CN201764862U - High-temperature heat exchanger - Google Patents

High-temperature heat exchanger Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201764862U
CN201764862U CN2010205153265U CN201020515326U CN201764862U CN 201764862 U CN201764862 U CN 201764862U CN 2010205153265 U CN2010205153265 U CN 2010205153265U CN 201020515326 U CN201020515326 U CN 201020515326U CN 201764862 U CN201764862 U CN 201764862U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
chamber
temperature
housing
heat exchanger
outlet
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
CN2010205153265U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
杨裕能
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Nantong Haiying Electromechanical Group Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Nantong Haiying Electromechanical Group Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Nantong Haiying Electromechanical Group Co Ltd filed Critical Nantong Haiying Electromechanical Group Co Ltd
Priority to CN2010205153265U priority Critical patent/CN201764862U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN201764862U publication Critical patent/CN201764862U/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The utility model relates to a high-temperature heat exchanger which belongs to the technical field of a heat exchange facility. The heat exchanger is provided with a tank-shaped housing. The middle part of the housing is divided into a high-temperature chamber and an air outlet chamber through a baffle. The upper part is provided with a crown-shaped reflux chamber provided in the housing. The high-temperature chamber is provided with a high-temperature medium inlet. The air outlet chamber is provided with a high-temperature medium outlet. A heat insulation layer is lined at the inner wall of the high-temperature chamber. The top part of the housing is communicated with the reflux chamber through a first group of tubes. The reflux chamber is communicated with the air outlet chamber through a second group of tubes. The middle part of the housing is provided with a peripheral layer which forms a squeezing chamber. The peripheral layer is provided with a cold air inlet. An upper part of the squeezing chamber is communicated with an upper chamber formed between the upper housing and the crown-shaped reflux chamber. The upper chamber is provided with a hot air outlet. The heat exchanger according to the utility model has the following advantages: organic combination of the squeezing chamber and the tube structures, reasonable structure, capacity for bearing the heat exchange medium with a temperature which reaches up to 1200 DEG C, and sufficient heat exchange.

Description

High-temperature heat-exchanging
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of heat exchanger, and especially a kind of high-temperature heat-exchanging belongs to technical field of heat exchange facilities.
Background technology
Squeeze formula and tubular heat exchanger be many industries heat exchange facilities commonly used.Application number is that the Chinese patent application of CN02222477.7 discloses a kind of gas heater, mainly is made of burner, heat exchanger, hot water squeeze, controller, turnover air flue and housing.It is characterized in that: be shaped to cylinder, housing is fastened fixing by two terminal holders up and down, connect into sealed whole body, inner face contains the cylindrical shape hot water squeeze that hot water outlet is left in a bottom, the upper end communicates with the waste gas exhale tube, and the lower end communicates with the fresh air ingress pipe, install combustion device and heat exchanger in the burner hearth, the rising of spiraling twist of the heat exchanger tube of heat exchanger, top is wrapped in the draw-in groove of impeller shape heat exchanger fin periphery.Heat exchanger wherein is the squeeze formula.A kind of combined heat exchange tube shell-and-tube heat exchanger is disclosed and application number is the Chinese utility model patent of 200910182125.X, comprise first web plate, tank body, deflection plate, second web plate and heat exchanger tube, it is characterized in that: described tubular heat exchanger also comprises sealing plate and sealing ring, the seal weld of the heat exchanger tube other end is connected to pipe box, offer on the sealing plate with second web plate on the corresponding closed hole of pore, sealing ring one end is assemblied in the pipe box, and the other end is assemblied in the closed hole; The sealing ring outer wall is provided with the twice annular seal groove, and O type circle is housed in the seal groove, respectively with the inner wall sealing of sealing ring outer wall and pipe box and closed hole; Described sealing plate is fixed by second web plate and second end socket that is fastenedly connected.
The basic structure of squeeze formula heat exchanger is simple, easy to manufacture, and maintenance is convenient, and internal volume is big, and MEDIA FLOW is to single, but with the power consumptive material than big.Tubular heat exchanger is a heat exchanger commonly used at present, compact conformation, and MEDIA FLOW is to variation.Economize with power heat exchange consumptive material, but make complexity, maintenance inconvenience.Understand according to the applicant,, be difficult to take necessary cooling structure (especially shell and tube) owing to limited by self structure, and general steel about 1000 ℃ near self fusing point, therefore when heat exchange medium temperature reached 1000 ℃ of left and right sides, these two kinds of heat exchangers all were difficult to bear, can't continuous operation.
The utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is: the shortcoming that exists at above-mentioned prior art by architecture advances, proposes a kind ofly can bear high-temperature medium and the sufficient high-temperature heat-exchanging of heat exchange, thereby satisfies the heat exchange demand of high-temperature medium.
In order to reach above purpose, high-temperature heat-exchanging of the present utility model has tank-like shell, and described housing middle part is separated into high temperature chamber and outlet chamber by dividing plate, and top has the crown back cavity that is positioned at housing; Described high temperature chamber has the high-temperature medium import, and outlet chamber has the high-temperature medium outlet; Described high temperature cavity wall is lined with thermal insulation layer, and the top is communicated with described back cavity by first group of tubulation; Described back cavity is communicated with described outlet chamber by second group of tubulation; Described housing middle part has the perisphere that forms squeeze; Described perisphere has the cold air import, and the upper chamber that forms between described squeeze top and upper body and the crown back cavity communicates; Described upper chamber has hot air outlet.
The utility model organically combines squeeze and tubulation, forms the secondary heat exchange structure.Under part be the heat exchange of squeeze formula, utilize the big characteristics of squeeze formula heat exchanger internal volume, do the internal volume in high temperature chamber in the big squeeze as far as possible, be convenient in the high temperature chamber, establish thermal insulation layer, reduced the suffered hyperthermia radiation of heat resisting steel in the high temperature chamber, solved heat-resisting problem.When high-temperature medium enters the high temperature chamber, utilize the big volume characteristics in high temperature chamber, flow velocity is slowed down, allow high temperature fully be transferred to high temperature cavity wall through thermal insulation layer.The low temperature cold air enters in the perisphere from import, when taking away heat, reduces the received heat of heat exchanger shell.In last part is the main heat exchanger that tubulation constitutes; the shell of tubulation bundle is formed the shell side of heat exchanger; through the air of first order heat exchange under squeeze output after; with the further heat exchange of tube bank; make cold air at utmost take away heat energy in the tube bank; and the control bundle heating temperature, guarantee the safe handling of heat exchanger.In this process, high-temperature medium enters from the tube bank bottom, rises to back cavity, after the mixing of once flowing automatically, enter the secondary tube side and reflux, so heat exchange is very abundant.
It is that described high temperature chamber has the inclination deflector by high-temperature medium import to the first group tubulation lower end, thereby the high-temperature medium that enters the high temperature chamber effectively can be directed to tubulation that the utility model further improves.
It is that described lower housing portion is to be communicated with the taper ash bucket with described outlet chamber that the utility model further improves.Like this, can make impurities deposition before heat exchange output in the high-temperature medium.
The utility model further improves again, and described high-temperature medium import and high temperature chamber are inboard lays refractory brick, thereby avoids high-temperature gas directly to contact with heat exchanger steel body.
Experiment showed, that heat exchanger of the present utility model organically combines squeeze and tubulation structure, rational in infrastructure, can the heat transferring medium of tolerable temperature up to 1200 ℃, and heat exchange is abundant.
Description of drawings
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing the utility model is further described.
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of an embodiment of the utility model.
Fig. 2 is the side view of Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is the vertical view of Fig. 1.
Fig. 4 is the sectional view at Fig. 1 tubulation place.
The specific embodiment
Embodiment one
The high-temperature heat-exchanging of present embodiment is separated into high temperature chamber 3 and outlet chamber 4 by dividing plate 2 in the middle part of the shell of tank-like shell 1 as shown in Figures 1 to 4, and top has the crown back cavity 5 that is positioned at housing.High temperature chamber 3 has high-temperature medium import 6, and outlet chamber 4 has high-temperature medium outlet 7.High temperature chamber 3 and high-temperature medium import 6 inwalls are lined with the refractory brick as thermal insulation layer, thereby avoid high-temperature gas directly to contact with heat exchanger steel body.The top is communicated with back cavity 5 by first group of vertical tube 8.High temperature chamber 3 has the inclination deflector 11 by 6 to first groups of tubulation 8 lower ends of high-temperature medium import.Back cavity 5 is communicated with outlet chamber 4 by second group of tubulation 9.The housing middle part has the perisphere 10 that forms squeeze 13.Perisphere 10 has the cold air import 12 of passing inclination deflector 11 bottoms, and squeeze 13 is all passed in high-temperature medium import 6 and its outlet 7, so not only can suppress the temperature of deflector and high-temperature medium import and export tube wall, and help heat exchange.The upper chamber 14 that forms between the radial passage of squeeze 13 tops by contiguous tubulation root and upper body and the crown back cavity 5 communicates, and the cold air after the one-level heat exchange is imported in the crosscut of tube bank root and to be carried out heat exchange after bottom squeeze output.The side that upper chamber deviates from cold air import 12 has hot air outlet 15.Lower housing portion is the taper ash bucket 16 that is communicated with outlet chamber 4.Like this, can make impurities deposition before heat exchange output in the high-temperature medium.
Present embodiment is taked the measure of following raising resistance to elevated temperatures:
1, at the inboard shop of heat exchanger air inlet that increases and high temperature chamber refractory brick, avoid high-temperature gas directly to contact with heat exchanger steel body.
2, the structure that adopts the secondary heat exchange to organically combine, the bottom is a squeeze formula heat exchanger, the low temperature cold air is input by force around the heat exchanger inlet tube and bottom the high temperature chamber, takes away heat, reduces the received heat of heat exchanger body.Top is main heat exchanger, forms the heat exchanger tube journey by steel pipe on end.The tube bank shell is formed the shell side of heat exchanger; air carries out heat exchange in tube bank root crosscut input back and tube bank after bottom squeeze output, make cold air at utmost take away heat energy in the tube bank; keep the tube bank heating temperature to be lower than 1150 ℃, guarantee the safe handling of heat exchanger.
3, enter from tubulation tube bank bottom as the forming gas of heat transferring medium and rise to the top outlet spout, in the chamber, top, once flow automatically mix after, enter the secondary tube side tube side that refluxes out.Because forming gas flows to perpendicular to horizontal plane in the pipe, and the forming gas that flows out from the mouth of pipe vertically downward, flow velocity is very fast, make the folder dirt of the larger particles that is entrained in the forming gas, fling in the heat exchanger bottom in ash bucket with motional inertia, make heat exchanger have the gravitational dust collection effect, forming gas is then exported from the pipeline of side.

Claims (8)

1. a high-temperature heat-exchanging has tank-like shell, it is characterized in that: described housing middle part is separated into high temperature chamber and outlet chamber by dividing plate, and top has the crown back cavity that is positioned at housing; Described high temperature chamber has the high-temperature medium import, and outlet chamber has the high-temperature medium outlet; Described high temperature cavity wall is lined with thermal insulation layer, and the top is communicated with described back cavity by first group of tubulation; Described back cavity is communicated with described outlet chamber by second group of tubulation; Described housing middle part has the perisphere that forms squeeze; Described perisphere has the cold air import, and the upper chamber that forms between described squeeze top and upper body and the crown back cavity communicates; Described upper chamber has hot air outlet.
2. high-temperature heat-exchanging according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described high temperature chamber has the inclination deflector by high-temperature medium import to the first group tubulation lower end.
3. high-temperature heat-exchanging according to claim 2 is characterized in that: described lower housing portion is for to be communicated with the taper ash bucket with described outlet chamber.
4. high-temperature heat-exchanging according to claim 3 is characterized in that: the inboard refractory brick of laying in described high-temperature medium import and high temperature chamber.
5. according to the arbitrary described high-temperature heat-exchanging of claim 2 to 4, it is characterized in that: inclination deflector bottom is passed in described cold air import.
6. high-temperature heat-exchanging according to claim 5 is characterized in that: squeeze is all passed in described high-temperature medium import and high-temperature medium outlet.
7. high-temperature heat-exchanging according to claim 6 is characterized in that: described squeeze top communicates with described upper chamber by the radial passage of contiguous tubulation root.
8. high-temperature heat-exchanging according to claim 7 is characterized in that: the side that described upper chamber deviates from the cold air import has hot air outlet.
CN2010205153265U 2010-09-03 2010-09-03 High-temperature heat exchanger Expired - Lifetime CN201764862U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010205153265U CN201764862U (en) 2010-09-03 2010-09-03 High-temperature heat exchanger

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010205153265U CN201764862U (en) 2010-09-03 2010-09-03 High-temperature heat exchanger

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN201764862U true CN201764862U (en) 2011-03-16

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2010205153265U Expired - Lifetime CN201764862U (en) 2010-09-03 2010-09-03 High-temperature heat exchanger

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN201764862U (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101922868A (en) * 2010-09-03 2010-12-22 南通海鹰机电集团有限公司 High temperature heat exchanger
CN107042032A (en) * 2017-03-06 2017-08-15 江苏省特种设备安全监督检验研究院南通分院 Energy-saving graphite multitube smoke duster, its method of work and its repair method

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101922868A (en) * 2010-09-03 2010-12-22 南通海鹰机电集团有限公司 High temperature heat exchanger
CN101922868B (en) * 2010-09-03 2012-05-30 南通海鹰机电集团有限公司 High temperature heat exchanger
CN107042032A (en) * 2017-03-06 2017-08-15 江苏省特种设备安全监督检验研究院南通分院 Energy-saving graphite multitube smoke duster, its method of work and its repair method

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Date Code Title Description
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
AV01 Patent right actively abandoned

Granted publication date: 20110316

Effective date of abandoning: 20120530