CN201809087U - Tower crane monitoring system - Google Patents

Tower crane monitoring system Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN201809087U
CN201809087U CN2010205472862U CN201020547286U CN201809087U CN 201809087 U CN201809087 U CN 201809087U CN 2010205472862 U CN2010205472862 U CN 2010205472862U CN 201020547286 U CN201020547286 U CN 201020547286U CN 201809087 U CN201809087 U CN 201809087U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
tower crane
master controller
signal input
sensor
monitored control
Prior art date
Application number
CN2010205472862U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
贾志清
Original Assignee
贾志清
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 贾志清 filed Critical 贾志清
Priority to CN2010205472862U priority Critical patent/CN201809087U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN201809087U publication Critical patent/CN201809087U/en

Links

Abstract

The utility model relates to a tower crane monitoring system which comprises a power supply, a display, a main controller, a weight measuring sensor, an amplitude sensor, a wind speed sensor, a corner sensor and a height sensor; the power supply is respectively connected with the display and the main controller; the weight signal output end of the weight measuring sensor is connected with the main controller; the amplitude signal output end of the amplitude sensor is connected with the main controller; the wind speed signal output end of the wind speed sensor is connected with the wind speed signal input end of the main controller; the angle signal output end of the corner sensor is connected with the angle signal input end of the main controller; the height signal output end of the height sensor is connected with the height signal input end of the main controller; and the signal output end of the main controller is connected with the signal input end of the display. The tower crane monitoring system is convenient for monitoring all physical parameters when a tower crane works so as to effectively reduce the accident occurrence frequency when the tower crane works.

Description

A kind of tower crane monitored control system
Technical field
The utility model relates to the control technology field of hoisting crane, particularly a kind of tower crane monitored control system.
Background technology
Along with construction market is active day by day, the height of building constantly increases, and therefore, the dependence to tower crane during building operation is also increasing.At present, tower crane has been widely used in occasions such as building, harbour, railway freight as a kind of transportation means.Because the complexity of built environment (such as: obstacle such as frequent, high pressure building of cross-operation is in work area etc. between tower crane), the safety when how to ensure the tower crane operation is present problem demanding prompt solution.
In the prior art, in order to ensure the tower crane safety in when operation, generally the tower crane fender guard of Cai Yonging is " four limited double-insurances ", that is: four spacingly are: moment, superelevation, luffing, walking inhibiting device; Double insurance is: suspension hook insurance and reel safety device.Concrete, the limiting device of each physical parameter in the time of can gathering the tower crane operation is installed on tower crane, such as: limiting devices such as lift heavy, dolly height, amplitude, corner, judge respectively then whether each physical parameter that collects exceeds preset range, thereby limit the operation of tower crane.This device major defect is that man-machine interaction is poor, each parameter when inconvenient tower crane operating personal obtains the tower crane operation.
The AC30 tower crane monitored control system of France SM IE company development improved the man-machine interaction level, but the major defect that this system exists is that integrated degree of changing into is low, items of equipment quantity is more, and installs complicated.Therefore cause cost higher.
Along with the building tower crane application is more and more, building is also more and more intensive, and heavy construction building site tower machine layout density is increasing, and the frequency of collision between the tower machine and tower machine and surrounding building collision also increases thereupon, all has accident to take place at any time.Have again, can monitor the in good time running state of tower crane for the ease of construction engineering company, supervision of construction department, safe management department, construction security staff etc., therefore, design a kind of based on wireless communication, data-handling capacity is strong, have many TT﹠C task, safe and reliable, easy to operate, have when tower crane flock-mate fork is interfered operation and can prevent that tower crane from colliding mutually, the tower crane monitored control system that has telemonitoring tower crane running state simultaneously is necessary.
The utility model content
At the above-mentioned defective that prior art exists, the utility model provides a kind of tower crane monitored control system.
The tower crane monitored control system that the utility model provides, comprise power supply and telltale, also comprise master controller, load cell, luffing sensor, air velocity transducer, rotary angle transmitter and height sensor, the power supply signal mouth of described power supply is connected with the power supply signal input end of described telltale and the power supply signal input end of described master controller respectively; The weight signal mouth of described load cell is connected with the weight signal input end of described master controller; The range signal mouth of described luffing sensor is connected with the range signal input end of described master controller; The wind velocity signal mouth of described air velocity transducer is connected with the wind velocity signal input end of described master controller; The angle signal mouth of described rotary angle transmitter is connected with the angle signal input end of described master controller; The altitude signal mouth of described height sensor is connected with the altitude signal input end of described master controller; The signal output part of described master controller is connected with the signal input part of described telltale.
Preferably, also comprise wireless radio frequency modules, the first status signal input end of described wireless radio frequency modules is connected with the first status signal mouth of described master controller.
Preferably, also comprise the long-distance radio communication module, the second status signal input end of described long-distance radio communication module is connected with the second status signal mouth of described master controller.
Preferably, the model of described load cell is XJ-T13.
Preferably, the model of described luffing sensor is DXZ.
Preferably, the model of described air velocity transducer is HR002.
Preferably, the model of described rotary angle transmitter is WBSZJ-I.
Preferably, the model of described height sensor is DXZ.
Preferably, the model of described master controller is WBST-A10.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are as follows:
Each physical parameter when the utlity model has the operation of strong, easy to operate, the convenient monitoring of data-handling capacity tower crane, thereby the advantage of accident occurrence frequency can effectively reduce the tower crane operation time.
Description of drawings
The structural representation of the tower crane monitored control system that Fig. 1 provides for the utility model embodiment one.
The structural representation of the tower crane monitored control system that Fig. 2 provides for the utility model embodiment two.
The structural representation of the tower crane monitored control system that Fig. 3 provides for the utility model embodiment three.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing the tower crane monitored control system that the utility model provides is described.
Embodiment one
As shown in Figure 1, the structural representation of the tower crane monitored control system that provides for the utility model embodiment one, comprise: power supply, telltale, master controller, load cell, luffing sensor, air velocity transducer, rotary angle transmitter, height sensor, the power supply signal mouth of described power supply are connected with the power supply signal input end of described telltale and the power supply signal input end of described master controller respectively; The weight signal mouth of described load cell is connected with the weight signal input end of described master controller; The range signal mouth of described luffing sensor is connected with the range signal input end of described master controller; The wind velocity signal mouth of described air velocity transducer is connected with the wind velocity signal input end of described master controller; The angle signal mouth of described rotary angle transmitter is connected with the angle signal input end of described master controller; The altitude signal mouth of described height sensor is connected with the altitude signal input end of described master controller; The signal output part of described master controller is connected with the signal input part of described telltale.
In actual use, each physical parameter when the tower crane monitored control system that present embodiment provides at first relies on the sensing function of each sensor (that is: load cell, luffing sensor, air velocity transducer, rotary angle transmitter, height sensor) that tower crane is moved (that is: lift heavy, carriage amplitude varying, wind speed, degreeof turn, highly) physical quantity corresponding converts corresponding electric signal to, by cable electric signal is transferred in the master controller then; Master controller at first becomes digital signal by data acquisition technology with the electrical signal collection that receives, rely on embedded technology then, operation tower crane monitor system software, to each digital signal handle accordingly, judge, operations such as calculating, storage, conversion, final when on telltale, showing the tower crane operation each physical parameter and the running state of tower crane.And this tower crane monitored control system also has acousto-optic early warning and sound and light of alarm.
Below the concrete function of each functional module is described in detail:
Master controller: be used to connect each sensor, and the electrical signal collection that each sensor is transported is converted to digital quantity signal, and handle accordingly, judge, calculating, storage, conversion etc., the running state that on telltale, shows tower crane operational factor and tower crane then, and, when satisfying early warning or alert if, can carry out acousto-optic early warning and sound and light alarm; Simultaneously can the operational factor of tower crane be transferred to remote monitoring platform by the long distance wireless transmission technology.
Master controller mainly comprises: Switching Power Supply, primary processor, capture card etc., wherein, Switching Power Supply: be used for converting source of AC to direct supply, thereby provide power supply for each sensor, capture card, primary processor etc.Primary processor: mainly carry out data handing, calculating, judgement, storage, transmission etc.Capture card: will become digital data by sample conversion from the simulate data that sensor transmissions is come.
The effect of sensor mainly is that the relevant important physical parameter of tower crane is carried out sensing, physical quantity is converted into corresponding electric signal, and by cable corresponding electric signal is passed to master controller.
Load cell: adopt the side-compression load cell, utilize the tension principle of measuring steel wire rope and flexible rope, come the weight of measuring steel wire rope and object that flexible rope hangs, promptly be mainly used in the weight of measuring object that tower crane hangs, range is decided with concrete tower crane, sensitivity 2.0 ± 0.01mV/V, operating temperature-20 ℃-+80 ℃, linearity 0.2%F.S.
Luffing sensor: adopt distance measuring sensor, be potentiometer type, adopt the rotating cycle of measuring the amplitude variation trolley winch, thereby measure the release length of the steel rope of amplitude variation trolley winch, the linear direct ratio of resistance of the release length of steel rope and potential device changes change in resistance into the voltage that 0-10V changes again, promptly be used for the measurement of amplitude variation trolley position, total resistance tolerance+10%, output smoothness<0.05%, operating temperature-25 ℃-+55 ℃.
Air velocity transducer: adopt air velocity transducer, the principle that adopts pulsed quantity to increase with the increase of ambient wind velocity, utilizing frequently then, pressure transmitter is converted into 0-10V voltage with pulse count, be used to measure the wind speed of tower crane top environment, range 50m/s, response time<2s, precision ± 0.5%, operating temperature-25 ℃-+55 ℃.
Rotary angle transmitter: adopt angular transducer, swiveling gear with tower crane drives a miniature gears, the no-load voltage ratio of swiveling gear and miniature gears is about 10: 1, different tower cranes has different no-load voltage ratios, and miniature gears drives coder, the proportional relation of the output of coder and the angle of rotation of swiveling gear, thereby can measure the tower crane degreeof turn, precision<0.4 degree, resolution 2500P/R, operating temperature-25 ℃-+55 ℃.
Height sensor: the important parameter when highly being the tower crane operation, be provided with height limiter at big 0.8 meter of arm of suspension hook distance, when the approaching qualification of suspension hook position, master controller will send early warning signal, surpass or reach when limiting the position, master controller sends alerting signal.
Telltale: the simulated diagram and the correlation parameter of tower crane operation and the running state of data and tower crane that are mainly used to show tower crane.
Warning and the warning function that tower crane is had is introduced below:
Following parameter when the tower crane monitored control system that present embodiment provides moves tower crane has reports to the police and warning function: lifting weight (lift heavy), hoisting moment, carriage amplitude varying, degreeof turn, wind speed.
Concrete, for lift heavy, the tower crane monitored control system is accurately measured tower crane lifting weight by load cell, judge whether to surpass specified lifting weight then, thereby whether decision sends warning, when tower crane lifting weight reaches 90% of specified lifting weight, promptly during G volume>G weight 〉=90%G volume, master controller sends early warning signal; When tower crane lifting weight reaches specified lifting weight, promptly during G weight 〉=G volume, master controller sends alerting signal.
Hoisting moment is the product that lifting weight and dolly become bat, because specified hoisting moment is certain, that then dolly vary in weight in the cooresponding specified lifting of diverse location, when dolly during in different positions, weight of object that is hung and corresponding carriage amplitude varying product obtain hoisting moment, compare with corresponding specified hoisting moment, thereby judge whether to surpass specified hoisting moment, if surpass 90% (M volume>M reality 〉=90%M volume) of specified hoisting moment, will send early warning signal; If surpass specified hoisting moment (M reality 〉=M volume), will send alerting signal.
Carriage amplitude varying is the important composition parameter of hoisting moment, and dolly distal-most end and most proximal end are respectively equipped with and limit the position, and when the approaching qualification of dolly position, master controller will send early warning signal, surpass when limiting the position, and master controller sends alerting signal.
The judgement of wind speed, when measuring wind near the wind speed setting limit value 90% the time, i.e. S volume>S reality 〉=90%S volume, master controller sends early warning signal, when reaching the wind speed setting limit value, i.e. S reality 〉=S volume, master controller sends alerting signal.
The tower crane monitored control system that present embodiment provides, adopt pioneering technologys such as embedded technology, data acquisition technology, sensing technology, data fusion and processing, be used for the security monitoring of tower crane, key parameter when monitoring the tower crane operation, not only can monitor the operation of separate unit tower crane, and when interfering operation, tower crane flock-mate fork can prevent that tower crane from colliding mutually, at the data handing of being correlated with after judging, when closing on unsafe condition, tower crane can send early warning and alerting signal, prompting tower crane operating personal is made corresponding rational operation, guarantees the safety of tower crane operation.
Embodiment two
The difference of present embodiment and embodiment one is, the tower crane monitored control system also comprises wireless radio frequency modules, as shown in Figure 2, the structural representation of the tower crane monitored control system that provides for the utility model embodiment, the signal input part of this wireless radio frequency modules is connected with the signal output part of master controller.
Present embodiment relies on radio frequency communication Zigbee radio sensing network technology, when tower crane group operation, master controller between tower crane and the tower crane carries out mutual communication, and all tower cranes in this zone have been formed a wireless network like this, communication mutually between them; When between two or many tower cranes cross-operation being arranged, because the existence of wireless communication networks, the tower crane monitored control system can prevent the mutual collision between the tower crane, and promptly the tower crane monitored control system has group tower operation anticollision function.
Wireless radio-frequency is adopted in radio frequency communication in the present embodiment (Zigbee), forms radio sensing network, is used for the data transmission between the tower crane.And be equipped with process software: be used for data acquisition, data handing, judge the processing etc. of transmission of demonstration, tower crane running state parameter and the data of safety of tower crane state, tower crane running state according to the tower crane operational factor.
Embodiment three
The difference of present embodiment and embodiment one and embodiment two is, also comprises the long-distance radio communication module, and the signal input part of this long-distance radio communication module is connected with the signal output part of master controller.Wherein, as shown in Figure 3, on the basis of embodiment two, adding the structural representation of wireless communication module.
Technology such as present embodiment utilization long distance wireless transmission (GPRS), GIS, SMS realize the tower crane remote monitor and control, and combining geographic information system and short breath function, parameter when remote terminal can accurately in time reflect the tower crane operation, tower crane running state, tower crane geographic position of living in, tower crane attribute etc., and can be with note form notice associated safety personnel when reporting to the police, so that in time handle, guarantee safer, the operation more stably of tower crane.
Master controller in the utility model is passed to remote monitoring platform by the long distance wireless transmission technology with the operational factor of tower crane, remote monitoring platform can reach the running state of remote monitor and control tower crane, dependence GIS technology, remote monitoring platform can be carried out the geography information sign to all tower cranes of region, the tower crane operational factor shows that storage, tower crane alarm display, tower crane warning weak point cease and inform.
Long-distance radio communication module of the present utility model adopts the remote-wireless communication technology (GPRS), is used for the remote data transmission of tower crane operational factor.And be equipped with remote monitoring software, and adopt advanced data fusion technology, geographic information system, short breath service technology, be mainly used in the running state of distant surveillance tower crane, and store corresponding data.
Embodiment four
The tower crane monitored control system that present embodiment and embodiment three provide, load cell are that model is the load cell of XJ-T13.
Embodiment five
In the tower crane monitored control system that present embodiment and embodiment one, two or four provide, the luffing sensor is that model is the luffing sensor of DXZ.
Embodiment six
In the tower crane monitored control system that present embodiment and embodiment five provide, air velocity transducer is that model is the air velocity transducer of HR002.
Embodiment seven
In the tower crane monitored control system that present embodiment and embodiment one, two, four or six provide, rotary angle transmitter is that model is the rotary angle transmitter of WBSZJ-I.
Embodiment eight
In the tower crane monitored control system that present embodiment and embodiment one provide, the model of height sensor is DXZ.
Embodiment nine
In the tower crane monitored control system that present embodiment and embodiment seven provide, master controller is that model is the master controller of WBST-A10.

Claims (9)

1. tower crane monitored control system, comprise power supply and telltale, it is characterized in that: also comprise master controller, load cell, luffing sensor, air velocity transducer, rotary angle transmitter and height sensor, the power supply signal mouth of described power supply is connected with the power supply signal input end of described telltale and the power supply signal input end of described master controller respectively; The weight signal mouth of described load cell is connected with the weight signal input end of described master controller; The range signal mouth of described luffing sensor is connected with the range signal input end of described master controller; The wind velocity signal mouth of described air velocity transducer is connected with the wind velocity signal input end of described master controller; The angle signal mouth of described rotary angle transmitter is connected with the angle signal input end of described master controller; The altitude signal mouth of described height sensor is connected with the altitude signal input end of described master controller; The signal output part of described master controller is connected with the signal input part of described telltale.
2. tower crane monitored control system according to claim 1 is characterized in that: also comprise wireless radio frequency modules, the first status signal input end of described wireless radio frequency modules is connected with the first status signal mouth of described master controller.
3. tower crane monitored control system according to claim 1 and 2 is characterized in that: also comprise the long-distance radio communication module, the second status signal input end of described long-distance radio communication module is connected with the second status signal mouth of described master controller.
4. tower crane monitored control system according to claim 3 is characterized in that: the model of described load cell is XJ-T13.
5. according to claim 1,2 or 4 described tower crane monitored control systems, it is characterized in that: the model of described luffing sensor is DXZ.
6. tower crane monitored control system according to claim 5 is characterized in that: the model of described air velocity transducer is HR002.
7. according to claim 1,2,4 or 6 described tower crane monitored control systems, it is characterized in that: the model of described rotary angle transmitter is WBSZJ-I.
8. tower crane monitored control system according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the model of described height sensor is DXZ.
9. tower crane monitored control system according to claim 7 is characterized in that: the model of described master controller is WBST-A10.
CN2010205472862U 2010-09-29 2010-09-29 Tower crane monitoring system CN201809087U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010205472862U CN201809087U (en) 2010-09-29 2010-09-29 Tower crane monitoring system

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010205472862U CN201809087U (en) 2010-09-29 2010-09-29 Tower crane monitoring system

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN201809087U true CN201809087U (en) 2011-04-27

Family

ID=43892027

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2010205472862U CN201809087U (en) 2010-09-29 2010-09-29 Tower crane monitoring system

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN201809087U (en)

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102602839A (en) * 2012-03-02 2012-07-25 中联重科股份有限公司 Control system, winding system and crane
CN102865855A (en) * 2012-09-27 2013-01-09 无锡华科机械设备有限公司 Intelligent test monitoring console for inclination angle of safety lock locking ropes
CN103241666A (en) * 2012-02-14 2013-08-14 上海振华重工(集团)股份有限公司 Intelligent monitoring system for operation of barge crane
CN103274299A (en) * 2013-06-21 2013-09-04 中联重科股份有限公司 Tower crane, swing control system and swing control method thereof
CN103482480A (en) * 2013-08-23 2014-01-01 安徽宏源铁塔有限公司 Intelligent portal crane safety monitoring system for electric power iron tower
CN104122893A (en) * 2014-07-14 2014-10-29 上海海事大学 Intelligent successive transport device control system and control method

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103241666A (en) * 2012-02-14 2013-08-14 上海振华重工(集团)股份有限公司 Intelligent monitoring system for operation of barge crane
CN103241666B (en) * 2012-02-14 2015-12-16 上海振华重工(集团)股份有限公司 Floating crane runs intelligent monitor system
CN102602839A (en) * 2012-03-02 2012-07-25 中联重科股份有限公司 Control system, winding system and crane
CN102602839B (en) * 2012-03-02 2015-01-21 中联重科股份有限公司 Control system, winding system and crane
CN102865855A (en) * 2012-09-27 2013-01-09 无锡华科机械设备有限公司 Intelligent test monitoring console for inclination angle of safety lock locking ropes
CN103274299A (en) * 2013-06-21 2013-09-04 中联重科股份有限公司 Tower crane, swing control system and swing control method thereof
CN103274299B (en) * 2013-06-21 2015-10-28 中联重科股份有限公司 Tower crane and rotary control system thereof and revolving-control method
CN103482480A (en) * 2013-08-23 2014-01-01 安徽宏源铁塔有限公司 Intelligent portal crane safety monitoring system for electric power iron tower
CN104122893A (en) * 2014-07-14 2014-10-29 上海海事大学 Intelligent successive transport device control system and control method
CN104122893B (en) * 2014-07-14 2017-07-18 上海海事大学 It is a kind of to be used for control system and control method that intelligence connects shipping unit

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN203229283U (en) Elevator fault wireless pre-warning system
CN101077756B (en) Erecting equipment remote actual time safety monitoring system and its control method
CN201882830U (en) Anti-overturning moment limiter system and traveling crane
CN101325511B (en) Sensing network system for monitoring vehicle-mounted hazardous article and monitoring method
CN104058343B (en) A kind of tower crane safety monitoring system and method for supervising
CN205916916U (en) Distributing type hoist safety monitoring early warning device
CN102464270B (en) Overturning-preventing torque limiter and movable crane
CN201737546U (en) Safety protection and running state monitoring device for construction hoist
CN201686411U (en) Crane lifting monitoring system
CN201852598U (en) Transmission line icing monitoring system
CN104634318B (en) Online monitoring and early-warning method for obliqueness of power transmission line tower
CN204330025U (en) Overground cable security of operation online monitoring system
CN201665482U (en) Tower crane overturning-prevention safety monitoring device
CN203319425U (en) Safety monitoring device for construction hoist
CN202808226U (en) Intelligent safety monitoring system of tower crane
CN102512773A (en) Remote monitoring device for wearing state of safety rope
CN201321356Y (en) Tower cranes group collision prevention and region and boundary protection system
CN102627231B (en) Amplitude limiting device and method
CN203212232U (en) Gantry data acquisition device and remote monitoring system for large crane for shipbuilding
CN202625675U (en) Safety monitoring system of tower crane based on tilt monitoring of tower body
CN203127934U (en) Intelligent control device for building hoist
CN203295034U (en) Lifting hook, winding plant, crane and crane deviation early-warning device
CN103010885A (en) Long-range positioning and monitoring system for engineering elevator
CN102153024A (en) System for monitoring safety of tower crane
CN101934990A (en) Load moment limiter-based crawling crane anti-overturn device and method

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20110427

Termination date: 20110929

C17 Cessation of patent right