CN201720516U - Hydraulic driving device of plate shearing machine - Google Patents

Hydraulic driving device of plate shearing machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201720516U
CN201720516U CN2010202541201U CN201020254120U CN201720516U CN 201720516 U CN201720516 U CN 201720516U CN 2010202541201 U CN2010202541201 U CN 2010202541201U CN 201020254120 U CN201020254120 U CN 201020254120U CN 201720516 U CN201720516 U CN 201720516U
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China
Prior art keywords
oil
valve
cylinder
hydraulic
mouth
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN2010202541201U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
周建波
周霆
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周建波
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Priority to CN2010202541201U priority Critical patent/CN201720516U/en
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Publication of CN201720516U publication Critical patent/CN201720516U/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a hydraulic driving device of a plate shearing machine. An oil outlet of a hydraulic pump (3) is connected with an oil inlet P1 of an electromagnetic overflow valve (5) and an oil inlet P2 of a reversing valve (6), an oil outlet A of the reversing valve (6) is connected with a left main oil cylinder (12), a right main oil cylinder (13) and a pressing oil cylinder (15), an oil outlet B of the reversing valve (6) is connected with a through port P3 of a one-way valve (9), and the other port of the one-way valve (9) is connected with a port P4 of a pressure regulating valve (10) and an oil inlet of a hydraulic return cylinder (11). The hydraulic driving device realizes that a cutter carrier can stop in any positions, is greatly convenient for regulation of the gap uniformity of blades and avoids the occurrence of accidents, thereby having safer and convenience.

Description

The plate shearing machine hydraulic transmission
Technical field:
The utility model relates to hydraulic plate shears and the hydraulic shearing machine in the forging and pressing product, relates in particular to the plate shearing machine hydraulic transmission.
Background technology:
The plate shearing machine of prior art mainly is that oil cylinder in parallel promotes the knife rest working motion and serial oil cylinders promotes the knife rest working motion, is promoted the drawback movement of knife rest by the nitrogen kicker cylinder.Shown in Fig. 1-2, motor 4 runnings drive hydraulic oil pump 3 runnings, the hydraulic oil of hydraulic oil pump 3 outputs is through electromagnetic relief valve 5 off-loads (this moment, magnetic valve was opened), the upper tool post 14 that hydraulic oil flows back to fuel tank 1 plate shearing machine this moment is failure to actuate, closed electromagnetic valve when electromagnetic relief valve 5, the hydraulic oil of hydraulic oil pump 3 outputs enters right master cylinder 15, enter left master cylinder 12 and right master cylinder 13 simultaneously, utilize nitrogen kicker cylinder 11-2 (nitrogen of certain pressure being stored in the nitrogen kicker cylinder 11-2) by charge valve 7-2, upwards thrust to upper tool post 14 makes binder piston rod 15-1 operation downwards earlier, push down cut flitch after, upper tool post 14 moves downwards, realizes the shearing to plate, shear and finish, electromagnetic relief valve 5 obtains the signal of telecommunication, magnetic valve is opened upper tool post 14 backhaul that moves upward under the effect of nitrogen kicker cylinder 11-2.The oil of left side master cylinder 12, right master cylinder 13 epicoeles is through electromagnetic relief valve 5 oil sump tanks 1, binder piston rod 15-1 is under the effect of spring force, get back to top dead-centre, the oil in the right master cylinder 15 has so been finished the work period of a shearing through electromagnetic relief valve 5 oil sump tanks.
The backhaul of these two kinds of plate shearing machine upper tool posts, be to have the nitrogen kicker cylinder of elevated pressures to promote the upper tool post backhaul by storage, but there is very big defective in these present plate shearing machines: the pressure in the nitrogen kicker cylinder is about 6MPa, plate shearing machine nitrogen leakage in the course of the work is unavoidable, when nitrogen leaks into to a certain degree, the action that the binder of binder cylinder moves and upper tool post is descending is just inharmonious, can not realize the technological requirement that the upper tool post action is sheared behind the first binder, after the gas leakage, even coordination, this moment, initial pressure-plate-force reduced, and the plate of cutting does not just reach quality requirement, that just needs to give the inflation of nitrogen kicker cylinder, can the size of initial pressure-plate-force meet the demands, and can only feel by rule of thumb, can not regulate in real time, and have a strong impact on the normal use of lathe often for the inflation of nitrogen kicker cylinder; The nitrogen kicker cylinder is the process of a danger close when being connected with the upper tool post assembling, the nitrogen kicker cylinder is installed in the inner chamber of upper tool post, need pour high pressure nitrogen on one side, on one side by the hand-held kicker cylinder of people, calibration is tie point up and down, and installing space is little, sight equation, when high pressure nitrogen charges into kicker cylinder, the kicker cylinder piston rod is released under the effect of high pressure nitrogen fast, supports on the upper tool post, with the upper tool post jack-up that makes progress, accidentally, just can not accurately put in place, the situation of piston rod being gone out cylinder body is often arranged, produce serious injury accident, as the pin and so on of cutting off the hands; Plate shearing machine is to open and close work by electromagnetic relief valve, upper tool post is sheared and is gone downwards to the stroke end, by the electrical control signalling electromagnetic relief valve is opened the upper tool post backhaul, backhaul must be got back to top dead-centre and just can stop, and can not be implemented in stopping of optional position, so just is unfavorable for the inspection adjustment of the gap blade uniformity, the adjustment uniformity finishes, if forget and close ball valve, make ball valve be in closed condition, this moment, working machine was easy to cause serious equipment breakdown.
The utility model content:
The purpose of this utility model provides the plate shearing machine hydraulic transmission, it can realize the technological requirement sheared behind the first binder, and upper tool post can be very easy to the adjusting of blade clearance evenness degree in the optional position crawl operation in the up-downgoing process, avoid the generation of accident, more safety.
In order to solve the existing problem of background technology, the utility model is by the following technical solutions: the oil-out of hydraulic pump links to each other for 2 mouthfuls with the oil inlet P of 1 mouthful of oil inlet P of electromagnetic relief valve and reversal valve, the oil-out A mouth of reversal valve links to each other with left master cylinder, right master cylinder and binder oil cylinder, the oil-out B mouth of reversal valve links to each other with the straight-through direction mouth P3 mouth of check valve, and another of check valve mouthful links to each other with the P4 mouth of pressure regulator valve and the oil-in of hydraulic pressure kicker cylinder.
The oil-out of described hydraulic oil pump links to each other with the P2 mouth of reversal valve, the oil-out A mouth of reversal valve links to each other with 1 mouthful of the oil inlet P of electromagnetic relief valve, left master cylinder, right master cylinder and binder oil cylinder, the oil-out B mouth of reversal valve links to each other with the straight-through direction mouth P3 mouth of check valve, and another of check valve mouthful links to each other with the P4 mouth of pressure regulator valve and the oil-in of hydraulic pressure kicker cylinder.
Described check valve and pressure regulator valve replace with one way sequence valve.
The utility model is to be turned round by the motor drives hydraulic oil pump, the hydraulic oil of hydraulic oil pump output is through electromagnetic relief valve off-load (this moment, magnetic valve was opened), hydraulic oil flows back to fuel tank, this moment, upper tool post was failure to actuate, when the closed electromagnetic valve of electromagnetic relief valve, the hydraulic oil of the oil pump output hydraulicdirectional control valve of flowing through enters left master cylinder and right master cylinder and binder oil cylinder.Because the backhaul hydraulic cylinder withstands upper tool post, and upper tool post is imposed suitable power (this power can be regulated by pressure regulator valve), make the piston rod operation downwards earlier of binder oil cylinder, push down and cut flitch, after compressing, upper tool post moves downwards, the oil of backhaul hydraulic cylinder cavity of resorption flows back to fuel tank through pressure regulator valve, realization is to the shearing of plate, shear and finish the hydraulicdirectional control valve commutation, the oil of hydraulic pump output enters the hydraulic pressure kicker cylinder through hydraulicdirectional control valve through check valve, promotes upwards operation of upper tool post, and the oil of left master cylinder and right master cylinder epicoele and the oil of binder oil cylinder flow back to fuel tank through hydraulicdirectional control valve, the upper tool post backhaul is to top dead-centre, send signal by electrical equipment, electromagnetic relief valve is opened, and hydraulic valve resets, finish a shear history, this course of work can by electrical control gear to electromagnetic relief valve and hydraulicdirectional control valve electric and dead electricity, realize the crawl operation that upper tool post moves up and down, realize upper tool post the stopping of optional position in impulse stroke.
The utility model has the advantages that it has realized the technological requirement of shearing behind the first binder, upper tool post can be very easy to the adjusting of blade clearance evenness degree the stopping of the optional position in the up-downgoing process, and avoids the generation of accident, more safety.
Description of drawings:
Fig. 1 is the oil cylinder hydraulic schematic diagram in parallel of prior art;
Fig. 2 is the serial oil cylinders hydraulic diagram of prior art;
Fig. 3 is an oil cylinder hydraulic schematic diagram in parallel of the present utility model;
Fig. 4 is a serial oil cylinders hydraulic diagram of the present utility model;
Fig. 5 is the another kind of hydraulic diagram of Fig. 3;
Fig. 6 is the another kind of hydraulic diagram of Fig. 4;
Fig. 7 is the structural representation of the specific embodiment four.
Fig. 8 is the frame for movement schematic diagram of oil cylinder in parallel of the present utility model;
Fig. 9 is that the A-A of Fig. 8 is to structural representation;
Figure 10 is the frame for movement schematic diagram of serial oil cylinders of the present utility model;
Figure 11 is that the B-B of Figure 10 is to structural representation.
The specific embodiment:
The specific embodiment one: with reference to Fig. 3, Fig. 8-9, this specific embodiment is by the following technical solutions: it comprises fuel tank 1, oil suction filter 2, hydraulic oil pump 3, motor 4, electromagnetic relief valve 5, reversal valve 6, pressure meter switch 7, Pressure gauge 8, check valve 9, pressure regulator valve 10, left side master cylinder 12, right master cylinder 13, upper tool post 14, binder oil cylinder 15, it also comprises hydraulic pressure kicker cylinder 11, fuel tank 1 links to each other with hydraulic oil pump 3 by oil suction filter 2, motor 4 links to each other with hydraulic oil pump 3, electromagnetic relief valve 5 is arranged between hydraulic oil pump 3 and the reversal valve 6, Pressure gauge 8 links to each other with pressure meter switch 7, reversal valve 6 one tunnel and left master cylinder 12, right master cylinder 13 links to each other with binder oil cylinder 15, one the tunnel links to each other with check valve 9, check valve 9 links to each other with hydraulic pressure kicker cylinder 11 with pressure regulator valve 10, hydraulic pressure kicker cylinder 11 is arranged in the upper tool post 14, the top of hydraulic pressure kicker cylinder 11 links to each other with the top board of upper tool post 14, the bottom of hydraulic pressure kicker cylinder 11 and a left side, the support plate of right master cylinder links to each other.
Described hydraulic pressure kicker cylinder 11 adopts the hydraulic pressure backhaul.
The oil-out of described hydraulic pump 3 links to each other for 2 mouthfuls with 1 mouthful of the oil inlet P of electromagnetic relief valve 5 and the oil inlet P of reversal valve 6, the oil-out A mouth of reversal valve 6 links to each other with left master cylinder 12, right master cylinder 13 and binder oil cylinder 15, the oil-out B mouth of reversal valve 6 links to each other with the straight-through direction mouth P3 mouth of check valve 9, and another mouthful of check valve 9 links to each other with the P4 mouth of pressure regulator valve 10 and the oil-in of hydraulic pressure kicker cylinder 11.
Described plate shearing machine hydraulic transmission has utilized hydraulic pressure kicker cylinder 11 and kicker cylinder piston rod 11-1, makes upper tool post 14 backhauls of plate shearing machine.
Described plate shearing machine hydraulic transmission has utilized check valve 9 and pressure regulator valve 10, and the regulated back pressure that is produced is regulated control upper tool post 14 drags of operation downwards, realizes regulating of initial pressure-plate-force that right master cylinder 15 is produced.
Described plate shearing machine hydraulic transmission has utilized reversal valve 6, check valve 9, pressure regulator valve 10, hydraulic pressure kicker cylinder 11 and the technical combination of kicker cylinder piston rod 11-1, realizes in upper tool post 14 courses of work stopping and moving at an arbitrary position by electrical control gear.
The utility model is to be turned round by the motor drives hydraulic oil pump, the hydraulic oil of hydraulic oil pump output is through electromagnetic relief valve off-load (this moment, magnetic valve was opened), hydraulic oil flows back to fuel tank, this moment, upper tool post was failure to actuate, when the closed electromagnetic valve of electromagnetic relief valve, the hydraulic oil of the oil pump output hydraulicdirectional control valve of flowing through enters left master cylinder and right master cylinder and binder oil cylinder.Because the backhaul hydraulic cylinder withstands upper tool post, and upper tool post is imposed suitable power (this power can be regulated by pressure regulator valve), make the piston rod operation downwards earlier of binder oil cylinder, push down and cut flitch, after compressing, upper tool post moves downwards, the oil of backhaul hydraulic cylinder cavity of resorption flows back to fuel tank through pressure regulator valve, realization is to the shearing of plate, shear and finish the reversal valve commutation, the oil of hydraulic pump output enters the hydraulic pressure kicker cylinder through hydraulicdirectional control valve through check valve, promotes upwards operation of upper tool post, the oil of left side master cylinder and right master cylinder epicoele flows back to fuel tank through hydraulicdirectional control valve, the upper tool post backhaul is sent signal to top dead-centre by electrical equipment, and electromagnetic relief valve is opened, hydraulic valve resets, finish a shear history, this course of work can realize the crawl operation that upper tool post moves up and down by the get electric and dead electricity of electrical control gear to electromagnetic relief valve and hydraulicdirectional control valve, realize upper tool post the stopping of optional position in impulse stroke, realize single and continued operation standard.
The specific embodiment two: with reference to Fig. 4, Figure 10-11, this specific embodiment is with the difference of the specific embodiment one: described left hydraulic oil container 12 adopts with right hydraulic oil container 13 and is connected in series.
The specific embodiment three: with reference to Fig. 5-6, this specific embodiment is with the specific embodiment one and two difference: described electromagnetic relief valve 5 is arranged on the top of reversal valve 6, and an end of binder oil cylinder 15 links to each other with electromagnetic relief valve 5.
The oil-out of described hydraulic oil pump 3 links to each other with the P2 mouth of reversal valve 6, the oil-out A mouth of reversal valve 6 links to each other with 1 mouthful of oil inlet P, left master cylinder 12, right master cylinder 13 and the binder oil cylinder 15 of electromagnetic relief valve 5, the oil-out B mouth of reversal valve 6 links to each other with the straight-through direction mouth P3 mouth of check valve 9, and another mouthful of check valve 9 links to each other with the P4 mouth of pressure regulator valve 10 and the oil-in of hydraulic pressure kicker cylinder 11.
During the upper tool post backhaul of this specific embodiment, left and right master cylinder and binder oil cylinder can improve oil return speed greatly by electromagnetic relief valve and two path oil sump tanks of reversal valve, and this kind scheme is more suitable in the bigger hydraulic system of liquid measure.
The specific embodiment four: with reference to Fig. 7, this specific embodiment is with the difference of the specific embodiment one: described check valve 9 and pressure regulator valve 10 usefulness one way sequence valves 25 replace.
The specific embodiment five: with reference to Fig. 7-10, this specific embodiment is by the following technical solutions: it is by left column 16, lower slide 17, right column 18, fulcrum 19, right main oil cylinder piston bar 13-1, right master cylinder 13, upper tool post 14, hydraulic control device 20, hydraulic pressure kicker cylinder 11, hydraulic pressure kicker cylinder piston rod 11-1, left side master cylinder 12, left side main oil cylinder piston bar 12-1, electrical control cabinet 21, channel-section steel 24, binder beam 23, binder oil cylinder 15 and fuel tank overall apparatus 22 are formed, left column 16, right column 18, lower slide 17 and binder beam 23 are connected to integral body, a left side, the below master cylinder 12 that binder oil cylinder 15 is arranged on binder beam 23 is arranged on the left column 16, right master cylinder 13 is arranged on the right column 18, fulcrum 19 connects left column 16 and right column 18, upper tool post 14 two ends are positioned on the fulcrum 19, the left and right sides, inside of upper tool post 14 is provided with hydraulic pressure kicker cylinder 11, bottom, upper tool post 14 left side links to each other with the left main oil cylinder piston bar 12-1 of left master cylinder 12, upper tool post 14 lower right side link to each other with the right main oil cylinder piston bar 13-1 of right master cylinder 13, bearing group in fulcrum 19 and upper tool post 14 holes is fitted together, the lower end of hydraulic pressure kicker cylinder 11 links to each other with the support plate of left master cylinder 12 and right master cylinder 13, the upper end links to each other with the top board of upper tool post 14, fuel tank overall apparatus 22 is arranged on the channel-section steel 24, hydraulic control device 20 is arranged on the fuel tank overall apparatus 22, and electrical control cabinet 21 is arranged on the left surface of left column 16.

Claims (5)

1. plate shearing machine hydraulic transmission, the oil-out that it is characterized in that hydraulic pump (3) links to each other for 2 mouthfuls with 1 mouthful of the oil inlet P of electromagnetic relief valve (5) and the oil inlet P of reversal valve (6), the oil-out A mouth of reversal valve (6) links to each other with left master cylinder (12), right master cylinder (13) and binder oil cylinder (15), the oil-out B mouth of reversal valve (6) links to each other with the straight-through direction mouth P3 mouth of check valve (9), and another mouth of check valve (9) links to each other with the P4 mouth of pressure regulator valve (10) and the oil-in of hydraulic pressure kicker cylinder (11).
2. plate shearing machine hydraulic transmission according to claim 1, the oil-out that it is characterized in that described hydraulic oil pump (3) links to each other with the P2 mouth of reversal valve (6), the oil-out A mouth of reversal valve (6) links to each other with the oil-in (P1) of electromagnetic relief valve (5) mouth, left master cylinder (12), right master cylinder (13) and binder oil cylinder (15), the oil-out B mouth of reversal valve (6) links to each other with the straight-through direction mouth P3 mouth of check valve (9), and another mouth of check valve (9) links to each other with the P4 mouth of pressure regulator valve (10) and the oil-in of hydraulic pressure kicker cylinder (11).
3. plate shearing machine hydraulic transmission according to claim 1 is characterized in that described check valve (9) and pressure regulator valve (10) replace with one way sequence valve (25).
4. plate shearing machine hydraulic transmission according to claim 2 is characterized in that described hydraulic pressure kicker cylinder (11) adopts the hydraulic pressure backhaul.
5. according to claim 1,2 described plate shearing machine hydraulic transmissions, it is characterized in that the oil-in of described hydraulic pressure kicker cylinder (11) links to each other with the P4 mouth of check valve (9) and pressure regulator valve (10).
CN2010202541201U 2010-07-12 2010-07-12 Hydraulic driving device of plate shearing machine Expired - Fee Related CN201720516U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010202541201U CN201720516U (en) 2010-07-12 2010-07-12 Hydraulic driving device of plate shearing machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010202541201U CN201720516U (en) 2010-07-12 2010-07-12 Hydraulic driving device of plate shearing machine

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN201720516U true CN201720516U (en) 2011-01-26

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2010202541201U Expired - Fee Related CN201720516U (en) 2010-07-12 2010-07-12 Hydraulic driving device of plate shearing machine

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103644152A (en) * 2013-12-21 2014-03-19 山东力丰重型机床有限公司 Hydraulic system of large-scale gate type plate shearing machine
CN105149412A (en) * 2015-09-29 2015-12-16 安徽省三力机床制造股份有限公司 Plate grooving hydraulic shearing machine, as well as hydraulic system and application method of plate grooving hydraulic shearing machine
CN105537664A (en) * 2016-02-03 2016-05-04 江苏龙胜机床制造有限公司 Hydraulic system of plate shearing machine

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103644152A (en) * 2013-12-21 2014-03-19 山东力丰重型机床有限公司 Hydraulic system of large-scale gate type plate shearing machine
CN103644152B (en) * 2013-12-21 2016-04-27 山东力丰重型机床有限公司 A kind of large-scale gate type hydraulic system of cutting machine
CN105149412A (en) * 2015-09-29 2015-12-16 安徽省三力机床制造股份有限公司 Plate grooving hydraulic shearing machine, as well as hydraulic system and application method of plate grooving hydraulic shearing machine
CN105537664A (en) * 2016-02-03 2016-05-04 江苏龙胜机床制造有限公司 Hydraulic system of plate shearing machine

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GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20110126

Termination date: 20150712

EXPY Termination of patent right or utility model