP of switch 141 oil supply power modes conversion input circuit 11 outputs by oily TURP simultaneously and change signal, realize that oily TURP changes and oily electric combination drive function.
The dual-use with gasoline and electricity DC brushless motor controller that the utility model provides, the input end of oil power mode conversion input circuit 11 receives the oily TURP that oily TURP changes switch 141 outputs and changes signal, the mouth output primary controller control signal of oily power mode conversion input circuit 11; Oil power mode conversion input circuit 11 comprises first resistance R 1, second resistance R 2 and capacitor C 1, described oily TURP changes switch 141 and is electrically connected with the input end of primary controller 13 by first resistance R 1, the oil TURP changes switch 141 and is electrically connected with first Input voltage terminal 111 by second resistance R 2, and the input end of described primary controller 13 is by capacitor C 1 ground connection.In the present embodiment, described first Input voltage terminal, 111 input+5V voltages.
The dual-use with gasoline and electricity DC brushless motor controller that the utility model provides, the input end of primary controller 13 is electrically connected with the mouth of described oily power mode conversion input circuit 11, receive the primary controller control signal of oily power mode conversion input circuit 11 outputs, the first mouth output relay driving circuit control signal of primary controller 13, the second mouth output motor driving circuit control signal of primary controller 13.In the present embodiment, primary controller 13 is a micro controller system, and primary controller 13 can also select for use other to have the element of controllable function.
The dual-use with gasoline and electricity DC brushless motor controller that the utility model provides, the input end of relay drive circuit 12 links to each other with first mouth electricity of described primary controller 13, receive the relay drive circuit control signal of primary controller 13 first mouths output, described relay drive circuit 12 output relay control signals.Relay drive circuit 12 comprises an aerotron Q1 and a diode D1, the base stage of aerotron Q1 is electrically connected with first mouth of primary controller 13, receive the relay drive circuit control signal of primary controller 13 first mouths output, described diode D1 reversal connection between the collecting electrode and second Input voltage terminal 121 of described aerotron Q1, the grounded emitter of aerotron Q1; The voltage signal at described diode D1 two ends is described relay control signal.In the present embodiment, described second Input voltage terminal, 121 input+48V voltages.The input end of motor-drive circuit 15 is electrically connected with second mouth of described primary controller 13, receives the motor-drive circuit control signal of primary controller 13 second mouths output, and the mouth of described motor-drive circuit 15 has A, B, three output of C phase line.
The utility model also provides a kind of dual-use with gasoline and electricity dc brushless motor control system, as shown in Figure 2, comprise aforesaid dual-use with gasoline and electricity DC brushless motor controller 1, a three-phase direct-current brushless motor (not shown) and an external relay 2, described external relay 2 comprises three gang switchs 21, first switch, 211 two ends of described three gang switchs 21 are connected electrically in respectively on the A phase line of the A phase line of described three-phase direct-current brushless motor and described motor-drive circuit 15, the two ends of the second switch 212 of described three gang switchs are connected electrically in respectively on the B phase line of the B phase line of described three-phase direct-current brushless motor and described motor-drive circuit 15, and the two ends of the 3rd switch 213 of described three gang switchs are connected electrically in respectively on the C phase line of the C phase line of described three-phase direct-current brushless motor and described motor-drive circuit 15; Also comprise the coil 22 of controlling described three gang switchs 21 in described external relay 2, described coil 22 is controlled by described relay control signal.
Below by embodiment, further describe the working process of the control system that the utility model provides.
The utility model embodiment 1 provides a kind of dual-use with gasoline and electricity brushless motor controller and control system, and its mode of operation is as follows: the gang switch 21 of outside relay 2 is normally closed, i.e. normal open between three-phase direct-current brushless motor and the motor-drive circuit 15.Oily TURP is changed switch 141 and flame-out master cock 142 closures, flame-out line 143 of dual-use with gasoline and electricity car this moment and ground short circuit, car is in flameout state, tail-off, oily TURP changes signal ground simultaneously, after the R1 in the oily power mode conversion input circuit 11 of dual-use with gasoline and electricity brushless motor controller 1, C1 filtering, give primary controller 13 1 low level signals, dual-use with gasoline and electricity brushless motor controller 1 enters electric model, realizes electric functions, and this moment, dual-use with gasoline and electricity car functional equivalent was in Electrical Bicycle; Under electric model, press oily TURP once more and change switch 141 and flame-out master cock 142, with its disconnection, flame-out line 143 of dual-use with gasoline and electricity car and high level short circuit, motor is in can starting state, press the motor starting driving engine this moment, engine operation, it is unsettled that oily TURP of while changes signal, after the R1 in the oily power mode conversion input circuit 11 on the dual-use with gasoline and electricity brushless motor controller 1, C1 filtering, give primary controller 13 1 high level signals, dual-use with gasoline and electricity brushless motor controller 1 enters oily dynamic model formula.
Embodiment 2 described in the utility model provides another kind of dual-use with gasoline and electricity brushless motor controller and control system, can work by the mode opposite with embodiment 1, that is: gang switch 21 normally closed the closing of outside relay 2; Oily TURP is changed switch 141 and 142 disconnections of flame-out master cock, flame-out line 143 of dual-use with gasoline and electricity car this moment and high level short circuit, car is in flameout state, tail-off, it is unsettled that oily TURP of while changes signal, after the R1 in the oily power mode conversion input circuit 11 of dual-use with gasoline and electricity brushless motor controller 1, C1 filtering, give primary controller 13 1 high level signals, dual-use with gasoline and electricity brushless motor controller 1 enters electric model, realizes electric functions, and this moment, dual-use with gasoline and electricity car functional equivalent was in Electrical Bicycle; Under electric model, press oily TURP once more and change switch 141 and flame-out master cock 142, with its closure, flame-out line 143 of car and ground short circuit, motor are in can starting state, press the motor starting driving engine this moment, engine operation, oily TURP changes signal ground simultaneously, after the R1 in the oily power mode conversion input circuit 11 on the dual-use with gasoline and electricity brushless motor controller 1, C1 filtering, give primary controller 13 1 low level signals, dual-use with gasoline and electricity brushless motor controller 1 enters oily dynamic model formula.
Under oily dynamic model formula, dual-use with gasoline and electricity brushless motor controller 1 can disconnect or starter motor according to following situation, realizes oily electric mixed function:
A. travel speed when slow at the dual-use with gasoline and electricity car, during as startup, climbing, heavy load operation, when dual-use with gasoline and electricity brushless motor controller 1 detects moving velocity and is lower than a certain value by motor Hall period of change T (as Hall period of change T during more than or equal to 8.5ms, T is big more, and the explanation motor speed is slow more, the car speed of travelling is slow more, vice versa), starter motor, make motor and simultaneous firing, promptly with " oily electric combination drive " pattern work, make the dual-use with gasoline and electricity car start stronger, quicken faster.
B. when the dual-use with gasoline and electricity car speed of travelling increases to a certain scope, be motor Hall period of change T when detecting moving velocity and increasing to a certain scope (as 4.5ms<=T<8.5ms time), dual-use with gasoline and electricity brushless motor controller 1 stops drive motor, carrying out reverse charge handles, motor starter/generator effect this moment is to battery charge.
C. travel speed when big at the dual-use with gasoline and electricity car, be that motor Hall period of change T detects moving velocity when big (as T<4.5ms time), dual-use with gasoline and electricity brushless motor controller 1 stops drive motor, give relay drive circuit 12 high level signals simultaneously, the Q1 conducting, thereby make coil 22 and the Q1 of 48V power supply in outside relay 2 form the loop, external relay 2 conductings, disconnect three gang switchs 21, reach final disconnection dual-use with gasoline and electricity brushless motor controller 1 and motor purpose of connecting, motor can't be avoided damaging battery because of motor produces high voltage under overall height speed motoring condition to battery charge because of forming the loop.Same, dual-use with gasoline and electricity brushless motor controller 1 can also pass through to relay drive circuit 12 low level signals, and Q1 ends, and coil 22 and the Q1 of 48V power supply in outside relay 2 disconnected, and reaches purpose similarly to Example 1.Above-mentioned dual mode, according to the energising of magnetic test coil 22 whether, decide to relay drive circuit 12 output high level or low level signals, as long as change the on/off electricity condition of coil, can reach the purpose that disconnects three gang switchs 21, thereby disconnect being connected of dual-use with gasoline and electricity brushless motor controller 1 and motor.
Dual-use with gasoline and electricity brushless motor controller of the present invention and control system, no matter be operated under the moving or electric model of oil, that dual-use with gasoline and electricity brushless motor controller 1 detects is any when making the fault that it can't the driven motor (, controller too fast as overvoltage, under-voltage, metal-oxide-semiconductor damage, overcurrent, the speed of a motor vehicle and motor Hall/phase line do not match etc.), the capital disconnects the connection of three-phase direct-current brushless motor by outside relay 2, thereby makes the dual-use with gasoline and electricity car can clog-freely independently use engine operation.
Compared with prior art, the utlity model has following advantage: in conjunction with the advantage of electric bicycle and motorcycle, existing electric bicycle safety, environmental protection, the advantage such as simple to operation, the advantage that travel speed is fast, climbing capacity is strong that has again motorcycle, even can be with the oil electricity in conjunction with drive pattern work, generation is than motorcycle more high-torque and more speed, and can charge for battery, can provide farther course continuation mileage and the more reliable guarantee of riding for the user.

Claims (7)

1. a dual-use with gasoline and electricity DC brushless motor controller is characterized in that, comprises
Switch module has an oily TURP and changes a switch and a flame-out master cock, and described flame-out master cock connects the flame-out line of dual-use with gasoline and electricity car, and described oily TURP changes switch and exports oily TURP and change signal;
Oil power mode conversion input circuit, its input end receives described oily TURP and changes signal, the mouth output primary controller control signal of described oily power mode conversion input circuit;
Primary controller, its input end is electrically connected with the mouth of described oily power mode conversion input circuit, receive described primary controller control signal, the first mouth output relay driving circuit control signal of described primary controller, the second mouth output motor driving circuit control signal of described primary controller;
Relay drive circuit, its input end links to each other with first mouth electricity of described primary controller, receives described relay drive circuit control signal, described relay drive circuit output relay control signal;
Motor-drive circuit, its input end is electrically connected with second mouth of described primary controller, receives described motor-drive circuit control signal, and described motor-drive circuit mouth has A, B, three output of C phase line.
2. dual-use with gasoline and electricity DC brushless motor controller as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, described oily power mode conversion input circuit comprises first resistance, second resistance and electric capacity, described oily TURP changes switch and is electrically connected with the input end of described primary controller by described first resistance, described oily TURP changes switch and is electrically connected with first Input voltage terminal by described second resistance, and the input end of described primary controller is by described capacity earth.
3. dual-use with gasoline and electricity DC brushless motor controller as claimed in claim 2 is characterized in that, the described first Input voltage terminal input+5V voltage.
4. as claim 1,2 or 3 described dual-use with gasoline and electricity DC brushless motor controllers, it is characterized in that, described relay drive circuit comprises an aerotron and a diode, the base stage of described aerotron is electrically connected with first mouth of described primary controller, receive described relay drive circuit control signal, the described reversal of diode between the collecting electrode and second Input voltage terminal of described aerotron, the grounded emitter of described aerotron; The voltage signal at described diode two ends is described relay control signal.
5. dual-use with gasoline and electricity DC brushless motor controller as claimed in claim 4 is characterized in that, the described second Input voltage terminal input+48V voltage.
6. dual-use with gasoline and electricity DC brushless motor controller as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that, described primary controller is a micro controller system.
7. dual-use with gasoline and electricity dc brushless motor control system, it is characterized in that, comprise the described dual-use with gasoline and electricity DC brushless motor controller of claim 1, a three-phase direct-current brushless motor and an external relay, described external relay comprises three gang switchs, first switch ends of described three gang switchs is connected electrically in respectively on the A phase line of the A phase line of described three-phase direct-current brushless motor and described motor-drive circuit, the two ends of the second switch of described three gang switchs are connected electrically in respectively on the B phase line of the B phase line of described three-phase direct-current brushless motor and described motor-drive circuit, and the two ends of the 3rd switch of described three gang switchs are connected electrically in respectively on the C phase line of the C phase line of described three-phase direct-current brushless motor and described motor-drive circuit; Also comprise the coil of controlling described three gang switchs in described external relay, described coil is controlled by described relay control signal.
CN201020117735XU 2010-02-24 2010-02-24 Controller and control system for petrol-electric direct current motor Expired - Fee Related CN201833867U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201020117735XU CN201833867U (en) 2010-02-24 2010-02-24 Controller and control system for petrol-electric direct current motor

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201020117735XU CN201833867U (en) 2010-02-24 2010-02-24 Controller and control system for petrol-electric direct current motor

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CN201020117735XU Expired - Fee Related CN201833867U (en) 2010-02-24 2010-02-24 Controller and control system for petrol-electric direct current motor

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2013078914A1 (en) * 2011-11-28 2013-06-06 中联重科股份有限公司 Charging and discharging circuit for electrical system

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2013078914A1 (en) * 2011-11-28 2013-06-06 中联重科股份有限公司 Charging and discharging circuit for electrical system

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CP03 Change of name, title or address

Address after: Industrial Road, Songshan Lake high tech Industrial Development Zone of Guangdong Province, Dongguan City, No. 3, 523000

Patentee after: Guangdong Gobao Electronic Technology Co., Ltd.

Address before: Villageroad Industrial Zone A4, Longgang District of Shenzhen City, Guangdong province 518000 2 floor

Patentee before: Shenzhen Gaobiao Electronic Technology Co., Ltd.

C56 Change in the name or address of the patentee

Owner name: GUANGDONG GOBAO ELECTRONIC TECHNOLOGY CO., LTD.

Free format text: FORMER NAME: SHENZHEN GAOBIAO ELECTRONIC TECHNOLOGY CO., LTD.

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20110518

Termination date: 20190224

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee