CN201774275U - Feedback power system of energy-saving emergency lift - Google Patents

Feedback power system of energy-saving emergency lift Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201774275U
CN201774275U CN2010205200158U CN201020520015U CN201774275U CN 201774275 U CN201774275 U CN 201774275U CN 2010205200158 U CN2010205200158 U CN 2010205200158U CN 201020520015 U CN201020520015 U CN 201020520015U CN 201774275 U CN201774275 U CN 201774275U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
power
elevator
emergency
energy
processor
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN2010205200158U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李多山
翁志远
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Hefei Lianxin Power Supply Co Ltd
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Hefei Lianxin Power Supply Co Ltd
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Priority to CN2010205200158U priority Critical patent/CN201774275U/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B70/00Technologies for an efficient end-user side electric power management and consumption
    • Y02B70/30Systems integrating technologies related to power network operation and communication or information technologies for improving the carbon footprint of the management of residential or tertiary loads, i.e. smart grids as climate change mitigation technology in the buildings sector, including also the last stages of power distribution and the control, monitoring or operating management systems at local level
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y04INFORMATION OR COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES HAVING AN IMPACT ON OTHER TECHNOLOGY AREAS
    • Y04SSYSTEMS INTEGRATING TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO POWER NETWORK OPERATION, COMMUNICATION OR INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES FOR IMPROVING THE ELECTRICAL POWER GENERATION, TRANSMISSION, DISTRIBUTION, MANAGEMENT OR USAGE, i.e. SMART GRIDS
    • Y04S20/00Management or operation of end-user stationary applications or the last stages of power distribution; Controlling, monitoring or operating thereof
    • Y04S20/20End-user application control systems

Abstract

The utility model discloses a feedback power system of energy-saving emergency lift, comprising a lift driving system and a feedback control system, wherein a processor, a synchronous signal unit, a logic protection circuit, a power inverter circuit discharging unit, a charger and an emergency battery set are disposed in the feedback control system; the synchronous signal unit is connected to commercial power; the sine wave direction of the commercial power is detected by a lock phase; the processor generates a SVPWM wave signal and controls the cutoff of power elements in the power inverter circuit according to the lock phase, and generates an AC with a phase the same as the phase of the commercial power; the charger is connected between a DC bus and the emergency battery set for charging the battery set when the commercial power is normal; the emergency battery set controls the power inverter circuit via the processor to supply power for the system when the commercial power is powered off; the discharging unit is used for consuming the electricity energy generated during the running of the lift under an emergency state that the commercial power is powered off.

Description

Energy-conservation emergency type elevator feedback power system
Technical field
The utility model belongs to the Electrical Control Technology field
Background technology
Along with continuous expansion of modern production scale and people's living standard improve constantly, the electric energy imbalance between supply and demand becomes increasingly conspicuous, and the economize on electricity cry grows to even greater heights.Relevant statistics shows that the electric energy that motor drags load consumption accounts for more than 70% of total power consumption.Therefore, the motor driving system saves energy has the social effect and the economic benefit of particular importance.
At present, skyscraper has become the room, town and country and has built main flow, and the use of elevator is more and more general.In the electricity consumption condition survey statistics to hotel, office building etc., the elevator power consumption accounts for more than the 17%-25% of total electricity consumption.Elevator energy-saving more and more is subjected to national correlation department and owners' attention.
Have maximum mechanical kinetic energy after the elevator startup operation of employing frequency control reaches highest running speed, elevator will progressively slow down till the elevator stop motion before reaching destination layer, and this process is the process that elevator traction machine discharges mechanical function.In addition, elevator still is a potential energy load, in order evenly to drag load, elevator is made up of passenger car and counterbalancing piece the load that traction machine drags, have only when the car loading capacity is about 50% (1 ton of passenger elevator passenger is about 7 people), the just mutual balance of car and counterbalancing piece, otherwise, car and counterbalancing piece just have of poor quality, produce mechanical potential energy when making the elevator operation.
Elevator unnecessary mechanical energy in service becomes direct current energy to be stored in the electric capacity in the frequency converter DC loop by motor with inverter converts, this moment, electric capacity was like being a little reservoir, the electric energy that is transmitted back in the electric capacity is many more, capacitance voltage is just high more, electric energy as untimely releasing capacitor storage, will produce the overvoltage fault, frequency converter is quit work, elevator can't normally move.
Existing elevator is used for the power consumption that elevator is produced in running is fallen at dynamic braking resistance box of the top of elevator control cabinet assembling, provides enough braking moments for elevator in running simultaneously.Just because of this, a large amount of electric energy quilt heatings in vain by elevator sent consume on this energy consumption resistance case, not only caused the waste of energy, and the heating of resistance also can cause the temperature in the elevator(lift) machine room to rise, when several elevator controlling organizations are housed in the machine room, because temperature is too high, have to install additional the regular event that air-conditioning could guarantee electric machinery control device usually, this is again a no small electricity charge spending.
The utility model content
The utility model is for avoiding above-mentioned existing in prior technology weak point, provides a kind of energy-conservation emergency type elevator feedback power system, in the hope of the electric energy loopback that stores in the electric capacity being used saves energy to AC network for other power consumption equipment of periphery.
The utility model adopts following technical scheme for the technical solution problem:
The characteristics of the energy-conservation emergency type elevator of the utility model feedback power system are made up of elevator drive system and feedback control system;
Described elevator drive system comprises elevator variable frequency device and elevator drive motor, and described elevator variable frequency device is by the conversion and control elevator drive motor of AC-DC-AC voltage, and the dc bus of described elevator variable frequency device is connected with system busbar;
Being provided with processor, synchronization signal unit, virtual protection circuit, power inversion circuit discharge cell, charger and emergency cell group in the described feedback control system forms; Wherein:
Described synchronization signal unit is connected with civil power, by the sinusoidal wave direction of phase-locked detection civil power;
Described processor produces the alternating current identical with the civil power phase place according to phase-locked generation SVPWM ripple signal, the shutoff of power device in virtual protection circuit power controlling inverter circuit;
Described charger is connected between dc bus and the emergency cell group, just often gives batteries charging at civil power;
Described emergency cell group is powered to system by processor power controlling inverter circuit when mains failure;
Described discharge cell is used for consuming the electric energy that produces in the middle of the elevator operation under the emergency rating of mains failure.
The characteristics of the energy-conservation emergency type elevator of the utility model feedback power system also are: the current/voltage detecting unit is set in described feedback control system; described current/voltage detecting unit is gathered the electric current and the voltage signal of dc bus, by the virtual protection circuit system is carried out over-current over-voltage protection.
Feedback control system in the utility model is an emergent feedback control system, and the utilization of power that elevator is produced in normal operation is not only in its effect, and can guarantee the normal operation of elevator, the generation of minimizing accident under power down mode.When elevator normally moved, if elevator rising load is light or fast braking, elevator was because system's counterweight makes the drive motors of elevator work in generating state, and this moment, the transmission of energy was reverse, gave frequency converter by motor with the mechanical energy anti-pass.This part energy will be accumulated on the filter capacitor, produce the pump up voltage, and the filter capacitor both end voltage is that DC bus-bar voltage is elevated to above behind the grid line voltage peak rectifier bridge reverse blocking.When DC bus-bar voltage continuation rising, when surpassing the operating voltage that starts active-inverter, processor is by the phase place generation SVPWM ripple control inverter circuit work of detection civil power three-phase alternating current, with the energy inversion feedback grid on the dc bus.When detecting civil power and stop, the switching by control switch inserts dc bus with the emergency cell group makes system works at emergency rating.Is that alternating current is supplied with the elevator use by processor power controlling inverter circuit with dc inverter.
Compared with the prior art, the utility model beneficial effect is embodied in:
1, the utility model feeds back to other power consumption equipment of supply in the electrical network with the electric energy of elevator generation in the middle of operation, can be to the charging of emergency cell group, and battery is an elevator supply when civil power stops, and keeps elevator and is badly in need of operation, avoids the generation of accident.
2, the utility model power savings is fairly obvious, and general power saving rate can reach 21%~46%.Because the non-resistance heater element, computer room temperature descends, and can save the power consumption of air conditioner in machine room, in many occasions, saves air-conditioning power consumption and often brings bigger power savings.
3, the utility model can be realized control quick, real-time, high reliability by adopt DSP microcontroller chip in processor.
4, the utility model can reduce the loss of higher harmonic current by the SVPWM pulse width modulation controlled sine wave output that adopts bi-directional voltage to follow the tracks of.
5, the utility model can be realized emergent fast the switching when having a power failure, and guarantees that elevator normally moves.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the utility model system block diagram.
Embodiment
Referring to Fig. 1, present embodiment is made up of elevator drive system and feedback control system;
Elevator drive system comprises elevator variable frequency device and elevator drive motor, and described elevator variable frequency device is by the conversion and control elevator drive motor of AC-DC-AC voltage, and the dc bus of described elevator variable frequency device is connected with system busbar;
Being provided with processor, synchronization signal unit, virtual protection circuit, power inversion circuit discharge cell, charger and emergency cell group in the feedback control system forms; Wherein:
Synchronization signal unit is connected with civil power, by the sinusoidal wave direction of phase-locked detection civil power;
Processor produces the alternating current identical with the civil power phase place according to phase-locked generation SVPWM ripple signal, the shutoff of power device in virtual protection circuit power controlling inverter circuit;
Charger is connected between dc bus and the emergency cell group, just often gives batteries charging at civil power;
The emergency cell group is powered to system by processor power controlling inverter circuit when mains failure;
Discharge cell is used for consuming the electric energy that produces in the middle of the elevator operation under the emergency rating of mains failure.
In the present embodiment, the current/voltage detecting unit is set also in feedback control system, the current/voltage detecting unit is gathered the electric current and the voltage signal of dc bus, by the virtual protection circuit system is carried out over-current over-voltage protection.
When line voltage just often, the electric energy that feedback control system produces elevator feeds back in the electrical network and to the emergency cell group and charges.When civil power stopped, to elevator supply, the power consumption that produces was fallen in discharge cell work this moment by the emergency cell group, the protection inversion unit.
In the present embodiment, feedback control system adopts the DSP central processing unit, realizes control quick, real-time, high reliability; Adopt the SVPWM pulse-width modulation, and the bi-directional voltage tracking, to reduce the loss of higher harmonic current.Power inversion circuit in the system adopts power device IPM.IPM inner integrated at a high speed, the gate-drive of the IGBT of low consumption and optimization and overcurrent, short circuit, under-voltage and overheating protection circuit, effectively improved the performance and the functional reliability of inverter circuit, reduced system cost, shortened product development cycle.

Claims (2)

1. an energy-conservation emergency type elevator feedback power system is characterized in that being made up of elevator drive system and feedback control system;
Described elevator drive system comprises elevator variable frequency device and elevator drive motor, and described elevator variable frequency device is by the conversion and control elevator drive motor of AC-DC-AC voltage, and the dc bus of described elevator variable frequency device is connected with system busbar;
Being provided with processor, synchronization signal unit, virtual protection circuit, power inversion circuit discharge cell, charger and emergency cell group in the described feedback control system forms; Wherein:
Described synchronization signal unit is connected with civil power, by the sinusoidal wave direction of phase-locked detection civil power;
Described processor produces the alternating current identical with the civil power phase place according to phase-locked generation SVPWM ripple signal, the shutoff of power device in virtual protection circuit power controlling inverter circuit;
Described charger is connected between dc bus and the emergency cell group, just often gives batteries charging at civil power;
Described emergency cell group is powered to system by processor power controlling inverter circuit when mains failure;
Described discharge cell is used for consuming the electric energy that produces in the middle of the elevator operation under the emergency rating of mains failure.
2. energy-conservation emergency type elevator feedback power according to claim 1 system; it is characterized in that in described feedback control system, being provided with the current/voltage detecting unit; described current/voltage detecting unit is gathered the electric current and the voltage signal of dc bus, by the virtual protection circuit system is carried out over-current over-voltage protection.
CN2010205200158U 2010-09-03 2010-09-03 Feedback power system of energy-saving emergency lift Expired - Fee Related CN201774275U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010205200158U CN201774275U (en) 2010-09-03 2010-09-03 Feedback power system of energy-saving emergency lift

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010205200158U CN201774275U (en) 2010-09-03 2010-09-03 Feedback power system of energy-saving emergency lift

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN201774275U true CN201774275U (en) 2011-03-23

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101950978A (en) * 2010-09-03 2011-01-19 合肥联信电源有限公司 Energy-saving emergency type elevator feedback power system
CN107439055A (en) * 2015-04-07 2017-12-05 飞利浦照明控股有限公司 The load being powered via main power source or rechargeable power supply

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101950978A (en) * 2010-09-03 2011-01-19 合肥联信电源有限公司 Energy-saving emergency type elevator feedback power system
CN107439055A (en) * 2015-04-07 2017-12-05 飞利浦照明控股有限公司 The load being powered via main power source or rechargeable power supply
CN107439055B (en) * 2015-04-07 2019-08-02 飞利浦照明控股有限公司 The load being powered via main power source or rechargeable power supply

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EXPY Termination of patent right or utility model
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Granted publication date: 20110323

Termination date: 20140903