CN201762221U - Kitchen waste treatment device - Google Patents

Kitchen waste treatment device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201762221U
CN201762221U CN2010205147508U CN201020514750U CN201762221U CN 201762221 U CN201762221 U CN 201762221U CN 2010205147508 U CN2010205147508 U CN 2010205147508U CN 201020514750 U CN201020514750 U CN 201020514750U CN 201762221 U CN201762221 U CN 201762221U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
communicated
changing food
food waste
inspection chamber
sewage
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Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN2010205147508U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
柳建国
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柳建国
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Priority to CN2010205147508U priority Critical patent/CN201762221U/en
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Publication of CN201762221U publication Critical patent/CN201762221U/en
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Classifications

    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C12BIOCHEMISTRY; BEER; SPIRITS; WINE; VINEGAR; MICROBIOLOGY; ENZYMOLOGY; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING
    • C12MAPPARATUS FOR ENZYMOLOGY OR MICROBIOLOGY; APPARATUS FOR CULTURING MICROORGANISMS FOR PRODUCING BIOMASS, FOR GROWING CELLS OR FOR OBTAINING FERMENTATION OR METABOLIC PRODUCTS, i.e. BIOREACTORS OR FERMENTERS
    • C12M21/00Bioreactors or fermenters specially adapted for specific uses
    • C12M21/04Bioreactors or fermenters specially adapted for specific uses for producing gas, e.g. biogas
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C12BIOCHEMISTRY; BEER; SPIRITS; WINE; VINEGAR; MICROBIOLOGY; ENZYMOLOGY; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING
    • C12MAPPARATUS FOR ENZYMOLOGY OR MICROBIOLOGY; APPARATUS FOR CULTURING MICROORGANISMS FOR PRODUCING BIOMASS, FOR GROWING CELLS OR FOR OBTAINING FERMENTATION OR METABOLIC PRODUCTS, i.e. BIOREACTORS OR FERMENTERS
    • C12M23/00Constructional details, e.g. recesses, hinges
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C12BIOCHEMISTRY; BEER; SPIRITS; WINE; VINEGAR; MICROBIOLOGY; ENZYMOLOGY; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING
    • C12MAPPARATUS FOR ENZYMOLOGY OR MICROBIOLOGY; APPARATUS FOR CULTURING MICROORGANISMS FOR PRODUCING BIOMASS, FOR GROWING CELLS OR FOR OBTAINING FERMENTATION OR METABOLIC PRODUCTS, i.e. BIOREACTORS OR FERMENTERS
    • C12M23/00Constructional details, e.g. recesses, hinges
    • C12M23/34Internal compartments or partitions
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E50/00Technologies for the production of fuel of non-fossil origin
    • Y02E50/30Fuel from waste, e.g. synthetic alcohol or diesel
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/40Bio-organic fraction processing; Production of fertilisers from the organic fraction of waste or refuse

Abstract

The utility model relates to a device for treating the kitchen waste of restaurant, hotel or public institution; kitchen oil-containing sewage and production and domestic garbage. A kitchen waste treatment device comprises at least two oil separation tanks. A kitchen oil-containing sewage or kitchen waste inlet which is communicated with a first oil separation tank is provided. The bottom of an oil separation wall of each oil separation tank is provided with a passage opening. The tank body is simultaneously provided with a certain number of septic tanks and decomposition tanks. The septic tanks are separated from other septic tanks or decomposition tanks through ordure separation walls. The bottom of a last oil separation tank is provided with a passage opening which is communicated with the septic tanks. Each septic tank is communicated with one another through sewage openings provided at middle-upper part of the ordure separation walls. The kitchen waste treatment device can effectively separate sump oil, waste and ordure in the sewage out for naturally discharging the sewage after purification treatment. The discharged sewage reaches the national environmental emission standard. The separated drainage oil can be used by the hotel for benefit. The generated marsh gas can reduce the production cost. No energy or material is consumed in daily operation.

Description

The changing food waste treatment unit
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of restaurant, hotel or unit dining room changing food waste (being commonly called as swill), meal kitchen oily(waste)water and production, domestic garbage disposer, particularly relates to a kind of changing food waste treatment unit that is used for changing food waste (being commonly called as swill), meal kitchen oily(waste)water and production, the processing of domestic refuse corruption decomposing, purifying.
Background technology
Owing to be subjected to the driving of economic interests, the people of the smoked heart of some interests utilizes restaurant, dining room water drain buoyant grease and changing food waste to extract sewer oil, perhaps utilizes changing food waste to feed " rubbish pig ".It has been undisputable fact that current sewer oil or " rubbish pig " meat are back on people's dining table, the food safety that seriously jeopardizes compatriots.Though this phenomenon suffers the severe strike of various places government for many years but still remains incessant after repeated prohibition.
Sewer oil flows into water drain and causes water drain to stop up easily, so that the sewage outflow contaminate environment.Because changing food waste is handled more complicated, collect again relatively difficulty simultaneously, therefore also do not have the good treatment way at present.Reach 60,000,000 tons according to the annual changing food waste turnout in the document announcement whole nation, seriously injured environmental safety.Current meal kitchen oily water treatment technology adopts the oil trap in the national standard atlas usually, oil trap is because capacity simple in structure is little, restaurant's time for eating meals sewage discharge is concentrated, the sump oil that isolates is untimely to be pulled out and is washed away by current, if solid matter can not degenerate effectively decomposes and the sewage easier obstruction water drain of going together, handle the sewage grease content severe overweight that discharge the back through oil trap, more can not handle changing food waste.
The changing food waste treatment technology of present domestic comparative maturity is the biochemical process treatment technology, need establish changing food waste treatment plant collect behind the changing food waste through dehydration, deoil, ferment, physical and chemical processes such as oven dry, form solid matter and become feed, make sewer oil become industrial chemicals.But present changing food waste treatment plant is difficult to because facing following problem promote: the one, and changing food waste is collected difficult, and the restaurant considers that self economic interests is reluctant gratuitously to submit changing food waste; Its two changing food wastes treatment plant investment is big, and some districts and cities does not have fund to found the factory; The 3rd, changing food waste treatment plant operation difficulty.With the Zhengzhou City is example: take up an area of 15 mu in September, 2007, more than 2,000 ten thousand yuan of total infusion of financial resourcess, the changing food waste treatment plant that design day processing changing food waste is 50 tons, but, receipts were not forced to leave unused nearly 2 years after succeeding in the test run because not coming changing food waste, and in fact the restaurant in full street, urban district, Zhengzhou can produce more than 400 ton of changing food waste every day, such a treatment plant Zhengzhou City just needs ten, needs investment cost to reach two hundred million.If changing food waste treatment plant does not have government subsidy or do not collect restaurant's changing food waste disposal expense then hard to carry on, treatment plant's loss operation is of a specified duration must to stop production.
Current, the General Office of the State Council has put into effect about " strengthening the suggestion of sewer oil regulation and kitchen castoff management ", requires government department to strengthen management, and requires catering trade, unit dining room to install and builds oily-water seperating equipment.
Summary of the invention
The utility model proposes a kind of changing food waste treatment unit at the prior art deficiency, not only can handle changing food waste (being commonly called as swill), meal kitchen oily(waste)water, all right process for producing rubbish, toilet domestic refuse.
The technical scheme that the utility model adopted:
A kind of changing food waste treatment unit, contain the pond body, described pond body comprises at least two oil traps, described each oil trap series connection is communicated with, be communicated with first oil trap and be provided with meal kitchen oily(waste)water or changing food waste import, the oil removal wall bottom of each oil trap is provided with the porthole, be provided with the septic tank and the decomposing pool of some amount in the body of described pond simultaneously, pass through to separate between the described septic tank or between septic tank and the decomposing pool every the excrement wall, aforementioned last oil trap bottom is provided with the porthole and is communicated with septic tank, be communicated with by the sewage mouth that is located at every excrement wall middle and upper part between each septic tank, one of them septic tank is communicated with decomposing pool by the sewage mouth that is located at every excrement wall middle and upper part, be communicated with by the sewage mouth that is located at every excrement wall middle and upper part between each decomposing pool, aforementioned each sewage mouth upper end is lower than the pool inner water plane, last decomposing pool one upper lateral part is lower than meal kitchen oily(waste)water or changing food waste import horizontal plane is provided with sewage outlet, simultaneously, last decomposing pool one side is provided with natural pond fertilizer or sludge outlet, described oil trap top is provided with upper end cover, described septic tank and decomposing pool top seal.
Described changing food waste treatment unit, meal kitchen oily(waste)water or changing food waste ingress establish inspection chamber, inspection chamber exports a side and is communicated with meal kitchen oily(waste)water or changing food waste import, and ingress is provided with double-edged fine-toothed comb, and inspection chamber import one side is communicated with meal kitchen oily(waste)water discharge tube; Described inspection chamber top is provided with well head, and well head is provided with well lid.
Described changing food waste treatment unit, natural pond fertilizer or sludge outlet place are provided with inspection chamber, and the inspection chamber degree of depth is identical with the decomposing pool degree of depth, and inspection chamber bottom one side is provided with the porthole and is communicated with decomposing pool; The inspection chamber top is provided with well head, and well head is provided with well lid.
Described changing food waste treatment unit is communicated with one of them septic tank to be provided with and produces rubbish or straw import and biogas fairlead, and described decomposing pool and septic tank horizontal plane top are provided with the biogas connected entrance that is interconnected; Described production rubbish or straw ingress are provided with inspection chamber, inspection chamber bottom one side is communicated with septic tank, and port is lower than horizontal plane in the pond, and opposite side communicates with the toilet sanitary sewers, the inspection chamber bottom is the low slope shape of the high import in the outside, and the inspection chamber top is provided with well lid.
Described changing food waste treatment unit, the sewage outlet place is provided with the bilge discharge pipe road, and inboard, described bilge discharge pipe road is provided with channel bend, and the elbow lower end is lower than horizontal plane in the pond; Middle part, bilge discharge pipe road is provided with valve, and the valve switch operation handle arm exposes outside the body top seal lid of pond.
Described changing food waste treatment unit, the sewage outlet outside is provided with drowning well, and drowning downhole end is lower than the sewage outlet height and is provided with the water outlet that inserts sewage network, and the well top of falling into water is provided with well head, and well head is provided with well lid.
Useful positively effect of the present utility model:
1, the utility model changing food waste treatment unit by the oil removal wall, every the excrement wall with upper and lower oil removal district, sewage purification district, corruption district, the resolver of being divided into respectively of pond body, separation through the two poles of the earth changing food waste treatment unit, the sewage of discharging does not contain sump oil and other foreign material substantially, reaches state environmental emissioning standard.
2, the utility model changing food waste treatment unit is simple in structure, purifying treatment changing food waste, meal kitchen oily(waste)water are effective, the sump oil that isolates can extra earning, the biogas that produces can reduce production costs, natural pond fertilizer can be made organic fertilizer, thoroughly solved the water drain obstruction, rubbish is handled at any time on the spot and is reduced environmental pollution, has saved the disposal of garbage expense.
3, the utility model changing food waste treatment unit, can effectively the sump oil in the sewage, rubbish, ight soil be separated, making sewage purification handle the back discharges naturally, and can handle domestic refuse and produce rubbish such as dish leaf the like waste, there are not energy consumption, no material consumption in the day-to-day operation, disposable input, use cost are extremely low, and be economical and practical.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1: the utility model changing food waste treatment unit structural representation.
Embodiment
Embodiment one: referring to Fig. 1, the utility model changing food waste treatment unit, contain the pond body, described pond body comprises at least two oil traps 5, described each oil trap series connection is communicated with, be communicated with first oil trap and be provided with meal kitchen oily(waste)water or changing food waste import 1, oil removal wall 4 bottoms of each oil trap are provided with the porthole, be provided with the septic tank 6 and the decomposing pool 8 of some amount in the body of described pond simultaneously, pass through between the described septic tank or between septic tank and the decomposing pool to separate every excrement wall 7, aforementioned last oil trap bottom is provided with the porthole and is communicated with septic tank 6, be communicated with by the sewage mouth that is located at every excrement wall middle and upper part between each septic tank, one of them septic tank 6 is communicated with decomposing pool 8 by the sewage mouth that is located at every excrement wall middle and upper part, be communicated with by the sewage mouth that is located at every excrement wall middle and upper part between each decomposing pool, aforementioned each sewage mouth upper end is lower than the pool inner water plane, last decomposing pool one upper lateral part is lower than meal kitchen oily(waste)water or changing food waste import horizontal plane is provided with sewage outlet 9, simultaneously, last decomposing pool one side is provided with natural pond fertilizer or sludge outlet 12, oil trap 5 tops are provided with upper end cover, septic tank 6 and decomposing pool 8 top seals.
Embodiment two: referring to Fig. 1, present embodiment changing food waste treatment unit, basic structure is with embodiment one, what they were different is: at meal kitchen oily(waste)water or changing food waste import 1 place inspection chamber 3 is set, inspection chamber 3 outlets one side is communicated with meal kitchen oily(waste)water or changing food waste import, ingress is provided with double-edged fine-toothed comb, and inspection chamber 3 imports one side is communicated with meal kitchen oily(waste)water discharge tube 2; Described inspection chamber 3 tops are provided with well head, and well head is provided with well lid.
Embodiment three: referring to Fig. 1, present embodiment changing food waste treatment unit, basic structure is with embodiment one or embodiment two, and what they were different is: natural pond fertilizer or sludge outlet 12 places are provided with inspection chamber, the inspection chamber degree of depth is identical with the decomposing pool degree of depth, and inspection chamber bottom one side is provided with the porthole and is communicated with decomposing pool; The inspection chamber top is provided with well head, and well head is provided with well lid.
Embodiment four: referring to Fig. 1, present embodiment changing food waste treatment unit, basic structure is with embodiment one, what they were different with the various embodiments described above is: be communicated with one of them septic tank to be provided with and produce rubbish or straw import 14 and biogas fairlead 13, described decomposing pool and septic tank horizontal plane top are provided with the biogas connected entrance that is interconnected; Described production rubbish or straw import 14 places are provided with inspection chamber, inspection chamber bottom one side is communicated with septic tank, opposite side communicates with toilet sanitary sewers 15, and the inspection chamber bottom is the low slope shape of the high on the suction side in the outside, and the inspection chamber top is provided with well lid.
Embodiment five: referring to Fig. 1, and present embodiment changing food waste treatment unit, what they were different with embodiment four is: sewage outlet 9 places are provided with the bilge discharge pipe road, and inboard, described bilge discharge pipe road is provided with channel bend, and described channel bend lower end is lower than horizontal plane in the pond; Middle part, bilge discharge pipe road is provided with valve, and the valve switch operation handle arm exposes outside the body top seal lid of pond.
Embodiment six: referring to Fig. 1, present embodiment changing food waste treatment unit, what they were different with embodiment five is: sewage outlet 9 outsides are provided with the well 10 that falls into water, drowning well 10 lower ends are lower than the sewage outlet height and are provided with the water outlet 11 that inserts sewage network, drowning well 10 tops are provided with well head, and well head is provided with well lid.

Claims (8)

1. changing food waste treatment unit, contain the pond body, described pond body comprises at least two oil traps, described each oil trap series connection is communicated with, be communicated with first oil trap and be provided with meal kitchen oily(waste)water or changing food waste import, the oil removal wall bottom of each oil trap is provided with the porthole, it is characterized in that: the septic tank and the decomposing pool that are provided with some amount in the body of described pond simultaneously, pass through to separate between the described septic tank or between septic tank and the decomposing pool every the excrement wall, aforementioned last oil trap bottom is provided with the porthole and is communicated with septic tank, be communicated with by the sewage mouth that is located at every excrement wall middle and upper part between each septic tank, one of them septic tank is communicated with decomposing pool by the sewage mouth that is located at every excrement wall middle and upper part, be communicated with by the sewage mouth that is located at every excrement wall middle and upper part between each decomposing pool, aforementioned each sewage mouth upper end is lower than the pool inner water plane, last decomposing pool one upper lateral part is lower than meal kitchen oily(waste)water or changing food waste import horizontal plane is provided with sewage outlet, simultaneously, last decomposing pool one side is provided with natural pond fertilizer or sludge outlet, described oil trap top is provided with upper end cover, described septic tank and decomposing pool top seal.
2. changing food waste treatment unit according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: meal kitchen oily(waste)water or changing food waste ingress establish inspection chamber, inspection chamber exports a side and is communicated with meal kitchen oily(waste)water or changing food waste import, meal kitchen oily(waste)water or changing food waste ingress are provided with double-edged fine-toothed comb, and inspection chamber import one side is communicated with meal kitchen oily(waste)water discharge tube; Described inspection chamber top is provided with well head, and well head is provided with well lid.
3. changing food waste treatment unit according to claim 1 is characterized in that: natural pond fertilizer or sludge outlet place are provided with inspection chamber, and the inspection chamber degree of depth is identical with the decomposing pool degree of depth, and inspection chamber bottom one side is provided with the porthole and is communicated with decomposing pool; The inspection chamber top is provided with well head, and well head is provided with well lid.
4. changing food waste treatment unit according to claim 2 is characterized in that: natural pond fertilizer or sludge outlet place are provided with inspection chamber, and the inspection chamber degree of depth is identical with the decomposing pool degree of depth, and inspection chamber bottom one side is provided with the porthole and is communicated with decomposing pool; The inspection chamber top is provided with well head, and well head is provided with well lid.
5. according to each described changing food waste treatment unit of claim 1~4, it is characterized in that: be communicated with one of them septic tank to be provided with and produce rubbish or straw import and biogas fairlead, described decomposing pool and septic tank horizontal plane top are provided with the biogas connected entrance that is interconnected; Described production rubbish or straw ingress are provided with inspection chamber, and inspection chamber bottom one side is communicated with septic tank, and opposite side communicates with the toilet sanitary sewers, and the inspection chamber bottom is the low slope shape of the high import in the outside, and the inspection chamber top is provided with well lid.
6. changing food waste treatment unit according to claim 5 is characterized in that the sewage outlet place is provided with the bilge discharge pipe road, and inboard, described bilge discharge pipe road is provided with channel bend, and described channel bend lower end is lower than horizontal plane in the pond; Middle part, bilge discharge pipe road is provided with valve, and the valve switch operation handle arm exposes outside the body top seal lid of pond.
7. changing food waste treatment unit according to claim 5 is characterized in that: the sewage outlet outside is provided with drowning well, and drowning downhole end is lower than the sewage outlet height and is provided with the water outlet that inserts sewage network, and the well top of falling into water is provided with well head, and well head is provided with well lid.
8. changing food waste treatment unit according to claim 6 is characterized in that: the sewage outlet outside is provided with drowning well, and drowning downhole end is lower than the sewage outlet height and is provided with the water outlet that inserts sewage network, and the well top of falling into water is provided with well head, and well head is provided with well lid.
CN2010205147508U 2010-09-02 2010-09-02 Kitchen waste treatment device Expired - Fee Related CN201762221U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010205147508U CN201762221U (en) 2010-09-02 2010-09-02 Kitchen waste treatment device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010205147508U CN201762221U (en) 2010-09-02 2010-09-02 Kitchen waste treatment device

Publications (1)

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CN201762221U true CN201762221U (en) 2011-03-16

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2010205147508U Expired - Fee Related CN201762221U (en) 2010-09-02 2010-09-02 Kitchen waste treatment device

Country Status (1)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102180571A (en) * 2011-04-02 2011-09-14 柳建国 Method and system for biologically treating restaurant and kitchen garbage at high speed

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102180571A (en) * 2011-04-02 2011-09-14 柳建国 Method and system for biologically treating restaurant and kitchen garbage at high speed
CN102180571B (en) * 2011-04-02 2012-07-25 柳建国 Method and system for biologically treating restaurant and kitchen garbage at high speed

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GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20110316

Termination date: 20110902

C17 Cessation of patent right