CN201765050U - Large-sized weighter calibration system and self-positioning loading-unloading load measuring device of same - Google Patents

Large-sized weighter calibration system and self-positioning loading-unloading load measuring device of same Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201765050U
CN201765050U CN2010202578263U CN201020257826U CN201765050U CN 201765050 U CN201765050 U CN 201765050U CN 2010202578263 U CN2010202578263 U CN 2010202578263U CN 201020257826 U CN201020257826 U CN 201020257826U CN 201765050 U CN201765050 U CN 201765050U
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China
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self
weighing
unloading
loading
standard
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CN2010202578263U
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Chinese (zh)
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林建辉
宋健康
姚进辉
池辉
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福建省计量科学技术研究所
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Priority to CN2010202578263U priority Critical patent/CN201765050U/en
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Abstract

The utility model provides a large-sized weighter calibration system and a self-positioning loading-unloading load measuring device of the same. The calibration system consists of at least four tension frames and at least four self-positioning loading-unloading load measuring devices, wherein the four tension frames penetrate through a weighting platform hole preset on the surface of a weighting platform of a weighter, connected with a weighting platform foundation and is perpendicular to the surface of the weighting platform, and the four self-positioning loading-unloading load measuring devices correspond to the tension frames. Each self-positioning loading-unloading load measuring device comprises a self-positioning loading-unloading mechanism, a high-precision load measuring instrument and a constant load control device, wherein the high-precision load measuring instrument is disposed tightly close to the upper end of the loading-unloading mechanism, accuracy of the high-precision load measuring instrument is three times of that of the weighter, and the constant load control device is connected with the loading-unloading mechanism and used for keeping added loads constant when load is applied to the loading-unloading mechanism. The calibration system is reasonable in structure, and can greatly increase work efficiency and safety and save cost when used for calibration.

Description

The system and the self-location loading-unloading measuring device thereof of calibrating large-scale weighing machine
[technical field]
The utility model relates to a kind of calibrating of electronic scale, and particularly a kind of system of examining and determine large-scale fixed electronic scale belongs to the measurement verification technical field.
[background technology]
Fixed electronic scale is the most ripe Weighing utensil of present technology in the world, belong to the measurement instrument that has a large capacity and a wide range, be widely used in the metering of various load-carrying vehicles of metallurgy, chemical industry, railway, harbour and industrial and mining enterprises and goods, and be used for the weigh technology controlling and process of flow process of trade settlement, production run, be the desirable metering outfit that the Weighing modernization level improves in enterprise.The principle of work of fixed electronic scale is that weigh thing or truck of quilt placed on the weighing platform, under action of gravity, weighing platform with weight transfer to waving supporting (steel ball, pressure head etc.), make Weighing sensor elastomer produce deformation, be attached at the foil gauge bridge circuit out of trim on the elastic body, output and the directly proportional electric signal of gravimetric value are amplified signal through linear amplifier, be converted to digital signal through A/D again, by the microprocessor of instrument signal handled the back then and directly show the weight number.
Fixed electronic scale must be examined and determine before actual coming into operation, and determines its class of accuracy, in addition, large-scale weighing machine is in use for some time or after changing device, also to examine and determine once more, confirm its class of accuracy, make it to satisfy accuracy requirement so that be adjusted accordingly.The standard that the fixed electronic scale of existing calibrating is used mainly contains three kinds, standard No. is to have spelt out in the national standard (this standard adopts international recommendation OIML R76 " non-automatic weighing apparatus " (2006E)) of the fixed electronic scale of GB7723-2008 to allow following three kinds of calibrating standards of adopting: the one, and counterweight specifically is meant standard test weight or standard quality; The 2nd, auxiliary calibrating installation is meant that specifically weighing apparatus is equipped with auxiliary calibrating installation or independently auxiliary calibrating installation; The 3rd, calibrating substitutes with standard test weight, specifically is meant part of standards counterweight and other any fixed load alternate standard counterweights.
Yet the standard that regulation calibrating weighing apparatus is used in JJG539-1997 " digital self-indicating scale " vertification regulation is: 1. are standard test weights, 2. are standard test weight and " substitute of standard test weight ".Be standard test weight or standard test weight and substitute thereof so examine and determine the employed standard of fixed electronic scale at present, do not adopt auxiliary calibrating installation not examine and determine fixed weighing apparatus as standard in China.In R76 " non-automatic weighing apparatus " international recommendation and the fixed electronic scale national standard of GB7723-2008, auxiliary calibrating installation is only made following provisions: if weighing apparatus is equipped with auxiliary calibrating installation, or during with the calibrating of independent servicing unit, then the limits of error of this device should be 1/3 of the load limits of error of examining." auxiliary calibrating installation " is a kind of which type of thing, all do not say in international recommendation and GB7723-2008 standard, only stipulated " auxiliary calibrating installation " limits of error.Up to the present, the whole nation or seldom see about the documents and materials that adopt " independently auxiliary calibrating installation " to apply to the fixed electronic scale of on-site proving large-tonnage in the world.
The China Patent No. in open day on February 17th, 1988 is CN86105843, its patent name is the calibrating installation that the patent of invention of " calibrating installation of truck scale and track scale " has disclosed a kind of non-counterweight type, but the accurate manometric accuracy that this device adopted may not satisfied the accuracy requirement of such weighing instrument verification.The China Patent No. in January 22 2003 day for announcing is CN02230837.7, its patent name also discloses a kind of weighing instrument verification instrument of non-counterweight type for the novel patent of " large-scale weighing machine calibrating instrument ", concrete technical scheme is by calibrating sensor (4), Displaying Meter (7), device for exerting, pressurizing frame (3) is formed, pressurizing frame becomes integral body with the base that needs calibrating weighing apparatus, device for exerting is fixed on the pressurizing frame, the accuracy of measuring of calibrating sensor and Displaying Meter is greater than the weighing apparatus accuracy of measuring of being examined and determine, the calibrating sensor places on the scale body (9) that needs calibrating weighing apparatus, is connected by spheroid between calibrating sensor and the device for exerting, the output of examining and determine sensor is connected with Displaying Meter.The pressure of device for exerting is applied on the sensor, show by Displaying Meter, this pressure is applied on the scale body that needs calibrating weighing apparatus simultaneously, show by the weighing apparatus instrument, compare their displayed value, can determine to be examined and determine the error in dipping of weighing apparatus, but this calibrating installation can only examine and determine one by one the use sensor in the weighing apparatus, this calibrating installation is actually superposing type force standard machine.But device for exerting, pressurizing frame are manual loading in this device, can't satisfy in " JJG734-2001 force standard machines vertification regulation " and " the JJG144-2007 standard dynamometer vertification regulation " requirement to load fluctuation (power source degree of stability), force value stabilization retention time.The calibrating range only is to use each sensor load value in the weighing apparatus, not that the full scale of weighing apparatus is examined and determine, because the accuracy of measurement of weighing apparatus is not only relevant with the accuracy of each sensor, but also relevant with rigidity, the basis of weighing platform, the accuracy of instrument, the terminal box of weighing platform.That is to say that the sensor that uses in the weighing apparatus is qualified, the metering performance of weighing apparatus is not necessarily qualified.So be not that the weighing apparatus metering performance is examined and determine comprehensively, also need to consider in addition the accuracy, terminal box of basis, the instrument of amount of deflection, the weighing platform of weighing platform table top influence in the verification process to the weighing apparatus accuracy, because can only examine and determine at the sensor place, so verification process can not be simulated the actual state of weighing, so the simulation comparison that this calibrating installation only is similar to the sensor that uses in the weighing apparatus the calibrating of weighing apparatus, most critical be directly to implement calibrating to weighing apparatus.
At present, the whole nation is as follows to fixed electronic scale calibration method: to examine and determine 100 tons of fixed electronic vehicle weighing apparatus is the example explanation, according to fixed electronic scale national standard of GB7723-2008 or JJG539-1997 " digital self-indicating scale " vertification regulation requirement, adopt standard test weight and " substitute of standard test weight " to examine and determine.Wherein, as shown in Figure 1, need to prove that specification is 100 tons a fixed electronic vehicle weighing apparatus 2 ', totally 18 meters long at three joints, e=50kg, m=2000, comprise scale Displaying Meter 21 ', comprise three weighing platform table tops, be numbered 211 ', 212 ', 213 ' respectively, adopt eight sensors, be numbered 231 '-238 ' respectively, above each sensor, comprise eight sensor supporting-points, be numbered 241 '-248 ' respectively, divide the unbalance loading test zone of a correspondence around each sensor supporting-point, shown in frame of broken lines among Fig. 1, be numbered 251 '-258 ' respectively, during calibrating, the substitute 3 ' of standard test weight or standard test weight is placed on each above-mentioned unbalance loading test zone carries out the unbalance loading test one by one, concrete metering performance verification process is as follows:
1, precompressed: should add a load in advance to 100t, or be no less than 3 times by carrier with the load-carrying vehicle that is no less than 50t is round;
2, zero setting and the accuracy that removes instrument;
3, load preceding zero setting;
4, weighing performance:
4.1 be validation criteria counterweight amount and scale is carried out reperformance test when adopting the calibrating of standard test weight and substitute: the repeatability of at first checking the 50t weighing point, on carrier, apply the 50t standard test weight 3 times, if reproducibility error is not more than 0.3e, standard test weight 3 ' can be reduced to 35% maximum weighing; If reproducibility error is not more than 0.2e, standard test weight 3 ' can be reduced to 20% maximum weighing;
4.2 weighing test: add counterweight or substitute 3 ' to 100t from zero point by ascending order, unload counterweight to zero point with same procedure, test should be selected 1t, 25t, 50t, 75t, five calibratings of 100t point at least;
4.3 allowance for bark weighing test: tackle 2 different tare weight amounts at least and allowance for bark the weighing test, carry out according to 4.2, test point is: 1t, 50t, the weighing that the limits of error change, possible five calibratings of maximum net weight value, 80t point;
4.4 unbalance loading test: add in turn with the standard test weight 3 ' of 14t and to be placed on 8 unbalance loading test zones 251 '-258 ' and to test, test 251 '-258 ' the error of indication at 8 unbalance loading test zones and all be not more than 50kg until satisfying;
4.5 resolving ability test:, carry out simultaneously in the verification process in 1t, 50t, the test of 100t weighing point;
4.6 reperformance test: carry out two groups of tests at the 50t weighing with near maximum weighing (90t) respectively, every group is repeated 3 times at least.
In above-mentioned verification process, need the tonnage amount of carrying counterweight or substitute: 1, need carrying 100t in the above-mentioned precompressed process; It when 2, adopting standard test weight and substitute calibrating in above-mentioned 4.1 validation criteria counterweight amount and scale is carried out reperformance test need carry 150t; 3, the weighing test needs carrying 100t in above-mentioned 4.2; 4, allowance for bark the weighing test in above-mentioned 4.3 and need carrying 160t; 5, the unbalance loading test needs carrying 112t in above-mentioned 4.4; 6. reperformance test need be carried 270t in above-mentioned 4.6.
So there is following shortcoming in the calibration method that adopts standard test weight or standard test weight and substitute to examine and determine fixed electronic scale:
1, calibration operation amount is huge, efficient is extremely low.Examine and determine that a fixed electronic vehicle weighing apparatus of qualified 100t need be moved counterweight altogether and substitute reaches 932t, if defectively just should adjust, must examine and determine again after the adjustment, calibrating must be carried counterweight once more again, and it carries counterweight or substitute reaches more than the kiloton;
2, the security extreme difference of a large amount of counterweights of carrying or substitute.Because the loading floor area limited (as 100 tons, footprint also has only 54 squares) of electronic vehicle weighing apparatus, counterweight or the substitute that stack 100 tons on limited area are very difficult, are danger closes when loading and unloading counterweight or substitute;
3, substitute is difficult to seek.The user who is not every large-scale electronic vehicle weighing apparatus can both provide suitable substitute, as is installed in users such as the other standard scale of highway just is difficult to find suitable substitute, railway, harbour, venom is arranged, gas chemical enterprise, textile mills, colliery and also is difficult to the substitute that provides suitable;
4, standard test weight is difficult to transportation.Examine and determine 100 tons of truck scales, will transport 50 tons of standard test weights at least; Examine and determine 150 tons of truck scales, will transport 75 tons of standard test weights at least.Also can only about 15 tons and transport counterweight at present at home, particularly there are unsafe bridge limit for tonnage, road limit for tonnage, landform limit for tonnage in the area, mountain area, is installed in the gully (as mine) or the like and will limits the counterweight freight volume No. one time;
5, cost is high.Transportation and carry so many standard test weight or substitute needs multi-section weigh bridge test car and crane, and calibrating needs several days time, and (examine 100 tons of truck scales generally need 7 working days) and multi agent cooperation just can be finished calibration operation.
In sum, because at present most of at county level, city-level, calibrating does not have enough standard test weights to large-scale weighing machine (as 150 tons of electronic vehicle weighing apparatus) in provincial measurement verification unit; Even enough standard test weights have been arranged, security, the transportation cost of its counterweight loading and unloading, transportation counterweight also are to guarantee in existing technical conditions; Secondly, just be that counterweight is transported to the scene, if by stipulating to examine and determine in JJG539-1997 " digital self-indicating scale " vertification regulation, its calibration operation amount is huge, examines and determine consuming time longly, thereby can't guarantee to be undertaken by vertification regulation.This shows, when examining and determine large-scale fixed electronic scale, standard adopt the calibration method of standard test weight or standard test weight and substitute be need improved.
[utility model content]
One of the technical problems to be solved in the utility model is to provide a kind of system of examining and determine large-scale weighing machine, two of the technical matters that solves is to be provided for examining and determine the self-location loading-unloading measuring device of large-scale weighing machine, can increase work efficiency greatly and security by adopting this system and this self-location loading-unloading measuring device to implement calibrating, save cost, it is huge to solve the calibration operation amount that exists when available technology adopting standard test weight or standard test weight and substitute or other non-counterweight type weighing instrument verification device are examined and determine fixed electronic scale, and calibrating takes time and effort, verification process is loaded down with trivial details, accuracy waits variety of issue inadequately.
The utility model is by solving the problems of the technologies described above by the following technical solutions:
The technical scheme that one of technical matters that the utility model solves is adopted is as described below:
A kind of system of examining and determine large-scale weighing machine wherein, comprising: the pulling force framework that at least four weighing platform holes of passing on the weighing platform table top that is preset in described weighing apparatus are connected with the weighing platform ground and are provided with perpendicular to described weighing platform table top; At least four described pulling force frameworks of correspondence are provided for the self-location loading-unloading measuring device that the substitute of alternate standard counterweight or standard test weight adds unloading and carries out load measurement the weighing platform table top, and described self-location loading-unloading measuring device is around being provided with around the described pulling force framework; And one be connected with described loading and unloading body and keep when being used to make described loading and unloading body to load add the constant constant load control device of load.
Further, described self-location loading-unloading measuring device comprise one can be self-align loading and unloading body and the high precision Load Meter that is provided with of the upper end of the described loading and unloading body of a next-door neighbour, the accuracy of described high precision Load Meter is at least 3 times of accuracy of described weighing apparatus.
Further, described high precision Load Meter comprise at least three standard transducers of evenly laying around the central axis of described pulling force framework, be located at described standard transducer the top locating part and be connected with each described standard transducer and be used to show that the standard transducer of the power value load of described standard transducer measures Displaying Meter.
Further, described loading and unloading body comprises a master cylinder and a self-align bearing plate, described master cylinder comprises the oil cylinder part that is positioned at the outside and is positioned at inboard piston portion, the lower end that described piston portion is close to described standard transducer is provided with, described loading and unloading body comprises that also one is arranged on the weighing platform table top of described weighing apparatus and is set in self-align bearing plate on the described pulling force framework, and described self-align bearing plate is arranged on the below of described master cylinder.
Further, described self-align bearing plate comprise one with described oil cylinder partly keep at a certain distance away the bearing plate plate body that is provided with and at least three be used for regulating automatically the pressure-bearing direction make described standard transducer be subjected to mechanical axis and described stayed mast main body be subjected to the parallel multi-directional ball bearing of mechanical axis, described multi-directional ball neck collar is evenly laid on the upper surface that is embedded in described bearing plate plate body and the upper part of exposing described multi-directional ball bearing partly just contacts with the oil cylinder of described master cylinder around the central axis of described pulling force framework.
Further, the outside of described master cylinder also is provided with a screw that can carry out horizontal adjustment to described master cylinder, and the upper surface of described bearing plate plate body is withstood on the top of described screw.
Further, described pulling force framework comprises that one is embedded in the lower margin stayed mast of depths of described weighing platform ground or pulling force ring and and is connected stayed mast main body on described lower margin stayed mast or the pulling force ring.
Further, described locating part is one to be set in the nut that is used to lock of the top of described stayed mast main body.
Further, described pulling force framework comprises that also the lower end of the described nut of a next-door neighbour and the pressure-bearing pad, that is set on the described stayed mast main body are close to the lower end of described pressure-bearing pad and are set in the thrust articulated bearing that is used for adjusting automatically the right alignment of described stayed mast main body and described standard transducer on the described stayed mast main body.
Further, described standard transducer comprises upper bed-plate, lower bottom base and be located at elastic body between the Up/down base, and the lower end that described upper bed-plate is close to described thrust articulated bearing is provided with.
Further, described pulling force framework comprises that also one can make described stayed mast main body keep coaxial and perpendicular to the self-adjusting right alignment mechanism of described weighing platform table top, described self-adjusting right alignment mechanism is arranged between described stayed mast main body and described lower margin stayed mast or the pulling force ring, and described self-adjusting right alignment mechanism comprises a rod end thrust bearing.
Further, described pulling force framework comprises that also one is arranged on the height adjusting yoke that described stayed mast main body is positioned at the following lower end of described weighing platform table top.
Further, described constant load control device comprises the computing machine of oil sources mechanism, constant load control gear, band constant load Control Software.
Further, described oil sources mechanism comprises first servomotor, second servomotor, first servo oil pump, second servo oil pump, the input end of described first servomotor and second servomotor all is connected with described computing machine, the output terminal of described first servomotor is connected with the input end of described first servo oil pump, and the output terminal of described second servomotor is connected with the input end of described second servo oil pump; Described constant load control gear comprises a surplus valve, a reversal valve and an electric check valve, the input end of described reversal valve is connected with the output terminal of described first servo oil pump and second servo oil pump respectively, described reversal valve also is connected with described surplus valve, and the output terminal of described reversal valve is connected with described master cylinder; Described at least three standard transducers are measured Displaying Meter with described standard transducer and are connected, described standard transducer is measured Displaying Meter and is connected with described computing machine, each sensor of described weighing apparatus is connected with the Displaying Meter of described weighing apparatus, and the Displaying Meter of described weighing apparatus is connected with described computing machine again.
Two technical schemes that adopted of the technical matters that the utility model solves are as described below:
Be used to examine and determine the self-location loading-unloading measuring device of large-scale weighing machine, wherein, described self-location loading-unloading measuring device comprises that a substitute that can be used for alternate standard counterweight or standard test weight adds the high precision Load Meter that the upper end of the self-align loading and unloading body of unloading and the described loading and unloading body of a next-door neighbour is provided with to the weighing platform table top, and the accuracy of described high precision Load Meter is at least 3 times of accuracy of described weighing apparatus.
Further, described self-location loading-unloading measuring device along one pass that a weighing platform hole on the weighing platform table top that is preset in described weighing apparatus is connected with the weighing platform ground and the pulling force framework that is provided with perpendicular to described weighing platform table top around be provided with.
Further, described high precision Load Meter comprises that locating part and that at least three standard transducers of evenly laying around the central axis of described pulling force framework, are located at the top of described high precision Load Meter is connected with described each standard transducer and is used to show the standard transducer measurement Displaying Meter of the power value load of described standard transducer.
Further, described loading and unloading body comprises a master cylinder and a self-align bearing plate, described master cylinder comprises the oil cylinder part that is positioned at the outside and is positioned at inboard piston portion, the lower end that described piston portion is close to described standard transducer is provided with, described loading and unloading body comprises that also one is arranged on the weighing platform table top of described weighing apparatus and is set in self-align bearing plate on the described pulling force framework, and described self-align bearing plate is arranged on the below of described master cylinder.
Further, described self-align bearing plate comprise one with described oil cylinder partly keep at a certain distance away the bearing plate plate body that is provided with and at least three be used for regulating automatically the pressure-bearing direction make described standard transducer be subjected to mechanical axis and described stayed mast main body be subjected to the parallel multi-directional ball bearing of mechanical axis, described multi-directional ball neck collar is evenly laid on the upper surface that is embedded in described bearing plate plate body and the upper part of exposing described multi-directional ball bearing partly just contacts with the oil cylinder of described master cylinder around the central axis of described pulling force framework.
A kind of system of examining and determine large-scale weighing machine that the utility model is realized, the second kind of standard that is regulation in adopting international standards examined and determine large-scale weighing machine, second kind of standard specifically is a kind of independently servicing unit, and promptly non-counterweight type verification weighing apparatus device has following advantage:
1, because is not the sensor of calibrating weighing apparatus, but directly weighing apparatus is carried out required every calibrating, so do not need to detect the amount of deflection of weighing platform table top, and can directly near the sensor supporting-point, implement calibrating in the verification process, be not limited to the position of sensor supporting-point, thereby can simulate the state of weighing of weighing apparatus reality.
2, calibrating and transportation safety are convenient.The a whole set of deadweight of described non-counterweight verification weighing apparatus device is no more than 1.5 tons, and volume is little, in light weight, so calibrating and transportation safety are convenient;
3, calibration operation amount is little.Owing to adopt the constant load control device to add unloaded automatically, and can pass through software design, control automatically, need not to move hundreds of in addition on kiloton counterweight or substitute, pick up that to decide workload little;
4, calibrating efficient height.Need not the transportation required a large amount of standard test weights of calibrating and seek substitute, just can examine and determine one 100 tons or 200 tons of truck scales half working day, and work efficiency is high.
5, the required cost of calibrating is low.When implementing this device, only need a jubilee wagon once just standard can be transported to the destination, as long as just can finish calibrating half working day.
6, social benefit is fabulous.Adopted standard test weight to compare with the past as the calibration method of standard calibrating weighing apparatus, according to estimation, big ton electronic vehicle weighing apparatus of average calibrating, traffic expense can be saved 5000 yuan, labour cost can save 3000 yuan, for example, Fujian the whole province has more than 4000, and calibrating in a year 2 times just can be Fujian enterprise and saves more than 1,000 ten thousand yuan in cost land in 1 year.
[description of drawings]
In conjunction with specific embodiments the utility model is further described with reference to the accompanying drawings.
Fig. 1 is the synoptic diagram of available technology adopting standard test weight or standard test weight and substitute calibrating weighing apparatus.
Fig. 2 is the cut-open view of verification system described in the utility model.
Fig. 3 is the cut-open view of self-location loading-unloading measuring device described in the utility model.
Fig. 4 is the cut-open view of verification system described in the utility model.
Fig. 5 a is the cut-open view of standard transducer described in the utility model.
Fig. 5 b is the A-A cut-open view of the standard transducer among Fig. 5 a.
Fig. 6 is the cut-open view of the position relation of loading and unloading body described in the utility model and high precision Load Meter.
Fig. 7 a is the cut-open view of self-align bearing plate described in the utility model.
Fig. 7 b is the vertical view of the self-align bearing plate among Fig. 7 a.
Fig. 8 is the inside and outside annexation figure that verification system described in the utility model is installed.
Fig. 9 a is the synoptic diagram that adopts verification system calibrating weighing apparatus described in the utility model.
Fig. 9 b is the synoptic diagram that adopts verification system calibrating weighing apparatus described in the utility model.
[embodiment]
Please consult Fig. 2 by emphasis, Fig. 3, Fig. 4 and shown in Figure 8, a kind of system of examining and determine large-scale weighing machine described in the utility model, described verification system 1 is a kind of independently verification system of auxiliary weighing apparatus of non-counterweight type, can be used for large-scale fixed electronic scale 2 (is seen that Fig. 9 a) carries out measurement verification, comprise: at least four pulling force frameworks 11, at least four self-location loading-unloading measuring devices 12 and a constant load control device 13, the number of described pulling force framework 11 is consistent with the number of described self-location loading-unloading measuring device 12, and correspondence is set together one by one, and each described pulling force framework 11 passes that a weighing platform hole 211 on the weighing platform table top 21 that is preset in described weighing apparatus 2 is connected with weighing platform ground 3 and is provided with perpendicular to described weighing platform table top 21; Each described self-location loading-unloading measuring device 12 adds unloading and carries out load measurement weighing platform table top 21 along the substitute that is provided for alternate standard counterweight or standard test weight all around of each described pulling force framework 11, each described self-location loading-unloading measuring device 12 comprise one can be self-align a loading and unloading body 121 and a high precision Load Meter 122, the upper end of the described loading and unloading body 121 of described high precision Load Meter 122 next-door neighbours is provided with, be to guarantee the accuracy and the traceability of calibrating, the accuracy of described high precision Load Meter 122 is at least 3 times of accuracy of described weighing apparatus.Described constant load control device 13 is connected with described loading and unloading body 121 and to keep institute to add load when being used to make described loading and unloading body 121 to load constant.
Please consult shown in Figure 3 by emphasis, described high precision Load Meter 122 comprises at least one standard transducer 1221, standard transducer measurement Displaying Meter 1222 (see figure 8)s and a locating part 1223, described locating part 1223 is arranged on the top of described standard transducer 1221, for detachable, can be used for limiting and regulating the position of described standard transducer 1221, in the present embodiment, described locating part 1223 is born by a nut that is arranged on the described pulling force framework 11, and described nut can be used for locking spacing; Described standard transducer is measured the power value load that Displaying Meter 1222 is connected with described standard transducer 1221 and is used to show described standard transducer 1221.
Please emphasis consult shown in Figure 4ly, described pulling force framework 11 comprises a lower margin stayed mast 111, a stayed mast main body 112, a pressure-bearing pad 113, a thrust articulated bearing 114, a self-adjusting right alignment mechanism 115 and a height adjusting yoke 116.Be lower margin stayed mast 111 shown in Fig. 4, described lower margin stayed mast 111 is embedded in the depths of described weighing platform ground and fixedlys connected with described stayed mast main body 112; Described pressure-bearing pad 113 is close to the lower end of described locating parts 1223 (being nut) and is set on the described stayed mast main body 112; The lower end of the described pressure-bearing pad 113 of described thrust articulated bearing 114 next-door neighbours also is set on the described stayed mast main body 112; Described self-adjusting right alignment mechanism 115 is arranged between described stayed mast main body 112 and the described lower margin stayed mast 111, can be used for adjusting automatically the right alignment of described stayed mast main body 112 and described standard transducer 1221 (see figure 3)s, can make described stayed mast main body 112 keep coaxial and perpendicular to described weighing platform table top 21, particularly, described self-adjusting right alignment mechanism 115 bears the adjustment that realizes right alignment by a rod end thrust bearing; Described height adjusting yoke 116 is arranged on the lower end of described stayed mast main body 112, be meant that particularly stayed mast main body 112 is positioned at the lower end of described weighing platform table top below 21, described height adjusting yoke 116 can be regulated the required height of pulling force framework 11 easily according to the weighing platform table top 21 in calibrating place and the height of weighing platform ground 3.
Please consult shown in Fig. 5 a and Fig. 5 b by emphasis, described high precision Load Meter 122 comprises at least three standard transducers 1221, described each standard transducer 1221 is evenly laid around the central axis of described pulling force framework 11, described standard transducer is measured the power value load of making a concerted effort that Displaying Meter 1222 (see figure 3)s are connected with described each standard transducer 1221 and are used to show described each standard transducer 1221, described standard transducer 1221 comprises upper bed-plate 12211, lower bottom base 12212 and be located at elastic body 12213 between the Up/down base, the lower end of described thrust articulated bearing 114 (see figure 4)s of described upper bed-plate 12211 next-door neighbours is provided with.Described high precision Load Meter 122 also comprises one with the housing 1224 of described standard transducer 1221 in being wrapped in, and is located at the handrail 1225 that is convenient to operation on the described housing 1224.
Please emphasis consult shown in Figure 6ly, described loading and unloading body 121 comprises a self-align bearing plate 1211 and a master cylinder 1212.Described master cylinder 1212 comprises the oil cylinder part 12121 that is positioned at the outside and is positioned at inboard piston portion 12122, the lower bottom base 12212 of the described standard transducer 1221 of described piston portion 12122 next-door neighbours is provided with, described piston portion 12122 moves upward when acting, can make described standard transducer 1221 stressed; Described loading and unloading body 121 comprises that also one is arranged on described weighing apparatus 2 and (sees that a) weighing platform table top 21 of figure Fig. 9 (sees that Fig. 9 a) goes up and be set in self-align bearing plate 1211 on the described pulling force framework 11, described self-align bearing plate 1211 is arranged on the below of described master cylinder 1212, when oil cylinder part 12121 moves downward acting, described self-align bearing plate 1211 is stressed, thereby makes weighing platform table top 21 stressed.Because described self-align bearing plate 1211 has certain area coverage, thus near the weighing platform hole 211 a part of area can be covered, thus can simulate the state of truly weighing of described weighing apparatus 2, realize the more measurement verification of science.
Please consult shown in Fig. 6, Fig. 7 a and the 7b by emphasis, described self-align bearing plate 1211 comprise a bearing plate plate body 12111 and with at least three multi-directional ball bearings 12112.The setting that keeps at a certain distance away of described bearing plate plate body 12111 and described oil cylinder part 12121; In the present embodiment, described multi-directional ball bearing 12112 is 6, described multi-directional ball bearing 12112 is evenly laid on the upper surface that is embedded in described bearing plate plate body 12111 around the central axis of described stayed mast main body 112 and the upper part of exposing described multi-directional ball bearing 12112 just contacts with the oil cylinder part 12121 of described master cylinder 1211, described bearing plate plate body 12111 and being arranged between the described oil cylinder part 12121 on top except with each multi-directional ball bearing 12112 contacts, all there is certain space in other place, described multi-directional ball bearing 12112 be used for regulating automatically the pressure-bearing direction make described standard transducer 1221 be subjected to mechanical axis and described stayed mast main body 112 be subjected to mechanical axis parallel.The outside of described master cylinder 1211 also is provided with a screw 12123 that can carry out horizontal adjustment, the upper surface of described bearing plate plate body 12111 is withstood on the top of described screw 12123, can be used for adjusting the location and make described master cylinder 1212 be in horizontality on the whole, after location positioning, use to guarantee described master cylinder 1212.
Please consult Fig. 2, shown in Figure 8 by emphasis, described constant load control device 13 comprises the computing machine 133 of oil sources mechanism 131, constant load control gear 132, band constant load Control Software.Described oil sources mechanism 131 comprises first servomotor 1311, second servomotor 1312, first servo oil pump 1313, second servo oil pump 1314, the input end of described first servomotor 1311 and second servomotor 1312 all is connected with described computing machine 133, the output terminal of described first servomotor 1311 is connected with the input end of described first servo oil pump 1313, and the output terminal of described second servomotor 1312 is connected with the input end of described second servo oil pump 1314; Described constant load control gear 132 comprises a surplus valve 1321, one reversal valve 1322 and an electric check valve 1323, described surplus valve 1321 is used to regulate flow or overload protection, described reversal valve 1322 is used to control the oil-feed or the oil return of master cylinder, described electric check valve 1323 is used to control the action of master cylinder 1211, the input end of described reversal valve is connected with the output terminal of described first servo oil pump 1313 and second servo oil pump 1314, described reversal valve also is connected with described surplus valve 1321, the output terminal of described reversal valve also with after described electric check valve 1323 is connected is connected with described master cylinder 1211 again, perhaps, the output terminal of described reversal valve directly is connected with described master cylinder 1211; Described at least three standard transducers 1221 are measured Displaying Meter 1222 with described standard transducer and are connected, described standard transducer is measured Displaying Meter 1222 and is connected with described computing machine 133, each sensor 231-234 of described weighing apparatus is connected with the scale Displaying Meter 22 of described weighing apparatus, and the scale Displaying Meter 22 of described weighing apparatus is connected with described computing machine 133 again.
Please in conjunction with Fig. 2-4, Fig. 5 a-5b, Fig. 6, Fig. 7 a-7b, shown in Figure 8, the principle of work of the various piece of a kind of system of examining and determine large-scale weighing machine described in the utility model is as follows:
Pulling force framework 11: pulling force framework 11 is adjusted the right alignment of stayed mast main body 112 and standard transducer 1221 automatically by the self-adjusting right alignment mechanism on the stayed mast main body 112 115, make both central axis parallel, and adjust to both all perpendicular to the weighing platform table top 21 of the weighing apparatus 2 of required calibrating; Pulling force framework 11 is adjusted the stressed verticality and the verticality of standard transducer 1221 axis by the thrust articulated bearing on the stayed mast main body 112 114, and the own axis of the stressed axis that guarantees standard transducer 1221 and standard transducer 1221 is consistent.Pulling force framework 11 also comprises height adjusting yoke 116, can regulate the required height of pulling force framework 11 easily according to the weighing platform table top 21 in calibrating place and the height of weighing platform ground 3.The tension intensity of frame part can reach 300kN.
Self-location loading-unloading measuring device 12: when large-scale weighing machine 2 is examined and determine, owing to can't guarantee to be installed in the stressed right alignment of the standard transducer 1221 of the high precision Load Meter 122 on the weighing platform table top 21, so need the self-align bearing plate 1211 of design adjust automatically standard transducer 1221 stressed axially with the standard transducer 1221 of the stressed axial parallel and allowable offset load of stayed mast main body 112, could satisfy the needs of detection.The standard transducer 1221 of allowable offset load is standard transducer 1221 uniform being installed between upper bed-plate 12211 and the lower bottom base 12212 that can gather the power value by three, and three standard transducer 1221 output sensitivity unanimities, thereby when guaranteeing that standard transducer 1221 bears eccentric load, output and the directly proportional electric signal of gravimetric value make the load of making a concerted effort constant.When standard transducer 1221 is stressed, elastic body 12213 distortion of standard transducer 1221, be attached at the foil gauge bridge circuit out of trim on the elastic body 12213, output and the directly proportional electric signal of gravimetric value, through linear amplifier signal is amplified, be converted to digital signal through A/D again, measure the microprocessor of Displaying Meter 1222 by standard transducer signal is handled directly demonstration gravimetric value of back.Self-align bearing plate 1211 is made up of bearing plate main body 12111 and multi-directional ball bearing 12112, and the standard transducer 1221 of high precision Load Meter 122 stressed axially and during stayed mast main body 112 stressed axial not parallel worked as F XDuring>1kgf, loading and unloading body 121 and high precision Load Meter 122 are under the effect of multi-directional ball bearing 12112, loading and unloading body 121 and standard transducer 1221 can be regulated its position automatically, make the standard transducer 1221 stressed axial and stressed axially parallels of stayed mast.The lower bottom base setting of the described standard transducer 1221 of described piston portion 12122 next-door neighbours, when described piston portion 12122 moves upward acting, because be subjected to the alignment restrictions of described locating part 1223, can make described standard transducer 1221 stressed, described self-align bearing plate 1211 is arranged on the below of described master cylinder 1212, the reacting force of described piston portion 12122 and oil cylinder part 12121 between mutually makes oil cylinder part 12121 move downward acting, at this moment, described self-align bearing plate 1211 is stressed, thereby makes weighing platform table top 21 stressed.In brief, after the calibrating beginning, 121 pairs of high precision Load Meters 122 of loading and unloading body and self-align bearing plate 1211 load, make high precision Load Meter 122 and 1211 while of self-align bearing plate holding capacity be worth equal-sized load, because self-align bearing plate 1211 is placed on the weighing platform table top 21 of weighing apparatus 2 such as truck scale, make truck scale weighing platform table top 21 be subjected to downward power value load (gravimetric value that is equivalent to goods), by the scale instrument display 22 demonstration gravimetric values of truck scale; High precision Load Meter 122 is demarcated by force standard machines (not shown) fixed point, and its indicating value is a true value.Than the difference of the displayed value of the scale instrument display 22 of the displayed value of degree of precision Load Meter 122 and truck scale, be the error amount of weighing apparatus 2.Described self-location loading-unloading measuring device 12 as shown in Figure 2, the mass measurement accuracy is better than 0.01%, repeatability is better than 0.01%, self-align position accuracy is better than
Constant load control device 13: constant load control device 13 can reach following index: response limit: load fluctuation 0.01%, (power source degree of stability): 0.005%/30min, every grade add discharge time<30s, force value stabilization retention time and are better than 1 hour.
As shown in Figure 8, be that example illustrates the annexation figure that verification system described in the utility model is installed with the automobile weighing apparatus 2 that only comprises 4 sensor 231-234 below, described weighing apparatus comprises a joint weighing platform table top 21, a scale Displaying Meter 22, and each sensor 231-234 all is connected to described scale Displaying Meter 22.During installation, need near around the weighing apparatus, weighing platform hole 251-254 be installed, and weighing platform hole 255 is installed at the center of described weighing platform table top 21, the position in described weighing platform hole 251 is equipped with pulling force framework 11-1 and self-location loading-unloading measuring device 12-1, described self-location loading-unloading measuring device 12-1 comprises standard transducer 1221-1, master cylinder 1212-1, in like manner, pulling force framework 11-2 and self-location loading-unloading measuring device 12-2 are installed on the weighing platform hole 252, the self-location loading-unloading measuring device that install in other weighing platform hole does not show fully that in Fig. 9 described self-location loading-unloading measuring device 12-2 comprises standard transducer 1221-2, master cylinder 1212-2.Described standard transducer 1221-1,1221-2 are connected to described standard transducer and measure Displaying Meter 1222, described standard transducer 1221-3,1221-4,1221-5 also all are connected to described standard transducer and measure Displaying Meter 1222, described master cylinder 1212-1,1212-2 are connected to the electric check valve 1323 in the described constant load control device 13, and master cylinder 1212-3,1212-4, the 1212-5 of the self-location loading-unloading measuring device that install in other weighing platform hole also all are connected to described electric check valve 1323.A shared standard transducer is measured Displaying Meter 1222 in described each self-location loading-unloading measuring device, can show the standard value of each weighing point simultaneously.
The Control work principle of verification system described in the utility model is as follows:
Please specifically consult Fig. 8, described computing machine 133 is according to the needs to the truck scale calibrating, and it is single or control a plurality of self-location loading-unloading measuring devices simultaneously control electronic year and end valve 1323 controls, thereby realization detects automatically to the weighing value single-point or the multiple spot of truck scale.As self-location loading-unloading measuring device 12-1 is illustrated control procedure: begin test after setting the control of quality value, electric check valve 1323 is opened the oil circuit that is connected to described master cylinder 1212-1, and all the other end.Computing machine 133 is measured the actual signal that Displaying Meter 1222 is gathered standard transducer 1221-1 by standard transducer, because what adopt is equally distributed three standard transducers, in proper order the actual signal at place is actual is making a concerted effort (promptly making a concerted effort to be the realistic objective mass value) of three standard transducers 1221, by computing, to first servomotor 1311, second servomotor, 1312 transmission speeds, torque instruction, the rotating speed of first servomotor, 1311 controls, first servo oil pump 1313, torque, by 1322 couples of master cylinder 1212-1 of reversal valve oil-feed, the rotating speed of second servomotor, 1312 controls, second servo oil pump 1314, torque is by 1322 couples of master cylinder 1212-1 of reversal valve oil return; Advance and retreat, pressure, the speed of the speed discrepancy decision master cylinder 1212-1 of first servo oil pump 1313 and second servo oil pump 1314.Master cylinder 1212-1 measures Displaying Meter 1222, standard transducer 1221-1 by standard transducer and sends signal to computing machine 133 in real time, computing machine 133 in real time by computing to first servomotor 1311, second servomotor, 1312 transmission speeds, torque instruction, so form a closed-loop control; Reach the mass value of setting up to the value of making a concerted effort of standard transducer 1221-1, the truck scale display is the error that the difference of the displayed value of scale Displaying Meter 2210 and standard transducer measurement instrument 1222 displayed values is weighing apparatus control of quality value at this moment.In actual verification process, pulling force framework 11 and self-location loading-unloading measuring device 12 are installed near each weighing apparatus supporting-point, utilize constant load control device 13, can carry out precompressed to weighing apparatus 2 respectively by regulation in " the fixed electronic scale of GB7723-2008 " national standard and " the JJG539-1997 numeral self-indicating scale vertification regulation " by the software that is installed on the computing machine 133, the weighing test, the resolving ability test, allowance for bark the weighing test, the unbalance loading test, metering performances such as reperformance test are tested and are checked, when carrying out projects test and checking, compare the value of the weighing sum of each self-location loading-unloading measuring device 12 and the scale instrument display 22 value difference values of the weighing apparatus of being examined, be the gauging error value of weighing apparatus 2.The 1 pair of truck scale of verification system described in the utility model calibrating state and the automobile state consistency of weighing, the validity and the reliability that guarantee to examine and determine the electronic vehicle weighing apparatus result.Though the calibrating with truck scale is that example describes, verification system 1 described in the utility model is not limited in the calibrating of truck scale, can be used for the calibrating of the large-scale fixed electronic scale of various uses and mechanism.
The concrete installation and the calibration method of a kind of system of examining and determine large-scale weighing machine described in the utility model are as follows:
Shown in Fig. 9 a and Fig. 9 b, with of the prior art shown in Figure 1ly different be, when a kind of system of examining and determine large-scale fixed electronic scale that adopts the utility model to realize comes weighing apparatus 2 examined and determine, not to adopt standard test weight or standard test weight and substitute, but second kind of standard of definition realized calibrating in adopting international standards, shown in Fig. 9 a is fixed electronic scale 2, comprise weighing platform table top 21, scale Displaying Meter 22, with specification is that 100 tons fixed electronic vehicle weighing apparatus is an example, weighing platform table top 21 is divided into three joint table tops, be numbered 211 respectively, 212,213, this truck scale has adopted eight sensors altogether, be numbered 231-238 respectively, above each sensor 231-238, comprise eight sensor supporting-points, be numbered 241-248 respectively, during calibrating, making a call to eight weighing platform hole 251-258 respectively near on the weighing platform table top of eight sensor supporting-point 241-248, also need make a call to a weighing platform hole 259 respectively at the center of three weighing platform table top 211-213, also have on the weighing platform table top 21 of some weighing apparatus to be reserved with a plurality of weighing platforms hole, coming the installation code device by above-mentioned each hole then is that pulling force framework described in the utility model and self-location loading-unloading measuring device 12 are implemented calibration operation under the control of constant load control device.As shown in Fig. 9 b, eight pulling force frameworks 11 described in the utility model have been installed simultaneously and have been measured loading-unloading measuring device 12 certainly on eight weighing platform hole 251-258 on the weighing platform table top 21, described pulling force framework 11 is connected on the lower margin pulling force ring 111, at this moment, the constant load control device is one only still, controls each from the action of measuring loading-unloading measuring device 12.
See also shown in Fig. 9 a and Fig. 9 b, the calibrating operating process of verification system described in the utility model is as follows:
1, the independently auxiliary weighing instrument verification device of non-counterweight is installed: pulling force framework and self-location loading-unloading measuring device are being installed near the position, table top hole (groove) each sensor of weighing platform and on the middle table top of each table top, are being formed by pulling force framework connecting hole (groove) below stayed mast (ring) and self-location loading-unloading measuring device the weighing platform table top is added the unloading measuring system.
2, zero clearing: unclamp the nut that screws tight on the pulling force frame, make not stand under load of weighing platform, to the zero clearing of two measuring system instrument.
3, precompressed: adjust the nut that spiral shell is established on the pulling force frame, each self-location loading-unloading measuring device is loaded 200kg, stablize after 30 seconds that (loading and unloading body and standard transducer are regulated its position automatically under the effect of multi-directional ball bearing, make standard transducer stressed axially and the stressed axially parallel of stayed mast.The pulling force framework is adjusted the right alignment of stayed mast and standard transducer automatically by thrust articulated bearing on the stayed mast and spherical plain bearing rod end), each self-location loading-unloading measuring device is loaded on the weighing platform full scale once.
4, zero setting and remove the accuracy of instrument and load before the calibrating of zero setting: scale is carried out zero setting and the accuracy that removes instrument and loads the calibrating of preceding zero setting with the counterweight of 10 1kg counterweights and 10 200g.
5, unbalance loading test: control constant load control device respectively by number order to each self-location loading-unloading measuring device imposed load to the unbalance loading value, each imposed load is protected lotus 30s to the unbalance loading value, write down the instrument weighing displayed value of each self-location loading-unloading measuring device instrument displayed value, weighing apparatus, and compare.
6, weighing test: control constant load control device is stipulated imposed load by rules step by step to each self-location loading-unloading measuring device (except the self-location loading-unloading measuring device in the middle of each table top) simultaneously, be offloaded to zero point step by step by the opposite point of load behind the imposed load, each imposed load or be offloaded to load value after protect lotus 30s, write down the instrument weighing displayed value of every each self-location loading-unloading measuring device instrument displayed value total value, weighing apparatus, and compare.
7, allowance for bark the weighing test: 1. at first on the self-location loading-unloading measuring device in the middle of each table top of weighing platform, apply predetermined tare weight value, after the scale peeling is heavy, simultaneously each self-location loading-unloading measuring device (the self-location loading-unloading measuring device load in the middle of each table top is constant) is stipulated the imposed load value by rules step by step by control constant load control device, be offloaded to zero point step by step by the opposite point of load behind the imposed load, each imposed load or be offloaded to load value after protect lotus 30s, write down every each self-location loading-unloading measuring device instrument displayed value total value, the instrument weighing displayed value of weighing apparatus, and compare.2. on the self-location loading-unloading measuring device in the middle of each table top of weighing platform, apply different predetermined tare weight values once more, after the scale peeling is heavy, repeat above step, write down the instrument weighing displayed value of every each self-location loading-unloading measuring device instrument displayed value total value, weighing apparatus, and compare.
8, reperformance test: control constant load control device simultaneously to each self-location loading-unloading measuring device (except the self-location loading-unloading measuring device in the middle of each table top) step by step the imposed load value be rules specified load value, be offloaded to zero point behind the imposed load, protect lotus 30s after being applied to load value at every turn, write down the instrument weighing displayed value of each every each self-location loading-unloading measuring device instrument displayed value total value, weighing apparatus, and compare the above step of triplicate.
9, according to verification result, judge whether to need to adjust the weighing accuracy of truck scale, if need to adjust, repeat above verification step, till meeting vertification regulation.
Though the calibrating with truck scale is that example describes, calibrating installation described in the utility model is not limited in the calibrating of truck scale, can be used for the calibrating of the large-scale fixed electronic scale of various uses and structure.
The utility model can also have other embodiment, and the technical scheme that equal replacement of all employings or equivalent transformation form all drops within the claimed scope of the utility model.

Claims (19)

1. system of examining and determine large-scale weighing machine is characterized in that: comprising:
The pulling force framework that at least four weighing platform holes of passing on the weighing platform table top that is preset in described weighing apparatus are connected with the weighing platform ground and are provided with perpendicular to described weighing platform table top;
At least four described pulling force frameworks of correspondence are provided for the self-location loading-unloading measuring device that the substitute of alternate standard counterweight or standard test weight adds unloading and carries out load measurement described weighing platform table top, and described self-location loading-unloading measuring device is around being provided with around the described pulling force framework; And
One be connected with described loading and unloading body and keep when being used to make described loading and unloading body to load add the constant constant load control device of load.
2. the system of calibrating large-scale weighing machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described self-location loading-unloading measuring device comprise one can be self-align the high precision Load Meter that is provided with of the upper end of loading and unloading body, the described loading and unloading body of a next-door neighbour, the accuracy of described high precision Load Meter is at least 3 times of accuracy of described weighing apparatus.
3. the system of calibrating large-scale weighing machine according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: described high precision Load Meter comprises that at least three standard transducers of evenly laying around the central axis of described pulling force framework, are located at the locating part of the top of each described standard transducer, and one is connected with each described standard transducer and is used to show the standard transducer measurement Displaying Meter of the power value load of described standard transducer.
4. the system of calibrating large-scale weighing machine according to claim 3, it is characterized in that: described loading and unloading body comprises a master cylinder and a self-align bearing plate, described master cylinder comprises the oil cylinder part that is positioned at the outside and is positioned at inboard piston portion, the lower end that described piston portion is close to described standard transducer is provided with, described loading and unloading body comprises that also one is arranged on the weighing platform table top of described weighing apparatus and is set in self-align bearing plate on the described pulling force framework, and described self-align bearing plate is arranged on the below of described master cylinder.
5. the system of calibrating large-scale weighing machine according to claim 4, it is characterized in that: described self-align bearing plate comprise one with described oil cylinder partly keep at a certain distance away the bearing plate plate body that is provided with and at least three be used for regulating automatically the pressure-bearing direction make described standard transducer be subjected to mechanical axis and described stayed mast main body be subjected to the parallel multi-directional ball bearing of mechanical axis, described multi-directional ball neck collar is evenly laid on the upper surface that is embedded in described bearing plate plate body and the upper part of exposing described multi-directional ball bearing partly just contacts with the oil cylinder of described master cylinder around the central axis of described pulling force framework.
6. the system of calibrating large-scale weighing machine according to claim 5 is characterized in that: the outside of described master cylinder also is provided with a screw that can carry out horizontal adjustment to described master cylinder, and the upper surface of described bearing plate plate body is withstood on the top of described screw.
7. the system of calibrating large-scale weighing machine according to claim 3 is characterized in that: described pulling force framework comprises that one is embedded in the lower margin stayed mast of depths of described weighing platform ground or pulling force ring and and is connected stayed mast main body on described lower margin stayed mast or the pulling force ring.
8. the system of calibrating large-scale weighing machine according to claim 7 is characterized in that: described locating part is one to be set in the nut that is used to lock of the top of described stayed mast main body.
9. the system of calibrating large-scale weighing machine according to claim 7 is characterized in that: described pulling force framework comprises that also the lower end of the described nut of a next-door neighbour and the pressure-bearing pad, that is set on the described stayed mast main body are close to the lower end of described pressure-bearing pad and are set in the thrust articulated bearing that is used for adjusting automatically the right alignment of described stayed mast main body and described standard transducer on the described stayed mast main body.
10. the system of calibrating large-scale weighing machine according to claim 9 is characterized in that: described standard transducer comprises upper bed-plate, lower bottom base and be located at elastic body between the Up/down base, and the lower end that described upper bed-plate is close to described thrust articulated bearing is provided with.
11. the system of calibrating large-scale weighing machine according to claim 7, it is characterized in that: described pulling force framework comprises that also one can make described stayed mast main body keep coaxial and perpendicular to the self-adjusting right alignment mechanism of described weighing platform table top, described self-adjusting right alignment mechanism is arranged between described stayed mast main body and described lower margin stayed mast or the pulling force ring, and described self-adjusting right alignment mechanism comprises a rod end thrust bearing.
12. the system of calibrating large-scale weighing machine according to claim 7 is characterized in that: described pulling force framework comprises that also one is arranged on the height adjusting yoke that described stayed mast main body is positioned at the following lower end of described weighing platform table top.
13. the system according to each described calibrating large-scale weighing machine of claim 1-12 is characterized in that: described constant load control device comprises the computing machine of oil sources mechanism, constant load control gear, band constant load Control Software.
14. the system of calibrating large-scale weighing machine according to claim 13, it is characterized in that: described oil sources mechanism comprises first servomotor, second servomotor, first servo oil pump, second servo oil pump, the input end of described first servomotor and second servomotor all is connected with described computing machine, the output terminal of described first servomotor is connected with the input end of described first servo oil pump, and the output terminal of described second servomotor is connected with the input end of described second servo oil pump; Described constant load control gear comprises a surplus valve, a reversal valve and an electric check valve, the input end of described reversal valve is connected with the output terminal of described first servo oil pump and second servo oil pump respectively, described reversal valve also is connected with described surplus valve, and the output terminal of described reversal valve is connected with described master cylinder; Described at least three standard transducers are measured Displaying Meter with described standard transducer and are connected, described standard transducer is measured Displaying Meter and is connected with described computing machine, each sensor of described weighing apparatus is connected with the Displaying Meter of described weighing apparatus, and the Displaying Meter of described weighing apparatus is connected with described computing machine again.
15. self-location loading-unloading measuring device that is used to examine and determine large-scale weighing machine, it is characterized in that: described self-location loading-unloading measuring device comprises that a substitute that can be used for alternate standard counterweight or standard test weight adds the high precision Load Meter that the upper end of the self-align loading and unloading body of unloading and the described loading and unloading body of a next-door neighbour is provided with to the weighing platform table top, and the accuracy of described high precision Load Meter is at least 3 times of accuracy of described weighing apparatus.
16. the self-location loading-unloading measuring device that is used to examine and determine large-scale weighing machine according to claim 15 is characterized in that: described self-location loading-unloading measuring device along one pass that a weighing platform hole on the weighing platform table top that is preset in described weighing apparatus is connected with the weighing platform ground and the pulling force framework that is provided with perpendicular to described weighing platform table top around be provided with.
17. the self-location loading-unloading measuring device that is used to examine and determine large-scale weighing machine according to claim 16 is characterized in that: described high precision Load Meter comprises that locating part and that at least three standard transducers of evenly laying around the central axis of described pulling force framework, are located at the top of described standard transducer is connected with described each standard transducer and is used to show the standard transducer measurement Displaying Meter of the power value load of described standard transducer.
18. the self-location loading-unloading measuring device that is used to examine and determine large-scale weighing machine according to claim 17, it is characterized in that: described loading and unloading body comprises a master cylinder and a self-align bearing plate, described master cylinder comprises the oil cylinder part that is positioned at the outside and is positioned at inboard piston portion, the lower end that described piston portion is close to described standard transducer is provided with, described loading and unloading body comprises that also one is arranged on the weighing platform table top of described weighing apparatus and is set in self-align bearing plate on the described pulling force framework, and described self-align bearing plate is arranged on the below of described master cylinder.
19. the self-align loading-unloading measuring device for the calibrating large-scale weighing machine according to claim 18; It is characterized in that: described self-align bearing plate comprise one with described oil cylinder partly keep at a certain distance away the bearing plate plate body that arranges and at least three be used for automatically regulating the pressure-bearing direction make described standard transducer be subjected to mechanical axis and described pulling force framework be subjected to the parallel multi-directional ball bearing of mechanical axis, described multi-directional ball bearer ring is evenly laid on the upper surface that is embedded in described bearing plate plate body and the upper part of exposing described multi-directional ball bearing partly just contacts with the oil cylinder of described master cylinder around the central axis of described pulling force framework.
CN2010202578263U 2010-06-30 2010-06-30 Large-sized weighter calibration system and self-positioning loading-unloading load measuring device of same CN201765050U (en)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102393243B (en) * 2010-06-30 2013-09-04 福建省计量科学研究院 Self-positioning loading-unloading load measuring device for calibrating large-sized weighter
WO2012000363A1 (en) * 2010-06-30 2012-01-05 福建省计量科学研究院 Method for calibrating large fixed electronic scale
WO2012000420A1 (en) * 2010-06-30 2012-01-05 福建省计量科学研究院 Large fixed electronic weighter
WO2012000362A1 (en) * 2010-06-30 2012-01-05 福建省计量科学研究院 Verification system for large-scale weighing machine and self-location loading-unloading load measuring device
CN102393243A (en) * 2010-06-30 2012-03-28 福建省计量科学研究院 Self-positioning loading-unloading load measuring device for calibrating large-sized weighter
CN101907484A (en) * 2010-06-30 2010-12-08 福建省计量科学技术研究所 Verification system for large-scale weighing machine and self-location loading-unloading measuring device thereof
CN102322934A (en) * 2011-08-02 2012-01-18 浙江工业大学 Loader weighing device with various calibration modes
CN103673807B (en) * 2012-09-18 2016-08-24 上海强精金属制品有限公司 A kind of detector for electric tool product
CN103673807A (en) * 2012-09-18 2014-03-26 上海强精金属制品有限公司 Detector for electric tool product
CN103592014A (en) * 2013-11-06 2014-02-19 重庆工商大学 Transducer calibration method for vehicle weighing system
CN103592014B (en) * 2013-11-06 2016-03-23 重庆工商大学 A kind of transducer calibration method of vehicle-mounted weighing system
CN106124022A (en) * 2016-08-31 2016-11-16 中航电测仪器股份有限公司 A kind of method of Fast Calibration vehicle-mounted weighing system
CN108254054A (en) * 2016-12-28 2018-07-06 北京万集科技股份有限公司 Dynamic automobile scale limits Automatic adjustment method and device
CN108254054B (en) * 2016-12-28 2020-01-17 北京万集科技股份有限公司 Dynamic truck scale limiting automatic adjusting method and device
CN111207818A (en) * 2020-01-15 2020-05-29 常熟市环境试验设备有限公司 High accuracy electron weighing sensor detects uses loading frame

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