CN201726166U - Electric vehicle charging system - Google Patents

Electric vehicle charging system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201726166U
CN201726166U CN2010202255248U CN201020225524U CN201726166U CN 201726166 U CN201726166 U CN 201726166U CN 2010202255248 U CN2010202255248 U CN 2010202255248U CN 201020225524 U CN201020225524 U CN 201020225524U CN 201726166 U CN201726166 U CN 201726166U
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China
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switch
battery
end
electric vehicle
charging
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CN2010202255248U
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Chinese (zh)
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丁勇
吴旭峰
李书福
李传海
杨健
杨安志
赵福全
雒小丹
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浙江吉利汽车研究院有限公司;浙江吉利控股集团有限公司
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Abstract

The utility model discloses an electric vehicle charging system, which mainly solves the technical problem of the conventional electric vehicle charging system that unsafe factors and electric energy waste are caused by the fact that a vehicle key has to be left on the ACC gear of a key port during charging. The main technical scheme of the electric vehicle charging system is that the electric vehicle charging system comprises a charging device, a storage battery, a battery management system, other vehicle-mounted electronic systems, a key port switch and a single-pole double-throw switch, wherein the charging device is connected with the storage battery in parallel, a common end (s) of the single-pole double-throw switch is connected to one end of the battery management system, a switching end (a) of the single-pole double-throw switch is connected to the cathode of the storage battery, a switching end (b) of the single-pole double-throw switch is connected to an end (d) of the key port switch, an end (c) of the key port switch is connected to the cathode of the storage battery, and the other end of the battery management system is connected to the anode of the storage battery. The single-pole double-throw switch is additionally arranged, so as to achieve higher safety and energy conservation during the charging of an electric vehicle.

Description

一种电动车辆充电系统 An electric vehicle charging system

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本实用新型涉及电动车辆技术领域,更具体的说,本实用新型涉及一种更为安全和节能的电动车辆充电系统。 [0001] The present invention relates to a technical field of electric vehicles, and more particularly, the present invention relates to a safer and more energy-efficient electric vehicle charging system.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 目前,全球能源的日益紧张和环境的日益恶化,带动了新型交通工具一电动汽车的高速发展。 [0002] Currently, the increasingly tense and deteriorating global energy environment, led to the rapid development of a new type of vehicle electric vehicles. 由于蓄电池容量的限制,电动车辆需要频繁充电,但电动车辆在充电过程中, 电池管理系统与充电装置之间需要进行通信,来控制整个充电过程,目前的解决办法是:电动车辆在充电时将车辆钥匙保留在钥匙门开关5'的ACC档上,使电池管理系统3'供电回路处于导通状态,如图2所示。 Due to the limitation of battery capacity, the need for frequent charging the electric vehicle, but the electric vehicle charging process, the need for communication between the charging device and a battery management system, to control the whole charging process, the current solution is: while charging the electric vehicle retention vehicle key 'file on ACC, the battery management system 3' in the power supply circuit 5 switches door key in the oN state, as shown in FIG.

[0003] 公告日为2008年3月12日,公告号为CN 101141070A的中国专利公开了一种新型智能电机电池控制系统,在电动车/电动摩托车/电动自行车的蓄电池组、电机、控制器原有连接关系的基础上,增加了蓄电池的管理系统,并在电机内部设置状态监视和通讯控制模块,同时,控制器也增加了和蓄电池管理系统及电机的通讯控制模块。 [0003] announcement date is March 12, 2008, Notice No. CN 101141070A of Chinese patent discloses a novel battery intelligent motor control systems, electric vehicles / electric motorcycle / electric bicycle batteries, motors, controllers on the basis of the original connection relationship, an increase of the battery management system, and is provided inside the motor control module and communication status monitoring, Meanwhile, the controller increases the motor and the battery management system and a communication control module. 该新型智能电机电池控制系统虽然通过电池管理系统对电池组整体的充电过程进行了控制,但是电动车辆充电需要将车辆钥匙保留在钥匙门的ACC档上,为电池管理系统提供电源,这样会存在两个问题:一、电动车辆充电时间一般较长,此过程中如果人员离开车辆而钥匙留在车内, 便增加了车辆不安全因素;二、钥匙处于ACC档上,其他车载电子系统及电器部件也都被供电,造成了电能的浪费。 Although this new intelligent motor battery control system by a battery management system for the entire battery charging process control, but the electric vehicle charging need vehicle key retained in the ACC shift key to the door, to provide power to the battery management system, so that there will be two questions: First, the electric vehicle charging time is generally longer, this procedure if people leave the vehicle and leave the keys in the car, the vehicle will increase insecurity; Second, the key is in the ACC files, other automotive electronic systems and appliances also powered member, resulting in a waste of energy.

实用新型内容 SUMMARY

[0004] 本实用新型主要解决现有电动车充电系统在充电时车辆钥匙必须保留在钥匙门的ACC档上而带来的不安全因素和电能浪费的技术问题;提供一种充电时车辆钥匙不需要保留在钥匙门上,更为安全和节能的电动车辆充电系统。 [0004] The present invention is mainly to solve the existing electric vehicle charging system while charging the vehicle key must remain on the stall door key ACC brought insecurity and technical issues of energy waste; to provide a vehicle key is not charging We need to remain on the key to the door, safer and more energy-efficient electric vehicle charging system.

[0005] 为实现上述目的,本实用新型采用如下技术方案:一种电动车辆充电系统,包括充电装置、蓄电池、电池管理系统、其他车载电子系统和钥匙门开关,充电装置与蓄电池并联,其特征在于,还包括单刀双掷开关,单刀双掷开关的公共端s接到电池管理系统的一端,单刀双掷开关的切换端a接到蓄电池的负极,单刀双掷开关的切换端b接到钥匙门开关的d端,钥匙门开关的c端接到蓄电池的负极,电池管理系统的另一端接到蓄电池的正极, 其他车载电子系统的一端接到钥匙门开关的d端,其他车载电子系统的另一端接到蓄电池的正极。 [0005] To achieve the above object, the present invention adopts the following technical solution: an electric vehicle charging system comprising a charging means, a battery, a battery management system, and other vehicle electronic key system, door switch, in parallel with the battery charging device, characterized in further comprising a SPDT switch, the common terminal of the SPDT switch s connected to one end of the battery management system, the SPDT switch is switched to the negative terminal of a battery, the switching terminal b of the SPDT switch to the key d door switch terminal, C terminal to the negative key of the door switch, the other terminal of the battery to a battery management system battery positive electrode, one end to the other on-vehicle electronic system key gate terminal d of the switch, the other vehicle electronic system the other end to the positive electrode of the battery.

[0006] 本实用新型所述的一种电动车辆充电系统,当充电装置接上电源对蓄电池充电时,单刀双掷开关的公共端s与切换端a连接导通,此时如果拔出车辆钥匙,钥匙门开关断开,则其他车载电子系统供电回路断开,但是电池管理系统依然被供电,对电池组整体的充电过程进行控制;当充电装置停止充电时,单刀双掷开关的公共端s与切换端b连接导通, 则电池管理系统和其他车载电子系统的供电回路仅受钥匙门开关的控制。 [0006] The present invention according to an electric vehicle charging system, the charging device plugged in when the battery is charged, the SPDT switch and the common terminal of the switching terminal a connected s turns on, then if the vehicle key removed , the door key switch is turned off, the other vehicle electronic systems power supply circuit is disconnected, the battery management system is still powered, the overall battery pack charging control process; stop charging when the charging device, the SPDT switch common terminal s conductive connection to the switching terminal b, then the battery management system, and other vehicle electronic systems power supply circuit controlled by only the key of the door switch. [0007] 作为优选,所述单刀双掷开关为机械式单刀双掷开关。 [0007] Advantageously, the SPDT switch is a mechanical SPDT switch. 机械式单刀双掷开关设计在充电装置的电源插座上,插上电源插头充电时,开关按钮被按下,单刀双掷开关的公共端s与切换端a连接导通;电源插头被拔出时,开关按钮弹起来,单刀双掷开关的公共端s与切换端b连接导通。 When the power plug is pulled out; mechanical SPDT switch design in the power outlet of the charging device, the charging plug is plugged in, the switch button is pressed, the SPDT switch and the common terminal of the switching terminal a connected s conduction , bounce switch button, single pole double throw switch and the common terminal of the switching terminal b connected to s conduction.

[0008] 作为优选,所述单刀双掷开关为单刀双掷继电器。 [0008] Advantageously, the SPDT switch is a single pole double throw relay. 当充电装置接上电源时,同时为单刀双掷继电器的控制电路提供电压,单刀双掷继电器吸合,公共端s与切换端a连接导通;当充电装置电源断开时,单刀双掷继电器的控制电路电源也被切断,单刀双掷继电器弹开,公共端s与切换端b连接导通。 When the charging device plugged in, while providing a control circuit for the voltage SPDT relay SPDT relay, s common terminal connected to the switching terminal a is turned on; the power-off when the charging device, a single pole double throw relay the control circuit is also cut off the power supply, a single pole, double throw relay bounce, s common terminal connected to the switching terminal b is turned on.

[0009] 作为优选,所述单刀双掷开关的开关按钮安装在电源插座上,与所述电源插座配套的电源插头的边缘设有能压住开关按钮的凸台。 [0009] Advantageously, the SPDT switch button is mounted on the outlet, the outlet edge of supporting the power plug is provided with a switch button can be pressed against the boss. 当将电源插头插到电源插座上时,该凸台压下单刀双掷开关的开关按钮,公共端s与切换端a连接导通;当拔下电源插头时,单刀双掷开关的开关按钮弹起,公共端s与切换端b连接导通。 When the power plug into a power outlet, which boss depress the switch button of the SPDT switch, the common terminal of the switching terminal a connected s turned on; when unplug SPDT switch button bomb since, s common terminal connected to terminal b and the switch is turned on.

[0010] 本实用新型的有益效果:通过增加一个单刀双掷开关,电动车辆在充电时车辆钥匙不必保留在钥匙门的ACC档上,有效防止车辆被盗情况发生,车辆更加节能。 [0010] Advantageous effects of the present invention: by adding a SPDT switch, when charging the electric vehicle does not have to remain on the vehicle key ACC shift key to the door, effectively preventing vehicle theft occurs, more energy-efficient vehicle.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0011] 图1为本实用新型的一种电路原理图; [0011] The present invention FIG 1 a schematic circuit diagram;

[0012] 图2为现有电动车辆充电系统一种电路原理图; [0012] The charging system of FIG. 2 is a circuit diagram of the conventional electric vehicle;

[0013] 图3为本实用新型电源插头和电源插座的一种结构示意图。 [0013] FIG. 3 is a schematic view of one kind of structure of a new mains plug and socket practical.

[0014] 附图标记说明:1—充电装置,2—蓄电池,3—电池管理系统,4—其他车载电子系统,5—钥匙门开关,6—单刀双掷开关,7—电源插头,8—电源插座,9—开关按钮。 [0014] REFERENCE NUMERALS: 1 to the charging device, the battery 2-, 3- battery management system, other vehicle electronic systems 4-, 5- key to the door switch, 6- SPDT switch, power plug 7-, 8- power outlet, 9-button switch.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0015] 下面通过实施例,并结合附图,对本实用新型的技术方案作进一步的描述。 [0015] The following Examples, in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, the present invention will be further described in the technical solution.

[0016] 实施例:本实施例的一种电动车辆充电系统的电路连接如图1所示,包括充电装置1、蓄电池2、电池管理系统3、其他车载电子系统4、钥匙门开关5和单刀双掷开关6,充电装置1与蓄电池2并联,单刀双掷开关6的公共端s接到电池管理系统3的一端,单刀双掷开关6的切换端a接到蓄电池2的负极,单刀双掷开关6的切换端b接到钥匙门开关5的d端,钥匙门开关5的c端接到蓄电池2的负极,电池管理系统3的另一端接到蓄电池2的正极,其他车载电子系统4的一端接到钥匙门开关5的d端,其他车载电子系统4的另一端接到蓄电池2的正极。 [0016] Example: a charging circuit of an electric vehicle system according to the present embodiment of the connector shown in Figure 1, includes a charging apparatus 1, a battery 2, a battery management system 3, the other vehicle electronic systems 4, 5 and single-pole switch key to the door double-throw switch 6, the battery charging apparatus 1 and the second parallel SPDT switch S 6 is connected to the common terminal of the battery management system 3 is an end, the switching SPDT switch 6 to the negative terminal of a battery 2, SPDT switching terminal b 6 to the end of the door key switch 5 d, the terminal c of the switch key to the door 5 to the negative electrode, the other end of the battery management system 3 connected to the positive electrode of the battery 2 battery 2, the other on-vehicle electronic system 4 One end of the key to the gate terminal of the switch 5 is d, the other end of the other vehicle electronic system 4 to the positive electrode of the battery 2.

[0017] 本实施例中,如图3所示,单刀双掷开关6设计在充电装置1的电源插座8上,插上电源插头7充电时,开关按钮9被按下,单刀双掷开关6的公共端s与切换端a连接导通;电源插头7被拔出时,开关按钮9弹起来,单刀双掷开关6的公共端s与切换端b连接导通。 [0017] In this embodiment, as shown in FIG SPDT switch 6 Design of the power supply socket 8 on the charging apparatus 1, the charging plug 7 is plugged in, the button switch 9 is pressed, SPDT switch 6 s common terminal connected to the switching terminal a conduction; 7 when the power plug is pulled out, bounce off button 9, SPDT switch and the common terminal s connected to the switching terminal b 6 is turned on.

[0018] 本实施例中,电动车辆在进行充电时更为安全和节能,本实用新型的实现过程如下:电动车辆停车后拔出车钥匙,则钥匙门开关5断开,电池管理系统3和其他车载电子系统4供电回路断开,当电动车辆需要充电时,将电源插头7插到电源插座8上,则开关按钮9被按下,单刀双掷开关6的公共端s与切换端a连接导通,电池管理系统3供电回路导通, 这样电池管理系统3就可以适时控制充电装置1对蓄电池2进行充电;当拔出电源插头7 停止充电时,开关按钮9弹起来,单刀双掷开关6的公共端s与切换端b连接导通,电池管理系统3供电回路断开。 [0018] In this embodiment, safer and more energy-efficient electric vehicle charging is performed, the present invention process is as follows: the electric vehicle parking the vehicle key is pulled out, the key to the door switch 5 is turned off, the battery management system 3, and other vehicle electronic system power supply circuit 4 is turned off, the electric vehicle needs to be charged when the power plug into a power outlet 7 8, 9 of the switch button is pressed, the common terminal of SPDT switch s switching terminal a connected to the 6 turned on, the battery management system supply circuit 3 is turned on, so that the battery management system 3 can timely control the charging apparatus 1 for charging battery 2; unplug the power plug 7 when the charging is stopped, 9 bounce switch button, single pole double throw switch s handover common terminal connected to terminal b 6 is turned on, the battery management system supply circuit 3 is turned off.

[0019] 上面结合附图对本实用新型的优选实施例作了描述,但是本实用新型并不局限于上述的具体实施方式,上述的具体实施方式仅仅是示意性的,而不是限制性的,本技术领域的普通技术人员在本实用新型的启示下,在不脱离本实用新型宗旨和权力要求所保护的范围的情况下,还可以做出很多形式,这些均属于本实用新型的保护范围之内。 [0019] The above embodiment has been described in conjunction with the accompanying drawings of the preferred embodiment of the present invention, but the present invention is not limited to the specific embodiments described above specific embodiments are merely illustrative, and not restrictive, and the present technology in the field of ordinary skill in this new revelation practical, without departing from the scope of the present invention the purposes and requirements of the protection of rights, you can also make a lot of forms, which are within the scope of the present invention to protect . 本实施例中未明确的各组成部分均可用现有技术加以实现。 The various components are not explicitly described in this embodiment can be realized by the prior art.

Claims (4)

  1. 一种电动车辆充电系统, 包括充电装置(1)、蓄电池(2)、电池管理系统(3)、其他车载电子系统(4)和钥匙门开关(5),充电装置(1)与蓄电池(2)并联,其特征在于,还包括单刀双掷开关(6),单刀双掷开关(6)的公共端s接到电源管理系统(3)的一端,单刀双掷开关(6)的切换端a接到蓄电池(2)的负极,单刀双掷开关(6)的切换端b接到钥匙门开关(5)的d端,钥匙门开关(5)的c端接到蓄电池(2)的负极,电源管理系统(3)的另一端接到蓄电池(2)的正极,其他车载电子系统(4)的一端接到钥匙门开关(5)的d端,其他车载电子系统(4)的另一端接到蓄电池(2)的正极。 An electric vehicle charging system includes a charging device (1), a battery (2), a battery management system (3), other vehicle electronic system (4) and the door to the key switch (5), a charging device (1) to the battery (2 ) in parallel, characterized by, further comprising a single pole double throw switch (6), single-pole double-throw switch (6) s connected to common terminal end of the power management system (3), the SPDT switch (6) is switched terminal a d to the end of the battery (2) is negative, SPDT switch (6) is switched to the terminal b of the door key switch (5), the key to the door switch (5) to the terminal c of the battery (2) is negative, the other end of the power management system (3) is connected to the positive electrode of the battery (2), the other end of vehicle electronic system (4) is key to the terminal d door switch (5), the other end of the other vehicle electronic system (4) the positive electrode in the battery (2).
  2. 2.根据权利要求1所述的一种电动车辆充电系统,其特征在于,所述单刀双掷开关(6) 为机械式单刀双掷开关。 An electric vehicle charging system according to claim 1, wherein said SPDT switch (6) is a mechanical SPDT switch.
  3. 3.根据权利要求1所述的一种电动车辆充电系统,其特征在于,所述单刀双掷开关(6) 为单刀双掷继电器。 The charging system of an electric vehicle according to claim 1, wherein said SPDT switch (6) is a single pole double throw relay.
  4. 4.根据权利要求1或2或3所述的一种电动车辆充电系统,其特征在于,所述单刀双掷开关(6)的开关按钮(9)安装在电源插座(8)上,与所述电源插座(8)配套的电源插头(7) 的边缘设有能压住开关按钮(9)的凸台。 4. An electric vehicle charging system of claim 1 or 2 or as claimed in claim 3, wherein said SPDT switch (6) of the switch button (9) mounted on the outlet (8), and the said outlet (8) supporting the edge of the power plug (7) is provided with a switch button can be pressed (9) of the boss.
CN2010202255248U 2010-06-13 2010-06-13 Electric vehicle charging system CN201726166U (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102632807A (en) * 2012-05-02 2012-08-15 德州艾狄孚新能源科技有限公司 Charging forbidding device for low-speed electric automobile
CN103107578A (en) * 2013-02-17 2013-05-15 重庆长安汽车股份有限公司 Electric vehicle charge control device
CN104052121A (en) * 2014-06-24 2014-09-17 安徽安凯汽车股份有限公司 Pure electric bus intelligent charging control system and control method thereof
CN106558893A (en) * 2015-09-29 2017-04-05 比亚迪股份有限公司 Control method used for battery pack balancing and control device thereof

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102632807A (en) * 2012-05-02 2012-08-15 德州艾狄孚新能源科技有限公司 Charging forbidding device for low-speed electric automobile
CN103107578A (en) * 2013-02-17 2013-05-15 重庆长安汽车股份有限公司 Electric vehicle charge control device
CN103107578B (en) * 2013-02-17 2016-01-20 重庆长安汽车股份有限公司 Charging an electric vehicle control apparatus
CN104052121A (en) * 2014-06-24 2014-09-17 安徽安凯汽车股份有限公司 Pure electric bus intelligent charging control system and control method thereof
CN106558893A (en) * 2015-09-29 2017-04-05 比亚迪股份有限公司 Control method used for battery pack balancing and control device thereof
CN106558893B (en) * 2015-09-29 2019-03-29 比亚迪股份有限公司 Control method and device for battery pack balancing

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