CN201753947U - Hearth combined exhaust device and energy saving stove - Google Patents

Hearth combined exhaust device and energy saving stove Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201753947U
CN201753947U CN2010202778217U CN201020277821U CN201753947U CN 201753947 U CN201753947 U CN 201753947U CN 2010202778217 U CN2010202778217 U CN 2010202778217U CN 201020277821 U CN201020277821 U CN 201020277821U CN 201753947 U CN201753947 U CN 201753947U
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pan
energy
burner hearth
combustion
pot
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CN2010202778217U
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曾文洲
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B40/00Technologies aiming at improving the efficiency of home appliances, e.g. induction cooking or efficient technologies for refrigerators, freezers or dish washers

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a hearth combined exhaust device and an energy saving stove, and aims to provide a hearth combined exhaust device with low energy consumption, high gas utilization rate and good energy saving effect, and also provide an energy saving stove comprising the hearth combined exhaust device. The hearth combined exhaust device comprises a hearth (1), a pot (2) and a pot fixing device for supporting the pot (2), the upper surface of the hearth (1) is matched with the bottom of the pot (2) in shape, the hearth (1) is provided with a combustion center zone (11), a gap exhaust channel (4) is formed between the bottom of the pot (2) and the upper surface of the hearth (1), one end of the inner side of the gas exhaust channel (4) is communicated with the combustion center zone (11), and one end of the outer side of the gap exhaust channel is communicated with the external environment, and the height of the section narrowest position of the gap exhaust channel (4) in vertical direction is 0.5mm-40mm. the hearth combined exhaust device and the energy saving stove are widely applicable to stove field.

Description

Pot thorax combination exhaust device and energy-saving cooking
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of pot of thorax combination exhaust device and contains the energy-saving cooking of this device.
Background technology
Gas stove obtains using quite widely in places such as family, restaurants because result of use is good, efficient is high, but because gas stove is strong to the traditional energy dependence, thereby restricted further promoting the use of of gas stove, also therefore more and more higher to the energy-conservation requirement of gas stove, how to improve the utilization rate of combustion gas, promptly reducing the loss of heat, is present gas stove Study on Technology direction; Existing gas stove all adopts open exhaust emission device, and during use, the flame during fuel gas buring is exposed outside, cause a large amount of heat energy with toxic emission to outside, can not make full use of, thereby cause that the gas stove energy loss is big, the combustion gas utilization rate is low.
The application number that the applicant provides is 200810219601.6, the technical scheme that name is called cooking stove has solved the defective that flame exposes in the above-mentioned prior art, energy loss big, the combustion gas utilization rate is low, reach purpose of energy saving, yet in actual applications, also exposed its existing deficiency, in the combustion zone of body of heater, clearance adjuster is set in this cooking stove, described clearance adjuster needs boss and does basic could the connection, this is the loaded down with trivial details and consumptive material of relative complex in production and installation process, therefore, strengthen the difficulty of installing and using, and improved cost; This clearance adjuster makes the heating surface area undue concentration of pan in the bottom of a pan top region to a certain extent in actual use, because the installation of clearance adjuster depends on boss, so when needing to enlarge the heating surface area of pan, need the diameter of related expansion boss to realize, the result has enlarged the vertical space of the combustion zone that should not enlarge simultaneously, the increase of this director space does not meet the basic demand that stove and accessory is rapidly heated, and energy-saving efficiency will be reduced; And in actual applications the pan of long-term use of some pan such as flat pan or other and the pan that needn't adjust and market large usage quantity and fixed size in use, it is unnecessary that this clearance adjuster then becomes.
In sum, existing gas stove exists complex structure, cost height, the combustion gas utilization rate is lower, energy-saving effect is relatively poor technological deficiency.
The utility model content
Technical problem to be solved in the utility model is to overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, provides that a kind of energy loss is little, the pot thorax combination exhaust device of combustion gas utilization rate height, good energy-conserving effect and contain the energy-saving cooking of described pot thorax combination exhaust device.
The technical scheme that pot thorax combination exhaust device described in the utility model is adopted is: described pot thorax combination exhaust device comprises burner hearth, pan and support the pan fixture of described pan, the upper surface of described burner hearth and the bottom shape of described pan are suitable, described burner hearth is provided with the combustion centre district, gap between described pan bottom and the described burner hearth upper surface forms the exhaust passage, gap, the outside, exhaust passage, described gap one end is communicated with described combustion centre district, an inboard end is communicated with space outerpace, and the cross section of the described gap exhaust channel vertical direction height at narrow place is 0.5mm~40mm.
Optimally, described pan fixture can be arranged at least three thorax nails that are used to support described pan of described burner hearth upper surface.
Described pan fixture can also be a bracing frame, and support frame as described above comprises pillar, fixed frame, described pillar bottom and pot thorax combination exhaust outside connection of device, and described pillar top is connected with described fixed frame, and match with described fixed frame in described pan bottom.
The technical scheme that energy-saving cooking described in the utility model adopted is: described energy-saving cooking comprises furnace chamber, combustion chamber, blast tube, be respectively the air inlet area that is communicated with successively from bottom to top in the described furnace chamber, the mixed zone, the combustion zone, described air inlet area is provided with air intake, described air intake place is provided with blower fan, described blast tube extend into described mixed zone from described furnace chamber is outside through described air inlet area, be provided with combustion chamber between mixed zone in the described furnace chamber and the combustion zone, described pot thorax combination exhaust device is arranged on described furnace chamber top, described burner hearth is connected with described furnace chamber, and the combustion centre district of described burner hearth communicates with the combustion zone of described furnace chamber.
Optimally, described combustion chamber comprises seal plate, retainer ring, is provided with some support columns between described seal plate and the described retainer ring, twines high temperature resistant line on the described support column and forms the stove net.
Further optimally, described support column outer surface is provided with the coiling screw thread, and the high temperature resistant line of described stove net is wrapped on the described coiling screw thread.
Further optimize, be provided with flow homogenizer in the described air inlet area, the trapezoidal shape that the vertical cross-section of described flow homogenizer is big up and small down, described air inlet area inwall vertical cross-section is up-narrow and down-wide " eight " font.
Described energy-saving cooking also comprises the circulation size of controlling described blast tube and the controller of described rotation speed of fan; Described controller is provided with some gauge taps, and described gauge tap is electrically connected with described controller.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are: the upper surface of burner hearth described in the utility model and the bottom shape of described pan are suitable, described burner hearth is provided with the combustion centre district, gap between described pan bottom and the described burner hearth upper surface forms the exhaust passage, gap, the inboard end in exhaust passage, described gap is communicated with described combustion centre district, the outside one end is communicated with space outerpace, the cross section of the described gap exhaust channel vertical direction height at narrow place is 0.5mm~40mm, make exhaust passage, described gap constitute an airtight relatively flat narrow burning thus and add the heat conduction space, owing to the more airtight heat energy dissipation that makes in this space is few, temperature is higher, after being mixed into, the combustion gas of reasonable mixture ratio and air light easily, and obtain burning more fully, also impel the temperature in this space to promote rapidly simultaneously; The exhaust passage is a flat narrow slit of extending from inside to outside along the pan bottom, with pan have the long period and again closer distance carry out heat exchange, improved the validity of heat exchange; Also make simultaneously the heat energy of another part be stored in the burner hearth to treat usefulness again, because burner hearth and pan standoff distance are nearer, this part stores the heat energy that gets off and can be utilized once more effectively again.
In the energy-saving cooking described in the utility model, be provided with combustion chamber between mixed zone in the described furnace chamber and the combustion zone, described pot thorax combination exhaust device is arranged on described furnace chamber top, described burner hearth is connected with described furnace chamber, the combustion centre district of described burner hearth communicates with the combustion zone of described furnace chamber, utilize described burner hearth, pan and combustion chamber constitute an airtight relatively flat little space, this space obtains burning comparatively fully after the combustion gas of reasonable mixture ratio and air are mixed into, and impel the temperature of combustion zone to promote rapidly, exhaust gas discharging is controlled by appropriateness, the heat energy of following waste gas to discharge together reduces, to obtain good energy-saving effect.
In the energy-saving cooking described in the utility model, described combustion chamber comprises seal plate, retainer ring, be provided with some support columns between described seal plate and the described retainer ring, twine high temperature resistant line on the described support column and form the stove net, compared with prior art, combustion chamber processing and fabricating described in the utility model is simpler and easy, cost is lower, described combustion chamber is the interface between described combustion zone and the mixed zone, the stove net that combustion gas and air must pass described combustion chamber just can enter the combustion zone, described combustion chamber can effectively be avoided tempering and flame-out, improve security and stability that cooking stove uses, combustion gas is further mixed with air, when reasonable mixture ratio, produce burning more fully thereby reach both, simultaneously, can ensure again when combustion gas is burnt in airtight relatively flat little space and to remove from the pot and the frame pot does not take place to stop working and tempering.
In the energy-saving cooking described in the utility model, be provided with flow homogenizer in the described air inlet area, the big up and small down trapezoidal shape of described flow homogenizer vertical cross-section, described air inlet area inwall vertical cross-section is up-narrow and down-wide " eight " font, because the blower fan wind of producing by boasting enters described air inlet area from air intake, through after the turning to of 90 degree, the distribution in pipeline is uneven, usually the wind of reflection direction is comparatively concentrated, is unfavorable for firing air and mixes back burning fully.To this, the described flow homogenizer of the trapezoidal shape that vertical cross-section is big up and small down can make air-flow outwards disperse the back to be in vertical cross-section under the described air inlet area inwall contraction of up-narrow and down-wide " eight " font again to site polymerization through described flow homogenizer, quickening air-flow redistributes again, reach even cloth state when making it enter described mixed zone rapidly the wind that enters before the mixed zone is evenly distributed, ensure by the stove net after-burning sky mixture combustion of described combustion chamber more abundant.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a pot thorax combination exhaust device partial structurtes schematic diagram described in the utility model;
Fig. 2 is energy-saving cooking embodiment one structural representation described in the utility model;
Fig. 3 is energy-saving cooking embodiment two structural representations described in the utility model;
Fig. 4 is a combustion chamber structural representation described in the utility model;
Fig. 5 is burner hearth described in the utility model and the adaptive partial schematic diagram of pan.
The specific embodiment
Embodiment one:
As Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 4, shown in Figure 5, pot thorax combination exhaust device described in the utility model comprises burner hearth 1, pan 2 and support the pan fixture of described pan 2, in the present embodiment, described pan fixture adopts the thorax nail 12 that is arranged at least three of described burner hearth 1 upper surfaces, described thorax nail 12 supports with described pan 2 and cooperates, make the bottom of described pan 2 and the upper surface of described burner hearth 1 form certain interval, the bottom shape of the upper surface of described burner hearth 1 and described pan 2 is suitable, described burner hearth 1 centre position is provided with combustion centre district 11, gap between described pan 2 bottoms and described burner hearth 1 upper surface forms exhaust passage, gap 4, exhaust passage, described gap 4 inboard ends are communicated with described combustion centre district 11, the outside one end is communicated with space outerpace, the cross section of exhaust passage, the described gap 4 vertical direction height at narrow place is 0.5mm~40mm, wherein, 0.5mm~10mm is applicable to home furnace, 4mm~15mm is applicable to commercial stove, 10mm~40mm is applicable to industrial cooking stove, its concrete size is then decided by the size of cooking stove type and required combustion gas firepower, the height of the stir-fry stove of using as common restaurant can be made as 2~3mm, present embodiment is as in the home furnace, therefore, in the present embodiment, the cross section of exhaust passage, the described gap 4 vertical direction height value at narrow place is 0.5mm.
Energy-saving cooking described in the utility model comprises furnace chamber 5, blast tube 7, be respectively the air inlet area 51 that is communicated with successively from bottom to top in the described furnace chamber 5, mixed zone 52, combustion zone 53, described air inlet area 51 is provided with air intake 511, described air intake 511 places are provided with blower fan 512, described blower fan 512 is used to provide the power of air intake, described blast tube 7 extend into described mixed zone 52 from the described air inlet area 51 of described furnace chamber 5 outside processes, be provided with combustion chamber 8 between mixed zone 52 in the described furnace chamber 5 and the combustion zone 53, described combustion chamber 8 comprises seal plate 81, retainer ring 82, be provided with some support columns 83 between described seal plate 81 and the described retainer ring 82, described support column 83 outer surfaces are provided with the coiling screw thread, twine high temperature resistant line on the coiling screw thread of described support column 83 and form stove net 84, the high temperature resistant line that twines on the coiling screw thread of described support column 83 adopts the thicker high temperature resistant line in line footpath, the danger that can avoid high-temperature oxydation and be burnt, described pot thorax combination exhaust device is arranged on described furnace chamber 5 tops, described burner hearth 1 is connected with described furnace chamber 5 tops, and the combustion centre district 11 of described burner hearth 1 communicates with the combustion zone 53 of described furnace chamber 5.
Be provided with flow homogenizer 513 in the described air inlet area 51, the big up and small down trapezoidal shape of described flow homogenizer 513 vertical cross-section, described air inlet area 51 inwall vertical cross-section are up-narrow and down-wide " eight " font, the air-flow that described blower fan blows out enters described air inlet area 51 from described air intake 511, after producing 90 degree turnings, outwards disperse through described flow homogenizer 513 earlier, be under the described air inlet area 51 inwall contractions of up-narrow and down-wide " eight " font to site polymerization in vertical cross-section then, quicken air-flow and redistribute again, reach even cloth state when making it enter described mixed zone 52 rapidly the wind that enter before the mixed zone 52 are evenly distributed.
Energy-saving cooking described in the utility model also comprises controller 6, described controller 6 be used for the control connection fuel gas bottle described blast tube 7 circulation size and control the rotating speed of described blower fan 512; Described controller 6 is provided with some gauge taps 61, and described gauge tap 61 is electrically connected with described controller 6, described gauge tap 61 can be more convenient the operation of energy-saving cooking when using.
In the practical application, as required, can be in the mixed zone in described furnace chamber 5 cavitys 52 be provided with electronic striking pin 9, can also adopt other sparking mode certainly with combustion zone 53 intersections.
Embodiment two:
As shown in Figure 3, compare with embodiment one, the difference of present embodiment is: in the present embodiment, described pan fixture is a bracing frame, support frame as described above comprises pillar 13, fixed frame 14, described pillar 13 bottoms are connected with the described furnace chamber 5 of pot thorax combination exhaust device outside, described pillar 13 tops are connected with described fixed frame 14, match with described fixed frame 14 in described pan 2 bottoms, utilize support frame as described above that described pan is supported height together, make the bottom of described pan 2 and the upper surface of described burner hearth 1 form the gap; Present embodiment is as commercial stove, and the cross section of exhaust passage, the described gap 4 vertical direction height value at narrow place is 15mm, and other features of present embodiment are consistent with embodiment one.
Embodiment three:
In the present embodiment, the cross section of exhaust passage, the described gap 4 vertical direction height at narrow place is 40mm, and present embodiment uses as industrial cooking stove; Other features of present embodiment are identical with embodiment two; except that the embodiment that the utility model provides; utilize described pan fixture that described pan 2 is fixed the fixed form that can also adopt other; as adopt suspending way etc.; therefore; the mode that adopts other equivalences to replace all is covered by within the protection domain of the present utility model.
The utility model can be widely used in the stove and accessory field.

Claims (9)

1. pot thorax combination exhaust device, it is characterized in that: it comprises burner hearth (1), pan (2) and support the pan fixture of described pan (2), the bottom shape of the upper surface of described burner hearth (1) and described pan (2) is suitable, described burner hearth (1) is provided with combustion centre district (11), gap between described pan (2) bottom and described burner hearth (1) upper surface forms exhaust passage, gap (4), the inboard end in exhaust passage, described gap (4) is communicated with described combustion centre district (11), the outside one end is communicated with space outerpace, and the cross section of exhaust passage, described gap (4) the vertical direction height at narrow place is 0.5mm~40mm.
2. pot thorax combination exhaust device according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described pan fixture is for being arranged at least three thorax nails (12) that are used to support described pan (2) of described burner hearth (1) upper surface.
3. pot thorax combination exhaust device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described pan fixture is a bracing frame, support frame as described above comprises pillar (13), fixed frame (14), described pillar (13) bottom and pot thorax combination exhaust outside connection of device, described pillar (13) top is connected with described fixed frame (14), matches with described fixed frame (14) in described pan (2) bottom.
4. energy-saving cooking that contains described pot of thorax combination exhaust of claim 1 device, it is characterized in that: it comprises furnace chamber (5), blast tube (7), be respectively the air inlet area (51) that is communicated with successively from bottom to top in the described furnace chamber (5), mixed zone (52), combustion zone (53), described air inlet area (51) is provided with air intake (511), described air intake (511) locates to be provided with blower fan (512), described blast tube (7) extend into described mixed zone (52) from described furnace chamber (5) is outside through described air inlet area (51), be provided with combustion chamber (8) between mixed zone (52) in the described furnace chamber (5) and combustion zone (53), described pot thorax combination exhaust device is arranged on described furnace chamber (5) top, described burner hearth (1) is connected with described furnace chamber (5), and the combustion centre district (11) of described burner hearth (1) communicates with the combustion zone (53) of described furnace chamber (5).
5. energy-saving cooking according to claim 4, it is characterized in that: described combustion chamber (8) comprises seal plate (81), retainer ring (82), be provided with some support columns (83) between described seal plate (81) and the described retainer ring (82), described support column (83) is gone up and is twined high temperature resistant line formation stove net (84).
6. energy-saving cooking according to claim 5 is characterized in that: described support column (83) outer surface is provided with the coiling screw thread, and the high temperature resistant line of described stove net (84) is wrapped on the described coiling screw thread.
7. according to claim 4 or 5 or 6 described energy-saving cookings, it is characterized in that: be provided with flow homogenizer (513) in the described air inlet area (51), the big up and small down trapezoidal shape of described flow homogenizer (513) vertical cross-section, described air inlet area (51) inwall vertical cross-section is up-narrow and down-wide " eight " font.
8. energy-saving cooking according to claim 7 is characterized in that: described energy-saving cooking also comprises the circulation size of the described blast tube of control (7) and the controller (6) of described blower fan (512) rotating speed.
9. energy-saving cooking according to claim 8 is characterized in that: described controller (6) is provided with some gauge taps (61), and described gauge tap (61) is electrically connected with described controller (6).
CN2010202778217U 2010-07-30 2010-07-30 Hearth combined exhaust device and energy saving stove Expired - Lifetime CN201753947U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101936557A (en) * 2010-07-30 2011-01-05 曾文洲 Combined exhaust device of cooker chamber and energy-saving cooking stove

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101936557A (en) * 2010-07-30 2011-01-05 曾文洲 Combined exhaust device of cooker chamber and energy-saving cooking stove
CN101936557B (en) * 2010-07-30 2013-08-28 曾文洲 Combined exhaust device of cooker chamber and energy-saving cooking stove

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AV01 Patent right actively abandoned

Granted publication date: 20110302

Effective date of abandoning: 20130828

RGAV Abandon patent right to avoid regrant