CN201752201U - Miniature vegetable factory - Google Patents

Miniature vegetable factory Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201752201U
CN201752201U CN2010202568242U CN201020256824U CN201752201U CN 201752201 U CN201752201 U CN 201752201U CN 2010202568242 U CN2010202568242 U CN 2010202568242U CN 201020256824 U CN201020256824 U CN 201020256824U CN 201752201 U CN201752201 U CN 201752201U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
nutrient solution
factory
described
miniature size
system
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CN2010202568242U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
魏灵玲
杨其长
段发民
王利斌
葛一峰
李群
田利静
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北京中环易达设施园艺科技有限公司
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Priority to CN2010202568242U priority Critical patent/CN201752201U/en
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Publication of CN201752201U publication Critical patent/CN201752201U/en

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G31/00Soilless cultivation, e.g. hydroponics
    • A01G31/02Special apparatus therefor
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/20Reduction of greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions in agriculture
    • Y02P60/21N2O
    • Y02P60/212Reducing the use of fertilizers
    • Y02P60/216Aquaponics or hydroponics

Abstract

The utility model relates to a miniature vegetable factory, which belongs to vegetable production devices in the field of agricultural machinery. The miniature vegetable factory comprises a cabinet, a water culture device, an automatic nutrient solution circulating system, an air circulating system, a manual light filling system and an intelligent control system. In a closed environment, various environment factors can be controlled by different environment control systems, so that plants can grow in the optimum environmental condition, environmental conditions including light illumination, temperature, humidity, moisture, nutrition, CO2 and the like can be most suitable for plant growth, and vegetables growing in the vegetable factory are strong, high in yield and fine in quality. The miniature vegetable factory realizes intelligent control and automatic management, reduces labor intensity and labor time greatly, guarantees health and nutrient food and drinks for family life in the future, is an essential article for comfortable and convenient life of modern families, and can also be used as a greening ornament for family life, an air purifier, a natural oxygen bar and the like.

Description

A kind of miniature size vegetable factory

Technical field

The utility model relates to a kind of miniature size vegetable factory, is specially a kind of home-use miniature size vegetable production plant, belongs to the vegetables process units of agricultural mechanical field.

Background technology

Along with people's living standard progressively improve and to the change of food needs, health, green, environmental protection, life style is more and more paid attention to easily, health, nutrition, healthy food more and more are subjected to liking of people, and wherein the victual of green non-pollution, fresh cleaning is particularly important to people's the modern life.Become the important topic that people pay close attention to and how to produce this vegetables efficiently.

Plant factor is the tidemark of plant cultivation, it provides the suitable environment that grows for plant, integrated automatically, the environmental simulation technology of full intelligence is that the growth of plant creates best artificial environment with growing, and is a kind of production model controllable fully, that manage according to people's will.It is the highest a kind of agricultural production mode that intensifies, adopt the production model of complete batch production procedural style operation, all interference of extraneous climatic factor have been evaded, realized the accurate simulation of planting environment, quality of vegetable height, the output of being produced are good, have the incomparable advantage of traditional cultivation pattern.

The utility model content

The purpose of this utility model provides a kind of miniature size vegetable factory, miniature size vegetable of the present utility model factory is a kind of microphyte factory at family's exploitation, adopts totally enclosed type intelligent environment control system, and is exquisite attractive in appearance, convenient practicality, intelligence are controlled, convenient management.Both can well satisfy the basic need of people's daily life, can also realize the life of low-carbon (LC), intelligence, environmental protection, health as environment-friendly decorative product, air purifier, the natural oxygen-bar of family life to victual.In addition, it is abominable that this family vegetable works can be widely used in climatic environment, is not suitable for the zone of plant growing, as special areas such as desertization region, ocean naval vessels, polar regions, north and south, thereby satisfy the demand of specific group, human survival problem in arable land contributes in order to separate by no means.

For realizing the purpose of this utility model, take following technical scheme:

A kind of miniature size vegetable factory is characterized in that: comprise cabinet, culturing apparatus in paddy, nutrient solution automatic circulating system, air circulation system, artificial light filling system and intelligence control system are set in the cabinet.

A kind of optimized technical scheme is characterized in that: the front of described cabinet is made up of upper, middle, and lower part, and the back side of cabinet has an interlayer, and the bottommost of cabinet is provided with wheel.

The top in the front of described cabinet, the inner PLC (programmable logic controller (PLC)) that installs, a surperficial side is provided with human-computer interaction interface, and opposite side is provided with service ports, and service ports is sealed so that screw is fixing with steel plate.

The middle part in the front of described cabinet is a cultivating chamber, has the door that three fans are pulled outwardly.Culturing apparatus in paddy and artificial light filling system are set in the cultivating chamber.

The bottom in the front of described cabinet install an air-conditioner system, nutrient solution case and water pump have the door that three fans are pulled outwardly.

Air-return duct, air inlet duct, heat dissipation wind channel, feed pipe and liquid back pipe are set in the interlayer of described cabinet, and the interlayer top is provided with venthole, and thickness of interlayer is 10cm.

A kind of optimized technical scheme, it is characterized in that: described culturing apparatus in paddy comprises water-cultivating groove and field planting cover plate, described water-cultivating groove is respectively equipped with feed flow hole and hole for back flow in the side, on the bottom surface, be provided with outage, described field planting cover plate is provided with field planting hole, vertically is placed on the water-cultivating groove.

Described water-cultivating groove depth 10cm, longitudinal length is 50cm, and lateral length is 180cm, and the aperture of described feed flow hole and hole for back flow is 3-8cm, and the aperture of outage is 3-6cm.

Described field planting cover plate longitudinal length is 51cm, and lateral length is 20cm, and vertical every interval 10cm is provided with the field planting hole that diameter is 2.5cm, places 9 field planting cover plates on each water-cultivating groove.

Described water-cultivating groove is that stainless steel or PVC material are made, and described field planting cover plate is that high-density foam material is made.

A kind of optimized technical scheme, it is characterized in that: described nutrient solution automatic circulating system comprises water-cultivating groove, nutrient solution case, water pump, feed pipe, liquid back pipe, detector, PLC, automatic liquid mixing system and nutrient solution forced-ventilated pipeline, water pump places in the nutrient solution case, the feed pipe bottom is connected with water pump, nutrient solution flows in the water-cultivating groove by feed pipe, flow back to the nutrient solution case by liquid back pipe again, automatic liquid mixing system links to each other with the nutrient solution case by pipeline, the forced-ventilated pipeline links to each other with feed pipe, and the forced-ventilated valve is installed on it.

Described automatic liquid mixing system comprises dispensing box and measuring pump, and dispensing box links to each other with measuring pump by pipeline, and dosing pump links to each other with the nutrient solution case by pipeline.Nutrient solution can be realized automatic preparation.

The feed flow valve is installed on the described feed pipe.Can regulate the feed flow flow velocity.

Described nutrient solution automatic circulating system also comprises the stirring pipeline, and described stirring pipeline one end is connected near on the feed pipe of nutrient solution case, and the other end links to each other with the nutrient solution case, stirs to install on the pipeline and stirs valve.

Described nutrient solution automatic circulating system also comprises water-supply line, and described water-supply line links to each other with the nutrient solution case, and feed-water valve is installed on it.

Detector can be monitored every indexs such as pH, EC, dissolved oxygen, the liquid level of nutrient solution in the casing in real time, and various Monitoring Data are sent to PLC, by PLC automatic liquid mixing system is controlled, realized the adjusting of parameters, guarantee that parameters adapts to the vegetable growth demand.

A kind of optimized technical scheme, it is characterized in that: described air circulation system comprises the cultivating chamber internal gas circulatory system and the cultivating chamber and the ambient atmos circulatory system, the internal gas circulatory system comprises air channel and air-conditioning system, the air channel is connected with air-conditioning system, and the cultivating chamber and the ambient atmos circulatory system comprise air admission hole, venthole and heat dissipation wind channel.

Described air channel is distributed in the back side interlayer of miniature size vegetable factory cabinet, is provided with three air channels, and middle air channel is an air inlet duct, and the air channel of both sides is an air-return duct.

On the described air inlet duct screen pack is installed, the air inlet duct top links to each other with blower fan.

Described air-conditioning system comprises blower fan and compressor bank, is positioned at the bottom of miniature size vegetable factory cabinet.

Described air admission hole is distributed in miniature size vegetable factory cabinet side, and venthole is distributed in miniature size vegetable factory cabinet top, and venthole and air admission hole diameter are 3-6cm.

A kind of optimized technical scheme, it is characterized in that: described artificial light filling system comprises plant growth light source, illumination detector and PLC, described plant growth light source is installed in the top of every layer of cultivating chamber of miniature size vegetable factory, and plant growth light source is spaced equably.

Described plant growth light source is LED plant growth lamp and fluorescent lamp, and LED plant growth lamp and fluorescent lamp laterally or are vertically alternately arranged, and the fluorescent tube spacing is 8-12cm.

Top in described cultivating chamber two sides with plant growth light source sustained height place, is provided with the light source heat radiation hole.

The spacing of described louvre is 6-10cm, and the louvre diameter is 4cm-6cm.

Light source heat division board is set below plant growth light source.

Described light source heat division board is positioned at 1-2cm place, plant growth light source below, adopts transparent acrylic board to make.

Be provided with the illumination detector in miniature size vegetable factory in the cultivating chamber of vegetable growth, the illumination detector is being in the plant light filling process, can collect the information such as intensity of illumination, illumination frequency, periodicity of illumination of light source, and these information are transferred in the PLC at miniature size vegetable factory top, PLC can regulate and control the every index of light source in real time according to the best illumination parameter of setting according to plant growth characteristics in advance, makes every illumination index be fit to the growth and development of plants requirement.

The intelligence control system of a kind of miniature size vegetable factory, it is characterized in that: comprise sensor, PLC (programmable logic controller (PLC)), human-computer interaction interface and executing agency, sensor, human-computer interaction interface and executing agency link to each other with PLC respectively.

Described sensor comprises pH sensor, EC (electrical conductivity) sensor, liquid level sensor, liquid temperature sensor, humidity sensor, temperature sensor, carbon dioxide sensor, optical sensor etc.

Described human-computer interaction interface is HMI (man-machine interface) display screen.

Described executing agency comprises light compensating apparatus, supplies back liquid and water feeding and draining device and environment control unit etc.

Intelligence control system also comprises camera and watch-dog, and camera links to each other with watch-dog by network.Camera is installed in the cultivating chamber of miniature size vegetable factory, realizes remote monitoring by monitor.

Beneficial effect: this miniature size vegetable production plant can by the regulation and control of each environmental control system to each envirment factor, grow plant, illumination, temperature, humidity, moisture, nutrition, CO in the environment of sealing under optimum environmental condition 2All reach the most suitable state of plant growing etc. environmental condition, the vegetables of production are healthy and strong, output height, quality better.In addition, the vegetables that in airtight space, grow, plant isolates fully with the external world in the process of growth, effectively prevented germ, reduce the occurrence probability of damage by disease and insect greatly, therefore can realize that vegetables do not have the production of agricultural chemicals, thereby reached standard pollution-free, that the nuisanceless green vegetables produce.In addition, this airtight environment makes vegetables not be subjected to the influence of external environment, no matter illumination, temperature, humidity, CO that season and weather cause 2Can not change the environmental condition of vegetable works inside Deng the change of external environment condition, growth and development of plants can not be subjected to a bit influence, the continuous batch production production of property performance period.

In addition, this system has realized intelligent control, automatic management, greatly reduced the labour, labour intensity and working time have greatly been reduced, it is the assurance of the health-nutrition diet of following family life, be the necessary article of the comfortable convenient life of Modern Family, can also be as the environment-friendly decorative product of family life, air purifier, natural oxygen-bar etc.

Amid all these factors, this family vegetable works can satisfy the suitableeest growth and development environment requirement for vegetables, and by operation readiness, the control of intelligence can be produced fresh, green non-pollution vegetables, satisfies the demand of family daily life diet to vegetables.

Below by the drawings and specific embodiments the utility model is described further, but and does not mean that restriction the utility model protection domain.

Description of drawings

Fig. 1 is the structural representation of miniature size vegetable factory cabinet.

Fig. 2 is a miniature size vegetable factory cabinet interior schematic diagram.

Fig. 3 is a miniature size vegetable factory cabinet sandwich schematic diagram.

Embodiment

Family's vegetable works, its primary structure comprises cabinet, and culturing apparatus in paddy, nutrient solution automatic circulating system, air circulation system, artificial light filling system and intelligence control system are set in the cabinet.

Miniature size vegetable factory cabinet, length 180cm, wide 70cm, high 225cm, stock are stainless steel material.The structure of miniature size vegetable factory cabinet as shown in Figure 1, wherein 1 is cultivating chamber, 2 is glass door, 3 is wheel, 4 is human-computer interaction interface, 5 is the glass door handle.The cabinet bottommost is provided with four wheels that are free to slide 3, conveniently moving.The front of cabinet is made up of upper, middle, and lower part, and the back side of cabinet has an interlayer.Is the top in cabinet front from cabinet 200cm to cabinet top place, this part height is 150mm, be stainless steel structure, the inner PLC (programmable logic controller (PLC)) that installs, one side is provided with human-computer interaction interface 4, and opposite side is provided with service ports, and service ports is fixed, sealed with screw with steel plate, can dismantle, be convenient to maintenance.From cabinet 50cm is the middle part in cabinet front to the zone at 200cm place up, and this part is vegetable growing chamber 1, and inner two dividing plates up and down that are provided with are divided into upper, middle and lower-ranking with cultivating chamber 1.Have the glass door 2 that three fans are pulled outwardly, the peripheral 5cm of every fan door is a stainless steel structure, and remainder is a glass structure, sees through glass and can observe directly cultivating chamber implants growing state.The offside door layback of can turning left is opened, and intermediate door and offside door split around.Comprise a glass door handle 5 on every fan glass door.From wheel top cabinet feather edge upwards to cabinet 50cm be the bottom in cabinet front, this part comprises three doors that are pulled outwardly of fan, and every fan Men Douwei stainless steel material, the offside door layback of can turning left is opened, intermediate door and offside door split around, and comprise the leader on every fan door.Inside install an air-conditioner system, nutrient solution case and water pump are opened door, can check air-conditioning system and nutrient solution case situation and pump operation situation.

The confession of culturing apparatus in paddy and nutrient solution, back liquid pipeline are set in every layer of cultivating chamber.Culturing apparatus in paddy comprises water-cultivating groove and field planting cover plate, and the water-cultivating groove is connected with the nutrient solution case with liquid back pipe by feed pipe, realizes the automatic supply of nutrient solution.Water-cultivating groove depth 10cm, longitudinal length are 53cm, and lateral length is 176cm; Every layer of water-cultivating groove is provided with feed flow hole and the hole for back flow that the aperture is 3cm on the right side, the feed flow hole directly is connected with feed pipe, and hole for back flow directly links to each other with liquid back pipe, thereby realizes the supply and the discharging of nutrient solution.In addition, water-cultivating trench bottom one side is provided with outage, and the aperture is 6cm, and in the plant cultivation process, outage is blocked with stopper, for the replacing of carrying out the cultivating groove nutrient solution and the cleaning of cultivating groove, opens stopper, can realize that liquid discharges by force.Field planting cover plate longitudinal length is 51cm, and lateral length is 20cm, and vertical every interval 10cm is provided with the field planting hole that diameter is 2.5cm on each field planting cover plate, can vertically place 9 field planting cover plates on every layer of water-cultivating groove, can be with the direct field planting of plant in field planting hole.Water-cultivating groove material is stainless steel or PVC material, and the field planting cover plate materials is a high-density foam material.

The nutrient solution automatic circulating system of miniature size vegetable factory comprises water-cultivating groove, nutrient solution case, water pump, feed pipe, liquid back pipe, detector, PLC, automatic liquid mixing system and nutrient solution forced-ventilated pipeline etc.Automatic circulation feed flow, the nutrient solution that can realize nutrient solution prepared and function such as liquid level auto-control automatically.The nutrient solution case is positioned at miniature size vegetable factory orlop, and water pump places in the nutrient solution case, and feed pipe and liquid back pipe vertically are arranged in cultivating chamber interlayer one side side by side.The feed pipe bottom is connected with water pump, and the other end is connected with feed flow hole on every layer of cultivating chamber water-cultivating groove, and nutrient solution directly is passed in the water-cultivating groove of plant cultivation chamber by feed pipe, realizes the supply of plant nutrition.Liquid back pipe one end is communicated with hole for back flow on every layer of cultivating chamber water-cultivating groove, and the bottom links to each other with the nutrient solution case, and when liquid level surpassed certain altitude, unnecessary nutrient solution directly flowed back to the nutrient solution case by liquid back pipe, thereby realizes that nutrient solution returns liquid, circulation automatically.Be equipped with the feed flow valve on the every feed pipe, can regulate the feed flow flow velocity.Feed pipe and liquid back pipe adopt the UPVC pipe.Automatic liquid mixing system links to each other with the nutrient solution case by pipeline, and automatic liquid mixing system comprises dispensing box and measuring pump, and dispensing box links to each other with measuring pump by pipeline, and dosing pump links to each other with the nutrient solution case by pipeline.Nutrient solution can be realized automatic preparation.Dispensing box is equipped with A liquid, B liquid, C liquid respectively, each dispensing box links to each other with measuring pump, and dosing pump directly links to each other with the nutrient solution case by pipeline, according to the nutrient solution configuration proportion of default, dosing pump flows directly into the nutrient solution case with every kind of component solution, and the realization nutrient solution is prepared automatically.This system is provided with nutrient solution forced-ventilated pipeline, links to each other with feed pipe, and the forced-ventilated valve is installed on it.Can realize the discharging by force of nutrient solution.When nutrient solution need be changed, open the forced-ventilated valve, realize that nutrient solution discharges by force.The nutrient solution case is provided with the highest liquid level and minimum liquid level, and when the nutrient solution liquid level was higher than the highest liquid level, system will discharge by force to nutrient solution, and when liquid level is lower than minimum liquid level, system will carry out the automatic supply of nutrient solution.In addition, this system also is provided with the stirring pipeline, stirs pipeline one end and is connected near on the feed pipe of nutrient solution case, and the other end links to each other with the nutrient solution case, stirs to install on the pipeline and stirs valve.Open the stirring valve, can the nutrient solution of preparation be stirred, make various nutrient preparations evenly.This system also is provided with water-supply line, and water-supply line links to each other with the nutrient solution case, and feed-water valve is installed on it.Water-supply line is arranged on nutrient solution case one end, by the control feed-water valve, can directly water be flowed in the nutrient solution, realizes the dilution to the high concentration nutrient solution.

The air circulation system of miniature size vegetable factory comprises the cultivating chamber internal gas circulatory system and the cultivating chamber and the ambient atmos circulatory system, the internal gas circulatory system comprises air channel and air-conditioning system, the air channel is connected with air-conditioning system, and the cultivating chamber and the ambient atmos circulatory system comprise air admission hole, venthole and heat dissipation wind channel.Air admission hole is distributed in miniature size vegetable factory cabinet side, and venthole is distributed in miniature size vegetable factory cabinet top, and air admission hole and venthole diameter are 3-6cm, and heat dissipation wind channel is wide to be 5cm.Be provided with three air channels, middle air channel is an air inlet duct, and the air channel of both sides is an air-return duct, and the size of each air inlet duct and air-return duct is: high 31cm, wide 15cm.Air-conditioning system comprises blower fan and compressor bank, is positioned at the bottom of miniature size vegetable factory cabinet.Screen pack is installed on the air inlet duct, and the air inlet duct top links to each other with blower fan, drives gas communication in the cultivating chamber, and last indoor gas is realized and outdoor exchange gas circulation and heat discharging by vegetable works top venthole.The lower backside of cabinet is provided with air-conditioning air inlet and air-conditioning return air inlet.Every layer of cultivating chamber laying temperature detector, according to the plant growing feature, set suitable plant growing temperature, when the cultivating chamber temperature was not suitable for growth and development of plants, air-conditioning started heating or refrigeration unit automatically, hot gas or cold air are directly fed air inlet duct from bottom of cabinet bulk, enter the cabinet top, drive by blower fan, hot blast or cold wind circulate by air channel, cabinet both sides, thereby improve or reduction cultivating chamber temperature, make the cultivating chamber temperature be fit to growth and development of plants.Simultaneously, gas flows into cultivating chamber by air inlet, flows out by venthole, realizes outdoor and the indoor gas exchange, has ensured the good gas condition of plant growing.

As shown in Figure 2, be miniature size vegetable factory cabinet interior schematic diagram.Wherein 11 is cabinet, and 12 is venthole, and 13 is human-computer interaction interface, and 14 is the water-cultivating groove, and 15 is the air channel, and 16 is the nutrient solution case, and 17 is air-conditioning system.

As shown in Figure 3, be miniature size vegetable factory cabinet sandwich schematic diagram.Wherein 21 is cabinet back side corrosion resistant plate, and 22 is air-return duct, and 23 is air inlet duct, and 24 is air admission hole, and 25 is the light source heat radiation air channel, and 26 is air-conditioning system, and 27 is feed pipe, and 28 is liquid back pipe, and 29 is the nutrient solution case.

Artificial light filling system comprises plant growth light source, illumination detector and PLC, and plant growth light source is installed in the top of every layer of cultivating chamber of miniature size vegetable factory, and plant growth light source is spaced equably.Plant growth light source comprises LED plant growth lamp and fluorescent lamp, transversely arranged, be provided with 6 tubes altogether, comprise red LED plant growing fluorescent tube, blue led plant growing fluorescent tube and conventional fluorescent lamps pipe, each two, alternately staggering evenly distributes, the every long 170cm of fluorescent tube, the fluorescent tube spacing is 10cm, and the top of two sides about cultivating chamber is with the fluorescent tube sustained height place of LED plant growth lamp and fluorescent lamp, the light source heat radiation hole is set, totally 6, pitch of holes is generally 10cm, and bore dia is 6cm, light source is in the process of plant light filling, the a part of heat that produces can be discharged by this hole, and it is too high to avoid cultivating indoor temperature.1cm place below distance L ED plant growth lamp and fluorescent lamp, one light source heat division board is housed, long 1.8cm, wide 60cm, heat division board material adopts transparent acrylic board, can well avoid of the conduction of the heat of light source generation, make the environmental temperature of plant growing maintain constant relatively scope to following vegetables.The illumination detector places in the cultivating chamber, sets parameters such as suitable light intensity, light quality, photoperiod by intelligence control system according to the plant illumination demand characteristics.The illumination detector can be collected in in the plant light filling process, information such as the intensity of illumination of light source, illumination frequency, periodicity of illumination, and these information are transferred in the PLC at miniature size vegetable factory top, the best illumination parameter that does not meet the plant growth characteristics setting when the illumination information parameter is real-time, PLC regulates and control the every index of light source, makes every illumination index be fit to the growth and development of plants requirement.

The intelligence control system of miniature size vegetable factory comprises sensor, PLC (programmable logic controller (PLC)), human-computer interaction interface and executing agency, and sensor, human-computer interaction interface and executing agency link to each other with PLC respectively.Sensor comprises pH sensor, EC (electrical conductivity) sensor, liquid level sensor, humidity sensor, temperature sensor, carbon dioxide sensor, optical sensor etc.Executing agency comprises light compensating apparatus, supplies back liquid and water feeding and draining device and environment control unit etc.Intelligence control system can be carried out Based Intelligent Control to all kinds of envirment factors in the miniature size vegetable factory.The sensor of every envirment factor can be monitored in real time to the pH in the miniature size vegetable factory, EC, liquid level, humidity, temperature, carbonic acid gas, illumination etc., and the analog signal that the data transaction of collection becomes PLC to read is shown on the human-computer interaction interface more in real time.The HMI display screen is a touch-screen, shows real time data and historical data on touch-screen.Can on touch-screen, set the systematic parameter of suitable growth and development of plants, PLC rationally handles the data of gathering according to the systematic parameter of setting, to light compensating apparatus, supply back liquid and water feeding and draining device and environment control unit etc. to adjust and control, make every environmental parameter reach the growth and development of plants requirement, the flexible adjustable of realization system.In addition, at the drift angle of every layer of cultivating chamber of miniature size vegetable factory one 360 degree camera probe is installed, the image of taking is transferred on the PC by network, can realize the remote image transmission, monitor vegetable growth situation in the miniature size vegetable factory in real time by the far-end PC, grasp the growth progress of plant in real time.

Claims (10)

1. a miniature size vegetable factory is characterized in that: comprise cabinet, culturing apparatus in paddy, nutrient solution automatic circulating system, air circulation system, artificial light filling system and intelligence control system are set in the cabinet.
2. miniature size vegetable according to claim 1 factory, it is characterized in that: the front of described cabinet is made up of upper, middle, and lower part, and the back side of cabinet has an interlayer, and the bottommost of cabinet is provided with wheel.
3. miniature size vegetable according to claim 1 factory, it is characterized in that: described culturing apparatus in paddy comprises water-cultivating groove and field planting cover plate, described water-cultivating groove is respectively equipped with feed flow hole and hole for back flow in the side, on the bottom surface, be provided with outage, described field planting cover plate is provided with field planting hole, vertically is placed on the water-cultivating groove.
4. miniature size vegetable according to claim 1 factory, it is characterized in that: described nutrient solution automatic circulating system comprises water-cultivating groove, nutrient solution case, water pump, feed pipe, liquid back pipe, detector, PLC, automatic liquid mixing system and nutrient solution forced-ventilated pipeline, water pump places in the nutrient solution case, the feed pipe bottom is connected with water pump, nutrient solution flows in the water-cultivating groove by feed pipe, flow back to the nutrient solution case by liquid back pipe again, automatic liquid mixing system links to each other with the nutrient solution case by pipeline, the forced-ventilated pipeline links to each other with feed pipe, and the forced-ventilated valve is installed on it.
5. miniature size vegetable according to claim 4 factory, it is characterized in that: described nutrient solution automatic circulating system also comprises the stirring pipeline, described stirring pipeline one end is connected near on the feed pipe of nutrient solution case, and the other end links to each other with the nutrient solution case, stirs to install on the pipeline and stirs valve.
6. miniature size vegetable according to claim 4 factory, it is characterized in that: described nutrient solution automatic circulating system also comprises water-supply line, described water-supply line links to each other with the nutrient solution case, and feed-water valve is installed on it.
7. miniature size vegetable according to claim 1 factory, it is characterized in that: described air circulation system comprises the cultivating chamber internal gas circulatory system and the cultivating chamber and the ambient atmos circulatory system, the internal gas circulatory system comprises air channel and air-conditioning system, the air channel is connected with air-conditioning system, and the cultivating chamber and the ambient atmos circulatory system comprise air admission hole, venthole and heat dissipation wind channel.
8. miniature size vegetable according to claim 1 factory, it is characterized in that: described artificial light filling system comprises plant growth light source, illumination detector and PLC, described plant growth light source is installed in the top of every layer of cultivating chamber of miniature size vegetable factory, and plant growth light source is spaced equably.
9. miniature size vegetable according to claim 1 factory, it is characterized in that: described intelligence control system comprises sensor, PLC, human-computer interaction interface and executing agency, sensor, human-computer interaction interface and executing agency link to each other with PLC respectively.
10. miniature size vegetable according to claim 1 factory, it is characterized in that: described intelligence control system also comprises camera and watch-dog, camera links to each other with watch-dog by network.
CN2010202568242U 2010-07-05 2010-07-05 Miniature vegetable factory CN201752201U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN2010202568242U CN201752201U (en) 2010-07-05 2010-07-05 Miniature vegetable factory
PCT/CN2011/075135 WO2012003750A1 (en) 2010-07-05 2011-06-02 A micro-production system for vegetable

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
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Cited By (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2012003750A1 (en) * 2010-07-05 2012-01-12 北京中环易达设施园艺科技有限公司 A micro-production system for vegetable
WO2012003752A1 (en) * 2010-07-05 2012-01-12 北京中环易达设施园艺科技有限公司 Portable cabinet for micro-vegetable production system
WO2012003756A1 (en) * 2010-07-05 2012-01-12 北京中环易达设施园艺科技有限公司 Automatic nutrient solution circulation system for micro-vegetable production system
WO2012003753A1 (en) * 2010-07-05 2012-01-12 北京中环易达设施园艺科技有限公司 Portable hydroponics box for micro-vegetable factory
WO2012003751A1 (en) * 2010-07-05 2012-01-12 北京中环易达设施园艺科技有限公司 Air circulation system for miniature vegetable production system
WO2012100481A1 (en) * 2011-01-26 2012-08-02 北京中环易达设施园艺科技有限公司 Transparent-type household plant production system
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