CN201719869U - Tar ammonia water separator - Google Patents

Tar ammonia water separator Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN201719869U
CN201719869U CN2010202447750U CN201020244775U CN201719869U CN 201719869 U CN201719869 U CN 201719869U CN 2010202447750 U CN2010202447750 U CN 2010202447750U CN 201020244775 U CN201020244775 U CN 201020244775U CN 201719869 U CN201719869 U CN 201719869U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
container
tar
ammonia
ammonia water
outlet
Prior art date
Application number
CN2010202447750U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘卫东
Original Assignee
山东万山集团有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 山东万山集团有限公司 filed Critical 山东万山集团有限公司
Priority to CN2010202447750U priority Critical patent/CN201719869U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN201719869U publication Critical patent/CN201719869U/en

Links

Abstract

The utility model discloses a tar ammonia water separator, which comprises a container. A feeding pipe, an ammonia water outlet, a tar outlet, a tar residue outlet and an exhaust opening are arranged on the container. The lower portion of the container is contractive, an outer sleeve is arranged outside the container, an ammonia overflow chamber is formed between the outer wall of the container and the outer sleeve, the ammonia water outlet is positioned on the upper portion of the container and communicated with the upper portion of the ammonia water overflow chamber, an ammonia discharge opening is arranged on the lower portion of the ammonia water overflow chamber, and the tar residue outlet is arranged at the bottom of the container. The tar ammonia water separator is used for separating ammonia water tar mixture in coking production, heats tar residue at the bottom by using separated ammonia water so that the tar residue inside the container constantly maintains a melted state to be conveniently discharged at any time, saves energy resources without heating or dredging even external air temperature is low, and is safe and convenient in use.

Description

焦油氨水分离器 Ammonia tar separator

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本实用新型属于焦化设备技术领域,具体是涉及一种用于分离氨水、焦油和焦油渣的设备。 [0001] The present invention belongs to the technical field coker, in particular to a method for the separation of ammonia, tar and tar residue devices.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 在焦化生产中,产生大量的焦油氨水混合物。 [0002] In the production of coke, a large amount of tar aqueous ammonia mixture. 对混合物中所含氨水、焦油和焦油渣的分离,通常利用沉降法将其在分离槽中分层导出。 Separation of ammonia, tar and the tar residue contained in the mixture, which typically utilize sedimentation separation tank layered Export. 焦油渣相对密度大,沉积后主要位于分离槽的底部。 Relative density tar residue, the deposited mainly in the bottom of the separation tank. 在分离过程中,当外界气温低时,焦油渣容易凝结,堵塞排渣管,造成排渣困难。 In the separation process, when the outside temperature is low, tar residue readily coagulate, plugging scum, slag caused difficulties. 为解决这一问题,有的在分离槽排渣口上连接蒸汽管道,排渣时先利用高温蒸汽对焦油渣进行加热,再放渣。 To solve this problem, some separation tank connected to the tap outlet steam pipe, the first high temperature steam for heating soapstock focus slag, add slag. 这种方法虽能解决焦油渣凝固问题,但需额外消耗一部分能源。 Although this method can solve the problem solidified tar residue, but an additional part of the energy consumption. 而且,在我国北方,由于冬季气温较低,焦油渣凝固比较严重,排渣时不仅需蒸汽加热,还需人工疏通,不仅浪费能源,费工费力,而且容易造成烫伤,不安全。 Moreover, in north China, due to low winter temperatures, tar residue solidified more serious, when the slag not only need steam heating, the need to manually clear, not only a waste of energy, a lot of work and effort, and likely to cause burns, insecurity.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0003] 本实用新型要解决的技术问题是提供一种不需额外加热,焦油渣排出顺畅,使用安全的焦油氨水分离装置。 [0003] The present invention Problem to be solved is to provide a no additional heating, tar residue discharged smoothly, tar ammonia separation device using security.

[0004] 为解决上述技术问题,本实用新型包括容器,所述容器上设有进料管、氨水出口、 焦油出口、焦油渣出口和排气口,其结构特点是所述的容器下部呈收缩状,容器外设有外套,容器外壁与外套之间形成氨水溢流腔室,所述的氨水出口位于容器上部并与氨水溢流腔室上部连通,氨水溢流腔室下部设有氨水排出口,所述的焦油渣出口设在容器底部。 [0004] In order to solve the above problems, the present invention comprises a container, the container is provided with feed pipe, ammonia water outlet, the outlet tar, tar residue outlet and an exhaust port, said structure is characterized by contraction in the lower container shape outside the outer vessel, ammonia is formed between the overflow chamber and the outer wall of the container, the upper part of the ammonia outlet communicates with the upper vessel and overflow chamber ammonia, ammonia water overflow chamber is provided with a lower discharge port aqueous ammonia said tar residue outlet provided at the bottom of the container.

[0005] 所述容器的下部呈漏斗状。 A lower portion of the [0005] container is funnel-shaped.

[0006] 所述外套环设在容器中部和底部。 The [0006] outer ring to the middle and bottom of the container.

[0007] 所述容器的侧壁上设有4个氨水出口。 [0007] ammonia outlet is provided with four side walls of the container.

[0008] 采用上述结构后,由于在容器外设有外套,当焦油氨水混合物经进料管进入容器后,氨水、焦油和焦油渣由上往下依次分层。 [0008] With the above construction, since the vessel outside the jacket tube tar ammonia mixture into the container, ammonia, tar and tar residue from top to bottom when layered over the feed. 当液面上升到氨水出口位置时,顶层氨水便溢流到氨水溢流腔室中,并由设在氨水溢流腔室下部的氨水排出口排出。 When the liquid level rises to the exit position ammonia, ammonia water then overflows the top layer to the overflow chamber ammonia, ammonia in a lower portion provided by ammonia overflow chamber discharge port. 由于氨水温度比较高,它在容器外形成一个加热水套,使容器内的焦油渣始终保持熔融状态,便于随时排放。 Since the ammonia relatively high temperature, it is heated to form a water jacket outside the container, so that tar residue in the vessel remain in a molten state, easily accessible at the discharge. 即使外界气温低,也不用加热,不需疏通,节约能源,使用安全方便。 Even if the outside temperature is low, and without heating, no clear, energy saving, safe and convenient.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0009] 下面结合附图对本实用新型的具体实施方式作进一步详细描述: [0009] DRAWINGS The present invention specific embodiments described in further detail:

[0010] 图1是本实用新型整体示意图; [0010] FIG. 1 is an overall schematic view of the present invention;

[0011] 图2是本实用新型剖视图。 [0011] FIG. 2 is a sectional view of the present invention novel.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0012] 参照附图,该焦油氨水分离器包括容器1,容器1上部呈圆筒形、下部呈漏斗状,容器1顶部封闭并设有排气口7。 [0012] Referring to the drawings, the tar separator comprises ammonia container 1, an upper cylindrical container 1, a lower funnel-shaped, the top of the container 1 is closed and the exhaust port 7 is provided. 在容器1上部设有氨水焦油混合物进料管3,进料管3出口位于容器1中心位置,在容器1中部和底部环设有外套2,容器1外壁与外套2之间形成氨水溢流腔室10,氨水出口4位于容器1上部并与氨水溢流腔室10上部连通,氨水出口4有4个,在容器1周壁上均布。 In the upper container 1 is provided with a mixture of aqueous ammonia tar feed tube 3, a feed container located in a central position of the outlet pipe 3 in the container 1 is provided with middle and bottom outer rings 2, ammonia is formed between the overflow chamber and the jacket outer wall 2 of the container 1 chamber 10, an ammonia outlet 4 located on the upper container and in communication with an upper overflow chamber 10 aqueous ammonia, ammonia water outlet 4 there are four, in a uniform periphery of the container wall. 在氨水溢流腔室10下部设有氨水排出口8,在容器1中部设有穿出外套2的焦油出口5,在容器1底部设有穿出外套2的焦油渣出口6。 Ammonia water overflow chamber 10 is provided with a lower outlet opening 8 of ammonia, tar outlet 5 is provided in the middle of piercing the outer container 2 1, 2 is provided with outer piercing tar residue outlet 6 at the bottom of the container 1. 在焦油渣出口6 上设有控制阀门9,用以调整排出流量,保证氨水沿氨水出口4溢出到氨水溢流腔室10中。 Tar residue outlet is provided on the control valve 6 9 for adjusting the discharge flow rate, the outlet 4 to ensure that ammonia in aqueous ammonia in ammonia water overflow into overflow chamber 10.

Claims (4)

  1. 一种焦油氨水分离器,包括容器(1),所述容器(1)上设有进料管(3)、氨水出口(4)、焦油出口(5)、焦油渣出口(6)和排气口(7),其特征是所述的容器(1)下部呈收缩状,容器(1)外设有外套(2),容器(1)外壁与外套(2)之间形成氨水溢流腔室(10),所述的氨水出口(4)位于容器(1)上部并与氨水溢流腔室(10)上部连通,氨水溢流腔室(10)下部设有氨水排出口(8),所述的焦油渣出口(6)设在容器(1)底部。 One kind ammonia tar separator comprising a container (1), said container (1) is provided with a feed pipe (3), ammonia water outlet (4), tar outlet (5), tar residue outlet (6) and the exhaust port (7), characterized in that said container (1) a lower contraction in shape of the container (1) outside the housing (2), is formed between the container (1) and the outer wall of the jacket (2) ammonia water overflow chamber (10), the ammonia water outlet (4) of the container (1) and an upper portion of an upper overflow chamber in communication with ammonia (10), ammonia overflow chamber (10) is provided with a lower discharge outlet ammonia (8), the tar residue of said outlet (6) provided on the container (1) bottom.
  2. 2.按照权利要求1所述的焦油氨水分离器,其特征是所述容器(1)的下部呈漏斗状。 2. The separator as claimed in claim tar ammonia claim 1, characterized in that the lower portion of the container (1) is funnel-shaped.
  3. 3.按照权利要求2所述的焦油氨水分离器,其特征是所述外套(2)环设在容器(1)中部和底部。 3. The separator as claimed in claim tar ammonia claim 2, characterized in that the housing (2) provided on the container ring (1) and the middle bottom.
  4. 4.按照权利要求2所述的焦油氨水分离器,其特征是所述容器(1)的侧壁上设有4个氨水出口(4)。 4. The separator as claimed in claim tar ammonia claim 2, wherein the ammonia outlet is provided with four (4) on the side wall of the container (1). 2 2
CN2010202447750U 2010-07-02 2010-07-02 Tar ammonia water separator CN201719869U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010202447750U CN201719869U (en) 2010-07-02 2010-07-02 Tar ammonia water separator

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010202447750U CN201719869U (en) 2010-07-02 2010-07-02 Tar ammonia water separator

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN201719869U true CN201719869U (en) 2011-01-26

Family

ID=43488143

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2010202447750U CN201719869U (en) 2010-07-02 2010-07-02 Tar ammonia water separator

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN201719869U (en)

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102240465A (en) * 2011-04-29 2011-11-16 湖北净天环保设备有限公司 Mechanical tar remover
CN103252116A (en) * 2013-01-03 2013-08-21 程相魁 Movement part-free low-consumption and high-efficiency ammonia water, tar and tar residue separation dewatering integration tank
CN103496796A (en) * 2013-09-04 2014-01-08 攀钢集团西昌钢钒有限公司 Oil extraction and slag removal method and system for vertical tar-ammonia water separating process
CN106187645A (en) * 2016-08-30 2016-12-07 荆门市燎原科技开发有限公司 A kind of vertical buffer tank of Compound oil phase for emulsion explosive material

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102240465A (en) * 2011-04-29 2011-11-16 湖北净天环保设备有限公司 Mechanical tar remover
CN102240465B (en) * 2011-04-29 2013-09-04 湖北净天环保设备有限公司 Mechanical tar remover
CN103252116A (en) * 2013-01-03 2013-08-21 程相魁 Movement part-free low-consumption and high-efficiency ammonia water, tar and tar residue separation dewatering integration tank
CN103252116B (en) * 2013-01-03 2015-11-25 程相魁 Without moving part low-consumption high-efficiency ammoniacal liquor, tar, tar slag separating and dehydrating one groove
CN103496796A (en) * 2013-09-04 2014-01-08 攀钢集团西昌钢钒有限公司 Oil extraction and slag removal method and system for vertical tar-ammonia water separating process
CN103496796B (en) * 2013-09-04 2015-05-13 攀钢集团西昌钢钒有限公司 Oil extraction and slag removal method and system for vertical tar-ammonia water separating process
CN106187645A (en) * 2016-08-30 2016-12-07 荆门市燎原科技开发有限公司 A kind of vertical buffer tank of Compound oil phase for emulsion explosive material

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN201258312Y (en) Interior heat type multiple layer gas distribution carbonization furnace
CN101928582B (en) Multilayer gas distribution full circulation carbonization furnace
CN101823793A (en) Double-path circulation full-mixing type anaerobic reactor
CN2714565Y (en) Integrated biological decomposing device for organic domestic refuse
CN101643273A (en) Device and method applicable to anaerobic treatment of solid and liquid mixed sewage of breeding field
CN201235262Y (en) Waste gas multifunctional processor for sodium modification torrefaction vanadium-smelting process
CN2564581Y (en) Tunnel-type deflecting methane tank
CN100519785C (en) Metal Mg, Ca and Sr reducing apparatus
CN201520797U (en) Upright high-temperature vacuum smelting furnace for magnesium and calcium with top material feeding and bottom slag discharging function
CN201447458U (en) Multilayer gas distribution full cycle retort furnace
CN2180646Y (en) Multi-function automatically slag discharging methane-generating pits
CN201519483U (en) Multifunctional pressure extraction tank
CN201978547U (en) Clarifier
CN1321882C (en) Continuous sulfur recovery apparatus
CN202369397U (en) Electric calcining furnace for graphite carbon material
CN2817358Y (en) Cylone filtering and fertilizing pot
CN101591717B (en) Steel slag hot disintegrating device
CN100352911C (en) High performance solar methane generator
CN202047117U (en) Reducing furnace for smelting magnesium continuously
CN1246422C (en) Method and device for dry distillation and charring of internal combustion self-heating moving bed
CN203096062U (en) Device for co-producing alcohol and lactic acid from kitchen waste
CN103074208B (en) High-concentration straw methane fermentation equipment
CN201399385Y (en) Dedicated flotation column for fly ash
CN202532707U (en) Water heater
CN2732749Y (en) Semi-underground tunnel type methane reaction kettle

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C14 Grant of patent or utility model